Abstract

Long-reach passive optical network (LR-PON) is considered as a promising technology towards higher capacity and extended coverage optical system. We propose and demonstrate a LR-PON with the capability of Rayleigh backscattering (RB) noise mitigation. By using the upstream signal wavelength-transition generated by a dual-parallel Mach-Zehnder modulator (DP-MZM) based colorless optical networking unit (ONU), the spectral overlap among the upstream signal and the RB noises can be minimized. Hence, due to the achievement of effective RB mitigation, a 100 km LR-PON with a high split-ratio of 512 is demonstrated using 10 Gb/s non-return-to-zero (NRZ) downstream and 2.5 Gb/s NRZ upstream signals. Detail analysis of the wavelength-transition generation is presented.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. I. Van de Voorde, C. M. Martin, J. Vandewege, and X. Z. Oiu, “The SuperPON demonstrator: an exploration of possible evolution paths for optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(2), 74–82 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. B. Payne and R. P. Davey, “The Future of fiber access systems,” BT Technol. J. 20(4), 104–114 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. Talli, C. W. Chow, E. K. MacHale, and P. D. Townsend, “Rayleigh noise mitigation in long-reach hybrid DWDM-TDM PONs,” J. Opt. Netw. 6(6), 765–776 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. I. T. Monroy, F. Öhman, K. Yvind, R. Kjaer, C. Peucheret, A. M. J. Koonen, and P. Jeppesen, “85 km long reach PON system using a reflective SOA-EA modulator and distributed Raman fiber amplification,” Proc. LEOS Annual Meeting, Paper WEE4 (2006).
  5. C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, C. L. Pan, and S. Chi, “WDM extended reach passive optical networks using OFDM-QAM,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12096–12101 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. C. H. Wang, C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Rayleigh noise mitigation using single sideband modulation generated by a dual-parallel MZM for carrier distributed PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 820–822 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. W. Chow, and C. H. Yeh, “Long-reach WDM PONs,” Proc. IEEE Photonics Society Annual Meeting, Invited Talk WA1 (2010).
  8. C. W. Chow, G. Talli, and P. D. Townsend, “Rayleigh noise reduction in 10-Gb/s DWDM-PONs by wavelength detuning and phase-modulation-induced spectral broadening,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(6), 423–425 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Z. Li, Y. Dong, Y. Wang, and C. Lu, “A novel PSK—Manchester modulation format in 10-Gb/s passive optical network system with high tolerance to beat interference noise,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(5), 1118–1120 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. T. Abuelma’atti, “Large signal analysis of the Mach-Zehnder modulator with variable bias,” Proc. Natl. Sci. Counc. ROC(A) 25, 254–258 (2001).
  11. O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, D. Rouvillain, E. Pincemin, B. Dany, E. Desurvire, C. Duchet, E. Boucherez, and S. Bouchoule, “40 Gbit/s polarization-insensitive and wavelength-independent InP Mach-Zehnder modulator for all-optical regeneration,” Electron. Lett. 35(9), 730–732 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2010

C. H. Wang, C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Rayleigh noise mitigation using single sideband modulation generated by a dual-parallel MZM for carrier distributed PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 820–822 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008

2007

G. Talli, C. W. Chow, E. K. MacHale, and P. D. Townsend, “Rayleigh noise mitigation in long-reach hybrid DWDM-TDM PONs,” J. Opt. Netw. 6(6), 765–776 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, G. Talli, and P. D. Townsend, “Rayleigh noise reduction in 10-Gb/s DWDM-PONs by wavelength detuning and phase-modulation-induced spectral broadening,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(6), 423–425 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005

Z. Li, Y. Dong, Y. Wang, and C. Lu, “A novel PSK—Manchester modulation format in 10-Gb/s passive optical network system with high tolerance to beat interference noise,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(5), 1118–1120 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002

D. B. Payne and R. P. Davey, “The Future of fiber access systems,” BT Technol. J. 20(4), 104–114 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

M. T. Abuelma’atti, “Large signal analysis of the Mach-Zehnder modulator with variable bias,” Proc. Natl. Sci. Counc. ROC(A) 25, 254–258 (2001).

2000

I. Van de Voorde, C. M. Martin, J. Vandewege, and X. Z. Oiu, “The SuperPON demonstrator: an exploration of possible evolution paths for optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(2), 74–82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, D. Rouvillain, E. Pincemin, B. Dany, E. Desurvire, C. Duchet, E. Boucherez, and S. Bouchoule, “40 Gbit/s polarization-insensitive and wavelength-independent InP Mach-Zehnder modulator for all-optical regeneration,” Electron. Lett. 35(9), 730–732 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Abuelma’atti, M. T.

M. T. Abuelma’atti, “Large signal analysis of the Mach-Zehnder modulator with variable bias,” Proc. Natl. Sci. Counc. ROC(A) 25, 254–258 (2001).

Boucherez, E.

O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, D. Rouvillain, E. Pincemin, B. Dany, E. Desurvire, C. Duchet, E. Boucherez, and S. Bouchoule, “40 Gbit/s polarization-insensitive and wavelength-independent InP Mach-Zehnder modulator for all-optical regeneration,” Electron. Lett. 35(9), 730–732 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bouchoule, S.

O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, D. Rouvillain, E. Pincemin, B. Dany, E. Desurvire, C. Duchet, E. Boucherez, and S. Bouchoule, “40 Gbit/s polarization-insensitive and wavelength-independent InP Mach-Zehnder modulator for all-optical regeneration,” Electron. Lett. 35(9), 730–732 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Brindel, P.

O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, D. Rouvillain, E. Pincemin, B. Dany, E. Desurvire, C. Duchet, E. Boucherez, and S. Bouchoule, “40 Gbit/s polarization-insensitive and wavelength-independent InP Mach-Zehnder modulator for all-optical regeneration,” Electron. Lett. 35(9), 730–732 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chi, S.

C. H. Wang, C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Rayleigh noise mitigation using single sideband modulation generated by a dual-parallel MZM for carrier distributed PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 820–822 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, C. L. Pan, and S. Chi, “WDM extended reach passive optical networks using OFDM-QAM,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12096–12101 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chow, C. W.

C. H. Wang, C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Rayleigh noise mitigation using single sideband modulation generated by a dual-parallel MZM for carrier distributed PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 820–822 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, C. L. Pan, and S. Chi, “WDM extended reach passive optical networks using OFDM-QAM,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12096–12101 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Talli, C. W. Chow, E. K. MacHale, and P. D. Townsend, “Rayleigh noise mitigation in long-reach hybrid DWDM-TDM PONs,” J. Opt. Netw. 6(6), 765–776 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, G. Talli, and P. D. Townsend, “Rayleigh noise reduction in 10-Gb/s DWDM-PONs by wavelength detuning and phase-modulation-induced spectral broadening,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(6), 423–425 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dany, B.

O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, D. Rouvillain, E. Pincemin, B. Dany, E. Desurvire, C. Duchet, E. Boucherez, and S. Bouchoule, “40 Gbit/s polarization-insensitive and wavelength-independent InP Mach-Zehnder modulator for all-optical regeneration,” Electron. Lett. 35(9), 730–732 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Davey, R. P.

D. B. Payne and R. P. Davey, “The Future of fiber access systems,” BT Technol. J. 20(4), 104–114 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Desurvire, E.

O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, D. Rouvillain, E. Pincemin, B. Dany, E. Desurvire, C. Duchet, E. Boucherez, and S. Bouchoule, “40 Gbit/s polarization-insensitive and wavelength-independent InP Mach-Zehnder modulator for all-optical regeneration,” Electron. Lett. 35(9), 730–732 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dong, Y.

Z. Li, Y. Dong, Y. Wang, and C. Lu, “A novel PSK—Manchester modulation format in 10-Gb/s passive optical network system with high tolerance to beat interference noise,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(5), 1118–1120 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Duchet, C.

O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, D. Rouvillain, E. Pincemin, B. Dany, E. Desurvire, C. Duchet, E. Boucherez, and S. Bouchoule, “40 Gbit/s polarization-insensitive and wavelength-independent InP Mach-Zehnder modulator for all-optical regeneration,” Electron. Lett. 35(9), 730–732 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Leclerc, O.

O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, D. Rouvillain, E. Pincemin, B. Dany, E. Desurvire, C. Duchet, E. Boucherez, and S. Bouchoule, “40 Gbit/s polarization-insensitive and wavelength-independent InP Mach-Zehnder modulator for all-optical regeneration,” Electron. Lett. 35(9), 730–732 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.

Z. Li, Y. Dong, Y. Wang, and C. Lu, “A novel PSK—Manchester modulation format in 10-Gb/s passive optical network system with high tolerance to beat interference noise,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(5), 1118–1120 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.

C. H. Wang, C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Rayleigh noise mitigation using single sideband modulation generated by a dual-parallel MZM for carrier distributed PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 820–822 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C.

Z. Li, Y. Dong, Y. Wang, and C. Lu, “A novel PSK—Manchester modulation format in 10-Gb/s passive optical network system with high tolerance to beat interference noise,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(5), 1118–1120 (2005).
[CrossRef]

MacHale, E. K.

Martin, C. M.

I. Van de Voorde, C. M. Martin, J. Vandewege, and X. Z. Oiu, “The SuperPON demonstrator: an exploration of possible evolution paths for optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(2), 74–82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Oiu, X. Z.

I. Van de Voorde, C. M. Martin, J. Vandewege, and X. Z. Oiu, “The SuperPON demonstrator: an exploration of possible evolution paths for optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(2), 74–82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pan, C. L.

Payne, D. B.

D. B. Payne and R. P. Davey, “The Future of fiber access systems,” BT Technol. J. 20(4), 104–114 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pincemin, E.

O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, D. Rouvillain, E. Pincemin, B. Dany, E. Desurvire, C. Duchet, E. Boucherez, and S. Bouchoule, “40 Gbit/s polarization-insensitive and wavelength-independent InP Mach-Zehnder modulator for all-optical regeneration,” Electron. Lett. 35(9), 730–732 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rouvillain, D.

O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, D. Rouvillain, E. Pincemin, B. Dany, E. Desurvire, C. Duchet, E. Boucherez, and S. Bouchoule, “40 Gbit/s polarization-insensitive and wavelength-independent InP Mach-Zehnder modulator for all-optical regeneration,” Electron. Lett. 35(9), 730–732 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shih, F. Y.

Talli, G.

G. Talli, C. W. Chow, E. K. MacHale, and P. D. Townsend, “Rayleigh noise mitigation in long-reach hybrid DWDM-TDM PONs,” J. Opt. Netw. 6(6), 765–776 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, G. Talli, and P. D. Townsend, “Rayleigh noise reduction in 10-Gb/s DWDM-PONs by wavelength detuning and phase-modulation-induced spectral broadening,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(6), 423–425 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Townsend, P. D.

C. W. Chow, G. Talli, and P. D. Townsend, “Rayleigh noise reduction in 10-Gb/s DWDM-PONs by wavelength detuning and phase-modulation-induced spectral broadening,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(6), 423–425 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Talli, C. W. Chow, E. K. MacHale, and P. D. Townsend, “Rayleigh noise mitigation in long-reach hybrid DWDM-TDM PONs,” J. Opt. Netw. 6(6), 765–776 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Van de Voorde, I.

I. Van de Voorde, C. M. Martin, J. Vandewege, and X. Z. Oiu, “The SuperPON demonstrator: an exploration of possible evolution paths for optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(2), 74–82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Vandewege, J.

I. Van de Voorde, C. M. Martin, J. Vandewege, and X. Z. Oiu, “The SuperPON demonstrator: an exploration of possible evolution paths for optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(2), 74–82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. H.

C. H. Wang, C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Rayleigh noise mitigation using single sideband modulation generated by a dual-parallel MZM for carrier distributed PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 820–822 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, C. L. Pan, and S. Chi, “WDM extended reach passive optical networks using OFDM-QAM,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12096–12101 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Y.

Z. Li, Y. Dong, Y. Wang, and C. Lu, “A novel PSK—Manchester modulation format in 10-Gb/s passive optical network system with high tolerance to beat interference noise,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(5), 1118–1120 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wu, C. L.

C. H. Wang, C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Rayleigh noise mitigation using single sideband modulation generated by a dual-parallel MZM for carrier distributed PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 820–822 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, C. H.

C. H. Wang, C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Rayleigh noise mitigation using single sideband modulation generated by a dual-parallel MZM for carrier distributed PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 820–822 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. H. Wang, F. Y. Shih, C. L. Pan, and S. Chi, “WDM extended reach passive optical networks using OFDM-QAM,” Opt. Express 16(16), 12096–12101 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

BT Technol. J.

D. B. Payne and R. P. Davey, “The Future of fiber access systems,” BT Technol. J. 20(4), 104–114 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

O. Leclerc, P. Brindel, D. Rouvillain, E. Pincemin, B. Dany, E. Desurvire, C. Duchet, E. Boucherez, and S. Bouchoule, “40 Gbit/s polarization-insensitive and wavelength-independent InP Mach-Zehnder modulator for all-optical regeneration,” Electron. Lett. 35(9), 730–732 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Mag.

I. Van de Voorde, C. M. Martin, J. Vandewege, and X. Z. Oiu, “The SuperPON demonstrator: an exploration of possible evolution paths for optical access networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag. 38(2), 74–82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

C. W. Chow, G. Talli, and P. D. Townsend, “Rayleigh noise reduction in 10-Gb/s DWDM-PONs by wavelength detuning and phase-modulation-induced spectral broadening,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(6), 423–425 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Li, Y. Dong, Y. Wang, and C. Lu, “A novel PSK—Manchester modulation format in 10-Gb/s passive optical network system with high tolerance to beat interference noise,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(5), 1118–1120 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Wang, C. W. Chow, C. H. Yeh, C. L. Wu, S. Chi, and C. Lin, “Rayleigh noise mitigation using single sideband modulation generated by a dual-parallel MZM for carrier distributed PON,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(11), 820–822 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Netw.

Opt. Express

Proc. Natl. Sci. Counc. ROC(A)

M. T. Abuelma’atti, “Large signal analysis of the Mach-Zehnder modulator with variable bias,” Proc. Natl. Sci. Counc. ROC(A) 25, 254–258 (2001).

Other

C. W. Chow, and C. H. Yeh, “Long-reach WDM PONs,” Proc. IEEE Photonics Society Annual Meeting, Invited Talk WA1 (2010).

I. T. Monroy, F. Öhman, K. Yvind, R. Kjaer, C. Peucheret, A. M. J. Koonen, and P. Jeppesen, “85 km long reach PON system using a reflective SOA-EA modulator and distributed Raman fiber amplification,” Proc. LEOS Annual Meeting, Paper WEE4 (2006).

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