Abstract

The degree of coherence of a partially coherent monochromatic optical field is measured with a dual-dipole phased-array antenna coupled to a metal-oxide-metal tunnel diode detector. For a two-element phased-array, the degree of coherence is a measure of the correlation of electric fields received by the antennas as a function of the element separation. To extract the coherence function from the measured antenna response, a calibration method is developed to remove propagation loss and device nonuniformity. Measurements at 10.6 µm are substantiated by electromagnetic simulations and compared to the result derived from the Van Cittert-Zernike theorem.

© 2011 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. Bean, B. Tiwari, G. Szakmany, G. Bernstein, P. Fay, and W. Porod, “Antenna length and polarization response of antenna-coupled MOM diode infrared detectors,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 53(3), 182–185 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  2. B. A. Slovick, J. A. Bean, P. M. Krenz, and G. D. Boreman, “Directional control of infrared antenna-coupled tunnel diodes,” Opt. Express 18(20), 20960–20967 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. Wen, S. Romanov, and U. Peschel, “Excitation of plasmonic gap waveguides by nanoantennas,” Opt. Express 17(8), 5925–5932 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. P. M. Krenz, R. L. Olmon, B. A. Lail, M. B. Raschke, and G. D. Boreman, “Near-field measurement of infrared coplanar strip transmission line attenuation and propagation constants,” Opt. Express 18(21), 21678–21686 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. W. Goodman, Statistical Optics, (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1985).
  6. A. R. Thompson, J. M. Moran, and G. W. Swenson, Interferometry and synthesis in radio astronomy, (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 2001).
  7. M. A. Johnson, A. L. Betz, and C. H. Townes, “10-µm heterodyne stellar interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 33(27), 1617–1620 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Brustlein, L. Del Rio, A. Tonello, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, H. Herrmann, and W. Sohler, “Laboratory demonstration of an infrared-to-visible up-conversion interferometer for spatial coherence analysis,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(15), 153903 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. C. Middlebrook, M. Roggemann, G. Boreman, N. Subotic, K. Cooper, W. Buller, W. Yang, and J. Alda, “Measurement of the Mutual Coherence Function of an Incoherent Infrared Field with a Gold Nano-wire Dipole Antenna Array,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 29(2), 179–187 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. M. Krenz, B. A. Lail, and G. D. Boreman, “Calibration of lead-line response contribution in measured radiation patterns of IR dipole arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 17(1), 218–221 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  11. L. Mandel, and E. Wolf, Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics, (Cambridge Press, New York, 1995).
  12. J. Ginn, B. Lail, D. Shelton, J. Tharp, W. Folks, and G. Boreman, “Characterizing Infrared Frequency Selective Surfaces on Dispersive Media,” ACES J. 22, 184–188 (2007).
  13. A. Sanchez, C. F. Davis, K. C. Liu, and A. Javan, “The MOM tunneling diode: theoretical estimate of its performance at microwave and infrared frequencies,” J. Appl. Phys. 49(10), 5270–5277 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  14. I. Codreanu, F. González, and G. Boreman, “Detection Mechanisms in microstrip antenna-coupled infrared detectors,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 44(3), 155–163 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  15. P. M. Krenz, R. L. Olmon, B. A. Lail, M. B. Raschke, and G. D. Boreman, “Near-field measurement of infrared coplanar strip transmission line attenuation and propagation constants,” Opt. Express 18(21), 21678–21686 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. J. A. Bean, B. A. Slovick, and G. D. Boreman, “Influence of substrate configuration on the angular response pattern of infrared antennas,” Opt. Express 18(21), 21705–21713 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. J. S. Huang, T. Feichtner, P. Biagioni, and B. Hecht, “Impedance matching and emission properties of nanoantennas in an optical nanocircuit,” Nano Lett. 9(5), 1897–1902 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. C. Fumeaux, M. Gritz, I. Codreanu, W. Schaich, F. González, and G. Boreman, “Measurement of resonant lengths of infrared dipole antennas,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 41(5), 271–281 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  19. B. Slovick, J. Bean, and G. Boreman, “Angular resolution improvement of infrared phased-array antennas,” IEEE Antenn. Wireless Propag. Lett. (to be published in 2011).
    [CrossRef]
  20. J. A. Bean, B. Tiwari, G. H. Bernstein, P. Fay, and W. Porod, “Long wave infrared detection using dipole antenna-coupled metal–oxide–metal diodes,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 27(1), 11 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J. Bean, A. Weeks, and G. Boreman, “Performance optimization of antenna-coupled Al/AlOX/Pt tunnel diode infrared detectors,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47(1), 126–135 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  22. J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics, (Roberts & Co., Englewood, Colorado 2005).
  23. P. Krenz, B. Slovick, J. Bean, and G. Boreman, “Alignment procedures for radiation pattern measurements of antenna-coupled infrared detectors,” Opt. Eng. 49(3), 033607 (2010).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (2)

B. Slovick, J. Bean, and G. Boreman, “Angular resolution improvement of infrared phased-array antennas,” IEEE Antenn. Wireless Propag. Lett. (to be published in 2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Bean, A. Weeks, and G. Boreman, “Performance optimization of antenna-coupled Al/AlOX/Pt tunnel diode infrared detectors,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47(1), 126–135 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (7)

P. Krenz, B. Slovick, J. Bean, and G. Boreman, “Alignment procedures for radiation pattern measurements of antenna-coupled infrared detectors,” Opt. Eng. 49(3), 033607 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. A. Slovick, J. A. Bean, P. M. Krenz, and G. D. Boreman, “Directional control of infrared antenna-coupled tunnel diodes,” Opt. Express 18(20), 20960–20967 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. M. Krenz, R. L. Olmon, B. A. Lail, M. B. Raschke, and G. D. Boreman, “Near-field measurement of infrared coplanar strip transmission line attenuation and propagation constants,” Opt. Express 18(21), 21678–21686 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. M. Krenz, R. L. Olmon, B. A. Lail, M. B. Raschke, and G. D. Boreman, “Near-field measurement of infrared coplanar strip transmission line attenuation and propagation constants,” Opt. Express 18(21), 21678–21686 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Bean, B. A. Slovick, and G. D. Boreman, “Influence of substrate configuration on the angular response pattern of infrared antennas,” Opt. Express 18(21), 21705–21713 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. M. Krenz, B. A. Lail, and G. D. Boreman, “Calibration of lead-line response contribution in measured radiation patterns of IR dipole arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 17(1), 218–221 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Bean, B. Tiwari, G. Szakmany, G. Bernstein, P. Fay, and W. Porod, “Antenna length and polarization response of antenna-coupled MOM diode infrared detectors,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 53(3), 182–185 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

J. S. Huang, T. Feichtner, P. Biagioni, and B. Hecht, “Impedance matching and emission properties of nanoantennas in an optical nanocircuit,” Nano Lett. 9(5), 1897–1902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Wen, S. Romanov, and U. Peschel, “Excitation of plasmonic gap waveguides by nanoantennas,” Opt. Express 17(8), 5925–5932 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Bean, B. Tiwari, G. H. Bernstein, P. Fay, and W. Porod, “Long wave infrared detection using dipole antenna-coupled metal–oxide–metal diodes,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 27(1), 11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

S. Brustlein, L. Del Rio, A. Tonello, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, H. Herrmann, and W. Sohler, “Laboratory demonstration of an infrared-to-visible up-conversion interferometer for spatial coherence analysis,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(15), 153903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Middlebrook, M. Roggemann, G. Boreman, N. Subotic, K. Cooper, W. Buller, W. Yang, and J. Alda, “Measurement of the Mutual Coherence Function of an Incoherent Infrared Field with a Gold Nano-wire Dipole Antenna Array,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 29(2), 179–187 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

J. Ginn, B. Lail, D. Shelton, J. Tharp, W. Folks, and G. Boreman, “Characterizing Infrared Frequency Selective Surfaces on Dispersive Media,” ACES J. 22, 184–188 (2007).

2003 (1)

I. Codreanu, F. González, and G. Boreman, “Detection Mechanisms in microstrip antenna-coupled infrared detectors,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 44(3), 155–163 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

C. Fumeaux, M. Gritz, I. Codreanu, W. Schaich, F. González, and G. Boreman, “Measurement of resonant lengths of infrared dipole antennas,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 41(5), 271–281 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

A. Sanchez, C. F. Davis, K. C. Liu, and A. Javan, “The MOM tunneling diode: theoretical estimate of its performance at microwave and infrared frequencies,” J. Appl. Phys. 49(10), 5270–5277 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

M. A. Johnson, A. L. Betz, and C. H. Townes, “10-µm heterodyne stellar interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 33(27), 1617–1620 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Alda, J.

C. Middlebrook, M. Roggemann, G. Boreman, N. Subotic, K. Cooper, W. Buller, W. Yang, and J. Alda, “Measurement of the Mutual Coherence Function of an Incoherent Infrared Field with a Gold Nano-wire Dipole Antenna Array,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 29(2), 179–187 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bean, J.

J. Bean, A. Weeks, and G. Boreman, “Performance optimization of antenna-coupled Al/AlOX/Pt tunnel diode infrared detectors,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47(1), 126–135 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Slovick, J. Bean, and G. Boreman, “Angular resolution improvement of infrared phased-array antennas,” IEEE Antenn. Wireless Propag. Lett. (to be published in 2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Krenz, B. Slovick, J. Bean, and G. Boreman, “Alignment procedures for radiation pattern measurements of antenna-coupled infrared detectors,” Opt. Eng. 49(3), 033607 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Bean, B. Tiwari, G. Szakmany, G. Bernstein, P. Fay, and W. Porod, “Antenna length and polarization response of antenna-coupled MOM diode infrared detectors,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 53(3), 182–185 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bean, J. A.

Bernstein, G.

J. Bean, B. Tiwari, G. Szakmany, G. Bernstein, P. Fay, and W. Porod, “Antenna length and polarization response of antenna-coupled MOM diode infrared detectors,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 53(3), 182–185 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bernstein, G. H.

J. A. Bean, B. Tiwari, G. H. Bernstein, P. Fay, and W. Porod, “Long wave infrared detection using dipole antenna-coupled metal–oxide–metal diodes,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 27(1), 11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Betz, A. L.

M. A. Johnson, A. L. Betz, and C. H. Townes, “10-µm heterodyne stellar interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 33(27), 1617–1620 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Biagioni, P.

J. S. Huang, T. Feichtner, P. Biagioni, and B. Hecht, “Impedance matching and emission properties of nanoantennas in an optical nanocircuit,” Nano Lett. 9(5), 1897–1902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boreman, G.

B. Slovick, J. Bean, and G. Boreman, “Angular resolution improvement of infrared phased-array antennas,” IEEE Antenn. Wireless Propag. Lett. (to be published in 2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Bean, A. Weeks, and G. Boreman, “Performance optimization of antenna-coupled Al/AlOX/Pt tunnel diode infrared detectors,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47(1), 126–135 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Krenz, B. Slovick, J. Bean, and G. Boreman, “Alignment procedures for radiation pattern measurements of antenna-coupled infrared detectors,” Opt. Eng. 49(3), 033607 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Middlebrook, M. Roggemann, G. Boreman, N. Subotic, K. Cooper, W. Buller, W. Yang, and J. Alda, “Measurement of the Mutual Coherence Function of an Incoherent Infrared Field with a Gold Nano-wire Dipole Antenna Array,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 29(2), 179–187 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Ginn, B. Lail, D. Shelton, J. Tharp, W. Folks, and G. Boreman, “Characterizing Infrared Frequency Selective Surfaces on Dispersive Media,” ACES J. 22, 184–188 (2007).

I. Codreanu, F. González, and G. Boreman, “Detection Mechanisms in microstrip antenna-coupled infrared detectors,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 44(3), 155–163 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Fumeaux, M. Gritz, I. Codreanu, W. Schaich, F. González, and G. Boreman, “Measurement of resonant lengths of infrared dipole antennas,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 41(5), 271–281 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Boreman, G. D.

Brustlein, S.

S. Brustlein, L. Del Rio, A. Tonello, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, H. Herrmann, and W. Sohler, “Laboratory demonstration of an infrared-to-visible up-conversion interferometer for spatial coherence analysis,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(15), 153903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Buller, W.

C. Middlebrook, M. Roggemann, G. Boreman, N. Subotic, K. Cooper, W. Buller, W. Yang, and J. Alda, “Measurement of the Mutual Coherence Function of an Incoherent Infrared Field with a Gold Nano-wire Dipole Antenna Array,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 29(2), 179–187 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Codreanu, I.

I. Codreanu, F. González, and G. Boreman, “Detection Mechanisms in microstrip antenna-coupled infrared detectors,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 44(3), 155–163 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Fumeaux, M. Gritz, I. Codreanu, W. Schaich, F. González, and G. Boreman, “Measurement of resonant lengths of infrared dipole antennas,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 41(5), 271–281 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cooper, K.

C. Middlebrook, M. Roggemann, G. Boreman, N. Subotic, K. Cooper, W. Buller, W. Yang, and J. Alda, “Measurement of the Mutual Coherence Function of an Incoherent Infrared Field with a Gold Nano-wire Dipole Antenna Array,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 29(2), 179–187 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Davis, C. F.

A. Sanchez, C. F. Davis, K. C. Liu, and A. Javan, “The MOM tunneling diode: theoretical estimate of its performance at microwave and infrared frequencies,” J. Appl. Phys. 49(10), 5270–5277 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Del Rio, L.

S. Brustlein, L. Del Rio, A. Tonello, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, H. Herrmann, and W. Sohler, “Laboratory demonstration of an infrared-to-visible up-conversion interferometer for spatial coherence analysis,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(15), 153903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Delage, L.

S. Brustlein, L. Del Rio, A. Tonello, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, H. Herrmann, and W. Sohler, “Laboratory demonstration of an infrared-to-visible up-conversion interferometer for spatial coherence analysis,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(15), 153903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fay, P.

J. Bean, B. Tiwari, G. Szakmany, G. Bernstein, P. Fay, and W. Porod, “Antenna length and polarization response of antenna-coupled MOM diode infrared detectors,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 53(3), 182–185 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Bean, B. Tiwari, G. H. Bernstein, P. Fay, and W. Porod, “Long wave infrared detection using dipole antenna-coupled metal–oxide–metal diodes,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 27(1), 11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Feichtner, T.

J. S. Huang, T. Feichtner, P. Biagioni, and B. Hecht, “Impedance matching and emission properties of nanoantennas in an optical nanocircuit,” Nano Lett. 9(5), 1897–1902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Folks, W.

J. Ginn, B. Lail, D. Shelton, J. Tharp, W. Folks, and G. Boreman, “Characterizing Infrared Frequency Selective Surfaces on Dispersive Media,” ACES J. 22, 184–188 (2007).

Fumeaux, C.

C. Fumeaux, M. Gritz, I. Codreanu, W. Schaich, F. González, and G. Boreman, “Measurement of resonant lengths of infrared dipole antennas,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 41(5), 271–281 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ginn, J.

J. Ginn, B. Lail, D. Shelton, J. Tharp, W. Folks, and G. Boreman, “Characterizing Infrared Frequency Selective Surfaces on Dispersive Media,” ACES J. 22, 184–188 (2007).

González, F.

I. Codreanu, F. González, and G. Boreman, “Detection Mechanisms in microstrip antenna-coupled infrared detectors,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 44(3), 155–163 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Fumeaux, M. Gritz, I. Codreanu, W. Schaich, F. González, and G. Boreman, “Measurement of resonant lengths of infrared dipole antennas,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 41(5), 271–281 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gritz, M.

C. Fumeaux, M. Gritz, I. Codreanu, W. Schaich, F. González, and G. Boreman, “Measurement of resonant lengths of infrared dipole antennas,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 41(5), 271–281 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hecht, B.

J. S. Huang, T. Feichtner, P. Biagioni, and B. Hecht, “Impedance matching and emission properties of nanoantennas in an optical nanocircuit,” Nano Lett. 9(5), 1897–1902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herrmann, H.

S. Brustlein, L. Del Rio, A. Tonello, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, H. Herrmann, and W. Sohler, “Laboratory demonstration of an infrared-to-visible up-conversion interferometer for spatial coherence analysis,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(15), 153903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, J. S.

J. S. Huang, T. Feichtner, P. Biagioni, and B. Hecht, “Impedance matching and emission properties of nanoantennas in an optical nanocircuit,” Nano Lett. 9(5), 1897–1902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Javan, A.

A. Sanchez, C. F. Davis, K. C. Liu, and A. Javan, “The MOM tunneling diode: theoretical estimate of its performance at microwave and infrared frequencies,” J. Appl. Phys. 49(10), 5270–5277 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, M. A.

M. A. Johnson, A. L. Betz, and C. H. Townes, “10-µm heterodyne stellar interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 33(27), 1617–1620 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Krenz, P.

P. Krenz, B. Slovick, J. Bean, and G. Boreman, “Alignment procedures for radiation pattern measurements of antenna-coupled infrared detectors,” Opt. Eng. 49(3), 033607 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Krenz, P. M.

Lail, B.

J. Ginn, B. Lail, D. Shelton, J. Tharp, W. Folks, and G. Boreman, “Characterizing Infrared Frequency Selective Surfaces on Dispersive Media,” ACES J. 22, 184–188 (2007).

Lail, B. A.

Liu, K. C.

A. Sanchez, C. F. Davis, K. C. Liu, and A. Javan, “The MOM tunneling diode: theoretical estimate of its performance at microwave and infrared frequencies,” J. Appl. Phys. 49(10), 5270–5277 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Middlebrook, C.

C. Middlebrook, M. Roggemann, G. Boreman, N. Subotic, K. Cooper, W. Buller, W. Yang, and J. Alda, “Measurement of the Mutual Coherence Function of an Incoherent Infrared Field with a Gold Nano-wire Dipole Antenna Array,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 29(2), 179–187 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Olmon, R. L.

Peschel, U.

Porod, W.

J. Bean, B. Tiwari, G. Szakmany, G. Bernstein, P. Fay, and W. Porod, “Antenna length and polarization response of antenna-coupled MOM diode infrared detectors,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 53(3), 182–185 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Bean, B. Tiwari, G. H. Bernstein, P. Fay, and W. Porod, “Long wave infrared detection using dipole antenna-coupled metal–oxide–metal diodes,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 27(1), 11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Raschke, M. B.

Reynaud, F.

S. Brustlein, L. Del Rio, A. Tonello, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, H. Herrmann, and W. Sohler, “Laboratory demonstration of an infrared-to-visible up-conversion interferometer for spatial coherence analysis,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(15), 153903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roggemann, M.

C. Middlebrook, M. Roggemann, G. Boreman, N. Subotic, K. Cooper, W. Buller, W. Yang, and J. Alda, “Measurement of the Mutual Coherence Function of an Incoherent Infrared Field with a Gold Nano-wire Dipole Antenna Array,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 29(2), 179–187 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Romanov, S.

Sanchez, A.

A. Sanchez, C. F. Davis, K. C. Liu, and A. Javan, “The MOM tunneling diode: theoretical estimate of its performance at microwave and infrared frequencies,” J. Appl. Phys. 49(10), 5270–5277 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Schaich, W.

C. Fumeaux, M. Gritz, I. Codreanu, W. Schaich, F. González, and G. Boreman, “Measurement of resonant lengths of infrared dipole antennas,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 41(5), 271–281 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shelton, D.

J. Ginn, B. Lail, D. Shelton, J. Tharp, W. Folks, and G. Boreman, “Characterizing Infrared Frequency Selective Surfaces on Dispersive Media,” ACES J. 22, 184–188 (2007).

Slovick, B.

B. Slovick, J. Bean, and G. Boreman, “Angular resolution improvement of infrared phased-array antennas,” IEEE Antenn. Wireless Propag. Lett. (to be published in 2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Krenz, B. Slovick, J. Bean, and G. Boreman, “Alignment procedures for radiation pattern measurements of antenna-coupled infrared detectors,” Opt. Eng. 49(3), 033607 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Slovick, B. A.

Sohler, W.

S. Brustlein, L. Del Rio, A. Tonello, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, H. Herrmann, and W. Sohler, “Laboratory demonstration of an infrared-to-visible up-conversion interferometer for spatial coherence analysis,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(15), 153903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Subotic, N.

C. Middlebrook, M. Roggemann, G. Boreman, N. Subotic, K. Cooper, W. Buller, W. Yang, and J. Alda, “Measurement of the Mutual Coherence Function of an Incoherent Infrared Field with a Gold Nano-wire Dipole Antenna Array,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 29(2), 179–187 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Szakmany, G.

J. Bean, B. Tiwari, G. Szakmany, G. Bernstein, P. Fay, and W. Porod, “Antenna length and polarization response of antenna-coupled MOM diode infrared detectors,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 53(3), 182–185 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tharp, J.

J. Ginn, B. Lail, D. Shelton, J. Tharp, W. Folks, and G. Boreman, “Characterizing Infrared Frequency Selective Surfaces on Dispersive Media,” ACES J. 22, 184–188 (2007).

Tiwari, B.

J. Bean, B. Tiwari, G. Szakmany, G. Bernstein, P. Fay, and W. Porod, “Antenna length and polarization response of antenna-coupled MOM diode infrared detectors,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 53(3), 182–185 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Bean, B. Tiwari, G. H. Bernstein, P. Fay, and W. Porod, “Long wave infrared detection using dipole antenna-coupled metal–oxide–metal diodes,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 27(1), 11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tonello, A.

S. Brustlein, L. Del Rio, A. Tonello, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, H. Herrmann, and W. Sohler, “Laboratory demonstration of an infrared-to-visible up-conversion interferometer for spatial coherence analysis,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(15), 153903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Townes, C. H.

M. A. Johnson, A. L. Betz, and C. H. Townes, “10-µm heterodyne stellar interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 33(27), 1617–1620 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Weeks, A.

J. Bean, A. Weeks, and G. Boreman, “Performance optimization of antenna-coupled Al/AlOX/Pt tunnel diode infrared detectors,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47(1), 126–135 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wen, J.

Yang, W.

C. Middlebrook, M. Roggemann, G. Boreman, N. Subotic, K. Cooper, W. Buller, W. Yang, and J. Alda, “Measurement of the Mutual Coherence Function of an Incoherent Infrared Field with a Gold Nano-wire Dipole Antenna Array,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 29(2), 179–187 (2008).
[CrossRef]

ACES J. (1)

J. Ginn, B. Lail, D. Shelton, J. Tharp, W. Folks, and G. Boreman, “Characterizing Infrared Frequency Selective Surfaces on Dispersive Media,” ACES J. 22, 184–188 (2007).

IEEE Antenn. Wireless Propag. Lett. (1)

B. Slovick, J. Bean, and G. Boreman, “Angular resolution improvement of infrared phased-array antennas,” IEEE Antenn. Wireless Propag. Lett. (to be published in 2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Bean, A. Weeks, and G. Boreman, “Performance optimization of antenna-coupled Al/AlOX/Pt tunnel diode infrared detectors,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 47(1), 126–135 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. (1)

P. M. Krenz, B. A. Lail, and G. D. Boreman, “Calibration of lead-line response contribution in measured radiation patterns of IR dipole arrays,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 17(1), 218–221 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Infrared Phys. Technol. (3)

I. Codreanu, F. González, and G. Boreman, “Detection Mechanisms in microstrip antenna-coupled infrared detectors,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 44(3), 155–163 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Bean, B. Tiwari, G. Szakmany, G. Bernstein, P. Fay, and W. Porod, “Antenna length and polarization response of antenna-coupled MOM diode infrared detectors,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 53(3), 182–185 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Fumeaux, M. Gritz, I. Codreanu, W. Schaich, F. González, and G. Boreman, “Measurement of resonant lengths of infrared dipole antennas,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 41(5), 271–281 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves (1)

C. Middlebrook, M. Roggemann, G. Boreman, N. Subotic, K. Cooper, W. Buller, W. Yang, and J. Alda, “Measurement of the Mutual Coherence Function of an Incoherent Infrared Field with a Gold Nano-wire Dipole Antenna Array,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 29(2), 179–187 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

A. Sanchez, C. F. Davis, K. C. Liu, and A. Javan, “The MOM tunneling diode: theoretical estimate of its performance at microwave and infrared frequencies,” J. Appl. Phys. 49(10), 5270–5277 (1978).
[CrossRef]

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B (1)

J. A. Bean, B. Tiwari, G. H. Bernstein, P. Fay, and W. Porod, “Long wave infrared detection using dipole antenna-coupled metal–oxide–metal diodes,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 27(1), 11 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (1)

J. S. Huang, T. Feichtner, P. Biagioni, and B. Hecht, “Impedance matching and emission properties of nanoantennas in an optical nanocircuit,” Nano Lett. 9(5), 1897–1902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Eng. (1)

P. Krenz, B. Slovick, J. Bean, and G. Boreman, “Alignment procedures for radiation pattern measurements of antenna-coupled infrared detectors,” Opt. Eng. 49(3), 033607 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

M. A. Johnson, A. L. Betz, and C. H. Townes, “10-µm heterodyne stellar interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 33(27), 1617–1620 (1974).
[CrossRef]

S. Brustlein, L. Del Rio, A. Tonello, L. Delage, F. Reynaud, H. Herrmann, and W. Sohler, “Laboratory demonstration of an infrared-to-visible up-conversion interferometer for spatial coherence analysis,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(15), 153903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (4)

J. W. Goodman, Statistical Optics, (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1985).

A. R. Thompson, J. M. Moran, and G. W. Swenson, Interferometry and synthesis in radio astronomy, (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 2001).

L. Mandel, and E. Wolf, Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics, (Cambridge Press, New York, 1995).

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics, (Roberts & Co., Englewood, Colorado 2005).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Electron micrographs of the phased-array antenna (a) and MOM diode (b).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental configuration for spatial coherence measurements. Radiation passing through the BaF2 diffuser undergoes diffuse refraction to form a spatially incoherent field. The Fraunhofer diffraction pattern is generated in the focal plane of the F/1 lens. For calibration, the diffuser and F/1 lens are replaced with a collimating lens and F/8 objective, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured and simulated spatial coherence function versus antenna separation for a two-element phased-array. The standard result from the Van Cittert-Zernike theorem is also shown.

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I ( L ) = exp ( α L ) [ I 1 + I 2 + 2 I 1 I 2 Re γ ( L ) ] ,
| γ ( L ) | = 2 | J 1 ( π L / λ F / # ) ( π L / λ F / # ) | ,
I ( L ) = 2 I 0 exp ( α L ) [ 1 + | γ ( L ) | ] .
I C ( L ) = 4 I 0 , C exp ( α L ) ,
I P ( L ) = 2 I 0 , P exp ( α L ) [ 1 + | γ ( L ) | ] .
| γ ( L ) | = 2 I 0 , C I P ( L ) I 0 , P I C ( L ) 1.
I C ( 0 ) I P ( 0 ) = 2 I 0 , C I 0 , P [ 1 + γ ( 0 ) ] = 2 I 0 , C I 0 , P [ 1 + 1 ] = I 0 , C I 0 , P .
| γ ( L ) | = 2 I C ( 0 ) I P ( L ) I P ( 0 ) I C ( L ) 1.
L 0 = 1.22 λ F / # .

Metrics