Abstract

Noise evolution in an optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier (OPCPA) differs essentially from that of an optical parametric or a conventional laser amplifier, in that an incoherent pedestal is produced by superfluorescence that can overwhelm the signal under strong saturation. Using a model for the nonlinear dynamics consistent with quantum mechanics, we numerically study the evolution of excess noise in an OPCPA. The observed dynamics explain the macroscopic characteristics seen previously in experiments in the practically important saturation regime.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2009 (7)

X. Gu, G. Marcus, Y. Deng, T. Metzger, C. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, A. Baltuska, R. Butkus, V. Pervak, H. Ishizuki, T. Taira, T. Kobayashi, R. Kienberger, and F. Krausz, “Generation of carrier-envelope-phase-stable 2-cycle 740-μJ pulses at 2.1-μm carrier wavelength,” Opt. Express 17(1), 62–69 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Moses, C. Manzoni, S.-W. Huang, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kaertner, “Temporal optimization of ultrabroadband high-energy OPCPA,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5540–5555 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Moses, S.-W. Huang, K.-H. Hong, O. D. Mücke, E. L. Falcão-Filho, A. Benedick, F. Ö. Ilday, A. Dergachev, J. A. Bolger, B. J. Eggleton, and F. X. Kärtner, “Highly stable ultrabroadband mid-IR optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier optimized for superfluorescence suppression,” Opt. Lett. 34(11), 1639–1641 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Herrmann, L. Veisz, R. Tautz, F. Tavella, K. Schmid, V. Pervak, and F. Krausz, “Generation of sub-three-cycle, 16 TW light pulses by using noncollinear optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 34(16), 2459–2461 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. D. Mücke, S. Ališauskas, A. J. Verhoef, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, V. Smilgevičius, J. Pocius, L. Giniūnas, R. Danielius, and N. Forget, “Self-compression of millijoule 1.5 microm pulses,” Opt. Lett. 34(16), 2498–2500 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, D. Brida, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Optical-parametric-generation process driven by femtosecond pulses: timing and carrier-envelope phase properties,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033818 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(1), 163–234 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (4)

2007 (1)

2006 (3)

S. Witte, R. Th. Zinkstok, A. L. Wolf, W. Hogervorst, W. Ubachs, and K. S. E. Eikema, “A source of 2 terawatt, 2.7 cycle laser pulses based on noncollinear optical parametric chirped pulse amplification,” Opt. Express 14(18), 8168–8177 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Tavella, A. Marcinkevicius, and F. Krausz, “Investigation of the superfluorescence and signal amplification in an ultrabroadband multiterawatt optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier system,” N. J. Phys. 8(10), 219 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. P. Leemans, B. Nagler, A. J. Gonsalves, C. Tóth, K. Nakamura, C. G. R. Geddes, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, and S. M. Hooker, “GeV electron beams from a centimetre-scale accelerator,” Nat. Phys. 2(10), 696–699 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

F. Tavella, K. Schmid, N. Ishii, A. Marcinkevičius, L. Veisz, and F. Krausz, “High-dynamic range pulse-contrast measurements of a broadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 81(6), 753–756 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Yong-Liang, L. Yu-Xin, Z. Bao-Zhen, W. Cheng, L. Xiao-Yan, L. Hai-He, and X. Zhi-Zhan, “High and stable conversion efficiency obtaining in single-stage multi-crystal optical parametric chirped pulse amplification system,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 22(11), 2840–2842 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Forget, A. Cotel, E. Brambrink, P. Audebert, C. Le Blanc, A. Jullien, O. Albert, and G. Chériaux, “Pump-noise transfer in optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 30(21), 2921–2923 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

R. A. Snavely, M. H. Key, S. P. Hatchett, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, T. W. Phillips, M. A. Stoyer, E. A. Henry, T. C. Sangster, M. S. Singh, S. C. Wilks, A. MacKinnon, A. Offenberger, D. M. Pennington, K. Yasuike, A. B. Langdon, B. F. Lasinski, J. Johnson, M. D. Perry, and E. M. Campbell, “Intense high-energy proton beams from Petawatt-laser irradiation of solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(14), 2945–2948 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

T. T. Ditmire, J. Zweiback, V. P. Yanovsky, T. E. Cowan, G. Hays, and K. B. Wharton, “Nuclear fusion from explosions of femtosecond laser-heated deuterium clusters,” Nature 398(6727), 489–492 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 144(1-3), 125–133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatti, H. Wiedemann, L. A. Lugiato, I. Marzoli, G.-L. Oppo, and S. M. Barnett, “Langevin treatment of quantum fluctuations and optical patterns in optical parametric oscillators below threshold,” Phys. Rev. A 56(1), 877–897 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

P. Kinsler, “Testing quantum mechanics using third-order correlations,” Phys. Rev. A 53(4), 2000–2008 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (3)

F. X. Kärtner, T. Langer, Ch. Ginzel, and A. Schenzle, “Input-output analysis of nonlinear dissipative quantum systems in the Fokker-Planck approximation,” Phys. Rev. A 45(5), 3228–3241 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. X. Kärtner, R. Schack, and A. Schenzle, “Consistent linearization for quasiprobabilities,” J. Mod. Opt. 39(5), 917–925 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88(4-6), 437–440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

F. X. Kaertner and P. Russer, “Generation of squeezed microwave states by a dc-pumped degenerate parametric Josephson junction oscillator,” Phys. Rev. A 42(9), 5601–5612 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

P. D. Drummond, “Quantum optical tunneling: A representation-free theory valid near the state-equation turning points,” Phys. Rev. A 33(6), 4462–4464 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1979 (1)

F. Haake, H. King, G. Schröder, J. Haus, R. Glauber, and F. Hopf, “Macroscopic quantum fluctuations in superfluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 42(26), 1740–1743 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

S. E. Harris, M. K. Oshman, and R. L. Byer, “Observation of tunable optical parametric fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 18(18), 732–734 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Adachi, S.

Albert, O.

Ališauskas, S.

Audebert, P.

Baltuska, A.

Baltuška, A.

Bao-Zhen, Z.

J. Yong-Liang, L. Yu-Xin, Z. Bao-Zhen, W. Cheng, L. Xiao-Yan, L. Hai-He, and X. Zhi-Zhan, “High and stable conversion efficiency obtaining in single-stage multi-crystal optical parametric chirped pulse amplification system,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 22(11), 2840–2842 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Barnett, S. M.

A. Gatti, H. Wiedemann, L. A. Lugiato, I. Marzoli, G.-L. Oppo, and S. M. Barnett, “Langevin treatment of quantum fluctuations and optical patterns in optical parametric oscillators below threshold,” Phys. Rev. A 56(1), 877–897 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Benedick, A.

Blakeney, J.

Bolger, J. A.

Borger, T.

Brambrink, E.

Brida, D.

C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, D. Brida, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Optical-parametric-generation process driven by femtosecond pulses: timing and carrier-envelope phase properties,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033818 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, D. Brida, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Carrier-envelope phase stable, few-optical-cycle pulses tunable from visible to near IR,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), B62–B69 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Butkus, R.

Byer, R. L.

S. E. Harris, M. K. Oshman, and R. L. Byer, “Observation of tunable optical parametric fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 18(18), 732–734 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Caird, J.

Campbell, E. M.

R. A. Snavely, M. H. Key, S. P. Hatchett, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, T. W. Phillips, M. A. Stoyer, E. A. Henry, T. C. Sangster, M. S. Singh, S. C. Wilks, A. MacKinnon, A. Offenberger, D. M. Pennington, K. Yasuike, A. B. Langdon, B. F. Lasinski, J. Johnson, M. D. Perry, and E. M. Campbell, “Intense high-energy proton beams from Petawatt-laser irradiation of solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(14), 2945–2948 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cerullo, G.

Cheng, W.

J. Yong-Liang, L. Yu-Xin, Z. Bao-Zhen, W. Cheng, L. Xiao-Yan, L. Hai-He, and X. Zhi-Zhan, “High and stable conversion efficiency obtaining in single-stage multi-crystal optical parametric chirped pulse amplification system,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 22(11), 2840–2842 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chériaux, G.

Chwedenczuk, J.

J. Chwedeńczuk and W. Wasilewski, “Intensity of parametric fluorescence pumped by ultrashort pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 78(6), 063823 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cirmi, G.

C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, D. Brida, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Optical-parametric-generation process driven by femtosecond pulses: timing and carrier-envelope phase properties,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033818 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, D. Brida, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Carrier-envelope phase stable, few-optical-cycle pulses tunable from visible to near IR,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), B62–B69 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Collier, J. L.

I. N. Ross, P. Matousek, M. Towrie, A. J. Langley, and J. L. Collier, “The prospects for ultrashort pulse duration and ultrahigh intensity using optical parametric chirped pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 144(1-3), 125–133 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cotel, A.

Cowan, T. E.

R. A. Snavely, M. H. Key, S. P. Hatchett, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, T. W. Phillips, M. A. Stoyer, E. A. Henry, T. C. Sangster, M. S. Singh, S. C. Wilks, A. MacKinnon, A. Offenberger, D. M. Pennington, K. Yasuike, A. B. Langdon, B. F. Lasinski, J. Johnson, M. D. Perry, and E. M. Campbell, “Intense high-energy proton beams from Petawatt-laser irradiation of solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(14), 2945–2948 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. T. Ditmire, J. Zweiback, V. P. Yanovsky, T. E. Cowan, G. Hays, and K. B. Wharton, “Nuclear fusion from explosions of femtosecond laser-heated deuterium clusters,” Nature 398(6727), 489–492 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cross, R.

Danielius, R.

De Silvestri, S.

C. Manzoni, G. Cirmi, D. Brida, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Optical-parametric-generation process driven by femtosecond pulses: timing and carrier-envelope phase properties,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033818 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Cirmi, C. Manzoni, D. Brida, S. De Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Carrier-envelope phase stable, few-optical-cycle pulses tunable from visible to near IR,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(7), B62–B69 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Deng, Y.

Dergachev, A.

Ditmire, T.

Ditmire, T. T.

T. T. Ditmire, J. Zweiback, V. P. Yanovsky, T. E. Cowan, G. Hays, and K. B. Wharton, “Nuclear fusion from explosions of femtosecond laser-heated deuterium clusters,” Nature 398(6727), 489–492 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dorrer, C.

Douglas, S.

Drummond, P. D.

P. D. Drummond, “Quantum optical tunneling: A representation-free theory valid near the state-equation turning points,” Phys. Rev. A 33(6), 4462–4464 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dubietis, A.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonusauskas, and A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88(4-6), 437–440 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Dyer, G.

Ebbers, C.

Eggleton, B. J.

Eikema, K. S. E.

Erlandson, A.

Esarey, E.

W. P. Leemans, B. Nagler, A. J. Gonsalves, C. Tóth, K. Nakamura, C. G. R. Geddes, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, and S. M. Hooker, “GeV electron beams from a centimetre-scale accelerator,” Nat. Phys. 2(10), 696–699 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Escamilla, R.

Falcão-Filho, E. L.

Faure, J.

V. Malka, J. Faure, Y. A. Gauduel, E. Lefebvre, A. Rousse, and K. T. Phuoc, “Principles and applications of compact laser–plasma accelerators,” Nat. Phys. 4(6), 447–453 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Forget, N.

Fuji, T.

Gatti, A.

A. Gatti, H. Wiedemann, L. A. Lugiato, I. Marzoli, G.-L. Oppo, and S. M. Barnett, “Langevin treatment of quantum fluctuations and optical patterns in optical parametric oscillators below threshold,” Phys. Rev. A 56(1), 877–897 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gauduel, Y. A.

V. Malka, J. Faure, Y. A. Gauduel, E. Lefebvre, A. Rousse, and K. T. Phuoc, “Principles and applications of compact laser–plasma accelerators,” Nat. Phys. 4(6), 447–453 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gaul, E. W.

Geddes, C. G. R.

W. P. Leemans, B. Nagler, A. J. Gonsalves, C. Tóth, K. Nakamura, C. G. R. Geddes, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, and S. M. Hooker, “GeV electron beams from a centimetre-scale accelerator,” Nat. Phys. 2(10), 696–699 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Giniunas, L.

Ginzel, Ch.

F. X. Kärtner, T. Langer, Ch. Ginzel, and A. Schenzle, “Input-output analysis of nonlinear dissipative quantum systems in the Fokker-Planck approximation,” Phys. Rev. A 45(5), 3228–3241 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Glauber, R.

F. Haake, H. King, G. Schröder, J. Haus, R. Glauber, and F. Hopf, “Macroscopic quantum fluctuations in superfluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 42(26), 1740–1743 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Gonsalves, A. J.

W. P. Leemans, B. Nagler, A. J. Gonsalves, C. Tóth, K. Nakamura, C. G. R. Geddes, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, and S. M. Hooker, “GeV electron beams from a centimetre-scale accelerator,” Nat. Phys. 2(10), 696–699 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gu, X.

Haake, F.

F. Haake, H. King, G. Schröder, J. Haus, R. Glauber, and F. Hopf, “Macroscopic quantum fluctuations in superfluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 42(26), 1740–1743 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Hai-He, L.

J. Yong-Liang, L. Yu-Xin, Z. Bao-Zhen, W. Cheng, L. Xiao-Yan, L. Hai-He, and X. Zhi-Zhan, “High and stable conversion efficiency obtaining in single-stage multi-crystal optical parametric chirped pulse amplification system,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 22(11), 2840–2842 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hammond, D.

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R. A. Snavely, M. H. Key, S. P. Hatchett, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, T. W. Phillips, M. A. Stoyer, E. A. Henry, T. C. Sangster, M. S. Singh, S. C. Wilks, A. MacKinnon, A. Offenberger, D. M. Pennington, K. Yasuike, A. B. Langdon, B. F. Lasinski, J. Johnson, M. D. Perry, and E. M. Campbell, “Intense high-energy proton beams from Petawatt-laser irradiation of solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(14), 2945–2948 (2000).
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R. A. Snavely, M. H. Key, S. P. Hatchett, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, T. W. Phillips, M. A. Stoyer, E. A. Henry, T. C. Sangster, M. S. Singh, S. C. Wilks, A. MacKinnon, A. Offenberger, D. M. Pennington, K. Yasuike, A. B. Langdon, B. F. Lasinski, J. Johnson, M. D. Perry, and E. M. Campbell, “Intense high-energy proton beams from Petawatt-laser irradiation of solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(14), 2945–2948 (2000).
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R. A. Snavely, M. H. Key, S. P. Hatchett, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, T. W. Phillips, M. A. Stoyer, E. A. Henry, T. C. Sangster, M. S. Singh, S. C. Wilks, A. MacKinnon, A. Offenberger, D. M. Pennington, K. Yasuike, A. B. Langdon, B. F. Lasinski, J. Johnson, M. D. Perry, and E. M. Campbell, “Intense high-energy proton beams from Petawatt-laser irradiation of solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(14), 2945–2948 (2000).
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D. Herrmann, L. Veisz, R. Tautz, F. Tavella, K. Schmid, V. Pervak, and F. Krausz, “Generation of sub-three-cycle, 16 TW light pulses by using noncollinear optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 34(16), 2459–2461 (2009).
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F. Tavella, K. Schmid, N. Ishii, A. Marcinkevičius, L. Veisz, and F. Krausz, “High-dynamic range pulse-contrast measurements of a broadband optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier,” Appl. Phys. B 81(6), 753–756 (2005).
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F. Haake, H. King, G. Schröder, J. Haus, R. Glauber, and F. Hopf, “Macroscopic quantum fluctuations in superfluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 42(26), 1740–1743 (1979).
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W. P. Leemans, B. Nagler, A. J. Gonsalves, C. Tóth, K. Nakamura, C. G. R. Geddes, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, and S. M. Hooker, “GeV electron beams from a centimetre-scale accelerator,” Nat. Phys. 2(10), 696–699 (2006).
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Tavella, F.

D. Herrmann, L. Veisz, R. Tautz, F. Tavella, K. Schmid, V. Pervak, and F. Krausz, “Generation of sub-three-cycle, 16 TW light pulses by using noncollinear optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 34(16), 2459–2461 (2009).
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W. P. Leemans, B. Nagler, A. J. Gonsalves, C. Tóth, K. Nakamura, C. G. R. Geddes, E. Esarey, C. B. Schroeder, and S. M. Hooker, “GeV electron beams from a centimetre-scale accelerator,” Nat. Phys. 2(10), 696–699 (2006).
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D. Herrmann, L. Veisz, R. Tautz, F. Tavella, K. Schmid, V. Pervak, and F. Krausz, “Generation of sub-three-cycle, 16 TW light pulses by using noncollinear optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 34(16), 2459–2461 (2009).
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A. Gatti, H. Wiedemann, L. A. Lugiato, I. Marzoli, G.-L. Oppo, and S. M. Barnett, “Langevin treatment of quantum fluctuations and optical patterns in optical parametric oscillators below threshold,” Phys. Rev. A 56(1), 877–897 (1997).
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R. A. Snavely, M. H. Key, S. P. Hatchett, T. E. Cowan, M. Roth, T. W. Phillips, M. A. Stoyer, E. A. Henry, T. C. Sangster, M. S. Singh, S. C. Wilks, A. MacKinnon, A. Offenberger, D. M. Pennington, K. Yasuike, A. B. Langdon, B. F. Lasinski, J. Johnson, M. D. Perry, and E. M. Campbell, “Intense high-energy proton beams from Petawatt-laser irradiation of solids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(14), 2945–2948 (2000).
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J. Yong-Liang, L. Yu-Xin, Z. Bao-Zhen, W. Cheng, L. Xiao-Yan, L. Hai-He, and X. Zhi-Zhan, “High and stable conversion efficiency obtaining in single-stage multi-crystal optical parametric chirped pulse amplification system,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 22(11), 2840–2842 (2005).
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