Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate polarization-insensitive all optical wavelength conversion of a 10-Gb/s DPSK data signal based on four-wave mixing in a silicon waveguide with an angled-pump scheme. Dispersion engineering is applied to the silicon waveguide to obtain similar four-wave mixing conversion performances for both the TE and TM modes. Bit-error rate measurements are performed and error-free operation is achieved. We also demonstrate polarization-insensitive wavelength conversion with a large separation between the idler and signal using a dual-pump configuration.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, Z. Jia, X. Sang, Z. Zhou, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, “Wavelength conversion based on four-wave mixing in high-nonlinear dispersion shifted fiber using a dual-pump configuration,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(7), 2851–2858 (2006).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. H. C. H. Mulvad, E. Palushani, H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Lillieholm, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, M. Pu, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, P. Jeppesen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “Ultra-high-speed optical serial-to-parallel data conversion by time-domain optical Fourier transformation in a silicon nanowire,” Opt. Express19(26), B825–B835 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. S. Gao, X. Zhang, Z. Li, and S. He, “Polarization-independent wavelength conversion using an angled-polarization pump in a silicon nanowire waveguide,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(1), 250–256 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  18. Q. Lin, O. J. Painter, and G. P. Agrawal, “Nonlinear optical phenomena in silicon waveguides: modeling and applications,” Opt. Express15(25), 16604–16644 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. Q. Liu, S. Gao, L. Cao, and S. He, “Design of low-dispersion-discrepancy silicon waveguide for broadband polarization-independent wavelength conversion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B29(2), 215–219 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  20. M. Pu, L. Liu, H. Ou, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Ultra-low-loss inverted taper coupler for silicon-on-insulator ridge waveguide,” Opt. Commun.283(19), 3678–3682 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2012

2011

2010

S. Gao, X. Zhang, Z. Li, and S. He, “Polarization-independent wavelength conversion using an angled-polarization pump in a silicon nanowire waveguide,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(1), 250–256 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Biberman, B. G. Lee, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, “Wavelength multicasting in silicon photonic nanowires,” Opt. Express18(17), 18047–18055 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Hu, R. Nouroozi, R. Ludwig, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, H. Suche, W. Sohler, and C. Schubert, “Polarization-insensitive all-optical wavelength conversion of 320 Gb/s RZ-DQPSK signals using a Ti:PPLN waveguide,” Appl. Phys. B101(4), 875–882 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Hu, E. Palushani, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, A. Clausen, L. K. Oxenløwe, and P. Jeppesen, “640 Gbit/s and 1.28 Tbit/s polarisation insensitive all optical wavelength conversion,” Opt. Express18(10), 9961–9966 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pu, L. Liu, H. Ou, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Ultra-low-loss inverted taper coupler for silicon-on-insulator ridge waveguide,” Opt. Commun.283(19), 3678–3682 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Signal regeneration using low power four-wave mixing on silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics2(1), 35–38 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

F. Yaman, Q. Lin, and G. P. Agrawal, “A novel design for polarization-independent single-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(22), 2335–2337 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature441(7096), 960–963 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Rong, Y. H. Kuo, A. Liu, M. Paniccia, and O. Cohen, “High efficiency wavelength conversion of 10 Gb/s data in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express14(3), 1182–1188 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ma, J. Yu, C. Yu, Z. Jia, X. Sang, Z. Zhou, T. Wang, and G. K. Chang, “Wavelength conversion based on four-wave mixing in high-nonlinear dispersion shifted fiber using a dual-pump configuration,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(7), 2851–2858 (2006).
[CrossRef]

1999

1994

K. Inoue, “Polarization independent wavelength conversion using fiber four-wave mixing with two orthogonal pump lights of different frequencies,” J. Lightwave Technol.12(11), 1916–1920 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

Q. Lin, O. J. Painter, and G. P. Agrawal, “Nonlinear optical phenomena in silicon waveguides: modeling and applications,” Opt. Express15(25), 16604–16644 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Yaman, Q. Lin, and G. P. Agrawal, “A novel design for polarization-independent single-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(22), 2335–2337 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, P. A.

Bergman, K.

Biberman, A.

Cao, L.

Chang, G. K.

Clausen, A.

Clausen, A. T.

Cohen, O.

Foster, M. A.

A. Biberman, B. G. Lee, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, “Wavelength multicasting in silicon photonic nanowires,” Opt. Express18(17), 18047–18055 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Signal regeneration using low power four-wave mixing on silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics2(1), 35–38 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, R. Salem, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band continuous-wave parametric wavelength conversion in silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express15(20), 12949–12958 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature441(7096), 960–963 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaeta, A. L.

A. Biberman, B. G. Lee, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, “Wavelength multicasting in silicon photonic nanowires,” Opt. Express18(17), 18047–18055 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Signal regeneration using low power four-wave mixing on silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics2(1), 35–38 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, R. Salem, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band continuous-wave parametric wavelength conversion in silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express15(20), 12949–12958 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature441(7096), 960–963 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Galili, M.

H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, C. Peucheret, H. C. H. Mulvad, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, P. Jeppesen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “Ultra-high-speed wavelength conversion in a silicon photonic chip,” Opt. Express19(21), 19886–19894 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. C. H. Mulvad, E. Palushani, H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Lillieholm, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, M. Pu, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, P. Jeppesen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “Ultra-high-speed optical serial-to-parallel data conversion by time-domain optical Fourier transformation in a silicon nanowire,” Opt. Express19(26), B825–B835 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ji, M. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, L. K. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, and P. Jeppsen, “Optical waveform sampling and error-free demultiplexing of 1.28 Tbit/s serial data in a nano-engineered silicon waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol.29(4), 426–431 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Pu, H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, L. K. Oxenløwe, P. Jeppesen, J. M. Hvam, and K. Yvind, “One-to-six WDM multicasting of DPSK signals based on dual-pump four-wave mixing in a silicon waveguide,” Opt. Express19(24), 24448–24453 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, H. Ji, L. K. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, P. Jeppsen, and J. M. Hvam, “15 THz tunable wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses in silicon waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(19), 1409–1411 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Hu, E. Palushani, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, A. Clausen, L. K. Oxenløwe, and P. Jeppesen, “640 Gbit/s and 1.28 Tbit/s polarisation insensitive all optical wavelength conversion,” Opt. Express18(10), 9961–9966 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gao, S.

Q. Liu, S. Gao, L. Cao, and S. He, “Design of low-dispersion-discrepancy silicon waveguide for broadband polarization-independent wavelength conversion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B29(2), 215–219 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Gao, X. Zhang, Z. Li, and S. He, “Polarization-independent wavelength conversion using an angled-polarization pump in a silicon nanowire waveguide,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(1), 250–256 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Geraghty, D. F.

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Signal regeneration using low power four-wave mixing on silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics2(1), 35–38 (2008).
[CrossRef]

He, S.

Q. Liu, S. Gao, L. Cao, and S. He, “Design of low-dispersion-discrepancy silicon waveguide for broadband polarization-independent wavelength conversion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B29(2), 215–219 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Gao, X. Zhang, Z. Li, and S. He, “Polarization-independent wavelength conversion using an angled-polarization pump in a silicon nanowire waveguide,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(1), 250–256 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hedekvist, P. O.

Hu, H.

H. C. H. Mulvad, E. Palushani, H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Lillieholm, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, M. Pu, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, P. Jeppesen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “Ultra-high-speed optical serial-to-parallel data conversion by time-domain optical Fourier transformation in a silicon nanowire,” Opt. Express19(26), B825–B835 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, C. Peucheret, H. C. H. Mulvad, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, P. Jeppesen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “Ultra-high-speed wavelength conversion in a silicon photonic chip,” Opt. Express19(21), 19886–19894 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, H. Ji, L. K. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, P. Jeppsen, and J. M. Hvam, “15 THz tunable wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses in silicon waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(19), 1409–1411 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Ji, M. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, L. K. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, and P. Jeppsen, “Optical waveform sampling and error-free demultiplexing of 1.28 Tbit/s serial data in a nano-engineered silicon waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol.29(4), 426–431 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Pu, H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, L. K. Oxenløwe, P. Jeppesen, J. M. Hvam, and K. Yvind, “One-to-six WDM multicasting of DPSK signals based on dual-pump four-wave mixing in a silicon waveguide,” Opt. Express19(24), 24448–24453 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Hu, R. Nouroozi, R. Ludwig, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, H. Suche, W. Sohler, and C. Schubert, “Polarization-insensitive all-optical wavelength conversion of 320 Gb/s RZ-DQPSK signals using a Ti:PPLN waveguide,” Appl. Phys. B101(4), 875–882 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Hu, E. Palushani, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, A. Clausen, L. K. Oxenløwe, and P. Jeppesen, “640 Gbit/s and 1.28 Tbit/s polarisation insensitive all optical wavelength conversion,” Opt. Express18(10), 9961–9966 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huettl, B.

H. Hu, R. Nouroozi, R. Ludwig, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, H. Suche, W. Sohler, and C. Schubert, “Polarization-insensitive all-optical wavelength conversion of 320 Gb/s RZ-DQPSK signals using a Ti:PPLN waveguide,” Appl. Phys. B101(4), 875–882 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hvam, J. M.

H. Ji, M. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, L. K. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, and P. Jeppsen, “Optical waveform sampling and error-free demultiplexing of 1.28 Tbit/s serial data in a nano-engineered silicon waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol.29(4), 426–431 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Pu, H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, L. K. Oxenløwe, P. Jeppesen, J. M. Hvam, and K. Yvind, “One-to-six WDM multicasting of DPSK signals based on dual-pump four-wave mixing in a silicon waveguide,” Opt. Express19(24), 24448–24453 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, H. Ji, L. K. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, P. Jeppsen, and J. M. Hvam, “15 THz tunable wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses in silicon waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(19), 1409–1411 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, C. Peucheret, H. C. H. Mulvad, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, P. Jeppesen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “Ultra-high-speed wavelength conversion in a silicon photonic chip,” Opt. Express19(21), 19886–19894 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. C. H. Mulvad, E. Palushani, H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Lillieholm, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, M. Pu, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, P. Jeppesen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “Ultra-high-speed optical serial-to-parallel data conversion by time-domain optical Fourier transformation in a silicon nanowire,” Opt. Express19(26), B825–B835 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pu, L. Liu, H. Ou, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Ultra-low-loss inverted taper coupler for silicon-on-insulator ridge waveguide,” Opt. Commun.283(19), 3678–3682 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, K.

K. Inoue, “Polarization independent wavelength conversion using fiber four-wave mixing with two orthogonal pump lights of different frequencies,” J. Lightwave Technol.12(11), 1916–1920 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Jeppesen, P.

Jeppsen, P.

H. Ji, M. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, L. K. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, and P. Jeppsen, “Optical waveform sampling and error-free demultiplexing of 1.28 Tbit/s serial data in a nano-engineered silicon waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol.29(4), 426–431 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, H. Ji, L. K. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, P. Jeppsen, and J. M. Hvam, “15 THz tunable wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses in silicon waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(19), 1409–1411 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ji, H.

Jia, Z.

Kuo, Y. H.

Lee, B. G.

Li, Z.

S. Gao, X. Zhang, Z. Li, and S. He, “Polarization-independent wavelength conversion using an angled-polarization pump in a silicon nanowire waveguide,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(1), 250–256 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lillieholm, M.

Lin, Q.

Q. Lin, O. J. Painter, and G. P. Agrawal, “Nonlinear optical phenomena in silicon waveguides: modeling and applications,” Opt. Express15(25), 16604–16644 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Yaman, Q. Lin, and G. P. Agrawal, “A novel design for polarization-independent single-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(22), 2335–2337 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

A. Biberman, B. G. Lee, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, “Wavelength multicasting in silicon photonic nanowires,” Opt. Express18(17), 18047–18055 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Signal regeneration using low power four-wave mixing on silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics2(1), 35–38 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, R. Salem, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band continuous-wave parametric wavelength conversion in silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express15(20), 12949–12958 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature441(7096), 960–963 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, A.

Liu, L.

M. Pu, L. Liu, H. Ou, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Ultra-low-loss inverted taper coupler for silicon-on-insulator ridge waveguide,” Opt. Commun.283(19), 3678–3682 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Q.

Ludwig, R.

H. Hu, R. Nouroozi, R. Ludwig, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, H. Suche, W. Sohler, and C. Schubert, “Polarization-insensitive all-optical wavelength conversion of 320 Gb/s RZ-DQPSK signals using a Ti:PPLN waveguide,” Appl. Phys. B101(4), 875–882 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ma, J.

Mulvad, H. C. H.

Nouroozi, R.

H. Hu, R. Nouroozi, R. Ludwig, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, H. Suche, W. Sohler, and C. Schubert, “Polarization-insensitive all-optical wavelength conversion of 320 Gb/s RZ-DQPSK signals using a Ti:PPLN waveguide,” Appl. Phys. B101(4), 875–882 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ou, H.

M. Pu, L. Liu, H. Ou, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Ultra-low-loss inverted taper coupler for silicon-on-insulator ridge waveguide,” Opt. Commun.283(19), 3678–3682 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Oxenløwe, L. K.

H. C. H. Mulvad, E. Palushani, H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Lillieholm, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, M. Pu, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, P. Jeppesen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “Ultra-high-speed optical serial-to-parallel data conversion by time-domain optical Fourier transformation in a silicon nanowire,” Opt. Express19(26), B825–B835 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, C. Peucheret, H. C. H. Mulvad, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, P. Jeppesen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “Ultra-high-speed wavelength conversion in a silicon photonic chip,” Opt. Express19(21), 19886–19894 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ji, M. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, L. K. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, and P. Jeppsen, “Optical waveform sampling and error-free demultiplexing of 1.28 Tbit/s serial data in a nano-engineered silicon waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol.29(4), 426–431 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Pu, H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, L. K. Oxenløwe, P. Jeppesen, J. M. Hvam, and K. Yvind, “One-to-six WDM multicasting of DPSK signals based on dual-pump four-wave mixing in a silicon waveguide,” Opt. Express19(24), 24448–24453 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, H. Ji, L. K. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, P. Jeppsen, and J. M. Hvam, “15 THz tunable wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses in silicon waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(19), 1409–1411 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Hu, E. Palushani, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, A. Clausen, L. K. Oxenløwe, and P. Jeppesen, “640 Gbit/s and 1.28 Tbit/s polarisation insensitive all optical wavelength conversion,” Opt. Express18(10), 9961–9966 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Painter, O. J.

Palushani, E.

Paniccia, M.

Peucheret, C.

Pu, M.

H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, C. Peucheret, H. C. H. Mulvad, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, P. Jeppesen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “Ultra-high-speed wavelength conversion in a silicon photonic chip,” Opt. Express19(21), 19886–19894 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. C. H. Mulvad, E. Palushani, H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Lillieholm, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, M. Pu, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, P. Jeppesen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “Ultra-high-speed optical serial-to-parallel data conversion by time-domain optical Fourier transformation in a silicon nanowire,” Opt. Express19(26), B825–B835 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ji, M. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, L. K. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, and P. Jeppsen, “Optical waveform sampling and error-free demultiplexing of 1.28 Tbit/s serial data in a nano-engineered silicon waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol.29(4), 426–431 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Pu, H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, L. K. Oxenløwe, P. Jeppesen, J. M. Hvam, and K. Yvind, “One-to-six WDM multicasting of DPSK signals based on dual-pump four-wave mixing in a silicon waveguide,” Opt. Express19(24), 24448–24453 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, H. Ji, L. K. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, P. Jeppsen, and J. M. Hvam, “15 THz tunable wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses in silicon waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(19), 1409–1411 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Pu, L. Liu, H. Ou, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Ultra-low-loss inverted taper coupler for silicon-on-insulator ridge waveguide,” Opt. Commun.283(19), 3678–3682 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rong, H.

Salem, R.

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Signal regeneration using low power four-wave mixing on silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics2(1), 35–38 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, R. Salem, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band continuous-wave parametric wavelength conversion in silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express15(20), 12949–12958 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sang, X.

Schmidt, B. S.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature441(7096), 960–963 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmidt-Langhorst, C.

H. Hu, R. Nouroozi, R. Ludwig, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, H. Suche, W. Sohler, and C. Schubert, “Polarization-insensitive all-optical wavelength conversion of 320 Gb/s RZ-DQPSK signals using a Ti:PPLN waveguide,” Appl. Phys. B101(4), 875–882 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Schubert, C.

H. Hu, R. Nouroozi, R. Ludwig, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, H. Suche, W. Sohler, and C. Schubert, “Polarization-insensitive all-optical wavelength conversion of 320 Gb/s RZ-DQPSK signals using a Ti:PPLN waveguide,” Appl. Phys. B101(4), 875–882 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sharping, J. E.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature441(7096), 960–963 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sohler, W.

H. Hu, R. Nouroozi, R. Ludwig, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, H. Suche, W. Sohler, and C. Schubert, “Polarization-insensitive all-optical wavelength conversion of 320 Gb/s RZ-DQPSK signals using a Ti:PPLN waveguide,” Appl. Phys. B101(4), 875–882 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Suche, H.

H. Hu, R. Nouroozi, R. Ludwig, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, H. Suche, W. Sohler, and C. Schubert, “Polarization-insensitive all-optical wavelength conversion of 320 Gb/s RZ-DQPSK signals using a Ti:PPLN waveguide,” Appl. Phys. B101(4), 875–882 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Turner, A. C.

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Signal regeneration using low power four-wave mixing on silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics2(1), 35–38 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, R. Salem, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band continuous-wave parametric wavelength conversion in silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express15(20), 12949–12958 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature441(7096), 960–963 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Turner-Foster, A. C.

Wang, T.

Yaman, F.

F. Yaman, Q. Lin, and G. P. Agrawal, “A novel design for polarization-independent single-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(22), 2335–2337 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yu, C.

Yu, J.

Yvind, K.

M. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, H. Ji, L. K. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, P. Jeppsen, and J. M. Hvam, “15 THz tunable wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses in silicon waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(19), 1409–1411 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Ji, M. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, L. K. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, and P. Jeppsen, “Optical waveform sampling and error-free demultiplexing of 1.28 Tbit/s serial data in a nano-engineered silicon waveguide,” J. Lightwave Technol.29(4), 426–431 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Pu, H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, L. K. Oxenløwe, P. Jeppesen, J. M. Hvam, and K. Yvind, “One-to-six WDM multicasting of DPSK signals based on dual-pump four-wave mixing in a silicon waveguide,” Opt. Express19(24), 24448–24453 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, C. Peucheret, H. C. H. Mulvad, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, P. Jeppesen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “Ultra-high-speed wavelength conversion in a silicon photonic chip,” Opt. Express19(21), 19886–19894 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. C. H. Mulvad, E. Palushani, H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Lillieholm, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, M. Pu, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, P. Jeppesen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “Ultra-high-speed optical serial-to-parallel data conversion by time-domain optical Fourier transformation in a silicon nanowire,” Opt. Express19(26), B825–B835 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pu, L. Liu, H. Ou, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Ultra-low-loss inverted taper coupler for silicon-on-insulator ridge waveguide,” Opt. Commun.283(19), 3678–3682 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

S. Gao, X. Zhang, Z. Li, and S. He, “Polarization-independent wavelength conversion using an angled-polarization pump in a silicon nanowire waveguide,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(1), 250–256 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Z.

Appl. Phys. B

H. Hu, R. Nouroozi, R. Ludwig, B. Huettl, C. Schmidt-Langhorst, H. Suche, W. Sohler, and C. Schubert, “Polarization-insensitive all-optical wavelength conversion of 320 Gb/s RZ-DQPSK signals using a Ti:PPLN waveguide,” Appl. Phys. B101(4), 875–882 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

S. Gao, X. Zhang, Z. Li, and S. He, “Polarization-independent wavelength conversion using an angled-polarization pump in a silicon nanowire waveguide,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(1), 250–256 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

F. Yaman, Q. Lin, and G. P. Agrawal, “A novel design for polarization-independent single-pump fiber-optic parametric amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(22), 2335–2337 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, H. Ji, L. K. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, P. Jeppsen, and J. M. Hvam, “15 THz tunable wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses in silicon waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(19), 1409–1411 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Nat. Photonics

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Signal regeneration using low power four-wave mixing on silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics2(1), 35–38 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature441(7096), 960–963 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun.

M. Pu, L. Liu, H. Ou, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Ultra-low-loss inverted taper coupler for silicon-on-insulator ridge waveguide,” Opt. Commun.283(19), 3678–3682 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, C. Peucheret, H. C. H. Mulvad, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, P. Jeppesen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “Ultra-high-speed wavelength conversion in a silicon photonic chip,” Opt. Express19(21), 19886–19894 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pu, H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, L. K. Oxenløwe, P. Jeppesen, J. M. Hvam, and K. Yvind, “One-to-six WDM multicasting of DPSK signals based on dual-pump four-wave mixing in a silicon waveguide,” Opt. Express19(24), 24448–24453 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. C. H. Mulvad, E. Palushani, H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Lillieholm, M. Galili, A. T. Clausen, M. Pu, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, P. Jeppesen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “Ultra-high-speed optical serial-to-parallel data conversion by time-domain optical Fourier transformation in a silicon nanowire,” Opt. Express19(26), B825–B835 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Rong, Y. H. Kuo, A. Liu, M. Paniccia, and O. Cohen, “High efficiency wavelength conversion of 10 Gb/s data in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express14(3), 1182–1188 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, R. Salem, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band continuous-wave parametric wavelength conversion in silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express15(20), 12949–12958 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Lin, O. J. Painter, and G. P. Agrawal, “Nonlinear optical phenomena in silicon waveguides: modeling and applications,” Opt. Express15(25), 16604–16644 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Hu, E. Palushani, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, A. Clausen, L. K. Oxenløwe, and P. Jeppesen, “640 Gbit/s and 1.28 Tbit/s polarisation insensitive all optical wavelength conversion,” Opt. Express18(10), 9961–9966 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Biberman, B. G. Lee, A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and K. Bergman, “Wavelength multicasting in silicon photonic nanowires,” Opt. Express18(17), 18047–18055 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

C. M. Gallep, O. Raz, and H. J. S. Dorren, “Polarization independent dual wavelength converter based on FWM in a single semiconductor optical amplifier,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Disgest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWP2.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic diagram of a silicon-on-insulator ridge waveguide. (b) Illustration of the FWM process with the signal and pump co-polarized and aligned to the TE polarization, and (c) with an angled-pump.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Simulated GVD for the TE and TM modes for silicon waveguides whose structure is represented as an inset with height 300 nm and different widths. (b) Simulated FWM conversion efficiency versus signal wavelength detuning from 1542 nm (signal pump at 1542 nm)(upper) and from 1561 nm (two pumps at 1542 nm and 1580 nm)(lower) for the TE and TM modes of the silicon waveguide of dimensions (300 × 450 nm2).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Measured conversion efficiency versus input signal wavelength with a fixed pump at wavelength 1542 nm for the 300 × 450 nm2 silicon waveguide. (b) Measured transmission as a function of waveguide length for both TE and TM modes at wavelength 1550 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental setup for polarization insensitive wavelength conversion of a 10-Gb/s DPSK data signal in a silicon waveguide. The components represented in red are used optionally for the dual-pump conversion experiment.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Measured optical spectrum at the output of the silicon waveguide for single angled-pump conversion. The inset shows the measured polarization-independent conversion bandwidth. (b) BER measurement for the 10 Gb/s DPSK back-to-back signal and the converted signal without and with the input signal being polarization-scrambled. Measured eye diagrams for the converted signal without (c) and with (d) the input signal being polarization-scrambled.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Measured optical spectrum at the output of the silicon waveguide for dual-pump wavelength conversion. (b) BER measurement for the 10-Gb/s DPSK back-to-back signal and the converted signal without and with the input signal being polarization-scrambled. Measured eye diagrams for the converted signal without (c, e) and with (d, f) the input signal being polarization-scrambled.

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