Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a novel scheme to generate ultra-wideband (UWB) triplet pulses based on four-wave mixing and phase-to-intensity modulation conversion. First a phase-modulated Gaussian doublet pulse is generated by four-wave mixing in a highly nonlinear fiber. Then an UWB triplet pulse is generated by generating the first-order derivative of the phase-modulated Gaussian doublet pulse using an optical filter serving as a frequency discriminator. By locating the optical signal at the linear slope of the optical filter, the phase modulated Gaussian doublet pulse is converted to an intensity-modulated UWB triplet pulse which well satisfies the Federal Communications Commission spectral mask requirements, even in the extremely power-restricted global positioning system band.

© 2012 OSA

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References

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2012

J. Zheng, N. Zhu, L. Wang, J. Liu, and H. Liang, “Photonic generation of ultrawideband (UWB) pulse with tunable notch-band behavior,” IEEE Photon. J.4(3), 657–663 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Luo, J. Dong, Y. Yu, T. Yang, and X. Zhang, “Photonic generation of ultra-wideband doublet pulse using a semiconductor-optical-amplifier based polarization-diversified loop,” Opt. Lett.37(12), 2217–2219 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011

2010

E. Zhou, X. Xu, K.-S. Lui, and K. K.-Y. Wong, “A power-efficient ultra-wideband pulse generator based on multiple PM-IM conversions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1063–1065 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Bolea, J. Mora, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “Flexible monocycle UWB generation for reconfigurable access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(12), 878–880 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Zhang, J. Wu, S. Fu, K. Xu, Y. Li, X. Hong, P. Shum, and J. Lin, “Simultaneous multi-channel CMW-band and MMW-band UWB monocycle pulse generation using FWM effect in a highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express18(15), 15870–15875 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

2007

2006

2005

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature435(7040), 325–327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

G. R. Aiello and G. D. Rogerson, “Ultra-wideband wireless systems,” IEEE Microw. Mag.4(2), 36–47 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Abraha, S. T.

Aiello, G. R.

G. R. Aiello and G. D. Rogerson, “Ultra-wideband wireless systems,” IEEE Microw. Mag.4(2), 36–47 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Amann, M. C.

Bimberg, D.

C. Meuer, J. Kim, M. Laemmlin, S. Liebich, G. Eisenstein, R. Bonk, T. Vallaitis, J. Leuthold, A. Kovsh, I. Krestnikov, and D. Bimberg, “High-speed small-signal cross-gain modulation in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers at 1.3 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(3), 749–756 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Blais, S.

Bolea, M.

M. Bolea, J. Mora, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “Flexible monocycle UWB generation for reconfigurable access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(12), 878–880 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Bolea, J. Mora, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “Optical UWB pulse generator using an N tap microwave photonic filter and phase inversion adaptable to different pulse modulation formats,” Opt. Express17(7), 5023–5032 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bonk, R.

C. Meuer, J. Kim, M. Laemmlin, S. Liebich, G. Eisenstein, R. Bonk, T. Vallaitis, J. Leuthold, A. Kovsh, I. Krestnikov, and D. Bimberg, “High-speed small-signal cross-gain modulation in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers at 1.3 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(3), 749–756 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Capmany, J.

M. Bolea, J. Mora, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “Flexible monocycle UWB generation for reconfigurable access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(12), 878–880 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Bolea, J. Mora, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “Optical UWB pulse generator using an N tap microwave photonic filter and phase inversion adaptable to different pulse modulation formats,” Opt. Express17(7), 5023–5032 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang-Hasnain, C. J.

Chen, H.

Chen, M.

Chen, W.

Dong, J.

B. Luo, J. Dong, Y. Yu, T. Yang, and X. Zhang, “Photonic generation of ultra-wideband doublet pulse using a semiconductor-optical-amplifier based polarization-diversified loop,” Opt. Lett.37(12), 2217–2219 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Yu, J. Dong, X. Li, and X. Zhang, “Ultra-wideband generation based on cascaded Mach-Zehnder modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(23), 1754–1756 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Eisenstein, G.

C. Meuer, J. Kim, M. Laemmlin, S. Liebich, G. Eisenstein, R. Bonk, T. Vallaitis, J. Leuthold, A. Kovsh, I. Krestnikov, and D. Bimberg, “High-speed small-signal cross-gain modulation in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers at 1.3 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(3), 749–756 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fu, S.

Han, W.

Hofmann, W.

Hong, X.

Kim, J.

C. Meuer, J. Kim, M. Laemmlin, S. Liebich, G. Eisenstein, R. Bonk, T. Vallaitis, J. Leuthold, A. Kovsh, I. Krestnikov, and D. Bimberg, “High-speed small-signal cross-gain modulation in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers at 1.3 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(3), 749–756 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Koonen, A. M. J.

Kovsh, A.

C. Meuer, J. Kim, M. Laemmlin, S. Liebich, G. Eisenstein, R. Bonk, T. Vallaitis, J. Leuthold, A. Kovsh, I. Krestnikov, and D. Bimberg, “High-speed small-signal cross-gain modulation in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers at 1.3 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(3), 749–756 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Krestnikov, I.

C. Meuer, J. Kim, M. Laemmlin, S. Liebich, G. Eisenstein, R. Bonk, T. Vallaitis, J. Leuthold, A. Kovsh, I. Krestnikov, and D. Bimberg, “High-speed small-signal cross-gain modulation in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers at 1.3 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(3), 749–756 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Laemmlin, M.

C. Meuer, J. Kim, M. Laemmlin, S. Liebich, G. Eisenstein, R. Bonk, T. Vallaitis, J. Leuthold, A. Kovsh, I. Krestnikov, and D. Bimberg, “High-speed small-signal cross-gain modulation in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers at 1.3 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(3), 749–756 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Leuthold, J.

C. Meuer, J. Kim, M. Laemmlin, S. Liebich, G. Eisenstein, R. Bonk, T. Vallaitis, J. Leuthold, A. Kovsh, I. Krestnikov, and D. Bimberg, “High-speed small-signal cross-gain modulation in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers at 1.3 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(3), 749–756 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, W.

Li, X.

Y. Yu, J. Dong, X. Li, and X. Zhang, “Ultra-wideband generation based on cascaded Mach-Zehnder modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(23), 1754–1756 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

Liang, H.

J. Zheng, N. Zhu, L. Wang, J. Liu, and H. Liang, “Photonic generation of ultrawideband (UWB) pulse with tunable notch-band behavior,” IEEE Photon. J.4(3), 657–663 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liebich, S.

C. Meuer, J. Kim, M. Laemmlin, S. Liebich, G. Eisenstein, R. Bonk, T. Vallaitis, J. Leuthold, A. Kovsh, I. Krestnikov, and D. Bimberg, “High-speed small-signal cross-gain modulation in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers at 1.3 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(3), 749–756 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lin, J.

Lipson, M.

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature435(7040), 325–327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, F.

F. Liu, T. Wang, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, and Y. Su, “On-chip photonic generation of ultra-wideband monocycle pulses,” Electron. Lett.45(24), 1247–1249 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

J. Zheng, N. Zhu, L. Wang, J. Liu, and H. Liang, “Photonic generation of ultrawideband (UWB) pulse with tunable notch-band behavior,” IEEE Photon. J.4(3), 657–663 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. G.

Liu, Y.

Lui, K.-S.

E. Zhou, X. Xu, K.-S. Lui, and K. K.-Y. Wong, “A power-efficient ultra-wideband pulse generator based on multiple PM-IM conversions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1063–1065 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Luo, B.

Meuer, C.

C. Meuer, J. Kim, M. Laemmlin, S. Liebich, G. Eisenstein, R. Bonk, T. Vallaitis, J. Leuthold, A. Kovsh, I. Krestnikov, and D. Bimberg, “High-speed small-signal cross-gain modulation in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers at 1.3 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(3), 749–756 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mora, J.

M. Bolea, J. Mora, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “Flexible monocycle UWB generation for reconfigurable access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(12), 878–880 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Bolea, J. Mora, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “Optical UWB pulse generator using an N tap microwave photonic filter and phase inversion adaptable to different pulse modulation formats,” Opt. Express17(7), 5023–5032 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okonkwo, C. M.

Ortega, B.

M. Bolea, J. Mora, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “Flexible monocycle UWB generation for reconfigurable access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(12), 878–880 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Bolea, J. Mora, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “Optical UWB pulse generator using an N tap microwave photonic filter and phase inversion adaptable to different pulse modulation formats,” Opt. Express17(7), 5023–5032 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pan, S.

Parekh, D.

Pradhan, S.

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature435(7040), 325–327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qi, X. Q.

Qiu, M.

F. Liu, T. Wang, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, and Y. Su, “On-chip photonic generation of ultra-wideband monocycle pulses,” Electron. Lett.45(24), 1247–1249 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rogerson, G. D.

G. R. Aiello and G. D. Rogerson, “Ultra-wideband wireless systems,” IEEE Microw. Mag.4(2), 36–47 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, B.

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature435(7040), 325–327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shum, P.

Su, Y.

F. Liu, T. Wang, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, and Y. Su, “On-chip photonic generation of ultra-wideband monocycle pulses,” Electron. Lett.45(24), 1247–1249 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tangdiongga, E.

Vallaitis, T.

C. Meuer, J. Kim, M. Laemmlin, S. Liebich, G. Eisenstein, R. Bonk, T. Vallaitis, J. Leuthold, A. Kovsh, I. Krestnikov, and D. Bimberg, “High-speed small-signal cross-gain modulation in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers at 1.3 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(3), 749–756 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. S.

Wang, L.

J. Zheng, N. Zhu, L. Wang, J. Liu, and H. Liang, “Photonic generation of ultrawideband (UWB) pulse with tunable notch-band behavior,” IEEE Photon. J.4(3), 657–663 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L. X.

Wang, Q.

Wang, S.

Wang, T.

F. Liu, T. Wang, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, and Y. Su, “On-chip photonic generation of ultra-wideband monocycle pulses,” Electron. Lett.45(24), 1247–1249 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

Willner, A. E.

Wong, K. K.-Y.

E. Zhou, X. Xu, K.-S. Lui, and K. K.-Y. Wong, “A power-efficient ultra-wideband pulse generator based on multiple PM-IM conversions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1063–1065 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J.

Xie, L.

Xie, S.

Xin, M.

Xu, K.

Xu, Q.

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature435(7040), 325–327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, X.

E. Zhou, X. Xu, K.-S. Lui, and K. K.-Y. Wong, “A power-efficient ultra-wideband pulse generator based on multiple PM-IM conversions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1063–1065 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yang, T.

Yao, J.

Yu, Y.

B. Luo, J. Dong, Y. Yu, T. Yang, and X. Zhang, “Photonic generation of ultra-wideband doublet pulse using a semiconductor-optical-amplifier based polarization-diversified loop,” Opt. Lett.37(12), 2217–2219 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Yu, J. Dong, X. Li, and X. Zhang, “Ultra-wideband generation based on cascaded Mach-Zehnder modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(23), 1754–1756 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yue, Y.

Zeng, F.

Zhang, B.

Zhang, F.

Zhang, X.

B. Luo, J. Dong, Y. Yu, T. Yang, and X. Zhang, “Photonic generation of ultra-wideband doublet pulse using a semiconductor-optical-amplifier based polarization-diversified loop,” Opt. Lett.37(12), 2217–2219 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Yu, J. Dong, X. Li, and X. Zhang, “Ultra-wideband generation based on cascaded Mach-Zehnder modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(23), 1754–1756 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z.

F. Liu, T. Wang, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, and Y. Su, “On-chip photonic generation of ultra-wideband monocycle pulses,” Electron. Lett.45(24), 1247–1249 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, X.

Zheng, J.

J. Zheng, N. Zhu, L. Wang, J. Liu, and H. Liang, “Photonic generation of ultrawideband (UWB) pulse with tunable notch-band behavior,” IEEE Photon. J.4(3), 657–663 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, E.

E. Zhou, X. Xu, K.-S. Lui, and K. K.-Y. Wong, “A power-efficient ultra-wideband pulse generator based on multiple PM-IM conversions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1063–1065 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, N.

J. Zheng, N. Zhu, L. Wang, J. Liu, and H. Liang, “Photonic generation of ultrawideband (UWB) pulse with tunable notch-band behavior,” IEEE Photon. J.4(3), 657–663 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, N. H.

Electron. Lett.

Q. Wang and J. Yao, “UWB doublet generation using nonlinearly-biased electro-optic intensity modulator,” Electron. Lett.42(22), 1304–1305 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Liu, T. Wang, Z. Zhang, M. Qiu, and Y. Su, “On-chip photonic generation of ultra-wideband monocycle pulses,” Electron. Lett.45(24), 1247–1249 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

C. Meuer, J. Kim, M. Laemmlin, S. Liebich, G. Eisenstein, R. Bonk, T. Vallaitis, J. Leuthold, A. Kovsh, I. Krestnikov, and D. Bimberg, “High-speed small-signal cross-gain modulation in quantum-dot semiconductor optical amplifiers at 1.3 μm,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(3), 749–756 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Microw. Mag.

G. R. Aiello and G. D. Rogerson, “Ultra-wideband wireless systems,” IEEE Microw. Mag.4(2), 36–47 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. J.

J. Zheng, N. Zhu, L. Wang, J. Liu, and H. Liang, “Photonic generation of ultrawideband (UWB) pulse with tunable notch-band behavior,” IEEE Photon. J.4(3), 657–663 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Y. Yu, J. Dong, X. Li, and X. Zhang, “Ultra-wideband generation based on cascaded Mach-Zehnder modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(23), 1754–1756 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Zhou, X. Xu, K.-S. Lui, and K. K.-Y. Wong, “A power-efficient ultra-wideband pulse generator based on multiple PM-IM conversions,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(14), 1063–1065 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Bolea, J. Mora, B. Ortega, and J. Capmany, “Flexible monocycle UWB generation for reconfigurable access networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(12), 878–880 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Nature

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature435(7040), 325–327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

UWB triplet pulse generator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Principle of the UWB triplet pulse generator (OBF: optical bandpass filter).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured optical spectra at (a) the output of the HNLF and (b) the 10% branch of the OC2 as shown in Fig. 1.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured (a) waveform of the UWB triplet and (b) the corresponding electrical spectrum.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Arbitrary order UWB pulse generator (m and n are integers).

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E 1 (t)= E 1 exp(j ω 1 t)exp[j β 1 s(t)+j β 1 s(t2 T 0 )]
E 2 (t)= E 2 exp(j ω 2 t)exp[j β 2 s(t T 0 )]
E 3 (t) E 2 2 (t) E 1 * (t) = E 2 2 E 1 exp[j(2 ω 2 ω 1 )t]exp{jβ[2s(t T 0 )s(t)s(t2 T 0 )]} = E 3 exp(j ω 3 t)exp[jβf(t)]
H(ω)=Kωexp(jω τ f )
E out (ω)=H(ω) E 3 (ω)
E out (t)=K{ ω 3 +β d[f(t τ f )] dt } E 3 (t τ f ).
i(t) K 2 β ω 3 d[f(t τ f )] dt .

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