Abstract

We demonstrate whispering gallery (WG) resonance of surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs) in a 2-dimensional confined Au cylinder by self interference. Despite the leakage of SPPs along the axis of the cylinder, Q factors of 375 are obtained in a cylinder with diameter of 30 μm. The coupling-angle-dependence of the WG resonance is also investigated. Our results open opportunities for a new category of plasmonic cavities with 2-dimensional confinement, and this may be applied to a variety of simple and natural metallic micro or nanostructures.

© 2011 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. B. Min, E. Ostby, V. Sorger, E. Ulin-Avila, L. Yang, X. Zhang, and K. Vahala, “High-Q surface-plasmon-polariton whispering-gallery microcavity,” Nature 457(7228), 455–458 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. R. Perahia, T. P. M. Alegre, A. H. Safavi-Naeini, and O. Painter, “Surface-plasmon mode hybridization in subwavelength microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(20), 201114 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Kuttge, F. J. García de Abajo, and A. Polman, “Ultrasmall mode volume plasmonic nanodisk resonators,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1537–1541 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. W. Kim, Y. H. Chen, J. Moore, Y. K. Wu, L. J. Guo, P. Bhattacharya, and P. C. Ku, “Subwavelength surface plasmon optical cavity—scaling, amplification, and coherence,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(5), 1521–1528 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. E. J. R. Vesseur, F. J. García de Abajo, and A. Polman, “Modal decomposition of surface-plasmon whispering gallery resonators,” Nano Lett. 9(9), 3147–3150 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. N. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, “Direct coupling of plasmonic and photonic nanowires for hybrid nanophotonic components and circuits,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4515–4519 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Y. F. Xiao, B. B. Li, X. Jiang, X. Y. Hu, Y. Li, and Q. H. Gong, “High quality factor, small mode volume, ring-type plasmonic microresonator on a silver chip,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 43(3), 035402 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(25), 257403 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. H. T. Miyazaki and Y. Kurokawa, “Squeezing visible light waves into a 3-nm-thick and 55-nm-long plasmon cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(9), 097401 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J.-C. Weeber, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Submicrometer in-plane integrated surface plasmon cavities,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1352–1359 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. Allione, V. V. Temnov, Y. Fedutik, U. Woggon, and M. V. Artemyev, “Surface Plasmon Mediated Interference Phenomena in Low-Q Silver Nanowire Cavities,” Nano Lett. 8(1), 31–35 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  14. V. J. Sorger, R. F. Oulton, J. Yao, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Plasmonic Fabry-Pérot nanocavity,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3489–3493 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M. K. Seo, S. H. Kwon, H. S. Ee, and H. G. Park, “Full three-dimensional subwavelength high-Q surface-plasmon-polariton cavity,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4078–4082 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. J. R. Arias-González and M. Nieto-Vesperinas, “Resonant near-field eigenmodes of nanocylinders on flat surfaces under both homogeneous and inhomogeneous lightwave excitation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 18(3), 657 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  17. D. Amarie, T. D. Onuta, R. A. Potyrailo, and B. Dragnea, “Submicrometer cavity surface plasmon sensors,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(32), 15515–15519 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. Bora, B. J. Fasenfest, E. M. Behymer, A. S.-P. Chang, H. T. Nguyen, J. A. Britten, C. C. Larson, J. W. Chan, R. R. Miles, and T. C. Bond, “Plasmon resonant cavities in vertical nanowire arrays,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2832–2837 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. C. G. Biris and N. C. Panoiu, “Nonlinear pulsed excitation of high-Q optical modes of plasmonic nanocavities,” Opt. Express 18(16), 17165–17179 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-18-16-17165 .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. C. A. Pfeiffer, E. N. Economou, and K. L. Ngai, “Surface polaritons in circularly cylindrical interface: surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. B 10(8), 3038–3051 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  21. S. A. Maier, P. E. Barclay, T. J. Johnson, M. D. Friedman, and O. Painter, “Low-loss fiber accessible plasmon waveguide for planar energy guiding and sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(20), 3990 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  22. C. H. Dong, X. F. Ren, R. Yang, J. Y. Duan, J. G. Guan, G. C. Guo, and G. P. Guo, “Coupling of light from an optical fiber taper into silver nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(22), 221109 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  23. P. Dawson, J. P. Goudonnet, and F. de. Fornel, “Imaging of surface plasmon propagation and edge interaction using a photon scanning tunneling microscope,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72(18), 2927–2930 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. M. Sumetsky, “Mode localization and the Q-factor of a cylindrical microresonator,” Opt. Lett. 35(14), 2385–2387 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. B. Hecht, H. Bielefeldt, L. Novotny, Y. Inouye, and D. W. Pohl, “Local excitation, scattering, and interference of surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(9), 1889–1892 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. A. Bouhelier and G. P. Wiederrecht, “Surface plasmon rainbow jets,” Opt. Lett. 30(8), 884–886 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. J. C. Knight, G. Cheung, F. Jacques, and T. A. Birks, “Phase-matched excitation of whispering-gallery-mode resonances by a fiber taper,” Opt. Lett. 22(15), 1129–1131 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. V. A. Sychugov, V. P. Torchigin, and M. Y. Tsvetkov, “Whispering-gallery waves in optical fibres,” Quantum Electron. 32(8), 738–742 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  29. E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic Press, New York, 1998).
  30. A. W. Poon, R. K. Chang, and J. A. Lock, “Spiral morphology-dependent resonances in an optical fiber: effects of fiber tilt and focused Gaussian beam illumination,” Opt. Lett. 23(14), 1105–1107 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2010

M. Kuttge, F. J. García de Abajo, and A. Polman, “Ultrasmall mode volume plasmonic nanodisk resonators,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1537–1541 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Xiao, B. B. Li, X. Jiang, X. Y. Hu, Y. Li, and Q. H. Gong, “High quality factor, small mode volume, ring-type plasmonic microresonator on a silver chip,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 43(3), 035402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Bora, B. J. Fasenfest, E. M. Behymer, A. S.-P. Chang, H. T. Nguyen, J. A. Britten, C. C. Larson, J. W. Chan, R. R. Miles, and T. C. Bond, “Plasmon resonant cavities in vertical nanowire arrays,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2832–2837 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. G. Biris and N. C. Panoiu, “Nonlinear pulsed excitation of high-Q optical modes of plasmonic nanocavities,” Opt. Express 18(16), 17165–17179 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-18-16-17165 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Sumetsky, “Mode localization and the Q-factor of a cylindrical microresonator,” Opt. Lett. 35(14), 2385–2387 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

C. H. Dong, X. F. Ren, R. Yang, J. Y. Duan, J. G. Guan, G. C. Guo, and G. P. Guo, “Coupling of light from an optical fiber taper into silver nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(22), 221109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. J. Sorger, R. F. Oulton, J. Yao, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Plasmonic Fabry-Pérot nanocavity,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3489–3493 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. K. Seo, S. H. Kwon, H. S. Ee, and H. G. Park, “Full three-dimensional subwavelength high-Q surface-plasmon-polariton cavity,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4078–4082 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. J. R. Vesseur, F. J. García de Abajo, and A. Polman, “Modal decomposition of surface-plasmon whispering gallery resonators,” Nano Lett. 9(9), 3147–3150 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. N. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, “Direct coupling of plasmonic and photonic nanowires for hybrid nanophotonic components and circuits,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4515–4519 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. W. Kim, Y. H. Chen, J. Moore, Y. K. Wu, L. J. Guo, P. Bhattacharya, and P. C. Ku, “Subwavelength surface plasmon optical cavity—scaling, amplification, and coherence,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(5), 1521–1528 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Min, E. Ostby, V. Sorger, E. Ulin-Avila, L. Yang, X. Zhang, and K. Vahala, “High-Q surface-plasmon-polariton whispering-gallery microcavity,” Nature 457(7228), 455–458 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Perahia, T. P. M. Alegre, A. H. Safavi-Naeini, and O. Painter, “Surface-plasmon mode hybridization in subwavelength microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(20), 201114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

M. Allione, V. V. Temnov, Y. Fedutik, U. Woggon, and M. V. Artemyev, “Surface Plasmon Mediated Interference Phenomena in Low-Q Silver Nanowire Cavities,” Nano Lett. 8(1), 31–35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

J.-C. Weeber, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Submicrometer in-plane integrated surface plasmon cavities,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1352–1359 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

H. T. Miyazaki and Y. Kurokawa, “Squeezing visible light waves into a 3-nm-thick and 55-nm-long plasmon cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(9), 097401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(25), 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Amarie, T. D. Onuta, R. A. Potyrailo, and B. Dragnea, “Submicrometer cavity surface plasmon sensors,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(32), 15515–15519 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Bouhelier and G. P. Wiederrecht, “Surface plasmon rainbow jets,” Opt. Lett. 30(8), 884–886 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

S. A. Maier, P. E. Barclay, T. J. Johnson, M. D. Friedman, and O. Painter, “Low-loss fiber accessible plasmon waveguide for planar energy guiding and sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(20), 3990 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

V. A. Sychugov, V. P. Torchigin, and M. Y. Tsvetkov, “Whispering-gallery waves in optical fibres,” Quantum Electron. 32(8), 738–742 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

1998

1997

1996

B. Hecht, H. Bielefeldt, L. Novotny, Y. Inouye, and D. W. Pohl, “Local excitation, scattering, and interference of surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(9), 1889–1892 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994

P. Dawson, J. P. Goudonnet, and F. de. Fornel, “Imaging of surface plasmon propagation and edge interaction using a photon scanning tunneling microscope,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72(18), 2927–2930 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1974

C. A. Pfeiffer, E. N. Economou, and K. L. Ngai, “Surface polaritons in circularly cylindrical interface: surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. B 10(8), 3038–3051 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Alegre, T. P. M.

R. Perahia, T. P. M. Alegre, A. H. Safavi-Naeini, and O. Painter, “Surface-plasmon mode hybridization in subwavelength microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(20), 201114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Allione, M.

M. Allione, V. V. Temnov, Y. Fedutik, U. Woggon, and M. V. Artemyev, “Surface Plasmon Mediated Interference Phenomena in Low-Q Silver Nanowire Cavities,” Nano Lett. 8(1), 31–35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Amarie, D.

D. Amarie, T. D. Onuta, R. A. Potyrailo, and B. Dragnea, “Submicrometer cavity surface plasmon sensors,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(32), 15515–15519 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Arias-González, J. R.

Artemyev, M. V.

M. Allione, V. V. Temnov, Y. Fedutik, U. Woggon, and M. V. Artemyev, “Surface Plasmon Mediated Interference Phenomena in Low-Q Silver Nanowire Cavities,” Nano Lett. 8(1), 31–35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Aussenegg, F. R.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(25), 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bao, J. M.

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. N. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, “Direct coupling of plasmonic and photonic nanowires for hybrid nanophotonic components and circuits,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4515–4519 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barclay, P. E.

S. A. Maier, P. E. Barclay, T. J. Johnson, M. D. Friedman, and O. Painter, “Low-loss fiber accessible plasmon waveguide for planar energy guiding and sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(20), 3990 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartal, G.

V. J. Sorger, R. F. Oulton, J. Yao, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Plasmonic Fabry-Pérot nanocavity,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3489–3493 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Behymer, E. M.

M. Bora, B. J. Fasenfest, E. M. Behymer, A. S.-P. Chang, H. T. Nguyen, J. A. Britten, C. C. Larson, J. W. Chan, R. R. Miles, and T. C. Bond, “Plasmon resonant cavities in vertical nanowire arrays,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2832–2837 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bhattacharya, P.

M. W. Kim, Y. H. Chen, J. Moore, Y. K. Wu, L. J. Guo, P. Bhattacharya, and P. C. Ku, “Subwavelength surface plasmon optical cavity—scaling, amplification, and coherence,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(5), 1521–1528 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bielefeldt, H.

B. Hecht, H. Bielefeldt, L. Novotny, Y. Inouye, and D. W. Pohl, “Local excitation, scattering, and interference of surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(9), 1889–1892 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Biris, C. G.

Birks, T. A.

Bond, T. C.

M. Bora, B. J. Fasenfest, E. M. Behymer, A. S.-P. Chang, H. T. Nguyen, J. A. Britten, C. C. Larson, J. W. Chan, R. R. Miles, and T. C. Bond, “Plasmon resonant cavities in vertical nanowire arrays,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2832–2837 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bora, M.

M. Bora, B. J. Fasenfest, E. M. Behymer, A. S.-P. Chang, H. T. Nguyen, J. A. Britten, C. C. Larson, J. W. Chan, R. R. Miles, and T. C. Bond, “Plasmon resonant cavities in vertical nanowire arrays,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2832–2837 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bouhelier, A.

J.-C. Weeber, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Submicrometer in-plane integrated surface plasmon cavities,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1352–1359 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bouhelier and G. P. Wiederrecht, “Surface plasmon rainbow jets,” Opt. Lett. 30(8), 884–886 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Britten, J. A.

M. Bora, B. J. Fasenfest, E. M. Behymer, A. S.-P. Chang, H. T. Nguyen, J. A. Britten, C. C. Larson, J. W. Chan, R. R. Miles, and T. C. Bond, “Plasmon resonant cavities in vertical nanowire arrays,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2832–2837 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chan, J. W.

M. Bora, B. J. Fasenfest, E. M. Behymer, A. S.-P. Chang, H. T. Nguyen, J. A. Britten, C. C. Larson, J. W. Chan, R. R. Miles, and T. C. Bond, “Plasmon resonant cavities in vertical nanowire arrays,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2832–2837 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, A. S.-P.

M. Bora, B. J. Fasenfest, E. M. Behymer, A. S.-P. Chang, H. T. Nguyen, J. A. Britten, C. C. Larson, J. W. Chan, R. R. Miles, and T. C. Bond, “Plasmon resonant cavities in vertical nanowire arrays,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2832–2837 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, R. K.

Chen, Y. H.

M. W. Kim, Y. H. Chen, J. Moore, Y. K. Wu, L. J. Guo, P. Bhattacharya, and P. C. Ku, “Subwavelength surface plasmon optical cavity—scaling, amplification, and coherence,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(5), 1521–1528 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cheung, G.

Colas des Francs, G.

J.-C. Weeber, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Submicrometer in-plane integrated surface plasmon cavities,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1352–1359 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dawson, P.

P. Dawson, J. P. Goudonnet, and F. de. Fornel, “Imaging of surface plasmon propagation and edge interaction using a photon scanning tunneling microscope,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72(18), 2927–2930 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dereux, A.

J.-C. Weeber, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Submicrometer in-plane integrated surface plasmon cavities,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1352–1359 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Devaux, E.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ditlbacher, H.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(25), 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dong, C. H.

C. H. Dong, X. F. Ren, R. Yang, J. Y. Duan, J. G. Guan, G. C. Guo, and G. P. Guo, “Coupling of light from an optical fiber taper into silver nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(22), 221109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dragnea, B.

D. Amarie, T. D. Onuta, R. A. Potyrailo, and B. Dragnea, “Submicrometer cavity surface plasmon sensors,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(32), 15515–15519 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Duan, J. Y.

C. H. Dong, X. F. Ren, R. Yang, J. Y. Duan, J. G. Guan, G. C. Guo, and G. P. Guo, “Coupling of light from an optical fiber taper into silver nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(22), 221109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Economou, E. N.

C. A. Pfeiffer, E. N. Economou, and K. L. Ngai, “Surface polaritons in circularly cylindrical interface: surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. B 10(8), 3038–3051 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Ee, H. S.

M. K. Seo, S. H. Kwon, H. S. Ee, and H. G. Park, “Full three-dimensional subwavelength high-Q surface-plasmon-polariton cavity,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4078–4082 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fasenfest, B. J.

M. Bora, B. J. Fasenfest, E. M. Behymer, A. S.-P. Chang, H. T. Nguyen, J. A. Britten, C. C. Larson, J. W. Chan, R. R. Miles, and T. C. Bond, “Plasmon resonant cavities in vertical nanowire arrays,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2832–2837 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fedutik, Y.

M. Allione, V. V. Temnov, Y. Fedutik, U. Woggon, and M. V. Artemyev, “Surface Plasmon Mediated Interference Phenomena in Low-Q Silver Nanowire Cavities,” Nano Lett. 8(1), 31–35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fornel, F. de.

P. Dawson, J. P. Goudonnet, and F. de. Fornel, “Imaging of surface plasmon propagation and edge interaction using a photon scanning tunneling microscope,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72(18), 2927–2930 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Friedman, M. D.

S. A. Maier, P. E. Barclay, T. J. Johnson, M. D. Friedman, and O. Painter, “Low-loss fiber accessible plasmon waveguide for planar energy guiding and sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(20), 3990 (2004).
[CrossRef]

García de Abajo, F. J.

M. Kuttge, F. J. García de Abajo, and A. Polman, “Ultrasmall mode volume plasmonic nanodisk resonators,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1537–1541 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. J. R. Vesseur, F. J. García de Abajo, and A. Polman, “Modal decomposition of surface-plasmon whispering gallery resonators,” Nano Lett. 9(9), 3147–3150 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gong, Q. H.

Y. F. Xiao, B. B. Li, X. Jiang, X. Y. Hu, Y. Li, and Q. H. Gong, “High quality factor, small mode volume, ring-type plasmonic microresonator on a silver chip,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 43(3), 035402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Goudonnet, J. P.

P. Dawson, J. P. Goudonnet, and F. de. Fornel, “Imaging of surface plasmon propagation and edge interaction using a photon scanning tunneling microscope,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72(18), 2927–2930 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guan, J. G.

C. H. Dong, X. F. Ren, R. Yang, J. Y. Duan, J. G. Guan, G. C. Guo, and G. P. Guo, “Coupling of light from an optical fiber taper into silver nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(22), 221109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Guo, G. C.

C. H. Dong, X. F. Ren, R. Yang, J. Y. Duan, J. G. Guan, G. C. Guo, and G. P. Guo, “Coupling of light from an optical fiber taper into silver nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(22), 221109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Guo, G. P.

C. H. Dong, X. F. Ren, R. Yang, J. Y. Duan, J. G. Guan, G. C. Guo, and G. P. Guo, “Coupling of light from an optical fiber taper into silver nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(22), 221109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Guo, L. J.

M. W. Kim, Y. H. Chen, J. Moore, Y. K. Wu, L. J. Guo, P. Bhattacharya, and P. C. Ku, “Subwavelength surface plasmon optical cavity—scaling, amplification, and coherence,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(5), 1521–1528 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Guo, X.

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. N. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, “Direct coupling of plasmonic and photonic nanowires for hybrid nanophotonic components and circuits,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4515–4519 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hecht, B.

B. Hecht, H. Bielefeldt, L. Novotny, Y. Inouye, and D. W. Pohl, “Local excitation, scattering, and interference of surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(9), 1889–1892 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hofer, F.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(25), 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hohenau, A.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(25), 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hu, X. Y.

Y. F. Xiao, B. B. Li, X. Jiang, X. Y. Hu, Y. Li, and Q. H. Gong, “High quality factor, small mode volume, ring-type plasmonic microresonator on a silver chip,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 43(3), 035402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Inouye, Y.

B. Hecht, H. Bielefeldt, L. Novotny, Y. Inouye, and D. W. Pohl, “Local excitation, scattering, and interference of surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(9), 1889–1892 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jacques, F.

Jiang, X.

Y. F. Xiao, B. B. Li, X. Jiang, X. Y. Hu, Y. Li, and Q. H. Gong, “High quality factor, small mode volume, ring-type plasmonic microresonator on a silver chip,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 43(3), 035402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, T. J.

S. A. Maier, P. E. Barclay, T. J. Johnson, M. D. Friedman, and O. Painter, “Low-loss fiber accessible plasmon waveguide for planar energy guiding and sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(20), 3990 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kim, M. W.

M. W. Kim, Y. H. Chen, J. Moore, Y. K. Wu, L. J. Guo, P. Bhattacharya, and P. C. Ku, “Subwavelength surface plasmon optical cavity—scaling, amplification, and coherence,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(5), 1521–1528 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

Kreibig, U.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(25), 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krenn, J. R.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(25), 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ku, P. C.

M. W. Kim, Y. H. Chen, J. Moore, Y. K. Wu, L. J. Guo, P. Bhattacharya, and P. C. Ku, “Subwavelength surface plasmon optical cavity—scaling, amplification, and coherence,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(5), 1521–1528 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kurokawa, Y.

H. T. Miyazaki and Y. Kurokawa, “Squeezing visible light waves into a 3-nm-thick and 55-nm-long plasmon cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(9), 097401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuttge, M.

M. Kuttge, F. J. García de Abajo, and A. Polman, “Ultrasmall mode volume plasmonic nanodisk resonators,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1537–1541 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, S. H.

M. K. Seo, S. H. Kwon, H. S. Ee, and H. G. Park, “Full three-dimensional subwavelength high-Q surface-plasmon-polariton cavity,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4078–4082 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laluet, J. Y.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Larson, C. C.

M. Bora, B. J. Fasenfest, E. M. Behymer, A. S.-P. Chang, H. T. Nguyen, J. A. Britten, C. C. Larson, J. W. Chan, R. R. Miles, and T. C. Bond, “Plasmon resonant cavities in vertical nanowire arrays,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2832–2837 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, B. B.

Y. F. Xiao, B. B. Li, X. Jiang, X. Y. Hu, Y. Li, and Q. H. Gong, “High quality factor, small mode volume, ring-type plasmonic microresonator on a silver chip,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 43(3), 035402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

Y. F. Xiao, B. B. Li, X. Jiang, X. Y. Hu, Y. Li, and Q. H. Gong, “High quality factor, small mode volume, ring-type plasmonic microresonator on a silver chip,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 43(3), 035402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lock, J. A.

Ma, Y. G.

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. N. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, “Direct coupling of plasmonic and photonic nanowires for hybrid nanophotonic components and circuits,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4515–4519 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maier, S. A.

S. A. Maier, P. E. Barclay, T. J. Johnson, M. D. Friedman, and O. Painter, “Low-loss fiber accessible plasmon waveguide for planar energy guiding and sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(20), 3990 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Markey, L.

J.-C. Weeber, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Submicrometer in-plane integrated surface plasmon cavities,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1352–1359 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miles, R. R.

M. Bora, B. J. Fasenfest, E. M. Behymer, A. S.-P. Chang, H. T. Nguyen, J. A. Britten, C. C. Larson, J. W. Chan, R. R. Miles, and T. C. Bond, “Plasmon resonant cavities in vertical nanowire arrays,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2832–2837 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Min, B.

B. Min, E. Ostby, V. Sorger, E. Ulin-Avila, L. Yang, X. Zhang, and K. Vahala, “High-Q surface-plasmon-polariton whispering-gallery microcavity,” Nature 457(7228), 455–458 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miyazaki, H. T.

H. T. Miyazaki and Y. Kurokawa, “Squeezing visible light waves into a 3-nm-thick and 55-nm-long plasmon cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(9), 097401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moore, J.

M. W. Kim, Y. H. Chen, J. Moore, Y. K. Wu, L. J. Guo, P. Bhattacharya, and P. C. Ku, “Subwavelength surface plasmon optical cavity—scaling, amplification, and coherence,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(5), 1521–1528 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ngai, K. L.

C. A. Pfeiffer, E. N. Economou, and K. L. Ngai, “Surface polaritons in circularly cylindrical interface: surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. B 10(8), 3038–3051 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, H. T.

M. Bora, B. J. Fasenfest, E. M. Behymer, A. S.-P. Chang, H. T. Nguyen, J. A. Britten, C. C. Larson, J. W. Chan, R. R. Miles, and T. C. Bond, “Plasmon resonant cavities in vertical nanowire arrays,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2832–2837 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nieto-Vesperinas, M.

Novotny, L.

B. Hecht, H. Bielefeldt, L. Novotny, Y. Inouye, and D. W. Pohl, “Local excitation, scattering, and interference of surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(9), 1889–1892 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Onuta, T. D.

D. Amarie, T. D. Onuta, R. A. Potyrailo, and B. Dragnea, “Submicrometer cavity surface plasmon sensors,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(32), 15515–15519 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ostby, E.

B. Min, E. Ostby, V. Sorger, E. Ulin-Avila, L. Yang, X. Zhang, and K. Vahala, “High-Q surface-plasmon-polariton whispering-gallery microcavity,” Nature 457(7228), 455–458 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oulton, R. F.

V. J. Sorger, R. F. Oulton, J. Yao, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Plasmonic Fabry-Pérot nanocavity,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3489–3493 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Painter, O.

R. Perahia, T. P. M. Alegre, A. H. Safavi-Naeini, and O. Painter, “Surface-plasmon mode hybridization in subwavelength microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(20), 201114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Maier, P. E. Barclay, T. J. Johnson, M. D. Friedman, and O. Painter, “Low-loss fiber accessible plasmon waveguide for planar energy guiding and sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(20), 3990 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Panoiu, N. C.

Park, H. G.

M. K. Seo, S. H. Kwon, H. S. Ee, and H. G. Park, “Full three-dimensional subwavelength high-Q surface-plasmon-polariton cavity,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4078–4082 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Perahia, R.

R. Perahia, T. P. M. Alegre, A. H. Safavi-Naeini, and O. Painter, “Surface-plasmon mode hybridization in subwavelength microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(20), 201114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pfeiffer, C. A.

C. A. Pfeiffer, E. N. Economou, and K. L. Ngai, “Surface polaritons in circularly cylindrical interface: surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. B 10(8), 3038–3051 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Pohl, D. W.

B. Hecht, H. Bielefeldt, L. Novotny, Y. Inouye, and D. W. Pohl, “Local excitation, scattering, and interference of surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(9), 1889–1892 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Polman, A.

M. Kuttge, F. J. García de Abajo, and A. Polman, “Ultrasmall mode volume plasmonic nanodisk resonators,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1537–1541 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. J. R. Vesseur, F. J. García de Abajo, and A. Polman, “Modal decomposition of surface-plasmon whispering gallery resonators,” Nano Lett. 9(9), 3147–3150 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poon, A. W.

Potyrailo, R. A.

D. Amarie, T. D. Onuta, R. A. Potyrailo, and B. Dragnea, “Submicrometer cavity surface plasmon sensors,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(32), 15515–15519 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, M.

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. N. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, “Direct coupling of plasmonic and photonic nanowires for hybrid nanophotonic components and circuits,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4515–4519 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ren, X. F.

C. H. Dong, X. F. Ren, R. Yang, J. Y. Duan, J. G. Guan, G. C. Guo, and G. P. Guo, “Coupling of light from an optical fiber taper into silver nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(22), 221109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rogers, M.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(25), 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Safavi-Naeini, A. H.

R. Perahia, T. P. M. Alegre, A. H. Safavi-Naeini, and O. Painter, “Surface-plasmon mode hybridization in subwavelength microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(20), 201114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Seo, M. K.

M. K. Seo, S. H. Kwon, H. S. Ee, and H. G. Park, “Full three-dimensional subwavelength high-Q surface-plasmon-polariton cavity,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4078–4082 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sorger, V.

B. Min, E. Ostby, V. Sorger, E. Ulin-Avila, L. Yang, X. Zhang, and K. Vahala, “High-Q surface-plasmon-polariton whispering-gallery microcavity,” Nature 457(7228), 455–458 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sorger, V. J.

V. J. Sorger, R. F. Oulton, J. Yao, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Plasmonic Fabry-Pérot nanocavity,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3489–3493 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sumetsky, M.

Sychugov, V. A.

V. A. Sychugov, V. P. Torchigin, and M. Y. Tsvetkov, “Whispering-gallery waves in optical fibres,” Quantum Electron. 32(8), 738–742 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Temnov, V. V.

M. Allione, V. V. Temnov, Y. Fedutik, U. Woggon, and M. V. Artemyev, “Surface Plasmon Mediated Interference Phenomena in Low-Q Silver Nanowire Cavities,” Nano Lett. 8(1), 31–35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tong, L. M.

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. N. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, “Direct coupling of plasmonic and photonic nanowires for hybrid nanophotonic components and circuits,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4515–4519 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Torchigin, V. P.

V. A. Sychugov, V. P. Torchigin, and M. Y. Tsvetkov, “Whispering-gallery waves in optical fibres,” Quantum Electron. 32(8), 738–742 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tsvetkov, M. Y.

V. A. Sychugov, V. P. Torchigin, and M. Y. Tsvetkov, “Whispering-gallery waves in optical fibres,” Quantum Electron. 32(8), 738–742 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ulin-Avila, E.

B. Min, E. Ostby, V. Sorger, E. Ulin-Avila, L. Yang, X. Zhang, and K. Vahala, “High-Q surface-plasmon-polariton whispering-gallery microcavity,” Nature 457(7228), 455–458 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vahala, K.

B. Min, E. Ostby, V. Sorger, E. Ulin-Avila, L. Yang, X. Zhang, and K. Vahala, “High-Q surface-plasmon-polariton whispering-gallery microcavity,” Nature 457(7228), 455–458 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vesseur, E. J. R.

E. J. R. Vesseur, F. J. García de Abajo, and A. Polman, “Modal decomposition of surface-plasmon whispering gallery resonators,” Nano Lett. 9(9), 3147–3150 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Volkov, V. S.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wagner, D.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(25), 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weeber, J.-C.

J.-C. Weeber, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Submicrometer in-plane integrated surface plasmon cavities,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1352–1359 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wiederrecht, G. P.

Wiley, B. J.

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. N. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, “Direct coupling of plasmonic and photonic nanowires for hybrid nanophotonic components and circuits,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4515–4519 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Woggon, U.

M. Allione, V. V. Temnov, Y. Fedutik, U. Woggon, and M. V. Artemyev, “Surface Plasmon Mediated Interference Phenomena in Low-Q Silver Nanowire Cavities,” Nano Lett. 8(1), 31–35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Y. K.

M. W. Kim, Y. H. Chen, J. Moore, Y. K. Wu, L. J. Guo, P. Bhattacharya, and P. C. Ku, “Subwavelength surface plasmon optical cavity—scaling, amplification, and coherence,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(5), 1521–1528 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, Y. F.

Y. F. Xiao, B. B. Li, X. Jiang, X. Y. Hu, Y. Li, and Q. H. Gong, “High quality factor, small mode volume, ring-type plasmonic microresonator on a silver chip,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 43(3), 035402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yang, L.

B. Min, E. Ostby, V. Sorger, E. Ulin-Avila, L. Yang, X. Zhang, and K. Vahala, “High-Q surface-plasmon-polariton whispering-gallery microcavity,” Nature 457(7228), 455–458 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, Q.

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. N. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, “Direct coupling of plasmonic and photonic nanowires for hybrid nanophotonic components and circuits,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4515–4519 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, R.

C. H. Dong, X. F. Ren, R. Yang, J. Y. Duan, J. G. Guan, G. C. Guo, and G. P. Guo, “Coupling of light from an optical fiber taper into silver nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(22), 221109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yao, J.

V. J. Sorger, R. F. Oulton, J. Yao, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Plasmonic Fabry-Pérot nanocavity,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3489–3493 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, H. K.

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. N. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, “Direct coupling of plasmonic and photonic nanowires for hybrid nanophotonic components and circuits,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4515–4519 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

B. Min, E. Ostby, V. Sorger, E. Ulin-Avila, L. Yang, X. Zhang, and K. Vahala, “High-Q surface-plasmon-polariton whispering-gallery microcavity,” Nature 457(7228), 455–458 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. J. Sorger, R. F. Oulton, J. Yao, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Plasmonic Fabry-Pérot nanocavity,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3489–3493 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, X. N.

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. N. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, “Direct coupling of plasmonic and photonic nanowires for hybrid nanophotonic components and circuits,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4515–4519 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

R. Perahia, T. P. M. Alegre, A. H. Safavi-Naeini, and O. Painter, “Surface-plasmon mode hybridization in subwavelength microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(20), 201114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Maier, P. E. Barclay, T. J. Johnson, M. D. Friedman, and O. Painter, “Low-loss fiber accessible plasmon waveguide for planar energy guiding and sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(20), 3990 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Dong, X. F. Ren, R. Yang, J. Y. Duan, J. G. Guan, G. C. Guo, and G. P. Guo, “Coupling of light from an optical fiber taper into silver nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(22), 221109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

M. W. Kim, Y. H. Chen, J. Moore, Y. K. Wu, L. J. Guo, P. Bhattacharya, and P. C. Ku, “Subwavelength surface plasmon optical cavity—scaling, amplification, and coherence,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(5), 1521–1528 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys.

Y. F. Xiao, B. B. Li, X. Jiang, X. Y. Hu, Y. Li, and Q. H. Gong, “High quality factor, small mode volume, ring-type plasmonic microresonator on a silver chip,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 43(3), 035402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. B

D. Amarie, T. D. Onuta, R. A. Potyrailo, and B. Dragnea, “Submicrometer cavity surface plasmon sensors,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(32), 15515–15519 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett.

M. Bora, B. J. Fasenfest, E. M. Behymer, A. S.-P. Chang, H. T. Nguyen, J. A. Britten, C. C. Larson, J. W. Chan, R. R. Miles, and T. C. Bond, “Plasmon resonant cavities in vertical nanowire arrays,” Nano Lett. 10(8), 2832–2837 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-C. Weeber, A. Bouhelier, G. Colas des Francs, L. Markey, and A. Dereux, “Submicrometer in-plane integrated surface plasmon cavities,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1352–1359 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Allione, V. V. Temnov, Y. Fedutik, U. Woggon, and M. V. Artemyev, “Surface Plasmon Mediated Interference Phenomena in Low-Q Silver Nanowire Cavities,” Nano Lett. 8(1), 31–35 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. J. Sorger, R. F. Oulton, J. Yao, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Plasmonic Fabry-Pérot nanocavity,” Nano Lett. 9(10), 3489–3493 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. K. Seo, S. H. Kwon, H. S. Ee, and H. G. Park, “Full three-dimensional subwavelength high-Q surface-plasmon-polariton cavity,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4078–4082 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. J. R. Vesseur, F. J. García de Abajo, and A. Polman, “Modal decomposition of surface-plasmon whispering gallery resonators,” Nano Lett. 9(9), 3147–3150 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. N. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, “Direct coupling of plasmonic and photonic nanowires for hybrid nanophotonic components and circuits,” Nano Lett. 9(12), 4515–4519 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kuttge, F. J. García de Abajo, and A. Polman, “Ultrasmall mode volume plasmonic nanodisk resonators,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1537–1541 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nature

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Min, E. Ostby, V. Sorger, E. Ulin-Avila, L. Yang, X. Zhang, and K. Vahala, “High-Q surface-plasmon-polariton whispering-gallery microcavity,” Nature 457(7228), 455–458 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

C. A. Pfeiffer, E. N. Economou, and K. L. Ngai, “Surface polaritons in circularly cylindrical interface: surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. B 10(8), 3038–3051 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

B. Hecht, H. Bielefeldt, L. Novotny, Y. Inouye, and D. W. Pohl, “Local excitation, scattering, and interference of surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(9), 1889–1892 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(25), 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. T. Miyazaki and Y. Kurokawa, “Squeezing visible light waves into a 3-nm-thick and 55-nm-long plasmon cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(9), 097401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Dawson, J. P. Goudonnet, and F. de. Fornel, “Imaging of surface plasmon propagation and edge interaction using a photon scanning tunneling microscope,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 72(18), 2927–2930 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Quantum Electron.

V. A. Sychugov, V. P. Torchigin, and M. Y. Tsvetkov, “Whispering-gallery waves in optical fibres,” Quantum Electron. 32(8), 738–742 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic Press, New York, 1998).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic illustration of plasmonic resonance of WG modes in a metallic cylinder cavity. (a) Metallic cylinder with a fiber taper for SPP excitation. (b) Structural resemblance of the decoiled metallic cylinder.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Microscope images of a 29-μm-diameter Au wire. (a) Scanning electron microscope image of the wire surface. Scale bar, 2 μm. (b) Optical microscope image of the wire excited by a supercontinuum using a fiber taper. The direction of the excitation light is denoted by a white arrow, and the coupling angle (the cross angle between the fiber taper and the Au wire) is denoted as α. Scale bar, 30 μm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Characterization of resonant WG modes in typical metallic cylinders. (a) Normalized transmission spectra of a 25-μm-diameter Au wire, with resonant dips fitted by Lorentzian curves (red lines). (b) Comparison of normalized transmission spectra of a 25- (upper) and a 30-μm-diameter (bottom) Au wires. The former is truncated from (a). (c) Statistical histograms of the measured Q factors of the first order SPP eigenmodes in the Au wires. Qmean represents the average Q value; σ is the standard deviation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Plasmonic WG resonance versus coupling angle α. The normalized transmission spectra are obtained from a 30-μm-diameter Au wire with α of (a) 50°, (b) 80°, (c) 110° and (d) 140°, separately. Optical images at the right column correspond to the recorded spectra with measured α. (e) Structural resemblance of the decoiled metallic cylinder under non-vertical coupling condition.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

β ¯ = β = [ k 2 n 2 2.405 2 / ρ 2 ] 1 / 2 ,
L β ¯ = 2 π m ,
F S R = λ 2 / [ L ( n A u λ d n A u d λ ) ] ,
L l = 1 = π D ,

Metrics