Abstract

We propose a spectral efficient radio over wavelength division multiplexed passive optical network (WDM-PON) system by combining optical polarization division multiplexing (PDM) and wireless multiple input multiple output (MIMO) spatial multiplexing techniques. In our experiment, a training-based zero forcing (ZF) channel estimation algorithm is designed to compensate the polarization rotation and wireless multipath fading. A 797 Mb/s net data rate QPSK-OFDM signal with error free (<1 × 10−5) performance and a 1.59 Gb/s net data rate 16QAM-OFDM signal with BER performance of 1.2 × 10−2 are achieved after transmission of 22.8 km single mode fiber followed by 3 m and 1 m air distances, respectively.

© 2012 OSA

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References

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  1. J. Zhang and G. de la Roche, Femtocells: Technologies and Deployment (Wiley, 2010), Chaps. 2, 4, 9.
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  7. W. Shieh and I. Djordjevic, OFDM for Optical Communications (Springer, 2009), Chap. 2.
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S.-H. Fan, H.-C. Chien, A. Chowdhury, C. Liu, W. Jian, Y.-T. Hsueh, and G.-K. Chang, “A novel radio-over-fiber system using the xy-MIMO wireless technique for enhanced radio spectral efficiency,” in 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2010 (2010), Paper Th.9.B.1.
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2011 (2)

2010 (3)

K. Tsukamoto, T. Nishiumi, T. Yamagami, T. Higashino, S. Komaki, R. Kubo, T. Taniguchi, J.-I. Kani, N. Yoshimoto, H. Kimura, and K. Iwatsuki, “Convergence of WDM access and ubiquitous antenna architecture for broadband wireless services,” PIERS Online 6(4), 385–389 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Kobyakov, M. Sauer, A. Ng’oma, and J. H. Winters, “Effect of optical loss and antenna separation in 2x2 MIMO fiber-radio systems,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 58(1), 187–194 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Agmon, B. Schrenk, J. Prat, and M. Nazarathy, “Polarization beamforming PON doubling bidirectional throughput,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(17), 2579–2585 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

2007 (1)

2004 (1)

G. L. Stuber, J. R. Barry, S. W. Mclaughlin, Y. Li, M. A. Ingram, and T. G. Pratt, “Broadband MIMO-OFDM wireless communications,” Proc. IEEE 92(2), 271–294 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Agmon, A.

Barry, J. R.

G. L. Stuber, J. R. Barry, S. W. Mclaughlin, Y. Li, M. A. Ingram, and T. G. Pratt, “Broadband MIMO-OFDM wireless communications,” Proc. IEEE 92(2), 271–294 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Buchali, F.

Caminos, J.

Chandrasekhar, S.

Chen, S.

Deng, L.

George, J.

Gnauck, A. H.

Higashino, T.

K. Tsukamoto, T. Nishiumi, T. Yamagami, T. Higashino, S. Komaki, R. Kubo, T. Taniguchi, J.-I. Kani, N. Yoshimoto, H. Kimura, and K. Iwatsuki, “Convergence of WDM access and ubiquitous antenna architecture for broadband wireless services,” PIERS Online 6(4), 385–389 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ingram, M. A.

G. L. Stuber, J. R. Barry, S. W. Mclaughlin, Y. Li, M. A. Ingram, and T. G. Pratt, “Broadband MIMO-OFDM wireless communications,” Proc. IEEE 92(2), 271–294 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Iwatsuki, K.

K. Tsukamoto, T. Nishiumi, T. Yamagami, T. Higashino, S. Komaki, R. Kubo, T. Taniguchi, J.-I. Kani, N. Yoshimoto, H. Kimura, and K. Iwatsuki, “Convergence of WDM access and ubiquitous antenna architecture for broadband wireless services,” PIERS Online 6(4), 385–389 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jansen, S. L.

Jensen, J. B.

Kani, J.-I.

K. Tsukamoto, T. Nishiumi, T. Yamagami, T. Higashino, S. Komaki, R. Kubo, T. Taniguchi, J.-I. Kani, N. Yoshimoto, H. Kimura, and K. Iwatsuki, “Convergence of WDM access and ubiquitous antenna architecture for broadband wireless services,” PIERS Online 6(4), 385–389 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, H.

K. Tsukamoto, T. Nishiumi, T. Yamagami, T. Higashino, S. Komaki, R. Kubo, T. Taniguchi, J.-I. Kani, N. Yoshimoto, H. Kimura, and K. Iwatsuki, “Convergence of WDM access and ubiquitous antenna architecture for broadband wireless services,” PIERS Online 6(4), 385–389 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kobyakov, A.

A. Kobyakov, M. Sauer, A. Ng’oma, and J. H. Winters, “Effect of optical loss and antenna separation in 2x2 MIMO fiber-radio systems,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 58(1), 187–194 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Sauer, A. Kobyakov, and J. George, “Radio over fiber for picocellular network architectures,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(11), 3301–3320 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Komaki, S.

K. Tsukamoto, T. Nishiumi, T. Yamagami, T. Higashino, S. Komaki, R. Kubo, T. Taniguchi, J.-I. Kani, N. Yoshimoto, H. Kimura, and K. Iwatsuki, “Convergence of WDM access and ubiquitous antenna architecture for broadband wireless services,” PIERS Online 6(4), 385–389 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kozuch, W.

Kubo, R.

K. Tsukamoto, T. Nishiumi, T. Yamagami, T. Higashino, S. Komaki, R. Kubo, T. Taniguchi, J.-I. Kani, N. Yoshimoto, H. Kimura, and K. Iwatsuki, “Convergence of WDM access and ubiquitous antenna architecture for broadband wireless services,” PIERS Online 6(4), 385–389 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

G. L. Stuber, J. R. Barry, S. W. Mclaughlin, Y. Li, M. A. Ingram, and T. G. Pratt, “Broadband MIMO-OFDM wireless communications,” Proc. IEEE 92(2), 271–294 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

Ma, Y.

Mclaughlin, S. W.

G. L. Stuber, J. R. Barry, S. W. Mclaughlin, Y. Li, M. A. Ingram, and T. G. Pratt, “Broadband MIMO-OFDM wireless communications,” Proc. IEEE 92(2), 271–294 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Monroy, I. T.

Morita, I.

Nazarathy, M.

Ng’oma, A.

A. Kobyakov, M. Sauer, A. Ng’oma, and J. H. Winters, “Effect of optical loss and antenna separation in 2x2 MIMO fiber-radio systems,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 58(1), 187–194 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nishiumi, T.

K. Tsukamoto, T. Nishiumi, T. Yamagami, T. Higashino, S. Komaki, R. Kubo, T. Taniguchi, J.-I. Kani, N. Yoshimoto, H. Kimura, and K. Iwatsuki, “Convergence of WDM access and ubiquitous antenna architecture for broadband wireless services,” PIERS Online 6(4), 385–389 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Othman, M. B.

Pang, X.

Peckham, D. W.

Prat, J.

Pratt, T. G.

G. L. Stuber, J. R. Barry, S. W. Mclaughlin, Y. Li, M. A. Ingram, and T. G. Pratt, “Broadband MIMO-OFDM wireless communications,” Proc. IEEE 92(2), 271–294 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Prince, K.

Sauer, M.

A. Kobyakov, M. Sauer, A. Ng’oma, and J. H. Winters, “Effect of optical loss and antenna separation in 2x2 MIMO fiber-radio systems,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 58(1), 187–194 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Sauer, A. Kobyakov, and J. George, “Radio over fiber for picocellular network architectures,” J. Lightwave Technol. 25(11), 3301–3320 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schenk, T. C.

Schrenk, B.

Shieh, W.

Stuber, G. L.

G. L. Stuber, J. R. Barry, S. W. Mclaughlin, Y. Li, M. A. Ingram, and T. G. Pratt, “Broadband MIMO-OFDM wireless communications,” Proc. IEEE 92(2), 271–294 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, H.

Taniguchi, T.

K. Tsukamoto, T. Nishiumi, T. Yamagami, T. Higashino, S. Komaki, R. Kubo, T. Taniguchi, J.-I. Kani, N. Yoshimoto, H. Kimura, and K. Iwatsuki, “Convergence of WDM access and ubiquitous antenna architecture for broadband wireless services,” PIERS Online 6(4), 385–389 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tsukamoto, K.

K. Tsukamoto, T. Nishiumi, T. Yamagami, T. Higashino, S. Komaki, R. Kubo, T. Taniguchi, J.-I. Kani, N. Yoshimoto, H. Kimura, and K. Iwatsuki, “Convergence of WDM access and ubiquitous antenna architecture for broadband wireless services,” PIERS Online 6(4), 385–389 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Winters, J. H.

A. Kobyakov, M. Sauer, A. Ng’oma, and J. H. Winters, “Effect of optical loss and antenna separation in 2x2 MIMO fiber-radio systems,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 58(1), 187–194 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Winzer, P. J.

Yamagami, T.

K. Tsukamoto, T. Nishiumi, T. Yamagami, T. Higashino, S. Komaki, R. Kubo, T. Taniguchi, J.-I. Kani, N. Yoshimoto, H. Kimura, and K. Iwatsuki, “Convergence of WDM access and ubiquitous antenna architecture for broadband wireless services,” PIERS Online 6(4), 385–389 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Q.

Yoshimoto, N.

K. Tsukamoto, T. Nishiumi, T. Yamagami, T. Higashino, S. Komaki, R. Kubo, T. Taniguchi, J.-I. Kani, N. Yoshimoto, H. Kimura, and K. Iwatsuki, “Convergence of WDM access and ubiquitous antenna architecture for broadband wireless services,” PIERS Online 6(4), 385–389 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yu, X.

Zhu, B.

IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. (1)

A. Kobyakov, M. Sauer, A. Ng’oma, and J. H. Winters, “Effect of optical loss and antenna separation in 2x2 MIMO fiber-radio systems,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 58(1), 187–194 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

J. Opt. Netw. (1)

Opt. Express (2)

PIERS Online (1)

K. Tsukamoto, T. Nishiumi, T. Yamagami, T. Higashino, S. Komaki, R. Kubo, T. Taniguchi, J.-I. Kani, N. Yoshimoto, H. Kimura, and K. Iwatsuki, “Convergence of WDM access and ubiquitous antenna architecture for broadband wireless services,” PIERS Online 6(4), 385–389 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE (1)

G. L. Stuber, J. R. Barry, S. W. Mclaughlin, Y. Li, M. A. Ingram, and T. G. Pratt, “Broadband MIMO-OFDM wireless communications,” Proc. IEEE 92(2), 271–294 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

W. Shieh and I. Djordjevic, OFDM for Optical Communications (Springer, 2009), Chap. 2.

M. B. Othman, L. Deng, X. Pang, J. Caminos, W. Kozuch, K. Prince, J. B. Jensen, and I. T. Monroy, “Directly-modulated VCSELs for 2x2 MIMO-OFDM radio over fiber in WDM-PON,” in 37th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2011 (2011), Paper We.10.P1.119.

S.-H. Fan, H.-C. Chien, A. Chowdhury, C. Liu, W. Jian, Y.-T. Hsueh, and G.-K. Chang, “A novel radio-over-fiber system using the xy-MIMO wireless technique for enhanced radio spectral efficiency,” in 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2010 (2010), Paper Th.9.B.1.

J. Zhang and G. de la Roche, Femtocells: Technologies and Deployment (Wiley, 2010), Chaps. 2, 4, 9.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The schematic scenario of in-home and in-building femtocell network system.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for the proposed PDM MIMO-OFDM system.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured BER performance of Pol-x and Pol-y singal in optical B2B case and 22.8 km SMF fiber transmission case.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured BER performance of PDM MIMO-OFDM signal wireless transmission with 22.8 km SMF fiber transmission.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured BER performance of 797 Mb/s QPSK MIMO-OFDM and 1.59 Gb/s 16-QAM MIMO-OFDM signal over 1 m air distance and 22.8 km SMF transmission.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

[ r x r y ]= H F [ cosθ sinθ sinθ cosθ ][ t x t y ],
[ r x r y ]= H MIMO H F [ cosθ sinθ sinθ cosθ ][ t x t y ]+[ n x n y ]=[ h xx h xy h yx h yy ][ t x t y ]+[ n x n y ].
[ R T x1 R T x2 R T y1 R T y2 ]=[ h xx h xy h yx h yy ][ T 1 0 0 T 2 ]+[ n x1 n x2 n y1 n y2 ],
[ h ˜ xx h ˜ xy h ˜ yx h ˜ yy ]=[ R T x1 T 1 R T x2 T 2 R T y1 T 1 R T y2 T 2 ]=[ h xx h xy h yx h yy ]+[ n x1 T 1 n x2 T 2 n y1 T 1 n y2 T 2 ].

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