Abstract

We report an electro-optic directed logic circuit which can implement the AND/NAND operations based on two parallel microring resonators. PIN diodes are embedded around microring resonators to achieve the carrier-injection modulation, two electrical pulse sequences regarded as the two operands of the operations are employed to modulate two microring resonators through the plasma dispersion effect. The operation results are obtained at the optical output ports in the form of light. Microheaters fabricated on the top of the microring resonators are employed to compensate two microring resonators resonance mismatch caused by the fabrication errors through the thermo-optic effect. The AND/NAND operations with the operation speed of 100Mbps are demonstrated simultaneously.

© 2012 OSA

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2012 (3)

2011 (5)

2010 (4)

2009 (1)

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (6)

J. Hardy and J. Shamir, “Optics inspired logic architecture,” Opt. Express 15(1), 150–165 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Caulfield, R. A. Soref, and C. S. Vikram, “Universal reconfigurable optical logic with silicon-oninsulator resonant structures,” Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 5(1), 14–20 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, “Ultracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 65–71 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Xu, P. Dong, and M. Lipson, “Breaking the delay-bandwidth limit in a photonic structure,” Nat. Phys. 3(6), 406–410 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. M. J. Green, M. J. Rooks, L. Sekaric, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Ultra-compact, low RF power, 10 Gb/s silicon Mach-Zehnder modulator,” Opt. Express 15(25), 17106–17113 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Liu, L. Liao, D. Rubin, H. Nguyen, B. Ciftcioglu, Y. Chetrit, N. Izhaky, and M. Paniccia, “High-speed optical modulation based on carrier depletion in a silicon waveguide,” Opt. Express 15(2), 660–668 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater. 5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Artundo, L. Desmet, W. Heirman, C. Debaes, J. Dambre, J. Van Campenhout, and H. Thienpont, “Selective optical broadcast component for reconfigurable multiprocessor interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 828–837 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature 435(7040), 325–327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, “A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor,” Nature 427(6975), 615–618 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

N. M. Jokerst, M. A. Brooke, S. Y. Cho, S. Wilkinson, M. Vrazel, S. Fike, J. Tabler, Y. J. Joo, S. W. Seo, D. S. Wills, and A. Brown, “The heterogeneous integration of optical interconnections into integrated microsystems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9(2), 350–360 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

D. A. B. Miller, “Rationale and challenges for optical interconnects to electronic chips,” Proc. IEEE 88(6), 728–749 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Artundo, I.

I. Artundo, L. Desmet, W. Heirman, C. Debaes, J. Dambre, J. Van Campenhout, and H. Thienpont, “Selective optical broadcast component for reconfigurable multiprocessor interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 828–837 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Asghari, M.

Baehr-Jones, T.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater. 5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baets, R.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bergman, K.

J. Chan and K. Bergman, “Photonic interconnection network architectures using wavelength-selective spatial routing for chip-scale communications,” J. Opt. Networking 4(3), 189–201 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Biaggio, I.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bogaerts, W.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Brooke, M. A.

N. M. Jokerst, M. A. Brooke, S. Y. Cho, S. Wilkinson, M. Vrazel, S. Fike, J. Tabler, Y. J. Joo, S. W. Seo, D. S. Wills, and A. Brown, “The heterogeneous integration of optical interconnections into integrated microsystems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9(2), 350–360 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Brown, A.

N. M. Jokerst, M. A. Brooke, S. Y. Cho, S. Wilkinson, M. Vrazel, S. Fike, J. Tabler, Y. J. Joo, S. W. Seo, D. S. Wills, and A. Brown, “The heterogeneous integration of optical interconnections into integrated microsystems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9(2), 350–360 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Byun, H.

Caulfield, H. J.

H. J. Caulfield and S. Dolev, “Why future supercomputing requires optics,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 261–263 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Caulfield, R. A. Soref, and C. S. Vikram, “Universal reconfigurable optical logic with silicon-oninsulator resonant structures,” Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 5(1), 14–20 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chan, J.

J. Chan and K. Bergman, “Photonic interconnection network architectures using wavelength-selective spatial routing for chip-scale communications,” J. Opt. Networking 4(3), 189–201 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, B.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater. 5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, H. T.

Chen, J.

Chen, P.

Chetrit, Y.

Cho, S. Y.

N. M. Jokerst, M. A. Brooke, S. Y. Cho, S. Wilkinson, M. Vrazel, S. Fike, J. Tabler, Y. J. Joo, S. W. Seo, D. S. Wills, and A. Brown, “The heterogeneous integration of optical interconnections into integrated microsystems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9(2), 350–360 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ciftcioglu, B.

Cohen, O.

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, “A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor,” Nature 427(6975), 615–618 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cunningham, J. E.

Dahlem, M. S.

Dalton, L.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater. 5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dambre, J.

I. Artundo, L. Desmet, W. Heirman, C. Debaes, J. Dambre, J. Van Campenhout, and H. Thienpont, “Selective optical broadcast component for reconfigurable multiprocessor interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 828–837 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Debaes, C.

I. Artundo, L. Desmet, W. Heirman, C. Debaes, J. Dambre, J. Van Campenhout, and H. Thienpont, “Selective optical broadcast component for reconfigurable multiprocessor interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 828–837 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Desmet, L.

I. Artundo, L. Desmet, W. Heirman, C. Debaes, J. Dambre, J. Van Campenhout, and H. Thienpont, “Selective optical broadcast component for reconfigurable multiprocessor interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 828–837 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Diederich, F.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

DiLello, N. A.

Ding, J. F.

Dolev, S.

H. J. Caulfield and S. Dolev, “Why future supercomputing requires optics,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 261–263 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dong, P.

Dumon, P.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Emerson, N. G.

Esembeson, B.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fang, Q.

Feng, D. Z.

Feng, N. N.

Fike, S.

N. M. Jokerst, M. A. Brooke, S. Y. Cho, S. Wilkinson, M. Vrazel, S. Fike, J. Tabler, Y. J. Joo, S. W. Seo, D. S. Wills, and A. Brown, “The heterogeneous integration of optical interconnections into integrated microsystems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9(2), 350–360 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Freude, W.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gan, F.

Gardes, F. Y.

F. Y. Gardes, D. J. Thomson, N. G. Emerson, and G. T. Reed, “40 Gb/s silicon photonics modulator for TE and TM polarisations,” Opt. Express 19(12), 11804–11814 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. T. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Y. Gardes, and D. J. Thomson, “Silicon optical modulators,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 518–526 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Geis, M. W.

Green, W. M. J.

Grein, M. E.

Hardy, J.

Harvard, K.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater. 5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heirman, W.

I. Artundo, L. Desmet, W. Heirman, C. Debaes, J. Dambre, J. Van Campenhout, and H. Thienpont, “Selective optical broadcast component for reconfigurable multiprocessor interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 828–837 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hochberg, M.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater. 5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, C. W.

Hoyt, J. L.

Ippen, E. P.

Ishikawa, Y.

Izhaky, N.

Jen, A. K.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater. 5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ji, R. Q.

Jia, L. X.

Jiang, Z. Y.

Jokerst, N. M.

N. M. Jokerst, M. A. Brooke, S. Y. Cho, S. Wilkinson, M. Vrazel, S. Fike, J. Tabler, Y. J. Joo, S. W. Seo, D. S. Wills, and A. Brown, “The heterogeneous integration of optical interconnections into integrated microsystems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9(2), 350–360 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jones, R.

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, “A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor,” Nature 427(6975), 615–618 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Joo, Y. J.

N. M. Jokerst, M. A. Brooke, S. Y. Cho, S. Wilkinson, M. Vrazel, S. Fike, J. Tabler, Y. J. Joo, S. W. Seo, D. S. Wills, and A. Brown, “The heterogeneous integration of optical interconnections into integrated microsystems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9(2), 350–360 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kärtner, F. X.

Kärtner, F. Z.

Khilo, A.

Koos, C.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Krishnamoorthy, A. V.

Lawson, R.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater. 5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lennon, D. M.

Leuthold, J.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, G.

Liang, H.

Liao, L.

A. S. Liu, L. Liao, D. Rubin, H. Nguyen, B. Ciftcioglu, Y. Chetrit, N. Izhaky, and M. Paniccia, “High-speed optical modulation based on carrier depletion in a silicon waveguide,” Opt. Express 15(2), 660–668 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, “A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor,” Nature 427(6975), 615–618 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liao, S.

Lin, S.

Liow, T. Y.

Lipson, M.

Q. Xu, P. Dong, and M. Lipson, “Breaking the delay-bandwidth limit in a photonic structure,” Nat. Phys. 3(6), 406–410 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature 435(7040), 325–327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, A.

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, “A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor,” Nature 427(6975), 615–618 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, A. S.

Liu, Y. L.

Lo, G. Q.

Lu, Y. Y.

Luo, J.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater. 5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lyszczarz, T. M.

Mashanovich, G.

G. T. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Y. Gardes, and D. J. Thomson, “Silicon optical modulators,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 518–526 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Michinobu, T.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Miller, D. A. B.

D. A. B. Miller, “Rationale and challenges for optical interconnects to electronic chips,” Proc. IEEE 88(6), 728–749 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Motamedi, A.

Nejadmalayeri, A. H.

Nguyen, H.

Nicolaescu, R.

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, “A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor,” Nature 427(6975), 615–618 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Orcutt, J. S.

Paniccia, M.

A. S. Liu, L. Liao, D. Rubin, H. Nguyen, B. Ciftcioglu, Y. Chetrit, N. Izhaky, and M. Paniccia, “High-speed optical modulation based on carrier depletion in a silicon waveguide,” Opt. Express 15(2), 660–668 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, “A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor,” Nature 427(6975), 615–618 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peng, M. Y.

Perrott, M.

Popovic, M. A.

Pradhan, S.

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature 435(7040), 325–327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ram, R. J.

Reed, G. T.

F. Y. Gardes, D. J. Thomson, N. G. Emerson, and G. T. Reed, “40 Gb/s silicon photonics modulator for TE and TM polarisations,” Opt. Express 19(12), 11804–11814 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. T. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Y. Gardes, and D. J. Thomson, “Silicon optical modulators,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 518–526 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rooks, M. J.

Rubin, D.

A. S. Liu, L. Liao, D. Rubin, H. Nguyen, B. Ciftcioglu, Y. Chetrit, N. Izhaky, and M. Paniccia, “High-speed optical modulation based on carrier depletion in a silicon waveguide,” Opt. Express 15(2), 660–668 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, “A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor,” Nature 427(6975), 615–618 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Samara-Rubio, D.

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, “A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor,” Nature 427(6975), 615–618 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sander, M. Y.

Scherer, A.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater. 5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmidt, B.

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature 435(7040), 325–327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sekaric, L.

Seo, S. W.

N. M. Jokerst, M. A. Brooke, S. Y. Cho, S. Wilkinson, M. Vrazel, S. Fike, J. Tabler, Y. J. Joo, S. W. Seo, D. S. Wills, and A. Brown, “The heterogeneous integration of optical interconnections into integrated microsystems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9(2), 350–360 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shafiiha, R.

Shamir, J.

Shearn, M.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater. 5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shi, Z.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater. 5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, H. I.

Song, J. F.

Sorace-Agaskar, C. M.

Soref, R.

R. Soref, “Reconfigurable integrated optoelectronics,” Adv. Optoelectron. 2011, 627802 (2011).

Soref, R. A.

Q. F. Xu and R. A. Soref, “Reconfigurable optical directed-logic circuits using microresonator-based optical switches,” Opt. Express 19(6), 5244–5259 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Caulfield, R. A. Soref, and C. S. Vikram, “Universal reconfigurable optical logic with silicon-oninsulator resonant structures,” Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 5(1), 14–20 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Spector, S. J.

Sullivan, P.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater. 5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, J.

Tabler, J.

N. M. Jokerst, M. A. Brooke, S. Y. Cho, S. Wilkinson, M. Vrazel, S. Fike, J. Tabler, Y. J. Joo, S. W. Seo, D. S. Wills, and A. Brown, “The heterogeneous integration of optical interconnections into integrated microsystems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9(2), 350–360 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Thienpont, H.

I. Artundo, L. Desmet, W. Heirman, C. Debaes, J. Dambre, J. Van Campenhout, and H. Thienpont, “Selective optical broadcast component for reconfigurable multiprocessor interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 828–837 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Thomson, D. J.

F. Y. Gardes, D. J. Thomson, N. G. Emerson, and G. T. Reed, “40 Gb/s silicon photonics modulator for TE and TM polarisations,” Opt. Express 19(12), 11804–11814 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. T. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Y. Gardes, and D. J. Thomson, “Silicon optical modulators,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 518–526 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tian, Y. H.

Tu, X. G.

Vallaitis, T.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Van Campenhout, J.

I. Artundo, L. Desmet, W. Heirman, C. Debaes, J. Dambre, J. Van Campenhout, and H. Thienpont, “Selective optical broadcast component for reconfigurable multiprocessor interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 828–837 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vikram, C. S.

H. J. Caulfield, R. A. Soref, and C. S. Vikram, “Universal reconfigurable optical logic with silicon-oninsulator resonant structures,” Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 5(1), 14–20 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vlasov, Y.

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, “Ultracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 65–71 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vlasov, Y. A.

Vorreau, P.

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vrazel, M.

N. M. Jokerst, M. A. Brooke, S. Y. Cho, S. Wilkinson, M. Vrazel, S. Fike, J. Tabler, Y. J. Joo, S. W. Seo, D. S. Wills, and A. Brown, “The heterogeneous integration of optical interconnections into integrated microsystems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9(2), 350–360 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wada, K.

Wang, G.

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater. 5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, J. P.

Wilkinson, S.

N. M. Jokerst, M. A. Brooke, S. Y. Cho, S. Wilkinson, M. Vrazel, S. Fike, J. Tabler, Y. J. Joo, S. W. Seo, D. S. Wills, and A. Brown, “The heterogeneous integration of optical interconnections into integrated microsystems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9(2), 350–360 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wills, D. S.

N. M. Jokerst, M. A. Brooke, S. Y. Cho, S. Wilkinson, M. Vrazel, S. Fike, J. Tabler, Y. J. Joo, S. W. Seo, D. S. Wills, and A. Brown, “The heterogeneous integration of optical interconnections into integrated microsystems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9(2), 350–360 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Xia, F.

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, “Ultracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 65–71 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Q.

Q. Xu, P. Dong, and M. Lipson, “Breaking the delay-bandwidth limit in a photonic structure,” Nat. Phys. 3(6), 406–410 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature 435(7040), 325–327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, Q. F.

Yang, L.

Yoon, J. U.

Yu, M.

Yu, M. B.

Zhang, L.

Zheng, D.

Zhou, G. R.

Zhou, P.

Zhu, W. W.

Adv. Optoelectron. (1)

R. Soref, “Reconfigurable integrated optoelectronics,” Adv. Optoelectron. 2011, 627802 (2011).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

I. Artundo, L. Desmet, W. Heirman, C. Debaes, J. Dambre, J. Van Campenhout, and H. Thienpont, “Selective optical broadcast component for reconfigurable multiprocessor interconnects,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(4), 828–837 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. M. Jokerst, M. A. Brooke, S. Y. Cho, S. Wilkinson, M. Vrazel, S. Fike, J. Tabler, Y. J. Joo, S. W. Seo, D. S. Wills, and A. Brown, “The heterogeneous integration of optical interconnections into integrated microsystems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9(2), 350–360 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Networking (1)

J. Chan and K. Bergman, “Photonic interconnection network architectures using wavelength-selective spatial routing for chip-scale communications,” J. Opt. Networking 4(3), 189–201 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater. (1)

M. Hochberg, T. Baehr-Jones, G. Wang, M. Shearn, K. Harvard, J. Luo, B. Chen, Z. Shi, R. Lawson, P. Sullivan, A. K. Jen, L. Dalton, and A. Scherer, “Terahertz all-optical modulation in a silicon-polymer hybrid system,” Nat. Mater. 5(9), 703–709 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (4)

C. Koos, P. Vorreau, T. Vallaitis, P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, B. Esembeson, I. Biaggio, T. Michinobu, F. Diederich, W. Freude, and J. Leuthold, “All-optical high-speed signal processing with silicon-organic hybrid slot waveguides,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 216–219 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. T. Reed, G. Mashanovich, F. Y. Gardes, and D. J. Thomson, “Silicon optical modulators,” Nat. Photonics 4(8), 518–526 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Xia, L. Sekaric, and Y. Vlasov, “Ultracompact optical buffers on a silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 65–71 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Caulfield and S. Dolev, “Why future supercomputing requires optics,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 261–263 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (1)

Q. Xu, P. Dong, and M. Lipson, “Breaking the delay-bandwidth limit in a photonic structure,” Nat. Phys. 3(6), 406–410 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

A. Liu, R. Jones, L. Liao, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Rubin, O. Cohen, R. Nicolaescu, and M. Paniccia, “A high-speed silicon optical modulator based on a metal-oxide-semiconductor capacitor,” Nature 427(6975), 615–618 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature 435(7040), 325–327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (10)

J. Hardy and J. Shamir, “Optics inspired logic architecture,” Opt. Express 15(1), 150–165 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Liu, L. Liao, D. Rubin, H. Nguyen, B. Ciftcioglu, Y. Chetrit, N. Izhaky, and M. Paniccia, “High-speed optical modulation based on carrier depletion in a silicon waveguide,” Opt. Express 15(2), 660–668 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. M. J. Green, M. J. Rooks, L. Sekaric, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Ultra-compact, low RF power, 10 Gb/s silicon Mach-Zehnder modulator,” Opt. Express 15(25), 17106–17113 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. Spector, M. W. Geis, G. R. Zhou, M. E. Grein, F. Gan, M. A. Popovic, J. U. Yoon, D. M. Lennon, E. P. Ippen, F. Z. Kärtner, and T. M. Lyszczarz, “CMOS-compatible dual-output silicon modulator for analog signal processing,” Opt. Express 16(15), 11027–11031 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. N. Feng, S. Liao, D. Z. Feng, P. Dong, D. Zheng, H. Liang, R. Shafiiha, G. Li, J. E. Cunningham, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and M. Asghari, “High speed carrier-depletion modulators with 1.4V-cm V(π)L integrated on 0.25microm silicon-on-insulator waveguides,” Opt. Express 18(8), 7994–7999 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. F. Xu and R. A. Soref, “Reconfigurable optical directed-logic circuits using microresonator-based optical switches,” Opt. Express 19(6), 5244–5259 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Y. Gardes, D. J. Thomson, N. G. Emerson, and G. T. Reed, “40 Gb/s silicon photonics modulator for TE and TM polarisations,” Opt. Express 19(12), 11804–11814 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. G. Tu, T. Y. Liow, J. F. Song, M. B. Yu, and G. Q. Lo, “Fabrication of low loss and high speed silicon optical modulator using doping compensation method,” Opt. Express 19(19), 18029–18035 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Lin, Y. Ishikawa, and K. Wada, “Demonstration of optical computing logics based on binary decision diagram,” Opt. Express 20(2), 1378–1384 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Khilo, S. J. Spector, M. E. Grein, A. H. Nejadmalayeri, C. W. Holzwarth, M. Y. Sander, M. S. Dahlem, M. Y. Peng, M. W. Geis, N. A. DiLello, J. U. Yoon, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, J. P. Wang, C. M. Sorace-Agaskar, M. A. Popović, J. Sun, G. R. Zhou, H. Byun, J. Chen, J. L. Hoyt, H. I. Smith, R. J. Ram, M. Perrott, T. M. Lyszczarz, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, “Photonic ADC: overcoming the bottleneck of electronic jitter,” Opt. Express 20(4), 4454–4469 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. (1)

H. J. Caulfield, R. A. Soref, and C. S. Vikram, “Universal reconfigurable optical logic with silicon-oninsulator resonant structures,” Photon. Nanostruct. Fundam. Appl. 5(1), 14–20 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE (1)

D. A. B. Miller, “Rationale and challenges for optical interconnects to electronic chips,” Proc. IEEE 88(6), 728–749 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Architecture and (b) micrograph of the device (CW: continuous wave, EPS: electrical pulse sequence, MRR: microring resonator)

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Response spectra of the device at the through port (a-d) and the drop port (e-h)with the applied voltages to the PIN diodes around MRR1 and MRR2 being 0 and 0 V ((a),(e)), 1 and 0 V ((b),(f)), 0 and 1 V((c),(g)), and both 1 V ((d),(h)).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Signals applied to (a) MRR1 and (b) MRR2, (c) the AND result at the through port and (d) the NAND result at the drop port.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 The truth table achieved by the proposed circuit

Metrics