Abstract

1178 nm single-frequency amplification by Yb doped photonic bandgap fiber has been demonstrated. 24.6 W output power and 12 dB gain were obtained without parasitic lasing and also stimulated Brillouin scattering. 1.8 dB suppression of Brillouin gain by an acoustic antiguiding effect has been found in the Yb doped photonic bandgap fiber.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
  3. C. B. Olausson, C. I. Falk, J. K. Lyngsø, B. B. Jensen, K. T. Therkildsen, J. W. Thomsen, K. P. Hansen, A. Bjarklev, and J. Broeng, “Amplification and ASE suppression in a polarization-maintaining ytterbium-doped all-solid photonic bandgap fibre,” Opt. Express16(18), 13657–13662 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. R. Goto, E. C. Mägi, and S. D. Jackson, “Narrow-linewidth, Yb3+-doped, hybrid microstructured fibre laser operating at 1178 nm,” Electron. Lett.45(17), 877–878 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. B. Olausson, A. Shirakawa, M. Chen, J. K. Lyngsø, J. Broeng, K. P. Hansen, A. Bjarklev, and K. Ueda, “167 W, power scalable ytterbium-doped photonic bandgap fiber amplifier at 1178 nm,” Opt. Express18(16), 16345–16352 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Y. Feng, L. R. Taylor, and D. B. Calia, “25 W Raman-fiber-amplifier-based 589 nm laser for laser guide star,” Opt. Express17(21), 19021–19026 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  19. M. Oskar van Deventer and A. J. Boot, “Polarization Properties of Stimulated Brillouin Scattering in Single-Mode Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol.12(4), 585–590 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  20. M.-J. Li, X. Chen, J. Wang, S. Gray, A. Liu, J. A. Demeritt, A. B. Ruffin, A. M. Crowley, D. T. Walton, and L. A. Zenteno, “Al/Ge co-doped large mode area fiber with high SBS threshold,” Opt. Express15(13), 8290–8299 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. P. D. Dragic, “Brillouin spectroscopy of Nd–Ge co-doped silica fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids355(7), 403–413 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2012

2010

C. B. Olausson, A. Shirakawa, M. Chen, J. K. Lyngsø, J. Broeng, K. P. Hansen, A. Bjarklev, and K. Ueda, “167 W, power scalable ytterbium-doped photonic bandgap fiber amplifier at 1178 nm,” Opt. Express18(16), 16345–16352 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Shirakawa, C. B. Olausson, H. Maruyama, K. Ueda, J. K. Lyngsø, and J. Broeng, “High power ytterbium fiber lasers at extremely long wavelengths by photonic bandgap fiber technology,” Opt. Fiber Technol.16(6), 449–457 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

2007

2006

2005

2003

I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, Y. V. Larionov, O. I. Medvedkov, S. A. Vasiliev, M. A. Melkoumov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. L. Semjonov, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, F. Durr, H. G. Limberger, R.-P. Salathe, and M. Zeller, “Highly Efficient One- and Two- Cascade Raman Laser Based on Phosphosilicate fibers,” Laser Phys.13, 234–239 (2003).

2001

1994

M. Oskar van Deventer and A. J. Boot, “Polarization Properties of Stimulated Brillouin Scattering in Single-Mode Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol.12(4), 585–590 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1989

T. Horiguchi, M. Tateda, N. Shibata, and Y. Azuma, “Brillouin gain variation due to a polarization-state change of the pump or Stokes fields in standard single-mode fibers,” Opt. Lett.14(6), 329–331 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Horiguchi, T. Kurashima, and M. Tateda, “Tensile strain dependence of Brillouin frequency shift in silica optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.1(5), 107–108 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1984

Agrawal, G. P.

Andrekson, P. A.

Azuma, Y.

Bickham, S. R.

Bigot, L.

V. Pureur, L. Bigot, G. Bouwmans, Y. Quiquempois, M. Douay, and Y. Jaouen, “Ytterbium-doped solid core photonic bandgap fiber for laser operation around 980 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(6), 061113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bjarklev, A.

Bonaccini Calia, D.

Boot, A. J.

M. Oskar van Deventer and A. J. Boot, “Polarization Properties of Stimulated Brillouin Scattering in Single-Mode Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol.12(4), 585–590 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bouwmans, G.

V. Pureur, L. Bigot, G. Bouwmans, Y. Quiquempois, M. Douay, and Y. Jaouen, “Ytterbium-doped solid core photonic bandgap fiber for laser operation around 980 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(6), 061113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Broeng, J.

Bubnov, M. M.

I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, Y. V. Larionov, O. I. Medvedkov, S. A. Vasiliev, M. A. Melkoumov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. L. Semjonov, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, F. Durr, H. G. Limberger, R.-P. Salathe, and M. Zeller, “Highly Efficient One- and Two- Cascade Raman Laser Based on Phosphosilicate fibers,” Laser Phys.13, 234–239 (2003).

Bufetov, I. A.

I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, Y. V. Larionov, O. I. Medvedkov, S. A. Vasiliev, M. A. Melkoumov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. L. Semjonov, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, F. Durr, H. G. Limberger, R.-P. Salathe, and M. Zeller, “Highly Efficient One- and Two- Cascade Raman Laser Based on Phosphosilicate fibers,” Laser Phys.13, 234–239 (2003).

Calia, D. B.

Chen, M.

Chen, X.

Chowdhury, D. Q.

Crowley, A. M.

Dajani, I.

Demeritt, J. A.

Dianov, E. M.

I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, Y. V. Larionov, O. I. Medvedkov, S. A. Vasiliev, M. A. Melkoumov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. L. Semjonov, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, F. Durr, H. G. Limberger, R.-P. Salathe, and M. Zeller, “Highly Efficient One- and Two- Cascade Raman Laser Based on Phosphosilicate fibers,” Laser Phys.13, 234–239 (2003).

Douay, M.

V. Pureur, L. Bigot, G. Bouwmans, Y. Quiquempois, M. Douay, and Y. Jaouen, “Ytterbium-doped solid core photonic bandgap fiber for laser operation around 980 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(6), 061113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dragic, P. D.

P. D. Dragic, “Brillouin spectroscopy of Nd–Ge co-doped silica fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids355(7), 403–413 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dross, F.

Durr, F.

I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, Y. V. Larionov, O. I. Medvedkov, S. A. Vasiliev, M. A. Melkoumov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. L. Semjonov, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, F. Durr, H. G. Limberger, R.-P. Salathe, and M. Zeller, “Highly Efficient One- and Two- Cascade Raman Laser Based on Phosphosilicate fibers,” Laser Phys.13, 234–239 (2003).

Falk, C. I.

Fan, X.

Feng, Y.

Gabet, R.

George, A. K.

Goto, R.

R. Goto, E. C. Mägi, and S. D. Jackson, “Narrow-linewidth, Yb3+-doped, hybrid microstructured fibre laser operating at 1178 nm,” Electron. Lett.45(17), 877–878 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gray, S.

Gur’yanov, A. N.

I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, Y. V. Larionov, O. I. Medvedkov, S. A. Vasiliev, M. A. Melkoumov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. L. Semjonov, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, F. Durr, H. G. Limberger, R.-P. Salathe, and M. Zeller, “Highly Efficient One- and Two- Cascade Raman Laser Based on Phosphosilicate fibers,” Laser Phys.13, 234–239 (2003).

Hansen, K. P.

Hansryd, J.

Horiguchi, T.

T. Horiguchi, M. Tateda, N. Shibata, and Y. Azuma, “Brillouin gain variation due to a polarization-state change of the pump or Stokes fields in standard single-mode fibers,” Opt. Lett.14(6), 329–331 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Horiguchi, T. Kurashima, and M. Tateda, “Tensile strain dependence of Brillouin frequency shift in silica optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.1(5), 107–108 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, S. D.

R. Goto, E. C. Mägi, and S. D. Jackson, “Narrow-linewidth, Yb3+-doped, hybrid microstructured fibre laser operating at 1178 nm,” Electron. Lett.45(17), 877–878 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jain, R. K.

Jaouen, Y.

V. Pureur, L. Bigot, G. Bouwmans, Y. Quiquempois, M. Douay, and Y. Jaouen, “Ytterbium-doped solid core photonic bandgap fiber for laser operation around 980 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(6), 061113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jaouën, Y.

Jensen, B. B.

Jiang, S.

Khopin, V. F.

I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, Y. V. Larionov, O. I. Medvedkov, S. A. Vasiliev, M. A. Melkoumov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. L. Semjonov, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, F. Durr, H. G. Limberger, R.-P. Salathe, and M. Zeller, “Highly Efficient One- and Two- Cascade Raman Laser Based on Phosphosilicate fibers,” Laser Phys.13, 234–239 (2003).

Knight, J. C.

Knudsen, S. N.

Kobyakov, A.

Kumar, S.

Kurashima, T.

T. Horiguchi, T. Kurashima, and M. Tateda, “Tensile strain dependence of Brillouin frequency shift in silica optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.1(5), 107–108 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Lanticq, V.

Larionov, Y. V.

I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, Y. V. Larionov, O. I. Medvedkov, S. A. Vasiliev, M. A. Melkoumov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. L. Semjonov, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, F. Durr, H. G. Limberger, R.-P. Salathe, and M. Zeller, “Highly Efficient One- and Two- Cascade Raman Laser Based on Phosphosilicate fibers,” Laser Phys.13, 234–239 (2003).

Lee, C.

Li, M.-J.

Limberger, H. G.

I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, Y. V. Larionov, O. I. Medvedkov, S. A. Vasiliev, M. A. Melkoumov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. L. Semjonov, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, F. Durr, H. G. Limberger, R.-P. Salathe, and M. Zeller, “Highly Efficient One- and Two- Cascade Raman Laser Based on Phosphosilicate fibers,” Laser Phys.13, 234–239 (2003).

Liu, A.

Lyngsø, J. K.

Mägi, E. C.

R. Goto, E. C. Mägi, and S. D. Jackson, “Narrow-linewidth, Yb3+-doped, hybrid microstructured fibre laser operating at 1178 nm,” Electron. Lett.45(17), 877–878 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Maruyama, H.

A. Shirakawa, C. B. Olausson, H. Maruyama, K. Ueda, J. K. Lyngsø, and J. Broeng, “High power ytterbium fiber lasers at extremely long wavelengths by photonic bandgap fiber technology,” Opt. Fiber Technol.16(6), 449–457 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Shirakawa, H. Maruyama, K. Ueda, C. B. Olausson, J. K. Lyngsø, and J. Broeng, “High-power Yb-doped photonic bandgap fiber amplifier at 1150-1200 nm,” Opt. Express17(2), 447–454 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Medvedkov, O. I.

I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, Y. V. Larionov, O. I. Medvedkov, S. A. Vasiliev, M. A. Melkoumov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. L. Semjonov, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, F. Durr, H. G. Limberger, R.-P. Salathe, and M. Zeller, “Highly Efficient One- and Two- Cascade Raman Laser Based on Phosphosilicate fibers,” Laser Phys.13, 234–239 (2003).

Melkoumov, M. A.

I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, Y. V. Larionov, O. I. Medvedkov, S. A. Vasiliev, M. A. Melkoumov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. L. Semjonov, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, F. Durr, H. G. Limberger, R.-P. Salathe, and M. Zeller, “Highly Efficient One- and Two- Cascade Raman Laser Based on Phosphosilicate fibers,” Laser Phys.13, 234–239 (2003).

Mishra, R.

Moreau, G.

Olausson, C. B.

Oskar van Deventer, M.

M. Oskar van Deventer and A. J. Boot, “Polarization Properties of Stimulated Brillouin Scattering in Single-Mode Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol.12(4), 585–590 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Pureur, V.

V. Pureur, L. Bigot, G. Bouwmans, Y. Quiquempois, M. Douay, and Y. Jaouen, “Ytterbium-doped solid core photonic bandgap fiber for laser operation around 980 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(6), 061113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Quiquempois, Y.

V. Pureur, L. Bigot, G. Bouwmans, Y. Quiquempois, M. Douay, and Y. Jaouen, “Ytterbium-doped solid core photonic bandgap fiber for laser operation around 980 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(6), 061113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Robin, C.

Ruffin, A. B.

Rybaltovsky, A. A.

I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, Y. V. Larionov, O. I. Medvedkov, S. A. Vasiliev, M. A. Melkoumov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. L. Semjonov, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, F. Durr, H. G. Limberger, R.-P. Salathe, and M. Zeller, “Highly Efficient One- and Two- Cascade Raman Laser Based on Phosphosilicate fibers,” Laser Phys.13, 234–239 (2003).

Salathe, R.-P.

I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, Y. V. Larionov, O. I. Medvedkov, S. A. Vasiliev, M. A. Melkoumov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. L. Semjonov, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, F. Durr, H. G. Limberger, R.-P. Salathe, and M. Zeller, “Highly Efficient One- and Two- Cascade Raman Laser Based on Phosphosilicate fibers,” Laser Phys.13, 234–239 (2003).

Sauer, M.

Semjonov, S. L.

I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, Y. V. Larionov, O. I. Medvedkov, S. A. Vasiliev, M. A. Melkoumov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. L. Semjonov, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, F. Durr, H. G. Limberger, R.-P. Salathe, and M. Zeller, “Highly Efficient One- and Two- Cascade Raman Laser Based on Phosphosilicate fibers,” Laser Phys.13, 234–239 (2003).

Shibata, N.

Shirakawa, A.

Stolen, R. H.

Taillade, F.

Tateda, M.

T. Horiguchi, M. Tateda, N. Shibata, and Y. Azuma, “Brillouin gain variation due to a polarization-state change of the pump or Stokes fields in standard single-mode fibers,” Opt. Lett.14(6), 329–331 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Horiguchi, T. Kurashima, and M. Tateda, “Tensile strain dependence of Brillouin frequency shift in silica optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.1(5), 107–108 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, L. R.

Therkildsen, K. T.

Thomsen, J. W.

Ueda, K.

Vasiliev, S. A.

I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, Y. V. Larionov, O. I. Medvedkov, S. A. Vasiliev, M. A. Melkoumov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. L. Semjonov, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, F. Durr, H. G. Limberger, R.-P. Salathe, and M. Zeller, “Highly Efficient One- and Two- Cascade Raman Laser Based on Phosphosilicate fibers,” Laser Phys.13, 234–239 (2003).

Vergien, C.

Walton, D. T.

Wang, A.

Wang, J.

Westlund, M.

Zeller, M.

I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, Y. V. Larionov, O. I. Medvedkov, S. A. Vasiliev, M. A. Melkoumov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. L. Semjonov, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, F. Durr, H. G. Limberger, R.-P. Salathe, and M. Zeller, “Highly Efficient One- and Two- Cascade Raman Laser Based on Phosphosilicate fibers,” Laser Phys.13, 234–239 (2003).

Zenteno, L. A.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

V. Pureur, L. Bigot, G. Bouwmans, Y. Quiquempois, M. Douay, and Y. Jaouen, “Ytterbium-doped solid core photonic bandgap fiber for laser operation around 980 nm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(6), 061113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

R. Goto, E. C. Mägi, and S. D. Jackson, “Narrow-linewidth, Yb3+-doped, hybrid microstructured fibre laser operating at 1178 nm,” Electron. Lett.45(17), 877–878 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

T. Horiguchi, T. Kurashima, and M. Tateda, “Tensile strain dependence of Brillouin frequency shift in silica optical fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.1(5), 107–108 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

M. Oskar van Deventer and A. J. Boot, “Polarization Properties of Stimulated Brillouin Scattering in Single-Mode Fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol.12(4), 585–590 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Hansryd, F. Dross, M. Westlund, P. A. Andrekson, and S. N. Knudsen, “Increase of the SBS threshold in a short highly nonlinear fiber by applying a temperature distribution,” J. Lightwave Technol.19(11), 1691–1697 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids

P. D. Dragic, “Brillouin spectroscopy of Nd–Ge co-doped silica fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids355(7), 403–413 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Laser Phys.

I. A. Bufetov, M. M. Bubnov, Y. V. Larionov, O. I. Medvedkov, S. A. Vasiliev, M. A. Melkoumov, A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. L. Semjonov, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Gur’yanov, V. F. Khopin, F. Durr, H. G. Limberger, R.-P. Salathe, and M. Zeller, “Highly Efficient One- and Two- Cascade Raman Laser Based on Phosphosilicate fibers,” Laser Phys.13, 234–239 (2003).

Opt. Express

X. Fan, M. Chen, A. Shirakawa, K. Ueda, C. B. Olausson, J. K. Lyngsø, and J. Broeng, “High power Yb-doped photonic bandgap fiber oscillator at 1178 nm,” Opt. Express20(13), 14471–14476 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Feng, L. R. Taylor, and D. B. Calia, “25 W Raman-fiber-amplifier-based 589 nm laser for laser guide star,” Opt. Express17(21), 19021–19026 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. B. Olausson, A. Shirakawa, M. Chen, J. K. Lyngsø, J. Broeng, K. P. Hansen, A. Bjarklev, and K. Ueda, “167 W, power scalable ytterbium-doped photonic bandgap fiber amplifier at 1178 nm,” Opt. Express18(16), 16345–16352 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M.-J. Li, X. Chen, J. Wang, S. Gray, A. Liu, J. A. Demeritt, A. B. Ruffin, A. M. Crowley, D. T. Walton, and L. A. Zenteno, “Al/Ge co-doped large mode area fiber with high SBS threshold,” Opt. Express15(13), 8290–8299 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Feng, L. R. Taylor, and D. Bonaccini Calia, “Multiwatts narrow linewidth fiber Raman amplifiers,” Opt. Express16(15), 10927–10932 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. B. Olausson, C. I. Falk, J. K. Lyngsø, B. B. Jensen, K. T. Therkildsen, J. W. Thomsen, K. P. Hansen, A. Bjarklev, and J. Broeng, “Amplification and ASE suppression in a polarization-maintaining ytterbium-doped all-solid photonic bandgap fibre,” Opt. Express16(18), 13657–13662 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Shirakawa, H. Maruyama, K. Ueda, C. B. Olausson, J. K. Lyngsø, and J. Broeng, “High-power Yb-doped photonic bandgap fiber amplifier at 1150-1200 nm,” Opt. Express17(2), 447–454 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kobyakov, S. Kumar, D. Q. Chowdhury, A. B. Ruffin, M. Sauer, S. R. Bickham, and R. Mishra, “Design concept for optical fibers with enhanced SBS threshold,” Opt. Express13(14), 5338–5346 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Fiber Technol.

A. Shirakawa, C. B. Olausson, H. Maruyama, K. Ueda, J. K. Lyngsø, and J. Broeng, “High power ytterbium fiber lasers at extremely long wavelengths by photonic bandgap fiber technology,” Opt. Fiber Technol.16(6), 449–457 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

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Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Microscope images of (a) the photonic bandgap structure around the core and (b) the pump-cladding structure. (c) CCD image of the near field at 1178 nm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup of 1178 nm single-frequency amplification. ISO: isolator; YFL: Yb-doped fiber laser; BS: beam sampler.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

External cavity laser diode composed of the quantum-dot based InAs/GaAs gain chip and the diffraction grating (1600 lines/mm).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

ASE spectra from the angled facet of the quantum-dot based InAs/GaAs gain chip at different LD currents.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) EC-LD output power as a function of the LD current. (b) Laser spectra at different LD currents obtained by an OSA with a resolution of 0.02 nm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Normalized Raman gain spectra of silica fiber (black curve) and phosphosilicate fiber (red dashed curve). (b) Normalized Brillouin gain spectra of HI1060 (black curve) and PDF (red dashed curve). The pump wavelength is 1178 nm.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Output power properties of the FRA with hybrid Raman fiber configuration. The forward (red filled squares) and backward (blue filled circles) output powers are shown. (b) Beat spectra of the seed (black curve) and the amplifier (red curve) measured by delayed self-heterodyne detection.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) Signal output power and the backward output power from the Yb-PBGF amplifier. (b) Output spectra of the seed (black curve) and the amplifier (blue curve).

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Measured beat spectra of the seed (black curve) and the amplified output (red curve) by the self-delayed heterodyne detection.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Setup of the Brillouin gain spectrum measurement by a pump-probe method. Coupler-1 to −3 were 3 dB couplers and Coupler-4 was a 30 dB tap coupler for pump power attenuation. FR: Faraday rotator, PD: photo detector (cutoff frequency 16 GHz), RF-SA: radio frequency spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Brillouin gain spectra of the Yb-PBGF (red curve) and 1060XP (blue curve).

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Acoustic Properties of Yb-PBGF and 1060XP

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