Abstract

We demonstrate a long-reach wavelength-division-multiplexed passive optical network (WDM PON) operating at the symmetric rate of 10.3 Gb/s. For the cost-effectiveness, we realize the upstream transmission by utilizing directly-modulated TO-can packaged reflective semiconductor optical amplifiers (RSOAs) and digital coherent receivers. In addition, to overcome the limited modulation bandwidth of this TO-can packaged RSOA (~2.2 GHz) and operate it at 10.3 Gb/s, we utilize the quadrature phase shift keying (QPSK) format and the electronic phase equalization technique. The result shows that we can extend the maximum reach of the 10.3-Gb/s RSOA-based WDM PON to ~80 km without using any remote amplifiers.

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  1. Y. C. Chung, “Recent advancement in WDM PON technology,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications 2011, Paper Th.11.C.4.
  2. P. Chanclou, F. Payoux, T. Soret, N. Genay, R. Brenot, F. Blache, M. Goix, J. Landreau, O. Legouezigou, and F. Mallecot, “Demonstration of RSOA-based remote modulation at 2.5 and 5 Gbit/s for WDM PON,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communications Conference 2007, Paper OWD1.
  3. K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “10-Gb/s operation of RSOA for WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.  20(18), 1533–1535 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Enhanced chromatic dispersion tolerance of 11-Gb/s RSOA-based WDM PON using 4-ary PAM signal,” Electron. Lett. 46(22), 1510–1512 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. Y. Cho, K. Tanaka, T. Sano, S. P. Jung, J. H. Chang, Y. Takushima, A. Agata, Y. Horiuchi, M. Suzuki, and Y. C. Chung, “Long-reach coherent WDM PON employing self-polarization-stabilization technique,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(4), 456–462 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. M. Oh, S. G. Koo, D. Lee, and S. J. Park, “Enhanced system performance of an RSOA based hybrid WDM/TDM-PON system using remotely pumped Erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communications Conference 2007, Paper PDP9.
  7. P. Ossieur, C. Antony, A. M. Clarke, A. Naughton, H. G. Krimmel, Y. Chang, C. Ford, A. Borghesani, D. G. Moodie, A. Poustie, R. Wyatt, B. Harmon, I. Lealman, G. Maxwell, D. Rogers, D. W. Smith, D. Nesset, R. P. Davey, and P. D. Townsend, “A 135-km 8192-split carrier distributed DWDM-TDMA PON with 2x32x10 Gb/s capacity,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(4), 463–474 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  8. U. H. Hong, K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Maximum reach of long-reach RSOA-based WDM PON employing remote EDFA,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communications Conference 2011, Paper OMP1.
  9. S. P. Jung, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Transmission of 1.25-Gb/s PSK signal generated by using RSOA in 110-km coherent WDM PON,” Opt. Express 18(14), 14871–14877 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. K. Y. Cho, U. H. Hong, A. Agata, T. Sano, Y. Horiuchi, H. Tanaka, M. Suzuki, and Y. C. Chung, “10-Gb/s, 80-km reach RSOA-based WDM PON employing QPSK signal and self-homodyne receiver,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communications Conference 2012, Paper OW1B.1.
  11. G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, “Self-phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.  25(11), 2297–2306 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. P. Jung, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Generation of 5-Gbps QPSK signal using directly modulated RSOA for 100-km coherent WDM PON,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communications Conference 2011, Paper OTuB3.
  13. C. H. Kim, Y. B. Lee, S. K. Ji, S. D. Choi, S. P. Hamn, M. S. Kim, M. W. Park, S. K. Shin, I. B. Kim, J. H. Lee, H. C. Ji, Y. C. Chung, and D. H. Hyun, “Performance of an OSNR monitor based on the polarization-nulling technique,” J. Opt. Netw.  3(6), 388–395 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. Tsukamoto, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, “Unrepeated transmission of 20-Gb/s optical quadrature phase-shift-keying signal over 200-km standard single-mode fiber based on digital processing of homodyne-detected signal for group-velocity dispersion compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.  18(9), 1016–1018 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  15. K. Kikuchi, “Phase-diversity homodyne detection of multilevel optical modulation with digital carrier phase estimation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.  12(4), 563–570 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  16. K. Tanaka, A. Agata, and Y. Horiuchi, “IEEE 802.3av 10G-EPON standardization and its research and development status,” J. Lightwave Technol. 28(4), 651–661 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (2)

2010 (3)

2008 (1)

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “10-Gb/s operation of RSOA for WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.  20(18), 1533–1535 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

S. Tsukamoto, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, “Unrepeated transmission of 20-Gb/s optical quadrature phase-shift-keying signal over 200-km standard single-mode fiber based on digital processing of homodyne-detected signal for group-velocity dispersion compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.  18(9), 1016–1018 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Kikuchi, “Phase-diversity homodyne detection of multilevel optical modulation with digital carrier phase estimation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.  12(4), 563–570 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

C. H. Kim, Y. B. Lee, S. K. Ji, S. D. Choi, S. P. Hamn, M. S. Kim, M. W. Park, S. K. Shin, I. B. Kim, J. H. Lee, H. C. Ji, Y. C. Chung, and D. H. Hyun, “Performance of an OSNR monitor based on the polarization-nulling technique,” J. Opt. Netw.  3(6), 388–395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, “Self-phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.  25(11), 2297–2306 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Agata, A.

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, “Self-phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.  25(11), 2297–2306 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Antony, C.

Borghesani, A.

Chang, J. H.

Chang, Y.

Cho, K. Y.

K. Y. Cho, K. Tanaka, T. Sano, S. P. Jung, J. H. Chang, Y. Takushima, A. Agata, Y. Horiuchi, M. Suzuki, and Y. C. Chung, “Long-reach coherent WDM PON employing self-polarization-stabilization technique,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(4), 456–462 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Enhanced chromatic dispersion tolerance of 11-Gb/s RSOA-based WDM PON using 4-ary PAM signal,” Electron. Lett. 46(22), 1510–1512 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “10-Gb/s operation of RSOA for WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.  20(18), 1533–1535 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Choi, S. D.

C. H. Kim, Y. B. Lee, S. K. Ji, S. D. Choi, S. P. Hamn, M. S. Kim, M. W. Park, S. K. Shin, I. B. Kim, J. H. Lee, H. C. Ji, Y. C. Chung, and D. H. Hyun, “Performance of an OSNR monitor based on the polarization-nulling technique,” J. Opt. Netw.  3(6), 388–395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chung, Y. C.

K. Y. Cho, K. Tanaka, T. Sano, S. P. Jung, J. H. Chang, Y. Takushima, A. Agata, Y. Horiuchi, M. Suzuki, and Y. C. Chung, “Long-reach coherent WDM PON employing self-polarization-stabilization technique,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(4), 456–462 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Enhanced chromatic dispersion tolerance of 11-Gb/s RSOA-based WDM PON using 4-ary PAM signal,” Electron. Lett. 46(22), 1510–1512 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Jung, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Transmission of 1.25-Gb/s PSK signal generated by using RSOA in 110-km coherent WDM PON,” Opt. Express 18(14), 14871–14877 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “10-Gb/s operation of RSOA for WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.  20(18), 1533–1535 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Kim, Y. B. Lee, S. K. Ji, S. D. Choi, S. P. Hamn, M. S. Kim, M. W. Park, S. K. Shin, I. B. Kim, J. H. Lee, H. C. Ji, Y. C. Chung, and D. H. Hyun, “Performance of an OSNR monitor based on the polarization-nulling technique,” J. Opt. Netw.  3(6), 388–395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Clarke, A. M.

Davey, R. P.

Ford, C.

Hamn, S. P.

C. H. Kim, Y. B. Lee, S. K. Ji, S. D. Choi, S. P. Hamn, M. S. Kim, M. W. Park, S. K. Shin, I. B. Kim, J. H. Lee, H. C. Ji, Y. C. Chung, and D. H. Hyun, “Performance of an OSNR monitor based on the polarization-nulling technique,” J. Opt. Netw.  3(6), 388–395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Harmon, B.

Horiuchi, Y.

Hyun, D. H.

C. H. Kim, Y. B. Lee, S. K. Ji, S. D. Choi, S. P. Hamn, M. S. Kim, M. W. Park, S. K. Shin, I. B. Kim, J. H. Lee, H. C. Ji, Y. C. Chung, and D. H. Hyun, “Performance of an OSNR monitor based on the polarization-nulling technique,” J. Opt. Netw.  3(6), 388–395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ji, H. C.

C. H. Kim, Y. B. Lee, S. K. Ji, S. D. Choi, S. P. Hamn, M. S. Kim, M. W. Park, S. K. Shin, I. B. Kim, J. H. Lee, H. C. Ji, Y. C. Chung, and D. H. Hyun, “Performance of an OSNR monitor based on the polarization-nulling technique,” J. Opt. Netw.  3(6), 388–395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ji, S. K.

C. H. Kim, Y. B. Lee, S. K. Ji, S. D. Choi, S. P. Hamn, M. S. Kim, M. W. Park, S. K. Shin, I. B. Kim, J. H. Lee, H. C. Ji, Y. C. Chung, and D. H. Hyun, “Performance of an OSNR monitor based on the polarization-nulling technique,” J. Opt. Netw.  3(6), 388–395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jung, S. P.

Katoh, K.

S. Tsukamoto, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, “Unrepeated transmission of 20-Gb/s optical quadrature phase-shift-keying signal over 200-km standard single-mode fiber based on digital processing of homodyne-detected signal for group-velocity dispersion compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.  18(9), 1016–1018 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kikuchi, K.

S. Tsukamoto, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, “Unrepeated transmission of 20-Gb/s optical quadrature phase-shift-keying signal over 200-km standard single-mode fiber based on digital processing of homodyne-detected signal for group-velocity dispersion compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.  18(9), 1016–1018 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Kikuchi, “Phase-diversity homodyne detection of multilevel optical modulation with digital carrier phase estimation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.  12(4), 563–570 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, C. H.

C. H. Kim, Y. B. Lee, S. K. Ji, S. D. Choi, S. P. Hamn, M. S. Kim, M. W. Park, S. K. Shin, I. B. Kim, J. H. Lee, H. C. Ji, Y. C. Chung, and D. H. Hyun, “Performance of an OSNR monitor based on the polarization-nulling technique,” J. Opt. Netw.  3(6), 388–395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kim, I. B.

C. H. Kim, Y. B. Lee, S. K. Ji, S. D. Choi, S. P. Hamn, M. S. Kim, M. W. Park, S. K. Shin, I. B. Kim, J. H. Lee, H. C. Ji, Y. C. Chung, and D. H. Hyun, “Performance of an OSNR monitor based on the polarization-nulling technique,” J. Opt. Netw.  3(6), 388–395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kim, M. S.

C. H. Kim, Y. B. Lee, S. K. Ji, S. D. Choi, S. P. Hamn, M. S. Kim, M. W. Park, S. K. Shin, I. B. Kim, J. H. Lee, H. C. Ji, Y. C. Chung, and D. H. Hyun, “Performance of an OSNR monitor based on the polarization-nulling technique,” J. Opt. Netw.  3(6), 388–395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Krimmel, H. G.

Lealman, I.

Lee, J. H.

C. H. Kim, Y. B. Lee, S. K. Ji, S. D. Choi, S. P. Hamn, M. S. Kim, M. W. Park, S. K. Shin, I. B. Kim, J. H. Lee, H. C. Ji, Y. C. Chung, and D. H. Hyun, “Performance of an OSNR monitor based on the polarization-nulling technique,” J. Opt. Netw.  3(6), 388–395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. B.

C. H. Kim, Y. B. Lee, S. K. Ji, S. D. Choi, S. P. Hamn, M. S. Kim, M. W. Park, S. K. Shin, I. B. Kim, J. H. Lee, H. C. Ji, Y. C. Chung, and D. H. Hyun, “Performance of an OSNR monitor based on the polarization-nulling technique,” J. Opt. Netw.  3(6), 388–395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Maxwell, G.

Moodie, D. G.

Naughton, A.

Nesset, D.

Olsson, N. A.

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, “Self-phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.  25(11), 2297–2306 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ossieur, P.

Park, M. W.

C. H. Kim, Y. B. Lee, S. K. Ji, S. D. Choi, S. P. Hamn, M. S. Kim, M. W. Park, S. K. Shin, I. B. Kim, J. H. Lee, H. C. Ji, Y. C. Chung, and D. H. Hyun, “Performance of an OSNR monitor based on the polarization-nulling technique,” J. Opt. Netw.  3(6), 388–395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Poustie, A.

Rogers, D.

Sano, T.

Shin, S. K.

C. H. Kim, Y. B. Lee, S. K. Ji, S. D. Choi, S. P. Hamn, M. S. Kim, M. W. Park, S. K. Shin, I. B. Kim, J. H. Lee, H. C. Ji, Y. C. Chung, and D. H. Hyun, “Performance of an OSNR monitor based on the polarization-nulling technique,” J. Opt. Netw.  3(6), 388–395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. W.

Suzuki, M.

Takushima, Y.

K. Y. Cho, K. Tanaka, T. Sano, S. P. Jung, J. H. Chang, Y. Takushima, A. Agata, Y. Horiuchi, M. Suzuki, and Y. C. Chung, “Long-reach coherent WDM PON employing self-polarization-stabilization technique,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(4), 456–462 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Enhanced chromatic dispersion tolerance of 11-Gb/s RSOA-based WDM PON using 4-ary PAM signal,” Electron. Lett. 46(22), 1510–1512 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Jung, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Transmission of 1.25-Gb/s PSK signal generated by using RSOA in 110-km coherent WDM PON,” Opt. Express 18(14), 14871–14877 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “10-Gb/s operation of RSOA for WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.  20(18), 1533–1535 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, K.

Townsend, P. D.

Tsukamoto, S.

S. Tsukamoto, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, “Unrepeated transmission of 20-Gb/s optical quadrature phase-shift-keying signal over 200-km standard single-mode fiber based on digital processing of homodyne-detected signal for group-velocity dispersion compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.  18(9), 1016–1018 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wyatt, R.

Electron. Lett. (1)

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Enhanced chromatic dispersion tolerance of 11-Gb/s RSOA-based WDM PON using 4-ary PAM signal,” Electron. Lett. 46(22), 1510–1512 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Opt. Express (1)

Other (11)

K. Y. Cho, U. H. Hong, A. Agata, T. Sano, Y. Horiuchi, H. Tanaka, M. Suzuki, and Y. C. Chung, “10-Gb/s, 80-km reach RSOA-based WDM PON employing QPSK signal and self-homodyne receiver,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communications Conference 2012, Paper OW1B.1.

G. P. Agrawal and N. A. Olsson, “Self-phase modulation and spectral broadening of optical pulses in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.  25(11), 2297–2306 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Jung, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Generation of 5-Gbps QPSK signal using directly modulated RSOA for 100-km coherent WDM PON,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communications Conference 2011, Paper OTuB3.

C. H. Kim, Y. B. Lee, S. K. Ji, S. D. Choi, S. P. Hamn, M. S. Kim, M. W. Park, S. K. Shin, I. B. Kim, J. H. Lee, H. C. Ji, Y. C. Chung, and D. H. Hyun, “Performance of an OSNR monitor based on the polarization-nulling technique,” J. Opt. Netw.  3(6), 388–395 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Tsukamoto, K. Katoh, and K. Kikuchi, “Unrepeated transmission of 20-Gb/s optical quadrature phase-shift-keying signal over 200-km standard single-mode fiber based on digital processing of homodyne-detected signal for group-velocity dispersion compensation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.  18(9), 1016–1018 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Kikuchi, “Phase-diversity homodyne detection of multilevel optical modulation with digital carrier phase estimation,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.  12(4), 563–570 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Oh, S. G. Koo, D. Lee, and S. J. Park, “Enhanced system performance of an RSOA based hybrid WDM/TDM-PON system using remotely pumped Erbium-doped fiber amplifier,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communications Conference 2007, Paper PDP9.

Y. C. Chung, “Recent advancement in WDM PON technology,” in Proceedings of European Conference on Optical Communications 2011, Paper Th.11.C.4.

P. Chanclou, F. Payoux, T. Soret, N. Genay, R. Brenot, F. Blache, M. Goix, J. Landreau, O. Legouezigou, and F. Mallecot, “Demonstration of RSOA-based remote modulation at 2.5 and 5 Gbit/s for WDM PON,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communications Conference 2007, Paper OWD1.

K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “10-Gb/s operation of RSOA for WDM PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.  20(18), 1533–1535 (2008).
[CrossRef]

U. H. Hong, K. Y. Cho, Y. Takushima, and Y. C. Chung, “Maximum reach of long-reach RSOA-based WDM PON employing remote EDFA,” in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communications Conference 2011, Paper OMP1.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup to evaluate the performance of the proposed long-reach 10.3-Gb/s WDM PON implemented by using directly-modulated RSOAs and self-homodyne receivers.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured BER curve of 10.3-Gb/s downstream signal.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Relationship between PM index and the AM index of the optical signal generated by directly-modulated RSOA.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured phasor diagram of the 10.3-Gb/s QPSK signal generated by using a directly-modulated RSOA.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The phases of the transmitted (⬜) and received signals (○), and the converted intensities (△) by assuming the slowly-varying phase.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Measured BER curve of 10.3-Gb/s QPSK signal in the back-to-back condition.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Constellation diagrams of the 10.3-Gb/s QPSK signal measured (a) before and (b) after the electronic phase equalizer.

Equations (2)

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g 1 [ e ig{d(t)} ] e id(t) .
g 1 [g{d(t)}]=d(t).

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