Abstract

We analyze the non-uniform electric field distribution in an in-plane-switching blue phase liquid crystal (IPS-BPLC) cell and use the director model to simulate the electro-optical properties of an IPS-BPLC cell using a commercial simulator. The calculated results are in good agreement with the experimental data.

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  1. H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater.1(1), 64–68 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. H. Kikuchi, Y. Haseba, S. Yamamoto, T. Iwata, and H. Higuchi, “Optically isotropic nano-structured liquid crystal composites for display applications,” in SID Symp. Dig. 40, 578–581 (2009).
  3. Z. Ge, S. Gauza, M. Jiao, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optics of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(10), 101104 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Modeling of blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol.5(7), 250–256 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. Rao, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Low voltage blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(23), 231101 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Jiao, Y. Li, and S. T. Wu, “Low voltage and high transmittance blue-phase liquid crystal displays with corrugated electrodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(1), 011102 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Submillisecond gray-level response time of a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol.6(2), 49–51 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. G. de Gennes and J. Prost, The Physics of Liquid Crystals (New York: Oxford Univ., 1993), pp. 320–336.
  9. J. Kerr, “A new relation between electricity and light: Dielectrified media birefringent,” Philos. Mag.50, 337–348 (1875).
  10. P. R. Gerber, “Electro-optical effects of a small-pitch blue-phase system,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.)116(3-4), 197–206 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Philip and T. A. Prasada Rao, “Kerr-effect investigations in a nematic liquid crystal,” Phys. Rev. A46(4), 2163–2165 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. Yan, H.-C. Cheng, S. Gauza, Y. Li, M. Jiao, L. Rao, and S.-T. Wu, “Exteded Kerr effect of polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(7), 071105 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J.-J. Wu, S.-S. Hu, C.-C. Hsu, T.-J. Chen, K.-L. Lee, and Q. Li, “A director Model for the Electro-Optics of Blue Phase Liquid Crystal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(6), 503–505 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  14. D. Demus, J. Goodby, G. W. Gray, H. W. Spiess, and V. Vill, Handbook of Liquid Crystals (Wiley-VCH. Weinheim. New York. Chichester Brisbane. Singapore. Toronto., 1998), 1, p. 269.
  15. J. Yan, M. Jiao, L. Rao, and S.-T. Wu, “Direct measurement of electric-field-induced birefringence in a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal composite,” Opt. Express18(11), 11450–11455 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012

J.-J. Wu, S.-S. Hu, C.-C. Hsu, T.-J. Chen, K.-L. Lee, and Q. Li, “A director Model for the Electro-Optics of Blue Phase Liquid Crystal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(6), 503–505 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2010

J. Yan, M. Jiao, L. Rao, and S.-T. Wu, “Direct measurement of electric-field-induced birefringence in a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal composite,” Opt. Express18(11), 11450–11455 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Jiao, Y. Li, and S. T. Wu, “Low voltage and high transmittance blue-phase liquid crystal displays with corrugated electrodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(1), 011102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Submillisecond gray-level response time of a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol.6(2), 49–51 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Yan, H.-C. Cheng, S. Gauza, Y. Li, M. Jiao, L. Rao, and S.-T. Wu, “Exteded Kerr effect of polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(7), 071105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

Z. Ge, S. Gauza, M. Jiao, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optics of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(10), 101104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Modeling of blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol.5(7), 250–256 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Rao, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Low voltage blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(23), 231101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2002

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater.1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992

J. Philip and T. A. Prasada Rao, “Kerr-effect investigations in a nematic liquid crystal,” Phys. Rev. A46(4), 2163–2165 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985

P. R. Gerber, “Electro-optical effects of a small-pitch blue-phase system,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.)116(3-4), 197–206 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1875

J. Kerr, “A new relation between electricity and light: Dielectrified media birefringent,” Philos. Mag.50, 337–348 (1875).

Chen, K. M.

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Submillisecond gray-level response time of a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol.6(2), 49–51 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, T.-J.

J.-J. Wu, S.-S. Hu, C.-C. Hsu, T.-J. Chen, K.-L. Lee, and Q. Li, “A director Model for the Electro-Optics of Blue Phase Liquid Crystal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(6), 503–505 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, H.-C.

J. Yan, H.-C. Cheng, S. Gauza, Y. Li, M. Jiao, L. Rao, and S.-T. Wu, “Exteded Kerr effect of polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(7), 071105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gauza, S.

J. Yan, H.-C. Cheng, S. Gauza, Y. Li, M. Jiao, L. Rao, and S.-T. Wu, “Exteded Kerr effect of polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(7), 071105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Submillisecond gray-level response time of a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol.6(2), 49–51 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, S. Gauza, M. Jiao, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optics of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(10), 101104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Modeling of blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol.5(7), 250–256 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ge, Z.

Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Modeling of blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol.5(7), 250–256 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Rao, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Low voltage blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(23), 231101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, S. Gauza, M. Jiao, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optics of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(10), 101104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gerber, P. R.

P. R. Gerber, “Electro-optical effects of a small-pitch blue-phase system,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.)116(3-4), 197–206 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Hisakado, Y.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater.1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hsu, C.-C.

J.-J. Wu, S.-S. Hu, C.-C. Hsu, T.-J. Chen, K.-L. Lee, and Q. Li, “A director Model for the Electro-Optics of Blue Phase Liquid Crystal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(6), 503–505 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hu, S.-S.

J.-J. Wu, S.-S. Hu, C.-C. Hsu, T.-J. Chen, K.-L. Lee, and Q. Li, “A director Model for the Electro-Optics of Blue Phase Liquid Crystal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(6), 503–505 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jiao, M.

J. Yan, M. Jiao, L. Rao, and S.-T. Wu, “Direct measurement of electric-field-induced birefringence in a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal composite,” Opt. Express18(11), 11450–11455 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Jiao, Y. Li, and S. T. Wu, “Low voltage and high transmittance blue-phase liquid crystal displays with corrugated electrodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(1), 011102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Yan, H.-C. Cheng, S. Gauza, Y. Li, M. Jiao, L. Rao, and S.-T. Wu, “Exteded Kerr effect of polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(7), 071105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, S. Gauza, M. Jiao, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optics of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(10), 101104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kajiyama, T.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater.1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kerr, J.

J. Kerr, “A new relation between electricity and light: Dielectrified media birefringent,” Philos. Mag.50, 337–348 (1875).

Kikuchi, H.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater.1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, K.-L.

J.-J. Wu, S.-S. Hu, C.-C. Hsu, T.-J. Chen, K.-L. Lee, and Q. Li, “A director Model for the Electro-Optics of Blue Phase Liquid Crystal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(6), 503–505 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. H.

L. Rao, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Low voltage blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(23), 231101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, Q.

J.-J. Wu, S.-S. Hu, C.-C. Hsu, T.-J. Chen, K.-L. Lee, and Q. Li, “A director Model for the Electro-Optics of Blue Phase Liquid Crystal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(6), 503–505 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

J. Yan, H.-C. Cheng, S. Gauza, Y. Li, M. Jiao, L. Rao, and S.-T. Wu, “Exteded Kerr effect of polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(7), 071105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Jiao, Y. Li, and S. T. Wu, “Low voltage and high transmittance blue-phase liquid crystal displays with corrugated electrodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(1), 011102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Philip, J.

J. Philip and T. A. Prasada Rao, “Kerr-effect investigations in a nematic liquid crystal,” Phys. Rev. A46(4), 2163–2165 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prasada Rao, T. A.

J. Philip and T. A. Prasada Rao, “Kerr-effect investigations in a nematic liquid crystal,” Phys. Rev. A46(4), 2163–2165 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rao, L.

J. Yan, H.-C. Cheng, S. Gauza, Y. Li, M. Jiao, L. Rao, and S.-T. Wu, “Exteded Kerr effect of polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(7), 071105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Yan, M. Jiao, L. Rao, and S.-T. Wu, “Direct measurement of electric-field-induced birefringence in a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal composite,” Opt. Express18(11), 11450–11455 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Rao, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Low voltage blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(23), 231101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Modeling of blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol.5(7), 250–256 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J.-J.

J.-J. Wu, S.-S. Hu, C.-C. Hsu, T.-J. Chen, K.-L. Lee, and Q. Li, “A director Model for the Electro-Optics of Blue Phase Liquid Crystal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(6), 503–505 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S. T.

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Submillisecond gray-level response time of a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol.6(2), 49–51 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Jiao, Y. Li, and S. T. Wu, “Low voltage and high transmittance blue-phase liquid crystal displays with corrugated electrodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(1), 011102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Modeling of blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol.5(7), 250–256 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, S. Gauza, M. Jiao, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optics of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(10), 101104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Rao, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Low voltage blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(23), 231101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S.-T.

J. Yan, H.-C. Cheng, S. Gauza, Y. Li, M. Jiao, L. Rao, and S.-T. Wu, “Exteded Kerr effect of polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(7), 071105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Yan, M. Jiao, L. Rao, and S.-T. Wu, “Direct measurement of electric-field-induced birefringence in a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal composite,” Opt. Express18(11), 11450–11455 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xianyu, H.

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Submillisecond gray-level response time of a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol.6(2), 49–51 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, S. Gauza, M. Jiao, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optics of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(10), 101104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yan, J.

J. Yan, H.-C. Cheng, S. Gauza, Y. Li, M. Jiao, L. Rao, and S.-T. Wu, “Exteded Kerr effect of polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(7), 071105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Yan, M. Jiao, L. Rao, and S.-T. Wu, “Direct measurement of electric-field-induced birefringence in a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal composite,” Opt. Express18(11), 11450–11455 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, H.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater.1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yokota, M.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater.1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

Z. Ge, S. Gauza, M. Jiao, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Electro-optics of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(10), 101104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Rao, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Low voltage blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(23), 231101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Jiao, Y. Li, and S. T. Wu, “Low voltage and high transmittance blue-phase liquid crystal displays with corrugated electrodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(1), 011102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Yan, H.-C. Cheng, S. Gauza, Y. Li, M. Jiao, L. Rao, and S.-T. Wu, “Exteded Kerr effect of polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(7), 071105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

J.-J. Wu, S.-S. Hu, C.-C. Hsu, T.-J. Chen, K.-L. Lee, and Q. Li, “A director Model for the Electro-Optics of Blue Phase Liquid Crystal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(6), 503–505 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Disp. Technol.

K. M. Chen, S. Gauza, H. Xianyu, and S. T. Wu, “Submillisecond gray-level response time of a polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystal,” J. Disp. Technol.6(2), 49–51 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Modeling of blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol.5(7), 250–256 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.)

P. R. Gerber, “Electro-optical effects of a small-pitch blue-phase system,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.)116(3-4), 197–206 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater.1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Philos. Mag.

J. Kerr, “A new relation between electricity and light: Dielectrified media birefringent,” Philos. Mag.50, 337–348 (1875).

Phys. Rev. A

J. Philip and T. A. Prasada Rao, “Kerr-effect investigations in a nematic liquid crystal,” Phys. Rev. A46(4), 2163–2165 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

D. Demus, J. Goodby, G. W. Gray, H. W. Spiess, and V. Vill, Handbook of Liquid Crystals (Wiley-VCH. Weinheim. New York. Chichester Brisbane. Singapore. Toronto., 1998), 1, p. 269.

H. Kikuchi, Y. Haseba, S. Yamamoto, T. Iwata, and H. Higuchi, “Optically isotropic nano-structured liquid crystal composites for display applications,” in SID Symp. Dig. 40, 578–581 (2009).

P. G. de Gennes and J. Prost, The Physics of Liquid Crystals (New York: Oxford Univ., 1993), pp. 320–336.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) A theoretical model of a BPLC cell. (b) An HPN cell in simulation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) A normal electric field is applied on the BPLC cell (simulation). (b) A parallel electric field is applied on the IPS-BPLC cell (experiment).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

An IPS-BPLC cell is substituted with multiple HPN cells.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Measured normalized transmittance vs. Vbp. (b) Experimental result and simulation results of the BPLC cell. The voltage multiplier M = 103 is adopted in the simulation.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

f= 1 2 k 11 ( n ) 2 + 1 2 k 22 ( n×n ) 2 + 1 2 k 33 ( n××n ) 2 1 2 Δε ( nE ) 2
1 V b V b | nz |d V b = | cos( π 2 θ ) | =0.5
ϕ bp =( 2π/λ )δn d bp = M z ϕ h
ϕ bp =( 2π/λ )Δn d eff
T= sin 2 ( ϕ bp 2 )
V bp =M V h =3 M z V h =3( D 2 d h ) V h

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