Abstract

Miniature optical components at the wavelength scale remain today a theoretically opened challenging problem of great technological interest. Appart from refractive micro-optics, plasmonics have been proposed to realize micro lenses with properly designed planar metallic nano-patterns. We show in this paper that efficient light focusing at the diffraction limit with higher transmission can be obtained with micro-structures much easier to fabricate than nano ones, such as a simple micro-slit studied here as an example. Optical properties are attributed to diffraction and a quantitative excellent agreement between experiment and theory is obtained.

© 2012 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. V. M. Shalaev, “Optical negative-index Metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 41–48 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Liu and P. Lalanne, “Microscopic theory of the extraordinary optical transmission,” Nature 452(7188), 728–731 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. P. Nagpal, N. C. Lindquist, S.-H. Oh, and D. J. Norris, “Ultrasmooth Patterned Metals for Plasmonics and Metamaterials,” Science 325(5940), 594–597 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. Devilez, B. Stout, N. Bonod, and E. Popov, “Spectral analysis of three-dimensional photonic jets,” Opt. Express 16(18), 14200–14212 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. Y. Fu and X. Zhou, “Plasmonic lenses: a review,” Plasmonics 5(3), 287–310 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Z. Sun and H. K. Kim, “Refractive transmission of light and beam shaping with metallic nano-optic lenses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(4), 642–644 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. L. Verslegers, B. Catrysse, Z. Yu, J. S. White, E. S. B. Brongersma, and S. M. L. Fan, “Planar lenses based on nanoscale slitsArrays in metallic film,” Nano Lett. 9(1), 235–238 (2009).
  9. Q. Chen and D. R. Cumming, “Visible light focusing demonstrated by plasmonic lenses based on nano-slits in an aluminum film,” Opt. Express 18(14), 14788–14793 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. Ishii, A. V. Kildishev, V. M. Shalaev, K.-P. Chen, and V. P. Drachev, “Metal nanoslit Lenses with polarization-selective design,” Opt. Lett. 36(4), 451–453 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. M.-K. Chen, Y.-C. Chang, C.-E. Yang, Y. Guo, J. Mazurowski, S. Yin, P. Ruffin, C. Brantley, E. Edwards, and C. Luo, “Tunable terahertz plasmonic lenses based on semiconductor microslits,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 52(4), 979–981 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  12. H. Gao, J. K. Hyun, M. H. Lee, J.-C. Yang, L. J. Lauhon, and T. W. Odom, “Broadband plasmonic microlenses based on patches of nanoholes,” Nano Lett. 10(10), 4111–4116 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. F. M. Huang, T. S. Kao, V. A. Fedotov, Y. Chen, and N. I. Zheludev, “Nanohole array as a Lens,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2469–2472 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. L. Lin, X. M. Goh, L. P. McGuinness, and A. Roberts, “Plasmonic lenses formed by two-dimensional nanometric cross-shaped aperture arrays for Fresnel-region focusing,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1936–1940 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. H. F. Talbot, “Facts relating to optical science,” Philos. Mag. 9, 401–407 (1836).
  16. W. Zhang, C. Zhao, J. Wang, and J. Zhang, “An experimental study of the plasmonic Talbot effect,” Opt. Express 17(22), 19757–19762 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. A. E. Çetin, K. Güven, and Ö. E. Müstecaplioğlu, “Active control of focal length and beam deflection in a metallic nanoslit array lens with multiple sources,” Opt. Lett. 35(12), 1980–1982 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. S. Zaiba, T. Kouriba, O. Ziane, O. Stéphan, J. Bosson, G. Vitrant, and P. L. Baldeck, “Metallic nanowires can lead to wavelength-scale microlenses and microlens arrays,” Opt. Express 20(14), 15516–15521 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. O.Ziane, S.Zaiba, T.Kouriba, J.Bosson, G. Vitrant, and P. L. Baldeck, “Cylindrical planar microlens based on diffraction of parallel metallic nanowires,” accepted for publication in J. Opt. Soc. Am. B.
  20. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 7th ed (Pergamon, 1999), Chap. 8.
  21. J. A. C. Veerman, J. J. Rusch, and H. P. Urbach, “Calculation of the Rayleigh-Sommerfeld diffraction integral by exact integration of the fast oscillating factor,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 22(4), 636–646 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. L. Vurth, P. L. Baldeck, O. Stephan, and I. Grosu, “Fabrication of 3D metallic micro/nanostructures by two-photon absorption,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Materials 10, 2199–2204 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  23. P. Ginzburg, E. Hirshberg, and M. Orenstein, “Rigorous analysis of vectorial plasmonic diffraction: single- and double-slit experiments,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 11(11), 114024 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  24. H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. D. R. Jackson, J. Chen, R. Qiang, F. Capolino, and A. A. Oliner, “The role of leaky plasmon waves in the directive beaming of light through a subwavelength aperture,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21271–21281 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

2010 (6)

A. E. Çetin, K. Güven, and Ö. E. Müstecaplioğlu, “Active control of focal length and beam deflection in a metallic nanoslit array lens with multiple sources,” Opt. Lett. 35(12), 1980–1982 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Chen and D. R. Cumming, “Visible light focusing demonstrated by plasmonic lenses based on nano-slits in an aluminum film,” Opt. Express 18(14), 14788–14793 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Fu and X. Zhou, “Plasmonic lenses: a review,” Plasmonics 5(3), 287–310 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M.-K. Chen, Y.-C. Chang, C.-E. Yang, Y. Guo, J. Mazurowski, S. Yin, P. Ruffin, C. Brantley, E. Edwards, and C. Luo, “Tunable terahertz plasmonic lenses based on semiconductor microslits,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 52(4), 979–981 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Gao, J. K. Hyun, M. H. Lee, J.-C. Yang, L. J. Lauhon, and T. W. Odom, “Broadband plasmonic microlenses based on patches of nanoholes,” Nano Lett. 10(10), 4111–4116 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Lin, X. M. Goh, L. P. McGuinness, and A. Roberts, “Plasmonic lenses formed by two-dimensional nanometric cross-shaped aperture arrays for Fresnel-region focusing,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1936–1940 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (4)

L. Verslegers, B. Catrysse, Z. Yu, J. S. White, E. S. B. Brongersma, and S. M. L. Fan, “Planar lenses based on nanoscale slitsArrays in metallic film,” Nano Lett. 9(1), 235–238 (2009).

P. Ginzburg, E. Hirshberg, and M. Orenstein, “Rigorous analysis of vectorial plasmonic diffraction: single- and double-slit experiments,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 11(11), 114024 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Nagpal, N. C. Lindquist, S.-H. Oh, and D. J. Norris, “Ultrasmooth Patterned Metals for Plasmonics and Metamaterials,” Science 325(5940), 594–597 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Zhang, C. Zhao, J. Wang, and J. Zhang, “An experimental study of the plasmonic Talbot effect,” Opt. Express 17(22), 19757–19762 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (5)

H. Liu and P. Lalanne, “Microscopic theory of the extraordinary optical transmission,” Nature 452(7188), 728–731 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. M. Huang, T. S. Kao, V. A. Fedotov, Y. Chen, and N. I. Zheludev, “Nanohole array as a Lens,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2469–2472 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Devilez, B. Stout, N. Bonod, and E. Popov, “Spectral analysis of three-dimensional photonic jets,” Opt. Express 16(18), 14200–14212 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Jackson, J. Chen, R. Qiang, F. Capolino, and A. A. Oliner, “The role of leaky plasmon waves in the directive beaming of light through a subwavelength aperture,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21271–21281 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Vurth, P. L. Baldeck, O. Stephan, and I. Grosu, “Fabrication of 3D metallic micro/nanostructures by two-photon absorption,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Materials 10, 2199–2204 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

V. M. Shalaev, “Optical negative-index Metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 41–48 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

Z. Sun and H. K. Kim, “Refractive transmission of light and beam shaping with metallic nano-optic lenses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(4), 642–644 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1836 (1)

H. F. Talbot, “Facts relating to optical science,” Philos. Mag. 9, 401–407 (1836).

Baldeck, P. L.

S. Zaiba, T. Kouriba, O. Ziane, O. Stéphan, J. Bosson, G. Vitrant, and P. L. Baldeck, “Metallic nanowires can lead to wavelength-scale microlenses and microlens arrays,” Opt. Express 20(14), 15516–15521 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Vurth, P. L. Baldeck, O. Stephan, and I. Grosu, “Fabrication of 3D metallic micro/nanostructures by two-photon absorption,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Materials 10, 2199–2204 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bonod, N.

Bosson, J.

Brantley, C.

M.-K. Chen, Y.-C. Chang, C.-E. Yang, Y. Guo, J. Mazurowski, S. Yin, P. Ruffin, C. Brantley, E. Edwards, and C. Luo, “Tunable terahertz plasmonic lenses based on semiconductor microslits,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 52(4), 979–981 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Brongersma, E. S. B.

L. Verslegers, B. Catrysse, Z. Yu, J. S. White, E. S. B. Brongersma, and S. M. L. Fan, “Planar lenses based on nanoscale slitsArrays in metallic film,” Nano Lett. 9(1), 235–238 (2009).

Capolino, F.

Catrysse, B.

L. Verslegers, B. Catrysse, Z. Yu, J. S. White, E. S. B. Brongersma, and S. M. L. Fan, “Planar lenses based on nanoscale slitsArrays in metallic film,” Nano Lett. 9(1), 235–238 (2009).

Çetin, A. E.

Chang, Y.-C.

M.-K. Chen, Y.-C. Chang, C.-E. Yang, Y. Guo, J. Mazurowski, S. Yin, P. Ruffin, C. Brantley, E. Edwards, and C. Luo, “Tunable terahertz plasmonic lenses based on semiconductor microslits,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 52(4), 979–981 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

Chen, K.-P.

Chen, M.-K.

M.-K. Chen, Y.-C. Chang, C.-E. Yang, Y. Guo, J. Mazurowski, S. Yin, P. Ruffin, C. Brantley, E. Edwards, and C. Luo, “Tunable terahertz plasmonic lenses based on semiconductor microslits,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 52(4), 979–981 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Q.

Chen, Y.

F. M. Huang, T. S. Kao, V. A. Fedotov, Y. Chen, and N. I. Zheludev, “Nanohole array as a Lens,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2469–2472 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cumming, D. R.

Degiron, A.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Devaux, E.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Devilez, A.

Drachev, V. P.

Ebbesen, T. W.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Edwards, E.

M.-K. Chen, Y.-C. Chang, C.-E. Yang, Y. Guo, J. Mazurowski, S. Yin, P. Ruffin, C. Brantley, E. Edwards, and C. Luo, “Tunable terahertz plasmonic lenses based on semiconductor microslits,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 52(4), 979–981 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S. M. L.

L. Verslegers, B. Catrysse, Z. Yu, J. S. White, E. S. B. Brongersma, and S. M. L. Fan, “Planar lenses based on nanoscale slitsArrays in metallic film,” Nano Lett. 9(1), 235–238 (2009).

Fedotov, V. A.

F. M. Huang, T. S. Kao, V. A. Fedotov, Y. Chen, and N. I. Zheludev, “Nanohole array as a Lens,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2469–2472 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fu, Y.

Y. Fu and X. Zhou, “Plasmonic lenses: a review,” Plasmonics 5(3), 287–310 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gao, H.

H. Gao, J. K. Hyun, M. H. Lee, J.-C. Yang, L. J. Lauhon, and T. W. Odom, “Broadband plasmonic microlenses based on patches of nanoholes,” Nano Lett. 10(10), 4111–4116 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ghaemi, H. F.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ginzburg, P.

P. Ginzburg, E. Hirshberg, and M. Orenstein, “Rigorous analysis of vectorial plasmonic diffraction: single- and double-slit experiments,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 11(11), 114024 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Goh, X. M.

L. Lin, X. M. Goh, L. P. McGuinness, and A. Roberts, “Plasmonic lenses formed by two-dimensional nanometric cross-shaped aperture arrays for Fresnel-region focusing,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1936–1940 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grosu, I.

L. Vurth, P. L. Baldeck, O. Stephan, and I. Grosu, “Fabrication of 3D metallic micro/nanostructures by two-photon absorption,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Materials 10, 2199–2204 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Guo, Y.

M.-K. Chen, Y.-C. Chang, C.-E. Yang, Y. Guo, J. Mazurowski, S. Yin, P. Ruffin, C. Brantley, E. Edwards, and C. Luo, “Tunable terahertz plasmonic lenses based on semiconductor microslits,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 52(4), 979–981 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Güven, K.

Hirshberg, E.

P. Ginzburg, E. Hirshberg, and M. Orenstein, “Rigorous analysis of vectorial plasmonic diffraction: single- and double-slit experiments,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 11(11), 114024 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Huang, F. M.

F. M. Huang, T. S. Kao, V. A. Fedotov, Y. Chen, and N. I. Zheludev, “Nanohole array as a Lens,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2469–2472 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hyun, J. K.

H. Gao, J. K. Hyun, M. H. Lee, J.-C. Yang, L. J. Lauhon, and T. W. Odom, “Broadband plasmonic microlenses based on patches of nanoholes,” Nano Lett. 10(10), 4111–4116 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ishii, S.

Jackson, D. R.

Kao, T. S.

F. M. Huang, T. S. Kao, V. A. Fedotov, Y. Chen, and N. I. Zheludev, “Nanohole array as a Lens,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2469–2472 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kildishev, A. V.

Kim, H. K.

Z. Sun and H. K. Kim, “Refractive transmission of light and beam shaping with metallic nano-optic lenses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(4), 642–644 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kouriba, T.

Lalanne, P.

H. Liu and P. Lalanne, “Microscopic theory of the extraordinary optical transmission,” Nature 452(7188), 728–731 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lauhon, L. J.

H. Gao, J. K. Hyun, M. H. Lee, J.-C. Yang, L. J. Lauhon, and T. W. Odom, “Broadband plasmonic microlenses based on patches of nanoholes,” Nano Lett. 10(10), 4111–4116 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, M. H.

H. Gao, J. K. Hyun, M. H. Lee, J.-C. Yang, L. J. Lauhon, and T. W. Odom, “Broadband plasmonic microlenses based on patches of nanoholes,” Nano Lett. 10(10), 4111–4116 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lezec, H. J.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lin, L.

L. Lin, X. M. Goh, L. P. McGuinness, and A. Roberts, “Plasmonic lenses formed by two-dimensional nanometric cross-shaped aperture arrays for Fresnel-region focusing,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1936–1940 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lindquist, N. C.

P. Nagpal, N. C. Lindquist, S.-H. Oh, and D. J. Norris, “Ultrasmooth Patterned Metals for Plasmonics and Metamaterials,” Science 325(5940), 594–597 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Linke, R. A.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, H.

H. Liu and P. Lalanne, “Microscopic theory of the extraordinary optical transmission,” Nature 452(7188), 728–731 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Luo, C.

M.-K. Chen, Y.-C. Chang, C.-E. Yang, Y. Guo, J. Mazurowski, S. Yin, P. Ruffin, C. Brantley, E. Edwards, and C. Luo, “Tunable terahertz plasmonic lenses based on semiconductor microslits,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 52(4), 979–981 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Martin-Moreno, L.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mazurowski, J.

M.-K. Chen, Y.-C. Chang, C.-E. Yang, Y. Guo, J. Mazurowski, S. Yin, P. Ruffin, C. Brantley, E. Edwards, and C. Luo, “Tunable terahertz plasmonic lenses based on semiconductor microslits,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 52(4), 979–981 (2010).
[CrossRef]

McGuinness, L. P.

L. Lin, X. M. Goh, L. P. McGuinness, and A. Roberts, “Plasmonic lenses formed by two-dimensional nanometric cross-shaped aperture arrays for Fresnel-region focusing,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1936–1940 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Müstecaplioglu, Ö. E.

Nagpal, P.

P. Nagpal, N. C. Lindquist, S.-H. Oh, and D. J. Norris, “Ultrasmooth Patterned Metals for Plasmonics and Metamaterials,” Science 325(5940), 594–597 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Norris, D. J.

P. Nagpal, N. C. Lindquist, S.-H. Oh, and D. J. Norris, “Ultrasmooth Patterned Metals for Plasmonics and Metamaterials,” Science 325(5940), 594–597 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Odom, T. W.

H. Gao, J. K. Hyun, M. H. Lee, J.-C. Yang, L. J. Lauhon, and T. W. Odom, “Broadband plasmonic microlenses based on patches of nanoholes,” Nano Lett. 10(10), 4111–4116 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oh, S.-H.

P. Nagpal, N. C. Lindquist, S.-H. Oh, and D. J. Norris, “Ultrasmooth Patterned Metals for Plasmonics and Metamaterials,” Science 325(5940), 594–597 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oliner, A. A.

Orenstein, M.

P. Ginzburg, E. Hirshberg, and M. Orenstein, “Rigorous analysis of vectorial plasmonic diffraction: single- and double-slit experiments,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 11(11), 114024 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Popov, E.

Qiang, R.

Roberts, A.

L. Lin, X. M. Goh, L. P. McGuinness, and A. Roberts, “Plasmonic lenses formed by two-dimensional nanometric cross-shaped aperture arrays for Fresnel-region focusing,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1936–1940 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ruffin, P.

M.-K. Chen, Y.-C. Chang, C.-E. Yang, Y. Guo, J. Mazurowski, S. Yin, P. Ruffin, C. Brantley, E. Edwards, and C. Luo, “Tunable terahertz plasmonic lenses based on semiconductor microslits,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 52(4), 979–981 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rusch, J. J.

Shalaev, V. M.

Stephan, O.

L. Vurth, P. L. Baldeck, O. Stephan, and I. Grosu, “Fabrication of 3D metallic micro/nanostructures by two-photon absorption,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Materials 10, 2199–2204 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Stéphan, O.

Stout, B.

Sun, Z.

Z. Sun and H. K. Kim, “Refractive transmission of light and beam shaping with metallic nano-optic lenses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(4), 642–644 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Talbot, H. F.

H. F. Talbot, “Facts relating to optical science,” Philos. Mag. 9, 401–407 (1836).

Thio, T.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Urbach, H. P.

Veerman, J. A. C.

Verslegers, L.

L. Verslegers, B. Catrysse, Z. Yu, J. S. White, E. S. B. Brongersma, and S. M. L. Fan, “Planar lenses based on nanoscale slitsArrays in metallic film,” Nano Lett. 9(1), 235–238 (2009).

Vitrant, G.

Vurth, L.

L. Vurth, P. L. Baldeck, O. Stephan, and I. Grosu, “Fabrication of 3D metallic micro/nanostructures by two-photon absorption,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Materials 10, 2199–2204 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

White, J. S.

L. Verslegers, B. Catrysse, Z. Yu, J. S. White, E. S. B. Brongersma, and S. M. L. Fan, “Planar lenses based on nanoscale slitsArrays in metallic film,” Nano Lett. 9(1), 235–238 (2009).

Wolff, P. A.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yang, C.-E.

M.-K. Chen, Y.-C. Chang, C.-E. Yang, Y. Guo, J. Mazurowski, S. Yin, P. Ruffin, C. Brantley, E. Edwards, and C. Luo, “Tunable terahertz plasmonic lenses based on semiconductor microslits,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 52(4), 979–981 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.-C.

H. Gao, J. K. Hyun, M. H. Lee, J.-C. Yang, L. J. Lauhon, and T. W. Odom, “Broadband plasmonic microlenses based on patches of nanoholes,” Nano Lett. 10(10), 4111–4116 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yin, S.

M.-K. Chen, Y.-C. Chang, C.-E. Yang, Y. Guo, J. Mazurowski, S. Yin, P. Ruffin, C. Brantley, E. Edwards, and C. Luo, “Tunable terahertz plasmonic lenses based on semiconductor microslits,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 52(4), 979–981 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Z.

L. Verslegers, B. Catrysse, Z. Yu, J. S. White, E. S. B. Brongersma, and S. M. L. Fan, “Planar lenses based on nanoscale slitsArrays in metallic film,” Nano Lett. 9(1), 235–238 (2009).

Zaiba, S.

Zhang, J.

Zhang, W.

Zhao, C.

Zheludev, N. I.

F. M. Huang, T. S. Kao, V. A. Fedotov, Y. Chen, and N. I. Zheludev, “Nanohole array as a Lens,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2469–2472 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, X.

Y. Fu and X. Zhou, “Plasmonic lenses: a review,” Plasmonics 5(3), 287–310 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ziane, O.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Z. Sun and H. K. Kim, “Refractive transmission of light and beam shaping with metallic nano-optic lenses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(4), 642–644 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

P. Ginzburg, E. Hirshberg, and M. Orenstein, “Rigorous analysis of vectorial plasmonic diffraction: single- and double-slit experiments,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 11(11), 114024 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Optoelectron. Adv. Materials (1)

L. Vurth, P. L. Baldeck, O. Stephan, and I. Grosu, “Fabrication of 3D metallic micro/nanostructures by two-photon absorption,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Materials 10, 2199–2204 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

M.-K. Chen, Y.-C. Chang, C.-E. Yang, Y. Guo, J. Mazurowski, S. Yin, P. Ruffin, C. Brantley, E. Edwards, and C. Luo, “Tunable terahertz plasmonic lenses based on semiconductor microslits,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 52(4), 979–981 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (4)

H. Gao, J. K. Hyun, M. H. Lee, J.-C. Yang, L. J. Lauhon, and T. W. Odom, “Broadband plasmonic microlenses based on patches of nanoholes,” Nano Lett. 10(10), 4111–4116 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. M. Huang, T. S. Kao, V. A. Fedotov, Y. Chen, and N. I. Zheludev, “Nanohole array as a Lens,” Nano Lett. 8(8), 2469–2472 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Lin, X. M. Goh, L. P. McGuinness, and A. Roberts, “Plasmonic lenses formed by two-dimensional nanometric cross-shaped aperture arrays for Fresnel-region focusing,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1936–1940 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Verslegers, B. Catrysse, Z. Yu, J. S. White, E. S. B. Brongersma, and S. M. L. Fan, “Planar lenses based on nanoscale slitsArrays in metallic film,” Nano Lett. 9(1), 235–238 (2009).

Nat. Photonics (1)

V. M. Shalaev, “Optical negative-index Metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 41–48 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Liu and P. Lalanne, “Microscopic theory of the extraordinary optical transmission,” Nature 452(7188), 728–731 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Philos. Mag. (1)

H. F. Talbot, “Facts relating to optical science,” Philos. Mag. 9, 401–407 (1836).

Plasmonics (1)

Y. Fu and X. Zhou, “Plasmonic lenses: a review,” Plasmonics 5(3), 287–310 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Nagpal, N. C. Lindquist, S.-H. Oh, and D. J. Norris, “Ultrasmooth Patterned Metals for Plasmonics and Metamaterials,” Science 325(5940), 594–597 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

O.Ziane, S.Zaiba, T.Kouriba, J.Bosson, G. Vitrant, and P. L. Baldeck, “Cylindrical planar microlens based on diffraction of parallel metallic nanowires,” accepted for publication in J. Opt. Soc. Am. B.

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 7th ed (Pergamon, 1999), Chap. 8.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Principle of micro-slit light focusing.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental and theoretical study of the diffraction pattern produced by a micro-slit.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Summary of the focusing characteristics of the studied obscuring micro diffracting slits (OMDS). FWHMx is the lateral resolution in the transversal direction.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

A(M)= 1 2π aperture e jk PM ¯ PM ¯ cos( n , PM )[ 1 PM ¯ jk ] A i (P) d 2 P
Δϕ= 2π λ n( Z f 2 + ( W 2 ) 2 ) Z f πn W 2 4λ Z f

Metrics