Abstract

Due to its relative low baud rate as well as simple and cost-efficient implementation, dual-carrier polarization-division-multiplexing 16-ary quadrature amplitude modulation (PDM-16QAM) is a promising candidate for the next generation optical systems and networks at 400Gb/s per channel. The co-polarized dual-pump scheme, based on four-wave mixing (FWM) in a 1-km high nonlinear fiber (HNLF), can realize the all-optical wavelength conversion (AOWC) of the dual-carrier PDM-16QAM signal with spectral non-inversion and polarization insensitivity. We first experimentally demonstrated AOWC of the 544-Gbit/s dual-carrier PDM-16QAM signal based on the co-polarized dual-pump scheme. We investigated the conversion efficiency (CE) and optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) of the converted signal at different pump spacing and pump power. We measured that the OSNR penalty is 0.6 dB due to AOWC when the bit-error ratio (BER) and pump spacing is 2 x 10โˆ’2 and 200 GHz, respectively.

© 2012 OSA

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  16. P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, S. Draving, J. Evangelista, and B. Zhu, “Generation and 1,200-km transmission of 448-Gb/s ETDM 56-Gbaud PDM 16-QAM using a single I/Q modulator,” in Proceedings of 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2010, pp. 1–3.
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  18. V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, D. van den Borne, V. Veljanovski, M. Kuschnerov, M. Hirano, Y. Yamamoto, T. Sasaki, S. L. Jansen, and H. de Waardt, “Transmission of 448-Gb/s dual-carrier POLMUX-16QAM over 1230 km with 5 flexi-grid ROADM passes,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference(OFC/NFOEC), 2012, pp. 1–3.

2012

2010

P. J. Winzer, “Beyond 100G ethernet,” IEEE Commun. Mag.48(7), 26–30 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Huang, J. Yu, Y. K. Huang, E. Ip, and G. K. Chang, “Wavelength converter for polarization-multiplexed 100-G transmission with multilevel modulation using a bismuth oxide-based nonlinear fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(24), 1832–1834 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

2006

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, and Z. Zhou, “Reducing polarization sensitivity for all-optical wavelength conversion of the optical packets based on FWM in HNL-DSF using co-polarized pump scheme,” Opt. Commun.260(2), 522–527 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, Z. Jia, X. Sang, Z. Zhou, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, “Wavelength conversion based on four-wave mixing in high-nonlinear dispersion shifted fiber using a dual-pump configuration,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(7), 2851–2858 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

2000

Blumenthal, D. J.

Bowers, J. E.

Cao, Z.

Chang, G. K.

Chen, L.

Chou, H. F.

Clausen, A.

Cole, C.

C. Cole, “Beyond 100G client optics,” IEEE Commun. Mag.50(2), s58–s66 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dong, Z.

Gao, S.

He, S.

Huang, M.

M. Huang, J. Yu, Y. K. Huang, E. Ip, and G. K. Chang, “Wavelength converter for polarization-multiplexed 100-G transmission with multilevel modulation using a bismuth oxide-based nonlinear fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(24), 1832–1834 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu and M. Huang, “Wavelength conversion based on copolarized pumps generated by optical carrier suppression,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(6), 392–394 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Huang, M. F.

Huang, Y. K.

M. Huang, J. Yu, Y. K. Huang, E. Ip, and G. K. Chang, “Wavelength converter for polarization-multiplexed 100-G transmission with multilevel modulation using a bismuth oxide-based nonlinear fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(24), 1832–1834 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ip, E.

M. Huang, J. Yu, Y. K. Huang, E. Ip, and G. K. Chang, “Wavelength converter for polarization-multiplexed 100-G transmission with multilevel modulation using a bismuth oxide-based nonlinear fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(24), 1832–1834 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jeppesen, P.

Jia, Z.

Lu, J.

Ma, J.

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, and Z. Zhou, “Reducing polarization sensitivity for all-optical wavelength conversion of the optical packets based on FWM in HNL-DSF using co-polarized pump scheme,” Opt. Commun.260(2), 522–527 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, Z. Jia, X. Sang, Z. Zhou, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, “Wavelength conversion based on four-wave mixing in high-nonlinear dispersion shifted fiber using a dual-pump configuration,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(7), 2851–2858 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Peucheret, C.

Poulsen, H.

Poulsen, H. N.

Rau, L.

Sang, X.

Wang, T.

Wang, W.

Wen, S.

Winzer, P. J.

P. J. Winzer, “Beyond 100G ethernet,” IEEE Commun. Mag.48(7), 26–30 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xie, Y.

Yu, C.

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, and Z. Zhou, “Reducing polarization sensitivity for all-optical wavelength conversion of the optical packets based on FWM in HNL-DSF using co-polarized pump scheme,” Opt. Commun.260(2), 522–527 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, Z. Jia, X. Sang, Z. Zhou, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, “Wavelength conversion based on four-wave mixing in high-nonlinear dispersion shifted fiber using a dual-pump configuration,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(7), 2851–2858 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

M. Huang, J. Yu, Y. K. Huang, E. Ip, and G. K. Chang, “Wavelength converter for polarization-multiplexed 100-G transmission with multilevel modulation using a bismuth oxide-based nonlinear fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(24), 1832–1834 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu and M. Huang, “Wavelength conversion based on copolarized pumps generated by optical carrier suppression,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(6), 392–394 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. F. Huang, J. Yu, and G. K. Chang, “Polarization insensitive wavelength conversion for 4x112Gbit/s polarization multiplexing RZ-QPSK signals,” Opt. Express16(26), 21161–21169 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, and Z. Zhou, “Reducing polarization sensitivity for all-optical wavelength conversion of the optical packets based on FWM in HNL-DSF using co-polarized pump scheme,” Opt. Commun.260(2), 522–527 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, Z. Jia, X. Sang, Z. Zhou, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, “Wavelength conversion based on four-wave mixing in high-nonlinear dispersion shifted fiber using a dual-pump configuration,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(7), 2851–2858 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, X. Zheng, C. Peucheret, A. Clausen, H. Poulsen, and P. Jeppesen, “All-optical wavelength conversion of short pulses and NRZ signals based on a nonlinear optical loop mirror,” J. Lightwave Technol.18(7), 1007–1017 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, X.

Zhou, Z.

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, Z. Jia, X. Sang, Z. Zhou, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, “Wavelength conversion based on four-wave mixing in high-nonlinear dispersion shifted fiber using a dual-pump configuration,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(7), 2851–2858 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, and Z. Zhou, “Reducing polarization sensitivity for all-optical wavelength conversion of the optical packets based on FWM in HNL-DSF using co-polarized pump scheme,” Opt. Commun.260(2), 522–527 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag.

C. Cole, “Beyond 100G client optics,” IEEE Commun. Mag.50(2), s58–s66 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Winzer, “Beyond 100G ethernet,” IEEE Commun. Mag.48(7), 26–30 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

J. Yu and M. Huang, “Wavelength conversion based on copolarized pumps generated by optical carrier suppression,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(6), 392–394 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Huang, J. Yu, Y. K. Huang, E. Ip, and G. K. Chang, “Wavelength converter for polarization-multiplexed 100-G transmission with multilevel modulation using a bismuth oxide-based nonlinear fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(24), 1832–1834 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Commun.

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, and Z. Zhou, “Reducing polarization sensitivity for all-optical wavelength conversion of the optical packets based on FWM in HNL-DSF using co-polarized pump scheme,” Opt. Commun.260(2), 522–527 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Other

D. van den Borne, V. Sleiffer, M. S. Alfiad, and S. L. Jansen, “Towards 400G and beyond: How to design the next generation of ultra-high capacity transmission systems,” in Proceedings of 16th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC), 2011, pp. 429–432.

M. W. Chbat and S. Spalter, “From 100G to 1000G: Is there a straight road ahead?” in Proceedings of 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2010, pp. 1–16.

M. Camera, B.-E. Olsson, and G. Bruno, “Beyond 100Gbit/s: System implications towards 400G and 1T,” in Proceedings of 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2010, pp. 1–15.

P. J. Winzer, A. H. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, S. Draving, J. Evangelista, and B. Zhu, “Generation and 1,200-km transmission of 448-Gb/s ETDM 56-Gbaud PDM 16-QAM using a single I/Q modulator,” in Proceedings of 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), 2010, pp. 1–3.

J. Yu, Z. Dong, X. Tang, W. Jian, Y. Xia, S. Shi, S. Fan, and G. Chang, “Generation of 432Gb/s single-carrier optical signal by format conversion from QPSK to 16QAM,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference(OFC/NFOEC), 2011, pp. 1–3.

V. A. J. M. Sleiffer, D. van den Borne, V. Veljanovski, M. Kuschnerov, M. Hirano, Y. Yamamoto, T. Sasaki, S. L. Jansen, and H. de Waardt, “Transmission of 448-Gb/s dual-carrier POLMUX-16QAM over 1230 km with 5 flexi-grid ROADM passes,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference(OFC/NFOEC), 2012, pp. 1–3.

P. V. Mamyshev, “All-optical data regeneration based on self-phase modulation effect,” in Proceedings of 24th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (ECOC), 1998, pp. 475–476.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The schematic diagram for (a) single-pump and (b) co-polarized dual-pump all-optical wavelength conversion (AOWC). ECL: external cavity laser, PBS: polarization beam splitter, PBC: polarization beam combiner, ATT: optical attenuator, Pol. Mux: polarization multiplexer, PM-OC: polarization-maintaining optical coupler, DL: delay line, EDFA: Erbium-doped fiber amplifier, HNLF: high nonlinear fiber, WSS: wavelength selective switch, TOF: tunable optical filter, P: pump, S: signal.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The experimental setup for AOWC of the 34-Gbaud dual-carrier PDM-16QAM signal. Inset (a) gives the detailed structure of the optical PDM-16QAM modulator. ECL: external cavity laser, EA: electrical amplifier, Pow. Com: power combiner, PBS: polarization beam splitter, PBC: polarization beam combiner, ATT: optical attenuator, I/Q MOD: I/Q modulator, Pol. Mux: polarization multiplexer, PM-OC: polarization-maintaining optical coupler, DL: delay line, EDFA: Erbium-doped fiber amplifier, HNLF: high nonlinear fiber, WSS: wavelength selective switch, LO: local oscillator, TOF: tunable optical filter, ADC: analog-to-digital converter.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) The optical spectrum before the programmable WSS; (b) The optical spectrum after the programmable WSS.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

OSNR and CE of one sub-channel (C1) versus the pump spacing for the 34-Gbaud PDM-16QAM converted signal. Inset (a) gives the optical spectrum for the 300-GHz pump spacing with CE of โˆ’12-dB, while inset (b) the 400-GHz pump spacing with CE of โˆ’14dB.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

OSNR of one sub-channel (C1) versus the pump power for the 34-Gbaud PDM-16QAM converted signal, corresponding to 200-GHz pump spacing.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

BER versus OSNR of one sub-channel (C1) for the 544-Gb/s dual-carrier PDM-16QAM original signal and converted signal, respectively. Insets (a) and (b) give the constellations of the original signal at 45-dB OSNR and converted signal at 34-dB OSNR, respectively.

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