Abstract

The tunable multi-channel wavelength demultiplexer (WDM) based on metal-insulator-metal plasmonic nanodisk resonators is designed and numerically investigated by utilizing Finite-Difference Time-Domain (FDTD) simulations. It is found that the channel wavelength of WDM is easily tuned by changing the geometrical parameters of the structure and the material filled in the nanodisk resonator. The multi-channel WDM structure consisting of a plasmonic waveguide and several nanodisk resonators increases the transmission up to 70% at telecommunication regime, which is two times higher than the results reported in a recent literature [Opt. Express 18, 11111 (2010)]. Our WDM can find important potential applications in highly integrated optical circuits.

© 2011 OSA

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References

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2010 (4)

2009 (7)

2008 (2)

H. Zhao, X. Guang, and J. Huang, “Novel optical directional coupler based on surface plasmon polaritons,” Physica E 40(10), 3025–3029 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Lin and X. Huang, “Tooth-shaped plasmonic waveguide filters with nanometeric sizes,” Opt. Lett. 33(23), 2874–2876 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (4)

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445(7123), 39–46 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. S. Volkov, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Wavelength selective nanophotonic components utilizing channel plasmon polaritons,” Nano Lett. 7(4), 880–884 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Hosseini and Y. Massoud, “Nanoscale surface Plasmon based resonator using rectangular geometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(18), 181102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. H. Han, E. Forsberg, and S. He, “Surface plasmon Bragg gratings formed in metal-insulator-metal waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(2), 91–93 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

2003 (1)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

V. S. Volkov, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Wavelength selective nanophotonic components utilizing channel plasmon polaritons,” Nano Lett. 7(4), 880–884 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brongersma, M. L.

Chen, J.

Chremmos, I.

Degiron, A.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deng, Q.

Dereux, A.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Devaux, E.

V. S. Volkov, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Wavelength selective nanophotonic components utilizing channel plasmon polaritons,” Nano Lett. 7(4), 880–884 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Du, C.

Ebbesen, T. W.

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445(7123), 39–46 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. S. Volkov, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Wavelength selective nanophotonic components utilizing channel plasmon polaritons,” Nano Lett. 7(4), 880–884 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, S.

Forsberg, E.

Z. H. Han, E. Forsberg, and S. He, “Surface plasmon Bragg gratings formed in metal-insulator-metal waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(2), 91–93 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gao, H.

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Genet, C.

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445(7123), 39–46 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gong, Y.

Gong, Y. K.

Guang, X.

H. Zhao, X. Guang, and J. Huang, “Novel optical directional coupler based on surface plasmon polaritons,” Physica E 40(10), 3025–3029 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Han, Z. H.

Z. H. Han, E. Forsberg, and S. He, “Surface plasmon Bragg gratings formed in metal-insulator-metal waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(2), 91–93 (2007).
[CrossRef]

He, S.

Z. H. Han, E. Forsberg, and S. He, “Surface plasmon Bragg gratings formed in metal-insulator-metal waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(2), 91–93 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hosseini, A.

A. Hosseini and Y. Massoud, “Nanoscale surface Plasmon based resonator using rectangular geometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(18), 181102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hu, X.

Huang, J.

H. Zhao, X. Guang, and J. Huang, “Novel optical directional coupler based on surface plasmon polaritons,” Physica E 40(10), 3025–3029 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Huang, X.

Jin, X.

Kocabas, S. E.

Laluet, J. Y.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laluet, J.-Y.

V. S. Volkov, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Wavelength selective nanophotonic components utilizing channel plasmon polaritons,” Nano Lett. 7(4), 880–884 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lezec, H. J.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, Q.

Li, X.

Lin, X.

Linke, R. A.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

Liu, X. M.

Lu, H.

Luo, X.

Lv, Y.

Mao, D.

Martin-Moreno, L.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Massoud, Y.

A. Hosseini and Y. Massoud, “Nanoscale surface Plasmon based resonator using rectangular geometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(18), 181102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Miller, D. A. B.

Qiu, M.

Shi, H.

Su, Y. K.

Tao, J.

Veronis, G.

Volkov, V. S.

V. S. Volkov, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Wavelength selective nanophotonic components utilizing channel plasmon polaritons,” Nano Lett. 7(4), 880–884 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, C.

Wang, H.

Wang, L.

Wang, L. R.

Wang, T.

Wen, X.

Yan, M.

Yao, H.

Yin, C.

Yu, Z.

Zhang, Q.

Zhao, H.

H. Zhao, X. Guang, and J. Huang, “Novel optical directional coupler based on surface plasmon polaritons,” Physica E 40(10), 3025–3029 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, J.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

G. Veronis and S. Fan, “Bends and splitters in metal-dielectric-metal subwavelength plasmonic waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(13), 131102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Hosseini and Y. Massoud, “Nanoscale surface Plasmon based resonator using rectangular geometry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(18), 181102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Z. H. Han, E. Forsberg, and S. He, “Surface plasmon Bragg gratings formed in metal-insulator-metal waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(2), 91–93 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Nano Lett. (1)

V. S. Volkov, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, E. Devaux, J.-Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Wavelength selective nanophotonic components utilizing channel plasmon polaritons,” Nano Lett. 7(4), 880–884 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature (3)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Genet and T. W. Ebbesen, “Light in tiny holes,” Nature 445(7123), 39–46 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (8)

T. Wang, X. Wen, C. Yin, and H. Wang, “The transmission characteristics of surface plasmon polaritons in ring resonator,” Opt. Express 17(26), 24096–24101 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Gao, H. Shi, C. Wang, C. Du, X. Luo, Q. Deng, Y. Lv, X. Lin, and H. Yao, “Surface plasmon polariton propagation and combination in Y-shaped metallic channels,” Opt. Express 13(26), 10795–10800 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Gong, L. Wang, X. Hu, X. Li, and X. Liu, “Broad-bandgap and low-sidelobe surface plasmon polariton reflector with Bragg-grating-based MIM waveguide,” Opt. Express 17(16), 13727–13736 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Tao, X. Huang, X. Lin, Q. Zhang, and X. Jin, “A narrow-band subwavelength plasmonic waveguide filter with asymmetrical multiple teeth-shaped structure,” Opt. Express 17(16), 13989–13994 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Tao, X. Huang, X. Lin, Q. Zhang, and X. Jin, “A narrow-band subwavelength plasmonic waveguide filter with asymmetrical multiple-teeth-shaped structure,” Opt. Express 17(16), 13989–13994 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Li, T. Wang, Y. K. Su, M. Yan, and M. Qiu, “Coupled mode theory analysis of mode-splitting in coupled cavity system,” Opt. Express 18(8), 8367–8382 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Tao, X. Huang, and J. Zhu, “A wavelength demultiplexing structure based on metal-dielectric-metal plasmonic nano-capillary resonators,” Opt. Express 18(11), 11111–11116 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Lu, X. M. Liu, D. Mao, L. R. Wang, and Y. K. Gong, “Tunable band-pass plasmonic waveguide filters with nanodisk resonators,” Opt. Express 18(17), 17922–17927 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Physica E (1)

H. Zhao, X. Guang, and J. Huang, “Novel optical directional coupler based on surface plasmon polaritons,” Physica E 40(10), 3025–3029 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,” Science 297(5582), 820–822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

A. Taflove, and S. C. Hagness, Computational Electrodynamics: The Finite-Difference Time-Domain Method, 2nd ed. (Artech House, 2000).

Supplementary Material (2)

» Media 1: MOV (863 KB)     
» Media 2: MOV (514 KB)     

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Transmission spectrum of the waveguide with a nanodisk resonator. The inset is schematic diagram of the plasmonic filter.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Transmission spectra for different radii of the nanodisk resonator with d = 8 nm, t = 50 nm. (b) Transmitted-peak wavelength of the filter versus the radius of the nanodisk.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Transmission spectra for different refractive index with r = 300 nm, d = 8 nm, and t = 50 nm. (b) Transmitted-peak wavelength of the filter versus refractive index.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Transmission spectra for different coupling length d with r = 360 nm, t = 50 nm, and n = 1.3.(b) Transmitted-peak wavelength versus the coupling length d.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Schematic diagram of the three-channel WDM. (b) Transmission spectra of the three channels.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Schematic diagram of the five-channel WDM. (b) Transmission spectra of the five channels. (c)-(d) Contour profiles of field |H z| at wavelength 1444 nm (Media 1), 1550 nm (Media 2), respectively

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Transmission spectra of the four-channel WDM without cavity III. The inset is schematic diagram of the four-channel WDM.

Equations (2)

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ε m ( ω ) = ε ω p 2 / [ ω ( ω + i γ ) ] .
T ( w ) = ( 1 / τ w ) 2 ( w w 0 ) 2 + ( 1 / τ i + 1 / τ w ) 2

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