Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a novel scheme to generate ultra-wideband (UWB) triplet pulses based on four-wave mixing and phase-to-intensity modulation conversion. First a phase-modulated Gaussian doublet pulse is generated by four-wave mixing in a highly nonlinear fiber. Then an UWB triplet pulse is generated by generating the first-order derivative of the phase-modulated Gaussian doublet pulse using an optical filter serving as a frequency discriminator. By locating the optical signal at the linear slope of the optical filter, the phase modulated Gaussian doublet pulse is converted to an intensity-modulated UWB triplet pulse which well satisfies the Federal Communications Commission spectral mask requirements, even in the extremely power-restricted global positioning system band.

© 2012 OSA

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References

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2012 (2)

B. Luo, J. Dong, Y. Yu, T. Yang, and X. Zhang, “Photonic generation of ultra-wideband doublet pulse using a semiconductor-optical-amplifier based polarization-diversified loop,” Opt. Lett.37(12), 2217–2219 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zheng, N. Zhu, L. Wang, J. Liu, and H. Liang, “Photonic generation of ultrawideband (UWB) pulse with tunable notch-band behavior,” IEEE Photon. J.4(3), 657–663 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (3)

2010 (3)

F. Zhang, J. Wu, S. Fu, K. Xu, Y. Li, X. Hong, P. Shum, and J. Lin, “Simultaneous multi-channel CMW-band and MMW-band UWB monocycle pulse generation using FWM effect in a highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express18(15), 15870–15875 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Zhou, X. Xu, K.-S. Lui, and K. K.-Y. Wong, “A power-efficient ultra-wideband pulse generator based on multiple PM-IM conversions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1063–1065 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Bolea, J. Mora, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “Flexible monocycle UWB generation for reconfigurable access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(12), 878–880 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (6)

2007 (2)

2006 (2)

2005 (1)

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature435(7040), 325–327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

G. R. Aiello and G. D. Rogerson, “Ultra-wideband wireless systems,” IEEE Microw. Mag.4(2), 36–47 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Abraha, S. T.

Aiello, G. R.

G. R. Aiello and G. D. Rogerson, “Ultra-wideband wireless systems,” IEEE Microw. Mag.4(2), 36–47 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Amann, M. C.

Bimberg, D.

C. Meuer, J. Kim, M. Laemmlin, S. Liebich, G. Eisenstein, R. Bonk, T. Vallaitis, J. Leuthold, A. Kovsh, I. Krestnikov, and D. Bimberg, “High-speed small-signal cross-gain modulation in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers at 1.3 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(3), 749–756 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Blais, S.

Bolea, M.

M. Bolea, J. Mora, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “Flexible monocycle UWB generation for reconfigurable access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(12), 878–880 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Bolea, J. Mora, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “Optical UWB pulse generator using an N tap microwave photonic filter and phase inversion adaptable to different pulse modulation formats,” Opt. Express17(7), 5023–5032 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bonk, R.

C. Meuer, J. Kim, M. Laemmlin, S. Liebich, G. Eisenstein, R. Bonk, T. Vallaitis, J. Leuthold, A. Kovsh, I. Krestnikov, and D. Bimberg, “High-speed small-signal cross-gain modulation in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers at 1.3 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(3), 749–756 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Capmany, J.

M. Bolea, J. Mora, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “Flexible monocycle UWB generation for reconfigurable access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(12), 878–880 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Bolea, J. Mora, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “Optical UWB pulse generator using an N tap microwave photonic filter and phase inversion adaptable to different pulse modulation formats,” Opt. Express17(7), 5023–5032 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang-Hasnain, C. J.

Chen, H.

Chen, M.

Chen, W.

Dong, J.

B. Luo, J. Dong, Y. Yu, T. Yang, and X. Zhang, “Photonic generation of ultra-wideband doublet pulse using a semiconductor-optical-amplifier based polarization-diversified loop,” Opt. Lett.37(12), 2217–2219 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Yu, J. Dong, X. Li, and X. Zhang, “Ultra-wideband generation based on cascaded Mach-Zehnder modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(23), 1754–1756 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Eisenstein, G.

C. Meuer, J. Kim, M. Laemmlin, S. Liebich, G. Eisenstein, R. Bonk, T. Vallaitis, J. Leuthold, A. Kovsh, I. Krestnikov, and D. Bimberg, “High-speed small-signal cross-gain modulation in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers at 1.3 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(3), 749–756 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fu, S.

Han, W.

Hofmann, W.

Hong, X.

Kim, J.

C. Meuer, J. Kim, M. Laemmlin, S. Liebich, G. Eisenstein, R. Bonk, T. Vallaitis, J. Leuthold, A. Kovsh, I. Krestnikov, and D. Bimberg, “High-speed small-signal cross-gain modulation in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers at 1.3 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(3), 749–756 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Koonen, A. M. J.

Kovsh, A.

C. Meuer, J. Kim, M. Laemmlin, S. Liebich, G. Eisenstein, R. Bonk, T. Vallaitis, J. Leuthold, A. Kovsh, I. Krestnikov, and D. Bimberg, “High-speed small-signal cross-gain modulation in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers at 1.3 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(3), 749–756 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Krestnikov, I.

C. Meuer, J. Kim, M. Laemmlin, S. Liebich, G. Eisenstein, R. Bonk, T. Vallaitis, J. Leuthold, A. Kovsh, I. Krestnikov, and D. Bimberg, “High-speed small-signal cross-gain modulation in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers at 1.3 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(3), 749–756 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Laemmlin, M.

C. Meuer, J. Kim, M. Laemmlin, S. Liebich, G. Eisenstein, R. Bonk, T. Vallaitis, J. Leuthold, A. Kovsh, I. Krestnikov, and D. Bimberg, “High-speed small-signal cross-gain modulation in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers at 1.3 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(3), 749–756 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Leuthold, J.

C. Meuer, J. Kim, M. Laemmlin, S. Liebich, G. Eisenstein, R. Bonk, T. Vallaitis, J. Leuthold, A. Kovsh, I. Krestnikov, and D. Bimberg, “High-speed small-signal cross-gain modulation in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers at 1.3 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(3), 749–756 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, W.

Li, X.

Y. Yu, J. Dong, X. Li, and X. Zhang, “Ultra-wideband generation based on cascaded Mach-Zehnder modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(23), 1754–1756 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

Liang, H.

J. Zheng, N. Zhu, L. Wang, J. Liu, and H. Liang, “Photonic generation of ultrawideband (UWB) pulse with tunable notch-band behavior,” IEEE Photon. J.4(3), 657–663 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liebich, S.

C. Meuer, J. Kim, M. Laemmlin, S. Liebich, G. Eisenstein, R. Bonk, T. Vallaitis, J. Leuthold, A. Kovsh, I. Krestnikov, and D. Bimberg, “High-speed small-signal cross-gain modulation in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers at 1.3 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(3), 749–756 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lin, J.

Lipson, M.

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature435(7040), 325–327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, F.

F. Liu, T. Wang, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, and Y. Su, “On-chip photonic generation of ultra-wideband monocycle pulses,” Electron. Lett.45(24), 1247–1249 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

J. Zheng, N. Zhu, L. Wang, J. Liu, and H. Liang, “Photonic generation of ultrawideband (UWB) pulse with tunable notch-band behavior,” IEEE Photon. J.4(3), 657–663 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. G.

Liu, Y.

Lui, K.-S.

E. Zhou, X. Xu, K.-S. Lui, and K. K.-Y. Wong, “A power-efficient ultra-wideband pulse generator based on multiple PM-IM conversions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1063–1065 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Luo, B.

Meuer, C.

C. Meuer, J. Kim, M. Laemmlin, S. Liebich, G. Eisenstein, R. Bonk, T. Vallaitis, J. Leuthold, A. Kovsh, I. Krestnikov, and D. Bimberg, “High-speed small-signal cross-gain modulation in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers at 1.3 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(3), 749–756 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mora, J.

M. Bolea, J. Mora, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “Flexible monocycle UWB generation for reconfigurable access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(12), 878–880 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Bolea, J. Mora, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “Optical UWB pulse generator using an N tap microwave photonic filter and phase inversion adaptable to different pulse modulation formats,” Opt. Express17(7), 5023–5032 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okonkwo, C. M.

Ortega, B.

M. Bolea, J. Mora, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “Flexible monocycle UWB generation for reconfigurable access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(12), 878–880 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Bolea, J. Mora, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “Optical UWB pulse generator using an N tap microwave photonic filter and phase inversion adaptable to different pulse modulation formats,” Opt. Express17(7), 5023–5032 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pan, S.

Parekh, D.

Pradhan, S.

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature435(7040), 325–327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qi, X. Q.

Qiu, M.

F. Liu, T. Wang, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, and Y. Su, “On-chip photonic generation of ultra-wideband monocycle pulses,” Electron. Lett.45(24), 1247–1249 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rogerson, G. D.

G. R. Aiello and G. D. Rogerson, “Ultra-wideband wireless systems,” IEEE Microw. Mag.4(2), 36–47 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, B.

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature435(7040), 325–327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shum, P.

Su, Y.

F. Liu, T. Wang, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, and Y. Su, “On-chip photonic generation of ultra-wideband monocycle pulses,” Electron. Lett.45(24), 1247–1249 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tangdiongga, E.

Vallaitis, T.

C. Meuer, J. Kim, M. Laemmlin, S. Liebich, G. Eisenstein, R. Bonk, T. Vallaitis, J. Leuthold, A. Kovsh, I. Krestnikov, and D. Bimberg, “High-speed small-signal cross-gain modulation in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers at 1.3 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(3), 749–756 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. S.

Wang, L.

J. Zheng, N. Zhu, L. Wang, J. Liu, and H. Liang, “Photonic generation of ultrawideband (UWB) pulse with tunable notch-band behavior,” IEEE Photon. J.4(3), 657–663 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L. X.

Wang, Q.

Wang, S.

Wang, T.

F. Liu, T. Wang, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, and Y. Su, “On-chip photonic generation of ultra-wideband monocycle pulses,” Electron. Lett.45(24), 1247–1249 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

Willner, A. E.

Wong, K. K.-Y.

E. Zhou, X. Xu, K.-S. Lui, and K. K.-Y. Wong, “A power-efficient ultra-wideband pulse generator based on multiple PM-IM conversions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1063–1065 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J.

Xie, L.

Xie, S.

Xin, M.

Xu, K.

Xu, Q.

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature435(7040), 325–327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, X.

E. Zhou, X. Xu, K.-S. Lui, and K. K.-Y. Wong, “A power-efficient ultra-wideband pulse generator based on multiple PM-IM conversions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1063–1065 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yang, T.

Yao, J.

Yu, Y.

B. Luo, J. Dong, Y. Yu, T. Yang, and X. Zhang, “Photonic generation of ultra-wideband doublet pulse using a semiconductor-optical-amplifier based polarization-diversified loop,” Opt. Lett.37(12), 2217–2219 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Yu, J. Dong, X. Li, and X. Zhang, “Ultra-wideband generation based on cascaded Mach-Zehnder modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(23), 1754–1756 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yue, Y.

Zeng, F.

Zhang, B.

Zhang, F.

Zhang, X.

B. Luo, J. Dong, Y. Yu, T. Yang, and X. Zhang, “Photonic generation of ultra-wideband doublet pulse using a semiconductor-optical-amplifier based polarization-diversified loop,” Opt. Lett.37(12), 2217–2219 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Yu, J. Dong, X. Li, and X. Zhang, “Ultra-wideband generation based on cascaded Mach-Zehnder modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(23), 1754–1756 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z.

F. Liu, T. Wang, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, and Y. Su, “On-chip photonic generation of ultra-wideband monocycle pulses,” Electron. Lett.45(24), 1247–1249 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, X.

Zheng, J.

J. Zheng, N. Zhu, L. Wang, J. Liu, and H. Liang, “Photonic generation of ultrawideband (UWB) pulse with tunable notch-band behavior,” IEEE Photon. J.4(3), 657–663 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, E.

E. Zhou, X. Xu, K.-S. Lui, and K. K.-Y. Wong, “A power-efficient ultra-wideband pulse generator based on multiple PM-IM conversions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1063–1065 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, N.

J. Zheng, N. Zhu, L. Wang, J. Liu, and H. Liang, “Photonic generation of ultrawideband (UWB) pulse with tunable notch-band behavior,” IEEE Photon. J.4(3), 657–663 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, N. H.

Electron. Lett. (2)

Q. Wang and J. Yao, “UWB doublet generation using nonlinearly-biased electro-optic intensity modulator,” Electron. Lett.42(22), 1304–1305 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Liu, T. Wang, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, and Y. Su, “On-chip photonic generation of ultra-wideband monocycle pulses,” Electron. Lett.45(24), 1247–1249 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. Meuer, J. Kim, M. Laemmlin, S. Liebich, G. Eisenstein, R. Bonk, T. Vallaitis, J. Leuthold, A. Kovsh, I. Krestnikov, and D. Bimberg, “High-speed small-signal cross-gain modulation in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers at 1.3 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(3), 749–756 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Microw. Mag. (1)

G. R. Aiello and G. D. Rogerson, “Ultra-wideband wireless systems,” IEEE Microw. Mag.4(2), 36–47 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

J. Zheng, N. Zhu, L. Wang, J. Liu, and H. Liang, “Photonic generation of ultrawideband (UWB) pulse with tunable notch-band behavior,” IEEE Photon. J.4(3), 657–663 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

E. Zhou, X. Xu, K.-S. Lui, and K. K.-Y. Wong, “A power-efficient ultra-wideband pulse generator based on multiple PM-IM conversions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1063–1065 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Bolea, J. Mora, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “Flexible monocycle UWB generation for reconfigurable access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(12), 878–880 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yu, J. Dong, X. Li, and X. Zhang, “Ultra-wideband generation based on cascaded Mach-Zehnder modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(23), 1754–1756 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Nature (1)

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature435(7040), 325–327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (5)

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

UWB triplet pulse generator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Principle of the UWB triplet pulse generator (OBF: optical bandpass filter).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured optical spectra at (a) the output of the HNLF and (b) the 10% branch of the OC2 as shown in Fig. 1.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured (a) waveform of the UWB triplet and (b) the corresponding electrical spectrum.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Arbitrary order UWB pulse generator (m and n are integers).

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E 1 (t)= E 1 exp(j ω 1 t)exp[j β 1 s(t)+j β 1 s(t2 T 0 )]
E 2 (t)= E 2 exp(j ω 2 t)exp[j β 2 s(t T 0 )]
E 3 (t) E 2 2 (t) E 1 * (t) = E 2 2 E 1 exp[j(2 ω 2 ω 1 )t]exp{jβ[2s(t T 0 )s(t)s(t2 T 0 )]} = E 3 exp(j ω 3 t)exp[jβf(t)]
H(ω)=Kωexp(jω τ f )
E out (ω)=H(ω) E 3 (ω)
E out (t)=K{ ω 3 +β d[f(t τ f )] dt } E 3 (t τ f ).
i(t) K 2 β ω 3 d[f(t τ f )] dt .

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