Abstract

In an optically synchronized short-pulse optical-parametric chirped-pulse amplification (OPCPA) system, we observe a few-100 fs-scale timing jitter. With an active timing stabilization system slow fluctuations are removed and the timing jitter can be reduced to 100 fs standard deviation (Std). As the main source for the timing fluctuations we could identify air turbulence in the stretcher-compressor setup inside the chirped pulse amplification (CPA) pump chain. This observation is supported by theoretical investigation of group delay changes for angular deviations occurring between the parallel gratings of a compressor or stretcher, as they can be introduced by air turbulence.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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2011 (2)

2010 (1)

2009 (4)

Q. Hao, W. Li, and H. Zeng, “High-power Yb-doped fiber amplification synchronized with a few-cycle Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Express 17, 5815–5821 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zs. Major, S. A. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. A. Fülöp, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. Hörlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Basic concepts and current status of the petawatt field synthesizer-a new approach to ultrahigh field generation,” Rev. Laser Eng. 37, 431–436 (2009).

I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Zs. Major, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, V. Pervak, A. Popp, M. Siebold, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Frontend light source for short-pulse pumped OPCPA system,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 529–536 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Herrmann, L. Veisz, R. Tautz, F. Tavella, K. Schmid, V. Pervak, and F. Krausz, “Generation of sub-threecycle, 16 TW light pulses by using noncollinear optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2459–2461 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

V. V. Lozhkarev, G. I. Freidman, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Malshakov, M. A. Martyanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, A. M. Sergeev, A. A. Shaykin, and I. V. Yakovlev, “Compact 0.56 petawatt laser system based on optical parametric chirped pulse amplification in KD*P crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 421–427 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Adler, A. Sell, F. Sotier, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Attosecond relative timing jitter and 13 fs tunable pulses from a two-branch Er:fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 32, 3504–3506 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

2004 (1)

2000 (4)

P. Dietrich, F. Krausz, and P. B. Corkum, “Determining the absolute carrier phase of a few-cycle laser pulse,” Opt. Lett. 25, 16–18 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. S. Banks, M. D. Perry, V. Yanovsky, S. N. Fochs, B. C. Stuart, and J. Zweiback, “Novel all-reflective stretcher for chirped-pulse amplification of ultrashort pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 268–274 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Miura, K. Kobayashi, K. Takasago, Z. Zhang, K. Torizuka, and F. Kannari, “Timing jitter in a kilohertz regenerative amplifier of a femtosecond-pulse Ti:Al2O3 laser,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1795–1797 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. Pretzler, A. Kasper, and K. J. Witte, “Angular chirp and tilted light pulses in CPA lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 1–9 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

O. E. Martinez, “3000 times grating compressor with positive group velocity dispersion: application to fiber compensation in 1.3 – 1.6μm region,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 59–64 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 55, 447–449 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

E. Treacy, “Optical pulse compression with diffraction gratings,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 454–458 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Adler, F.

Ahmad, I.

I. Ahmad, L Berge, Zs. Major, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, and S. A. Trushin, “Redshift of few-cycle infrared pulses in the filamentation regime,” New J. Phys. 13, 093005 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Klingebiel, Chr. Wandt, C. Skrobol, I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Zs. Major, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “High energy picosecond Yb:YAG CPA system at 10 Hz repetition rate for pumping optical parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Express 19, 5357–5363 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zs. Major, S. A. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. A. Fülöp, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. Hörlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Basic concepts and current status of the petawatt field synthesizer-a new approach to ultrahigh field generation,” Rev. Laser Eng. 37, 431–436 (2009).

I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Zs. Major, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, V. Pervak, A. Popp, M. Siebold, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Frontend light source for short-pulse pumped OPCPA system,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 529–536 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Karsch, Zs. Major, J. Fülöp, I. Ahmad, T. Wang, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, M. Siebold, J. Hein, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, J. Osterhoff, R. Hörlein, and F. Krausz, “The petawatt field synthesizer: a new approach to ultrahigh field generation,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper WF1.

Apolonski, A.

Zs. Major, S. A. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. A. Fülöp, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. Hörlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Basic concepts and current status of the petawatt field synthesizer-a new approach to ultrahigh field generation,” Rev. Laser Eng. 37, 431–436 (2009).

Arisholm, G.

Baltuska, A.

Banks, P. S.

P. S. Banks, M. D. Perry, V. Yanovsky, S. N. Fochs, B. C. Stuart, and J. Zweiback, “Novel all-reflective stretcher for chirped-pulse amplification of ultrashort pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 268–274 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bates, P. K.

Berge, L

I. Ahmad, L Berge, Zs. Major, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, and S. A. Trushin, “Redshift of few-cycle infrared pulses in the filamentation regime,” New J. Phys. 13, 093005 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Biegert, J.

Butkus, R.

Cardoso, L.

Chekhlov, O. V.

Collier, J. L.

Corkum, P. B.

Danielius, R.

Danson, C. N.

Dietrich, P.

Fochs, S. N.

P. S. Banks, M. D. Perry, V. Yanovsky, S. N. Fochs, B. C. Stuart, and J. Zweiback, “Novel all-reflective stretcher for chirped-pulse amplification of ultrashort pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 268–274 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Freidman, G. I.

V. V. Lozhkarev, G. I. Freidman, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Malshakov, M. A. Martyanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, A. M. Sergeev, A. A. Shaykin, and I. V. Yakovlev, “Compact 0.56 petawatt laser system based on optical parametric chirped pulse amplification in KD*P crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 421–427 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fuji, T.

Fülöp, J.

S. Karsch, Zs. Major, J. Fülöp, I. Ahmad, T. Wang, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, M. Siebold, J. Hein, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, J. Osterhoff, R. Hörlein, and F. Krausz, “The petawatt field synthesizer: a new approach to ultrahigh field generation,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper WF1.

Fülöp, J. A.

Zs. Major, S. A. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. A. Fülöp, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. Hörlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Basic concepts and current status of the petawatt field synthesizer-a new approach to ultrahigh field generation,” Rev. Laser Eng. 37, 431–436 (2009).

Ginzburg, V. N.

V. V. Lozhkarev, G. I. Freidman, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Malshakov, M. A. Martyanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, A. M. Sergeev, A. A. Shaykin, and I. V. Yakovlev, “Compact 0.56 petawatt laser system based on optical parametric chirped pulse amplification in KD*P crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 421–427 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hancock, S.

Hao, Q.

Hauri, C. P.

Hein, J.

Zs. Major, S. A. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. A. Fülöp, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. Hörlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Basic concepts and current status of the petawatt field synthesizer-a new approach to ultrahigh field generation,” Rev. Laser Eng. 37, 431–436 (2009).

S. Karsch, Zs. Major, J. Fülöp, I. Ahmad, T. Wang, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, M. Siebold, J. Hein, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, J. Osterhoff, R. Hörlein, and F. Krausz, “The petawatt field synthesizer: a new approach to ultrahigh field generation,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper WF1.

Henig, A.

Zs. Major, S. A. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. A. Fülöp, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. Hörlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Basic concepts and current status of the petawatt field synthesizer-a new approach to ultrahigh field generation,” Rev. Laser Eng. 37, 431–436 (2009).

S. Karsch, Zs. Major, J. Fülöp, I. Ahmad, T. Wang, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, M. Siebold, J. Hein, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, J. Osterhoff, R. Hörlein, and F. Krausz, “The petawatt field synthesizer: a new approach to ultrahigh field generation,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper WF1.

Hernandez-Gomez, C.

Herrmann, D.

Holzwarth, R.

Hörlein, R.

Zs. Major, S. A. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. A. Fülöp, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. Hörlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Basic concepts and current status of the petawatt field synthesizer-a new approach to ultrahigh field generation,” Rev. Laser Eng. 37, 431–436 (2009).

S. Karsch, Zs. Major, J. Fülöp, I. Ahmad, T. Wang, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, M. Siebold, J. Hein, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, J. Osterhoff, R. Hörlein, and F. Krausz, “The petawatt field synthesizer: a new approach to ultrahigh field generation,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper WF1.

Huber, R.

Ishii, N.

Kannari, F.

Karsch, S.

I. Ahmad, L Berge, Zs. Major, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, and S. A. Trushin, “Redshift of few-cycle infrared pulses in the filamentation regime,” New J. Phys. 13, 093005 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Klingebiel, Chr. Wandt, C. Skrobol, I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Zs. Major, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “High energy picosecond Yb:YAG CPA system at 10 Hz repetition rate for pumping optical parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Express 19, 5357–5363 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zs. Major, S. A. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. A. Fülöp, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. Hörlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Basic concepts and current status of the petawatt field synthesizer-a new approach to ultrahigh field generation,” Rev. Laser Eng. 37, 431–436 (2009).

I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Zs. Major, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, V. Pervak, A. Popp, M. Siebold, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Frontend light source for short-pulse pumped OPCPA system,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 529–536 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Karsch, Zs. Major, J. Fülöp, I. Ahmad, T. Wang, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, M. Siebold, J. Hein, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, J. Osterhoff, R. Hörlein, and F. Krausz, “The petawatt field synthesizer: a new approach to ultrahigh field generation,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper WF1.

Kasper, A.

G. Pretzler, A. Kasper, and K. J. Witte, “Angular chirp and tilted light pulses in CPA lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 1–9 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Katin, E. V.

V. V. Lozhkarev, G. I. Freidman, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Malshakov, M. A. Martyanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, A. M. Sergeev, A. A. Shaykin, and I. V. Yakovlev, “Compact 0.56 petawatt laser system based on optical parametric chirped pulse amplification in KD*P crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 421–427 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

Khazanov, E. A.

V. V. Lozhkarev, G. I. Freidman, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Malshakov, M. A. Martyanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, A. M. Sergeev, A. A. Shaykin, and I. V. Yakovlev, “Compact 0.56 petawatt laser system based on optical parametric chirped pulse amplification in KD*P crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 421–427 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kirsanov, A. V.

V. V. Lozhkarev, G. I. Freidman, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Malshakov, M. A. Martyanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, A. M. Sergeev, A. A. Shaykin, and I. V. Yakovlev, “Compact 0.56 petawatt laser system based on optical parametric chirped pulse amplification in KD*P crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 421–427 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Klingebiel, S.

S. Klingebiel, Chr. Wandt, C. Skrobol, I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Zs. Major, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “High energy picosecond Yb:YAG CPA system at 10 Hz repetition rate for pumping optical parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Express 19, 5357–5363 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Zs. Major, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, V. Pervak, A. Popp, M. Siebold, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Frontend light source for short-pulse pumped OPCPA system,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 529–536 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zs. Major, S. A. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. A. Fülöp, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. Hörlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Basic concepts and current status of the petawatt field synthesizer-a new approach to ultrahigh field generation,” Rev. Laser Eng. 37, 431–436 (2009).

S. Karsch, Zs. Major, J. Fülöp, I. Ahmad, T. Wang, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, M. Siebold, J. Hein, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, J. Osterhoff, R. Hörlein, and F. Krausz, “The petawatt field synthesizer: a new approach to ultrahigh field generation,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper WF1.

Kobayashi, K.

Kobayashi, Y.

Köhler, S.

Krausz, F.

I. Ahmad, L Berge, Zs. Major, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, and S. A. Trushin, “Redshift of few-cycle infrared pulses in the filamentation regime,” New J. Phys. 13, 093005 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Klingebiel, Chr. Wandt, C. Skrobol, I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Zs. Major, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “High energy picosecond Yb:YAG CPA system at 10 Hz repetition rate for pumping optical parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Express 19, 5357–5363 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Zs. Major, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, V. Pervak, A. Popp, M. Siebold, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Frontend light source for short-pulse pumped OPCPA system,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 529–536 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zs. Major, S. A. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. A. Fülöp, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. Hörlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Basic concepts and current status of the petawatt field synthesizer-a new approach to ultrahigh field generation,” Rev. Laser Eng. 37, 431–436 (2009).

D. Herrmann, L. Veisz, R. Tautz, F. Tavella, K. Schmid, V. Pervak, and F. Krausz, “Generation of sub-threecycle, 16 TW light pulses by using noncollinear optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2459–2461 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Ishii, L. Turi, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Fuji, F. Krausz, A. Baltuska, R. Butkus, G. Veitas, V. Smilgevicius, R. Danielius, and A. Piskarskas, “Multimillijoule chirped parametric amplification of few-cycle pulses,” Opt. Lett. 30(5), 567–569 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Y. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, S. Köhler, R. Holzwarth, A. Baltuska, A. M. Zheltikov, and F. Krausz, “Soliton-based pump-seed synchronization for few-cycle OPCPA,” Opt. Express 13(17), 6550–6557 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Dietrich, F. Krausz, and P. B. Corkum, “Determining the absolute carrier phase of a few-cycle laser pulse,” Opt. Lett. 25, 16–18 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Karsch, Zs. Major, J. Fülöp, I. Ahmad, T. Wang, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, M. Siebold, J. Hein, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, J. Osterhoff, R. Hörlein, and F. Krausz, “The petawatt field synthesizer: a new approach to ultrahigh field generation,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper WF1.

Kruber, S.

Zs. Major, S. A. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. A. Fülöp, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. Hörlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Basic concepts and current status of the petawatt field synthesizer-a new approach to ultrahigh field generation,” Rev. Laser Eng. 37, 431–436 (2009).

S. Karsch, Zs. Major, J. Fülöp, I. Ahmad, T. Wang, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, M. Siebold, J. Hein, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, J. Osterhoff, R. Hörlein, and F. Krausz, “The petawatt field synthesizer: a new approach to ultrahigh field generation,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper WF1.

Leitenstorfer, A.

Li, W.

Lozhkarev, V. V.

V. V. Lozhkarev, G. I. Freidman, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Malshakov, M. A. Martyanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, A. M. Sergeev, A. A. Shaykin, and I. V. Yakovlev, “Compact 0.56 petawatt laser system based on optical parametric chirped pulse amplification in KD*P crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 421–427 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Luchinin, G. A.

V. V. Lozhkarev, G. I. Freidman, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Malshakov, M. A. Martyanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, A. M. Sergeev, A. A. Shaykin, and I. V. Yakovlev, “Compact 0.56 petawatt laser system based on optical parametric chirped pulse amplification in KD*P crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 421–427 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Major, Zs.

I. Ahmad, L Berge, Zs. Major, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, and S. A. Trushin, “Redshift of few-cycle infrared pulses in the filamentation regime,” New J. Phys. 13, 093005 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Klingebiel, Chr. Wandt, C. Skrobol, I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Zs. Major, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “High energy picosecond Yb:YAG CPA system at 10 Hz repetition rate for pumping optical parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Express 19, 5357–5363 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zs. Major, S. A. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. A. Fülöp, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. Hörlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Basic concepts and current status of the petawatt field synthesizer-a new approach to ultrahigh field generation,” Rev. Laser Eng. 37, 431–436 (2009).

I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Zs. Major, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, V. Pervak, A. Popp, M. Siebold, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Frontend light source for short-pulse pumped OPCPA system,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 529–536 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Karsch, Zs. Major, J. Fülöp, I. Ahmad, T. Wang, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, M. Siebold, J. Hein, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, J. Osterhoff, R. Hörlein, and F. Krausz, “The petawatt field synthesizer: a new approach to ultrahigh field generation,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper WF1.

Malshakov, A. N.

V. V. Lozhkarev, G. I. Freidman, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Malshakov, M. A. Martyanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, A. M. Sergeev, A. A. Shaykin, and I. V. Yakovlev, “Compact 0.56 petawatt laser system based on optical parametric chirped pulse amplification in KD*P crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 421–427 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Martinez, O. E.

O. E. Martinez, “3000 times grating compressor with positive group velocity dispersion: application to fiber compensation in 1.3 – 1.6μm region,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 59–64 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Martyanov, M. A.

V. V. Lozhkarev, G. I. Freidman, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Malshakov, M. A. Martyanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, A. M. Sergeev, A. A. Shaykin, and I. V. Yakovlev, “Compact 0.56 petawatt laser system based on optical parametric chirped pulse amplification in KD*P crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 421–427 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Matousek, P.

Metzger, T.

Miura, T.

Mourou, G.

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 55, 447–449 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Neely, D.

Notley, M.

Osterhoff, J.

Zs. Major, S. A. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. A. Fülöp, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. Hörlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Basic concepts and current status of the petawatt field synthesizer-a new approach to ultrahigh field generation,” Rev. Laser Eng. 37, 431–436 (2009).

S. Karsch, Zs. Major, J. Fülöp, I. Ahmad, T. Wang, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, M. Siebold, J. Hein, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, J. Osterhoff, R. Hörlein, and F. Krausz, “The petawatt field synthesizer: a new approach to ultrahigh field generation,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper WF1.

Palashov, O. V.

V. V. Lozhkarev, G. I. Freidman, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Malshakov, M. A. Martyanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, A. M. Sergeev, A. A. Shaykin, and I. V. Yakovlev, “Compact 0.56 petawatt laser system based on optical parametric chirped pulse amplification in KD*P crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 421–427 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Perry, M. D.

P. S. Banks, M. D. Perry, V. Yanovsky, S. N. Fochs, B. C. Stuart, and J. Zweiback, “Novel all-reflective stretcher for chirped-pulse amplification of ultrashort pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 268–274 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pervak, V.

I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Zs. Major, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, V. Pervak, A. Popp, M. Siebold, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Frontend light source for short-pulse pumped OPCPA system,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 529–536 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Herrmann, L. Veisz, R. Tautz, F. Tavella, K. Schmid, V. Pervak, and F. Krausz, “Generation of sub-threecycle, 16 TW light pulses by using noncollinear optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 34, 2459–2461 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zs. Major, S. A. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. A. Fülöp, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. Hörlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Basic concepts and current status of the petawatt field synthesizer-a new approach to ultrahigh field generation,” Rev. Laser Eng. 37, 431–436 (2009).

Piskarskas, A.

Popp, A.

I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Zs. Major, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, V. Pervak, A. Popp, M. Siebold, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Frontend light source for short-pulse pumped OPCPA system,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 529–536 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zs. Major, S. A. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. A. Fülöp, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. Hörlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Basic concepts and current status of the petawatt field synthesizer-a new approach to ultrahigh field generation,” Rev. Laser Eng. 37, 431–436 (2009).

Poteomkin, A. K.

V. V. Lozhkarev, G. I. Freidman, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Malshakov, M. A. Martyanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, A. M. Sergeev, A. A. Shaykin, and I. V. Yakovlev, “Compact 0.56 petawatt laser system based on optical parametric chirped pulse amplification in KD*P crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 421–427 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Pretzler, G.

G. Pretzler, A. Kasper, and K. J. Witte, “Angular chirp and tilted light pulses in CPA lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 1–9 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ross, I. N.

Schlup, P.

Schmid, K.

Sell, A.

Sergeev, A. M.

V. V. Lozhkarev, G. I. Freidman, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Malshakov, M. A. Martyanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, A. M. Sergeev, A. A. Shaykin, and I. V. Yakovlev, “Compact 0.56 petawatt laser system based on optical parametric chirped pulse amplification in KD*P crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 421–427 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shaikh, W.

Shaykin, A. A.

V. V. Lozhkarev, G. I. Freidman, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Malshakov, M. A. Martyanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, A. M. Sergeev, A. A. Shaykin, and I. V. Yakovlev, “Compact 0.56 petawatt laser system based on optical parametric chirped pulse amplification in KD*P crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 421–427 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Siebold, M.

Zs. Major, S. A. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. A. Fülöp, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. Hörlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Basic concepts and current status of the petawatt field synthesizer-a new approach to ultrahigh field generation,” Rev. Laser Eng. 37, 431–436 (2009).

I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Zs. Major, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, V. Pervak, A. Popp, M. Siebold, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Frontend light source for short-pulse pumped OPCPA system,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 529–536 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Karsch, Zs. Major, J. Fülöp, I. Ahmad, T. Wang, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, M. Siebold, J. Hein, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, J. Osterhoff, R. Hörlein, and F. Krausz, “The petawatt field synthesizer: a new approach to ultrahigh field generation,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper WF1.

Skrobol, C.

Smilgevicius, V.

Sotier, F.

Strickland, D.

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 55, 447–449 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Stuart, B. C.

P. S. Banks, M. D. Perry, V. Yanovsky, S. N. Fochs, B. C. Stuart, and J. Zweiback, “Novel all-reflective stretcher for chirped-pulse amplification of ultrashort pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 268–274 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Takada, H.

Takasago, K.

Tautz, R.

Tavella, F.

Teisset, C. Y.

Torizuka, K.

Treacy, E.

E. Treacy, “Optical pulse compression with diffraction gratings,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 454–458 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Trushin, S. A.

I. Ahmad, L Berge, Zs. Major, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, and S. A. Trushin, “Redshift of few-cycle infrared pulses in the filamentation regime,” New J. Phys. 13, 093005 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Klingebiel, Chr. Wandt, C. Skrobol, I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Zs. Major, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “High energy picosecond Yb:YAG CPA system at 10 Hz repetition rate for pumping optical parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Express 19, 5357–5363 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Zs. Major, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, V. Pervak, A. Popp, M. Siebold, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Frontend light source for short-pulse pumped OPCPA system,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 529–536 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zs. Major, S. A. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. A. Fülöp, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. Hörlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Basic concepts and current status of the petawatt field synthesizer-a new approach to ultrahigh field generation,” Rev. Laser Eng. 37, 431–436 (2009).

Turi, L.

Veisz, L.

Veitas, G.

Wandt, Chr.

S. Klingebiel, Chr. Wandt, C. Skrobol, I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Zs. Major, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “High energy picosecond Yb:YAG CPA system at 10 Hz repetition rate for pumping optical parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Express 19, 5357–5363 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zs. Major, S. A. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. A. Fülöp, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. Hörlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Basic concepts and current status of the petawatt field synthesizer-a new approach to ultrahigh field generation,” Rev. Laser Eng. 37, 431–436 (2009).

I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Zs. Major, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, V. Pervak, A. Popp, M. Siebold, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Frontend light source for short-pulse pumped OPCPA system,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 529–536 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Karsch, Zs. Major, J. Fülöp, I. Ahmad, T. Wang, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, M. Siebold, J. Hein, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, J. Osterhoff, R. Hörlein, and F. Krausz, “The petawatt field synthesizer: a new approach to ultrahigh field generation,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper WF1.

Wang, T.

S. Karsch, Zs. Major, J. Fülöp, I. Ahmad, T. Wang, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, M. Siebold, J. Hein, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, J. Osterhoff, R. Hörlein, and F. Krausz, “The petawatt field synthesizer: a new approach to ultrahigh field generation,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper WF1.

Wang, T.-J.

Zs. Major, S. A. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. A. Fülöp, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. Hörlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Basic concepts and current status of the petawatt field synthesizer-a new approach to ultrahigh field generation,” Rev. Laser Eng. 37, 431–436 (2009).

I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Zs. Major, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, V. Pervak, A. Popp, M. Siebold, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Frontend light source for short-pulse pumped OPCPA system,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 529–536 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Weingartner, R.

Zs. Major, S. A. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. A. Fülöp, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. Hörlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Basic concepts and current status of the petawatt field synthesizer-a new approach to ultrahigh field generation,” Rev. Laser Eng. 37, 431–436 (2009).

S. Karsch, Zs. Major, J. Fülöp, I. Ahmad, T. Wang, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, M. Siebold, J. Hein, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, J. Osterhoff, R. Hörlein, and F. Krausz, “The petawatt field synthesizer: a new approach to ultrahigh field generation,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper WF1.

Witte, K. J.

G. Pretzler, A. Kasper, and K. J. Witte, “Angular chirp and tilted light pulses in CPA lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 1–9 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yakovlev, I. V.

V. V. Lozhkarev, G. I. Freidman, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Malshakov, M. A. Martyanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, A. M. Sergeev, A. A. Shaykin, and I. V. Yakovlev, “Compact 0.56 petawatt laser system based on optical parametric chirped pulse amplification in KD*P crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 421–427 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yakovlev, V. S.

Yanovsky, V.

P. S. Banks, M. D. Perry, V. Yanovsky, S. N. Fochs, B. C. Stuart, and J. Zweiback, “Novel all-reflective stretcher for chirped-pulse amplification of ultrashort pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 268–274 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yoshitomi, D.

Zeng, H.

Zhang, Z.

Zheltikov, A. M.

Zhou, X.

Zweiback, J.

P. S. Banks, M. D. Perry, V. Yanovsky, S. N. Fochs, B. C. Stuart, and J. Zweiback, “Novel all-reflective stretcher for chirped-pulse amplification of ultrashort pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 268–274 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

I. Ahmad, S. A. Trushin, Zs. Major, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, V. Pervak, A. Popp, M. Siebold, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Frontend light source for short-pulse pumped OPCPA system,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 529–536 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Pretzler, A. Kasper, and K. J. Witte, “Angular chirp and tilted light pulses in CPA lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 1–9 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

O. E. Martinez, “3000 times grating compressor with positive group velocity dispersion: application to fiber compensation in 1.3 – 1.6μm region,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 59–64 (1987).
[CrossRef]

E. Treacy, “Optical pulse compression with diffraction gratings,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 5, 454–458 (1969).
[CrossRef]

P. S. Banks, M. D. Perry, V. Yanovsky, S. N. Fochs, B. C. Stuart, and J. Zweiback, “Novel all-reflective stretcher for chirped-pulse amplification of ultrashort pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 268–274 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

V. V. Lozhkarev, G. I. Freidman, V. N. Ginzburg, E. V. Katin, E. A. Khazanov, A. V. Kirsanov, G. A. Luchinin, A. N. Malshakov, M. A. Martyanov, O. V. Palashov, A. K. Poteomkin, A. M. Sergeev, A. A. Shaykin, and I. V. Yakovlev, “Compact 0.56 petawatt laser system based on optical parametric chirped pulse amplification in KD*P crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4, 421–427 (2007).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (1)

I. Ahmad, L Berge, Zs. Major, F. Krausz, S. Karsch, and S. A. Trushin, “Redshift of few-cycle infrared pulses in the filamentation regime,” New J. Phys. 13, 093005 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. Strickland and G. Mourou, “Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses,” Opt. Commun. 55, 447–449 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (7)

F. Adler, A. Sell, F. Sotier, R. Huber, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Attosecond relative timing jitter and 13 fs tunable pulses from a two-branch Er:fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 32, 3504–3506 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. V. Chekhlov, J. L. Collier, I. N. Ross, P. K. Bates, M. Notley, C. Hernandez-Gomez, W. Shaikh, C. N. Danson, D. Neely, P. Matousek, S. Hancock, and L. Cardoso, “35 J broadband femtosecond optical parametric chirped pulse amplification system,” Opt. Lett. 31, 3665–3667 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Miura, K. Kobayashi, K. Takasago, Z. Zhang, K. Torizuka, and F. Kannari, “Timing jitter in a kilohertz regenerative amplifier of a femtosecond-pulse Ti:Al2O3 laser,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1795–1797 (2000).
[CrossRef]

N. Ishii, L. Turi, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Fuji, F. Krausz, A. Baltuska, R. Butkus, G. Veitas, V. Smilgevicius, R. Danielius, and A. Piskarskas, “Multimillijoule chirped parametric amplification of few-cycle pulses,” Opt. Lett. 30(5), 567–569 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Hauri, P. Schlup, G. Arisholm, J. Biegert, and U. Keller, “Phase-preserving chirped-pulse optical parametric amplification to 17.3 fs directly from a Ti:sapphire oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 29(12), 1369–1371 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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[CrossRef]

Rev. Laser Eng. (1)

Zs. Major, S. A. Trushin, I. Ahmad, M. Siebold, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, T.-J. Wang, J. A. Fülöp, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, A. Popp, J. Osterhoff, R. Hörlein, J. Hein, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, and S. Karsch, “Basic concepts and current status of the petawatt field synthesizer-a new approach to ultrahigh field generation,” Rev. Laser Eng. 37, 431–436 (2009).

Other (1)

S. Karsch, Zs. Major, J. Fülöp, I. Ahmad, T. Wang, A. Henig, S. Kruber, R. Weingartner, M. Siebold, J. Hein, Chr. Wandt, S. Klingebiel, J. Osterhoff, R. Hörlein, and F. Krausz, “The petawatt field synthesizer: a new approach to ultrahigh field generation,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper WF1.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) Schematic layout for the generation of the broadband seed and the synchronized pump for the broadband short-pulse OPCPA. PCF: photonic crystal fiber; SHG: second harmonic generation; SFG: sum frequency generation; Femtopower: Ti:sa amplifier (Femtolasers GmbH).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

a) Schematic picture of the modified cross-correlation technique [17]. The spectrum of the sum frequency signal between the short pump pulse and a long, chirped reference pulse is measured. The relative arrival time of the pulses is transformed into a frequency change of the sum frequency signal. b) Calibration curve for the used setup. The centroid of the sum frequency signal is measured at different relative delays.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Results of timing jitter measurements a) Pump pulse passes through the entire CPA chain: ±400fs timing jitter. b) Timing jitter when stretcher/compressor are bypassed: ±14fs when the same pulses are used from the master oscillator; ±33fs with 1μs delay. c) Pump pulse passes through entire CPA chain with precautions to reduce air turbulence: timing jitter consists of ±70fs shot-to-shot fluctuation and ±200fs slow oscillations. d) comparison between free running (left) and actively stabilized timing jitter (right).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Schematic picture for calculating the timing difference of light traveling along the paths x and x1.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Ray diagram illustrating the change in the optical path inside the grating compressor for the center wavelength λ0. The red ray shows the undisturbed case with an AOI of α. The green curve depicts the beam path of the pulse for the case when it is distorted at an angle β + Δβ1 at a distance d from the first grating. The blue, dotted and the gray, dashed traces show the extreme cases d = 0 and d = L1, respectively. The case d = 0 corresponds to a different AOI of α – Δα at the compressor input. For detailed explanation see main text.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Timing difference for a small change Δα of the AOI α at the compressor input (d=0). Larger angle α (smaller angle β) is advantageous in terms of jitter.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

a) Timing difference for d = L1: the approximations in Eq. (19) are well justified in the considered range. The configuration with increased AOI α (or decreased β) shows reduced timing differences. b) Timing difference for different values of d.

Equations (19)

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Δ τ = x 1 x c = x c ( 1 cos ( Δ α ) 1 ) x Δ α 2 2 c
β = arcsin ( m N λ 0 sin α ) .
p ( β ) = L 1 + L 2 + L 2 + L 1 + L 3 + L 4 + L 5 , and
p ( β + Δ β 1 ) = d + d 1 + d 2 + d 3 + d 4 + d 5 + d 6 + d 7 , respectively .
d 1 = ( L 1 d ) cos β cos ( β + Δ β 1 )
d 2 = ( L 1 d ) sin ( Δ β 1 ) cos ( β + Δ β 1 ) sin α cos ( Δ α )
d 3 = d 4 = L 2 cos ( Δ α )
d 5 = ( d 2 + d 3 ) cos ( α Δ α ) cos ( α + Δ α ) d 4
d 6 = ( L 1 d ) cos β cos ( β Δ β 2 )
d 7 = d cos β cos ( β Δ β 1 Δ β 2 )
L 3 = d 5 cos ( Δ α )
L 4 = L 1 sin ( Δ β 2 ) cos ( β Δ β 2 ) sin α
L 5 = d cos β cos ( β Δ β 2 ) sin ( Δ β 1 ) cos ( β Δ β 1 Δ β 2 ) sin α
Δ τ = 1 c ( 2 L 1 d d 1 d 6 + L 4 d 2 + L 5 d 7 ) = L 1 c ( 2 cos β + sin ( Δ β 1 ) sin α cos ( β + Δ β 1 ) cos β sin ( Δ β 2 ) sin α cos ( β Δ β 2 ) )
+ d c ( cos β + sin ( Δ β 1 ) sin α cos ( β + Δ β 1 ) 1 ) + d c ( cos β cos ( β Δ β 2 ) [ 1 cos ( β Δ β 2 ) sin ( Δ β 1 ) sin α cos ( β Δ β 1 Δ β 2 ) ] )
Δ τ L 1 m N λ 0 c ( Δ β 2 cos ( β Δ β 2 ) Δ β 1 cos ( β + Δ β 1 ) ) + d m N λ 0 c ( Δ β 1 cos ( β + Δ β 1 ) ) + d m N λ 0 c cos β cos ( β Δ β 2 ) ( Δ β 1 cos ( β Δ β 1 Δ β 2 ) ) .
Δ τ = 1 c ( 2 L 1 d 1 d 6 + L 4 d 2 )
= L 1 m N λ 0 c ( Δ β 2 cos ( β Δ β 2 ) Δ β 1 cos ( β + Δ β 1 ) )
Δ τ 2 m N λ 0 c cos β Δ β 1 d

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