Abstract

Electric field (E field) distributions of the silver rod-film nanostructures are calculated by the finite difference time domain method and compared with those of the individual nanorods. For the rod-film nanostructure, the incident waves are reflected back by the base layer and the superposition of the E fields of the incident wave and the reflection wave works as the excitation for the transverse mode electron oscillations in the nanorod, which results in the much enhanced E fields around the lateral surface of the nanorod. In addition, we investigate how the structural parameters of the rod-film nanostructure affect the E fields along the nanorod. These results would be much helpful for designing larger intensity surface enhanced Raman scattering substrates.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2010 (6)

2009 (1)

X.-M. Lin, Y. Cui, Y.-H. Xu, B. Ren, and Z.-Q. Tian, “Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy: substrate-related issues,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 394(7), 1729–1745 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

J. D. Driskell, S. Shanmukh, Y.-J. Liu, S. B. Chaney, X.-J. Tang, Y.-P. Zhao, and R. A. Dluhy, “The use of aligned silver nanorod arrays prepared by oblique angle deposition as surface enhanced Raman scattering substrates,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 895–901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

2006 (1)

Y.-J. Liu, J.-G. Fan, Y.-P. Zhao, S. Shanmukh, and R. A. Dluhy, “Angle dependent surface enhanced Raman scattering obtained from a Ag nanorod array substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(17), 173134 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

S. B. Chaney, S. Shanmukh, R. A. Dluhy, and Y.-P. Zhao, “Aligned silver nanorod arrays produce high sensitivity surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(3), 031908–031910 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Local refractive index dependence of plasmon resonance spectra from individual nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 3(4), 485–491 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Xu, M. Tazawa, P. Jin, S. Nakao, and K. Yoshimura, “Wavelength tuning of surface plasmon resonance using dielectric layers on silver island films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(22), 3811–3813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

Z.-Q. Tian, B. Ren, and D.-Y. Wu, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering: from noble to transition metals and from rough surface to ordered nanostructures,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(37), 9463–9483 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

A. Campion and P. Kambhampati, “Surface enhanced Raman scattering,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 27(4), 241–250 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Vo-Dinh, “Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy using metallic nanostructures,” Trends Analyt. Chem. 17(8-9), 557–582 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

K. Yee, “Numerical solution of initial boundary value problems involving Maxwell’s equations in isotropic media,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 14(3), 302–307 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Berkovitch, N.

Campion, A.

A. Campion and P. Kambhampati, “Surface enhanced Raman scattering,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 27(4), 241–250 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chaney, S. B.

J. D. Driskell, S. Shanmukh, Y.-J. Liu, S. B. Chaney, X.-J. Tang, Y.-P. Zhao, and R. A. Dluhy, “The use of aligned silver nanorod arrays prepared by oblique angle deposition as surface enhanced Raman scattering substrates,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 895–901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. B. Chaney, S. Shanmukh, R. A. Dluhy, and Y.-P. Zhao, “Aligned silver nanorod arrays produce high sensitivity surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(3), 031908–031910 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chang, C.-H.

Chang, C.-W.

Cheng, M.-T.

Chu, H. V.

Chui, H.-C.

Coronado, E.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cui, Y.

X.-M. Lin, Y. Cui, Y.-H. Xu, B. Ren, and Z.-Q. Tian, “Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy: substrate-related issues,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 394(7), 1729–1745 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dluhy, R. A.

J. D. Driskell, S. Shanmukh, Y.-J. Liu, S. B. Chaney, X.-J. Tang, Y.-P. Zhao, and R. A. Dluhy, “The use of aligned silver nanorod arrays prepared by oblique angle deposition as surface enhanced Raman scattering substrates,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 895–901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y.-J. Liu, J.-G. Fan, Y.-P. Zhao, S. Shanmukh, and R. A. Dluhy, “Angle dependent surface enhanced Raman scattering obtained from a Ag nanorod array substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(17), 173134 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. B. Chaney, S. Shanmukh, R. A. Dluhy, and Y.-P. Zhao, “Aligned silver nanorod arrays produce high sensitivity surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(3), 031908–031910 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Driskell, J. D.

J. D. Driskell, S. Shanmukh, Y.-J. Liu, S. B. Chaney, X.-J. Tang, Y.-P. Zhao, and R. A. Dluhy, “The use of aligned silver nanorod arrays prepared by oblique angle deposition as surface enhanced Raman scattering substrates,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 895–901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fan, J.-G.

Y.-J. Liu, J.-G. Fan, Y.-P. Zhao, S. Shanmukh, and R. A. Dluhy, “Angle dependent surface enhanced Raman scattering obtained from a Ag nanorod array substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(17), 173134 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Friberg, A. T.

Gai, H.-F.

Ginzburg, P.

Hao, Z.-H.

He, Y.-P.

Q. Zhou, Y.-J. Liu, Y.-P. He, Z.-J. Zhang, and Y.-P. Zhao, “The effect of underlayer thin films on the surface-enhanced Raman scattering response of Ag nanorod substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(12), 121902 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huang, C.-H.

Huang, Y.-W.

Iyer, S.

Jin, P.

G. Xu, M. Tazawa, P. Jin, S. Nakao, and K. Yoshimura, “Wavelength tuning of surface plasmon resonance using dielectric layers on silver island films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(22), 3811–3813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kambhampati, P.

A. Campion and P. Kambhampati, “Surface enhanced Raman scattering,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 27(4), 241–250 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, K. L.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, N.-C.

Lan, Y.-C.

Lerman, G. M.

Levy, U.

Li, J.-B.

Lin, H.-Y.

Lin, X.-M.

X.-M. Lin, Y. Cui, Y.-H. Xu, B. Ren, and Z.-Q. Tian, “Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy: substrate-related issues,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 394(7), 1729–1745 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, S.-D.

Liu, Y.-J.

Q. Zhou, Y.-J. Liu, Y.-P. He, Z.-J. Zhang, and Y.-P. Zhao, “The effect of underlayer thin films on the surface-enhanced Raman scattering response of Ag nanorod substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(12), 121902 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Driskell, S. Shanmukh, Y.-J. Liu, S. B. Chaney, X.-J. Tang, Y.-P. Zhao, and R. A. Dluhy, “The use of aligned silver nanorod arrays prepared by oblique angle deposition as surface enhanced Raman scattering substrates,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 895–901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. V. Chu, Y.-J. Liu, Y.-W. Huang, and Y.-P. Zhao, “A high sensitive fiber SERS probe based on silver nanorod arrays,” Opt. Express 15(19), 12230–12239 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-J. Liu, J.-G. Fan, Y.-P. Zhao, S. Shanmukh, and R. A. Dluhy, “Angle dependent surface enhanced Raman scattering obtained from a Ag nanorod array substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(17), 173134 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mock, J. J.

J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Local refractive index dependence of plasmon resonance spectra from individual nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 3(4), 485–491 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nakao, S.

G. Xu, M. Tazawa, P. Jin, S. Nakao, and K. Yoshimura, “Wavelength tuning of surface plasmon resonance using dielectric layers on silver island films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(22), 3811–3813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Normatov, A.

Orenstein, M.

Popov, S.

Ren, B.

X.-M. Lin, Y. Cui, Y.-H. Xu, B. Ren, and Z.-Q. Tian, “Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy: substrate-related issues,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 394(7), 1729–1745 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z.-Q. Tian, B. Ren, and D.-Y. Wu, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering: from noble to transition metals and from rough surface to ordered nanostructures,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(37), 9463–9483 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schatz, G. C.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schultz, S.

J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Local refractive index dependence of plasmon resonance spectra from individual nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 3(4), 485–491 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shanmukh, S.

J. D. Driskell, S. Shanmukh, Y.-J. Liu, S. B. Chaney, X.-J. Tang, Y.-P. Zhao, and R. A. Dluhy, “The use of aligned silver nanorod arrays prepared by oblique angle deposition as surface enhanced Raman scattering substrates,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 895–901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y.-J. Liu, J.-G. Fan, Y.-P. Zhao, S. Shanmukh, and R. A. Dluhy, “Angle dependent surface enhanced Raman scattering obtained from a Ag nanorod array substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(17), 173134 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. B. Chaney, S. Shanmukh, R. A. Dluhy, and Y.-P. Zhao, “Aligned silver nanorod arrays produce high sensitivity surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(3), 031908–031910 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. R.

J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Local refractive index dependence of plasmon resonance spectra from individual nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 3(4), 485–491 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tang, X.-J.

J. D. Driskell, S. Shanmukh, Y.-J. Liu, S. B. Chaney, X.-J. Tang, Y.-P. Zhao, and R. A. Dluhy, “The use of aligned silver nanorod arrays prepared by oblique angle deposition as surface enhanced Raman scattering substrates,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 895–901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tazawa, M.

G. Xu, M. Tazawa, P. Jin, S. Nakao, and K. Yoshimura, “Wavelength tuning of surface plasmon resonance using dielectric layers on silver island films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(22), 3811–3813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tian, Q.

Tian, Z.-Q.

X.-M. Lin, Y. Cui, Y.-H. Xu, B. Ren, and Z.-Q. Tian, “Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy: substrate-related issues,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 394(7), 1729–1745 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z.-Q. Tian, B. Ren, and D.-Y. Wu, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering: from noble to transition metals and from rough surface to ordered nanostructures,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(37), 9463–9483 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tseng, H.-C.

Vo-Dinh, T.

T. Vo-Dinh, “Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy using metallic nanostructures,” Trends Analyt. Chem. 17(8-9), 557–582 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Wang, Q.-Q.

Wu, D.-Y.

Z.-Q. Tian, B. Ren, and D.-Y. Wu, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering: from noble to transition metals and from rough surface to ordered nanostructures,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(37), 9463–9483 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xu, G.

G. Xu, M. Tazawa, P. Jin, S. Nakao, and K. Yoshimura, “Wavelength tuning of surface plasmon resonance using dielectric layers on silver island films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(22), 3811–3813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Y.-H.

X.-M. Lin, Y. Cui, Y.-H. Xu, B. Ren, and Z.-Q. Tian, “Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy: substrate-related issues,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 394(7), 1729–1745 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yanai, A.

Yang, Z.-J.

Yee, K.

K. Yee, “Numerical solution of initial boundary value problems involving Maxwell’s equations in isotropic media,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 14(3), 302–307 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Yoshimura, K.

G. Xu, M. Tazawa, P. Jin, S. Nakao, and K. Yoshimura, “Wavelength tuning of surface plasmon resonance using dielectric layers on silver island films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(22), 3811–3813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z.-J.

Q. Zhou, Y.-J. Liu, Y.-P. He, Z.-J. Zhang, and Y.-P. Zhao, “The effect of underlayer thin films on the surface-enhanced Raman scattering response of Ag nanorod substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(12), 121902 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z.-Y.

Z.-Y. Zhang and Y.-P. Zhao, “Extinction spectra and electrical field enhancement of Ag nanorods with different topologic shapes,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(11), 113308 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, L. L.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.-P.

Q. Zhou, Y.-J. Liu, Y.-P. He, Z.-J. Zhang, and Y.-P. Zhao, “The effect of underlayer thin films on the surface-enhanced Raman scattering response of Ag nanorod substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(12), 121902 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Driskell, S. Shanmukh, Y.-J. Liu, S. B. Chaney, X.-J. Tang, Y.-P. Zhao, and R. A. Dluhy, “The use of aligned silver nanorod arrays prepared by oblique angle deposition as surface enhanced Raman scattering substrates,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 895–901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. V. Chu, Y.-J. Liu, Y.-W. Huang, and Y.-P. Zhao, “A high sensitive fiber SERS probe based on silver nanorod arrays,” Opt. Express 15(19), 12230–12239 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z.-Y. Zhang and Y.-P. Zhao, “Extinction spectra and electrical field enhancement of Ag nanorods with different topologic shapes,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(11), 113308 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y.-J. Liu, J.-G. Fan, Y.-P. Zhao, S. Shanmukh, and R. A. Dluhy, “Angle dependent surface enhanced Raman scattering obtained from a Ag nanorod array substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(17), 173134 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. B. Chaney, S. Shanmukh, R. A. Dluhy, and Y.-P. Zhao, “Aligned silver nanorod arrays produce high sensitivity surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(3), 031908–031910 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Q.

Q. Zhou, Y.-J. Liu, Y.-P. He, Z.-J. Zhang, and Y.-P. Zhao, “The effect of underlayer thin films on the surface-enhanced Raman scattering response of Ag nanorod substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(12), 121902 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Bioanal. Chem. (1)

X.-M. Lin, Y. Cui, Y.-H. Xu, B. Ren, and Z.-Q. Tian, “Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy: substrate-related issues,” Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 394(7), 1729–1745 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

Q. Zhou, Y.-J. Liu, Y.-P. He, Z.-J. Zhang, and Y.-P. Zhao, “The effect of underlayer thin films on the surface-enhanced Raman scattering response of Ag nanorod substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(12), 121902 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. B. Chaney, S. Shanmukh, R. A. Dluhy, and Y.-P. Zhao, “Aligned silver nanorod arrays produce high sensitivity surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(3), 031908–031910 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y.-J. Liu, J.-G. Fan, Y.-P. Zhao, S. Shanmukh, and R. A. Dluhy, “Angle dependent surface enhanced Raman scattering obtained from a Ag nanorod array substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(17), 173134 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Xu, M. Tazawa, P. Jin, S. Nakao, and K. Yoshimura, “Wavelength tuning of surface plasmon resonance using dielectric layers on silver island films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(22), 3811–3813 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Soc. Rev. (1)

A. Campion and P. Kambhampati, “Surface enhanced Raman scattering,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 27(4), 241–250 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. (1)

K. Yee, “Numerical solution of initial boundary value problems involving Maxwell’s equations in isotropic media,” IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 14(3), 302–307 (1966).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Z.-Y. Zhang and Y.-P. Zhao, “Extinction spectra and electrical field enhancement of Ag nanorods with different topologic shapes,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(11), 113308 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. B (2)

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Z.-Q. Tian, B. Ren, and D.-Y. Wu, “Surface-enhanced Raman scattering: from noble to transition metals and from rough surface to ordered nanostructures,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106(37), 9463–9483 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

J. D. Driskell, S. Shanmukh, Y.-J. Liu, S. B. Chaney, X.-J. Tang, Y.-P. Zhao, and R. A. Dluhy, “The use of aligned silver nanorod arrays prepared by oblique angle deposition as surface enhanced Raman scattering substrates,” J. Phys. Chem. C 112, 895–901 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (1)

J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Local refractive index dependence of plasmon resonance spectra from individual nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 3(4), 485–491 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

Trends Analyt. Chem. (1)

T. Vo-Dinh, “Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy using metallic nanostructures,” Trends Analyt. Chem. 17(8-9), 557–582 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons (Springer, Berlin, 1988).

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