Abstract

A lidar for measuring fluorescence from atmospheric aerosols was constructed with a third harmonic Nd:YAG laser, a 1-m diameter telescope, and a 32-channel time-resolved photon-counting spectrometer system. Fluorescence spectrum and vertical distribution of fluorescent aerosols in the lower atmosphere were observed during the nighttime with excitation at 355 nm. Relatively strong broad fluorescence was observed from Asian dust and air-pollution aerosols transported from urban and industrial areas. Rough estimates of the fluorescence efficiency were given for these aerosols. The intensity of the total fluorescence over the spectral range from 420 to 510 nm was comparable to that of nitrogen vibrational Raman scattering. That indicates the possibility of making a compact Raman-Mie-fluorescence lidar for aerosol monitoring.

© 2012 OSA

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2012 (1)

C. Pöhlker, J. A. Huffman, and U. Poschl, “Autofluorescence of atmospheric bioaerosols - fluorescent biomolecules and potential interferences,” Atmos. Meas. Tech.5(1), 37–71 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (5)

S. Veerabuthiran and A. K. Razdan, “Parametric studies of fluorescence LIDAR for detection of biological warfare agents in the atmosphere,” J. Battlefield Tech.14, 5–12 (2011).

Y.-L. Pan, S. C. Hill, R. G. Pinnick, J. M. House, R. C. Flagan, and R. K. Chang, “Dual-excitation-wavelength fluorescence spectra and elastic scattering for differentiation of single airborne pollen and fungal particles,” Atmos. Environ.45(8), 1555–1563 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. Sivaprakasam, H.-B. Lin, A. L. Huston, and J. D. Eversole, “Spectral characterization of biological aerosol particles using two-wavelength excited laser-induced fluorescence and elastic scattering measurements,” Opt. Express19(7), 6191–6208 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Kobayashi, S. Morosawa, T. Maki, M. Kakikawa, M. Yamada, Y. Tobo, C.-S. Hon, S. Matsuki, and Y. Iwasaka, “Atmospheric bioaerosol, bacillus sp., at an altitude of 3,500 m over the Noto Peninsula: Direct sampling via aircraft,” Asian J. Atmos. Environ.5(3), 164–171 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Tatarov, D. Müller, D. H. Shin, S. K. Shin, I. Mattis, P. Seifert, Y. M. Noh, Y. J. Kim, and N. Sugimoto, “Lidar measurements of Raman scattering at ultraviolet wavelength from mineral dust over East Asia,” Opt. Express19(2), 1569–1581 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

T. Maki, S. Susuki, F. Kobayashi, M. Kakikawa, Y. Tobo, M. Yamada, T. Higashi, A. Matsuki, C. Hong, H. Hasegawa, and Y. Iwasaka, “Phylogenetic analysis of atmospheric halotolerant bacterial communities at high altitude in an Asian dust (KOSA) arrival region, Suzu City,” Sci. Total Environ.408(20), 4556–4562 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, A. Shimizu, T. Nishizawa, Y. Hara, C. Xie, I. Uno, K. Yumimoto, Z. Wang, and S.-C. Yoon, “Lidar Network Observations of Troposheric Aerosols,” Proc. SPIE7153, 71530A, 71530A-13 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

F. Immler, D. Engelbart, and O. Schrems, “Fluorescence from atmospheric aerosol detected by a lidar indicates biogenic particles in the lowermost stratosphere,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.5(2), 345–355 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

V. Sivaprakasam, A. L. Huston, C. Scotto, and J. D. Eversole, “Multiple UV wavelength excitation and fluorescence of bioaerosols,” Opt. Express12(19), 4457–4466 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Shimizu, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, I. Uno, T. Murayama, N. Kagawa, K. Aoki, A. Uchiyama, and A. Yamazaki, “Continuous observations of Asian dust and other aerosols by polarization lidar in China and Japan during ACE-Asia,” J. Geophys. Res.109(D19), D19S17 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. F. Eck, A. Smirnov, Y. J. Kaufman, M. D. King, D. Tanre, and I. Slutsker, “Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations,” J. Atmos. Sci.59(3), 590–608 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

1999 (1)

S. C. Hill, R. G. Pinnick, S. Niles, Y.-L. Pan, S. Holler, R. K. Chang, J. Bottiger, B. T. Chen, C.-S. Orr, and G. Feather, “Real-time measurement of fluorescence spectra from single airborne biological particles,” Field Anal. Chem. Technol.3(4–5), 221–239 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Althausen, D.

Aoki, K.

A. Shimizu, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, I. Uno, T. Murayama, N. Kagawa, K. Aoki, A. Uchiyama, and A. Yamazaki, “Continuous observations of Asian dust and other aerosols by polarization lidar in China and Japan during ACE-Asia,” J. Geophys. Res.109(D19), D19S17 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Arao, K.

A. Shimizu, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, I. Uno, T. Murayama, N. Kagawa, K. Aoki, A. Uchiyama, and A. Yamazaki, “Continuous observations of Asian dust and other aerosols by polarization lidar in China and Japan during ACE-Asia,” J. Geophys. Res.109(D19), D19S17 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bottiger, J.

S. C. Hill, R. G. Pinnick, S. Niles, Y.-L. Pan, S. Holler, R. K. Chang, J. Bottiger, B. T. Chen, C.-S. Orr, and G. Feather, “Real-time measurement of fluorescence spectra from single airborne biological particles,” Field Anal. Chem. Technol.3(4–5), 221–239 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chang, R. K.

Y.-L. Pan, S. C. Hill, R. G. Pinnick, J. M. House, R. C. Flagan, and R. K. Chang, “Dual-excitation-wavelength fluorescence spectra and elastic scattering for differentiation of single airborne pollen and fungal particles,” Atmos. Environ.45(8), 1555–1563 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Hill, R. G. Pinnick, S. Niles, Y.-L. Pan, S. Holler, R. K. Chang, J. Bottiger, B. T. Chen, C.-S. Orr, and G. Feather, “Real-time measurement of fluorescence spectra from single airborne biological particles,” Field Anal. Chem. Technol.3(4–5), 221–239 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chen, B. T.

S. C. Hill, R. G. Pinnick, S. Niles, Y.-L. Pan, S. Holler, R. K. Chang, J. Bottiger, B. T. Chen, C.-S. Orr, and G. Feather, “Real-time measurement of fluorescence spectra from single airborne biological particles,” Field Anal. Chem. Technol.3(4–5), 221–239 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dubovik, O.

O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. F. Eck, A. Smirnov, Y. J. Kaufman, M. D. King, D. Tanre, and I. Slutsker, “Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations,” J. Atmos. Sci.59(3), 590–608 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Eck, T. F.

O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. F. Eck, A. Smirnov, Y. J. Kaufman, M. D. King, D. Tanre, and I. Slutsker, “Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations,” J. Atmos. Sci.59(3), 590–608 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Engelbart, D.

F. Immler, D. Engelbart, and O. Schrems, “Fluorescence from atmospheric aerosol detected by a lidar indicates biogenic particles in the lowermost stratosphere,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.5(2), 345–355 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Eversole, J. D.

Feather, G.

S. C. Hill, R. G. Pinnick, S. Niles, Y.-L. Pan, S. Holler, R. K. Chang, J. Bottiger, B. T. Chen, C.-S. Orr, and G. Feather, “Real-time measurement of fluorescence spectra from single airborne biological particles,” Field Anal. Chem. Technol.3(4–5), 221–239 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fiebig, M.

Flagan, R. C.

Y.-L. Pan, S. C. Hill, R. G. Pinnick, J. M. House, R. C. Flagan, and R. K. Chang, “Dual-excitation-wavelength fluorescence spectra and elastic scattering for differentiation of single airborne pollen and fungal particles,” Atmos. Environ.45(8), 1555–1563 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hara, Y.

N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, A. Shimizu, T. Nishizawa, Y. Hara, C. Xie, I. Uno, K. Yumimoto, Z. Wang, and S.-C. Yoon, “Lidar Network Observations of Troposheric Aerosols,” Proc. SPIE7153, 71530A, 71530A-13 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hasegawa, H.

T. Maki, S. Susuki, F. Kobayashi, M. Kakikawa, Y. Tobo, M. Yamada, T. Higashi, A. Matsuki, C. Hong, H. Hasegawa, and Y. Iwasaka, “Phylogenetic analysis of atmospheric halotolerant bacterial communities at high altitude in an Asian dust (KOSA) arrival region, Suzu City,” Sci. Total Environ.408(20), 4556–4562 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hernberg, R.

Higashi, T.

T. Maki, S. Susuki, F. Kobayashi, M. Kakikawa, Y. Tobo, M. Yamada, T. Higashi, A. Matsuki, C. Hong, H. Hasegawa, and Y. Iwasaka, “Phylogenetic analysis of atmospheric halotolerant bacterial communities at high altitude in an Asian dust (KOSA) arrival region, Suzu City,” Sci. Total Environ.408(20), 4556–4562 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hill, S. C.

Y.-L. Pan, S. C. Hill, R. G. Pinnick, J. M. House, R. C. Flagan, and R. K. Chang, “Dual-excitation-wavelength fluorescence spectra and elastic scattering for differentiation of single airborne pollen and fungal particles,” Atmos. Environ.45(8), 1555–1563 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Hill, R. G. Pinnick, S. Niles, Y.-L. Pan, S. Holler, R. K. Chang, J. Bottiger, B. T. Chen, C.-S. Orr, and G. Feather, “Real-time measurement of fluorescence spectra from single airborne biological particles,” Field Anal. Chem. Technol.3(4–5), 221–239 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Holben, B.

O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. F. Eck, A. Smirnov, Y. J. Kaufman, M. D. King, D. Tanre, and I. Slutsker, “Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations,” J. Atmos. Sci.59(3), 590–608 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Holler, S.

S. C. Hill, R. G. Pinnick, S. Niles, Y.-L. Pan, S. Holler, R. K. Chang, J. Bottiger, B. T. Chen, C.-S. Orr, and G. Feather, “Real-time measurement of fluorescence spectra from single airborne biological particles,” Field Anal. Chem. Technol.3(4–5), 221–239 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hon, C.-S.

F. Kobayashi, S. Morosawa, T. Maki, M. Kakikawa, M. Yamada, Y. Tobo, C.-S. Hon, S. Matsuki, and Y. Iwasaka, “Atmospheric bioaerosol, bacillus sp., at an altitude of 3,500 m over the Noto Peninsula: Direct sampling via aircraft,” Asian J. Atmos. Environ.5(3), 164–171 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hong, C.

T. Maki, S. Susuki, F. Kobayashi, M. Kakikawa, Y. Tobo, M. Yamada, T. Higashi, A. Matsuki, C. Hong, H. Hasegawa, and Y. Iwasaka, “Phylogenetic analysis of atmospheric halotolerant bacterial communities at high altitude in an Asian dust (KOSA) arrival region, Suzu City,” Sci. Total Environ.408(20), 4556–4562 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

House, J. M.

Y.-L. Pan, S. C. Hill, R. G. Pinnick, J. M. House, R. C. Flagan, and R. K. Chang, “Dual-excitation-wavelength fluorescence spectra and elastic scattering for differentiation of single airborne pollen and fungal particles,” Atmos. Environ.45(8), 1555–1563 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Huffman, J. A.

C. Pöhlker, J. A. Huffman, and U. Poschl, “Autofluorescence of atmospheric bioaerosols - fluorescent biomolecules and potential interferences,” Atmos. Meas. Tech.5(1), 37–71 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Huston, A. L.

Immler, F.

F. Immler, D. Engelbart, and O. Schrems, “Fluorescence from atmospheric aerosol detected by a lidar indicates biogenic particles in the lowermost stratosphere,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.5(2), 345–355 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Iwasaka, Y.

F. Kobayashi, S. Morosawa, T. Maki, M. Kakikawa, M. Yamada, Y. Tobo, C.-S. Hon, S. Matsuki, and Y. Iwasaka, “Atmospheric bioaerosol, bacillus sp., at an altitude of 3,500 m over the Noto Peninsula: Direct sampling via aircraft,” Asian J. Atmos. Environ.5(3), 164–171 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Maki, S. Susuki, F. Kobayashi, M. Kakikawa, Y. Tobo, M. Yamada, T. Higashi, A. Matsuki, C. Hong, H. Hasegawa, and Y. Iwasaka, “Phylogenetic analysis of atmospheric halotolerant bacterial communities at high altitude in an Asian dust (KOSA) arrival region, Suzu City,” Sci. Total Environ.408(20), 4556–4562 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kagawa, N.

A. Shimizu, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, I. Uno, T. Murayama, N. Kagawa, K. Aoki, A. Uchiyama, and A. Yamazaki, “Continuous observations of Asian dust and other aerosols by polarization lidar in China and Japan during ACE-Asia,” J. Geophys. Res.109(D19), D19S17 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kakikawa, M.

F. Kobayashi, S. Morosawa, T. Maki, M. Kakikawa, M. Yamada, Y. Tobo, C.-S. Hon, S. Matsuki, and Y. Iwasaka, “Atmospheric bioaerosol, bacillus sp., at an altitude of 3,500 m over the Noto Peninsula: Direct sampling via aircraft,” Asian J. Atmos. Environ.5(3), 164–171 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Maki, S. Susuki, F. Kobayashi, M. Kakikawa, Y. Tobo, M. Yamada, T. Higashi, A. Matsuki, C. Hong, H. Hasegawa, and Y. Iwasaka, “Phylogenetic analysis of atmospheric halotolerant bacterial communities at high altitude in an Asian dust (KOSA) arrival region, Suzu City,” Sci. Total Environ.408(20), 4556–4562 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaufman, Y. J.

O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. F. Eck, A. Smirnov, Y. J. Kaufman, M. D. King, D. Tanre, and I. Slutsker, “Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations,” J. Atmos. Sci.59(3), 590–608 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Keskinen, J.

Kim, Y. J.

King, M. D.

O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. F. Eck, A. Smirnov, Y. J. Kaufman, M. D. King, D. Tanre, and I. Slutsker, “Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations,” J. Atmos. Sci.59(3), 590–608 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, F.

F. Kobayashi, S. Morosawa, T. Maki, M. Kakikawa, M. Yamada, Y. Tobo, C.-S. Hon, S. Matsuki, and Y. Iwasaka, “Atmospheric bioaerosol, bacillus sp., at an altitude of 3,500 m over the Noto Peninsula: Direct sampling via aircraft,” Asian J. Atmos. Environ.5(3), 164–171 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Maki, S. Susuki, F. Kobayashi, M. Kakikawa, Y. Tobo, M. Yamada, T. Higashi, A. Matsuki, C. Hong, H. Hasegawa, and Y. Iwasaka, “Phylogenetic analysis of atmospheric halotolerant bacterial communities at high altitude in an Asian dust (KOSA) arrival region, Suzu City,” Sci. Total Environ.408(20), 4556–4562 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, H.-B.

Maki, T.

F. Kobayashi, S. Morosawa, T. Maki, M. Kakikawa, M. Yamada, Y. Tobo, C.-S. Hon, S. Matsuki, and Y. Iwasaka, “Atmospheric bioaerosol, bacillus sp., at an altitude of 3,500 m over the Noto Peninsula: Direct sampling via aircraft,” Asian J. Atmos. Environ.5(3), 164–171 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Maki, S. Susuki, F. Kobayashi, M. Kakikawa, Y. Tobo, M. Yamada, T. Higashi, A. Matsuki, C. Hong, H. Hasegawa, and Y. Iwasaka, “Phylogenetic analysis of atmospheric halotolerant bacterial communities at high altitude in an Asian dust (KOSA) arrival region, Suzu City,” Sci. Total Environ.408(20), 4556–4562 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Manninen, A.

Marjamäki, M.

Matsui, I.

N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, A. Shimizu, T. Nishizawa, Y. Hara, C. Xie, I. Uno, K. Yumimoto, Z. Wang, and S.-C. Yoon, “Lidar Network Observations of Troposheric Aerosols,” Proc. SPIE7153, 71530A, 71530A-13 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Shimizu, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, I. Uno, T. Murayama, N. Kagawa, K. Aoki, A. Uchiyama, and A. Yamazaki, “Continuous observations of Asian dust and other aerosols by polarization lidar in China and Japan during ACE-Asia,” J. Geophys. Res.109(D19), D19S17 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Matsuki, A.

T. Maki, S. Susuki, F. Kobayashi, M. Kakikawa, Y. Tobo, M. Yamada, T. Higashi, A. Matsuki, C. Hong, H. Hasegawa, and Y. Iwasaka, “Phylogenetic analysis of atmospheric halotolerant bacterial communities at high altitude in an Asian dust (KOSA) arrival region, Suzu City,” Sci. Total Environ.408(20), 4556–4562 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matsuki, S.

F. Kobayashi, S. Morosawa, T. Maki, M. Kakikawa, M. Yamada, Y. Tobo, C.-S. Hon, S. Matsuki, and Y. Iwasaka, “Atmospheric bioaerosol, bacillus sp., at an altitude of 3,500 m over the Noto Peninsula: Direct sampling via aircraft,” Asian J. Atmos. Environ.5(3), 164–171 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mattis, I.

Morosawa, S.

F. Kobayashi, S. Morosawa, T. Maki, M. Kakikawa, M. Yamada, Y. Tobo, C.-S. Hon, S. Matsuki, and Y. Iwasaka, “Atmospheric bioaerosol, bacillus sp., at an altitude of 3,500 m over the Noto Peninsula: Direct sampling via aircraft,” Asian J. Atmos. Environ.5(3), 164–171 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Müller, D.

Murayama, T.

A. Shimizu, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, I. Uno, T. Murayama, N. Kagawa, K. Aoki, A. Uchiyama, and A. Yamazaki, “Continuous observations of Asian dust and other aerosols by polarization lidar in China and Japan during ACE-Asia,” J. Geophys. Res.109(D19), D19S17 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Niles, S.

S. C. Hill, R. G. Pinnick, S. Niles, Y.-L. Pan, S. Holler, R. K. Chang, J. Bottiger, B. T. Chen, C.-S. Orr, and G. Feather, “Real-time measurement of fluorescence spectra from single airborne biological particles,” Field Anal. Chem. Technol.3(4–5), 221–239 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nishizawa, T.

N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, A. Shimizu, T. Nishizawa, Y. Hara, C. Xie, I. Uno, K. Yumimoto, Z. Wang, and S.-C. Yoon, “Lidar Network Observations of Troposheric Aerosols,” Proc. SPIE7153, 71530A, 71530A-13 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Noh, Y. M.

Orr, C.-S.

S. C. Hill, R. G. Pinnick, S. Niles, Y.-L. Pan, S. Holler, R. K. Chang, J. Bottiger, B. T. Chen, C.-S. Orr, and G. Feather, “Real-time measurement of fluorescence spectra from single airborne biological particles,” Field Anal. Chem. Technol.3(4–5), 221–239 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pan, Y.-L.

Y.-L. Pan, S. C. Hill, R. G. Pinnick, J. M. House, R. C. Flagan, and R. K. Chang, “Dual-excitation-wavelength fluorescence spectra and elastic scattering for differentiation of single airborne pollen and fungal particles,” Atmos. Environ.45(8), 1555–1563 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Hill, R. G. Pinnick, S. Niles, Y.-L. Pan, S. Holler, R. K. Chang, J. Bottiger, B. T. Chen, C.-S. Orr, and G. Feather, “Real-time measurement of fluorescence spectra from single airborne biological particles,” Field Anal. Chem. Technol.3(4–5), 221–239 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pinnick, R. G.

Y.-L. Pan, S. C. Hill, R. G. Pinnick, J. M. House, R. C. Flagan, and R. K. Chang, “Dual-excitation-wavelength fluorescence spectra and elastic scattering for differentiation of single airborne pollen and fungal particles,” Atmos. Environ.45(8), 1555–1563 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Hill, R. G. Pinnick, S. Niles, Y.-L. Pan, S. Holler, R. K. Chang, J. Bottiger, B. T. Chen, C.-S. Orr, and G. Feather, “Real-time measurement of fluorescence spectra from single airborne biological particles,” Field Anal. Chem. Technol.3(4–5), 221–239 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pöhlker, C.

C. Pöhlker, J. A. Huffman, and U. Poschl, “Autofluorescence of atmospheric bioaerosols - fluorescent biomolecules and potential interferences,” Atmos. Meas. Tech.5(1), 37–71 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Poschl, U.

C. Pöhlker, J. A. Huffman, and U. Poschl, “Autofluorescence of atmospheric bioaerosols - fluorescent biomolecules and potential interferences,” Atmos. Meas. Tech.5(1), 37–71 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Putkiranta, M.

Razdan, A. K.

S. Veerabuthiran and A. K. Razdan, “Parametric studies of fluorescence LIDAR for detection of biological warfare agents in the atmosphere,” J. Battlefield Tech.14, 5–12 (2011).

Rostedt, A.

Saarela, J.

Schrems, O.

F. Immler, D. Engelbart, and O. Schrems, “Fluorescence from atmospheric aerosol detected by a lidar indicates biogenic particles in the lowermost stratosphere,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.5(2), 345–355 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Scotto, C.

Seifert, P.

Shimizu, A.

N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, A. Shimizu, T. Nishizawa, Y. Hara, C. Xie, I. Uno, K. Yumimoto, Z. Wang, and S.-C. Yoon, “Lidar Network Observations of Troposheric Aerosols,” Proc. SPIE7153, 71530A, 71530A-13 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Shimizu, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, I. Uno, T. Murayama, N. Kagawa, K. Aoki, A. Uchiyama, and A. Yamazaki, “Continuous observations of Asian dust and other aerosols by polarization lidar in China and Japan during ACE-Asia,” J. Geophys. Res.109(D19), D19S17 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shin, D. H.

Shin, S. K.

Sivaprakasam, V.

Slutsker, I.

O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. F. Eck, A. Smirnov, Y. J. Kaufman, M. D. King, D. Tanre, and I. Slutsker, “Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations,” J. Atmos. Sci.59(3), 590–608 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Smirnov, A.

O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. F. Eck, A. Smirnov, Y. J. Kaufman, M. D. King, D. Tanre, and I. Slutsker, “Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations,” J. Atmos. Sci.59(3), 590–608 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sorvajärvi, T.

Sugimoto, N.

B. Tatarov, D. Müller, D. H. Shin, S. K. Shin, I. Mattis, P. Seifert, Y. M. Noh, Y. J. Kim, and N. Sugimoto, “Lidar measurements of Raman scattering at ultraviolet wavelength from mineral dust over East Asia,” Opt. Express19(2), 1569–1581 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, A. Shimizu, T. Nishizawa, Y. Hara, C. Xie, I. Uno, K. Yumimoto, Z. Wang, and S.-C. Yoon, “Lidar Network Observations of Troposheric Aerosols,” Proc. SPIE7153, 71530A, 71530A-13 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Shimizu, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, I. Uno, T. Murayama, N. Kagawa, K. Aoki, A. Uchiyama, and A. Yamazaki, “Continuous observations of Asian dust and other aerosols by polarization lidar in China and Japan during ACE-Asia,” J. Geophys. Res.109(D19), D19S17 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Susuki, S.

T. Maki, S. Susuki, F. Kobayashi, M. Kakikawa, Y. Tobo, M. Yamada, T. Higashi, A. Matsuki, C. Hong, H. Hasegawa, and Y. Iwasaka, “Phylogenetic analysis of atmospheric halotolerant bacterial communities at high altitude in an Asian dust (KOSA) arrival region, Suzu City,” Sci. Total Environ.408(20), 4556–4562 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tanre, D.

O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. F. Eck, A. Smirnov, Y. J. Kaufman, M. D. King, D. Tanre, and I. Slutsker, “Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations,” J. Atmos. Sci.59(3), 590–608 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tatarov, B.

Tobo, Y.

F. Kobayashi, S. Morosawa, T. Maki, M. Kakikawa, M. Yamada, Y. Tobo, C.-S. Hon, S. Matsuki, and Y. Iwasaka, “Atmospheric bioaerosol, bacillus sp., at an altitude of 3,500 m over the Noto Peninsula: Direct sampling via aircraft,” Asian J. Atmos. Environ.5(3), 164–171 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Maki, S. Susuki, F. Kobayashi, M. Kakikawa, Y. Tobo, M. Yamada, T. Higashi, A. Matsuki, C. Hong, H. Hasegawa, and Y. Iwasaka, “Phylogenetic analysis of atmospheric halotolerant bacterial communities at high altitude in an Asian dust (KOSA) arrival region, Suzu City,” Sci. Total Environ.408(20), 4556–4562 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Toivonen, J.

Uchiyama, A.

A. Shimizu, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, I. Uno, T. Murayama, N. Kagawa, K. Aoki, A. Uchiyama, and A. Yamazaki, “Continuous observations of Asian dust and other aerosols by polarization lidar in China and Japan during ACE-Asia,” J. Geophys. Res.109(D19), D19S17 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Uno, I.

N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, A. Shimizu, T. Nishizawa, Y. Hara, C. Xie, I. Uno, K. Yumimoto, Z. Wang, and S.-C. Yoon, “Lidar Network Observations of Troposheric Aerosols,” Proc. SPIE7153, 71530A, 71530A-13 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Shimizu, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, I. Uno, T. Murayama, N. Kagawa, K. Aoki, A. Uchiyama, and A. Yamazaki, “Continuous observations of Asian dust and other aerosols by polarization lidar in China and Japan during ACE-Asia,” J. Geophys. Res.109(D19), D19S17 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Veerabuthiran, S.

S. Veerabuthiran and A. K. Razdan, “Parametric studies of fluorescence LIDAR for detection of biological warfare agents in the atmosphere,” J. Battlefield Tech.14, 5–12 (2011).

Wandinger, U.

Wang, Z.

N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, A. Shimizu, T. Nishizawa, Y. Hara, C. Xie, I. Uno, K. Yumimoto, Z. Wang, and S.-C. Yoon, “Lidar Network Observations of Troposheric Aerosols,” Proc. SPIE7153, 71530A, 71530A-13 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xie, C.

N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, A. Shimizu, T. Nishizawa, Y. Hara, C. Xie, I. Uno, K. Yumimoto, Z. Wang, and S.-C. Yoon, “Lidar Network Observations of Troposheric Aerosols,” Proc. SPIE7153, 71530A, 71530A-13 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, M.

F. Kobayashi, S. Morosawa, T. Maki, M. Kakikawa, M. Yamada, Y. Tobo, C.-S. Hon, S. Matsuki, and Y. Iwasaka, “Atmospheric bioaerosol, bacillus sp., at an altitude of 3,500 m over the Noto Peninsula: Direct sampling via aircraft,” Asian J. Atmos. Environ.5(3), 164–171 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Maki, S. Susuki, F. Kobayashi, M. Kakikawa, Y. Tobo, M. Yamada, T. Higashi, A. Matsuki, C. Hong, H. Hasegawa, and Y. Iwasaka, “Phylogenetic analysis of atmospheric halotolerant bacterial communities at high altitude in an Asian dust (KOSA) arrival region, Suzu City,” Sci. Total Environ.408(20), 4556–4562 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamazaki, A.

A. Shimizu, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, I. Uno, T. Murayama, N. Kagawa, K. Aoki, A. Uchiyama, and A. Yamazaki, “Continuous observations of Asian dust and other aerosols by polarization lidar in China and Japan during ACE-Asia,” J. Geophys. Res.109(D19), D19S17 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yoon, S.-C.

N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, A. Shimizu, T. Nishizawa, Y. Hara, C. Xie, I. Uno, K. Yumimoto, Z. Wang, and S.-C. Yoon, “Lidar Network Observations of Troposheric Aerosols,” Proc. SPIE7153, 71530A, 71530A-13 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yumimoto, K.

N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, A. Shimizu, T. Nishizawa, Y. Hara, C. Xie, I. Uno, K. Yumimoto, Z. Wang, and S.-C. Yoon, “Lidar Network Observations of Troposheric Aerosols,” Proc. SPIE7153, 71530A, 71530A-13 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Asian J. Atmos. Environ. (1)

F. Kobayashi, S. Morosawa, T. Maki, M. Kakikawa, M. Yamada, Y. Tobo, C.-S. Hon, S. Matsuki, and Y. Iwasaka, “Atmospheric bioaerosol, bacillus sp., at an altitude of 3,500 m over the Noto Peninsula: Direct sampling via aircraft,” Asian J. Atmos. Environ.5(3), 164–171 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Atmos. Chem. Phys. (1)

F. Immler, D. Engelbart, and O. Schrems, “Fluorescence from atmospheric aerosol detected by a lidar indicates biogenic particles in the lowermost stratosphere,” Atmos. Chem. Phys.5(2), 345–355 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Atmos. Environ. (1)

Y.-L. Pan, S. C. Hill, R. G. Pinnick, J. M. House, R. C. Flagan, and R. K. Chang, “Dual-excitation-wavelength fluorescence spectra and elastic scattering for differentiation of single airborne pollen and fungal particles,” Atmos. Environ.45(8), 1555–1563 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Atmos. Meas. Tech. (1)

C. Pöhlker, J. A. Huffman, and U. Poschl, “Autofluorescence of atmospheric bioaerosols - fluorescent biomolecules and potential interferences,” Atmos. Meas. Tech.5(1), 37–71 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Field Anal. Chem. Technol. (1)

S. C. Hill, R. G. Pinnick, S. Niles, Y.-L. Pan, S. Holler, R. K. Chang, J. Bottiger, B. T. Chen, C.-S. Orr, and G. Feather, “Real-time measurement of fluorescence spectra from single airborne biological particles,” Field Anal. Chem. Technol.3(4–5), 221–239 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Sci. (1)

O. Dubovik, B. Holben, T. F. Eck, A. Smirnov, Y. J. Kaufman, M. D. King, D. Tanre, and I. Slutsker, “Variability of absorption and optical properties of key aerosol types observed in worldwide locations,” J. Atmos. Sci.59(3), 590–608 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Battlefield Tech. (1)

S. Veerabuthiran and A. K. Razdan, “Parametric studies of fluorescence LIDAR for detection of biological warfare agents in the atmosphere,” J. Battlefield Tech.14, 5–12 (2011).

J. Geophys. Res. (1)

A. Shimizu, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, K. Arao, I. Uno, T. Murayama, N. Kagawa, K. Aoki, A. Uchiyama, and A. Yamazaki, “Continuous observations of Asian dust and other aerosols by polarization lidar in China and Japan during ACE-Asia,” J. Geophys. Res.109(D19), D19S17 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Proc. SPIE (1)

N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, A. Shimizu, T. Nishizawa, Y. Hara, C. Xie, I. Uno, K. Yumimoto, Z. Wang, and S.-C. Yoon, “Lidar Network Observations of Troposheric Aerosols,” Proc. SPIE7153, 71530A, 71530A-13 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sci. Total Environ. (1)

T. Maki, S. Susuki, F. Kobayashi, M. Kakikawa, Y. Tobo, M. Yamada, T. Higashi, A. Matsuki, C. Hong, H. Hasegawa, and Y. Iwasaka, “Phylogenetic analysis of atmospheric halotolerant bacterial communities at high altitude in an Asian dust (KOSA) arrival region, Suzu City,” Sci. Total Environ.408(20), 4556–4562 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

A. Shimizu, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, I. Mori, M. Nishikawa, and M. Kido, “Relationship between lidar-derived dust extinction coefficients and mass concentrations in Japan,” in Scientific Online Letters on the Atmosphere 7A, 1–4 (2011), doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2151/sola.7A-001.

H. Inaba, “Detection of atoms and molecules by Raman and resonance fluorescence,” in Laser Monitoring of the Atmosphere (Springer-Verlag, 1976).

B. Tatarov, N. Sugimoto, I. Matsui, D.-H. Shin, and D. Müller, Multi-channel lidar spectrometer for atmospheric aerosol typing on the basis of chemical signature in Raman spectra, Proc. 25th Int. Laser Radar Conf. 47–50 (2010).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Configuration of the lidar spectrometer system.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Examples of the measured fluorescence spectra for aerosol and clouds. The detector sensitivity was corrected. The rectangular area defines the broadband fluorescence used in the fluorescent aerosol profile analysis. (The grating angle setting was different for May 16-17, 2012, and the channel number is shifted.)

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Profiles of normalized total fluorescence (420 to 510 nm) for Asian dust, air-pollution aerosol, non-fluorescent aerosol, and low clouds.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Time-height indications of (a) broad fluorescence, (b) the non-spherical aerosol extinction coefficient at 532 nm, and (c) the spherical aerosol extinction coefficient at 532 nm for Asian dust case on May 16-17, 2012. Clouds are indicated in magenta, and the areas where no data are available (e.g. above clouds) are indicated in white.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The same as Fig. 4, but for air-pollution aerosol on September 7, 2011.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

The same as Fig. 4, but for air-pollution aerosol on September 29-30, 2011.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Back trajectories for (a) September 7, 2011, and (b) September 29, 2011.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Rough estimate of the lidar fluorescence ratio Cfl and the fluorescence efficiency ηfl for the aerosol and cloud cases observed in this study

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

β fl = η fl · (1-SSA) SSA ·f· β Mle ·= C fl · β Mle .

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