Abstract

Numerical and experimental study of a Few-Mode (FM) Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifier (EDFA) suitable for mode division multiplexing (MDM) is reported. Based on numerical simulations, a Few-Mode Erbium Doped Fiber (FM-EDF) has been designed to amplify four mode groups and to equally amplify LP11 and LP21 mode groups with gains greater than 20 dB and with a differential modal gain of less than 1 dB. Experimental results confirmed the simulations with a good concordance. This modal gain equalization is obtained by tailoring the erbium spatial distribution in the fiber core with a ring-shaped profile.

© 2012 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. Chralyvy, “The coming capacity crunch,” ECOC 2009, p.1 (2009).
  2. P. Sillard, “New fibers for ultra-high capacity transport,” Opt. Fiber Technol.17, 495–502 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  3. B. Zhu, T. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, M. F. Yan, J. M. Fini, E. M. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “112 Tb/s space-division multiplexed DWDM transmission with 14 b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency over a 76.8 km seven-core fiber,” Opt. Express19, 16665–16671 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. C. Koebele, M. Salsi, D. Sperti, P. Tran, P. Brindel, H. Mardoyan, S. Bigo, A. Boutin, F. Verluise, P. Sillard, M. Astruc, L. Provost, F. Cerou, and G. Charlet, “Two mode transmission at 2x100 Gb/s, over 40 km-long prototype few-mode fiber, using LCOS-based programmable mode multiplexer and demultiplexer,” Opt. Express19, 16593–16600 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. C. Koebele, M. Salsi, L. Milord, R. Ryf, C. A. Bolle, P. Sillard, S. Bigo, and G. Charlet, “40 km transmission of five mode division multiplexed data streams at 100 Gb/s with low MIMO-DSP complexity,” ECOC 2011, paper Th.13.C.3 (2011).
  6. N. Bai, E. Ip, T. Wang, and G. Li, “Multimode fiber amplifier with tunable modal gain using a reconfigurable multimode pump,” Opt. Express19, 16601–16611 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. Y. Jung, S. Alam, Z. Li, A. Dhar, D. Giles, I. P. Giles, J. K. Sahu, F. Poletti, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration and detailed characterization of a multimode amplifier for space division multiplexed transmission systems,” Opt. Express19, B952–B957 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Z. Jiang and J.R. Marciante, “Impact of transverse spatial-hole burning on beam quality in large-mode-area Yb-doped fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25, 247–254 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. R. Giles and E. Desurvire, “Modeling erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol.9, 271–283 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Gong, Y. Yuan, C. Li, P. Yan, H. Zhang, and S. Liao, “Numerical modeling of transverse mode competition in strongly pumped multimode fiber lasers and amplifiers,” Opt. Express15, 3236–3246 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. Q. Kang, E.L. Lim, Y. Jung, J.K. Sahu, F. Poletti, C. Baskiotis, S.U Alam, and D.J. Richardson, “Accurate modal gain control in a multimode erbium doped fiber amplifier incorporating ring doping and a simple LP01 pump configuration,” Opt. Express20, 20835–20843 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. Le Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11 and LP21 mode groups,” ECOC 2012, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).
  13. P. Sillard, M. Astruc, D. Boivin, H. Maerten, and L. Provost, “Few-mode fiber for uncoupled mode-division multiplexing transmissions,” ECOC 2011, paper Tu.5.LeCervin.7 (2011).
  14. J. D. Love and N. Riesen, “Mode-selective couplers for few-mode optical fiber networks,” Opt. Lett.37, 3990 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. N. Riesen, J. D. Love, and J. W. Arkwright, “Few-mode elliptical-core fiber data transmission,” IEEE Photon Tech. Lett.24, 344–346 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  16. N. W. Spellmeyer, “Communications performance of a multimode EDFA,” IEEE Photon Tech. Lett.12, 1337–1339 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  17. G. Nykolak, S. A. Kramer, J. R. Simpson, D. J. DiGiovanni, C. R. Giles, and H. M. Presby, “An erbium doped multimode optical fiber amplifier,” IEEE Photon Tech. Lett.3, 1079–1081(1991).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. Salsi, R. Ryf, G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, D. Peyrot, G. Charlet, S. Bigo, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, B. Guan, and Y. Quiquempois, “A six-mode erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” ECOC 2012, Post-Deadline paper, Th.3.A.6 (2012).

2012

2011

2008

2007

2000

N. W. Spellmeyer, “Communications performance of a multimode EDFA,” IEEE Photon Tech. Lett.12, 1337–1339 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1991

G. Nykolak, S. A. Kramer, J. R. Simpson, D. J. DiGiovanni, C. R. Giles, and H. M. Presby, “An erbium doped multimode optical fiber amplifier,” IEEE Photon Tech. Lett.3, 1079–1081(1991).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Giles and E. Desurvire, “Modeling erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol.9, 271–283 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Alam, S.

Alam, S.U

Arkwright, J. W.

N. Riesen, J. D. Love, and J. W. Arkwright, “Few-mode elliptical-core fiber data transmission,” IEEE Photon Tech. Lett.24, 344–346 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Astruc, M.

Bai, N.

Baskiotis, C.

Bigo, S.

C. Koebele, M. Salsi, D. Sperti, P. Tran, P. Brindel, H. Mardoyan, S. Bigo, A. Boutin, F. Verluise, P. Sillard, M. Astruc, L. Provost, F. Cerou, and G. Charlet, “Two mode transmission at 2x100 Gb/s, over 40 km-long prototype few-mode fiber, using LCOS-based programmable mode multiplexer and demultiplexer,” Opt. Express19, 16593–16600 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. Le Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11 and LP21 mode groups,” ECOC 2012, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).

C. Koebele, M. Salsi, L. Milord, R. Ryf, C. A. Bolle, P. Sillard, S. Bigo, and G. Charlet, “40 km transmission of five mode division multiplexed data streams at 100 Gb/s with low MIMO-DSP complexity,” ECOC 2011, paper Th.13.C.3 (2011).

M. Salsi, R. Ryf, G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, D. Peyrot, G. Charlet, S. Bigo, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, B. Guan, and Y. Quiquempois, “A six-mode erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” ECOC 2012, Post-Deadline paper, Th.3.A.6 (2012).

Bigot, L.

M. Salsi, R. Ryf, G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, D. Peyrot, G. Charlet, S. Bigo, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, B. Guan, and Y. Quiquempois, “A six-mode erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” ECOC 2012, Post-Deadline paper, Th.3.A.6 (2012).

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. Le Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11 and LP21 mode groups,” ECOC 2012, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).

Bigot-Astruc, M.

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. Le Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11 and LP21 mode groups,” ECOC 2012, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).

Boivin, D.

P. Sillard, M. Astruc, D. Boivin, H. Maerten, and L. Provost, “Few-mode fiber for uncoupled mode-division multiplexing transmissions,” ECOC 2011, paper Tu.5.LeCervin.7 (2011).

Bolle, C.

M. Salsi, R. Ryf, G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, D. Peyrot, G. Charlet, S. Bigo, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, B. Guan, and Y. Quiquempois, “A six-mode erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” ECOC 2012, Post-Deadline paper, Th.3.A.6 (2012).

Bolle, C. A.

C. Koebele, M. Salsi, L. Milord, R. Ryf, C. A. Bolle, P. Sillard, S. Bigo, and G. Charlet, “40 km transmission of five mode division multiplexed data streams at 100 Gb/s with low MIMO-DSP complexity,” ECOC 2011, paper Th.13.C.3 (2011).

Boutin, A.

Brindel, P.

Cerou, F.

Chandrasekhar, S.

Charlet, G.

C. Koebele, M. Salsi, D. Sperti, P. Tran, P. Brindel, H. Mardoyan, S. Bigo, A. Boutin, F. Verluise, P. Sillard, M. Astruc, L. Provost, F. Cerou, and G. Charlet, “Two mode transmission at 2x100 Gb/s, over 40 km-long prototype few-mode fiber, using LCOS-based programmable mode multiplexer and demultiplexer,” Opt. Express19, 16593–16600 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. Le Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11 and LP21 mode groups,” ECOC 2012, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).

M. Salsi, R. Ryf, G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, D. Peyrot, G. Charlet, S. Bigo, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, B. Guan, and Y. Quiquempois, “A six-mode erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” ECOC 2012, Post-Deadline paper, Th.3.A.6 (2012).

C. Koebele, M. Salsi, L. Milord, R. Ryf, C. A. Bolle, P. Sillard, S. Bigo, and G. Charlet, “40 km transmission of five mode division multiplexed data streams at 100 Gb/s with low MIMO-DSP complexity,” ECOC 2011, paper Th.13.C.3 (2011).

Chralyvy, A.

A. Chralyvy, “The coming capacity crunch,” ECOC 2009, p.1 (2009).

Desurvire, E.

C. R. Giles and E. Desurvire, “Modeling erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol.9, 271–283 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Dhar, A.

DiGiovanni, D. J.

G. Nykolak, S. A. Kramer, J. R. Simpson, D. J. DiGiovanni, C. R. Giles, and H. M. Presby, “An erbium doped multimode optical fiber amplifier,” IEEE Photon Tech. Lett.3, 1079–1081(1991).
[CrossRef]

Dimarcello, F. V.

Fini, J. M.

Fishteyn, M.

Fontaine, N. K.

M. Salsi, R. Ryf, G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, D. Peyrot, G. Charlet, S. Bigo, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, B. Guan, and Y. Quiquempois, “A six-mode erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” ECOC 2012, Post-Deadline paper, Th.3.A.6 (2012).

Genevaux, P.

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. Le Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11 and LP21 mode groups,” ECOC 2012, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).

Giles, C. R.

G. Nykolak, S. A. Kramer, J. R. Simpson, D. J. DiGiovanni, C. R. Giles, and H. M. Presby, “An erbium doped multimode optical fiber amplifier,” IEEE Photon Tech. Lett.3, 1079–1081(1991).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Giles and E. Desurvire, “Modeling erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol.9, 271–283 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Giles, D.

Giles, I. P.

Gong, M.

Gruner-Nielsen, L.

Guan, B.

M. Salsi, R. Ryf, G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, D. Peyrot, G. Charlet, S. Bigo, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, B. Guan, and Y. Quiquempois, “A six-mode erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” ECOC 2012, Post-Deadline paper, Th.3.A.6 (2012).

Ip, E.

Jiang, Z.

Jung, Y.

Kang, Q.

Koebele, C.

C. Koebele, M. Salsi, D. Sperti, P. Tran, P. Brindel, H. Mardoyan, S. Bigo, A. Boutin, F. Verluise, P. Sillard, M. Astruc, L. Provost, F. Cerou, and G. Charlet, “Two mode transmission at 2x100 Gb/s, over 40 km-long prototype few-mode fiber, using LCOS-based programmable mode multiplexer and demultiplexer,” Opt. Express19, 16593–16600 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. Le Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11 and LP21 mode groups,” ECOC 2012, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).

C. Koebele, M. Salsi, L. Milord, R. Ryf, C. A. Bolle, P. Sillard, S. Bigo, and G. Charlet, “40 km transmission of five mode division multiplexed data streams at 100 Gb/s with low MIMO-DSP complexity,” ECOC 2011, paper Th.13.C.3 (2011).

Kramer, S. A.

G. Nykolak, S. A. Kramer, J. R. Simpson, D. J. DiGiovanni, C. R. Giles, and H. M. Presby, “An erbium doped multimode optical fiber amplifier,” IEEE Photon Tech. Lett.3, 1079–1081(1991).
[CrossRef]

Le Cocq, G.

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. Le Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11 and LP21 mode groups,” ECOC 2012, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).

M. Salsi, R. Ryf, G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, D. Peyrot, G. Charlet, S. Bigo, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, B. Guan, and Y. Quiquempois, “A six-mode erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” ECOC 2012, Post-Deadline paper, Th.3.A.6 (2012).

Le Rouge, A.

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. Le Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11 and LP21 mode groups,” ECOC 2012, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).

Li, C.

Li, G.

Li, Z.

Liao, S.

Lim, E.L.

Liu, X.

Love, J. D.

J. D. Love and N. Riesen, “Mode-selective couplers for few-mode optical fiber networks,” Opt. Lett.37, 3990 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Riesen, J. D. Love, and J. W. Arkwright, “Few-mode elliptical-core fiber data transmission,” IEEE Photon Tech. Lett.24, 344–346 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Maerten, H.

P. Sillard, M. Astruc, D. Boivin, H. Maerten, and L. Provost, “Few-mode fiber for uncoupled mode-division multiplexing transmissions,” ECOC 2011, paper Tu.5.LeCervin.7 (2011).

Marciante, J.R.

Mardoyan, H.

C. Koebele, M. Salsi, D. Sperti, P. Tran, P. Brindel, H. Mardoyan, S. Bigo, A. Boutin, F. Verluise, P. Sillard, M. Astruc, L. Provost, F. Cerou, and G. Charlet, “Two mode transmission at 2x100 Gb/s, over 40 km-long prototype few-mode fiber, using LCOS-based programmable mode multiplexer and demultiplexer,” Opt. Express19, 16593–16600 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. Le Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11 and LP21 mode groups,” ECOC 2012, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).

Mestre, M. A.

M. Salsi, R. Ryf, G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, D. Peyrot, G. Charlet, S. Bigo, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, B. Guan, and Y. Quiquempois, “A six-mode erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” ECOC 2012, Post-Deadline paper, Th.3.A.6 (2012).

Milord, L.

C. Koebele, M. Salsi, L. Milord, R. Ryf, C. A. Bolle, P. Sillard, S. Bigo, and G. Charlet, “40 km transmission of five mode division multiplexed data streams at 100 Gb/s with low MIMO-DSP complexity,” ECOC 2011, paper Th.13.C.3 (2011).

Monberg, E. M.

Nykolak, G.

G. Nykolak, S. A. Kramer, J. R. Simpson, D. J. DiGiovanni, C. R. Giles, and H. M. Presby, “An erbium doped multimode optical fiber amplifier,” IEEE Photon Tech. Lett.3, 1079–1081(1991).
[CrossRef]

Palou, X.

M. Salsi, R. Ryf, G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, D. Peyrot, G. Charlet, S. Bigo, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, B. Guan, and Y. Quiquempois, “A six-mode erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” ECOC 2012, Post-Deadline paper, Th.3.A.6 (2012).

Peyrot, D.

M. Salsi, R. Ryf, G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, D. Peyrot, G. Charlet, S. Bigo, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, B. Guan, and Y. Quiquempois, “A six-mode erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” ECOC 2012, Post-Deadline paper, Th.3.A.6 (2012).

Poletti, F.

Presby, H. M.

G. Nykolak, S. A. Kramer, J. R. Simpson, D. J. DiGiovanni, C. R. Giles, and H. M. Presby, “An erbium doped multimode optical fiber amplifier,” IEEE Photon Tech. Lett.3, 1079–1081(1991).
[CrossRef]

Provost, L.

Quiquempois, Y.

M. Salsi, R. Ryf, G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, D. Peyrot, G. Charlet, S. Bigo, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, B. Guan, and Y. Quiquempois, “A six-mode erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” ECOC 2012, Post-Deadline paper, Th.3.A.6 (2012).

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. Le Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11 and LP21 mode groups,” ECOC 2012, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).

Randel, S.

M. Salsi, R. Ryf, G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, D. Peyrot, G. Charlet, S. Bigo, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, B. Guan, and Y. Quiquempois, “A six-mode erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” ECOC 2012, Post-Deadline paper, Th.3.A.6 (2012).

Richardson, D. J.

Richardson, D.J.

Riesen, N.

N. Riesen, J. D. Love, and J. W. Arkwright, “Few-mode elliptical-core fiber data transmission,” IEEE Photon Tech. Lett.24, 344–346 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Love and N. Riesen, “Mode-selective couplers for few-mode optical fiber networks,” Opt. Lett.37, 3990 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ryf, R.

C. Koebele, M. Salsi, L. Milord, R. Ryf, C. A. Bolle, P. Sillard, S. Bigo, and G. Charlet, “40 km transmission of five mode division multiplexed data streams at 100 Gb/s with low MIMO-DSP complexity,” ECOC 2011, paper Th.13.C.3 (2011).

M. Salsi, R. Ryf, G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, D. Peyrot, G. Charlet, S. Bigo, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, B. Guan, and Y. Quiquempois, “A six-mode erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” ECOC 2012, Post-Deadline paper, Th.3.A.6 (2012).

Sahu, J. K.

Sahu, J.K.

Salsi, M.

C. Koebele, M. Salsi, D. Sperti, P. Tran, P. Brindel, H. Mardoyan, S. Bigo, A. Boutin, F. Verluise, P. Sillard, M. Astruc, L. Provost, F. Cerou, and G. Charlet, “Two mode transmission at 2x100 Gb/s, over 40 km-long prototype few-mode fiber, using LCOS-based programmable mode multiplexer and demultiplexer,” Opt. Express19, 16593–16600 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. Le Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11 and LP21 mode groups,” ECOC 2012, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).

C. Koebele, M. Salsi, L. Milord, R. Ryf, C. A. Bolle, P. Sillard, S. Bigo, and G. Charlet, “40 km transmission of five mode division multiplexed data streams at 100 Gb/s with low MIMO-DSP complexity,” ECOC 2011, paper Th.13.C.3 (2011).

M. Salsi, R. Ryf, G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, D. Peyrot, G. Charlet, S. Bigo, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, B. Guan, and Y. Quiquempois, “A six-mode erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” ECOC 2012, Post-Deadline paper, Th.3.A.6 (2012).

Sillard, P.

P. Sillard, “New fibers for ultra-high capacity transport,” Opt. Fiber Technol.17, 495–502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Koebele, M. Salsi, D. Sperti, P. Tran, P. Brindel, H. Mardoyan, S. Bigo, A. Boutin, F. Verluise, P. Sillard, M. Astruc, L. Provost, F. Cerou, and G. Charlet, “Two mode transmission at 2x100 Gb/s, over 40 km-long prototype few-mode fiber, using LCOS-based programmable mode multiplexer and demultiplexer,” Opt. Express19, 16593–16600 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. Le Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11 and LP21 mode groups,” ECOC 2012, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).

C. Koebele, M. Salsi, L. Milord, R. Ryf, C. A. Bolle, P. Sillard, S. Bigo, and G. Charlet, “40 km transmission of five mode division multiplexed data streams at 100 Gb/s with low MIMO-DSP complexity,” ECOC 2011, paper Th.13.C.3 (2011).

P. Sillard, M. Astruc, D. Boivin, H. Maerten, and L. Provost, “Few-mode fiber for uncoupled mode-division multiplexing transmissions,” ECOC 2011, paper Tu.5.LeCervin.7 (2011).

Simpson, J. R.

G. Nykolak, S. A. Kramer, J. R. Simpson, D. J. DiGiovanni, C. R. Giles, and H. M. Presby, “An erbium doped multimode optical fiber amplifier,” IEEE Photon Tech. Lett.3, 1079–1081(1991).
[CrossRef]

Spellmeyer, N. W.

N. W. Spellmeyer, “Communications performance of a multimode EDFA,” IEEE Photon Tech. Lett.12, 1337–1339 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sperti, D.

Taunay, T.

Tran, P.

C. Koebele, M. Salsi, D. Sperti, P. Tran, P. Brindel, H. Mardoyan, S. Bigo, A. Boutin, F. Verluise, P. Sillard, M. Astruc, L. Provost, F. Cerou, and G. Charlet, “Two mode transmission at 2x100 Gb/s, over 40 km-long prototype few-mode fiber, using LCOS-based programmable mode multiplexer and demultiplexer,” Opt. Express19, 16593–16600 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. Le Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11 and LP21 mode groups,” ECOC 2012, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).

Verluise, F.

Vuong, J.

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. Le Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11 and LP21 mode groups,” ECOC 2012, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).

Wang, T.

Yan, M. F.

Yan, P.

Yuan, Y.

Zhang, H.

Zhu, B.

IEEE Photon Tech. Lett.

N. Riesen, J. D. Love, and J. W. Arkwright, “Few-mode elliptical-core fiber data transmission,” IEEE Photon Tech. Lett.24, 344–346 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. W. Spellmeyer, “Communications performance of a multimode EDFA,” IEEE Photon Tech. Lett.12, 1337–1339 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. Nykolak, S. A. Kramer, J. R. Simpson, D. J. DiGiovanni, C. R. Giles, and H. M. Presby, “An erbium doped multimode optical fiber amplifier,” IEEE Photon Tech. Lett.3, 1079–1081(1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

C. R. Giles and E. Desurvire, “Modeling erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol.9, 271–283 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Express

C. Koebele, M. Salsi, D. Sperti, P. Tran, P. Brindel, H. Mardoyan, S. Bigo, A. Boutin, F. Verluise, P. Sillard, M. Astruc, L. Provost, F. Cerou, and G. Charlet, “Two mode transmission at 2x100 Gb/s, over 40 km-long prototype few-mode fiber, using LCOS-based programmable mode multiplexer and demultiplexer,” Opt. Express19, 16593–16600 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Bai, E. Ip, T. Wang, and G. Li, “Multimode fiber amplifier with tunable modal gain using a reconfigurable multimode pump,” Opt. Express19, 16601–16611 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Zhu, T. Taunay, M. Fishteyn, X. Liu, S. Chandrasekhar, M. F. Yan, J. M. Fini, E. M. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “112 Tb/s space-division multiplexed DWDM transmission with 14 b/s/Hz aggregate spectral efficiency over a 76.8 km seven-core fiber,” Opt. Express19, 16665–16671 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Jung, S. Alam, Z. Li, A. Dhar, D. Giles, I. P. Giles, J. K. Sahu, F. Poletti, L. Gruner-Nielsen, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration and detailed characterization of a multimode amplifier for space division multiplexed transmission systems,” Opt. Express19, B952–B957 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Q. Kang, E.L. Lim, Y. Jung, J.K. Sahu, F. Poletti, C. Baskiotis, S.U Alam, and D.J. Richardson, “Accurate modal gain control in a multimode erbium doped fiber amplifier incorporating ring doping and a simple LP01 pump configuration,” Opt. Express20, 20835–20843 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Gong, Y. Yuan, C. Li, P. Yan, H. Zhang, and S. Liao, “Numerical modeling of transverse mode competition in strongly pumped multimode fiber lasers and amplifiers,” Opt. Express15, 3236–3246 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Fiber Technol.

P. Sillard, “New fibers for ultra-high capacity transport,” Opt. Fiber Technol.17, 495–502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

C. Koebele, M. Salsi, L. Milord, R. Ryf, C. A. Bolle, P. Sillard, S. Bigo, and G. Charlet, “40 km transmission of five mode division multiplexed data streams at 100 Gb/s with low MIMO-DSP complexity,” ECOC 2011, paper Th.13.C.3 (2011).

A. Chralyvy, “The coming capacity crunch,” ECOC 2009, p.1 (2009).

M. Salsi, R. Ryf, G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, D. Peyrot, G. Charlet, S. Bigo, N. K. Fontaine, M. A. Mestre, S. Randel, X. Palou, C. Bolle, B. Guan, and Y. Quiquempois, “A six-mode erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” ECOC 2012, Post-Deadline paper, Th.3.A.6 (2012).

M. Salsi, J. Vuong, C. Koebele, P. Genevaux, H. Mardoyan, P. Tran, S. Bigo, G. Le Cocq, L. Bigot, Y. Quiquempois, A. Le Rouge, P. Sillard, M. Bigot-Astruc, and G. Charlet, “In-line few-mode optical amplifier with erbium profile tuned to support LP01, LP11 and LP21 mode groups,” ECOC 2012, paper Tu.3.F.1 (2012).

P. Sillard, M. Astruc, D. Boivin, H. Maerten, and L. Provost, “Few-mode fiber for uncoupled mode-division multiplexing transmissions,” ECOC 2011, paper Tu.5.LeCervin.7 (2011).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic of the fiber cross section used to design the FM-EDFA with a ring-shaped erbium doping profile. (b) Differential modal gain between LP11 and LP21 modes. (c) and (d) Gains for LP11 and LP21 modes as a function of external (Rde) and internal (Rdi) radii. The blue ellipses represent areas for which gains are equal. Simulations are performed for a 200 mW pump power at 980 nm equally distributed on each mode. Input signal power is −11.55 dBm per mode at 1550 nm. For each modeling, the length of the FM-EDF is chosen so as to obtain the maximum gain for LP21 mode.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Refractive index and erbium doping profile of the FM-EDF.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental set-up used to test the FM-EDF. Pump at 974 nm and signal at 1550 nm are multiplexed into a 3 m-long piece of FM-EDF spliced to FMF at the input and the output. Output is imaged on an IR camera or connected to an optical spectrum analyzer. The signal mode profile can be selected by using phase plate.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Mode image capture recorded at 1550 nm, with an infrared camera: before splice (output of the FMF) and after splice (output of the FM-EDF).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Experimental and simulated pump intensity profile before splice (output of FMF) and after splice (output of FM-EDF), at 974 nm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Gain evolution at the output of a 3 m-long FM-EDFA as a function of pump power. Signal power was about −10 dBm. Signal mode is LP21 mode (a), LP11 mode (b) or LP01 & LP02 modes (c).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Evolution of the SNR deterioration for a 3 m-long FM-EDFA as a function of pump power. Signal power was about −10 dBm. SNR deterioration is reported for LP21 mode (a) and LP11 mode (b).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) Gain as a function of pump power for simultaneous amplification of LP21 and LP11 modes. The two modes are tested at different wavelengths, namely 1554 nm for LP11 and 1550 nm for LP21. FM-EDF was 3.4 m-long and signal power was −17 dBm per mode (b) Input and output spectra for about 100 mW pump power, both for experiments and simulations.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Theoretical coupling efficiency between FM-EDF modes and FMF modes at signal wavelength, when these two fibers are butt-coupled. Values are calculated using Eq. (1) and mode field profiles of the fibers are calculated by FEM.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Theoretical coupling efficiency between FM-EDF modes and FMF modes at pump wavelength, when these two fibers are butt-coupled. Values are calculated using Eq. (1) and mode field profiles of the fibers calculated by FEM.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

( Γ i j ) 2 = ( E i Ψ j d S ) 2 E i 2 d S Ψ j 2 d S

Metrics