Abstract

A set of twelve specially doped lithium niobate crystals were grown to test the effect of the dopant on holographic recording in the crystals via the photorefractive effect. The crystals were doped with Ce, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Rh, Tb, Fe:Ce, Fe:Cr, and Fe:Mn. The transmission spectra was measured for each crystal and holograms have been written in each of the crystals with wavelengths from 457 nm to 671 nm. The wavelength sensitivity, scattering, and stability of the holograms varied substantially among the crystals. A qualitative description of the hologram’s properties and a comparison of sensitivities between the crystals will be presented.

© Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |

  1. A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, "Optically-induced refractive index inhomogeneities in LiNbO<SUB>3</SUB> and LiTaO<SUB>3</SUB>," Appl. Phys. Lett. 9 (1), 72-74 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  2. F. H. Mok, "Angle-multiplexed storage of 5000 holograms in lithium niobate," Opt. Lett. 18 (11), 915-917 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. Yin and F.T.S. Yu, "Specially doped LiNbO<SUB>3</SUB> crystal holography using a visible-light low-power laser diode," IEEE Phot. Technol. Lett. 5 (5), 581-582 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. Buse, F. Jermann, and E. Kratzig, "Infrared holographic recording in LiNbO3:Fe and LiNbO<SUB>3</SUB>:Cu," Opt. Mater. 4, 237-240 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. M. Darwish, M. D. Aggarwal, J. C. Wang, R. Copeland, P. Venkateswarlu, P. P. Banerjee, D. K. McMillen, and T. D. Hudson, "Investigation of the charge transfer and the photosensitivity in single- and double-doped LiNbO<SUB>3</SUB> single crystals: an optical-electron paramagnetic resonance study," Proc. SPIE 3137, 63-74 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. Buse, F. Jermann, and E. Kratzig, "Infrared holographic recording in LiNbO<SUB>3</SUB>:Fe and LiNbO<SUB>3</SUB>:Cu," Opt. Mater. 4, 237-240 (1995).
    [CrossRef]

Other (6)

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, J. M. Dziedzic, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levinstein, and K. Nassau, "Optically-induced refractive index inhomogeneities in LiNbO<SUB>3</SUB> and LiTaO<SUB>3</SUB>," Appl. Phys. Lett. 9 (1), 72-74 (1966).
[CrossRef]

F. H. Mok, "Angle-multiplexed storage of 5000 holograms in lithium niobate," Opt. Lett. 18 (11), 915-917 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Yin and F.T.S. Yu, "Specially doped LiNbO<SUB>3</SUB> crystal holography using a visible-light low-power laser diode," IEEE Phot. Technol. Lett. 5 (5), 581-582 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Buse, F. Jermann, and E. Kratzig, "Infrared holographic recording in LiNbO3:Fe and LiNbO<SUB>3</SUB>:Cu," Opt. Mater. 4, 237-240 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Darwish, M. D. Aggarwal, J. C. Wang, R. Copeland, P. Venkateswarlu, P. P. Banerjee, D. K. McMillen, and T. D. Hudson, "Investigation of the charge transfer and the photosensitivity in single- and double-doped LiNbO<SUB>3</SUB> single crystals: an optical-electron paramagnetic resonance study," Proc. SPIE 3137, 63-74 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. Buse, F. Jermann, and E. Kratzig, "Infrared holographic recording in LiNbO<SUB>3</SUB>:Fe and LiNbO<SUB>3</SUB>:Cu," Opt. Mater. 4, 237-240 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (14)

Figure 1.
Figure 1.

Left to right. Top row: Sam (Fe:Ce), Eve (Ce), Moe (Ni), Ned (Cu), Pat (Fe). Middle row: Flo (Fe:Cr) Bob (Cr), Ted (Tb), Hal (Co). Bottom row: Liz (Fe:Mn), Ian (Mn), Rob(Rh).

Figure 2.
Figure 2.

Bob/Cr

Figure 3.
Figure 3.

Flo/Fe:Cr

Figure 4.
Figure 4.

Ian/Mn

Figure 5.
Figure 5.

Liz/Fe:Mn

Figure 6.
Figure 6.

Pat/Fe

Figure 7.
Figure 7.

Hal/Co

Figure 8.
Figure 8.

Moe/Ni

Figure 9.
Figure 9.

Ned/Cu

Figure 10.
Figure 10.

Rob/Rh

Figure 11.
Figure 11.

Eve/Ce

Figure 12.
Figure 12.

Sam/Fe:Ce

Figure 13.
Figure 13.

Ted/Tb

Figure 14.
Figure 14.

Holographic recording.

Tables (7)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Crystal names, dopants, and color

Tables Icon

Table 2. Standard exposure times and powers during recording

Tables Icon

Table 3. Transmitted and diffracted beam powers for 457 nm

Tables Icon

Table 4. Transmitted and diffracted beam powers for 514 nm

Tables Icon

Table 5. Transmitted and diffracted beam powers for 647 nm

Tables Icon

Table 6. Transmitted and diffracted beam powers for 671 nm

Tables Icon

Table 7. Diffracted energy normalized to Pat/Fe

Metrics