By controlling the extinction ratio (ER) and overshooting level of the down-stream amplified spontaneous emission (ASE) with a gain-saturation semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA), the down-stream data-erased ASE carrier is re-encoded in an injection-locked weak-resonant-cavity Fabry-Perot laser diode (WRC-FPLD) up-stream transmitter to implement all-ASE based bi-directional WDM-PON system. The effect of ER on the up-stream transmission performance of the down-stream data-erased ASE injection-locked WRC-FPLD is elucidated via the gain-saturation model. It is observed that the communication criterion with a bit-error-rate of <10−9 at 2.488 Gbit/s can be met only when ER is reduced to <3 dB and overshooting level <-5 dB. The up-stream WRC-FPLD re-encoded ASE data-stream could improve its signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) to 6.4 dB by minimizing the ER and overshooting level of the down-stream data-erased ASE to 2.4 dB and −7.8 dB, respectively, with the gain-saturated SOA. The SNR can also be improved with higher power injecting into the up-stream transmitter until saturation occurs and the optimal window of the ASE injection power is between −7 and −3 dBm.
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