Abstract

We investigate a plasmonic waveguide system based on side-coupled complementary split-ring resonators (CSRR), which exhibits electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT)-like transmission. LC resonance model is utilized to explain the electromagnetic responses of CSRR, which is verified by simulation results of finite difference time domain method. The electromagnetic responses of CSRR can be flexible handled by changing the asymmetry degree of the structure and the width of the metallic baffles. Cascaded CSRRs also have been studied to obtain EIT-like transmission at visible and near-infrared region, simultaneously.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. V. M. Shalaev, “Optical negative-index metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics1(1), 41–48 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, “Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett.76(25), 4773–4776 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics1(4), 224–227 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. B. Kanté, S. N. Burokur, A. Sellier, A. de Lustrac, and J. M. Lourtioz, “Controlling plasmon hybridization for negative refraction metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B79(7), 075121 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Sellier, S. N. Burokur, B. Kanté, and A. de Lustrac, “Negative refractive index metamaterials using only metallic cut wires,” Opt. Express17(8), 6301–6310 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. B. Kanté, A. de Lustrac, J. M. Lourtioz, and S. N. Burokur, “Infrared cloaking based on the electric response of split ring resonators,” Opt. Express16(12), 9191–9198 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. K.-J. Boller, A. Imamolu, and S. E. Harris, “Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.66(20), 2593–2596 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. C. L. Garrido Alzar, M. A. G. Martinez, and P. Nussenzveig, “Classical analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Am. J. Phys.70(1), 37–41 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(4), 047401 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. D. D. Smith, H. Chang, K. A. Fuller, A. T. Rosenberger, and R. W. Boyd, “Coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A69(6), 063804 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Naweed, G. Farca, S. I. Shopova, and A. T. Rosenberger, “Induced transparency and absorption in coupled whispering-gallery microresonators,” Phys. Rev. A71(4), 043804 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. Totsuka, N. Kobayashi, and M. Tomita, “Slow light in coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(21), 213904 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. V. Yannopapas, E. Paspalakis, and N. V. Vitanov, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and slow light in an array of metallic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B80(3), 035104 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  14. B. Lahiri, A. Z. Khokhar, R. M. De La Rue, S. G. McMeekin, and N. P. Johnson, “Asymmetric split ring resonators for optical sensing of organic materials,” Opt. Express17(2), 1107–1115 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. F. Martin, J. Bonache, F. Falcone, M. Sorolla, and R. Marques, “Split ring resonator-based left-handed coplanar waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(22), 4652–4654 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  16. P. Tassin, L. Zhang, Th. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(5), 053901 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. S. Y. Chiam, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, and A. Bettiol, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B80(15), 153103 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  18. P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Planar designs for electromagnetically induced transparency in metamaterials,” Opt. Express17(7), 5595–5605 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. K. Aydin, I. Bulu, K. Guven, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, “Investigation of magnetic resonances for different split-ring resonator parameters and designs,” New J. Phys.7(168), 1–15 (2005).
  20. K. Aydin, I. M. Pryce, and H. A. Atwater, “Symmetry breaking and strong coupling in planar optical metamaterials,” Opt. Express18(13), 13407–13417 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. B. Lahiri, S. G. McMeekin, A. Z. Khokhar, R. M. De La Rue, and N. P. Johnson, “Magnetic response of split ring resonators (SRRs) at visible frequencies,” Opt. Express18(3), 3210–3218 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. P. Gay-Balmaz and O. J. F. Martin, “Electromagnetic resonances in individual and coupled split-ring resonators,” J. Appl. Phys.92(5), 2929–2935 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  23. S. Linden, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. F. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic response of metamaterials at 100 terahertz,” Science306(5700), 1351–1353 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. B. Kanté, A. de Lustrac, and J. M. Lourtioz, “In-plane coupling and field enhancement in infrared metamaterial surfaces,” Phys. Rev. B80(3), 035108 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  25. P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  26. L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. E. Ozbay, “Plasmonics: Merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions,” Science311(5758), 189–193 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

2009

V. Yannopapas, E. Paspalakis, and N. V. Vitanov, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and slow light in an array of metallic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B80(3), 035104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Lahiri, A. Z. Khokhar, R. M. De La Rue, S. G. McMeekin, and N. P. Johnson, “Asymmetric split ring resonators for optical sensing of organic materials,” Opt. Express17(2), 1107–1115 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Kanté, A. de Lustrac, and J. M. Lourtioz, “In-plane coupling and field enhancement in infrared metamaterial surfaces,” Phys. Rev. B80(3), 035108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Kanté, S. N. Burokur, A. Sellier, A. de Lustrac, and J. M. Lourtioz, “Controlling plasmon hybridization for negative refraction metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B79(7), 075121 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Sellier, S. N. Burokur, B. Kanté, and A. de Lustrac, “Negative refractive index metamaterials using only metallic cut wires,” Opt. Express17(8), 6301–6310 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, Th. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(5), 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Y. Chiam, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, and A. Bettiol, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B80(15), 153103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Planar designs for electromagnetically induced transparency in metamaterials,” Opt. Express17(7), 5595–5605 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(4), 047401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Kanté, A. de Lustrac, J. M. Lourtioz, and S. N. Burokur, “Infrared cloaking based on the electric response of split ring resonators,” Opt. Express16(12), 9191–9198 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

V. M. Shalaev, “Optical negative-index metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics1(1), 41–48 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics1(4), 224–227 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Totsuka, N. Kobayashi, and M. Tomita, “Slow light in coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(21), 213904 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

E. Ozbay, “Plasmonics: Merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions,” Science311(5758), 189–193 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

A. Naweed, G. Farca, S. I. Shopova, and A. T. Rosenberger, “Induced transparency and absorption in coupled whispering-gallery microresonators,” Phys. Rev. A71(4), 043804 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Aydin, I. Bulu, K. Guven, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, “Investigation of magnetic resonances for different split-ring resonator parameters and designs,” New J. Phys.7(168), 1–15 (2005).

2004

D. D. Smith, H. Chang, K. A. Fuller, A. T. Rosenberger, and R. W. Boyd, “Coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A69(6), 063804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Linden, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. F. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic response of metamaterials at 100 terahertz,” Science306(5700), 1351–1353 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Martin, J. Bonache, F. Falcone, M. Sorolla, and R. Marques, “Split ring resonator-based left-handed coplanar waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(22), 4652–4654 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

P. Gay-Balmaz and O. J. F. Martin, “Electromagnetic resonances in individual and coupled split-ring resonators,” J. Appl. Phys.92(5), 2929–2935 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Garrido Alzar, M. A. G. Martinez, and P. Nussenzveig, “Classical analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Am. J. Phys.70(1), 37–41 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1996

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, “Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett.76(25), 4773–4776 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991

K.-J. Boller, A. Imamolu, and S. E. Harris, “Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.66(20), 2593–2596 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1972

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Ashcom, J. B.

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Atwater, H. A.

Aydin, K.

K. Aydin, I. M. Pryce, and H. A. Atwater, “Symmetry breaking and strong coupling in planar optical metamaterials,” Opt. Express18(13), 13407–13417 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Aydin, I. Bulu, K. Guven, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, “Investigation of magnetic resonances for different split-ring resonator parameters and designs,” New J. Phys.7(168), 1–15 (2005).

Bettiol, A.

S. Y. Chiam, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, and A. Bettiol, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B80(15), 153103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Boller, K.-J.

K.-J. Boller, A. Imamolu, and S. E. Harris, “Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.66(20), 2593–2596 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bonache, J.

F. Martin, J. Bonache, F. Falcone, M. Sorolla, and R. Marques, “Split ring resonator-based left-handed coplanar waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(22), 4652–4654 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

D. D. Smith, H. Chang, K. A. Fuller, A. T. Rosenberger, and R. W. Boyd, “Coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A69(6), 063804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bulu, I.

K. Aydin, I. Bulu, K. Guven, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, “Investigation of magnetic resonances for different split-ring resonator parameters and designs,” New J. Phys.7(168), 1–15 (2005).

Burokur, S. N.

Cai, W.

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics1(4), 224–227 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chang, H.

D. D. Smith, H. Chang, K. A. Fuller, A. T. Rosenberger, and R. W. Boyd, “Coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A69(6), 063804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chettiar, U. K.

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics1(4), 224–227 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chiam, S. Y.

S. Y. Chiam, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, and A. Bettiol, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B80(15), 153103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

De La Rue, R. M.

de Lustrac, A.

A. Sellier, S. N. Burokur, B. Kanté, and A. de Lustrac, “Negative refractive index metamaterials using only metallic cut wires,” Opt. Express17(8), 6301–6310 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Kanté, S. N. Burokur, A. Sellier, A. de Lustrac, and J. M. Lourtioz, “Controlling plasmon hybridization for negative refraction metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B79(7), 075121 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Kanté, A. de Lustrac, and J. M. Lourtioz, “In-plane coupling and field enhancement in infrared metamaterial surfaces,” Phys. Rev. B80(3), 035108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Kanté, A. de Lustrac, J. M. Lourtioz, and S. N. Burokur, “Infrared cloaking based on the electric response of split ring resonators,” Opt. Express16(12), 9191–9198 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Economou, E. N.

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, Th. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(5), 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Planar designs for electromagnetically induced transparency in metamaterials,” Opt. Express17(7), 5595–5605 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Enkrich, C.

S. Linden, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. F. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic response of metamaterials at 100 terahertz,” Science306(5700), 1351–1353 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Falcone, F.

F. Martin, J. Bonache, F. Falcone, M. Sorolla, and R. Marques, “Split ring resonator-based left-handed coplanar waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(22), 4652–4654 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Farca, G.

A. Naweed, G. Farca, S. I. Shopova, and A. T. Rosenberger, “Induced transparency and absorption in coupled whispering-gallery microresonators,” Phys. Rev. A71(4), 043804 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fuller, K. A.

D. D. Smith, H. Chang, K. A. Fuller, A. T. Rosenberger, and R. W. Boyd, “Coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A69(6), 063804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Garrido Alzar, C. L.

C. L. Garrido Alzar, M. A. G. Martinez, and P. Nussenzveig, “Classical analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Am. J. Phys.70(1), 37–41 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gattass, R. R.

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gay-Balmaz, P.

P. Gay-Balmaz and O. J. F. Martin, “Electromagnetic resonances in individual and coupled split-ring resonators,” J. Appl. Phys.92(5), 2929–2935 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Genov, D. A.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(4), 047401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guven, K.

K. Aydin, I. Bulu, K. Guven, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, “Investigation of magnetic resonances for different split-ring resonator parameters and designs,” New J. Phys.7(168), 1–15 (2005).

Harris, S. E.

K.-J. Boller, A. Imamolu, and S. E. Harris, “Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.66(20), 2593–2596 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

He, S.

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holden, A. J.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, “Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett.76(25), 4773–4776 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Imamolu, A.

K.-J. Boller, A. Imamolu, and S. E. Harris, “Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.66(20), 2593–2596 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Johnson, N. P.

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Kafesaki, M.

K. Aydin, I. Bulu, K. Guven, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, “Investigation of magnetic resonances for different split-ring resonator parameters and designs,” New J. Phys.7(168), 1–15 (2005).

Kanté, B.

B. Kanté, A. de Lustrac, and J. M. Lourtioz, “In-plane coupling and field enhancement in infrared metamaterial surfaces,” Phys. Rev. B80(3), 035108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Kanté, S. N. Burokur, A. Sellier, A. de Lustrac, and J. M. Lourtioz, “Controlling plasmon hybridization for negative refraction metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B79(7), 075121 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Sellier, S. N. Burokur, B. Kanté, and A. de Lustrac, “Negative refractive index metamaterials using only metallic cut wires,” Opt. Express17(8), 6301–6310 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Kanté, A. de Lustrac, J. M. Lourtioz, and S. N. Burokur, “Infrared cloaking based on the electric response of split ring resonators,” Opt. Express16(12), 9191–9198 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khokhar, A. Z.

Kildishev, A. V.

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics1(4), 224–227 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, N.

K. Totsuka, N. Kobayashi, and M. Tomita, “Slow light in coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(21), 213904 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koschny, T.

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Planar designs for electromagnetically induced transparency in metamaterials,” Opt. Express17(7), 5595–5605 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Linden, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. F. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic response of metamaterials at 100 terahertz,” Science306(5700), 1351–1353 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koschny, Th.

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, Th. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(5), 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lahiri, B.

Lederer, F.

S. Y. Chiam, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, and A. Bettiol, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B80(15), 153103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Linden, S.

S. Linden, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. F. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic response of metamaterials at 100 terahertz,” Science306(5700), 1351–1353 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, M.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(4), 047401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lou, J.

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lourtioz, J. M.

B. Kanté, A. de Lustrac, and J. M. Lourtioz, “In-plane coupling and field enhancement in infrared metamaterial surfaces,” Phys. Rev. B80(3), 035108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Kanté, S. N. Burokur, A. Sellier, A. de Lustrac, and J. M. Lourtioz, “Controlling plasmon hybridization for negative refraction metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B79(7), 075121 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Kanté, A. de Lustrac, J. M. Lourtioz, and S. N. Burokur, “Infrared cloaking based on the electric response of split ring resonators,” Opt. Express16(12), 9191–9198 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marques, R.

F. Martin, J. Bonache, F. Falcone, M. Sorolla, and R. Marques, “Split ring resonator-based left-handed coplanar waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(22), 4652–4654 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Martin, F.

F. Martin, J. Bonache, F. Falcone, M. Sorolla, and R. Marques, “Split ring resonator-based left-handed coplanar waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(22), 4652–4654 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Martin, O. J. F.

P. Gay-Balmaz and O. J. F. Martin, “Electromagnetic resonances in individual and coupled split-ring resonators,” J. Appl. Phys.92(5), 2929–2935 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Martinez, M. A. G.

C. L. Garrido Alzar, M. A. G. Martinez, and P. Nussenzveig, “Classical analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Am. J. Phys.70(1), 37–41 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Maxwell, I.

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mazur, E.

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McMeekin, S. G.

Naweed, A.

A. Naweed, G. Farca, S. I. Shopova, and A. T. Rosenberger, “Induced transparency and absorption in coupled whispering-gallery microresonators,” Phys. Rev. A71(4), 043804 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nussenzveig, P.

C. L. Garrido Alzar, M. A. G. Martinez, and P. Nussenzveig, “Classical analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Am. J. Phys.70(1), 37–41 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ozbay, E.

E. Ozbay, “Plasmonics: Merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions,” Science311(5758), 189–193 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Aydin, I. Bulu, K. Guven, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, “Investigation of magnetic resonances for different split-ring resonator parameters and designs,” New J. Phys.7(168), 1–15 (2005).

Paspalakis, E.

V. Yannopapas, E. Paspalakis, and N. V. Vitanov, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and slow light in an array of metallic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B80(3), 035104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pendry, J. B.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, “Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett.76(25), 4773–4776 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pryce, I. M.

Rockstuhl, C.

S. Y. Chiam, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, and A. Bettiol, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B80(15), 153103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rosenberger, A. T.

A. Naweed, G. Farca, S. I. Shopova, and A. T. Rosenberger, “Induced transparency and absorption in coupled whispering-gallery microresonators,” Phys. Rev. A71(4), 043804 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. D. Smith, H. Chang, K. A. Fuller, A. T. Rosenberger, and R. W. Boyd, “Coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A69(6), 063804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sellier, A.

A. Sellier, S. N. Burokur, B. Kanté, and A. de Lustrac, “Negative refractive index metamaterials using only metallic cut wires,” Opt. Express17(8), 6301–6310 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Kanté, S. N. Burokur, A. Sellier, A. de Lustrac, and J. M. Lourtioz, “Controlling plasmon hybridization for negative refraction metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B79(7), 075121 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shalaev, V. M.

V. M. Shalaev, “Optical negative-index metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics1(1), 41–48 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics1(4), 224–227 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shen, M.

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shopova, S. I.

A. Naweed, G. Farca, S. I. Shopova, and A. T. Rosenberger, “Induced transparency and absorption in coupled whispering-gallery microresonators,” Phys. Rev. A71(4), 043804 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Singh, R.

S. Y. Chiam, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, and A. Bettiol, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B80(15), 153103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. D.

D. D. Smith, H. Chang, K. A. Fuller, A. T. Rosenberger, and R. W. Boyd, “Coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A69(6), 063804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sorolla, M.

F. Martin, J. Bonache, F. Falcone, M. Sorolla, and R. Marques, “Split ring resonator-based left-handed coplanar waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(22), 4652–4654 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Soukoulis, C. M.

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, Th. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(5), 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Planar designs for electromagnetically induced transparency in metamaterials,” Opt. Express17(7), 5595–5605 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Aydin, I. Bulu, K. Guven, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, “Investigation of magnetic resonances for different split-ring resonator parameters and designs,” New J. Phys.7(168), 1–15 (2005).

S. Linden, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. F. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic response of metamaterials at 100 terahertz,” Science306(5700), 1351–1353 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stewart, W. J.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, “Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett.76(25), 4773–4776 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tassin, P.

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, Th. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(5), 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Planar designs for electromagnetically induced transparency in metamaterials,” Opt. Express17(7), 5595–5605 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tomita, M.

K. Totsuka, N. Kobayashi, and M. Tomita, “Slow light in coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(21), 213904 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tong, L.

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Totsuka, K.

K. Totsuka, N. Kobayashi, and M. Tomita, “Slow light in coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(21), 213904 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vitanov, N. V.

V. Yannopapas, E. Paspalakis, and N. V. Vitanov, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and slow light in an array of metallic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B80(3), 035104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(4), 047401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wegener, M.

S. Linden, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. F. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic response of metamaterials at 100 terahertz,” Science306(5700), 1351–1353 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yannopapas, V.

V. Yannopapas, E. Paspalakis, and N. V. Vitanov, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and slow light in an array of metallic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B80(3), 035104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Youngs, I.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, “Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett.76(25), 4773–4776 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, L.

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Planar designs for electromagnetically induced transparency in metamaterials,” Opt. Express17(7), 5595–5605 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, Th. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(5), 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, S.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(4), 047401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, W.

S. Y. Chiam, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, and A. Bettiol, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B80(15), 153103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(4), 047401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, J. F.

S. Linden, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. F. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic response of metamaterials at 100 terahertz,” Science306(5700), 1351–1353 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Am. J. Phys.

C. L. Garrido Alzar, M. A. G. Martinez, and P. Nussenzveig, “Classical analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Am. J. Phys.70(1), 37–41 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

F. Martin, J. Bonache, F. Falcone, M. Sorolla, and R. Marques, “Split ring resonator-based left-handed coplanar waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(22), 4652–4654 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

P. Gay-Balmaz and O. J. F. Martin, “Electromagnetic resonances in individual and coupled split-ring resonators,” J. Appl. Phys.92(5), 2929–2935 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

V. M. Shalaev, “Optical negative-index metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics1(1), 41–48 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics1(4), 224–227 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature

L. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. He, J. Lou, M. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New J. Phys.

K. Aydin, I. Bulu, K. Guven, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, and E. Ozbay, “Investigation of magnetic resonances for different split-ring resonator parameters and designs,” New J. Phys.7(168), 1–15 (2005).

Opt. Express

Phys. Rev. A

D. D. Smith, H. Chang, K. A. Fuller, A. T. Rosenberger, and R. W. Boyd, “Coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. A69(6), 063804 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Naweed, G. Farca, S. I. Shopova, and A. T. Rosenberger, “Induced transparency and absorption in coupled whispering-gallery microresonators,” Phys. Rev. A71(4), 043804 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

V. Yannopapas, E. Paspalakis, and N. V. Vitanov, “Electromagnetically induced transparency and slow light in an array of metallic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B80(3), 035104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Y. Chiam, R. Singh, C. Rockstuhl, F. Lederer, W. Zhang, and A. Bettiol, “Analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency in a terahertz metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B80(15), 153103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Kanté, S. N. Burokur, A. Sellier, A. de Lustrac, and J. M. Lourtioz, “Controlling plasmon hybridization for negative refraction metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B79(7), 075121 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Kanté, A. de Lustrac, and J. M. Lourtioz, “In-plane coupling and field enhancement in infrared metamaterial surfaces,” Phys. Rev. B80(3), 035108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, “Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett.76(25), 4773–4776 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K.-J. Boller, A. Imamolu, and S. E. Harris, “Observation of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.66(20), 2593–2596 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(4), 047401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, Th. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(5), 053901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Totsuka, N. Kobayashi, and M. Tomita, “Slow light in coupled-resonator-induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98(21), 213904 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

E. Ozbay, “Plasmonics: Merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions,” Science311(5758), 189–193 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Linden, C. Enkrich, M. Wegener, J. F. Zhou, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Magnetic response of metamaterials at 100 terahertz,” Science306(5700), 1351–1353 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Concept diagram of the side-coupled CSRR in plasmonic waveguide system.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Transmission spectra of side-coupled U-shaped slot cavity and (b) magnetic field at 1102 nm. (c) Transmission spectra of the CSRR system and (d) magnetic field at 1102 nm. Insets: corresponding diagram of the model.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Magnetic field and (b) electric field of the CSRR at 1046 nm. (c) Magnetic field and (d) electric field of the CSRR at 1166 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Transmission spectra of CSRR with different asymmetry degree s: (a) s = 0 nm; (b) s = 5 nm; (c) s = 10 nm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Magnetic field and (b) electric field of CSRR with asymmetry degree (i.e. s = 10 nm) at 1023 nm. (c) Magnetic field and (d) electric field of CSRR with asymmetry degree (i.e. s = 10 nm) and 1188 nm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Evolution of the transmission spectra of the CSRR with different baffle width g: (a) g = 20 nm; (b) g = 30 nm; (c) g = 40 nm.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Transmission spectra of CSRR with single baffle and (b) magnetic field at 1055 nm. (c) Transmission spectra of cascaded CSRRs and (d) magnetic field at 1055 nm. Insets: corresponding diagram of the structure.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Transmission spectra of the coupled CSRRs with different coupling distances d: (a) 20 nm; (b) 30 nm; (c) 40 nm; (d) 50 nm.

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