Abstract

We propose and experimentally demonstrate a hybrid radio-over-fiber (ROF) wavelength division multiplexed and time division multiplexed passive optical network (WDM-TDM PON) architecture to mitigate Rayleigh backscattering (RB) interferometric beat noises. Here, only a single wavelength is needed at the central office (CO) to generate the downstream baseband data for optical wired application and optical millimeter-wave (mm-wave) signal for wireless application. The upstream signal is produced by remodulating the downstream signal. No optical filter is required at the optical network unit/remote antenna unit (ONU/RAU) to separate the optical wired and optical mm-wave signals. In the proposed network, 10 Gb/s differential phase shift keying (DPSK) signal is used for the downstream optical wired application and 2.5 Gb/s on-off keying (OOK) signal on 20 GHz carrier is used for the optical mm-wave signal. In each ONU, a reflective optical semiconductor amplifier (RSOA) is used to remodulate and produce a 2.5 Gb/s OOK format for upstream traffic. As the back-refection produced by the downstream DPSK signal and the upstream OOK signal is traveling in different fiber path, RB noise at the CO can be completely mitigated

© 2011 OSA

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References

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  1. “10Gb/s Ethernet Passive Optical Network,” IEEE 802.3av Standard, September 2009.
  2. H. Erkan, G. Ellinas, A. Hadjiantonis, R. Dorsinville, and M. Ali, “Native Ethernet-based self-healing WDM-PON local access ring architecture: A new direction for supporting simple and efficient resilience capability,” in Proc. IEEE ICC, 2010.
  3. G. Gilder, “Plenary Paper: The rise of Exaflood optics”, in Proc. ECOC, 2009, Paper 1.0.1.
  4. C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, C. L. Pan, and S. Chi, “WDM extended reach passive optical networks using OFDM-QAM,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12096–12101 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. C. H. Yeh, F. Y. Shih, C. H. Wang, C. W. Chow, and S. Chi, “Cost-effective wavelength-tunable fiber laser using self-seeding Fabry-Perot laser diode,” Opt. Express 16(1), 435–439 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. C. W. Chow, “Wavelength remodulation using DPSK down-and-upstream with high extinction ratio for 10-Gb/s DWDM-passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(1), 12–14 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. Kazmierski, “Remote amplified modulations: Key components for 10 Gb/s WDM PON,” in Proc. OFC, 2010, Paper OWN6.
  8. C. H. Yeh, C. W. Chow, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, H. C. Chien, and S. Chi, “A self-protected colorless WDM-PON with 2.5 Gb/s upstream signal based on RSOA,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12296–12301 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. W. Hung, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, “An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection-locked FP laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(10), 1476–1478 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Z. Li, Y. Dong, Y. Wang, and C. Lu, “A novel PSK-Manchester modulation format in 10-Gb/s passive optical network system with high tolerance to beat interference noise,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(5), 1118–1120 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. W. Chow, G. Talli, and P. D. Townsend, “Rayleigh noise reduction in 10-Gb/s DWDM-PONs by wavelength detuning and phase-modulation-induced spectral broadening,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(6), 423–425 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. P. J. Urban, A. M. J. Koonen, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Rayleigh backscattering-suppression in a WDM access network employing a reflective semiconductor optical amplifier,” Proc. Symposium IEEE/LEOS Benelux Chapter, pp. 147–150, 2007.
  13. C. H. Wang, C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Rayleigh noise mitigation using single sideband modulation generated by a dual-parallel MZM for carrier distributed PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 820–822 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Chowdhury, H. C. Chien, M. F. Huang, J. Yu, and G. K. Chang, “Rayleigh backscattering noise-eliminated 115-km long-reach bidirectional centralized WDM-PON with 10-Gb/s DPSK downstream and remodulated 2.5-Gb/s OCS-SCM upstream signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(24), 2081–2083 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  15. G. K. Chang, J. Yu, Z. Jia, and J. Yu, “Novel optical-wireless access network architecture for simultaneously providing broadband wireless and wired services,” in Proc. OFC, 2006, Paper OFM1.
  16. T. Taniguchi, N. Sakurai, K. Kumozaki, and T. Imai, “Full-duplex 1 Gbps 60 GHz-band radio-over-fiber access based on loop-back optical heterodyne technique,” in Proc. OFC, 2006, Paper OWG5.
  17. J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 265–267 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  18. Z. Jia, J. Yu, and G. K. Chang, “A full-duplex radio-over-fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(16), 1726–1728 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  19. C. T. Lin, C. F. Peng, P. C. Peng, J. Chen, W. R. Peng, B. S. Chiou, and S. Chi, “Simultaneous modulation and transmission of FTTH baseband and radio signals on a single wavelength,” in Proc. OFC, 2007, Paper OThM7.

2010 (1)

C. H. Wang, C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Rayleigh noise mitigation using single sideband modulation generated by a dual-parallel MZM for carrier distributed PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 820–822 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (5)

A. Chowdhury, H. C. Chien, M. F. Huang, J. Yu, and G. K. Chang, “Rayleigh backscattering noise-eliminated 115-km long-reach bidirectional centralized WDM-PON with 10-Gb/s DPSK downstream and remodulated 2.5-Gb/s OCS-SCM upstream signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(24), 2081–2083 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, C. L. Pan, and S. Chi, “WDM extended reach passive optical networks using OFDM-QAM,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12096–12101 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. H. Yeh, F. Y. Shih, C. H. Wang, C. W. Chow, and S. Chi, “Cost-effective wavelength-tunable fiber laser using self-seeding Fabry-Perot laser diode,” Opt. Express 16(1), 435–439 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Chow, “Wavelength remodulation using DPSK down-and-upstream with high extinction ratio for 10-Gb/s DWDM-passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(1), 12–14 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Yeh, C. W. Chow, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, H. C. Chien, and S. Chi, “A self-protected colorless WDM-PON with 2.5 Gb/s upstream signal based on RSOA,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12296–12301 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

C. W. Chow, G. Talli, and P. D. Townsend, “Rayleigh noise reduction in 10-Gb/s DWDM-PONs by wavelength detuning and phase-modulation-induced spectral broadening,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(6), 423–425 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 265–267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jia, J. Yu, and G. K. Chang, “A full-duplex radio-over-fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(16), 1726–1728 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

Z. Li, Y. Dong, Y. Wang, and C. Lu, “A novel PSK-Manchester modulation format in 10-Gb/s passive optical network system with high tolerance to beat interference noise,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(5), 1118–1120 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

W. Hung, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, “An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection-locked FP laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(10), 1476–1478 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chan, C. K.

W. Hung, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, “An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection-locked FP laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(10), 1476–1478 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chang, G. K.

A. Chowdhury, H. C. Chien, M. F. Huang, J. Yu, and G. K. Chang, “Rayleigh backscattering noise-eliminated 115-km long-reach bidirectional centralized WDM-PON with 10-Gb/s DPSK downstream and remodulated 2.5-Gb/s OCS-SCM upstream signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(24), 2081–2083 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 265–267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jia, J. Yu, and G. K. Chang, “A full-duplex radio-over-fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(16), 1726–1728 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L. K.

W. Hung, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, “An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection-locked FP laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(10), 1476–1478 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chi, S.

Chien, H. C.

C. H. Yeh, C. W. Chow, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, H. C. Chien, and S. Chi, “A self-protected colorless WDM-PON with 2.5 Gb/s upstream signal based on RSOA,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12296–12301 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Chowdhury, H. C. Chien, M. F. Huang, J. Yu, and G. K. Chang, “Rayleigh backscattering noise-eliminated 115-km long-reach bidirectional centralized WDM-PON with 10-Gb/s DPSK downstream and remodulated 2.5-Gb/s OCS-SCM upstream signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(24), 2081–2083 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chow, C. W.

C. H. Wang, C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Rayleigh noise mitigation using single sideband modulation generated by a dual-parallel MZM for carrier distributed PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 820–822 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Yeh, C. W. Chow, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, H. C. Chien, and S. Chi, “A self-protected colorless WDM-PON with 2.5 Gb/s upstream signal based on RSOA,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12296–12301 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Chow, “Wavelength remodulation using DPSK down-and-upstream with high extinction ratio for 10-Gb/s DWDM-passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(1), 12–14 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Yeh, F. Y. Shih, C. H. Wang, C. W. Chow, and S. Chi, “Cost-effective wavelength-tunable fiber laser using self-seeding Fabry-Perot laser diode,” Opt. Express 16(1), 435–439 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, C. L. Pan, and S. Chi, “WDM extended reach passive optical networks using OFDM-QAM,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12096–12101 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Chow, G. Talli, and P. D. Townsend, “Rayleigh noise reduction in 10-Gb/s DWDM-PONs by wavelength detuning and phase-modulation-induced spectral broadening,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(6), 423–425 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chowdhury, A.

A. Chowdhury, H. C. Chien, M. F. Huang, J. Yu, and G. K. Chang, “Rayleigh backscattering noise-eliminated 115-km long-reach bidirectional centralized WDM-PON with 10-Gb/s DPSK downstream and remodulated 2.5-Gb/s OCS-SCM upstream signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(24), 2081–2083 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dong, Y.

Z. Li, Y. Dong, Y. Wang, and C. Lu, “A novel PSK-Manchester modulation format in 10-Gb/s passive optical network system with high tolerance to beat interference noise,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(5), 1118–1120 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Huang, M. F.

A. Chowdhury, H. C. Chien, M. F. Huang, J. Yu, and G. K. Chang, “Rayleigh backscattering noise-eliminated 115-km long-reach bidirectional centralized WDM-PON with 10-Gb/s DPSK downstream and remodulated 2.5-Gb/s OCS-SCM upstream signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(24), 2081–2083 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hung, W.

W. Hung, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, “An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection-locked FP laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(10), 1476–1478 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jia, Z.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 265–267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jia, J. Yu, and G. K. Chang, “A full-duplex radio-over-fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(16), 1726–1728 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.

Z. Li, Y. Dong, Y. Wang, and C. Lu, “A novel PSK-Manchester modulation format in 10-Gb/s passive optical network system with high tolerance to beat interference noise,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(5), 1118–1120 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.

C. H. Wang, C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Rayleigh noise mitigation using single sideband modulation generated by a dual-parallel MZM for carrier distributed PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 820–822 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C.

Z. Li, Y. Dong, Y. Wang, and C. Lu, “A novel PSK-Manchester modulation format in 10-Gb/s passive optical network system with high tolerance to beat interference noise,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(5), 1118–1120 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pan, C. L.

Shih, F. Y.

Su, Y.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 265–267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Talli, G.

C. W. Chow, G. Talli, and P. D. Townsend, “Rayleigh noise reduction in 10-Gb/s DWDM-PONs by wavelength detuning and phase-modulation-induced spectral broadening,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(6), 423–425 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tong, F.

W. Hung, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, “An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection-locked FP laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(10), 1476–1478 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Townsend, P. D.

C. W. Chow, G. Talli, and P. D. Townsend, “Rayleigh noise reduction in 10-Gb/s DWDM-PONs by wavelength detuning and phase-modulation-induced spectral broadening,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(6), 423–425 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. H.

Wang, T.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 265–267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Z. Li, Y. Dong, Y. Wang, and C. Lu, “A novel PSK-Manchester modulation format in 10-Gb/s passive optical network system with high tolerance to beat interference noise,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(5), 1118–1120 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wu, C. L.

C. H. Wang, C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Rayleigh noise mitigation using single sideband modulation generated by a dual-parallel MZM for carrier distributed PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 820–822 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, C. H.

Yi, L.

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 265–267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

A. Chowdhury, H. C. Chien, M. F. Huang, J. Yu, and G. K. Chang, “Rayleigh backscattering noise-eliminated 115-km long-reach bidirectional centralized WDM-PON with 10-Gb/s DPSK downstream and remodulated 2.5-Gb/s OCS-SCM upstream signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(24), 2081–2083 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 265–267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jia, J. Yu, and G. K. Chang, “A full-duplex radio-over-fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(16), 1726–1728 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (8)

W. Hung, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, “An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection-locked FP laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15(10), 1476–1478 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Z. Li, Y. Dong, Y. Wang, and C. Lu, “A novel PSK-Manchester modulation format in 10-Gb/s passive optical network system with high tolerance to beat interference noise,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(5), 1118–1120 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, G. Talli, and P. D. Townsend, “Rayleigh noise reduction in 10-Gb/s DWDM-PONs by wavelength detuning and phase-modulation-induced spectral broadening,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(6), 423–425 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Wang, C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Rayleigh noise mitigation using single sideband modulation generated by a dual-parallel MZM for carrier distributed PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 820–822 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Chowdhury, H. C. Chien, M. F. Huang, J. Yu, and G. K. Chang, “Rayleigh backscattering noise-eliminated 115-km long-reach bidirectional centralized WDM-PON with 10-Gb/s DPSK downstream and remodulated 2.5-Gb/s OCS-SCM upstream signal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(24), 2081–2083 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, “Wavelength remodulation using DPSK down-and-upstream with high extinction ratio for 10-Gb/s DWDM-passive optical networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20(1), 12–14 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Yu, Z. Jia, L. Yi, Y. Su, G. K. Chang, and T. Wang, “Optical millimeter-wave generation or up-conversion using external modulators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(1), 265–267 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Jia, J. Yu, and G. K. Chang, “A full-duplex radio-over-fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(16), 1726–1728 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Other (8)

“10Gb/s Ethernet Passive Optical Network,” IEEE 802.3av Standard, September 2009.

H. Erkan, G. Ellinas, A. Hadjiantonis, R. Dorsinville, and M. Ali, “Native Ethernet-based self-healing WDM-PON local access ring architecture: A new direction for supporting simple and efficient resilience capability,” in Proc. IEEE ICC, 2010.

G. Gilder, “Plenary Paper: The rise of Exaflood optics”, in Proc. ECOC, 2009, Paper 1.0.1.

P. J. Urban, A. M. J. Koonen, G. D. Khoe, and H. de Waardt, “Rayleigh backscattering-suppression in a WDM access network employing a reflective semiconductor optical amplifier,” Proc. Symposium IEEE/LEOS Benelux Chapter, pp. 147–150, 2007.

C. T. Lin, C. F. Peng, P. C. Peng, J. Chen, W. R. Peng, B. S. Chiou, and S. Chi, “Simultaneous modulation and transmission of FTTH baseband and radio signals on a single wavelength,” in Proc. OFC, 2007, Paper OThM7.

C. Kazmierski, “Remote amplified modulations: Key components for 10 Gb/s WDM PON,” in Proc. OFC, 2010, Paper OWN6.

G. K. Chang, J. Yu, Z. Jia, and J. Yu, “Novel optical-wireless access network architecture for simultaneously providing broadband wireless and wired services,” in Proc. OFC, 2006, Paper OFM1.

T. Taniguchi, N. Sakurai, K. Kumozaki, and T. Imai, “Full-duplex 1 Gbps 60 GHz-band radio-over-fiber access based on loop-back optical heterodyne technique,” in Proc. OFC, 2006, Paper OWG5.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Proposed hybrid ROF WDM-TDM PON system with RB noise mitigation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output spectra of 20 GHz mm-wave signal and CW lightwave.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

BER performance of 20 GHz mm-wave signal. The insert are corresponding eye diagrams.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

BER performance of 10 GB/s DPSK downstream signal. The inserts are corresponding eye diagrams.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

BER performances versus different DPSK injection powers.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Measured BERs of RSOA-based ONU at 2.5 Gb/s OOK modulation in 20 km fiber transmission. The inserts are corresponding eye diagrams.

Metrics