Abstract

We have experimentally demonstrated a single pump distributed parametric amplification (DPA) system for differential phase shift keying (DPSK) signal in a spool of dispersion-shifted fiber (DSF). The gain spectrum of single pump DPA is thoroughly investigated by both simulation and experiment, and a possible reference for optimal input pump power and fiber length relationship is provided to DPA based applications. Furthermore, DPSK format is compared with on-off keying (OOK) within DPA scheme. Eight WDM signal channels at 10-Gb/s are utilized, and approximately 0.5-dB power penalties at the bit-error rate (BER) of 10−9 are achieved for return-to-zero DPSK (RZ-DPSK), comparing to larger than 1.5-dB with OOK format. In order to improve the system power efficiency, at the receiver, the pump is recycled by a photovoltaic cell and the converted energy can be used by potential low-power-consuming devices, i.e sensors or small-scale electronic circuits. Additionally, with suitable components, the whole DPA concept could be directly applied to the 1.3-μm telecommunication window along the most commonly used single-mode fiber (SMF).

© 2012 OSA

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  1. G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, K. K. Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Transmission of optical communication signals by distributed parametric amplification,” J. Lightwave Technol.23(10), 2945–2953 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  2. X. Xu, S. Yang, C. Zhang, T. I. Yuk, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Optically powered communication system with distributed amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(21), 3062–3069 (2010).
  3. X. Xu, C. Zhang, T. I. Yuk, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Two-Pump Distributed Parametric Amplification for Optically Powered Communication System,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Paper OWC7 (2011).
  4. M. E. Marhic, N. Kagi, T. K. Chiang, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Broadband fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Lett.21(8), 573–575 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. Boggio, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, J. R. Windmiller, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “155-nm continuous-wave two-pump parametric amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(10), 612–614 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Z. Tong, C. Lundstrom, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5(7), 430–436 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, R. M. Jopson, and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Quantum noise limits on optical monitoring with parametric devices,” Opt. Communication259(1), 309–320 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Bogris and D. Syvridis, “Distributed Optical Parametric Amplification at 1.3 μm: Performance and Applications in Optical Access Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(8), 694–696 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  14. R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  15. B. Camille, O. J. W. Andreas, P. P. K. Bill, M. Evgeny, and S. Radic, “320 Gb/s RZ-DPSK Data Multicasting in Self Seeded Parametric Mixer,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. 2011, Paper OThC7.
  16. T. Torounidis, H. Sunnerud, P. O. Hedekvist, and P. A. Andrekson, “Amplification of WDM signals in fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(8), 1061–1063 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  20. M. Roeger, F. Boes, A. Kleff, B. Hiba, M. Baier, M. Hoh, S. Koenig, C. Koos, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, “Energy-efficient MAC protocol enabling an optically powered sensor network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Paper JWA088 (2011).

2012 (1)

A. Bogris and D. Syvridis, “Distributed Optical Parametric Amplification at 1.3 μm: Performance and Applications in Optical Access Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(8), 694–696 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

Z. Tong, C. Lundstrom, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Roeger, F. Boes, A. Kleff, B. Hiba, M. Baier, M. Hoh, S. Koenig, C. Koos, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, “Energy-efficient MAC protocol enabling an optically powered sensor network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Paper JWA088 (2011).

2010 (2)

X. Xu, S. Yang, C. Zhang, T. I. Yuk, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Optically powered communication system with distributed amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(21), 3062–3069 (2010).

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

J. Boggio, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, J. R. Windmiller, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “155-nm continuous-wave two-pump parametric amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(10), 612–614 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. W. Lu, K. S. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, and M. E. Marhic, “RZ-DPSK OTDM demultiplexing using fibre optical parametric amplifier with clock-modulated pump,” Electron. Lett.45(4), 221–222 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

2006 (1)

C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, R. M. Jopson, and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Quantum noise limits on optical monitoring with parametric devices,” Opt. Communication259(1), 309–320 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

2004 (1)

C. Xu, L. Xiang, and W. Xing, “Differential phase-shift keying for high spectral efficiency optical transmissions,” IEEE J. of Selected Topics in Quantum Electron.10(2), 281–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

T. Torounidis, H. Sunnerud, P. O. Hedekvist, and P. A. Andrekson, “Amplification of WDM signals in fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(8), 1061–1063 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

Abedin, K. S.

G. W. Lu, K. S. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, and M. E. Marhic, “RZ-DPSK OTDM demultiplexing using fibre optical parametric amplifier with clock-modulated pump,” Electron. Lett.45(4), 221–222 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Alic, N.

J. Boggio, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, J. R. Windmiller, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “155-nm continuous-wave two-pump parametric amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(10), 612–614 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Andreas, O. J. W.

B. Camille, O. J. W. Andreas, P. P. K. Bill, M. Evgeny, and S. Radic, “320 Gb/s RZ-DPSK Data Multicasting in Self Seeded Parametric Mixer,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. 2011, Paper OThC7.

Andrekson, P. A.

Z. Tong, C. Lundstrom, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Torounidis, H. Sunnerud, P. O. Hedekvist, and P. A. Andrekson, “Amplification of WDM signals in fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(8), 1061–1063 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Baier, M.

M. Roeger, F. Boes, A. Kleff, B. Hiba, M. Baier, M. Hoh, S. Koenig, C. Koos, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, “Energy-efficient MAC protocol enabling an optically powered sensor network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Paper JWA088 (2011).

Becker, J.

Bett, A.W.

Bill, P. P. K.

B. Camille, O. J. W. Andreas, P. P. K. Bill, M. Evgeny, and S. Radic, “320 Gb/s RZ-DPSK Data Multicasting in Self Seeded Parametric Mixer,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. 2011, Paper OThC7.

Blessing, D. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundstrom, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Boes, F.

M. Roeger, F. Boes, A. Kleff, B. Hiba, M. Baier, M. Hoh, S. Koenig, C. Koos, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, “Energy-efficient MAC protocol enabling an optically powered sensor network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Paper JWA088 (2011).

Boggio, J.

J. Boggio, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, J. R. Windmiller, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “155-nm continuous-wave two-pump parametric amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(10), 612–614 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bogris, A.

A. Bogris and D. Syvridis, “Distributed Optical Parametric Amplification at 1.3 μm: Performance and Applications in Optical Access Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(8), 694–696 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Böttger, G.

Camille, B.

B. Camille, O. J. W. Andreas, P. P. K. Bill, M. Evgeny, and S. Radic, “320 Gb/s RZ-DPSK Data Multicasting in Self Seeded Parametric Mixer,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. 2011, Paper OThC7.

Chiang, T. K.

Chraplyvy, A. R.

C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, R. M. Jopson, and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Quantum noise limits on optical monitoring with parametric devices,” Opt. Communication259(1), 309–320 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dasgupta, S.

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dreschmann, M.

Ellis, A. D.

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Evgeny, M.

B. Camille, O. J. W. Andreas, P. P. K. Bill, M. Evgeny, and S. Radic, “320 Gb/s RZ-DPSK Data Multicasting in Self Seeded Parametric Mixer,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. 2011, Paper OThC7.

Freude, W.

M. Roeger, F. Boes, A. Kleff, B. Hiba, M. Baier, M. Hoh, S. Koenig, C. Koos, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, “Energy-efficient MAC protocol enabling an optically powered sensor network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Paper JWA088 (2011).

W. Freude, M. Röger, G. Böttger, M. Dreschmann, M. Hubner, C. Klamouris, A.W. Bett, J. Becker, and J. Leuthold, “Optically powered fiber networks,” Opt. Express16(26), 21821–21834 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gnauck, A. H.

Gomes, N. J.

Gruner-Nielsen, L.

Z. Tong, C. Lundstrom, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hedekvist, P. O.

T. Torounidis, H. Sunnerud, P. O. Hedekvist, and P. A. Andrekson, “Amplification of WDM signals in fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(8), 1061–1063 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Herstrom, S.

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hiba, B.

M. Roeger, F. Boes, A. Kleff, B. Hiba, M. Baier, M. Hoh, S. Koenig, C. Koos, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, “Energy-efficient MAC protocol enabling an optically powered sensor network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Paper JWA088 (2011).

Hoh, M.

M. Roeger, F. Boes, A. Kleff, B. Hiba, M. Baier, M. Hoh, S. Koenig, C. Koos, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, “Energy-efficient MAC protocol enabling an optically powered sensor network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Paper JWA088 (2011).

Hubner, M.

Jakobsen, D.

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jopson, R. M.

C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, R. M. Jopson, and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Quantum noise limits on optical monitoring with parametric devices,” Opt. Communication259(1), 309–320 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kagi, N.

Kakande, J.

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kalogerakis, G.

Karlsson, M.

Z. Tong, C. Lundstrom, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kazovsky, L. G.

Klamouris, C.

Kleff, A.

M. Roeger, F. Boes, A. Kleff, B. Hiba, M. Baier, M. Hoh, S. Koenig, C. Koos, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, “Energy-efficient MAC protocol enabling an optically powered sensor network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Paper JWA088 (2011).

Koenig, S.

M. Roeger, F. Boes, A. Kleff, B. Hiba, M. Baier, M. Hoh, S. Koenig, C. Koos, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, “Energy-efficient MAC protocol enabling an optically powered sensor network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Paper JWA088 (2011).

Koos, C.

M. Roeger, F. Boes, A. Kleff, B. Hiba, M. Baier, M. Hoh, S. Koenig, C. Koos, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, “Energy-efficient MAC protocol enabling an optically powered sensor network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Paper JWA088 (2011).

Kumar, S.

Lethien, C.

Leuthold, J.

M. Roeger, F. Boes, A. Kleff, B. Hiba, M. Baier, M. Hoh, S. Koenig, C. Koos, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, “Energy-efficient MAC protocol enabling an optically powered sensor network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Paper JWA088 (2011).

W. Freude, M. Röger, G. Böttger, M. Dreschmann, M. Hubner, C. Klamouris, A.W. Bett, J. Becker, and J. Leuthold, “Optically powered fiber networks,” Opt. Express16(26), 21821–21834 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, G. W.

G. W. Lu, K. S. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, and M. E. Marhic, “RZ-DPSK OTDM demultiplexing using fibre optical parametric amplifier with clock-modulated pump,” Electron. Lett.45(4), 221–222 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lundstrom, C.

Z. Tong, C. Lundstrom, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Marhic, M. E.

G. W. Lu, K. S. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, and M. E. Marhic, “RZ-DPSK OTDM demultiplexing using fibre optical parametric amplifier with clock-modulated pump,” Electron. Lett.45(4), 221–222 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, K. K. Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Transmission of optical communication signals by distributed parametric amplification,” J. Lightwave Technol.23(10), 2945–2953 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Marhic, N. Kagi, T. K. Chiang, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Broadband fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Lett.21(8), 573–575 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. E. Marhic, Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifiers, Oscillators and Related Devices (Cambridge University Press, 2007).
[CrossRef]

McKinstrie, C. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundstrom, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, R. M. Jopson, and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Quantum noise limits on optical monitoring with parametric devices,” Opt. Communication259(1), 309–320 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Miyazaki, T.

G. W. Lu, K. S. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, and M. E. Marhic, “RZ-DPSK OTDM demultiplexing using fibre optical parametric amplifier with clock-modulated pump,” Electron. Lett.45(4), 221–222 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Moro, S.

J. Boggio, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, J. R. Windmiller, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “155-nm continuous-wave two-pump parametric amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(10), 612–614 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Myslivets, E.

J. Boggio, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, J. R. Windmiller, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “155-nm continuous-wave two-pump parametric amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(10), 612–614 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nkansah, A.

O’Gorman, J.

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Parmigiani, F.

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Petropoulos, P.

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phelan, R.

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Puttnam, B. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundstrom, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Radic, S.

J. Boggio, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, J. R. Windmiller, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “155-nm continuous-wave two-pump parametric amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(10), 612–614 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, R. M. Jopson, and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Quantum noise limits on optical monitoring with parametric devices,” Opt. Communication259(1), 309–320 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. Camille, O. J. W. Andreas, P. P. K. Bill, M. Evgeny, and S. Radic, “320 Gb/s RZ-DPSK Data Multicasting in Self Seeded Parametric Mixer,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. 2011, Paper OThC7.

Richardson, D. J.

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Roeger, M.

M. Roeger, F. Boes, A. Kleff, B. Hiba, M. Baier, M. Hoh, S. Koenig, C. Koos, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, “Energy-efficient MAC protocol enabling an optically powered sensor network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Paper JWA088 (2011).

Röger, M.

Sion, C.

Sjodin, M.

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Slavik, R.

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sunnerud, H.

T. Torounidis, H. Sunnerud, P. O. Hedekvist, and P. A. Andrekson, “Amplification of WDM signals in fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(8), 1061–1063 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sygletos, S.

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Syvridis, D.

A. Bogris and D. Syvridis, “Distributed Optical Parametric Amplification at 1.3 μm: Performance and Applications in Optical Access Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(8), 694–696 (2012).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tipsuwannakul, E.

Z. Tong, C. Lundstrom, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Toda, H.

Z. Tong, C. Lundstrom, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tong, Z.

Z. Tong, C. Lundstrom, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Torounidis, T.

T. Torounidis, H. Sunnerud, P. O. Hedekvist, and P. A. Andrekson, “Amplification of WDM signals in fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(8), 1061–1063 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vilcot, J.

Wake, D.

Weerasuriya, R.

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Windmiller, J. R.

J. Boggio, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, J. R. Windmiller, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “155-nm continuous-wave two-pump parametric amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(10), 612–614 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Winzer, P. J.

Wong, K. K. Y.

X. Xu, S. Yang, C. Zhang, T. I. Yuk, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Optically powered communication system with distributed amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(21), 3062–3069 (2010).

G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, K. K. Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Transmission of optical communication signals by distributed parametric amplification,” J. Lightwave Technol.23(10), 2945–2953 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Xu, C. Zhang, T. I. Yuk, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Two-Pump Distributed Parametric Amplification for Optically Powered Communication System,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Paper OWC7 (2011).

X. Xu, T. I. Yuk, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Distributed Parametric Amplification at 1.3 μm in 25-km Single-Mode Fiber,” in Photon. in Switching, Paper 0049 (2012).

Xiang, L.

C. Xu, L. Xiang, and W. Xing, “Differential phase-shift keying for high spectral efficiency optical transmissions,” IEEE J. of Selected Topics in Quantum Electron.10(2), 281–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xing, W.

C. Xu, L. Xiang, and W. Xing, “Differential phase-shift keying for high spectral efficiency optical transmissions,” IEEE J. of Selected Topics in Quantum Electron.10(2), 281–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xu, C.

C. Xu, L. Xiang, and W. Xing, “Differential phase-shift keying for high spectral efficiency optical transmissions,” IEEE J. of Selected Topics in Quantum Electron.10(2), 281–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xu, X.

X. Xu, S. Yang, C. Zhang, T. I. Yuk, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Optically powered communication system with distributed amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(21), 3062–3069 (2010).

X. Xu, T. I. Yuk, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Distributed Parametric Amplification at 1.3 μm in 25-km Single-Mode Fiber,” in Photon. in Switching, Paper 0049 (2012).

X. Xu, C. Zhang, T. I. Yuk, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Two-Pump Distributed Parametric Amplification for Optically Powered Communication System,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Paper OWC7 (2011).

Yang, S.

Yuk, T. I.

X. Xu, S. Yang, C. Zhang, T. I. Yuk, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Optically powered communication system with distributed amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(21), 3062–3069 (2010).

X. Xu, T. I. Yuk, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Distributed Parametric Amplification at 1.3 μm in 25-km Single-Mode Fiber,” in Photon. in Switching, Paper 0049 (2012).

X. Xu, C. Zhang, T. I. Yuk, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Two-Pump Distributed Parametric Amplification for Optically Powered Communication System,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Paper OWC7 (2011).

Zhang, C.

X. Xu, S. Yang, C. Zhang, T. I. Yuk, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Optically powered communication system with distributed amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(21), 3062–3069 (2010).

X. Xu, C. Zhang, T. I. Yuk, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Two-Pump Distributed Parametric Amplification for Optically Powered Communication System,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Paper OWC7 (2011).

Electron. Lett. (1)

G. W. Lu, K. S. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, and M. E. Marhic, “RZ-DPSK OTDM demultiplexing using fibre optical parametric amplifier with clock-modulated pump,” Electron. Lett.45(4), 221–222 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. of Selected Topics in Quantum Electron. (1)

C. Xu, L. Xiang, and W. Xing, “Differential phase-shift keying for high spectral efficiency optical transmissions,” IEEE J. of Selected Topics in Quantum Electron.10(2), 281–293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

J. Boggio, S. Moro, E. Myslivets, J. R. Windmiller, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “155-nm continuous-wave two-pump parametric amplification,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(10), 612–614 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Bogris and D. Syvridis, “Distributed Optical Parametric Amplification at 1.3 μm: Performance and Applications in Optical Access Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(8), 694–696 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Torounidis, H. Sunnerud, P. O. Hedekvist, and P. A. Andrekson, “Amplification of WDM signals in fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(8), 1061–1063 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (5)

Nat. Photonics (2)

Z. Tong, C. Lundstrom, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Gruner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavik, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundstrom, M. Sjodin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Gruner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrom, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4(10), 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Communication (1)

C. J. McKinstrie, S. Radic, R. M. Jopson, and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Quantum noise limits on optical monitoring with parametric devices,” Opt. Communication259(1), 309–320 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (5)

M. E. Marhic, Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifiers, Oscillators and Related Devices (Cambridge University Press, 2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Roeger, F. Boes, A. Kleff, B. Hiba, M. Baier, M. Hoh, S. Koenig, C. Koos, J. Leuthold, and W. Freude, “Energy-efficient MAC protocol enabling an optically powered sensor network,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Paper JWA088 (2011).

X. Xu, T. I. Yuk, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Distributed Parametric Amplification at 1.3 μm in 25-km Single-Mode Fiber,” in Photon. in Switching, Paper 0049 (2012).

B. Camille, O. J. W. Andreas, P. P. K. Bill, M. Evgeny, and S. Radic, “320 Gb/s RZ-DPSK Data Multicasting in Self Seeded Parametric Mixer,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf. 2011, Paper OThC7.

X. Xu, C. Zhang, T. I. Yuk, and K. K. Y. Wong, “Two-Pump Distributed Parametric Amplification for Optically Powered Communication System,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conf., Paper OWC7 (2011).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Experimental (blue circle) and numerical (black diamond) gain spectra with pump @ 1548.82 nm, power of 162 mW and 10-km fiber; (b) Numerical gain spectra with different input pump power (fixed fiber length = 10 km); (c) Experimental scheme for the DPA gain spectrum measurement: TLS: tunable laser source; CPV: concentrated photovoltaic cell.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Numerical gain spectra results with different fiber lengths: (a) 10 to 40 km; (b) 40 to 100 km (pump power = 162 mW).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Peak gains (black square) and residual pump powers (blue diamond) after different fiber lengths with input pump power of 162 mW; (b) Power conversion curve measured @ CPV cell. (pump @ 1548.82 nm)

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Peak gains with different fiber lengths and pump powers (60 to 162 mW, @ 1548.82 nm), and the fiber loss slope is 0.2 dB/km (black dash line); (b) Optimal input pump power and fiber length relationship with corresponding residual pump power.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Experimental setup for DPSK signal format. (abbreviations are defined in the text)

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Optical spectra with (solid line) and without (dotted line) pump. (OSA resolution bandwidth: 0.06 nm)

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Experimental setup for NRZ-OOK transmitter. (abbreviations are defined in the text)

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) Eye-diagrams of RZ-DPSK before (left) and after (right) DPA; (b) BER with eye-diagrams of RZ-DPSK after EDFA, NRZ-DPSK and NRZ-OOK (@ 1542.90 nm).

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Power penalties for each WDM channel with 3 different formats.

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