Abstract

The carrier-envelope-offset frequencies of the pump, signal, idler and related second-harmonic and sum-frequency mixing pulses have been locked to 0 Hz in a 20-fs-Ti:sapphire-pumped optical parametric oscillator, satisfying a critical prerequisite for broadband optical pulse synthesis. With outputs spanning 400 - 3200 nm, this result represents the broadest zero-offset comb demonstrated to date.

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  1. M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, and K. J. Weingarten, “Subpicosecond laser timing stabilization,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.25(4), 817–827 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B69(4), 327–332 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Measuring the frequency of light with mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Commun.172(1-6), 59–68 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. M. Fortier, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, and R. S. Windeler, “Long-term carrier-envelope phase coherence,” Opt. Lett.27(16), 1436–1438 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. K. Kim, B. R. Washburn, G. Wilpers, C. W. Oates, L. Hollberg, N. R. Newbury, S. A. Diddams, J. W. Nicholson, and M. F. Yan, “Stabilized frequency comb with a self-referenced femtosecond Cr:forsterite laser,” Opt. Lett.30(8), 932–934 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. W. C. Swann, J. J. McFerran, I. Coddington, N. R. Newbury, I. Hartl, M. E. Fermann, P. S. Westbrook, J. W. Nicholson, K. S. Feder, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, “Fiber-laser frequency combs with subhertz relative linewidths,” Opt. Lett.31(20), 3046–3048 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. Y. Kobayashi and K. Torizuka, “Carrier-phase control among subharmonic pulses in a femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett.26(16), 1295–1297 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. B. J. S. Gale, J. H. Sun, and D. T. Reid, “Towards versatile coherent pulse synthesis using femtosecond laser and optical parametric oscillators,” Opt. Express16(3), 1616–1622 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. T. I. Ferreiro, J. Sun, and D. T. Reid, “Locking the carrier-envelope-offset frequency of an optical parametric oscillator without f-2f self-referencing,” Opt. Lett.35(10), 1668–1670 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, “Controlling the carrier-envelope phase of ultrashort light pulses with optical parametric amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.88(13), 133901 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. T. W. Hänsch, “A proposed sub-femtosecond pulse synthesizer using spate phase-locked laser oscillators,” Opt. Commun.80(1), 71–75 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. K. Shelton, L.-S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, “Phase-coherent optical pulse synthesis from separate femtosecond lasers,” Science293(5533), 1286–1289 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Y. Kobayashi, D. Yoshitomi, M. Kakehata, H. Takada, and K. Torizuka, “Long-term optical phase locking between femtosecond Ti:sapphire and Cr:forsterite lasers,” Opt. Lett.30(18), 2496–2498 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. A. Bartels, C. W. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, “Stabilization of femtosecond laser frequency combs with subhertz residual linewidths,” Opt. Lett.29(10), 1081–1083 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. J. Sun and D. T. Reid, “Coherent ultrafast pulse synthesis between an optical parametric oscillator and a laser,” Opt. Lett.34(6), 854–856 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. C. Manzoni, S. W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, F. X. Kärtner, and G. Cerullo, “Coherent synthesis of ultra-broadband optical parametric amplifiers,” in Advanced Solid State Photonics(ASSP), Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper AT2A.5.
  17. M. Prevedelli, T. Freegarde, and T. W. Hänsch, “Phase locking of grating-tuned diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. B60, S241–S248 (1995).

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

2004 (1)

2002 (2)

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, “Controlling the carrier-envelope phase of ultrashort light pulses with optical parametric amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.88(13), 133901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. M. Fortier, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, and R. S. Windeler, “Long-term carrier-envelope phase coherence,” Opt. Lett.27(16), 1436–1438 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (2)

Y. Kobayashi and K. Torizuka, “Carrier-phase control among subharmonic pulses in a femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett.26(16), 1295–1297 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. K. Shelton, L.-S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, “Phase-coherent optical pulse synthesis from separate femtosecond lasers,” Science293(5533), 1286–1289 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (2)

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B69(4), 327–332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Measuring the frequency of light with mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Commun.172(1-6), 59–68 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

M. Prevedelli, T. Freegarde, and T. W. Hänsch, “Phase locking of grating-tuned diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. B60, S241–S248 (1995).

1990 (1)

T. W. Hänsch, “A proposed sub-femtosecond pulse synthesizer using spate phase-locked laser oscillators,” Opt. Commun.80(1), 71–75 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, and K. J. Weingarten, “Subpicosecond laser timing stabilization,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.25(4), 817–827 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Baltuška, A.

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, “Controlling the carrier-envelope phase of ultrashort light pulses with optical parametric amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.88(13), 133901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartels, A.

Bloom, D. M.

M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, and K. J. Weingarten, “Subpicosecond laser timing stabilization,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.25(4), 817–827 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Coddington, I.

Cundiff, S. T.

Diddams, S. A.

Dunlop, A. E.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B69(4), 327–332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Feder, K. S.

Fejer, M. M.

Fermann, M. E.

Ferreiro, T. I.

Fortier, T. M.

Freegarde, T.

M. Prevedelli, T. Freegarde, and T. W. Hänsch, “Phase locking of grating-tuned diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. B60, S241–S248 (1995).

Fuji, T.

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, “Controlling the carrier-envelope phase of ultrashort light pulses with optical parametric amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.88(13), 133901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gale, B. J. S.

Hall, J. L.

R. K. Shelton, L.-S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, “Phase-coherent optical pulse synthesis from separate femtosecond lasers,” Science293(5533), 1286–1289 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hänsch, T. W.

J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Measuring the frequency of light with mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Commun.172(1-6), 59–68 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Prevedelli, T. Freegarde, and T. W. Hänsch, “Phase locking of grating-tuned diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. B60, S241–S248 (1995).

T. W. Hänsch, “A proposed sub-femtosecond pulse synthesizer using spate phase-locked laser oscillators,” Opt. Commun.80(1), 71–75 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Hartl, I.

Hollberg, L.

Holzwarth, R.

J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Measuring the frequency of light with mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Commun.172(1-6), 59–68 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jones, D. J.

Kakehata, M.

Kapteyn, H. C.

R. K. Shelton, L.-S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, “Phase-coherent optical pulse synthesis from separate femtosecond lasers,” Science293(5533), 1286–1289 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keller, U.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B69(4), 327–332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K.

Kobayashi, T.

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, “Controlling the carrier-envelope phase of ultrashort light pulses with optical parametric amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.88(13), 133901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kobayashi, Y.

Langrock, C.

Ma, L.-S.

R. K. Shelton, L.-S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, “Phase-coherent optical pulse synthesis from separate femtosecond lasers,” Science293(5533), 1286–1289 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McFerran, J. J.

Murnane, M. M.

R. K. Shelton, L.-S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, “Phase-coherent optical pulse synthesis from separate femtosecond lasers,” Science293(5533), 1286–1289 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Newbury, N. R.

Nicholson, J. W.

Oates, C. W.

Prevedelli, M.

M. Prevedelli, T. Freegarde, and T. W. Hänsch, “Phase locking of grating-tuned diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. B60, S241–S248 (1995).

Reichert, J.

J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Measuring the frequency of light with mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Commun.172(1-6), 59–68 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Reid, D. T.

Rodwell, M. J. W.

M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, and K. J. Weingarten, “Subpicosecond laser timing stabilization,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.25(4), 817–827 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Shelton, R. K.

R. K. Shelton, L.-S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, “Phase-coherent optical pulse synthesis from separate femtosecond lasers,” Science293(5533), 1286–1289 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steinmeyer, G.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B69(4), 327–332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stenger, J.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B69(4), 327–332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sun, J.

Sun, J. H.

Sutter, D. H.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B69(4), 327–332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Swann, W. C.

Takada, H.

Telle, H. R.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B69(4), 327–332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Torizuka, K.

Udem, Th.

J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Measuring the frequency of light with mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Commun.172(1-6), 59–68 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Washburn, B. R.

Weingarten, K. J.

M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, and K. J. Weingarten, “Subpicosecond laser timing stabilization,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.25(4), 817–827 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Westbrook, P. S.

Wilpers, G.

Windeler, R. S.

Yan, M. F.

Ye, J.

T. M. Fortier, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, and R. S. Windeler, “Long-term carrier-envelope phase coherence,” Opt. Lett.27(16), 1436–1438 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. K. Shelton, L.-S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, “Phase-coherent optical pulse synthesis from separate femtosecond lasers,” Science293(5533), 1286–1289 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoshitomi, D.

Appl. Phys. B (2)

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Sutter, and U. Keller, “Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. B69(4), 327–332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Prevedelli, T. Freegarde, and T. W. Hänsch, “Phase locking of grating-tuned diode lasers,” Appl. Phys. B60, S241–S248 (1995).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. J. W. Rodwell, D. M. Bloom, and K. J. Weingarten, “Subpicosecond laser timing stabilization,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.25(4), 817–827 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Measuring the frequency of light with mode-locked lasers,” Opt. Commun.172(1-6), 59–68 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Hänsch, “A proposed sub-femtosecond pulse synthesizer using spate phase-locked laser oscillators,” Opt. Commun.80(1), 71–75 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (8)

T. I. Ferreiro, J. Sun, and D. T. Reid, “Locking the carrier-envelope-offset frequency of an optical parametric oscillator without f-2f self-referencing,” Opt. Lett.35(10), 1668–1670 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. M. Fortier, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, S. T. Cundiff, and R. S. Windeler, “Long-term carrier-envelope phase coherence,” Opt. Lett.27(16), 1436–1438 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kim, B. R. Washburn, G. Wilpers, C. W. Oates, L. Hollberg, N. R. Newbury, S. A. Diddams, J. W. Nicholson, and M. F. Yan, “Stabilized frequency comb with a self-referenced femtosecond Cr:forsterite laser,” Opt. Lett.30(8), 932–934 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. C. Swann, J. J. McFerran, I. Coddington, N. R. Newbury, I. Hartl, M. E. Fermann, P. S. Westbrook, J. W. Nicholson, K. S. Feder, C. Langrock, and M. M. Fejer, “Fiber-laser frequency combs with subhertz relative linewidths,” Opt. Lett.31(20), 3046–3048 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Kobayashi and K. Torizuka, “Carrier-phase control among subharmonic pulses in a femtosecond optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett.26(16), 1295–1297 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Kobayashi, D. Yoshitomi, M. Kakehata, H. Takada, and K. Torizuka, “Long-term optical phase locking between femtosecond Ti:sapphire and Cr:forsterite lasers,” Opt. Lett.30(18), 2496–2498 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bartels, C. W. Oates, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, “Stabilization of femtosecond laser frequency combs with subhertz residual linewidths,” Opt. Lett.29(10), 1081–1083 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Sun and D. T. Reid, “Coherent ultrafast pulse synthesis between an optical parametric oscillator and a laser,” Opt. Lett.34(6), 854–856 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

A. Baltuška, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, “Controlling the carrier-envelope phase of ultrashort light pulses with optical parametric amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.88(13), 133901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

R. K. Shelton, L.-S. Ma, H. C. Kapteyn, M. M. Murnane, J. L. Hall, and J. Ye, “Phase-coherent optical pulse synthesis from separate femtosecond lasers,” Science293(5533), 1286–1289 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

C. Manzoni, S. W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, F. X. Kärtner, and G. Cerullo, “Coherent synthesis of ultra-broadband optical parametric amplifiers,” in Advanced Solid State Photonics(ASSP), Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper AT2A.5.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optical (solid lines) and electronic (dashed lines) layout. APD, avalanche photodiode; BS, beam splitter; CM, chirped mirror; IF, interference filter; PBS, polarizing beam splitter; PCF, photonic crystal fiber; PD, silicon photodiode; PI, proportional integral amplifier; PL, polarizer. See text for other label definitions.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Visible spectra from the OPO (filled region), p + i locking PCF (red) and 2s locking PCF (green). The dashed lines indicate the bandpass filter regions used to detect a heterodyne beat.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Amplified RF spectrum as detected by the APD used for pump CEO locking. The CEO has been locked to fREP/4, so sidebands are detected at both fREP/4 and 3fREP/4.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Interferograms showing simultaneous phase coherence between 530 nm and 642 nm OPO outputs and a pump super-continuum. (a) Photodiode signal at 530 nm (2s) with locking on (blue) and off (green); (b) photodiode signal at 642 nm (p + i) with locking on (blue) and off (red).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Output wavelengths from the pump and OPO.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

f p =k f REP + f CEO p
f s =l f REP + f CEO s
f i =m f REP + f CEO i
f NL =n f REP +p f CEO p +q f CEO s
p f CEO p +q f CEO s = p f CEO p + q f CEO s = p f CEO p + q f CEO s etc,

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