Abstract

We report on a new design for a passively mode locked fibre laser employing all normal dispersion polarisation maintaining fibres operating at 1 μm. The laser produces linearly polarized, linearly chirped pulses that can be recompressed down to 344 fs. Compared to previous laser designs the cavity is mode-locked using a nonlinear amplifying fibre loop mirror that provides an additional degree of freedom allowing easy control over the pulse parameters. This is a robust laser design with excellent reliability and lifetime.

© 2012 OSA

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  1. B. Ortaç, M. Plötner, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Self-starting passively mode-locked chirped-pulse fiber laser” Opt. Express 15, 16794–16799 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. Lefrançois, K. Kieu, Y. Deng, J. D. Kafka, and F. W. Wise, “Scaling of dissipative soliton fiber lasers to megawatt peak powers by use of large-area photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 35, 1569–1571 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar pulse evolution in an all-normal-dispersion laser,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 021805 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. R. Buckley, F. W. Wise, F. O. Ilday, and T. Sosnowski, “Femtosecond fiber lasers with pulse energies above 10 nJ,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1888–1890 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, H. Lim, F. W. Wise, and W. G. Clark, “Generation of 50-fs, 5-nJ pulses at 1.03 μm from a wave-breaking-free fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1365–1367 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. H. A. Haus, “Mode-locking of lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1173–1185 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. I. N. Duling, “All-fiber ring soliton laser mode locked with a nonlinear mirror,” Opt. Lett. 16, 539–541 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, and E. P. Ippen, “Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 591–598 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  9. B. Ortaç, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High-energy femtosecond Yb-doped fiber laser operating in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2149–2151 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. B. Ortaç, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, C. Özkul, and F. Sanchez, “90-fs stretched-pulse ytterbium-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1305–1307 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. F.Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys.Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, “Ultra-compact dispersion compensated femtosecond fiber oscillators and amplifiers,” in Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics, Cleo 2005 (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CThG1.
  14. A. Ruehl, O. Prochnow, M. Engelbrecht, D. Wandt, and D. Kracht, “Similariton fiber laser with photonic bandgap fiber for dispersion control,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1084–1086 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. S. Ramachandran, S. Ghalmi, J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, E. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “Anomalous dispersion in a solid, silica-based fiber,” Opt. Lett. 31, 2532–2534 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. R. Herda and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Dispersion compensation-free fiber laser mode-locked and stabilized by high-contrast saturable absorber mirror,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 893–899 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. Chong, J. Buckley, W. Renninger, and F. Wise, “All-normal dispersion femtosecond fiber laser,” Opt. Express 14, 10095–10100 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. B. Ortaç, O. Schmidt, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, and A. Hideur, “High-energy femtosecond Yb-doped dispersion compensation free fiber laser,” Opt. Express 15, 10725–10732 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  20. A. Ruehl, O. Prochnow, D. Wandt, D. Kracht, B. Burgoyne, N. Godbout, and S. Lacroix, “Dynamics of parabolic pulses in an ultrafast fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 31, 2734–2736 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. C. Aguergaray, D. Méchin, V. Kruglov, and J. D. Harvey, “Experimental realization of a Mode-locked parabolic Raman fiber oscillator,” Opt. Express 18, 8680–8687 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. C. F. Amrani, M. Salhi, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Universal soliton pattern formations in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 36, 1545–1547 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. J. W. Nicholson, S. Ramachandran, and S. Ghalmi, “A passively-modelocked, Yb-doped, figure-eight, fiber laser utilizing anomalous-dispersion higher-order-mode fiber,” Opt. Express 15, 6623–6628 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. C. Barnard, P. Myslinski, J. Chrostowski, and M. Kavehrad, “Analytical model for rare-earth-doped fiber amplifiers and lasers,” IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 30, 1817–1830 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  25. O. Prochnow, A. Ruehl, M. Schultz, D. Wandt, and D. Kracht, “All-fiber similariton laser at 1 μm without dispersion compensation,” Opt. Express 15, 6889–6893 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. C. W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Giant-chirp oscillators for short-pulse fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 33, 3025–3027 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

2010 (3)

2008 (1)

2007 (6)

2006 (3)

2005 (2)

2004 (2)

F.Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys.Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Herda and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Dispersion compensation-free fiber laser mode-locked and stabilized by high-contrast saturable absorber mirror,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 893–899 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

2000 (1)

H. A. Haus, “Mode-locking of lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1173–1185 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, and E. P. Ippen, “Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 591–598 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

C. Barnard, P. Myslinski, J. Chrostowski, and M. Kavehrad, “Analytical model for rare-earth-doped fiber amplifiers and lasers,” IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 30, 1817–1830 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

Aguergaray, C.

Amrani, C. F.

Barnard, C.

C. Barnard, P. Myslinski, J. Chrostowski, and M. Kavehrad, “Analytical model for rare-earth-doped fiber amplifiers and lasers,” IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 30, 1817–1830 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Brunel, M.

Buckley, J.

Buckley, J. R.

Burgoyne, B.

Chartier, T.

Cho, G. C.

I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, “Ultra-compact dispersion compensated femtosecond fiber oscillators and amplifiers,” in Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics, Cleo 2005 (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CThG1.

Chong, A.

Chrostowski, J.

C. Barnard, P. Myslinski, J. Chrostowski, and M. Kavehrad, “Analytical model for rare-earth-doped fiber amplifiers and lasers,” IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 30, 1817–1830 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Clark, W. G.

F.Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys.Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, H. Lim, F. W. Wise, and W. G. Clark, “Generation of 50-fs, 5-nJ pulses at 1.03 μm from a wave-breaking-free fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1365–1367 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deng, Y.

Dimarcello, F. V.

Dudley, J. M.

A. C. Peacock, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. D. Harvey, M. E. Fermann, G. Sucha, D. Harter, and J. M. Dudley, “Generation and interaction of parabolic pulses in high gain fiber amplifiers and oscillators,” OFC 2001, Anaheim, paper WP4, March 2001.

Duling, I. N.

Engelbrecht, M.

Fermann, M. E.

I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, “Ultra-compact dispersion compensated femtosecond fiber oscillators and amplifiers,” in Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics, Cleo 2005 (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CThG1.

A. C. Peacock, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. D. Harvey, M. E. Fermann, G. Sucha, D. Harter, and J. M. Dudley, “Generation and interaction of parabolic pulses in high gain fiber amplifiers and oscillators,” OFC 2001, Anaheim, paper WP4, March 2001.

Ghalmi, S.

Godbout, N.

Grelu, P.

Harter, D.

A. C. Peacock, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. D. Harvey, M. E. Fermann, G. Sucha, D. Harter, and J. M. Dudley, “Generation and interaction of parabolic pulses in high gain fiber amplifiers and oscillators,” OFC 2001, Anaheim, paper WP4, March 2001.

Hartl, I.

I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, “Ultra-compact dispersion compensated femtosecond fiber oscillators and amplifiers,” in Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics, Cleo 2005 (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CThG1.

Harvey, J. D.

C. Aguergaray, D. Méchin, V. Kruglov, and J. D. Harvey, “Experimental realization of a Mode-locked parabolic Raman fiber oscillator,” Opt. Express 18, 8680–8687 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. C. Peacock, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. D. Harvey, M. E. Fermann, G. Sucha, D. Harter, and J. M. Dudley, “Generation and interaction of parabolic pulses in high gain fiber amplifiers and oscillators,” OFC 2001, Anaheim, paper WP4, March 2001.

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus, “Mode-locking of lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1173–1185 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, and E. P. Ippen, “Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 591–598 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Herda, R.

R. Herda and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Dispersion compensation-free fiber laser mode-locked and stabilized by high-contrast saturable absorber mirror,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 893–899 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hideur, A.

Hohmuth, R.

Ilday, F. O.

Ilday, F.Ö.

F.Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys.Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Imeshev, G.

I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, “Ultra-compact dispersion compensated femtosecond fiber oscillators and amplifiers,” in Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics, Cleo 2005 (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CThG1.

Ippen, E. P.

H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, and E. P. Ippen, “Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 591–598 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kafka, J. D.

Kavehrad, M.

C. Barnard, P. Myslinski, J. Chrostowski, and M. Kavehrad, “Analytical model for rare-earth-doped fiber amplifiers and lasers,” IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 30, 1817–1830 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kieu, K.

Kracht, D.

Kruglov, V.

Kruglov, V. I.

A. C. Peacock, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. D. Harvey, M. E. Fermann, G. Sucha, D. Harter, and J. M. Dudley, “Generation and interaction of parabolic pulses in high gain fiber amplifiers and oscillators,” OFC 2001, Anaheim, paper WP4, March 2001.

Lacroix, S.

Leblond, H.

Lefrançois, S.

Lim, H.

Limpert, J.

Méchin, D.

Monberg, E.

Myslinski, P.

C. Barnard, P. Myslinski, J. Chrostowski, and M. Kavehrad, “Analytical model for rare-earth-doped fiber amplifiers and lasers,” IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 30, 1817–1830 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, L. E.

H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, and E. P. Ippen, “Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 591–598 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nicholson, J. W.

Nielsen, C. K.

Okhotnikov, O. G.

R. Herda and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Dispersion compensation-free fiber laser mode-locked and stabilized by high-contrast saturable absorber mirror,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 893–899 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ortaç, B.

Özkul, C.

Peacock, A. C.

A. C. Peacock, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. D. Harvey, M. E. Fermann, G. Sucha, D. Harter, and J. M. Dudley, “Generation and interaction of parabolic pulses in high gain fiber amplifiers and oscillators,” OFC 2001, Anaheim, paper WP4, March 2001.

Plötner, M.

Prochnow, O.

Ramachandran, S.

Renninger, C. W. H.

Renninger, W.

Renninger, W. H.

W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar pulse evolution in an all-normal-dispersion laser,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 021805 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Richter, W.

Ruehl, A.

Salhi, M.

Sanchez, F.

Schmidt, O.

Schreiber, T.

Schultz, M.

Sosnowski, T.

Sucha, G.

A. C. Peacock, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. D. Harvey, M. E. Fermann, G. Sucha, D. Harter, and J. M. Dudley, “Generation and interaction of parabolic pulses in high gain fiber amplifiers and oscillators,” OFC 2001, Anaheim, paper WP4, March 2001.

Tamura, K.

H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, and E. P. Ippen, “Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 591–598 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Thomsen, B. C.

A. C. Peacock, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. D. Harvey, M. E. Fermann, G. Sucha, D. Harter, and J. M. Dudley, “Generation and interaction of parabolic pulses in high gain fiber amplifiers and oscillators,” OFC 2001, Anaheim, paper WP4, March 2001.

Tünnermann, A.

Wandt, D.

Wise, F.

Wise, F. W.

Wisk, P.

Yan, M. F.

IEEE J. Quant. Electron. (1)

C. Barnard, P. Myslinski, J. Chrostowski, and M. Kavehrad, “Analytical model for rare-earth-doped fiber amplifiers and lasers,” IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 30, 1817–1830 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

H. A. Haus, K. Tamura, L. E. Nelson, and E. P. Ippen, “Stretched-pulse additive pulse mode-locking in fiber ring lasers: theory and experiment,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 591–598 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. Herda and O. G. Okhotnikov, “Dispersion compensation-free fiber laser mode-locked and stabilized by high-contrast saturable absorber mirror,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40, 893–899 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. A. Haus, “Mode-locking of lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1173–1185 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (7)

Opt. Lett. (11)

S. Lefrançois, K. Kieu, Y. Deng, J. D. Kafka, and F. W. Wise, “Scaling of dissipative soliton fiber lasers to megawatt peak powers by use of large-area photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 35, 1569–1571 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. F. Amrani, M. Salhi, P. Grelu, H. Leblond, and F. Sanchez, “Universal soliton pattern formations in passively mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett. 36, 1545–1547 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Giant-chirp oscillators for short-pulse fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 33, 3025–3027 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Ortaç, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “High-energy femtosecond Yb-doped fiber laser operating in the anomalous dispersion regime,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2149–2151 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ruehl, O. Prochnow, M. Engelbrecht, D. Wandt, and D. Kracht, “Similariton fiber laser with photonic bandgap fiber for dispersion control,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1084–1086 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Ramachandran, S. Ghalmi, J. W. Nicholson, M. F. Yan, P. Wisk, E. Monberg, and F. V. Dimarcello, “Anomalous dispersion in a solid, silica-based fiber,” Opt. Lett. 31, 2532–2534 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ruehl, O. Prochnow, D. Wandt, D. Kracht, B. Burgoyne, N. Godbout, and S. Lacroix, “Dynamics of parabolic pulses in an ultrafast fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 31, 2734–2736 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. N. Duling, “All-fiber ring soliton laser mode locked with a nonlinear mirror,” Opt. Lett. 16, 539–541 (1991).
[CrossRef]

B. Ortaç, A. Hideur, T. Chartier, M. Brunel, C. Özkul, and F. Sanchez, “90-fs stretched-pulse ytterbium-doped double-clad fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1305–1307 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. O. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, H. Lim, F. W. Wise, and W. G. Clark, “Generation of 50-fs, 5-nJ pulses at 1.03 μm from a wave-breaking-free fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1365–1367 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. R. Buckley, F. W. Wise, F. O. Ilday, and T. Sosnowski, “Femtosecond fiber lasers with pulse energies above 10 nJ,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1888–1890 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

W. H. Renninger, A. Chong, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar pulse evolution in an all-normal-dispersion laser,” Phys. Rev. A 82, 021805 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phys.Rev. Lett. (1)

F.Ö. Ilday, J. R. Buckley, W. G. Clark, and F. W. Wise, “Self-similar evolution of parabolic pulses in a laser,” Phys.Rev. Lett. 92, 213902 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, “Ultra-compact dispersion compensated femtosecond fiber oscillators and amplifiers,” in Conference on Laser and Electro-Optics, Cleo 2005 (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CThG1.

A. C. Peacock, V. I. Kruglov, B. C. Thomsen, J. D. Harvey, M. E. Fermann, G. Sucha, D. Harter, and J. M. Dudley, “Generation and interaction of parabolic pulses in high gain fiber amplifiers and oscillators,” OFC 2001, Anaheim, paper WP4, March 2001.

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