Abstract

We present an optimized design for a 10G- differential-phase-shift-keyed (DPSK) receiver based on a silicon-on-insulator (SOI) unbalanced tunable Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI) switch in sequence with a Mach-Zehnder delay interferometer (MZDI). The proposed design eliminates the limitation in sensitivity of the device produced by the waveguide propagation losses in the delay line. A 2.3 dB increase in receiver sensitivity at a bit-error-rate (BER) of 10−9 is experimentally measured over a standard implementation. The enhanced sensitivity is achieved with zero power consumption by tuning the operating wavelength or with less than 5mW for a fixed wavelength using microheaters. Also the foot-print of the device is minimized to 0.11mm2 by the use of compact spirals.

© 2012 OSA

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. H. Gnauck and P. J. Winzer, “Optical phase-shift-keyed transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol. 23(1), 115–130 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Proakis and M. Salehi, Digital Communications, 5th ed. (McGraw-Hill, 2008).
  3. C. R. Doerr, L. Chen, B. Labs, and H. Road, “Monolithic PDM-DQPSK receiver in silicon,” in 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2010), paper PD3.6.
  4. C. R. Doerr, N. Fontaine, and L. Buhl, “PDM DQPSK silicon receiver with integrated monitor and minimum number of controls,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(8), 697–699 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. Voigt, L. Zimmermann, G. Winzer, T. Mitze, J. Bruns, K. Petermann, B. Hüttl, and C. Schubert, “Performance of 40-Gb/s DPSK demodulator in SOI-technology,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(8), 614–616 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. Suzuki, H. C. Nguyen, T. Tamanuki, F. Shinobu, Y. Saito, Y. Sakai, and T. Baba, “Slow-light-based variable symbol-rate silicon photonics DQPSK receiver,” Opt. Express 20(4), 4796–4804 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. L. Zhang, J.-Y. Yang, M. Song, Y. Li, B. Zhang, R. G. Beausoleil, and A. E. Willner, “Microring-based modulation and demodulation of DPSK signal,” Opt. Express 15(18), 11564–11569 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. L. Zhang, Y. Li, M. Song, R. G. Beausoleil, and A. E. Willner, “Data quality dependencies in microring-based DPSK transmitter and receiver,” Opt. Express 16(8), 5739–5745 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. L. Xu, C. Li, C. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, “Optical differential-phase-shift-keying demodulation using a silicon microring resonator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(5), 295–297 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Park, K. Yamada, R. Kou, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, H. Fukuda, H. Nishi, H. Shinojima, and S. Itabashi, “Demodulation of 10-Gbps DPSK signals with silicon micro-ring resonators,” in 23rd Annual Meeting of the IEEE Photonics Society (2010), 264–265.
  11. L. Xu, C. Li, C. Y. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, “DQPSK demodulation using integrated silicon microring resonators,” Opt. Commun. 284(1), 172–175 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Y. Ding, J. Xu, C. Peucheret, M. Pu, L. Liu, J. Seoane, H. Ou, X. Zhang, and D. Huang, “Multi-channel 40 Gbit/s NRZ-DPSK demodulation using a single silicon microring resonator,” J. Lightwave Technol. 29(5), 677–684 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  13. L. Chen, N. Sherwood-Droz, and M. Lipson, “Compact bandwidth-tunable microring resonators,” Opt. Lett. 32(22), 3361–3363 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. J. Poon, J. Scheuer, S. Mookherjea, G. Paloczi, Y. Huang, and A. Yariv, “Matrix analysis of microring coupled-resonator optical waveguides,” Opt. Express 12(1), 90–103 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(5), 1328–1330 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  16. K. Watanabe, Y. Hashizume, Y. Nasu, M. Kohtoku, M. Itoh, and Y. Inoue, “Ultralow power consumption silica-based PLC-VOA/switches,” J. Lightwave Technol. 26(14), 2235–2244 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (2)

C. R. Doerr, N. Fontaine, and L. Buhl, “PDM DQPSK silicon receiver with integrated monitor and minimum number of controls,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(8), 697–699 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Suzuki, H. C. Nguyen, T. Tamanuki, F. Shinobu, Y. Saito, Y. Sakai, and T. Baba, “Slow-light-based variable symbol-rate silicon photonics DQPSK receiver,” Opt. Express 20(4), 4796–4804 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

2009 (1)

L. Xu, C. Li, C. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, “Optical differential-phase-shift-keying demodulation using a silicon microring resonator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(5), 295–297 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

2007 (2)

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

J. Poon, J. Scheuer, S. Mookherjea, G. Paloczi, Y. Huang, and A. Yariv, “Matrix analysis of microring coupled-resonator optical waveguides,” Opt. Express 12(1), 90–103 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(5), 1328–1330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Baba, T.

Baets, R.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(5), 1328–1330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Beausoleil, R. G.

Beckx, S.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(5), 1328–1330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bienstman, P.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(5), 1328–1330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bogaerts, W.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(5), 1328–1330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bruns, J.

K. Voigt, L. Zimmermann, G. Winzer, T. Mitze, J. Bruns, K. Petermann, B. Hüttl, and C. Schubert, “Performance of 40-Gb/s DPSK demodulator in SOI-technology,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(8), 614–616 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Buhl, L.

C. R. Doerr, N. Fontaine, and L. Buhl, “PDM DQPSK silicon receiver with integrated monitor and minimum number of controls,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(8), 697–699 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.

Ding, Y.

Doerr, C. R.

C. R. Doerr, N. Fontaine, and L. Buhl, “PDM DQPSK silicon receiver with integrated monitor and minimum number of controls,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(8), 697–699 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dumon, P.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(5), 1328–1330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fontaine, N.

C. R. Doerr, N. Fontaine, and L. Buhl, “PDM DQPSK silicon receiver with integrated monitor and minimum number of controls,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(8), 697–699 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gnauck, A. H.

Hashizume, Y.

Huang, D.

Huang, Y.

Hüttl, B.

K. Voigt, L. Zimmermann, G. Winzer, T. Mitze, J. Bruns, K. Petermann, B. Hüttl, and C. Schubert, “Performance of 40-Gb/s DPSK demodulator in SOI-technology,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(8), 614–616 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, Y.

Itoh, M.

Kohtoku, M.

Li, C.

L. Xu, C. Li, C. Y. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, “DQPSK demodulation using integrated silicon microring resonators,” Opt. Commun. 284(1), 172–175 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Xu, C. Li, C. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, “Optical differential-phase-shift-keying demodulation using a silicon microring resonator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(5), 295–297 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

Lipson, M.

Liu, L.

Luyssaert, B.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(5), 1328–1330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mitze, T.

K. Voigt, L. Zimmermann, G. Winzer, T. Mitze, J. Bruns, K. Petermann, B. Hüttl, and C. Schubert, “Performance of 40-Gb/s DPSK demodulator in SOI-technology,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(8), 614–616 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mookherjea, S.

Nasu, Y.

Nguyen, H. C.

Ou, H.

Paloczi, G.

Petermann, K.

K. Voigt, L. Zimmermann, G. Winzer, T. Mitze, J. Bruns, K. Petermann, B. Hüttl, and C. Schubert, “Performance of 40-Gb/s DPSK demodulator in SOI-technology,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(8), 614–616 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Peucheret, C.

Poon, J.

Pu, M.

Saito, Y.

Sakai, Y.

Scheuer, J.

Schubert, C.

K. Voigt, L. Zimmermann, G. Winzer, T. Mitze, J. Bruns, K. Petermann, B. Hüttl, and C. Schubert, “Performance of 40-Gb/s DPSK demodulator in SOI-technology,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(8), 614–616 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Seoane, J.

Sherwood-Droz, N.

Shinobu, F.

Song, M.

Suzuki, K.

Taillaert, D.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(5), 1328–1330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tamanuki, T.

Tsang, H. K.

L. Xu, C. Li, C. Y. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, “DQPSK demodulation using integrated silicon microring resonators,” Opt. Commun. 284(1), 172–175 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Xu, C. Li, C. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, “Optical differential-phase-shift-keying demodulation using a silicon microring resonator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(5), 295–297 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Van Campenhout, J.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(5), 1328–1330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Van Thourhout, D.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(5), 1328–1330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Voigt, K.

K. Voigt, L. Zimmermann, G. Winzer, T. Mitze, J. Bruns, K. Petermann, B. Hüttl, and C. Schubert, “Performance of 40-Gb/s DPSK demodulator in SOI-technology,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(8), 614–616 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, K.

Wiaux, V.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(5), 1328–1330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A. E.

Winzer, G.

K. Voigt, L. Zimmermann, G. Winzer, T. Mitze, J. Bruns, K. Petermann, B. Hüttl, and C. Schubert, “Performance of 40-Gb/s DPSK demodulator in SOI-technology,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(8), 614–616 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Winzer, P. J.

Wong, C.

L. Xu, C. Li, C. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, “Optical differential-phase-shift-keying demodulation using a silicon microring resonator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(5), 295–297 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wong, C. Y.

L. Xu, C. Li, C. Y. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, “DQPSK demodulation using integrated silicon microring resonators,” Opt. Commun. 284(1), 172–175 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wouters, J.

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(5), 1328–1330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

Xu, L.

L. Xu, C. Li, C. Y. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, “DQPSK demodulation using integrated silicon microring resonators,” Opt. Commun. 284(1), 172–175 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Xu, C. Li, C. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, “Optical differential-phase-shift-keying demodulation using a silicon microring resonator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(5), 295–297 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.-Y.

Yariv, A.

Zhang, B.

Zhang, L.

Zhang, X.

Zimmermann, L.

K. Voigt, L. Zimmermann, G. Winzer, T. Mitze, J. Bruns, K. Petermann, B. Hüttl, and C. Schubert, “Performance of 40-Gb/s DPSK demodulator in SOI-technology,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(8), 614–616 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

C. R. Doerr, N. Fontaine, and L. Buhl, “PDM DQPSK silicon receiver with integrated monitor and minimum number of controls,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24(8), 697–699 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Voigt, L. Zimmermann, G. Winzer, T. Mitze, J. Bruns, K. Petermann, B. Hüttl, and C. Schubert, “Performance of 40-Gb/s DPSK demodulator in SOI-technology,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(8), 614–616 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Xu, C. Li, C. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, “Optical differential-phase-shift-keying demodulation using a silicon microring resonator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(5), 295–297 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Dumon, W. Bogaerts, V. Wiaux, J. Wouters, S. Beckx, J. Van Campenhout, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, P. Bienstman, D. Van Thourhout, and R. Baets, “Low-loss SOI photonic wires and ring resonators fabricated with deep UV lithography,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(5), 1328–1330 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Opt. Commun. (1)

L. Xu, C. Li, C. Y. Wong, and H. K. Tsang, “DQPSK demodulation using integrated silicon microring resonators,” Opt. Commun. 284(1), 172–175 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (3)

J. Proakis and M. Salehi, Digital Communications, 5th ed. (McGraw-Hill, 2008).

C. R. Doerr, L. Chen, B. Labs, and H. Road, “Monolithic PDM-DQPSK receiver in silicon,” in 36th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication (2010), paper PD3.6.

S. Park, K. Yamada, R. Kou, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, H. Fukuda, H. Nishi, H. Shinojima, and S. Itabashi, “Demodulation of 10-Gbps DPSK signals with silicon micro-ring resonators,” in 23rd Annual Meeting of the IEEE Photonics Society (2010), 264–265.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics