Abstract

Li2CaSiO4:Eu2+ cyan phosphor screen for enlarging the color gamut of field emission display has been prepared and characterized. The luminance of Li2CaSiO4:Eu2+ phosphor film can reach as high as about 12000 cd/m2 under the conditions of Va = 7 kV and Ja = 2.8 mA/cm2. The cathodoluminescent spectrum, luminance, saturation current density and degradation property are compared with another cyan phosphor Mg2SnO4:Ti4+,Mn2+. It is found that Li2CaSiO4:Eu2+ phosphor exhibits narrower emission band, higher luminance, higher saturation current density, higher resistance to electron bombardment, higher thermal stability and conductivity as well as purer color. Thus, Li2CaSiO4:Eu2+ has great potential in application in field emission display as well as light emitting diode.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. N. S. Xu and S. E. Huq, “Novel cold cathode materials and applications,” Mater. Sci. Eng. Rep.48(2–5), 47–189 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  2. B. F. Coll, K. A. Dean, E. Howard, S. V. Johnson, M. R. Johnson, and J. E. Jaskie, “Nano-emissive display technology for large-area HDTV,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp.14(5), 477–485 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. A. Talin, K. A. Dean, and J. E. Jaskie, “Field emission displays: a critical review,” Solid-State Electron.45(6), 963–976 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. J. Jeong, H. D. Jeong, H. Y. Kim, J. S. Kim, S. Y. Jeong, J. T. Han, D. S. Bang, and G. W. Lee, “All-carbon nanotube-based flexible field-emission devices: from cathode to anode,” Adv. Funct. Mater.21(8), 1526–1532 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. S. Jang, J. H. Kang, Y. H. Won, S. Lee, and D. Y. Jeon, “Mechanism for strong yellow emission of Y3Al5O12: Ce3+ phosphor under electron irradiation for the application to field emission backlight units,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(7), 071908 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. H. Hao, J. Gao, and M. Cocivera, “Tuning of the blue emission from europium-doped alkaline earth chloroborate thin films activated in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(17), 2778–2780 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, K. Inoue, T. Sekiguchi, B. Dierre, and K. Tamura, “Blue-emitting AlN:Eu2+ nitride phosphor for field emission displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(6), 061101 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. X. M. Liu and J. Lin, “Nanocrystalline LaGaO3: Tm as an efficient blue phosphor for field emission displays with high color purity,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(18), 184108 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. G. Li, X. G. Xu, C. Peng, M. M. Shang, D. L. Geng, Z. Y. Cheng, J. Chen, and J. Lin, “Yellow-emitting NaCaPO4:Mn2+ phosphor for field emission displays,” Opt. Express19(17), 16423–16431 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. G. G. Li, X. Zhang, C. Peng, M. M. Shang, D. L. Geng, Z. Y. Cheng, and J. Lin, “Cyan-emitting Ti4+- and Mn2+-coactivated Mg2SnO4 as a potential phosphor to enlarge the color gamut for field emission display,” J. Mater. Chem.21(18), 6477–6779 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. B. Xie, H. B. Liang, Q. Su, Y. Huang, Z. H. Gao, and Y. Tao, “Intense cyan-emitting of Li2CaSiO4:Eu2+ under low-voltage cathode ray excitation,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett.14(10), J69–J72 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  12. P. H. Holloway, T. A. Trottier, B. Abrams, C. Kondoleon, S. L. Jones, J. S. Sebastian, W. J. Thomes, and H. Swart, “Advances in field emission displays phosphors,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B17(2), 758–764 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. S. Sohn, J. H. Kwak, Y. S. Jung, H. X. Yan, and M. J. Reece, “Luminescence of Sr2SiO4-xN2x/3:Eu2+ phosphors prepared by spark plasma sintering,” J. Electrochem. Soc.155(2), J58–J61 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. H. Yang and M. Yokoyama, “Enhanced luminance of ZnGa2O4 phosphor by In2O3 doping,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A19(5), 2463–2467 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  15. E. Coetsee, H. C. Swart, and J. J. Terblans, “Cathodoluminescence degradation of Y2SiO5: Ce thin films,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A25(4), 1226–1230 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  16. S. S. Pitale, V. Kumar, I. M. Nagpure, O. M. Ntwaeaborwa, E. Coetsee, and H. C. Swart, “Cathodoluminescent properties and surface characterization of bluish-white LiAl5O8:Tb phosphor,” J. Appl. Phys.109(1), 013105 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. R. Lakshmanan, S. B. Kim, H. M. Jang, B. G. Kum, B. K. Kang, S. Heo, and D. Seo, “A quantum-splitting phosphor exploiting the energy transfer from anion excitons to Tb3+ in CaSO4: Tb, Na,” Adv. Funct. Mater.17(2), 212–218 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  18. P. Dorenbos, L. Pierron, L. Dinca, C. W. E. van Eijk, A. Kahn-Harari, and B. Viana, “4f-5d spectroscopy of Ce3+ in CaBPO5, LiCaPO4 and Li2CaSiO4,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter15(3), 511–520 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  19. J. Liu, J. Y. Sun, and C. S. Shi, “A new luminescent material: Li2CaSiO4:Eu2+,” Mater. Lett.60(23), 2830–2833 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  20. K. Toda, Y. Kawakami, S. Kousaka, Y. Ito, A. Komeno, K. Uematsu, and M. Sato, “New silicate phosphors for a white LED,” IEICE Trans. Electron.E 89-C(10), 1406–1412 (2006).
  21. M. Saradhi and U. V. Varadaraju, “Photoluminescence studies on Eu2+-activated Li2SrSiO4: a potential orange-yellow phosphor for solid-state lighting,” Chem. Mater.18(22), 5267–5272 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  22. S. S. Yao and D. H. Chen, “Combustion synthesis and luminescent properties of a new material Li2(Ba0.99,Eu0.01)SiO4:B3+ for ultraviolet light emitting diodes,” Opt. Laser Technol.40(3), 466–471 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  23. C. Kulshreshtha, N. Shin, and K. S. Sohn, “Decay behavior of Li2(Sr,Ba,Ca)SiO4:Eu2+ Phosphors,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett.12(6), J55–J57 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  24. C. Kulshreshtha, A. K. Sharma, and K. S. Sohn, “Effect of local structures on the luminescence of Li2(Sr,Ca,Ba)SiO4:Eu2+,” J. Electrochem. Soc.156(3), J52–J56 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  25. X. G. Xu, J. Chen, S. Z. Deng, N. S. Xu, and J. Lin, “Cathodoluminescent properties of nanocrystalline Lu3Ga5O12:Tb3+ phosphor for field emission display application,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B28(3), 490–494 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  26. E. T. Goldburt, V. A. Bolchouchine, B. N. Levonovitch, and N. P. Sochtine, “Highly efficient cathodoluminescent phosphors and screens for mid- and high-voltage field emission displays,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B17(2), 765–768 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  27. L. E. Shea, “Low-voltage cathodoluminescent phosphors,” Electrochem. Soc. Interface7(2), 24–27 (1998).
  28. N. S. Xu, J. C. She, S. Z. Deng, and J. Chen, “A gun with a cold cathode,” EP Patent 1,508,910 (2008).
  29. J. Chen, X. H. Liang, S. Z. Deng, and N. S. Xu, “Flat-panel luminescent lamp using carbon nanotube cathodes,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B21(4), 1727–1729 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  30. T. Jüstel, H. Nikol, and C. Ronda, “New developments in the field of luminescent materials for lighting and displays,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed.37(22), 3084–3103 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  31. C. Feldman, “Range of 1-10 kev electrons in solids,” Phys. Rev.117(2), 455–459 (1960).
    [CrossRef]
  32. C. Stoffers, S. Yang, F. Zhang, S. M. Jacobsen, B. K. Wagner, and C. J. Summers, “Activator recycling in low voltage cathodoluminescent phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.71(13), 1759 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  33. S. M. Jacobsen, “Phosphors for full-color low-voltage field-emission displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp.4(4), 331 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  34. C. Stoffers, S. Yang, S. M. Jacobsen, and C. J. Summers, “Saturation of phosphors under low-voltage excitation,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp.4(4), 337 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  35. D. Y. Wang, C. H. Huang, Y. C. Wu, and T. M. Chen, “BaZrSi3O9:Eu2+: a cyan-emitting phosphor with high quantum efficiency for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.21(29), 10818–10822 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  36. W. Im, S. Brinkley, J. Hu, A. Mikhailovsky, S. DenBaars, and R. Seshadri, “Sr2. 975− xBaxCe0. 025AlO4F: a highly efficient green-emitting oxyfluoride phosphor for solid state white lighting,” Chem. Mater.22(9), 2842–2849 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (6)

G. G. Li, X. Zhang, C. Peng, M. M. Shang, D. L. Geng, Z. Y. Cheng, and J. Lin, “Cyan-emitting Ti4+- and Mn2+-coactivated Mg2SnO4 as a potential phosphor to enlarge the color gamut for field emission display,” J. Mater. Chem.21(18), 6477–6779 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Xie, H. B. Liang, Q. Su, Y. Huang, Z. H. Gao, and Y. Tao, “Intense cyan-emitting of Li2CaSiO4:Eu2+ under low-voltage cathode ray excitation,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett.14(10), J69–J72 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. S. Pitale, V. Kumar, I. M. Nagpure, O. M. Ntwaeaborwa, E. Coetsee, and H. C. Swart, “Cathodoluminescent properties and surface characterization of bluish-white LiAl5O8:Tb phosphor,” J. Appl. Phys.109(1), 013105 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Wang, C. H. Huang, Y. C. Wu, and T. M. Chen, “BaZrSi3O9:Eu2+: a cyan-emitting phosphor with high quantum efficiency for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.21(29), 10818–10822 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Jeong, H. D. Jeong, H. Y. Kim, J. S. Kim, S. Y. Jeong, J. T. Han, D. S. Bang, and G. W. Lee, “All-carbon nanotube-based flexible field-emission devices: from cathode to anode,” Adv. Funct. Mater.21(8), 1526–1532 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. G. Li, X. G. Xu, C. Peng, M. M. Shang, D. L. Geng, Z. Y. Cheng, J. Chen, and J. Lin, “Yellow-emitting NaCaPO4:Mn2+ phosphor for field emission displays,” Opt. Express19(17), 16423–16431 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

W. Im, S. Brinkley, J. Hu, A. Mikhailovsky, S. DenBaars, and R. Seshadri, “Sr2. 975− xBaxCe0. 025AlO4F: a highly efficient green-emitting oxyfluoride phosphor for solid state white lighting,” Chem. Mater.22(9), 2842–2849 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. G. Xu, J. Chen, S. Z. Deng, N. S. Xu, and J. Lin, “Cathodoluminescent properties of nanocrystalline Lu3Ga5O12:Tb3+ phosphor for field emission display application,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B28(3), 490–494 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

C. Kulshreshtha, N. Shin, and K. S. Sohn, “Decay behavior of Li2(Sr,Ba,Ca)SiO4:Eu2+ Phosphors,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett.12(6), J55–J57 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Kulshreshtha, A. K. Sharma, and K. S. Sohn, “Effect of local structures on the luminescence of Li2(Sr,Ca,Ba)SiO4:Eu2+,” J. Electrochem. Soc.156(3), J52–J56 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

S. S. Yao and D. H. Chen, “Combustion synthesis and luminescent properties of a new material Li2(Ba0.99,Eu0.01)SiO4:B3+ for ultraviolet light emitting diodes,” Opt. Laser Technol.40(3), 466–471 (2008).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Sohn, J. H. Kwak, Y. S. Jung, H. X. Yan, and M. J. Reece, “Luminescence of Sr2SiO4-xN2x/3:Eu2+ phosphors prepared by spark plasma sintering,” J. Electrochem. Soc.155(2), J58–J61 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (5)

A. R. Lakshmanan, S. B. Kim, H. M. Jang, B. G. Kum, B. K. Kang, S. Heo, and D. Seo, “A quantum-splitting phosphor exploiting the energy transfer from anion excitons to Tb3+ in CaSO4: Tb, Na,” Adv. Funct. Mater.17(2), 212–218 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Coetsee, H. C. Swart, and J. J. Terblans, “Cathodoluminescence degradation of Y2SiO5: Ce thin films,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A25(4), 1226–1230 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Jang, J. H. Kang, Y. H. Won, S. Lee, and D. Y. Jeon, “Mechanism for strong yellow emission of Y3Al5O12: Ce3+ phosphor under electron irradiation for the application to field emission backlight units,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(7), 071908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, K. Inoue, T. Sekiguchi, B. Dierre, and K. Tamura, “Blue-emitting AlN:Eu2+ nitride phosphor for field emission displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(6), 061101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Liu and J. Lin, “Nanocrystalline LaGaO3: Tm as an efficient blue phosphor for field emission displays with high color purity,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(18), 184108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

B. F. Coll, K. A. Dean, E. Howard, S. V. Johnson, M. R. Johnson, and J. E. Jaskie, “Nano-emissive display technology for large-area HDTV,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp.14(5), 477–485 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, J. Y. Sun, and C. S. Shi, “A new luminescent material: Li2CaSiO4:Eu2+,” Mater. Lett.60(23), 2830–2833 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Toda, Y. Kawakami, S. Kousaka, Y. Ito, A. Komeno, K. Uematsu, and M. Sato, “New silicate phosphors for a white LED,” IEICE Trans. Electron.E 89-C(10), 1406–1412 (2006).

M. Saradhi and U. V. Varadaraju, “Photoluminescence studies on Eu2+-activated Li2SrSiO4: a potential orange-yellow phosphor for solid-state lighting,” Chem. Mater.18(22), 5267–5272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

N. S. Xu and S. E. Huq, “Novel cold cathode materials and applications,” Mater. Sci. Eng. Rep.48(2–5), 47–189 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

J. H. Hao, J. Gao, and M. Cocivera, “Tuning of the blue emission from europium-doped alkaline earth chloroborate thin films activated in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(17), 2778–2780 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Dorenbos, L. Pierron, L. Dinca, C. W. E. van Eijk, A. Kahn-Harari, and B. Viana, “4f-5d spectroscopy of Ce3+ in CaBPO5, LiCaPO4 and Li2CaSiO4,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter15(3), 511–520 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Chen, X. H. Liang, S. Z. Deng, and N. S. Xu, “Flat-panel luminescent lamp using carbon nanotube cathodes,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B21(4), 1727–1729 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

S. H. Yang and M. Yokoyama, “Enhanced luminance of ZnGa2O4 phosphor by In2O3 doping,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A19(5), 2463–2467 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Talin, K. A. Dean, and J. E. Jaskie, “Field emission displays: a critical review,” Solid-State Electron.45(6), 963–976 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

P. H. Holloway, T. A. Trottier, B. Abrams, C. Kondoleon, S. L. Jones, J. S. Sebastian, W. J. Thomes, and H. Swart, “Advances in field emission displays phosphors,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B17(2), 758–764 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. T. Goldburt, V. A. Bolchouchine, B. N. Levonovitch, and N. P. Sochtine, “Highly efficient cathodoluminescent phosphors and screens for mid- and high-voltage field emission displays,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B17(2), 765–768 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

L. E. Shea, “Low-voltage cathodoluminescent phosphors,” Electrochem. Soc. Interface7(2), 24–27 (1998).

T. Jüstel, H. Nikol, and C. Ronda, “New developments in the field of luminescent materials for lighting and displays,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed.37(22), 3084–3103 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

C. Stoffers, S. Yang, F. Zhang, S. M. Jacobsen, B. K. Wagner, and C. J. Summers, “Activator recycling in low voltage cathodoluminescent phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.71(13), 1759 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

S. M. Jacobsen, “Phosphors for full-color low-voltage field-emission displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp.4(4), 331 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. Stoffers, S. Yang, S. M. Jacobsen, and C. J. Summers, “Saturation of phosphors under low-voltage excitation,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp.4(4), 337 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1960 (1)

C. Feldman, “Range of 1-10 kev electrons in solids,” Phys. Rev.117(2), 455–459 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Abrams, B.

P. H. Holloway, T. A. Trottier, B. Abrams, C. Kondoleon, S. L. Jones, J. S. Sebastian, W. J. Thomes, and H. Swart, “Advances in field emission displays phosphors,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B17(2), 758–764 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bang, D. S.

H. J. Jeong, H. D. Jeong, H. Y. Kim, J. S. Kim, S. Y. Jeong, J. T. Han, D. S. Bang, and G. W. Lee, “All-carbon nanotube-based flexible field-emission devices: from cathode to anode,” Adv. Funct. Mater.21(8), 1526–1532 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bolchouchine, V. A.

E. T. Goldburt, V. A. Bolchouchine, B. N. Levonovitch, and N. P. Sochtine, “Highly efficient cathodoluminescent phosphors and screens for mid- and high-voltage field emission displays,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B17(2), 765–768 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Brinkley, S.

W. Im, S. Brinkley, J. Hu, A. Mikhailovsky, S. DenBaars, and R. Seshadri, “Sr2. 975− xBaxCe0. 025AlO4F: a highly efficient green-emitting oxyfluoride phosphor for solid state white lighting,” Chem. Mater.22(9), 2842–2849 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, D. H.

S. S. Yao and D. H. Chen, “Combustion synthesis and luminescent properties of a new material Li2(Ba0.99,Eu0.01)SiO4:B3+ for ultraviolet light emitting diodes,” Opt. Laser Technol.40(3), 466–471 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

G. G. Li, X. G. Xu, C. Peng, M. M. Shang, D. L. Geng, Z. Y. Cheng, J. Chen, and J. Lin, “Yellow-emitting NaCaPO4:Mn2+ phosphor for field emission displays,” Opt. Express19(17), 16423–16431 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. G. Xu, J. Chen, S. Z. Deng, N. S. Xu, and J. Lin, “Cathodoluminescent properties of nanocrystalline Lu3Ga5O12:Tb3+ phosphor for field emission display application,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B28(3), 490–494 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Chen, X. H. Liang, S. Z. Deng, and N. S. Xu, “Flat-panel luminescent lamp using carbon nanotube cathodes,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B21(4), 1727–1729 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, T. M.

D. Y. Wang, C. H. Huang, Y. C. Wu, and T. M. Chen, “BaZrSi3O9:Eu2+: a cyan-emitting phosphor with high quantum efficiency for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.21(29), 10818–10822 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Z. Y.

G. G. Li, X. Zhang, C. Peng, M. M. Shang, D. L. Geng, Z. Y. Cheng, and J. Lin, “Cyan-emitting Ti4+- and Mn2+-coactivated Mg2SnO4 as a potential phosphor to enlarge the color gamut for field emission display,” J. Mater. Chem.21(18), 6477–6779 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. G. Li, X. G. Xu, C. Peng, M. M. Shang, D. L. Geng, Z. Y. Cheng, J. Chen, and J. Lin, “Yellow-emitting NaCaPO4:Mn2+ phosphor for field emission displays,” Opt. Express19(17), 16423–16431 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cocivera, M.

J. H. Hao, J. Gao, and M. Cocivera, “Tuning of the blue emission from europium-doped alkaline earth chloroborate thin films activated in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(17), 2778–2780 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Coetsee, E.

S. S. Pitale, V. Kumar, I. M. Nagpure, O. M. Ntwaeaborwa, E. Coetsee, and H. C. Swart, “Cathodoluminescent properties and surface characterization of bluish-white LiAl5O8:Tb phosphor,” J. Appl. Phys.109(1), 013105 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Coetsee, H. C. Swart, and J. J. Terblans, “Cathodoluminescence degradation of Y2SiO5: Ce thin films,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A25(4), 1226–1230 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Coll, B. F.

B. F. Coll, K. A. Dean, E. Howard, S. V. Johnson, M. R. Johnson, and J. E. Jaskie, “Nano-emissive display technology for large-area HDTV,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp.14(5), 477–485 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dean, K. A.

B. F. Coll, K. A. Dean, E. Howard, S. V. Johnson, M. R. Johnson, and J. E. Jaskie, “Nano-emissive display technology for large-area HDTV,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp.14(5), 477–485 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Talin, K. A. Dean, and J. E. Jaskie, “Field emission displays: a critical review,” Solid-State Electron.45(6), 963–976 (2001).
[CrossRef]

DenBaars, S.

W. Im, S. Brinkley, J. Hu, A. Mikhailovsky, S. DenBaars, and R. Seshadri, “Sr2. 975− xBaxCe0. 025AlO4F: a highly efficient green-emitting oxyfluoride phosphor for solid state white lighting,” Chem. Mater.22(9), 2842–2849 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Deng, S. Z.

X. G. Xu, J. Chen, S. Z. Deng, N. S. Xu, and J. Lin, “Cathodoluminescent properties of nanocrystalline Lu3Ga5O12:Tb3+ phosphor for field emission display application,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B28(3), 490–494 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Chen, X. H. Liang, S. Z. Deng, and N. S. Xu, “Flat-panel luminescent lamp using carbon nanotube cathodes,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B21(4), 1727–1729 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dierre, B.

N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, K. Inoue, T. Sekiguchi, B. Dierre, and K. Tamura, “Blue-emitting AlN:Eu2+ nitride phosphor for field emission displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(6), 061101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dinca, L.

P. Dorenbos, L. Pierron, L. Dinca, C. W. E. van Eijk, A. Kahn-Harari, and B. Viana, “4f-5d spectroscopy of Ce3+ in CaBPO5, LiCaPO4 and Li2CaSiO4,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter15(3), 511–520 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dorenbos, P.

P. Dorenbos, L. Pierron, L. Dinca, C. W. E. van Eijk, A. Kahn-Harari, and B. Viana, “4f-5d spectroscopy of Ce3+ in CaBPO5, LiCaPO4 and Li2CaSiO4,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter15(3), 511–520 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Feldman, C.

C. Feldman, “Range of 1-10 kev electrons in solids,” Phys. Rev.117(2), 455–459 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Gao, J.

J. H. Hao, J. Gao, and M. Cocivera, “Tuning of the blue emission from europium-doped alkaline earth chloroborate thin films activated in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(17), 2778–2780 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gao, Z. H.

M. B. Xie, H. B. Liang, Q. Su, Y. Huang, Z. H. Gao, and Y. Tao, “Intense cyan-emitting of Li2CaSiO4:Eu2+ under low-voltage cathode ray excitation,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett.14(10), J69–J72 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Geng, D. L.

G. G. Li, X. G. Xu, C. Peng, M. M. Shang, D. L. Geng, Z. Y. Cheng, J. Chen, and J. Lin, “Yellow-emitting NaCaPO4:Mn2+ phosphor for field emission displays,” Opt. Express19(17), 16423–16431 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. G. Li, X. Zhang, C. Peng, M. M. Shang, D. L. Geng, Z. Y. Cheng, and J. Lin, “Cyan-emitting Ti4+- and Mn2+-coactivated Mg2SnO4 as a potential phosphor to enlarge the color gamut for field emission display,” J. Mater. Chem.21(18), 6477–6779 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Goldburt, E. T.

E. T. Goldburt, V. A. Bolchouchine, B. N. Levonovitch, and N. P. Sochtine, “Highly efficient cathodoluminescent phosphors and screens for mid- and high-voltage field emission displays,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B17(2), 765–768 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Han, J. T.

H. J. Jeong, H. D. Jeong, H. Y. Kim, J. S. Kim, S. Y. Jeong, J. T. Han, D. S. Bang, and G. W. Lee, “All-carbon nanotube-based flexible field-emission devices: from cathode to anode,” Adv. Funct. Mater.21(8), 1526–1532 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hao, J. H.

J. H. Hao, J. Gao, and M. Cocivera, “Tuning of the blue emission from europium-doped alkaline earth chloroborate thin films activated in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(17), 2778–2780 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Heo, S.

A. R. Lakshmanan, S. B. Kim, H. M. Jang, B. G. Kum, B. K. Kang, S. Heo, and D. Seo, “A quantum-splitting phosphor exploiting the energy transfer from anion excitons to Tb3+ in CaSO4: Tb, Na,” Adv. Funct. Mater.17(2), 212–218 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hirosaki, N.

N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, K. Inoue, T. Sekiguchi, B. Dierre, and K. Tamura, “Blue-emitting AlN:Eu2+ nitride phosphor for field emission displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(6), 061101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Holloway, P. H.

P. H. Holloway, T. A. Trottier, B. Abrams, C. Kondoleon, S. L. Jones, J. S. Sebastian, W. J. Thomes, and H. Swart, “Advances in field emission displays phosphors,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B17(2), 758–764 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Howard, E.

B. F. Coll, K. A. Dean, E. Howard, S. V. Johnson, M. R. Johnson, and J. E. Jaskie, “Nano-emissive display technology for large-area HDTV,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp.14(5), 477–485 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hu, J.

W. Im, S. Brinkley, J. Hu, A. Mikhailovsky, S. DenBaars, and R. Seshadri, “Sr2. 975− xBaxCe0. 025AlO4F: a highly efficient green-emitting oxyfluoride phosphor for solid state white lighting,” Chem. Mater.22(9), 2842–2849 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huang, C. H.

D. Y. Wang, C. H. Huang, Y. C. Wu, and T. M. Chen, “BaZrSi3O9:Eu2+: a cyan-emitting phosphor with high quantum efficiency for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.21(29), 10818–10822 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y.

M. B. Xie, H. B. Liang, Q. Su, Y. Huang, Z. H. Gao, and Y. Tao, “Intense cyan-emitting of Li2CaSiO4:Eu2+ under low-voltage cathode ray excitation,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett.14(10), J69–J72 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Huq, S. E.

N. S. Xu and S. E. Huq, “Novel cold cathode materials and applications,” Mater. Sci. Eng. Rep.48(2–5), 47–189 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Im, W.

W. Im, S. Brinkley, J. Hu, A. Mikhailovsky, S. DenBaars, and R. Seshadri, “Sr2. 975− xBaxCe0. 025AlO4F: a highly efficient green-emitting oxyfluoride phosphor for solid state white lighting,” Chem. Mater.22(9), 2842–2849 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, K.

N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, K. Inoue, T. Sekiguchi, B. Dierre, and K. Tamura, “Blue-emitting AlN:Eu2+ nitride phosphor for field emission displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(6), 061101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ito, Y.

K. Toda, Y. Kawakami, S. Kousaka, Y. Ito, A. Komeno, K. Uematsu, and M. Sato, “New silicate phosphors for a white LED,” IEICE Trans. Electron.E 89-C(10), 1406–1412 (2006).

Jacobsen, S. M.

C. Stoffers, S. Yang, F. Zhang, S. M. Jacobsen, B. K. Wagner, and C. J. Summers, “Activator recycling in low voltage cathodoluminescent phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.71(13), 1759 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. Stoffers, S. Yang, S. M. Jacobsen, and C. J. Summers, “Saturation of phosphors under low-voltage excitation,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp.4(4), 337 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Jacobsen, “Phosphors for full-color low-voltage field-emission displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp.4(4), 331 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jang, H. M.

A. R. Lakshmanan, S. B. Kim, H. M. Jang, B. G. Kum, B. K. Kang, S. Heo, and D. Seo, “A quantum-splitting phosphor exploiting the energy transfer from anion excitons to Tb3+ in CaSO4: Tb, Na,” Adv. Funct. Mater.17(2), 212–218 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jang, H. S.

H. S. Jang, J. H. Kang, Y. H. Won, S. Lee, and D. Y. Jeon, “Mechanism for strong yellow emission of Y3Al5O12: Ce3+ phosphor under electron irradiation for the application to field emission backlight units,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(7), 071908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jaskie, J. E.

B. F. Coll, K. A. Dean, E. Howard, S. V. Johnson, M. R. Johnson, and J. E. Jaskie, “Nano-emissive display technology for large-area HDTV,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp.14(5), 477–485 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Talin, K. A. Dean, and J. E. Jaskie, “Field emission displays: a critical review,” Solid-State Electron.45(6), 963–976 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jeon, D. Y.

H. S. Jang, J. H. Kang, Y. H. Won, S. Lee, and D. Y. Jeon, “Mechanism for strong yellow emission of Y3Al5O12: Ce3+ phosphor under electron irradiation for the application to field emission backlight units,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(7), 071908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, H. D.

H. J. Jeong, H. D. Jeong, H. Y. Kim, J. S. Kim, S. Y. Jeong, J. T. Han, D. S. Bang, and G. W. Lee, “All-carbon nanotube-based flexible field-emission devices: from cathode to anode,” Adv. Funct. Mater.21(8), 1526–1532 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, H. J.

H. J. Jeong, H. D. Jeong, H. Y. Kim, J. S. Kim, S. Y. Jeong, J. T. Han, D. S. Bang, and G. W. Lee, “All-carbon nanotube-based flexible field-emission devices: from cathode to anode,” Adv. Funct. Mater.21(8), 1526–1532 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, S. Y.

H. J. Jeong, H. D. Jeong, H. Y. Kim, J. S. Kim, S. Y. Jeong, J. T. Han, D. S. Bang, and G. W. Lee, “All-carbon nanotube-based flexible field-emission devices: from cathode to anode,” Adv. Funct. Mater.21(8), 1526–1532 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, M. R.

B. F. Coll, K. A. Dean, E. Howard, S. V. Johnson, M. R. Johnson, and J. E. Jaskie, “Nano-emissive display technology for large-area HDTV,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp.14(5), 477–485 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, S. V.

B. F. Coll, K. A. Dean, E. Howard, S. V. Johnson, M. R. Johnson, and J. E. Jaskie, “Nano-emissive display technology for large-area HDTV,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp.14(5), 477–485 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jones, S. L.

P. H. Holloway, T. A. Trottier, B. Abrams, C. Kondoleon, S. L. Jones, J. S. Sebastian, W. J. Thomes, and H. Swart, “Advances in field emission displays phosphors,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B17(2), 758–764 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jung, Y. S.

K. S. Sohn, J. H. Kwak, Y. S. Jung, H. X. Yan, and M. J. Reece, “Luminescence of Sr2SiO4-xN2x/3:Eu2+ phosphors prepared by spark plasma sintering,” J. Electrochem. Soc.155(2), J58–J61 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jüstel, T.

T. Jüstel, H. Nikol, and C. Ronda, “New developments in the field of luminescent materials for lighting and displays,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed.37(22), 3084–3103 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kahn-Harari, A.

P. Dorenbos, L. Pierron, L. Dinca, C. W. E. van Eijk, A. Kahn-Harari, and B. Viana, “4f-5d spectroscopy of Ce3+ in CaBPO5, LiCaPO4 and Li2CaSiO4,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter15(3), 511–520 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kang, B. K.

A. R. Lakshmanan, S. B. Kim, H. M. Jang, B. G. Kum, B. K. Kang, S. Heo, and D. Seo, “A quantum-splitting phosphor exploiting the energy transfer from anion excitons to Tb3+ in CaSO4: Tb, Na,” Adv. Funct. Mater.17(2), 212–218 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kang, J. H.

H. S. Jang, J. H. Kang, Y. H. Won, S. Lee, and D. Y. Jeon, “Mechanism for strong yellow emission of Y3Al5O12: Ce3+ phosphor under electron irradiation for the application to field emission backlight units,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(7), 071908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kawakami, Y.

K. Toda, Y. Kawakami, S. Kousaka, Y. Ito, A. Komeno, K. Uematsu, and M. Sato, “New silicate phosphors for a white LED,” IEICE Trans. Electron.E 89-C(10), 1406–1412 (2006).

Kim, H. Y.

H. J. Jeong, H. D. Jeong, H. Y. Kim, J. S. Kim, S. Y. Jeong, J. T. Han, D. S. Bang, and G. W. Lee, “All-carbon nanotube-based flexible field-emission devices: from cathode to anode,” Adv. Funct. Mater.21(8), 1526–1532 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. S.

H. J. Jeong, H. D. Jeong, H. Y. Kim, J. S. Kim, S. Y. Jeong, J. T. Han, D. S. Bang, and G. W. Lee, “All-carbon nanotube-based flexible field-emission devices: from cathode to anode,” Adv. Funct. Mater.21(8), 1526–1532 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. B.

A. R. Lakshmanan, S. B. Kim, H. M. Jang, B. G. Kum, B. K. Kang, S. Heo, and D. Seo, “A quantum-splitting phosphor exploiting the energy transfer from anion excitons to Tb3+ in CaSO4: Tb, Na,” Adv. Funct. Mater.17(2), 212–218 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Komeno, A.

K. Toda, Y. Kawakami, S. Kousaka, Y. Ito, A. Komeno, K. Uematsu, and M. Sato, “New silicate phosphors for a white LED,” IEICE Trans. Electron.E 89-C(10), 1406–1412 (2006).

Kondoleon, C.

P. H. Holloway, T. A. Trottier, B. Abrams, C. Kondoleon, S. L. Jones, J. S. Sebastian, W. J. Thomes, and H. Swart, “Advances in field emission displays phosphors,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B17(2), 758–764 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kousaka, S.

K. Toda, Y. Kawakami, S. Kousaka, Y. Ito, A. Komeno, K. Uematsu, and M. Sato, “New silicate phosphors for a white LED,” IEICE Trans. Electron.E 89-C(10), 1406–1412 (2006).

Kulshreshtha, C.

C. Kulshreshtha, A. K. Sharma, and K. S. Sohn, “Effect of local structures on the luminescence of Li2(Sr,Ca,Ba)SiO4:Eu2+,” J. Electrochem. Soc.156(3), J52–J56 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Kulshreshtha, N. Shin, and K. S. Sohn, “Decay behavior of Li2(Sr,Ba,Ca)SiO4:Eu2+ Phosphors,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett.12(6), J55–J57 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kum, B. G.

A. R. Lakshmanan, S. B. Kim, H. M. Jang, B. G. Kum, B. K. Kang, S. Heo, and D. Seo, “A quantum-splitting phosphor exploiting the energy transfer from anion excitons to Tb3+ in CaSO4: Tb, Na,” Adv. Funct. Mater.17(2), 212–218 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, V.

S. S. Pitale, V. Kumar, I. M. Nagpure, O. M. Ntwaeaborwa, E. Coetsee, and H. C. Swart, “Cathodoluminescent properties and surface characterization of bluish-white LiAl5O8:Tb phosphor,” J. Appl. Phys.109(1), 013105 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kwak, J. H.

K. S. Sohn, J. H. Kwak, Y. S. Jung, H. X. Yan, and M. J. Reece, “Luminescence of Sr2SiO4-xN2x/3:Eu2+ phosphors prepared by spark plasma sintering,” J. Electrochem. Soc.155(2), J58–J61 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lakshmanan, A. R.

A. R. Lakshmanan, S. B. Kim, H. M. Jang, B. G. Kum, B. K. Kang, S. Heo, and D. Seo, “A quantum-splitting phosphor exploiting the energy transfer from anion excitons to Tb3+ in CaSO4: Tb, Na,” Adv. Funct. Mater.17(2), 212–218 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, G. W.

H. J. Jeong, H. D. Jeong, H. Y. Kim, J. S. Kim, S. Y. Jeong, J. T. Han, D. S. Bang, and G. W. Lee, “All-carbon nanotube-based flexible field-emission devices: from cathode to anode,” Adv. Funct. Mater.21(8), 1526–1532 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.

H. S. Jang, J. H. Kang, Y. H. Won, S. Lee, and D. Y. Jeon, “Mechanism for strong yellow emission of Y3Al5O12: Ce3+ phosphor under electron irradiation for the application to field emission backlight units,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(7), 071908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Levonovitch, B. N.

E. T. Goldburt, V. A. Bolchouchine, B. N. Levonovitch, and N. P. Sochtine, “Highly efficient cathodoluminescent phosphors and screens for mid- and high-voltage field emission displays,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B17(2), 765–768 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Li, G. G.

G. G. Li, X. G. Xu, C. Peng, M. M. Shang, D. L. Geng, Z. Y. Cheng, J. Chen, and J. Lin, “Yellow-emitting NaCaPO4:Mn2+ phosphor for field emission displays,” Opt. Express19(17), 16423–16431 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. G. Li, X. Zhang, C. Peng, M. M. Shang, D. L. Geng, Z. Y. Cheng, and J. Lin, “Cyan-emitting Ti4+- and Mn2+-coactivated Mg2SnO4 as a potential phosphor to enlarge the color gamut for field emission display,” J. Mater. Chem.21(18), 6477–6779 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liang, H. B.

M. B. Xie, H. B. Liang, Q. Su, Y. Huang, Z. H. Gao, and Y. Tao, “Intense cyan-emitting of Li2CaSiO4:Eu2+ under low-voltage cathode ray excitation,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett.14(10), J69–J72 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liang, X. H.

J. Chen, X. H. Liang, S. Z. Deng, and N. S. Xu, “Flat-panel luminescent lamp using carbon nanotube cathodes,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B21(4), 1727–1729 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lin, J.

G. G. Li, X. Zhang, C. Peng, M. M. Shang, D. L. Geng, Z. Y. Cheng, and J. Lin, “Cyan-emitting Ti4+- and Mn2+-coactivated Mg2SnO4 as a potential phosphor to enlarge the color gamut for field emission display,” J. Mater. Chem.21(18), 6477–6779 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. G. Li, X. G. Xu, C. Peng, M. M. Shang, D. L. Geng, Z. Y. Cheng, J. Chen, and J. Lin, “Yellow-emitting NaCaPO4:Mn2+ phosphor for field emission displays,” Opt. Express19(17), 16423–16431 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. G. Xu, J. Chen, S. Z. Deng, N. S. Xu, and J. Lin, “Cathodoluminescent properties of nanocrystalline Lu3Ga5O12:Tb3+ phosphor for field emission display application,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B28(3), 490–494 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Liu and J. Lin, “Nanocrystalline LaGaO3: Tm as an efficient blue phosphor for field emission displays with high color purity,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(18), 184108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

J. Liu, J. Y. Sun, and C. S. Shi, “A new luminescent material: Li2CaSiO4:Eu2+,” Mater. Lett.60(23), 2830–2833 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X. M.

X. M. Liu and J. Lin, “Nanocrystalline LaGaO3: Tm as an efficient blue phosphor for field emission displays with high color purity,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(18), 184108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mikhailovsky, A.

W. Im, S. Brinkley, J. Hu, A. Mikhailovsky, S. DenBaars, and R. Seshadri, “Sr2. 975− xBaxCe0. 025AlO4F: a highly efficient green-emitting oxyfluoride phosphor for solid state white lighting,” Chem. Mater.22(9), 2842–2849 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nagpure, I. M.

S. S. Pitale, V. Kumar, I. M. Nagpure, O. M. Ntwaeaborwa, E. Coetsee, and H. C. Swart, “Cathodoluminescent properties and surface characterization of bluish-white LiAl5O8:Tb phosphor,” J. Appl. Phys.109(1), 013105 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nikol, H.

T. Jüstel, H. Nikol, and C. Ronda, “New developments in the field of luminescent materials for lighting and displays,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed.37(22), 3084–3103 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ntwaeaborwa, O. M.

S. S. Pitale, V. Kumar, I. M. Nagpure, O. M. Ntwaeaborwa, E. Coetsee, and H. C. Swart, “Cathodoluminescent properties and surface characterization of bluish-white LiAl5O8:Tb phosphor,” J. Appl. Phys.109(1), 013105 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Peng, C.

G. G. Li, X. Zhang, C. Peng, M. M. Shang, D. L. Geng, Z. Y. Cheng, and J. Lin, “Cyan-emitting Ti4+- and Mn2+-coactivated Mg2SnO4 as a potential phosphor to enlarge the color gamut for field emission display,” J. Mater. Chem.21(18), 6477–6779 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. G. Li, X. G. Xu, C. Peng, M. M. Shang, D. L. Geng, Z. Y. Cheng, J. Chen, and J. Lin, “Yellow-emitting NaCaPO4:Mn2+ phosphor for field emission displays,” Opt. Express19(17), 16423–16431 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pierron, L.

P. Dorenbos, L. Pierron, L. Dinca, C. W. E. van Eijk, A. Kahn-Harari, and B. Viana, “4f-5d spectroscopy of Ce3+ in CaBPO5, LiCaPO4 and Li2CaSiO4,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter15(3), 511–520 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pitale, S. S.

S. S. Pitale, V. Kumar, I. M. Nagpure, O. M. Ntwaeaborwa, E. Coetsee, and H. C. Swart, “Cathodoluminescent properties and surface characterization of bluish-white LiAl5O8:Tb phosphor,” J. Appl. Phys.109(1), 013105 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Reece, M. J.

K. S. Sohn, J. H. Kwak, Y. S. Jung, H. X. Yan, and M. J. Reece, “Luminescence of Sr2SiO4-xN2x/3:Eu2+ phosphors prepared by spark plasma sintering,” J. Electrochem. Soc.155(2), J58–J61 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ronda, C.

T. Jüstel, H. Nikol, and C. Ronda, “New developments in the field of luminescent materials for lighting and displays,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed.37(22), 3084–3103 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Saradhi, M.

M. Saradhi and U. V. Varadaraju, “Photoluminescence studies on Eu2+-activated Li2SrSiO4: a potential orange-yellow phosphor for solid-state lighting,” Chem. Mater.18(22), 5267–5272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sato, M.

K. Toda, Y. Kawakami, S. Kousaka, Y. Ito, A. Komeno, K. Uematsu, and M. Sato, “New silicate phosphors for a white LED,” IEICE Trans. Electron.E 89-C(10), 1406–1412 (2006).

Sebastian, J. S.

P. H. Holloway, T. A. Trottier, B. Abrams, C. Kondoleon, S. L. Jones, J. S. Sebastian, W. J. Thomes, and H. Swart, “Advances in field emission displays phosphors,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B17(2), 758–764 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sekiguchi, T.

N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, K. Inoue, T. Sekiguchi, B. Dierre, and K. Tamura, “Blue-emitting AlN:Eu2+ nitride phosphor for field emission displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(6), 061101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Seo, D.

A. R. Lakshmanan, S. B. Kim, H. M. Jang, B. G. Kum, B. K. Kang, S. Heo, and D. Seo, “A quantum-splitting phosphor exploiting the energy transfer from anion excitons to Tb3+ in CaSO4: Tb, Na,” Adv. Funct. Mater.17(2), 212–218 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Seshadri, R.

W. Im, S. Brinkley, J. Hu, A. Mikhailovsky, S. DenBaars, and R. Seshadri, “Sr2. 975− xBaxCe0. 025AlO4F: a highly efficient green-emitting oxyfluoride phosphor for solid state white lighting,” Chem. Mater.22(9), 2842–2849 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shang, M. M.

G. G. Li, X. G. Xu, C. Peng, M. M. Shang, D. L. Geng, Z. Y. Cheng, J. Chen, and J. Lin, “Yellow-emitting NaCaPO4:Mn2+ phosphor for field emission displays,” Opt. Express19(17), 16423–16431 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. G. Li, X. Zhang, C. Peng, M. M. Shang, D. L. Geng, Z. Y. Cheng, and J. Lin, “Cyan-emitting Ti4+- and Mn2+-coactivated Mg2SnO4 as a potential phosphor to enlarge the color gamut for field emission display,” J. Mater. Chem.21(18), 6477–6779 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sharma, A. K.

C. Kulshreshtha, A. K. Sharma, and K. S. Sohn, “Effect of local structures on the luminescence of Li2(Sr,Ca,Ba)SiO4:Eu2+,” J. Electrochem. Soc.156(3), J52–J56 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shea, L. E.

L. E. Shea, “Low-voltage cathodoluminescent phosphors,” Electrochem. Soc. Interface7(2), 24–27 (1998).

Shi, C. S.

J. Liu, J. Y. Sun, and C. S. Shi, “A new luminescent material: Li2CaSiO4:Eu2+,” Mater. Lett.60(23), 2830–2833 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shin, N.

C. Kulshreshtha, N. Shin, and K. S. Sohn, “Decay behavior of Li2(Sr,Ba,Ca)SiO4:Eu2+ Phosphors,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett.12(6), J55–J57 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sochtine, N. P.

E. T. Goldburt, V. A. Bolchouchine, B. N. Levonovitch, and N. P. Sochtine, “Highly efficient cathodoluminescent phosphors and screens for mid- and high-voltage field emission displays,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B17(2), 765–768 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sohn, K. S.

C. Kulshreshtha, N. Shin, and K. S. Sohn, “Decay behavior of Li2(Sr,Ba,Ca)SiO4:Eu2+ Phosphors,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett.12(6), J55–J57 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Kulshreshtha, A. K. Sharma, and K. S. Sohn, “Effect of local structures on the luminescence of Li2(Sr,Ca,Ba)SiO4:Eu2+,” J. Electrochem. Soc.156(3), J52–J56 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. S. Sohn, J. H. Kwak, Y. S. Jung, H. X. Yan, and M. J. Reece, “Luminescence of Sr2SiO4-xN2x/3:Eu2+ phosphors prepared by spark plasma sintering,” J. Electrochem. Soc.155(2), J58–J61 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Stoffers, C.

C. Stoffers, S. Yang, F. Zhang, S. M. Jacobsen, B. K. Wagner, and C. J. Summers, “Activator recycling in low voltage cathodoluminescent phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.71(13), 1759 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. Stoffers, S. Yang, S. M. Jacobsen, and C. J. Summers, “Saturation of phosphors under low-voltage excitation,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp.4(4), 337 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Su, Q.

M. B. Xie, H. B. Liang, Q. Su, Y. Huang, Z. H. Gao, and Y. Tao, “Intense cyan-emitting of Li2CaSiO4:Eu2+ under low-voltage cathode ray excitation,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett.14(10), J69–J72 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Summers, C. J.

C. Stoffers, S. Yang, F. Zhang, S. M. Jacobsen, B. K. Wagner, and C. J. Summers, “Activator recycling in low voltage cathodoluminescent phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.71(13), 1759 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. Stoffers, S. Yang, S. M. Jacobsen, and C. J. Summers, “Saturation of phosphors under low-voltage excitation,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp.4(4), 337 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sun, J. Y.

J. Liu, J. Y. Sun, and C. S. Shi, “A new luminescent material: Li2CaSiO4:Eu2+,” Mater. Lett.60(23), 2830–2833 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Swart, H.

P. H. Holloway, T. A. Trottier, B. Abrams, C. Kondoleon, S. L. Jones, J. S. Sebastian, W. J. Thomes, and H. Swart, “Advances in field emission displays phosphors,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B17(2), 758–764 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Swart, H. C.

S. S. Pitale, V. Kumar, I. M. Nagpure, O. M. Ntwaeaborwa, E. Coetsee, and H. C. Swart, “Cathodoluminescent properties and surface characterization of bluish-white LiAl5O8:Tb phosphor,” J. Appl. Phys.109(1), 013105 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Coetsee, H. C. Swart, and J. J. Terblans, “Cathodoluminescence degradation of Y2SiO5: Ce thin films,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A25(4), 1226–1230 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Talin, A. A.

A. A. Talin, K. A. Dean, and J. E. Jaskie, “Field emission displays: a critical review,” Solid-State Electron.45(6), 963–976 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tamura, K.

N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, K. Inoue, T. Sekiguchi, B. Dierre, and K. Tamura, “Blue-emitting AlN:Eu2+ nitride phosphor for field emission displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(6), 061101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tao, Y.

M. B. Xie, H. B. Liang, Q. Su, Y. Huang, Z. H. Gao, and Y. Tao, “Intense cyan-emitting of Li2CaSiO4:Eu2+ under low-voltage cathode ray excitation,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett.14(10), J69–J72 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Terblans, J. J.

E. Coetsee, H. C. Swart, and J. J. Terblans, “Cathodoluminescence degradation of Y2SiO5: Ce thin films,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A25(4), 1226–1230 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Thomes, W. J.

P. H. Holloway, T. A. Trottier, B. Abrams, C. Kondoleon, S. L. Jones, J. S. Sebastian, W. J. Thomes, and H. Swart, “Advances in field emission displays phosphors,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B17(2), 758–764 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Toda, K.

K. Toda, Y. Kawakami, S. Kousaka, Y. Ito, A. Komeno, K. Uematsu, and M. Sato, “New silicate phosphors for a white LED,” IEICE Trans. Electron.E 89-C(10), 1406–1412 (2006).

Trottier, T. A.

P. H. Holloway, T. A. Trottier, B. Abrams, C. Kondoleon, S. L. Jones, J. S. Sebastian, W. J. Thomes, and H. Swart, “Advances in field emission displays phosphors,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B17(2), 758–764 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Uematsu, K.

K. Toda, Y. Kawakami, S. Kousaka, Y. Ito, A. Komeno, K. Uematsu, and M. Sato, “New silicate phosphors for a white LED,” IEICE Trans. Electron.E 89-C(10), 1406–1412 (2006).

van Eijk, C. W. E.

P. Dorenbos, L. Pierron, L. Dinca, C. W. E. van Eijk, A. Kahn-Harari, and B. Viana, “4f-5d spectroscopy of Ce3+ in CaBPO5, LiCaPO4 and Li2CaSiO4,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter15(3), 511–520 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Varadaraju, U. V.

M. Saradhi and U. V. Varadaraju, “Photoluminescence studies on Eu2+-activated Li2SrSiO4: a potential orange-yellow phosphor for solid-state lighting,” Chem. Mater.18(22), 5267–5272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Viana, B.

P. Dorenbos, L. Pierron, L. Dinca, C. W. E. van Eijk, A. Kahn-Harari, and B. Viana, “4f-5d spectroscopy of Ce3+ in CaBPO5, LiCaPO4 and Li2CaSiO4,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter15(3), 511–520 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, B. K.

C. Stoffers, S. Yang, F. Zhang, S. M. Jacobsen, B. K. Wagner, and C. J. Summers, “Activator recycling in low voltage cathodoluminescent phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.71(13), 1759 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wang, D. Y.

D. Y. Wang, C. H. Huang, Y. C. Wu, and T. M. Chen, “BaZrSi3O9:Eu2+: a cyan-emitting phosphor with high quantum efficiency for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.21(29), 10818–10822 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Won, Y. H.

H. S. Jang, J. H. Kang, Y. H. Won, S. Lee, and D. Y. Jeon, “Mechanism for strong yellow emission of Y3Al5O12: Ce3+ phosphor under electron irradiation for the application to field emission backlight units,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(7), 071908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Y. C.

D. Y. Wang, C. H. Huang, Y. C. Wu, and T. M. Chen, “BaZrSi3O9:Eu2+: a cyan-emitting phosphor with high quantum efficiency for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.21(29), 10818–10822 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xie, M. B.

M. B. Xie, H. B. Liang, Q. Su, Y. Huang, Z. H. Gao, and Y. Tao, “Intense cyan-emitting of Li2CaSiO4:Eu2+ under low-voltage cathode ray excitation,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett.14(10), J69–J72 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xie, R. J.

N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, K. Inoue, T. Sekiguchi, B. Dierre, and K. Tamura, “Blue-emitting AlN:Eu2+ nitride phosphor for field emission displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(6), 061101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xu, N. S.

X. G. Xu, J. Chen, S. Z. Deng, N. S. Xu, and J. Lin, “Cathodoluminescent properties of nanocrystalline Lu3Ga5O12:Tb3+ phosphor for field emission display application,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B28(3), 490–494 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. S. Xu and S. E. Huq, “Novel cold cathode materials and applications,” Mater. Sci. Eng. Rep.48(2–5), 47–189 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Chen, X. H. Liang, S. Z. Deng, and N. S. Xu, “Flat-panel luminescent lamp using carbon nanotube cathodes,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B21(4), 1727–1729 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Xu, X. G.

G. G. Li, X. G. Xu, C. Peng, M. M. Shang, D. L. Geng, Z. Y. Cheng, J. Chen, and J. Lin, “Yellow-emitting NaCaPO4:Mn2+ phosphor for field emission displays,” Opt. Express19(17), 16423–16431 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. G. Xu, J. Chen, S. Z. Deng, N. S. Xu, and J. Lin, “Cathodoluminescent properties of nanocrystalline Lu3Ga5O12:Tb3+ phosphor for field emission display application,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B28(3), 490–494 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yan, H. X.

K. S. Sohn, J. H. Kwak, Y. S. Jung, H. X. Yan, and M. J. Reece, “Luminescence of Sr2SiO4-xN2x/3:Eu2+ phosphors prepared by spark plasma sintering,” J. Electrochem. Soc.155(2), J58–J61 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yang, S.

C. Stoffers, S. Yang, F. Zhang, S. M. Jacobsen, B. K. Wagner, and C. J. Summers, “Activator recycling in low voltage cathodoluminescent phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.71(13), 1759 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. Stoffers, S. Yang, S. M. Jacobsen, and C. J. Summers, “Saturation of phosphors under low-voltage excitation,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp.4(4), 337 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yang, S. H.

S. H. Yang and M. Yokoyama, “Enhanced luminance of ZnGa2O4 phosphor by In2O3 doping,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A19(5), 2463–2467 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yao, S. S.

S. S. Yao and D. H. Chen, “Combustion synthesis and luminescent properties of a new material Li2(Ba0.99,Eu0.01)SiO4:B3+ for ultraviolet light emitting diodes,” Opt. Laser Technol.40(3), 466–471 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yokoyama, M.

S. H. Yang and M. Yokoyama, “Enhanced luminance of ZnGa2O4 phosphor by In2O3 doping,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A19(5), 2463–2467 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, F.

C. Stoffers, S. Yang, F. Zhang, S. M. Jacobsen, B. K. Wagner, and C. J. Summers, “Activator recycling in low voltage cathodoluminescent phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.71(13), 1759 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

G. G. Li, X. Zhang, C. Peng, M. M. Shang, D. L. Geng, Z. Y. Cheng, and J. Lin, “Cyan-emitting Ti4+- and Mn2+-coactivated Mg2SnO4 as a potential phosphor to enlarge the color gamut for field emission display,” J. Mater. Chem.21(18), 6477–6779 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (2)

A. R. Lakshmanan, S. B. Kim, H. M. Jang, B. G. Kum, B. K. Kang, S. Heo, and D. Seo, “A quantum-splitting phosphor exploiting the energy transfer from anion excitons to Tb3+ in CaSO4: Tb, Na,” Adv. Funct. Mater.17(2), 212–218 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Jeong, H. D. Jeong, H. Y. Kim, J. S. Kim, S. Y. Jeong, J. T. Han, D. S. Bang, and G. W. Lee, “All-carbon nanotube-based flexible field-emission devices: from cathode to anode,” Adv. Funct. Mater.21(8), 1526–1532 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. (1)

T. Jüstel, H. Nikol, and C. Ronda, “New developments in the field of luminescent materials for lighting and displays,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed.37(22), 3084–3103 (1998).
[CrossRef]

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C. Stoffers, S. Yang, F. Zhang, S. M. Jacobsen, B. K. Wagner, and C. J. Summers, “Activator recycling in low voltage cathodoluminescent phosphors,” Appl. Phys. Lett.71(13), 1759 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Jang, J. H. Kang, Y. H. Won, S. Lee, and D. Y. Jeon, “Mechanism for strong yellow emission of Y3Al5O12: Ce3+ phosphor under electron irradiation for the application to field emission backlight units,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(7), 071908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Hao, J. Gao, and M. Cocivera, “Tuning of the blue emission from europium-doped alkaline earth chloroborate thin films activated in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett.82(17), 2778–2780 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Hirosaki, R. J. Xie, K. Inoue, T. Sekiguchi, B. Dierre, and K. Tamura, “Blue-emitting AlN:Eu2+ nitride phosphor for field emission displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(6), 061101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Liu and J. Lin, “Nanocrystalline LaGaO3: Tm as an efficient blue phosphor for field emission displays with high color purity,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(18), 184108 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater. (2)

W. Im, S. Brinkley, J. Hu, A. Mikhailovsky, S. DenBaars, and R. Seshadri, “Sr2. 975− xBaxCe0. 025AlO4F: a highly efficient green-emitting oxyfluoride phosphor for solid state white lighting,” Chem. Mater.22(9), 2842–2849 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Saradhi and U. V. Varadaraju, “Photoluminescence studies on Eu2+-activated Li2SrSiO4: a potential orange-yellow phosphor for solid-state lighting,” Chem. Mater.18(22), 5267–5272 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Electrochem. Soc. Interface (1)

L. E. Shea, “Low-voltage cathodoluminescent phosphors,” Electrochem. Soc. Interface7(2), 24–27 (1998).

Electrochem. Solid-State Lett. (2)

C. Kulshreshtha, N. Shin, and K. S. Sohn, “Decay behavior of Li2(Sr,Ba,Ca)SiO4:Eu2+ Phosphors,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett.12(6), J55–J57 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Xie, H. B. Liang, Q. Su, Y. Huang, Z. H. Gao, and Y. Tao, “Intense cyan-emitting of Li2CaSiO4:Eu2+ under low-voltage cathode ray excitation,” Electrochem. Solid-State Lett.14(10), J69–J72 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Electron. (1)

K. Toda, Y. Kawakami, S. Kousaka, Y. Ito, A. Komeno, K. Uematsu, and M. Sato, “New silicate phosphors for a white LED,” IEICE Trans. Electron.E 89-C(10), 1406–1412 (2006).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. S. Pitale, V. Kumar, I. M. Nagpure, O. M. Ntwaeaborwa, E. Coetsee, and H. C. Swart, “Cathodoluminescent properties and surface characterization of bluish-white LiAl5O8:Tb phosphor,” J. Appl. Phys.109(1), 013105 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Electrochem. Soc. (2)

K. S. Sohn, J. H. Kwak, Y. S. Jung, H. X. Yan, and M. J. Reece, “Luminescence of Sr2SiO4-xN2x/3:Eu2+ phosphors prepared by spark plasma sintering,” J. Electrochem. Soc.155(2), J58–J61 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Kulshreshtha, A. K. Sharma, and K. S. Sohn, “Effect of local structures on the luminescence of Li2(Sr,Ca,Ba)SiO4:Eu2+,” J. Electrochem. Soc.156(3), J52–J56 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Chem. (2)

G. G. Li, X. Zhang, C. Peng, M. M. Shang, D. L. Geng, Z. Y. Cheng, and J. Lin, “Cyan-emitting Ti4+- and Mn2+-coactivated Mg2SnO4 as a potential phosphor to enlarge the color gamut for field emission display,” J. Mater. Chem.21(18), 6477–6779 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Wang, C. H. Huang, Y. C. Wu, and T. M. Chen, “BaZrSi3O9:Eu2+: a cyan-emitting phosphor with high quantum efficiency for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.21(29), 10818–10822 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

P. Dorenbos, L. Pierron, L. Dinca, C. W. E. van Eijk, A. Kahn-Harari, and B. Viana, “4f-5d spectroscopy of Ce3+ in CaBPO5, LiCaPO4 and Li2CaSiO4,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter15(3), 511–520 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Soc. Inf. Disp. (3)

B. F. Coll, K. A. Dean, E. Howard, S. V. Johnson, M. R. Johnson, and J. E. Jaskie, “Nano-emissive display technology for large-area HDTV,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp.14(5), 477–485 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

C. Stoffers, S. Yang, S. M. Jacobsen, and C. J. Summers, “Saturation of phosphors under low-voltage excitation,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp.4(4), 337 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A (2)

S. H. Yang and M. Yokoyama, “Enhanced luminance of ZnGa2O4 phosphor by In2O3 doping,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A19(5), 2463–2467 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. Coetsee, H. C. Swart, and J. J. Terblans, “Cathodoluminescence degradation of Y2SiO5: Ce thin films,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A25(4), 1226–1230 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B (4)

P. H. Holloway, T. A. Trottier, B. Abrams, C. Kondoleon, S. L. Jones, J. S. Sebastian, W. J. Thomes, and H. Swart, “Advances in field emission displays phosphors,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B17(2), 758–764 (1999).
[CrossRef]

X. G. Xu, J. Chen, S. Z. Deng, N. S. Xu, and J. Lin, “Cathodoluminescent properties of nanocrystalline Lu3Ga5O12:Tb3+ phosphor for field emission display application,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B28(3), 490–494 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. T. Goldburt, V. A. Bolchouchine, B. N. Levonovitch, and N. P. Sochtine, “Highly efficient cathodoluminescent phosphors and screens for mid- and high-voltage field emission displays,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B17(2), 765–768 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Chen, X. H. Liang, S. Z. Deng, and N. S. Xu, “Flat-panel luminescent lamp using carbon nanotube cathodes,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B21(4), 1727–1729 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Lett. (1)

J. Liu, J. Y. Sun, and C. S. Shi, “A new luminescent material: Li2CaSiO4:Eu2+,” Mater. Lett.60(23), 2830–2833 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Sci. Eng. Rep. (1)

N. S. Xu and S. E. Huq, “Novel cold cathode materials and applications,” Mater. Sci. Eng. Rep.48(2–5), 47–189 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

S. S. Yao and D. H. Chen, “Combustion synthesis and luminescent properties of a new material Li2(Ba0.99,Eu0.01)SiO4:B3+ for ultraviolet light emitting diodes,” Opt. Laser Technol.40(3), 466–471 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. (1)

C. Feldman, “Range of 1-10 kev electrons in solids,” Phys. Rev.117(2), 455–459 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Solid-State Electron. (1)

A. A. Talin, K. A. Dean, and J. E. Jaskie, “Field emission displays: a critical review,” Solid-State Electron.45(6), 963–976 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

N. S. Xu, J. C. She, S. Z. Deng, and J. Chen, “A gun with a cold cathode,” EP Patent 1,508,910 (2008).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) SEM image of cross-section view of Li2CaSiO4:Eu2+ phosphor layer prepared on ITO glass substrate. (b) Typical XRD pattern of Li2CaSiO4:Eu2+ phosphor layer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Typical CL spectrum of Li2CaSiO4:Eu2+ phosphor screen measured under Va = 7 kV and Ja = 50 μA/cm2. Top left inset shows the luminescent image of the phosphor screen during CL measurement and top right inset shows the amplified CL spectrum from 550 nm to 780 nm. (b) Integrated CL intensity for Li2CaSiO4:Eu2+ and Mg2SnO4:Ti4+,Mn2+ phosphors as a function of anode voltage; Top left inset shows the calculated electron penetration depth for both phosphors.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Luminance of Li2CaSiO4:Eu2+ phosphor screen as a function of anode current density under different anode accelerating voltages. (b) Luminance of Mg2SnO4:Ti4+,Mn2+ phosphor screen under 7 kV; (c) Decay time for Li2CaSiO4:Eu2+. (d) Decay time for Mg2SnO4:Ti4+,Mn2+.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Comparison of the degradation properties of Li2CaSiO4:Eu2+, Mg2SnO4:Ti4+,Mn2+ and ZnS: Ag, Cl phosphor screen under constant electron bombardment (Va = 7 kV and Ja = 50 μA/cm2).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Comparison of the emission spectra for (a) Mg2SnO4:Ti4+,Mn2+ and (b) Li2CaSiO4:Eu2+ as well as (c) dependence of the integral emission intensity on temperature for both phosphors.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

I-V characteristics measured from (a) Li2CaSiO4:Eu2+ and (b) Mg2SnO4:Ti4+,Mn2+ phosphor particles using a microprobe. Bottom right inset shows one SEM picture of the microprobe on a Li2CaSiO4:Eu2+ phosphor particle.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) CIE coordinates of Li2CaSiO4:Eu2+ phosphor in a CIE 1931 chromaticity diagram together with CIE coordinates of CRT and FED tricolor phosphors. (b) CIE coordinates comparison in FED tricolor phosphors for both Li2CaSiO4:Eu2+ and Mg2SnO4:Ti4+,Mn2+ phosphor.

Equations (1)

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L[Å]=250( A ρ ) ( E Z ) n ,n= 1.2 10.29lgZ

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