Abstract

A 0.3 at% Nd doped La0.11Y0.89VO4 mixed crystal was grown by the Czochralski method. The thermal properties including the thermal expansion coefficient, specific heat, thermal diffusion coefficient, and the thermal conductivity were systematically studied. Diode-pumped continuous-wave (CW) laser performance at 1.06 μm with a- and c-cut crystal were demonstrated, and the maximum output power is about 8.76 W, which is obtained at the incident power of 19.15 W. All the results show that Nd:La0.11Y0.89VO4 is an excellent crystal for application as high-power lasers. What’s more, different with the a-cut crystal, the laser spectrum of c-cut one is found to be dual-wavelength.

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

L. Z. Zhang, M. W. Qiu, M. J. Song, and G. F. Wang, “1064 nm lasing characterisation of Nd3+:LaVO4 pumped with Ti:sapphire laser,” Mater. Res. Innov. 14(2), 119–121 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

Z. Zhuo, T. Li, S. G. Li, B. Zhao, J. Z. Chen, and S. S. Li, “A new composite YVO4/Nd:Y0.9La0.1VO4 crystal laser end-pumped with a fiber coupled diode array,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(6), 445–449 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

J. Morikawa, C. Leong, T. Hashimoto, T. Ogawa, Y. Urata, S. Wada, M. Higuchi, and J. Takahashi, “Thermal conductivity/diffusivity of Nd3+ doped GdVO4, YVO4, LuVO4, and Y3Al5O12 by temperature wave analysis,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 063522 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhu, D. J. Li, P. X. Hu, A. Schell, P. Shi, C. R. Haas, N. A. L. Wu, and K. M. Du, “High efficiency 165 W near-diffraction-limited Nd:YVO4 slab oscillator pumped at 880 nm,” Opt. Lett. 33(17), 1930–1932 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

L. McDonagh, R. Wallenstein, and A. Nebel, “111 W, 110 MHz repetition-rate, passively mode-locked TEM00Nd:YVO4 master oscillator power amplifier pumped at 888 nm,” Opt. Lett. 32(10), 1259–1261 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Cheng, H. J. Zhang, Y. G. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, J. H. Liu, V. Petrov, Z. C. Ling, H. R. Xia, and M. H. Jiang, “Thermal properties and continuous-wave laser performance of Yb:LuVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(4), 681–685 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1−xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(11), 113109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, H. Luo, and M. H. Jiang, “Enhancement of passive Q-switching performance with mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” Opt. Lett. 32(15), 2152–2154 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

J. H. Kang, W. B. Im, D. C. Lee, J. Y. Kim, D. Y. Jeon, Y. C. Kang, and K. Y. Jung, “Correlation of photoluminescence of (Y, Ln)VO4:Eu3+ (Ln=Gd and La) phosphors with their crystal structures,” Solid State Commun. 133(10), 651–656 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, and X. Y. Ma, “2-ps passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser using an output-coupling-type semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(10), 101103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003

J. H. Liu, X. L. Meng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, B. Ozygus, A. Ding, and H. Weber, “Pulse energy enhancement in passive Q-switching operation with a class of Nd:GdxY1-xVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1289–1291 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

H. J. Zhang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, X. S. Liu, G. H. Zhang, W. T. Yu, X. L. Meng, and Y. T. Chow, “Growth and characterization of series Nd:GdxLa1−xVO4 (x = 0.80, 0.60, 0.45) crystals,” J. Mater. Res. 17(03), 556–562 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Zhang, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. S. Shao, X. L. Meng, X. B. Hu, M. H. Jiang, and Y. T. Chow, “Characterization of the laser crystal NdGdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(1), 18–27 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

H. J. Zhang, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, C. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, and M. K. Lu, “Growth, spectra and influence of annealing effect on laser properties of Nd:YVO4 crystal,” Opt. Mater. 14(1), 25–30 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1996

V. G. Ostroumov, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic properties and lasing of Nd:Gd0.5La0.5VO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 124(1-2), 63–68 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser- pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1987

R. A. Fields, M. Birnbaum, and C. L. Fincher, “Highly efficient Nd:YVO4 diode-laser end-pumped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51(23), 1885–1886 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1949

C. Kittel, “Interpretation of the Thermal Conductivity of Glasses,” Phys. Rev. 75(6), 972–974 (1949).
[CrossRef]

Birnbaum, M.

R. A. Fields, M. Birnbaum, and C. L. Fincher, “Highly efficient Nd:YVO4 diode-laser end-pumped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51(23), 1885–1886 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J. Z.

Z. Zhuo, T. Li, S. G. Li, B. Zhao, J. Z. Chen, and S. S. Li, “A new composite YVO4/Nd:Y0.9La0.1VO4 crystal laser end-pumped with a fiber coupled diode array,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(6), 445–449 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, X. F.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1−xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(11), 113109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Y.

Y. Cheng, H. J. Zhang, Y. G. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, J. H. Liu, V. Petrov, Z. C. Ling, H. R. Xia, and M. H. Jiang, “Thermal properties and continuous-wave laser performance of Yb:LuVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(4), 681–685 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chow, Y. T.

H. J. Zhang, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. S. Shao, X. L. Meng, X. B. Hu, M. H. Jiang, and Y. T. Chow, “Characterization of the laser crystal NdGdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(1), 18–27 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Zhang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, X. S. Liu, G. H. Zhang, W. T. Yu, X. L. Meng, and Y. T. Chow, “Growth and characterization of series Nd:GdxLa1−xVO4 (x = 0.80, 0.60, 0.45) crystals,” J. Mater. Res. 17(03), 556–562 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Zhang, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, C. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, and M. K. Lu, “Growth, spectra and influence of annealing effect on laser properties of Nd:YVO4 crystal,” Opt. Mater. 14(1), 25–30 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ding, A.

J. H. Liu, X. L. Meng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, B. Ozygus, A. Ding, and H. Weber, “Pulse energy enhancement in passive Q-switching operation with a class of Nd:GdxY1-xVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1289–1291 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Du, K. M.

Fan, Y. X.

Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, and X. Y. Ma, “2-ps passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser using an output-coupling-type semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(10), 101103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fields, R. A.

R. A. Fields, M. Birnbaum, and C. L. Fincher, “Highly efficient Nd:YVO4 diode-laser end-pumped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51(23), 1885–1886 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Fincher, C. L.

R. A. Fields, M. Birnbaum, and C. L. Fincher, “Highly efficient Nd:YVO4 diode-laser end-pumped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51(23), 1885–1886 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Haas, C. R.

Hashimoto, T.

J. Morikawa, C. Leong, T. Hashimoto, T. Ogawa, Y. Urata, S. Wada, M. Higuchi, and J. Takahashi, “Thermal conductivity/diffusivity of Nd3+ doped GdVO4, YVO4, LuVO4, and Y3Al5O12 by temperature wave analysis,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 063522 (2008).
[CrossRef]

He, J. L.

Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, and X. Y. Ma, “2-ps passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser using an output-coupling-type semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(10), 101103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Higuchi, M.

J. Morikawa, C. Leong, T. Hashimoto, T. Ogawa, Y. Urata, S. Wada, M. Higuchi, and J. Takahashi, “Thermal conductivity/diffusivity of Nd3+ doped GdVO4, YVO4, LuVO4, and Y3Al5O12 by temperature wave analysis,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 063522 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hu, P. X.

Hu, X. B.

Huber, G.

V. G. Ostroumov, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic properties and lasing of Nd:Gd0.5La0.5VO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 124(1-2), 63–68 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser- pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Im, W. B.

J. H. Kang, W. B. Im, D. C. Lee, J. Y. Kim, D. Y. Jeon, Y. C. Kang, and K. Y. Jung, “Correlation of photoluminescence of (Y, Ln)VO4:Eu3+ (Ln=Gd and La) phosphors with their crystal structures,” Solid State Commun. 133(10), 651–656 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jensen, T.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser- pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Jeon, D. Y.

J. H. Kang, W. B. Im, D. C. Lee, J. Y. Kim, D. Y. Jeon, Y. C. Kang, and K. Y. Jung, “Correlation of photoluminescence of (Y, Ln)VO4:Eu3+ (Ln=Gd and La) phosphors with their crystal structures,” Solid State Commun. 133(10), 651–656 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, M.

Jiang, M. H.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, H. Luo, and M. H. Jiang, “Enhancement of passive Q-switching performance with mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” Opt. Lett. 32(15), 2152–2154 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1−xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(11), 113109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Cheng, H. J. Zhang, Y. G. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, J. H. Liu, V. Petrov, Z. C. Ling, H. R. Xia, and M. H. Jiang, “Thermal properties and continuous-wave laser performance of Yb:LuVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(4), 681–685 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Liu, X. L. Meng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, B. Ozygus, A. Ding, and H. Weber, “Pulse energy enhancement in passive Q-switching operation with a class of Nd:GdxY1-xVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1289–1291 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Zhang, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. S. Shao, X. L. Meng, X. B. Hu, M. H. Jiang, and Y. T. Chow, “Characterization of the laser crystal NdGdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(1), 18–27 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jung, K. Y.

J. H. Kang, W. B. Im, D. C. Lee, J. Y. Kim, D. Y. Jeon, Y. C. Kang, and K. Y. Jung, “Correlation of photoluminescence of (Y, Ln)VO4:Eu3+ (Ln=Gd and La) phosphors with their crystal structures,” Solid State Commun. 133(10), 651–656 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kang, J. H.

J. H. Kang, W. B. Im, D. C. Lee, J. Y. Kim, D. Y. Jeon, Y. C. Kang, and K. Y. Jung, “Correlation of photoluminescence of (Y, Ln)VO4:Eu3+ (Ln=Gd and La) phosphors with their crystal structures,” Solid State Commun. 133(10), 651–656 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kang, Y. C.

J. H. Kang, W. B. Im, D. C. Lee, J. Y. Kim, D. Y. Jeon, Y. C. Kang, and K. Y. Jung, “Correlation of photoluminescence of (Y, Ln)VO4:Eu3+ (Ln=Gd and La) phosphors with their crystal structures,” Solid State Commun. 133(10), 651–656 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. Y.

J. H. Kang, W. B. Im, D. C. Lee, J. Y. Kim, D. Y. Jeon, Y. C. Kang, and K. Y. Jung, “Correlation of photoluminescence of (Y, Ln)VO4:Eu3+ (Ln=Gd and La) phosphors with their crystal structures,” Solid State Commun. 133(10), 651–656 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kittel, C.

C. Kittel, “Interpretation of the Thermal Conductivity of Glasses,” Phys. Rev. 75(6), 972–974 (1949).
[CrossRef]

Lee, D. C.

J. H. Kang, W. B. Im, D. C. Lee, J. Y. Kim, D. Y. Jeon, Y. C. Kang, and K. Y. Jung, “Correlation of photoluminescence of (Y, Ln)VO4:Eu3+ (Ln=Gd and La) phosphors with their crystal structures,” Solid State Commun. 133(10), 651–656 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Leong, C.

J. Morikawa, C. Leong, T. Hashimoto, T. Ogawa, Y. Urata, S. Wada, M. Higuchi, and J. Takahashi, “Thermal conductivity/diffusivity of Nd3+ doped GdVO4, YVO4, LuVO4, and Y3Al5O12 by temperature wave analysis,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 063522 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, D. J.

Li, S. G.

Z. Zhuo, T. Li, S. G. Li, B. Zhao, J. Z. Chen, and S. S. Li, “A new composite YVO4/Nd:Y0.9La0.1VO4 crystal laser end-pumped with a fiber coupled diode array,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(6), 445–449 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, S. S.

Z. Zhuo, T. Li, S. G. Li, B. Zhao, J. Z. Chen, and S. S. Li, “A new composite YVO4/Nd:Y0.9La0.1VO4 crystal laser end-pumped with a fiber coupled diode array,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(6), 445–449 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, T.

Z. Zhuo, T. Li, S. G. Li, B. Zhao, J. Z. Chen, and S. S. Li, “A new composite YVO4/Nd:Y0.9La0.1VO4 crystal laser end-pumped with a fiber coupled diode array,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(6), 445–449 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ling, Z. C.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1−xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(11), 113109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Cheng, H. J. Zhang, Y. G. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, J. H. Liu, V. Petrov, Z. C. Ling, H. R. Xia, and M. H. Jiang, “Thermal properties and continuous-wave laser performance of Yb:LuVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(4), 681–685 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. H.

Y. Cheng, H. J. Zhang, Y. G. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, J. H. Liu, V. Petrov, Z. C. Ling, H. R. Xia, and M. H. Jiang, “Thermal properties and continuous-wave laser performance of Yb:LuVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(4), 681–685 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Liu, X. L. Meng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, B. Ozygus, A. Ding, and H. Weber, “Pulse energy enhancement in passive Q-switching operation with a class of Nd:GdxY1-xVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1289–1291 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Zhang, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. S. Shao, X. L. Meng, X. B. Hu, M. H. Jiang, and Y. T. Chow, “Characterization of the laser crystal NdGdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(1), 18–27 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Liu, S.

Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, and X. Y. Ma, “2-ps passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser using an output-coupling-type semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(10), 101103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X. S.

H. J. Zhang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, X. S. Liu, G. H. Zhang, W. T. Yu, X. L. Meng, and Y. T. Chow, “Growth and characterization of series Nd:GdxLa1−xVO4 (x = 0.80, 0.60, 0.45) crystals,” J. Mater. Res. 17(03), 556–562 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lu, M. K.

H. J. Zhang, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, C. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, and M. K. Lu, “Growth, spectra and influence of annealing effect on laser properties of Nd:YVO4 crystal,” Opt. Mater. 14(1), 25–30 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Luo, H.

Ma, X. Y.

Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, and X. Y. Ma, “2-ps passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser using an output-coupling-type semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(10), 101103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

McDonagh, L.

Meng, X. L.

J. H. Liu, X. L. Meng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, B. Ozygus, A. Ding, and H. Weber, “Pulse energy enhancement in passive Q-switching operation with a class of Nd:GdxY1-xVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1289–1291 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Zhang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, X. S. Liu, G. H. Zhang, W. T. Yu, X. L. Meng, and Y. T. Chow, “Growth and characterization of series Nd:GdxLa1−xVO4 (x = 0.80, 0.60, 0.45) crystals,” J. Mater. Res. 17(03), 556–562 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Zhang, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. S. Shao, X. L. Meng, X. B. Hu, M. H. Jiang, and Y. T. Chow, “Characterization of the laser crystal NdGdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(1), 18–27 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Zhang, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, C. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, and M. K. Lu, “Growth, spectra and influence of annealing effect on laser properties of Nd:YVO4 crystal,” Opt. Mater. 14(1), 25–30 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Meyn, J.-P.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser- pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Morikawa, J.

J. Morikawa, C. Leong, T. Hashimoto, T. Ogawa, Y. Urata, S. Wada, M. Higuchi, and J. Takahashi, “Thermal conductivity/diffusivity of Nd3+ doped GdVO4, YVO4, LuVO4, and Y3Al5O12 by temperature wave analysis,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 063522 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nebel, A.

Ogawa, T.

J. Morikawa, C. Leong, T. Hashimoto, T. Ogawa, Y. Urata, S. Wada, M. Higuchi, and J. Takahashi, “Thermal conductivity/diffusivity of Nd3+ doped GdVO4, YVO4, LuVO4, and Y3Al5O12 by temperature wave analysis,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 063522 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ostroumov, V. G.

V. G. Ostroumov, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic properties and lasing of Nd:Gd0.5La0.5VO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 124(1-2), 63–68 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser- pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ozygus, B.

J. H. Liu, X. L. Meng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, B. Ozygus, A. Ding, and H. Weber, “Pulse energy enhancement in passive Q-switching operation with a class of Nd:GdxY1-xVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1289–1291 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, V.

Y. Cheng, H. J. Zhang, Y. G. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, J. H. Liu, V. Petrov, Z. C. Ling, H. R. Xia, and M. H. Jiang, “Thermal properties and continuous-wave laser performance of Yb:LuVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(4), 681–685 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, M. W.

L. Z. Zhang, M. W. Qiu, M. J. Song, and G. F. Wang, “1064 nm lasing characterisation of Nd3+:LaVO4 pumped with Ti:sapphire laser,” Mater. Res. Innov. 14(2), 119–121 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Schell, A.

Shao, Z.

Shao, Z. S.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1−xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(11), 113109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Liu, X. L. Meng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, B. Ozygus, A. Ding, and H. Weber, “Pulse energy enhancement in passive Q-switching operation with a class of Nd:GdxY1-xVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1289–1291 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Zhang, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. S. Shao, X. L. Meng, X. B. Hu, M. H. Jiang, and Y. T. Chow, “Characterization of the laser crystal NdGdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(1), 18–27 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shcherbakov, I. A.

V. G. Ostroumov, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic properties and lasing of Nd:Gd0.5La0.5VO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 124(1-2), 63–68 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser- pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Shi, P.

Song, M. J.

L. Z. Zhang, M. W. Qiu, M. J. Song, and G. F. Wang, “1064 nm lasing characterisation of Nd3+:LaVO4 pumped with Ti:sapphire laser,” Mater. Res. Innov. 14(2), 119–121 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Studenikin, P. A.

V. G. Ostroumov, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic properties and lasing of Nd:Gd0.5La0.5VO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 124(1-2), 63–68 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, J.

J. Morikawa, C. Leong, T. Hashimoto, T. Ogawa, Y. Urata, S. Wada, M. Higuchi, and J. Takahashi, “Thermal conductivity/diffusivity of Nd3+ doped GdVO4, YVO4, LuVO4, and Y3Al5O12 by temperature wave analysis,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 063522 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tao, X. T.

Y. Cheng, H. J. Zhang, Y. G. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, J. H. Liu, V. Petrov, Z. C. Ling, H. R. Xia, and M. H. Jiang, “Thermal properties and continuous-wave laser performance of Yb:LuVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(4), 681–685 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Urata, Y.

J. Morikawa, C. Leong, T. Hashimoto, T. Ogawa, Y. Urata, S. Wada, M. Higuchi, and J. Takahashi, “Thermal conductivity/diffusivity of Nd3+ doped GdVO4, YVO4, LuVO4, and Y3Al5O12 by temperature wave analysis,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 063522 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wada, S.

J. Morikawa, C. Leong, T. Hashimoto, T. Ogawa, Y. Urata, S. Wada, M. Higuchi, and J. Takahashi, “Thermal conductivity/diffusivity of Nd3+ doped GdVO4, YVO4, LuVO4, and Y3Al5O12 by temperature wave analysis,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 063522 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

Wang, C. Q.

H. J. Zhang, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. S. Shao, X. L. Meng, X. B. Hu, M. H. Jiang, and Y. T. Chow, “Characterization of the laser crystal NdGdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(1), 18–27 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Zhang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, X. S. Liu, G. H. Zhang, W. T. Yu, X. L. Meng, and Y. T. Chow, “Growth and characterization of series Nd:GdxLa1−xVO4 (x = 0.80, 0.60, 0.45) crystals,” J. Mater. Res. 17(03), 556–562 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Zhang, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, C. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, and M. K. Lu, “Growth, spectra and influence of annealing effect on laser properties of Nd:YVO4 crystal,” Opt. Mater. 14(1), 25–30 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wang, G. F.

L. Z. Zhang, M. W. Qiu, M. J. Song, and G. F. Wang, “1064 nm lasing characterisation of Nd3+:LaVO4 pumped with Ti:sapphire laser,” Mater. Res. Innov. 14(2), 119–121 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H. T.

Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, and X. Y. Ma, “2-ps passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser using an output-coupling-type semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(10), 101103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. Y.

Y. Cheng, H. J. Zhang, Y. G. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, J. H. Liu, V. Petrov, Z. C. Ling, H. R. Xia, and M. H. Jiang, “Thermal properties and continuous-wave laser performance of Yb:LuVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(4), 681–685 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1−xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(11), 113109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, H. Luo, and M. H. Jiang, “Enhancement of passive Q-switching performance with mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” Opt. Lett. 32(15), 2152–2154 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Zhang, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. S. Shao, X. L. Meng, X. B. Hu, M. H. Jiang, and Y. T. Chow, “Characterization of the laser crystal NdGdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(1), 18–27 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. G.

Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, and X. Y. Ma, “2-ps passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser using an output-coupling-type semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(10), 101103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z. P.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, H. Luo, and M. H. Jiang, “Enhancement of passive Q-switching performance with mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” Opt. Lett. 32(15), 2152–2154 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1−xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(11), 113109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Weber, H.

J. H. Liu, X. L. Meng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, B. Ozygus, A. Ding, and H. Weber, “Pulse energy enhancement in passive Q-switching operation with a class of Nd:GdxY1-xVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1289–1291 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wu, N. A. L.

Xia, H. R.

Y. Cheng, H. J. Zhang, Y. G. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, J. H. Liu, V. Petrov, Z. C. Ling, H. R. Xia, and M. H. Jiang, “Thermal properties and continuous-wave laser performance of Yb:LuVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(4), 681–685 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1−xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(11), 113109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yu, H. H.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1−xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(11), 113109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, H. Luo, and M. H. Jiang, “Enhancement of passive Q-switching performance with mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” Opt. Lett. 32(15), 2152–2154 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, W. T.

H. J. Zhang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, X. S. Liu, G. H. Zhang, W. T. Yu, X. L. Meng, and Y. T. Chow, “Growth and characterization of series Nd:GdxLa1−xVO4 (x = 0.80, 0.60, 0.45) crystals,” J. Mater. Res. 17(03), 556–562 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Y. G.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1−xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(11), 113109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, H. Luo, and M. H. Jiang, “Enhancement of passive Q-switching performance with mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” Opt. Lett. 32(15), 2152–2154 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Cheng, H. J. Zhang, Y. G. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, J. H. Liu, V. Petrov, Z. C. Ling, H. R. Xia, and M. H. Jiang, “Thermal properties and continuous-wave laser performance of Yb:LuVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(4), 681–685 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zagumennyi, A. I.

V. G. Ostroumov, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic properties and lasing of Nd:Gd0.5La0.5VO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 124(1-2), 63–68 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser- pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zavartsev, Y. D.

V. G. Ostroumov, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic properties and lasing of Nd:Gd0.5La0.5VO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 124(1-2), 63–68 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, G. H.

H. J. Zhang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, X. S. Liu, G. H. Zhang, W. T. Yu, X. L. Meng, and Y. T. Chow, “Growth and characterization of series Nd:GdxLa1−xVO4 (x = 0.80, 0.60, 0.45) crystals,” J. Mater. Res. 17(03), 556–562 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H. J.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1−xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(11), 113109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, Z. Shao, M. Jiang, H. Luo, and M. H. Jiang, “Enhancement of passive Q-switching performance with mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” Opt. Lett. 32(15), 2152–2154 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Cheng, H. J. Zhang, Y. G. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, J. H. Liu, V. Petrov, Z. C. Ling, H. R. Xia, and M. H. Jiang, “Thermal properties and continuous-wave laser performance of Yb:LuVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(4), 681–685 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Zhang, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. S. Shao, X. L. Meng, X. B. Hu, M. H. Jiang, and Y. T. Chow, “Characterization of the laser crystal NdGdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(1), 18–27 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Zhang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, X. S. Liu, G. H. Zhang, W. T. Yu, X. L. Meng, and Y. T. Chow, “Growth and characterization of series Nd:GdxLa1−xVO4 (x = 0.80, 0.60, 0.45) crystals,” J. Mater. Res. 17(03), 556–562 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Zhang, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, C. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, and M. K. Lu, “Growth, spectra and influence of annealing effect on laser properties of Nd:YVO4 crystal,” Opt. Mater. 14(1), 25–30 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L. Z.

L. Z. Zhang, M. W. Qiu, M. J. Song, and G. F. Wang, “1064 nm lasing characterisation of Nd3+:LaVO4 pumped with Ti:sapphire laser,” Mater. Res. Innov. 14(2), 119–121 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, B.

Z. Zhuo, T. Li, S. G. Li, B. Zhao, J. Z. Chen, and S. S. Li, “A new composite YVO4/Nd:Y0.9La0.1VO4 crystal laser end-pumped with a fiber coupled diode array,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(6), 445–449 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, L.

H. J. Zhang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, X. S. Liu, G. H. Zhang, W. T. Yu, X. L. Meng, and Y. T. Chow, “Growth and characterization of series Nd:GdxLa1−xVO4 (x = 0.80, 0.60, 0.45) crystals,” J. Mater. Res. 17(03), 556–562 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Zhang, J. H. Liu, J. Y. Wang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, Z. S. Shao, X. L. Meng, X. B. Hu, M. H. Jiang, and Y. T. Chow, “Characterization of the laser crystal NdGdVO4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(1), 18–27 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Zhang, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, C. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, and M. K. Lu, “Growth, spectra and influence of annealing effect on laser properties of Nd:YVO4 crystal,” Opt. Mater. 14(1), 25–30 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, P.

Zhuo, Z.

Z. Zhuo, T. Li, S. G. Li, B. Zhao, J. Z. Chen, and S. S. Li, “A new composite YVO4/Nd:Y0.9La0.1VO4 crystal laser end-pumped with a fiber coupled diode array,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(6), 445–449 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser- pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Y. Cheng, H. J. Zhang, Y. G. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, J. H. Liu, V. Petrov, Z. C. Ling, H. R. Xia, and M. H. Jiang, “Thermal properties and continuous-wave laser performance of Yb:LuVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(4), 681–685 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

J. H. Liu, X. L. Meng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, B. Ozygus, A. Ding, and H. Weber, “Pulse energy enhancement in passive Q-switching operation with a class of Nd:GdxY1-xVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(7), 1289–1291 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Fields, M. Birnbaum, and C. L. Fincher, “Highly efficient Nd:YVO4 diode-laser end-pumped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51(23), 1885–1886 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Y. X. Fan, J. L. He, Y. G. Wang, S. Liu, H. T. Wang, and X. Y. Ma, “2-ps passively mode-locked Nd:YVO4 laser using an output-coupling-type semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(10), 101103 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1−xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(11), 113109 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Morikawa, C. Leong, T. Hashimoto, T. Ogawa, Y. Urata, S. Wada, M. Higuchi, and J. Takahashi, “Thermal conductivity/diffusivity of Nd3+ doped GdVO4, YVO4, LuVO4, and Y3Al5O12 by temperature wave analysis,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 063522 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Res.

H. J. Zhang, C. Q. Wang, L. Zhu, X. S. Liu, G. H. Zhang, W. T. Yu, X. L. Meng, and Y. T. Chow, “Growth and characterization of series Nd:GdxLa1−xVO4 (x = 0.80, 0.60, 0.45) crystals,” J. Mater. Res. 17(03), 556–562 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Laser Phys. Lett.

Z. Zhuo, T. Li, S. G. Li, B. Zhao, J. Z. Chen, and S. S. Li, “A new composite YVO4/Nd:Y0.9La0.1VO4 crystal laser end-pumped with a fiber coupled diode array,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(6), 445–449 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Res. Innov.

L. Z. Zhang, M. W. Qiu, M. J. Song, and G. F. Wang, “1064 nm lasing characterisation of Nd3+:LaVO4 pumped with Ti:sapphire laser,” Mater. Res. Innov. 14(2), 119–121 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

V. G. Ostroumov, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, Y. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic properties and lasing of Nd:Gd0.5La0.5VO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 124(1-2), 63–68 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Mater.

H. J. Zhang, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, C. Q. Wang, Y. T. Chow, and M. K. Lu, “Growth, spectra and influence of annealing effect on laser properties of Nd:YVO4 crystal,” Opt. Mater. 14(1), 25–30 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev.

C. Kittel, “Interpretation of the Thermal Conductivity of Glasses,” Phys. Rev. 75(6), 972–974 (1949).
[CrossRef]

Solid State Commun.

J. H. Kang, W. B. Im, D. C. Lee, J. Y. Kim, D. Y. Jeon, Y. C. Kang, and K. Y. Jung, “Correlation of photoluminescence of (Y, Ln)VO4:Eu3+ (Ln=Gd and La) phosphors with their crystal structures,” Solid State Commun. 133(10), 651–656 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other

B. H. T. Chai, G. Loutts, J. Lefaucheur, X. X. Zhang, P. Hong, M. Bass, I. A. Shcherbakov, and A. I. Zagumennyi, “Comparison of laser performance of Nd-doped YVO4, GdVO4, Ca5(PO4)3F, Sr5(PO4)3F and Ca5(VO4)3F,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, T. Y. Fan and B. H. T. Chai, eds. 20, 41–52(Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Configuration of the experimental laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) As-grown crystal Nd:LaYVO4 boule; (b) XRPD patterns of the Nd:La0.11Y0.89VO4 and standard YVO4data.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

the density versus temperature.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) thermal diffusion coefficient versus temperature (b) thermal conductivity versus temperature.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Output power of a-cut and c-cut Nd:La0.11Y0.89VO4 versus incident pump power.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Laser spectrum of a-cut Nd:La0.11Y0.89VO4; (b) Laser and fluorescence spectrum of the c-cut Nd:La0.11Y0.89VO4; Inset of Fig. 6(b) The fluorescence line of Nd:La0.11Y0.89VO4 at the temperature of 78 K.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparison of Main thermal Properties of several Nd-Doped vanadates

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

LaV O 4 +YV O 4 +NdV O 4 N d 0.005 (L a 0.15 Y 0.85 ) 0.995 V O 4
ρ exp = m ρ water mm'
ρ= ρ 0 (1+ Δa a ) 2 (1+ Δc c )
k=ρ c p λ

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