Abstract

The temporal dynamics of photorefractive and absorptive gains during two-wave mixing in Stark geometry photorefractive quantum wells are investigated using moving gratings to break the symmetry of the photorefractive diodes to achieve nonreciprocal energy transfer between two coherent laser beams.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. D. Nolte, D. H. Olson, G. E. Doran, W. H. Knox, and A. M. Glass, “Resonant photodiffractive effect in semi-insulating multiple quantum wells,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 2217–2225 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  2. D. D. Nolte and M. R. Melloch, “Photorefractive quantum wells and thin films” in Photorefractive Effects and Materials, D. D. Nolte, ed. (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 1995).
  3. Q. N. Wang, R. M. Brubaker, D. D. Nolte, and M. R. Melloch, “Photorefractive Quantum Wells: Transverse Franz-Keldysh Geometry,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1626–1641 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  4. A. Partovi, A. M. Glass, D. H. Olson, G. J. Zydzik, H. M. O’Bryan, T. H. Chiu, and W. H. Knox, “Cr-doped GaAs/AlGaAs semi-insualting multiple quantum well photorefractive devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 464–466 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  5. C. S. Kyono, K. Ikossi-Anastasiou, W. S. Rabinovich, S. R. Bowman, and D. S. Katzer, “GaAs/AlGaAs multiquantum well resonant photorefractive devices fabricated using epitaxial lift-off,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2244–2246 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  6. W. S. Rabinovich, S. R. Bowman, D. S. Katzer, and C. S. Kyono, “Intrinsic multiple quantum well spatial light modulators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1044–1046 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  7. I. Lahiri, K. M. Kwolek, D. D. Nolte, and M. R. Melloch, “Photorefractive p-i-n diode quantum well spatial light modulators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 1408–1410 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  8. I. Lahiri, M. Aguilar, D. D. Nolte, and M. R. Melloch, “High-efficiency stark-geometry photorefractive quantum wells with intrinsic cladding layers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 517–519 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  9. I. Lahiri, D. D. Nolte, E. S. Harmon, M. R. Melloch, and J. M. Woodall, “Ultrafast-lifetime quantum wells with sharp exciton spectra,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2519–2521 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  10. J. P. Huignard and A. Marrakchi, “Coherent signal beam amplification in two-wave mixing experiments with photorefractive BSO crystals,” Opt. Commun. 38, 249–254 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  11. Q. N. Wang, D. D. Nolte, and M. R. Melloch, “Two-wave mixing in photorefractive AlGaAs/GaAs quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 256–258 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  12. S. I. Stepanov, V. V. Kulikov, and M. P. Petrov, ““Running” holograms in photorefractive BSO crystals,” Opt. Commun. 44, 19–23 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  13. G. C. Valley, “Two-wave mixing with an applied field and a moving grating,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 1, 868–873 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  14. D. D. Nolte, “Photorefractive transport and multi-wave mixing” in Photorefractive Effects and Materials, D. D. Nolte, ed. (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 1995).
  15. I. Lahiri, R. M. Brubaker, D. D. Nolte, and M. R. Melloch, “Two-wave mixing in Stark-geometry photorefractive quantum wells using moving gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 3414–3416 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  16. I. Lahiri, D. D. Nolte, M. R. Melloch, and M. B. Klein, “Oscillatory mode coupling and electrically strobed gratings in photorefractive quantum-well diodes,” Opt. Lett. 23, 49–51 (1998).
    [Crossref]

1998 (1)

1996 (2)

I. Lahiri, R. M. Brubaker, D. D. Nolte, and M. R. Melloch, “Two-wave mixing in Stark-geometry photorefractive quantum wells using moving gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 3414–3416 (1996).
[Crossref]

I. Lahiri, M. Aguilar, D. D. Nolte, and M. R. Melloch, “High-efficiency stark-geometry photorefractive quantum wells with intrinsic cladding layers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 517–519 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (4)

I. Lahiri, D. D. Nolte, E. S. Harmon, M. R. Melloch, and J. M. Woodall, “Ultrafast-lifetime quantum wells with sharp exciton spectra,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2519–2521 (1995).
[Crossref]

W. S. Rabinovich, S. R. Bowman, D. S. Katzer, and C. S. Kyono, “Intrinsic multiple quantum well spatial light modulators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1044–1046 (1995).
[Crossref]

I. Lahiri, K. M. Kwolek, D. D. Nolte, and M. R. Melloch, “Photorefractive p-i-n diode quantum well spatial light modulators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 1408–1410 (1995).
[Crossref]

D. D. Nolte, “Photorefractive transport and multi-wave mixing” in Photorefractive Effects and Materials, D. D. Nolte, ed. (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 1995).

1994 (1)

C. S. Kyono, K. Ikossi-Anastasiou, W. S. Rabinovich, S. R. Bowman, and D. S. Katzer, “GaAs/AlGaAs multiquantum well resonant photorefractive devices fabricated using epitaxial lift-off,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2244–2246 (1994).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

A. Partovi, A. M. Glass, D. H. Olson, G. J. Zydzik, H. M. O’Bryan, T. H. Chiu, and W. H. Knox, “Cr-doped GaAs/AlGaAs semi-insualting multiple quantum well photorefractive devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 464–466 (1993).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

1991 (1)

Q. N. Wang, D. D. Nolte, and M. R. Melloch, “Two-wave mixing in photorefractive AlGaAs/GaAs quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 256–258 (1991).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

1984 (1)

1982 (1)

S. I. Stepanov, V. V. Kulikov, and M. P. Petrov, ““Running” holograms in photorefractive BSO crystals,” Opt. Commun. 44, 19–23 (1982).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

J. P. Huignard and A. Marrakchi, “Coherent signal beam amplification in two-wave mixing experiments with photorefractive BSO crystals,” Opt. Commun. 38, 249–254 (1981).
[Crossref]

Aguilar, M.

I. Lahiri, M. Aguilar, D. D. Nolte, and M. R. Melloch, “High-efficiency stark-geometry photorefractive quantum wells with intrinsic cladding layers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 517–519 (1996).
[Crossref]

Bowman, S. R.

W. S. Rabinovich, S. R. Bowman, D. S. Katzer, and C. S. Kyono, “Intrinsic multiple quantum well spatial light modulators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1044–1046 (1995).
[Crossref]

C. S. Kyono, K. Ikossi-Anastasiou, W. S. Rabinovich, S. R. Bowman, and D. S. Katzer, “GaAs/AlGaAs multiquantum well resonant photorefractive devices fabricated using epitaxial lift-off,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2244–2246 (1994).
[Crossref]

Brubaker, R. M.

I. Lahiri, R. M. Brubaker, D. D. Nolte, and M. R. Melloch, “Two-wave mixing in Stark-geometry photorefractive quantum wells using moving gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 3414–3416 (1996).
[Crossref]

Q. N. Wang, R. M. Brubaker, D. D. Nolte, and M. R. Melloch, “Photorefractive Quantum Wells: Transverse Franz-Keldysh Geometry,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1626–1641 (1992).
[Crossref]

Chiu, T. H.

A. Partovi, A. M. Glass, D. H. Olson, G. J. Zydzik, H. M. O’Bryan, T. H. Chiu, and W. H. Knox, “Cr-doped GaAs/AlGaAs semi-insualting multiple quantum well photorefractive devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 464–466 (1993).
[Crossref]

Doran, G. E.

Glass, A. M.

A. Partovi, A. M. Glass, D. H. Olson, G. J. Zydzik, H. M. O’Bryan, T. H. Chiu, and W. H. Knox, “Cr-doped GaAs/AlGaAs semi-insualting multiple quantum well photorefractive devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 464–466 (1993).
[Crossref]

D. D. Nolte, D. H. Olson, G. E. Doran, W. H. Knox, and A. M. Glass, “Resonant photodiffractive effect in semi-insulating multiple quantum wells,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 2217–2225 (1990).
[Crossref]

Harmon, E. S.

I. Lahiri, D. D. Nolte, E. S. Harmon, M. R. Melloch, and J. M. Woodall, “Ultrafast-lifetime quantum wells with sharp exciton spectra,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2519–2521 (1995).
[Crossref]

Huignard, J. P.

J. P. Huignard and A. Marrakchi, “Coherent signal beam amplification in two-wave mixing experiments with photorefractive BSO crystals,” Opt. Commun. 38, 249–254 (1981).
[Crossref]

Ikossi-Anastasiou, K.

C. S. Kyono, K. Ikossi-Anastasiou, W. S. Rabinovich, S. R. Bowman, and D. S. Katzer, “GaAs/AlGaAs multiquantum well resonant photorefractive devices fabricated using epitaxial lift-off,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2244–2246 (1994).
[Crossref]

Katzer, D. S.

W. S. Rabinovich, S. R. Bowman, D. S. Katzer, and C. S. Kyono, “Intrinsic multiple quantum well spatial light modulators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1044–1046 (1995).
[Crossref]

C. S. Kyono, K. Ikossi-Anastasiou, W. S. Rabinovich, S. R. Bowman, and D. S. Katzer, “GaAs/AlGaAs multiquantum well resonant photorefractive devices fabricated using epitaxial lift-off,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2244–2246 (1994).
[Crossref]

Klein, M. B.

Knox, W. H.

A. Partovi, A. M. Glass, D. H. Olson, G. J. Zydzik, H. M. O’Bryan, T. H. Chiu, and W. H. Knox, “Cr-doped GaAs/AlGaAs semi-insualting multiple quantum well photorefractive devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 464–466 (1993).
[Crossref]

D. D. Nolte, D. H. Olson, G. E. Doran, W. H. Knox, and A. M. Glass, “Resonant photodiffractive effect in semi-insulating multiple quantum wells,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 2217–2225 (1990).
[Crossref]

Kulikov, V. V.

S. I. Stepanov, V. V. Kulikov, and M. P. Petrov, ““Running” holograms in photorefractive BSO crystals,” Opt. Commun. 44, 19–23 (1982).
[Crossref]

Kwolek, K. M.

I. Lahiri, K. M. Kwolek, D. D. Nolte, and M. R. Melloch, “Photorefractive p-i-n diode quantum well spatial light modulators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 1408–1410 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kyono, C. S.

W. S. Rabinovich, S. R. Bowman, D. S. Katzer, and C. S. Kyono, “Intrinsic multiple quantum well spatial light modulators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1044–1046 (1995).
[Crossref]

C. S. Kyono, K. Ikossi-Anastasiou, W. S. Rabinovich, S. R. Bowman, and D. S. Katzer, “GaAs/AlGaAs multiquantum well resonant photorefractive devices fabricated using epitaxial lift-off,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2244–2246 (1994).
[Crossref]

Lahiri, I.

I. Lahiri, D. D. Nolte, M. R. Melloch, and M. B. Klein, “Oscillatory mode coupling and electrically strobed gratings in photorefractive quantum-well diodes,” Opt. Lett. 23, 49–51 (1998).
[Crossref]

I. Lahiri, R. M. Brubaker, D. D. Nolte, and M. R. Melloch, “Two-wave mixing in Stark-geometry photorefractive quantum wells using moving gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 3414–3416 (1996).
[Crossref]

I. Lahiri, M. Aguilar, D. D. Nolte, and M. R. Melloch, “High-efficiency stark-geometry photorefractive quantum wells with intrinsic cladding layers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 517–519 (1996).
[Crossref]

I. Lahiri, D. D. Nolte, E. S. Harmon, M. R. Melloch, and J. M. Woodall, “Ultrafast-lifetime quantum wells with sharp exciton spectra,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2519–2521 (1995).
[Crossref]

I. Lahiri, K. M. Kwolek, D. D. Nolte, and M. R. Melloch, “Photorefractive p-i-n diode quantum well spatial light modulators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 1408–1410 (1995).
[Crossref]

Marrakchi, A.

J. P. Huignard and A. Marrakchi, “Coherent signal beam amplification in two-wave mixing experiments with photorefractive BSO crystals,” Opt. Commun. 38, 249–254 (1981).
[Crossref]

Melloch, M. R.

I. Lahiri, D. D. Nolte, M. R. Melloch, and M. B. Klein, “Oscillatory mode coupling and electrically strobed gratings in photorefractive quantum-well diodes,” Opt. Lett. 23, 49–51 (1998).
[Crossref]

I. Lahiri, R. M. Brubaker, D. D. Nolte, and M. R. Melloch, “Two-wave mixing in Stark-geometry photorefractive quantum wells using moving gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 3414–3416 (1996).
[Crossref]

I. Lahiri, M. Aguilar, D. D. Nolte, and M. R. Melloch, “High-efficiency stark-geometry photorefractive quantum wells with intrinsic cladding layers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 517–519 (1996).
[Crossref]

I. Lahiri, D. D. Nolte, E. S. Harmon, M. R. Melloch, and J. M. Woodall, “Ultrafast-lifetime quantum wells with sharp exciton spectra,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2519–2521 (1995).
[Crossref]

I. Lahiri, K. M. Kwolek, D. D. Nolte, and M. R. Melloch, “Photorefractive p-i-n diode quantum well spatial light modulators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 1408–1410 (1995).
[Crossref]

Q. N. Wang, R. M. Brubaker, D. D. Nolte, and M. R. Melloch, “Photorefractive Quantum Wells: Transverse Franz-Keldysh Geometry,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1626–1641 (1992).
[Crossref]

Q. N. Wang, D. D. Nolte, and M. R. Melloch, “Two-wave mixing in photorefractive AlGaAs/GaAs quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 256–258 (1991).
[Crossref]

D. D. Nolte and M. R. Melloch, “Photorefractive quantum wells and thin films” in Photorefractive Effects and Materials, D. D. Nolte, ed. (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 1995).

Nolte, D. D.

I. Lahiri, D. D. Nolte, M. R. Melloch, and M. B. Klein, “Oscillatory mode coupling and electrically strobed gratings in photorefractive quantum-well diodes,” Opt. Lett. 23, 49–51 (1998).
[Crossref]

I. Lahiri, R. M. Brubaker, D. D. Nolte, and M. R. Melloch, “Two-wave mixing in Stark-geometry photorefractive quantum wells using moving gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 3414–3416 (1996).
[Crossref]

I. Lahiri, M. Aguilar, D. D. Nolte, and M. R. Melloch, “High-efficiency stark-geometry photorefractive quantum wells with intrinsic cladding layers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 517–519 (1996).
[Crossref]

I. Lahiri, D. D. Nolte, E. S. Harmon, M. R. Melloch, and J. M. Woodall, “Ultrafast-lifetime quantum wells with sharp exciton spectra,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2519–2521 (1995).
[Crossref]

I. Lahiri, K. M. Kwolek, D. D. Nolte, and M. R. Melloch, “Photorefractive p-i-n diode quantum well spatial light modulators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 1408–1410 (1995).
[Crossref]

D. D. Nolte, “Photorefractive transport and multi-wave mixing” in Photorefractive Effects and Materials, D. D. Nolte, ed. (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 1995).

Q. N. Wang, R. M. Brubaker, D. D. Nolte, and M. R. Melloch, “Photorefractive Quantum Wells: Transverse Franz-Keldysh Geometry,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1626–1641 (1992).
[Crossref]

Q. N. Wang, D. D. Nolte, and M. R. Melloch, “Two-wave mixing in photorefractive AlGaAs/GaAs quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 256–258 (1991).
[Crossref]

D. D. Nolte, D. H. Olson, G. E. Doran, W. H. Knox, and A. M. Glass, “Resonant photodiffractive effect in semi-insulating multiple quantum wells,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 2217–2225 (1990).
[Crossref]

D. D. Nolte and M. R. Melloch, “Photorefractive quantum wells and thin films” in Photorefractive Effects and Materials, D. D. Nolte, ed. (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 1995).

O’Bryan, H. M.

A. Partovi, A. M. Glass, D. H. Olson, G. J. Zydzik, H. M. O’Bryan, T. H. Chiu, and W. H. Knox, “Cr-doped GaAs/AlGaAs semi-insualting multiple quantum well photorefractive devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 464–466 (1993).
[Crossref]

Olson, D. H.

A. Partovi, A. M. Glass, D. H. Olson, G. J. Zydzik, H. M. O’Bryan, T. H. Chiu, and W. H. Knox, “Cr-doped GaAs/AlGaAs semi-insualting multiple quantum well photorefractive devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 464–466 (1993).
[Crossref]

D. D. Nolte, D. H. Olson, G. E. Doran, W. H. Knox, and A. M. Glass, “Resonant photodiffractive effect in semi-insulating multiple quantum wells,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 2217–2225 (1990).
[Crossref]

Partovi, A.

A. Partovi, A. M. Glass, D. H. Olson, G. J. Zydzik, H. M. O’Bryan, T. H. Chiu, and W. H. Knox, “Cr-doped GaAs/AlGaAs semi-insualting multiple quantum well photorefractive devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 464–466 (1993).
[Crossref]

Petrov, M. P.

S. I. Stepanov, V. V. Kulikov, and M. P. Petrov, ““Running” holograms in photorefractive BSO crystals,” Opt. Commun. 44, 19–23 (1982).
[Crossref]

Rabinovich, W. S.

W. S. Rabinovich, S. R. Bowman, D. S. Katzer, and C. S. Kyono, “Intrinsic multiple quantum well spatial light modulators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1044–1046 (1995).
[Crossref]

C. S. Kyono, K. Ikossi-Anastasiou, W. S. Rabinovich, S. R. Bowman, and D. S. Katzer, “GaAs/AlGaAs multiquantum well resonant photorefractive devices fabricated using epitaxial lift-off,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2244–2246 (1994).
[Crossref]

Stepanov, S. I.

S. I. Stepanov, V. V. Kulikov, and M. P. Petrov, ““Running” holograms in photorefractive BSO crystals,” Opt. Commun. 44, 19–23 (1982).
[Crossref]

Valley, G. C.

Wang, Q. N.

Q. N. Wang, R. M. Brubaker, D. D. Nolte, and M. R. Melloch, “Photorefractive Quantum Wells: Transverse Franz-Keldysh Geometry,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1626–1641 (1992).
[Crossref]

Q. N. Wang, D. D. Nolte, and M. R. Melloch, “Two-wave mixing in photorefractive AlGaAs/GaAs quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 256–258 (1991).
[Crossref]

Woodall, J. M.

I. Lahiri, D. D. Nolte, E. S. Harmon, M. R. Melloch, and J. M. Woodall, “Ultrafast-lifetime quantum wells with sharp exciton spectra,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2519–2521 (1995).
[Crossref]

Zydzik, G. J.

A. Partovi, A. M. Glass, D. H. Olson, G. J. Zydzik, H. M. O’Bryan, T. H. Chiu, and W. H. Knox, “Cr-doped GaAs/AlGaAs semi-insualting multiple quantum well photorefractive devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 464–466 (1993).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (8)

A. Partovi, A. M. Glass, D. H. Olson, G. J. Zydzik, H. M. O’Bryan, T. H. Chiu, and W. H. Knox, “Cr-doped GaAs/AlGaAs semi-insualting multiple quantum well photorefractive devices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 464–466 (1993).
[Crossref]

C. S. Kyono, K. Ikossi-Anastasiou, W. S. Rabinovich, S. R. Bowman, and D. S. Katzer, “GaAs/AlGaAs multiquantum well resonant photorefractive devices fabricated using epitaxial lift-off,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2244–2246 (1994).
[Crossref]

W. S. Rabinovich, S. R. Bowman, D. S. Katzer, and C. S. Kyono, “Intrinsic multiple quantum well spatial light modulators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1044–1046 (1995).
[Crossref]

I. Lahiri, K. M. Kwolek, D. D. Nolte, and M. R. Melloch, “Photorefractive p-i-n diode quantum well spatial light modulators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 1408–1410 (1995).
[Crossref]

I. Lahiri, M. Aguilar, D. D. Nolte, and M. R. Melloch, “High-efficiency stark-geometry photorefractive quantum wells with intrinsic cladding layers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 517–519 (1996).
[Crossref]

I. Lahiri, D. D. Nolte, E. S. Harmon, M. R. Melloch, and J. M. Woodall, “Ultrafast-lifetime quantum wells with sharp exciton spectra,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 2519–2521 (1995).
[Crossref]

Q. N. Wang, D. D. Nolte, and M. R. Melloch, “Two-wave mixing in photorefractive AlGaAs/GaAs quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 256–258 (1991).
[Crossref]

I. Lahiri, R. M. Brubaker, D. D. Nolte, and M. R. Melloch, “Two-wave mixing in Stark-geometry photorefractive quantum wells using moving gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 3414–3416 (1996).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Opt. Commun. (2)

S. I. Stepanov, V. V. Kulikov, and M. P. Petrov, ““Running” holograms in photorefractive BSO crystals,” Opt. Commun. 44, 19–23 (1982).
[Crossref]

J. P. Huignard and A. Marrakchi, “Coherent signal beam amplification in two-wave mixing experiments with photorefractive BSO crystals,” Opt. Commun. 38, 249–254 (1981).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (2)

D. D. Nolte, “Photorefractive transport and multi-wave mixing” in Photorefractive Effects and Materials, D. D. Nolte, ed. (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 1995).

D. D. Nolte and M. R. Melloch, “Photorefractive quantum wells and thin films” in Photorefractive Effects and Materials, D. D. Nolte, ed. (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 1995).

Supplementary Material (4)

» Media 1: MOV (46 KB)     
» Media 2: MOV (72 KB)     
» Media 3: MOV (62 KB)     
» Media 4: MOV (95 KB)     

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Video: The co-polarized (mixing) transmitted intensity upon copolarization demonstrates nonreciprocal energy transfer between the two laser beams. The cross-polarized state shows the transient electroabsorption of the device (no mixing). [Media 1]

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Video: The temporal response of the photorefractive gain for several detunings. The inset shows that the frequency of the oscillatory gain is equal to the frequency difference Ω between the two laser beams. [Media 2]

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Video: The temporal response of the (a) photorefractive gain and absorptive gain [Media 3], and (b) complex gain for different electric fields at a detuning of Ω = 7 kHz. The inset shows the peak transient response for increasing electric fields. [Media 4]

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Γ n = ( 1 2 L ) [ ( I 1 I 1 I 0 1 ) ( I 2 I 2 I 0 2 ) ]
Γ α = ( 1 2 L ) [ ( I 1 I 1 I 0 1 ) + ( I 2 I 2 I 0 2 ) ]
Γ ˜ ( t ) = Γ n ( t ) + i Γ α ( t )

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