Abstract

We investigate the scaling properties of mode-locked all-normal dispersion fiber oscillators in terms of output pulse energy and compressed pulse duration. Experimental results are achieved by stepwise variation of the resonator dispersion, total fiber length, and the spectral filter bandwidth. Adjustment of these parameters enables pulse duration scaling down to 31 fs and increase of output pulse energy up to 84 nJ.

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  1. F. Röser, D. Schimpf, O. Schmidt, B. Ortaç, K. Rademaker, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “90 W average power 100 microJ energy femtosecond fiber chirped-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Lett. 32(15), 2230–2232 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fiber technology,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 33–36 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Farsari and B. N. Chichkov, “Materials processing: Two-photon fabrication,” Nat. Photonics 3(8), 450–452 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Kaiser, B. Rethfeld, M. Vicanek, and G. Simon, “Microscopic processes in dielectrics under irradiation by subpicosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 61(17), 11437–11450 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, 1986), Chap. 7.
  6. F. W. Wise, A. Chong, and W. H. Renninger, “High-energy femtosecond fiber lasers based on pulse propagation at normal dispersion,” Laser Photonics Rev. 2(1-2), 58–73 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “Properties of normal-dispersion femtosecond fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 25, 140–148 (2007).
  8. A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “Route to the minimum pulse duration in normal-dispersion fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 33(22), 2638–2640 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. N. B. Chichkov, K. Hausmann, D. Wandt, U. Morgner, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, “50 fs pulses from an all-normal dispersion erbium fiber oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 35(18), 3081–3083 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. N. B. Chichkov, C. Hapke, K. Hausmann, T. Theeg, D. Wandt, U. Morgner, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, “0.5 µJ pulses from a giant-chirp ytterbium fiber oscillator,” Opt. Express 19(4), 3647–3650 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S. Lefrançois, K. Kieu, Y. Deng, J. D. Kafka, and F. W. Wise, “Scaling of dissipative soliton fiber lasers to megawatt peak powers by use of large-area photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 35(10), 1569–1571 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. B. Ortaç, M. Baumgartl, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Approaching microjoule-level pulse energy with mode-locked femtosecond fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 34(10), 1585–1587 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. Baumgartl, B. Ortaç, C. Lecaplain, A. Hideur, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Sub-80 fs dissipative soliton large-mode-area fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 35(13), 2311–2313 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. Baumgartl, F. Jansen, F. Stutzki, C. Jauregui, B. Ortaç, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High average and peak power femtosecond large-pitch photonic-crystal-fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(2), 244–246 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. G. I. Barenblatt, Scaling, Self-Similarity, and Intermediate Asymptotics (Cambridge U. Press, 1996), Chap. 1.
  16. M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(26), 6010–6013 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. G. P. Agrawal, Scaling, Nonlinear fiber optics 4th Edition (Academic Press, 2007).
  18. A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 71(5), 053809 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  19. D. von der Linde, “Characterization of the noise in continuously operating mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 39(4), 201–217 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  20. L. E. Hooper, P. J. Mosley, A. C. Muir, W. J. Wadsworth, and J. C. Knight, “Coherent supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber with all-normal group velocity dispersion,” Opt. Express 19(6), 4902–4907 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

2010 (4)

2009 (2)

2008 (2)

F. W. Wise, A. Chong, and W. H. Renninger, “High-energy femtosecond fiber lasers based on pulse propagation at normal dispersion,” Laser Photonics Rev. 2(1-2), 58–73 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “Route to the minimum pulse duration in normal-dispersion fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 33(22), 2638–2640 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

2005 (1)

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 71(5), 053809 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(26), 6010–6013 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kaiser, B. Rethfeld, M. Vicanek, and G. Simon, “Microscopic processes in dielectrics under irradiation by subpicosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 61(17), 11437–11450 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

D. von der Linde, “Characterization of the noise in continuously operating mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 39(4), 201–217 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Baumgartl, M.

Chichkov, B. N.

M. Farsari and B. N. Chichkov, “Materials processing: Two-photon fabrication,” Nat. Photonics 3(8), 450–452 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chichkov, N. B.

Chong, A.

F. W. Wise, A. Chong, and W. H. Renninger, “High-energy femtosecond fiber lasers based on pulse propagation at normal dispersion,” Laser Photonics Rev. 2(1-2), 58–73 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “Route to the minimum pulse duration in normal-dispersion fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 33(22), 2638–2640 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “Properties of normal-dispersion femtosecond fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 25, 140–148 (2007).

Deng, Y.

Dudley, J. M.

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(26), 6010–6013 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eggert, S.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fiber technology,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Farsari, M.

M. Farsari and B. N. Chichkov, “Materials processing: Two-photon fabrication,” Nat. Photonics 3(8), 450–452 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fermann, M. E.

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(26), 6010–6013 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hanke, T.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fiber technology,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hapke, C.

Harvey, J. D.

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(26), 6010–6013 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hausmann, K.

Hideur, A.

Hooper, L. E.

Huber, R.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fiber technology,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jansen, F.

Jauregui, C.

Kafka, J. D.

Kaiser, A.

A. Kaiser, B. Rethfeld, M. Vicanek, and G. Simon, “Microscopic processes in dielectrics under irradiation by subpicosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 61(17), 11437–11450 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kieu, K.

Knight, J. C.

Komarov, A.

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 71(5), 053809 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kracht, D.

Krauss, G.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fiber technology,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kruglov, V. I.

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(26), 6010–6013 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leblond, H.

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 71(5), 053809 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lecaplain, C.

Lefrançois, S.

Leitenstorfer, A.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fiber technology,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Limpert, J.

Lohss, S.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fiber technology,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Morgner, U.

Mosley, P. J.

Muir, A. C.

Neumann, J.

Ortaç, B.

Rademaker, K.

Renninger, W. H.

A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “Route to the minimum pulse duration in normal-dispersion fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 33(22), 2638–2640 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. W. Wise, A. Chong, and W. H. Renninger, “High-energy femtosecond fiber lasers based on pulse propagation at normal dispersion,” Laser Photonics Rev. 2(1-2), 58–73 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “Properties of normal-dispersion femtosecond fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 25, 140–148 (2007).

Rethfeld, B.

A. Kaiser, B. Rethfeld, M. Vicanek, and G. Simon, “Microscopic processes in dielectrics under irradiation by subpicosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 61(17), 11437–11450 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Röser, F.

Sanchez, F.

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 71(5), 053809 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schimpf, D.

Schmidt, O.

Sell, A.

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fiber technology,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Simon, G.

A. Kaiser, B. Rethfeld, M. Vicanek, and G. Simon, “Microscopic processes in dielectrics under irradiation by subpicosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 61(17), 11437–11450 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Stutzki, F.

Theeg, T.

Thomsen, B. C.

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(26), 6010–6013 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tünnermann, A.

Vicanek, M.

A. Kaiser, B. Rethfeld, M. Vicanek, and G. Simon, “Microscopic processes in dielectrics under irradiation by subpicosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 61(17), 11437–11450 (2000).
[CrossRef]

von der Linde, D.

D. von der Linde, “Characterization of the noise in continuously operating mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 39(4), 201–217 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Wadsworth, W. J.

Wandt, D.

Wise, F. W.

S. Lefrançois, K. Kieu, Y. Deng, J. D. Kafka, and F. W. Wise, “Scaling of dissipative soliton fiber lasers to megawatt peak powers by use of large-area photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 35(10), 1569–1571 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “Route to the minimum pulse duration in normal-dispersion fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 33(22), 2638–2640 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. W. Wise, A. Chong, and W. H. Renninger, “High-energy femtosecond fiber lasers based on pulse propagation at normal dispersion,” Laser Photonics Rev. 2(1-2), 58–73 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “Properties of normal-dispersion femtosecond fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 25, 140–148 (2007).

Appl. Phys. B (1)

D. von der Linde, “Characterization of the noise in continuously operating mode-locked lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 39(4), 201–217 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “Properties of normal-dispersion femtosecond fiber lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 25, 140–148 (2007).

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

F. W. Wise, A. Chong, and W. H. Renninger, “High-energy femtosecond fiber lasers based on pulse propagation at normal dispersion,” Laser Photonics Rev. 2(1-2), 58–73 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (2)

G. Krauss, S. Lohss, T. Hanke, A. Sell, S. Eggert, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Synthesis of a single cycle of light with compact erbium-doped fiber technology,” Nat. Photonics 4(1), 33–36 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Farsari and B. N. Chichkov, “Materials processing: Two-photon fabrication,” Nat. Photonics 3(8), 450–452 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (7)

F. Röser, D. Schimpf, O. Schmidt, B. Ortaç, K. Rademaker, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “90 W average power 100 microJ energy femtosecond fiber chirped-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Lett. 32(15), 2230–2232 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, and F. W. Wise, “Route to the minimum pulse duration in normal-dispersion fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 33(22), 2638–2640 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Ortaç, M. Baumgartl, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Approaching microjoule-level pulse energy with mode-locked femtosecond fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 34(10), 1585–1587 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Lefrançois, K. Kieu, Y. Deng, J. D. Kafka, and F. W. Wise, “Scaling of dissipative soliton fiber lasers to megawatt peak powers by use of large-area photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 35(10), 1569–1571 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Baumgartl, B. Ortaç, C. Lecaplain, A. Hideur, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Sub-80 fs dissipative soliton large-mode-area fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 35(13), 2311–2313 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. B. Chichkov, K. Hausmann, D. Wandt, U. Morgner, J. Neumann, and D. Kracht, “50 fs pulses from an all-normal dispersion erbium fiber oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 35(18), 3081–3083 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Baumgartl, F. Jansen, F. Stutzki, C. Jauregui, B. Ortaç, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High average and peak power femtosecond large-pitch photonic-crystal-fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(2), 244–246 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

A. Komarov, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Multistability and hysteresis phenomena in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 71(5), 053809 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

A. Kaiser, B. Rethfeld, M. Vicanek, and G. Simon, “Microscopic processes in dielectrics under irradiation by subpicosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. B 61(17), 11437–11450 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

M. E. Fermann, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. M. Dudley, and J. D. Harvey, “Self-similar propagation and amplification of parabolic pulses in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(26), 6010–6013 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

G. P. Agrawal, Scaling, Nonlinear fiber optics 4th Edition (Academic Press, 2007).

G. I. Barenblatt, Scaling, Self-Similarity, and Intermediate Asymptotics (Cambridge U. Press, 1996), Chap. 1.

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, 1986), Chap. 7.

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