Abstract

We describe the performance of a reflective pulse-shaper based on a Micro-ElectroMechanical System (MEMS) linear mirror array. It represents a substantial upgrade of a preceding release [Opt. Lett. 35, 3102 (2010)] as it allows simultaneous piston and tilt mirror motion, allowing both phase- and binary amplitude-shaping with no wavelength restriction. Moreover, we show how the combination of in-axis and tilt movement can be used for active correction of spatial chirp.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

2010 (4)

2009 (5)

F. Frei, A. Galler, and T. Feurer, “Space-time coupling in femtosecond pulse shaping and its effects on coherent control,” J. Chem. Phys. 130, 034302 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Rondi, J. Extermann, L. Bonacina, S. M. Weber, and J. P. Wolf, “Characterization of a mems-based pulse-shaping device in the deep ultraviolet,” Appl. Phys. B 96, 757–761 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Mohring, T. Buckup, C. S. Lehmann, and M. Motzkus, “Generation of phase-controlled ultraviolet pulses and characterization by a simple autocorrelator setup,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 1538–1544 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Roth, L. Guyon, J. Roslund, V. Boutou, F. Courvoisier, J. P. Wolf, and H. Rabitz, “Quantum control of tightly competitive product channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Tanigawa, Y. Sakakibara, S.B. Fang, T. Sekikawa, and M. Yamashita, “Spatial light modulator of 648 pixels with liquid crystal transparent from ultraviolet to near-infrared and its chirp compensation application,” Opt. Lett. 34, 1696–1698 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

B. J. Sussman, R. Lausten, and A. Stolow, “Focusing of light following a 4-f pulse shaper: Considerations for quantum control,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 043416 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, “Generation of tunable 7 fs ultraviolet pulses: achromatic phase matching and chirp management,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 1027–1032 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Dantus and V. V. Lozovoy, “Experimental coherent laser control of physicochemical processes,” Chem. Rev. 104, 1813–1859 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

M. Hacker, G. Stobrawa, R. Sauerbrey, T. Buckup, M. Motzkus, M. Wildenhain, and A. Gehner, “Micromirror SLM for femtosecond pulse shaping in the ultraviolet,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 711–714 (2003).

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

T. Brixner, N. H. Damrauer, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, “Photoselective adaptive femtosecond quantum control in the liquid phase,” Nature 414, 57–60 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929–1960 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1998 (2)

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 282, 919–922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Meshulach and Y. Silberberg, “Coherent quantum control of two-photon transitions by a femtosecond laser pulse,” Nature 396, 239–242 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277–3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

M. M. Wefers and K. A. Nelson, “Space-time profiles of shaped ultrafast optical waveforms,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 161–172 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1988 (1)

1986 (1)

Akturk, S.

S. Akturk, X. Gu, P. Bowlan, and R. Trebino, “Spatio-temporal couplings in ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Opt. 12, 093001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Assion, A.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 282, 919–922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barthelemy, M.

S. Weber, M. Barthelemy, and B. Chatel, “Direct shaping of tunable UV ultra-short pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 98, 323–326 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Baum, P.

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, “Generation of tunable 7 fs ultraviolet pulses: achromatic phase matching and chirp management,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 1027–1032 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Baumert, T.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 282, 919–922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bergt, M.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 282, 919–922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bonacina, L.

Boutou, V.

M. Roth, L. Guyon, J. Roslund, V. Boutou, F. Courvoisier, J. P. Wolf, and H. Rabitz, “Quantum control of tightly competitive product channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bowlan, P.

S. Akturk, X. Gu, P. Bowlan, and R. Trebino, “Spatio-temporal couplings in ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Opt. 12, 093001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Brixner, T.

T. Brixner, N. H. Damrauer, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, “Photoselective adaptive femtosecond quantum control in the liquid phase,” Nature 414, 57–60 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 282, 919–922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Buckup, T.

J. Mohring, T. Buckup, C. S. Lehmann, and M. Motzkus, “Generation of phase-controlled ultraviolet pulses and characterization by a simple autocorrelator setup,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 1538–1544 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Hacker, G. Stobrawa, R. Sauerbrey, T. Buckup, M. Motzkus, M. Wildenhain, and A. Gehner, “Micromirror SLM for femtosecond pulse shaping in the ultraviolet,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 711–714 (2003).

Chatel, B.

S. Weber, M. Barthelemy, and B. Chatel, “Direct shaping of tunable UV ultra-short pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 98, 323–326 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Coudreau, S.

Courvoisier, F.

M. Roth, L. Guyon, J. Roslund, V. Boutou, F. Courvoisier, J. P. Wolf, and H. Rabitz, “Quantum control of tightly competitive product channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Damrauer, N. H.

T. Brixner, N. H. Damrauer, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, “Photoselective adaptive femtosecond quantum control in the liquid phase,” Nature 414, 57–60 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dantus, M.

M. Dantus and V. V. Lozovoy, “Experimental coherent laser control of physicochemical processes,” Chem. Rev. 104, 1813–1859 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

DeLong, K. W.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277–3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Extermann, J.

Fang, S.B.

Feurer, T.

F. Frei, A. Galler, and T. Feurer, “Space-time coupling in femtosecond pulse shaping and its effects on coherent control,” J. Chem. Phys. 130, 034302 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Feurer, J. C. Vaughan, R. M. Koehl, and K. A. Nelson, “Multidimensional control of femtosecond pulses by use of a programmable liquid-crystal matrix,” Opt. Lett. 27, 652–654 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fittinghoff, D. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277–3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Frei, F.

F. Frei, A. Galler, and T. Feurer, “Space-time coupling in femtosecond pulse shaping and its effects on coherent control,” J. Chem. Phys. 130, 034302 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Galler, A.

F. Frei, A. Galler, and T. Feurer, “Space-time coupling in femtosecond pulse shaping and its effects on coherent control,” J. Chem. Phys. 130, 034302 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gehner, A.

M. Hacker, G. Stobrawa, R. Sauerbrey, T. Buckup, M. Motzkus, M. Wildenhain, and A. Gehner, “Micromirror SLM for femtosecond pulse shaping in the ultraviolet,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 711–714 (2003).

Gerber, G.

T. Brixner, N. H. Damrauer, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, “Photoselective adaptive femtosecond quantum control in the liquid phase,” Nature 414, 57–60 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 282, 919–922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Giessen, H.

Gu, X.

S. Akturk, X. Gu, P. Bowlan, and R. Trebino, “Spatio-temporal couplings in ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Opt. 12, 093001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Guyon, L.

M. Roth, L. Guyon, J. Roslund, V. Boutou, F. Courvoisier, J. P. Wolf, and H. Rabitz, “Quantum control of tightly competitive product channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hacker, M.

M. Hacker, G. Stobrawa, R. Sauerbrey, T. Buckup, M. Motzkus, M. Wildenhain, and A. Gehner, “Micromirror SLM for femtosecond pulse shaping in the ultraviolet,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 711–714 (2003).

Heritage, J. P.

Kane, D. J.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277–3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kaplan, D.

Kiefer, B.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 282, 919–922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kirschner, E. M.

Kiselev, D.

Koehl, R. M.

Krebs, N.

Krumbugel, M. A.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277–3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kuhl, J.

Lausten, R.

B. J. Sussman, R. Lausten, and A. Stolow, “Focusing of light following a 4-f pulse shaper: Considerations for quantum control,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 043416 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lehmann, C. S.

Linden, S.

Lochbrunner, S.

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, “Generation of tunable 7 fs ultraviolet pulses: achromatic phase matching and chirp management,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 1027–1032 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lozovoy, V. V.

M. Dantus and V. V. Lozovoy, “Experimental coherent laser control of physicochemical processes,” Chem. Rev. 104, 1813–1859 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martinez, O. E.

Meshulach, D.

D. Meshulach and Y. Silberberg, “Coherent quantum control of two-photon transitions by a femtosecond laser pulse,” Nature 396, 239–242 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mohring, J.

Motzkus, M.

J. Mohring, T. Buckup, C. S. Lehmann, and M. Motzkus, “Generation of phase-controlled ultraviolet pulses and characterization by a simple autocorrelator setup,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26, 1538–1544 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Hacker, G. Stobrawa, R. Sauerbrey, T. Buckup, M. Motzkus, M. Wildenhain, and A. Gehner, “Micromirror SLM for femtosecond pulse shaping in the ultraviolet,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 711–714 (2003).

Nelson, K. A.

Niklaus, P.

T. Brixner, N. H. Damrauer, P. Niklaus, and G. Gerber, “Photoselective adaptive femtosecond quantum control in the liquid phase,” Nature 414, 57–60 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Noell, W.

Oron, D.

Pearson, B. J.

Probst, R. A.

Rabitz, H.

M. Roth, L. Guyon, J. Roslund, V. Boutou, F. Courvoisier, J. P. Wolf, and H. Rabitz, “Quantum control of tightly competitive product channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Richman, B. A.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277–3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Riedle, E.

N. Krebs, R. A. Probst, and E. Riedle, “Sub-20 fs pulses shaped directly in the UV by an acousto-optic programmable dispersive filter,” Opt. Express 18, 6164–6171 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, “Generation of tunable 7 fs ultraviolet pulses: achromatic phase matching and chirp management,” Appl. Phys. B 79, 1027–1032 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rondi, A.

A. Rondi, J. Extermann, L. Bonacina, S. M. Weber, and J. P. Wolf, “Characterization of a mems-based pulse-shaping device in the deep ultraviolet,” Appl. Phys. B 96, 757–761 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rooij, N. F.

Roslund, J.

M. Roth, L. Guyon, J. Roslund, V. Boutou, F. Courvoisier, J. P. Wolf, and H. Rabitz, “Quantum control of tightly competitive product channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roth, M.

M. Roth, L. Guyon, J. Roslund, V. Boutou, F. Courvoisier, J. P. Wolf, and H. Rabitz, “Quantum control of tightly competitive product channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 253001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sakakibara, Y.

Sauerbrey, R.

M. Hacker, G. Stobrawa, R. Sauerbrey, T. Buckup, M. Motzkus, M. Wildenhain, and A. Gehner, “Micromirror SLM for femtosecond pulse shaping in the ultraviolet,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 711–714 (2003).

Sekikawa, T.

Seyfried, V.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 282, 919–922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Silberberg, Y.

D. Oron, E. Tal, and Y. Silberberg, “Scanningless depth-resolved microscopy,” Opt. Express 13, 1468–1476 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Meshulach and Y. Silberberg, “Coherent quantum control of two-photon transitions by a femtosecond laser pulse,” Nature 396, 239–242 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Stobrawa, G.

M. Hacker, G. Stobrawa, R. Sauerbrey, T. Buckup, M. Motzkus, M. Wildenhain, and A. Gehner, “Micromirror SLM for femtosecond pulse shaping in the ultraviolet,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 711–714 (2003).

Stolow, A.

B. J. Sussman, R. Lausten, and A. Stolow, “Focusing of light following a 4-f pulse shaper: Considerations for quantum control,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 043416 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Strehle, M.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, “Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 282, 919–922 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sussman, B. J.

B. J. Sussman, R. Lausten, and A. Stolow, “Focusing of light following a 4-f pulse shaper: Considerations for quantum control,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 043416 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sweetser, J. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277–3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tal, E.

Tanigawa, T.

Tournois, P.

Trebino, R.

S. Akturk, X. Gu, P. Bowlan, and R. Trebino, “Spatio-temporal couplings in ultrashort laser pulses,” J. Opt. 12, 093001 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277–3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Vaughan, J. C.

Waldis, S.

Weber, S.

S. Weber, M. Barthelemy, and B. Chatel, “Direct shaping of tunable UV ultra-short pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 98, 323–326 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Weber, S. M.

Wefers, M. M.

M. M. Wefers and K. A. Nelson, “Space-time profiles of shaped ultrafast optical waveforms,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 161–172 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Wefers and K. A. Nelson, “Analysis of programmable ultrashort wave-form generation using liquid-crystal spatial light modulators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1343–1362 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Weinacht, T. C.

Weiner, A. M.

A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 71, 1929–1960 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Weiner, J. P. Heritage, and E. M. Kirschner, “High-resolution femtosecond pulse shaping,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1563–1572 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Wildenhain, M.

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Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: AVI (17919 KB)     

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Media 1) Spectral amplitude modulation. First column: white-light interferometry profile of the MEMS device region addressed. The horizontal dashed lines indicate the deflected (D) and undeflected (U) mirrors in the three different cases corresponding to the three rows: 9 (first row), 18 (second row), and 24 (third row) mirrors in the deflected state. The vertical arrows indicate the position of the two nonworking mirrors. Second column: output beam profile measured for the different MEMS actuation conditions. Third and fourth column: spectral intensity acquired for the deflected and undeflected beam, respectively. The two red arrows indicate the spectral position of the two nonworking mirrors.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Time-domain modulation by amplitude shaping. Spectra recorded for the deflected beams when every even (A) or odd (B) mirror is tilted. (C) Typical XFROG resulting from applying an alternating tilted/untilted mirror pattern. In the symbolic mirrors representations in the top right corners of the plots, the blue elements correspond to the observed beam portion in the plots.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Interference between two isolated spectral portions. Temporal cross-correlation traces revealing the effect of interferences between two isolated spectral portions for the undeflected (A) and the deflected (B) beam for a relative phase-shift Δϕ of 0 (solid line) and π (dashed line). The blue elements in the symbolic representation indicate the two mirrors spectrally associated to the two interfering beam components. The theoretical temporal shaping-window allowed by the the setup is superimposed as a reference (dotted-dash line).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spatial chirp control. First row: spatial distribution along the horizontal axis of the pulse frequencies associated to three different angular MEMS patterns. Second row: corresponding spectrally integrated intensity. (A) tilt angle linearly increasing as a function of wavelength; (B) no tilting; (C) tilt angle linearly decreasing as a function of wavelength. The stripes out of the trend at 405 and 411 nm are due to the non-working mirrors, indicated by the red arrows in Fig. 1.

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