Abstract

Coupling of L-type photonic-crystal (PhC) cavities in a geometry that follows inherent cavity field distribution is exploited for demonstrating large mode splitting of up to ~10-20 nm (~15-30 meV) near 1µm wavelength. This is much larger than the disorder-induced cavity detuning for conventional PhC technology, which ensures reproducible coupling. Furthermore, a microlaser based on such optimally coupled PhC cavities and incorporating quantum wire gain medium is demonstrated, with potential applications in fast switching and modulation.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. K. J. Vahala, “Optical microcavities,” Nature 424(6950), 839–846 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. J. Hartmann, F. G. S. L. Brandão, and M. B. Plenio, “Strongly interacting polaritons in coupled arrays of cavities,” Nat. Phys. 2(12), 849–855 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. Gerace, H. E. Tureci, A. Imamoglu, V. Giovannetti, and R. Fazio, “The quantum-optical Josephson interferometer,” Nat. Phys. 5(4), 281–284 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. L. O'Brien, A. Furusawa, and J. Vuckovic, “Photonic quantum technologies,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 687–695 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. O’Brien, M. D. Settle, T. Karle, A. Michaeli, M. Salib, and T. F. Krauss, “Coupled photonic crystal heterostructure nanocavities,” Opt. Express 15(3), 1228–1233 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. L. D. A. Lundeberg, D. L. Boiko, and E. Kapon, “Coupled islands of photonic crystal heterostructures implemented with vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(24), 241120 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Altug, D. Englund, and J. Vučković, “Ultrafast photonic crystal nanocavity laser,” Nat. Phys. 2(7), 484–488 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. V. Zhukovsky, D. N. Chigrin, A. V. Lavrinenko, and J. Kroha, “Switchable lasing in multimode microcavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(7), 073902 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. A. Golshani, H. Pier, E. Kapon, and M. Moser, “Photon mode localization in disordered arrays of vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 85(4), 2454–2456 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. L. Mutter, V. Iakovlev, A. Caliman, A. Mereuta, A. Sirbu, and E. Kapon, “1.3 microm-wavelength phase-locked VCSEL arrays incorporating patterned tunnel junction,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8558–8566 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. K. A. Atlasov, M. Felici, K. F. Karlsson, P. Gallo, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon, “1D photonic band formation and photon localization in finite-size photonic-crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 18(1), 117–122 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. H. Pier and E. Kapon, “Photon localization in lattices of coupled vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with dimensionalities between one and two,” Opt. Lett. 22(8), 546–548 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. G. Biasiol, F. Reinhardt, A. Gustafsson, and E. Kapon, “Self-limiting OMCVD growth of GaAs on V-grooved substrates with application to InGaAs/GaAs quantum wires,” J. Electron. Mater. 26(10), 1194–1198 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  14. K. A. Atlasov, K. F. Karlsson, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon, “Wavelength and loss splitting in directly coupled photonic-crystal defect microcavities,” Opt. Express 16(20), 16255–16264 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. S. Vignolini, F. Intonti, M. Zani, F. Riboli, D. S. Wiersma, L. H. Li, L. Balet, M. Francardi, A. Gerardino, A. Fiore, and M. Gurioli, “Near-field imaging of coupled photonic-crystal microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151103 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  16. Q. Zhu, K. F. Karlsson, M. Byszewski, A. Rudra, E. Pelucchi, Z. He, and E. Kapon, “Hybridization of electron and hole states in semiconductor quantum-dot molecules,” Small 5(3), 329–335 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. K. A. Atlasov, P. Gallo, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon, “Effect of sidewall passivation in BCl3/N2 inductively coupled plasma etching of two-dimensional GaAs photonic crystals,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 27(5), L21–L24 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  18. Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, “High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Nature 425(6961), 944–947 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. A. Surrente, P. Gallo, M. Felici, B. Dwir, A. Rudra, and E. Kapon, “Dense arrays of ordered pyramidal quantum dots with narrow linewidth photoluminescence spectra,” Nanotechnology 20(41), 415205 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. K. A. Atlasov, M. Calic, K. F. Karlsson, P. Gallo, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon, “Photonic-crystal microcavity laser with site-controlled quantum-wire active medium,” Opt. Express 17(20), 18178–18183 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. G. Bjork and Y. Yamamoto, “Analysis of semiconductor microcavity lasers using rate equations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(11), 2386–2396 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  22. H. E. Türeci, A. D. Stone, and L. Ge, “Theory of the spatial structure of nonlinear lasing modes,” Phys. Rev. A 76(1), 013813 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  23. S. V. Zhukovsky, D. N. Chigrin, and J. Kroha, “Bistability and mode interaction in microlasers,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033803 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2010

K. A. Atlasov, M. Felici, K. F. Karlsson, P. Gallo, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon, “1D photonic band formation and photon localization in finite-size photonic-crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 18(1), 117–122 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

L. Mutter, V. Iakovlev, A. Caliman, A. Mereuta, A. Sirbu, and E. Kapon, “1.3 microm-wavelength phase-locked VCSEL arrays incorporating patterned tunnel junction,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8558–8566 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Vignolini, F. Intonti, M. Zani, F. Riboli, D. S. Wiersma, L. H. Li, L. Balet, M. Francardi, A. Gerardino, A. Fiore, and M. Gurioli, “Near-field imaging of coupled photonic-crystal microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Q. Zhu, K. F. Karlsson, M. Byszewski, A. Rudra, E. Pelucchi, Z. He, and E. Kapon, “Hybridization of electron and hole states in semiconductor quantum-dot molecules,” Small 5(3), 329–335 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. A. Atlasov, P. Gallo, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon, “Effect of sidewall passivation in BCl3/N2 inductively coupled plasma etching of two-dimensional GaAs photonic crystals,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 27(5), L21–L24 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. Gerace, H. E. Tureci, A. Imamoglu, V. Giovannetti, and R. Fazio, “The quantum-optical Josephson interferometer,” Nat. Phys. 5(4), 281–284 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. L. O'Brien, A. Furusawa, and J. Vuckovic, “Photonic quantum technologies,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 687–695 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Surrente, P. Gallo, M. Felici, B. Dwir, A. Rudra, and E. Kapon, “Dense arrays of ordered pyramidal quantum dots with narrow linewidth photoluminescence spectra,” Nanotechnology 20(41), 415205 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. A. Atlasov, M. Calic, K. F. Karlsson, P. Gallo, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon, “Photonic-crystal microcavity laser with site-controlled quantum-wire active medium,” Opt. Express 17(20), 18178–18183 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. V. Zhukovsky, D. N. Chigrin, and J. Kroha, “Bistability and mode interaction in microlasers,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033803 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

K. A. Atlasov, K. F. Karlsson, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon, “Wavelength and loss splitting in directly coupled photonic-crystal defect microcavities,” Opt. Express 16(20), 16255–16264 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

H. E. Türeci, A. D. Stone, and L. Ge, “Theory of the spatial structure of nonlinear lasing modes,” Phys. Rev. A 76(1), 013813 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. O’Brien, M. D. Settle, T. Karle, A. Michaeli, M. Salib, and T. F. Krauss, “Coupled photonic crystal heterostructure nanocavities,” Opt. Express 15(3), 1228–1233 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. V. Zhukovsky, D. N. Chigrin, A. V. Lavrinenko, and J. Kroha, “Switchable lasing in multimode microcavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(7), 073902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

M. J. Hartmann, F. G. S. L. Brandão, and M. B. Plenio, “Strongly interacting polaritons in coupled arrays of cavities,” Nat. Phys. 2(12), 849–855 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Altug, D. Englund, and J. Vučković, “Ultrafast photonic crystal nanocavity laser,” Nat. Phys. 2(7), 484–488 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

L. D. A. Lundeberg, D. L. Boiko, and E. Kapon, “Coupled islands of photonic crystal heterostructures implemented with vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(24), 241120 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003

K. J. Vahala, “Optical microcavities,” Nature 424(6950), 839–846 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, “High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Nature 425(6961), 944–947 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

A. Golshani, H. Pier, E. Kapon, and M. Moser, “Photon mode localization in disordered arrays of vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 85(4), 2454–2456 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997

H. Pier and E. Kapon, “Photon localization in lattices of coupled vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with dimensionalities between one and two,” Opt. Lett. 22(8), 546–548 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Biasiol, F. Reinhardt, A. Gustafsson, and E. Kapon, “Self-limiting OMCVD growth of GaAs on V-grooved substrates with application to InGaAs/GaAs quantum wires,” J. Electron. Mater. 26(10), 1194–1198 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1991

G. Bjork and Y. Yamamoto, “Analysis of semiconductor microcavity lasers using rate equations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(11), 2386–2396 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Akahane, Y.

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, “High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Nature 425(6961), 944–947 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Altug, H.

H. Altug, D. Englund, and J. Vučković, “Ultrafast photonic crystal nanocavity laser,” Nat. Phys. 2(7), 484–488 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Asano, T.

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, “High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Nature 425(6961), 944–947 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Atlasov, K. A.

K. A. Atlasov, M. Felici, K. F. Karlsson, P. Gallo, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon, “1D photonic band formation and photon localization in finite-size photonic-crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 18(1), 117–122 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. A. Atlasov, P. Gallo, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon, “Effect of sidewall passivation in BCl3/N2 inductively coupled plasma etching of two-dimensional GaAs photonic crystals,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 27(5), L21–L24 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Atlasov, M. Calic, K. F. Karlsson, P. Gallo, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon, “Photonic-crystal microcavity laser with site-controlled quantum-wire active medium,” Opt. Express 17(20), 18178–18183 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. A. Atlasov, K. F. Karlsson, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon, “Wavelength and loss splitting in directly coupled photonic-crystal defect microcavities,” Opt. Express 16(20), 16255–16264 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Balet, L.

S. Vignolini, F. Intonti, M. Zani, F. Riboli, D. S. Wiersma, L. H. Li, L. Balet, M. Francardi, A. Gerardino, A. Fiore, and M. Gurioli, “Near-field imaging of coupled photonic-crystal microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Biasiol, G.

G. Biasiol, F. Reinhardt, A. Gustafsson, and E. Kapon, “Self-limiting OMCVD growth of GaAs on V-grooved substrates with application to InGaAs/GaAs quantum wires,” J. Electron. Mater. 26(10), 1194–1198 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bjork, G.

G. Bjork and Y. Yamamoto, “Analysis of semiconductor microcavity lasers using rate equations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(11), 2386–2396 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Boiko, D. L.

L. D. A. Lundeberg, D. L. Boiko, and E. Kapon, “Coupled islands of photonic crystal heterostructures implemented with vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(24), 241120 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Brandão, F. G. S. L.

M. J. Hartmann, F. G. S. L. Brandão, and M. B. Plenio, “Strongly interacting polaritons in coupled arrays of cavities,” Nat. Phys. 2(12), 849–855 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Byszewski, M.

Q. Zhu, K. F. Karlsson, M. Byszewski, A. Rudra, E. Pelucchi, Z. He, and E. Kapon, “Hybridization of electron and hole states in semiconductor quantum-dot molecules,” Small 5(3), 329–335 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Calic, M.

K. A. Atlasov, M. Calic, K. F. Karlsson, P. Gallo, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon, “Photonic-crystal microcavity laser with site-controlled quantum-wire active medium,” Opt. Express 17(20), 18178–18183 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Caliman, A.

L. Mutter, V. Iakovlev, A. Caliman, A. Mereuta, A. Sirbu, and E. Kapon, “1.3 microm-wavelength phase-locked VCSEL arrays incorporating patterned tunnel junction,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8558–8566 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chigrin, D. N.

S. V. Zhukovsky, D. N. Chigrin, and J. Kroha, “Bistability and mode interaction in microlasers,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033803 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Zhukovsky, D. N. Chigrin, A. V. Lavrinenko, and J. Kroha, “Switchable lasing in multimode microcavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(7), 073902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dwir, B.

K. A. Atlasov, M. Felici, K. F. Karlsson, P. Gallo, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon, “1D photonic band formation and photon localization in finite-size photonic-crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 18(1), 117–122 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. A. Atlasov, M. Calic, K. F. Karlsson, P. Gallo, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon, “Photonic-crystal microcavity laser with site-controlled quantum-wire active medium,” Opt. Express 17(20), 18178–18183 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Surrente, P. Gallo, M. Felici, B. Dwir, A. Rudra, and E. Kapon, “Dense arrays of ordered pyramidal quantum dots with narrow linewidth photoluminescence spectra,” Nanotechnology 20(41), 415205 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. A. Atlasov, P. Gallo, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon, “Effect of sidewall passivation in BCl3/N2 inductively coupled plasma etching of two-dimensional GaAs photonic crystals,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 27(5), L21–L24 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Atlasov, K. F. Karlsson, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon, “Wavelength and loss splitting in directly coupled photonic-crystal defect microcavities,” Opt. Express 16(20), 16255–16264 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Englund, D.

H. Altug, D. Englund, and J. Vučković, “Ultrafast photonic crystal nanocavity laser,” Nat. Phys. 2(7), 484–488 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fazio, R.

D. Gerace, H. E. Tureci, A. Imamoglu, V. Giovannetti, and R. Fazio, “The quantum-optical Josephson interferometer,” Nat. Phys. 5(4), 281–284 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Felici, M.

K. A. Atlasov, M. Felici, K. F. Karlsson, P. Gallo, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon, “1D photonic band formation and photon localization in finite-size photonic-crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 18(1), 117–122 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Surrente, P. Gallo, M. Felici, B. Dwir, A. Rudra, and E. Kapon, “Dense arrays of ordered pyramidal quantum dots with narrow linewidth photoluminescence spectra,” Nanotechnology 20(41), 415205 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fiore, A.

S. Vignolini, F. Intonti, M. Zani, F. Riboli, D. S. Wiersma, L. H. Li, L. Balet, M. Francardi, A. Gerardino, A. Fiore, and M. Gurioli, “Near-field imaging of coupled photonic-crystal microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Francardi, M.

S. Vignolini, F. Intonti, M. Zani, F. Riboli, D. S. Wiersma, L. H. Li, L. Balet, M. Francardi, A. Gerardino, A. Fiore, and M. Gurioli, “Near-field imaging of coupled photonic-crystal microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Furusawa, A.

J. L. O'Brien, A. Furusawa, and J. Vuckovic, “Photonic quantum technologies,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 687–695 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gallo, P.

K. A. Atlasov, M. Felici, K. F. Karlsson, P. Gallo, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon, “1D photonic band formation and photon localization in finite-size photonic-crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 18(1), 117–122 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Surrente, P. Gallo, M. Felici, B. Dwir, A. Rudra, and E. Kapon, “Dense arrays of ordered pyramidal quantum dots with narrow linewidth photoluminescence spectra,” Nanotechnology 20(41), 415205 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. A. Atlasov, P. Gallo, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon, “Effect of sidewall passivation in BCl3/N2 inductively coupled plasma etching of two-dimensional GaAs photonic crystals,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 27(5), L21–L24 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Atlasov, M. Calic, K. F. Karlsson, P. Gallo, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon, “Photonic-crystal microcavity laser with site-controlled quantum-wire active medium,” Opt. Express 17(20), 18178–18183 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ge, L.

H. E. Türeci, A. D. Stone, and L. Ge, “Theory of the spatial structure of nonlinear lasing modes,” Phys. Rev. A 76(1), 013813 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gerace, D.

D. Gerace, H. E. Tureci, A. Imamoglu, V. Giovannetti, and R. Fazio, “The quantum-optical Josephson interferometer,” Nat. Phys. 5(4), 281–284 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gerardino, A.

S. Vignolini, F. Intonti, M. Zani, F. Riboli, D. S. Wiersma, L. H. Li, L. Balet, M. Francardi, A. Gerardino, A. Fiore, and M. Gurioli, “Near-field imaging of coupled photonic-crystal microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Giovannetti, V.

D. Gerace, H. E. Tureci, A. Imamoglu, V. Giovannetti, and R. Fazio, “The quantum-optical Josephson interferometer,” Nat. Phys. 5(4), 281–284 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Golshani, A.

A. Golshani, H. Pier, E. Kapon, and M. Moser, “Photon mode localization in disordered arrays of vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 85(4), 2454–2456 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gurioli, M.

S. Vignolini, F. Intonti, M. Zani, F. Riboli, D. S. Wiersma, L. H. Li, L. Balet, M. Francardi, A. Gerardino, A. Fiore, and M. Gurioli, “Near-field imaging of coupled photonic-crystal microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gustafsson, A.

G. Biasiol, F. Reinhardt, A. Gustafsson, and E. Kapon, “Self-limiting OMCVD growth of GaAs on V-grooved substrates with application to InGaAs/GaAs quantum wires,” J. Electron. Mater. 26(10), 1194–1198 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hartmann, M. J.

M. J. Hartmann, F. G. S. L. Brandão, and M. B. Plenio, “Strongly interacting polaritons in coupled arrays of cavities,” Nat. Phys. 2(12), 849–855 (2006).
[CrossRef]

He, Z.

Q. Zhu, K. F. Karlsson, M. Byszewski, A. Rudra, E. Pelucchi, Z. He, and E. Kapon, “Hybridization of electron and hole states in semiconductor quantum-dot molecules,” Small 5(3), 329–335 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Iakovlev, V.

L. Mutter, V. Iakovlev, A. Caliman, A. Mereuta, A. Sirbu, and E. Kapon, “1.3 microm-wavelength phase-locked VCSEL arrays incorporating patterned tunnel junction,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8558–8566 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Imamoglu, A.

D. Gerace, H. E. Tureci, A. Imamoglu, V. Giovannetti, and R. Fazio, “The quantum-optical Josephson interferometer,” Nat. Phys. 5(4), 281–284 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Intonti, F.

S. Vignolini, F. Intonti, M. Zani, F. Riboli, D. S. Wiersma, L. H. Li, L. Balet, M. Francardi, A. Gerardino, A. Fiore, and M. Gurioli, “Near-field imaging of coupled photonic-crystal microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kapon, E.

K. A. Atlasov, M. Felici, K. F. Karlsson, P. Gallo, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon, “1D photonic band formation and photon localization in finite-size photonic-crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 18(1), 117–122 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Mutter, V. Iakovlev, A. Caliman, A. Mereuta, A. Sirbu, and E. Kapon, “1.3 microm-wavelength phase-locked VCSEL arrays incorporating patterned tunnel junction,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8558–8566 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Zhu, K. F. Karlsson, M. Byszewski, A. Rudra, E. Pelucchi, Z. He, and E. Kapon, “Hybridization of electron and hole states in semiconductor quantum-dot molecules,” Small 5(3), 329–335 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. A. Atlasov, M. Calic, K. F. Karlsson, P. Gallo, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon, “Photonic-crystal microcavity laser with site-controlled quantum-wire active medium,” Opt. Express 17(20), 18178–18183 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. A. Atlasov, P. Gallo, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon, “Effect of sidewall passivation in BCl3/N2 inductively coupled plasma etching of two-dimensional GaAs photonic crystals,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 27(5), L21–L24 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Surrente, P. Gallo, M. Felici, B. Dwir, A. Rudra, and E. Kapon, “Dense arrays of ordered pyramidal quantum dots with narrow linewidth photoluminescence spectra,” Nanotechnology 20(41), 415205 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. A. Atlasov, K. F. Karlsson, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon, “Wavelength and loss splitting in directly coupled photonic-crystal defect microcavities,” Opt. Express 16(20), 16255–16264 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. D. A. Lundeberg, D. L. Boiko, and E. Kapon, “Coupled islands of photonic crystal heterostructures implemented with vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(24), 241120 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Golshani, H. Pier, E. Kapon, and M. Moser, “Photon mode localization in disordered arrays of vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 85(4), 2454–2456 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Pier and E. Kapon, “Photon localization in lattices of coupled vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with dimensionalities between one and two,” Opt. Lett. 22(8), 546–548 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Biasiol, F. Reinhardt, A. Gustafsson, and E. Kapon, “Self-limiting OMCVD growth of GaAs on V-grooved substrates with application to InGaAs/GaAs quantum wires,” J. Electron. Mater. 26(10), 1194–1198 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Karle, T.

D. O’Brien, M. D. Settle, T. Karle, A. Michaeli, M. Salib, and T. F. Krauss, “Coupled photonic crystal heterostructure nanocavities,” Opt. Express 15(3), 1228–1233 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Karlsson, K. F.

K. A. Atlasov, M. Felici, K. F. Karlsson, P. Gallo, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon, “1D photonic band formation and photon localization in finite-size photonic-crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 18(1), 117–122 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Zhu, K. F. Karlsson, M. Byszewski, A. Rudra, E. Pelucchi, Z. He, and E. Kapon, “Hybridization of electron and hole states in semiconductor quantum-dot molecules,” Small 5(3), 329–335 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. A. Atlasov, M. Calic, K. F. Karlsson, P. Gallo, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon, “Photonic-crystal microcavity laser with site-controlled quantum-wire active medium,” Opt. Express 17(20), 18178–18183 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. A. Atlasov, K. F. Karlsson, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon, “Wavelength and loss splitting in directly coupled photonic-crystal defect microcavities,” Opt. Express 16(20), 16255–16264 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krauss, T. F.

D. O’Brien, M. D. Settle, T. Karle, A. Michaeli, M. Salib, and T. F. Krauss, “Coupled photonic crystal heterostructure nanocavities,” Opt. Express 15(3), 1228–1233 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kroha, J.

S. V. Zhukovsky, D. N. Chigrin, and J. Kroha, “Bistability and mode interaction in microlasers,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033803 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Zhukovsky, D. N. Chigrin, A. V. Lavrinenko, and J. Kroha, “Switchable lasing in multimode microcavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(7), 073902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lavrinenko, A. V.

S. V. Zhukovsky, D. N. Chigrin, A. V. Lavrinenko, and J. Kroha, “Switchable lasing in multimode microcavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(7), 073902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, L. H.

S. Vignolini, F. Intonti, M. Zani, F. Riboli, D. S. Wiersma, L. H. Li, L. Balet, M. Francardi, A. Gerardino, A. Fiore, and M. Gurioli, “Near-field imaging of coupled photonic-crystal microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lundeberg, L. D. A.

L. D. A. Lundeberg, D. L. Boiko, and E. Kapon, “Coupled islands of photonic crystal heterostructures implemented with vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(24), 241120 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mereuta, A.

L. Mutter, V. Iakovlev, A. Caliman, A. Mereuta, A. Sirbu, and E. Kapon, “1.3 microm-wavelength phase-locked VCSEL arrays incorporating patterned tunnel junction,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8558–8566 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Michaeli, A.

D. O’Brien, M. D. Settle, T. Karle, A. Michaeli, M. Salib, and T. F. Krauss, “Coupled photonic crystal heterostructure nanocavities,” Opt. Express 15(3), 1228–1233 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moser, M.

A. Golshani, H. Pier, E. Kapon, and M. Moser, “Photon mode localization in disordered arrays of vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 85(4), 2454–2456 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mutter, L.

L. Mutter, V. Iakovlev, A. Caliman, A. Mereuta, A. Sirbu, and E. Kapon, “1.3 microm-wavelength phase-locked VCSEL arrays incorporating patterned tunnel junction,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8558–8566 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Noda, S.

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, “High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Nature 425(6961), 944–947 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O’Brien, D.

D. O’Brien, M. D. Settle, T. Karle, A. Michaeli, M. Salib, and T. F. Krauss, “Coupled photonic crystal heterostructure nanocavities,” Opt. Express 15(3), 1228–1233 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O'Brien, J. L.

J. L. O'Brien, A. Furusawa, and J. Vuckovic, “Photonic quantum technologies,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 687–695 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Pelucchi, E.

Q. Zhu, K. F. Karlsson, M. Byszewski, A. Rudra, E. Pelucchi, Z. He, and E. Kapon, “Hybridization of electron and hole states in semiconductor quantum-dot molecules,” Small 5(3), 329–335 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pier, H.

A. Golshani, H. Pier, E. Kapon, and M. Moser, “Photon mode localization in disordered arrays of vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 85(4), 2454–2456 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Pier and E. Kapon, “Photon localization in lattices of coupled vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with dimensionalities between one and two,” Opt. Lett. 22(8), 546–548 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Plenio, M. B.

M. J. Hartmann, F. G. S. L. Brandão, and M. B. Plenio, “Strongly interacting polaritons in coupled arrays of cavities,” Nat. Phys. 2(12), 849–855 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Reinhardt, F.

G. Biasiol, F. Reinhardt, A. Gustafsson, and E. Kapon, “Self-limiting OMCVD growth of GaAs on V-grooved substrates with application to InGaAs/GaAs quantum wires,” J. Electron. Mater. 26(10), 1194–1198 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Riboli, F.

S. Vignolini, F. Intonti, M. Zani, F. Riboli, D. S. Wiersma, L. H. Li, L. Balet, M. Francardi, A. Gerardino, A. Fiore, and M. Gurioli, “Near-field imaging of coupled photonic-crystal microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rudra, A.

K. A. Atlasov, M. Felici, K. F. Karlsson, P. Gallo, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon, “1D photonic band formation and photon localization in finite-size photonic-crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 18(1), 117–122 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Zhu, K. F. Karlsson, M. Byszewski, A. Rudra, E. Pelucchi, Z. He, and E. Kapon, “Hybridization of electron and hole states in semiconductor quantum-dot molecules,” Small 5(3), 329–335 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Surrente, P. Gallo, M. Felici, B. Dwir, A. Rudra, and E. Kapon, “Dense arrays of ordered pyramidal quantum dots with narrow linewidth photoluminescence spectra,” Nanotechnology 20(41), 415205 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. A. Atlasov, P. Gallo, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon, “Effect of sidewall passivation in BCl3/N2 inductively coupled plasma etching of two-dimensional GaAs photonic crystals,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 27(5), L21–L24 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. A. Atlasov, M. Calic, K. F. Karlsson, P. Gallo, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon, “Photonic-crystal microcavity laser with site-controlled quantum-wire active medium,” Opt. Express 17(20), 18178–18183 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. A. Atlasov, K. F. Karlsson, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon, “Wavelength and loss splitting in directly coupled photonic-crystal defect microcavities,” Opt. Express 16(20), 16255–16264 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salib, M.

D. O’Brien, M. D. Settle, T. Karle, A. Michaeli, M. Salib, and T. F. Krauss, “Coupled photonic crystal heterostructure nanocavities,” Opt. Express 15(3), 1228–1233 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Settle, M. D.

D. O’Brien, M. D. Settle, T. Karle, A. Michaeli, M. Salib, and T. F. Krauss, “Coupled photonic crystal heterostructure nanocavities,” Opt. Express 15(3), 1228–1233 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sirbu, A.

L. Mutter, V. Iakovlev, A. Caliman, A. Mereuta, A. Sirbu, and E. Kapon, “1.3 microm-wavelength phase-locked VCSEL arrays incorporating patterned tunnel junction,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8558–8566 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Song, B. S.

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, “High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Nature 425(6961), 944–947 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stone, A. D.

H. E. Türeci, A. D. Stone, and L. Ge, “Theory of the spatial structure of nonlinear lasing modes,” Phys. Rev. A 76(1), 013813 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Surrente, A.

A. Surrente, P. Gallo, M. Felici, B. Dwir, A. Rudra, and E. Kapon, “Dense arrays of ordered pyramidal quantum dots with narrow linewidth photoluminescence spectra,” Nanotechnology 20(41), 415205 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tureci, H. E.

D. Gerace, H. E. Tureci, A. Imamoglu, V. Giovannetti, and R. Fazio, “The quantum-optical Josephson interferometer,” Nat. Phys. 5(4), 281–284 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Türeci, H. E.

H. E. Türeci, A. D. Stone, and L. Ge, “Theory of the spatial structure of nonlinear lasing modes,” Phys. Rev. A 76(1), 013813 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vahala, K. J.

K. J. Vahala, “Optical microcavities,” Nature 424(6950), 839–846 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vignolini, S.

S. Vignolini, F. Intonti, M. Zani, F. Riboli, D. S. Wiersma, L. H. Li, L. Balet, M. Francardi, A. Gerardino, A. Fiore, and M. Gurioli, “Near-field imaging of coupled photonic-crystal microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vuckovic, J.

J. L. O'Brien, A. Furusawa, and J. Vuckovic, “Photonic quantum technologies,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 687–695 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Altug, D. Englund, and J. Vučković, “Ultrafast photonic crystal nanocavity laser,” Nat. Phys. 2(7), 484–488 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wiersma, D. S.

S. Vignolini, F. Intonti, M. Zani, F. Riboli, D. S. Wiersma, L. H. Li, L. Balet, M. Francardi, A. Gerardino, A. Fiore, and M. Gurioli, “Near-field imaging of coupled photonic-crystal microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, Y.

G. Bjork and Y. Yamamoto, “Analysis of semiconductor microcavity lasers using rate equations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(11), 2386–2396 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Zani, M.

S. Vignolini, F. Intonti, M. Zani, F. Riboli, D. S. Wiersma, L. H. Li, L. Balet, M. Francardi, A. Gerardino, A. Fiore, and M. Gurioli, “Near-field imaging of coupled photonic-crystal microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Q.

Q. Zhu, K. F. Karlsson, M. Byszewski, A. Rudra, E. Pelucchi, Z. He, and E. Kapon, “Hybridization of electron and hole states in semiconductor quantum-dot molecules,” Small 5(3), 329–335 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhukovsky, S. V.

S. V. Zhukovsky, D. N. Chigrin, and J. Kroha, “Bistability and mode interaction in microlasers,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033803 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Zhukovsky, D. N. Chigrin, A. V. Lavrinenko, and J. Kroha, “Switchable lasing in multimode microcavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(7), 073902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

L. D. A. Lundeberg, D. L. Boiko, and E. Kapon, “Coupled islands of photonic crystal heterostructures implemented with vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87(24), 241120 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Vignolini, F. Intonti, M. Zani, F. Riboli, D. S. Wiersma, L. H. Li, L. Balet, M. Francardi, A. Gerardino, A. Fiore, and M. Gurioli, “Near-field imaging of coupled photonic-crystal microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

G. Bjork and Y. Yamamoto, “Analysis of semiconductor microcavity lasers using rate equations,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27(11), 2386–2396 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

A. Golshani, H. Pier, E. Kapon, and M. Moser, “Photon mode localization in disordered arrays of vertical cavity surface emitting lasers,” J. Appl. Phys. 85(4), 2454–2456 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Electron. Mater.

G. Biasiol, F. Reinhardt, A. Gustafsson, and E. Kapon, “Self-limiting OMCVD growth of GaAs on V-grooved substrates with application to InGaAs/GaAs quantum wires,” J. Electron. Mater. 26(10), 1194–1198 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B

K. A. Atlasov, P. Gallo, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon, “Effect of sidewall passivation in BCl3/N2 inductively coupled plasma etching of two-dimensional GaAs photonic crystals,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 27(5), L21–L24 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nanotechnology

A. Surrente, P. Gallo, M. Felici, B. Dwir, A. Rudra, and E. Kapon, “Dense arrays of ordered pyramidal quantum dots with narrow linewidth photoluminescence spectra,” Nanotechnology 20(41), 415205 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics

J. L. O'Brien, A. Furusawa, and J. Vuckovic, “Photonic quantum technologies,” Nat. Photonics 3(12), 687–695 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys.

M. J. Hartmann, F. G. S. L. Brandão, and M. B. Plenio, “Strongly interacting polaritons in coupled arrays of cavities,” Nat. Phys. 2(12), 849–855 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Gerace, H. E. Tureci, A. Imamoglu, V. Giovannetti, and R. Fazio, “The quantum-optical Josephson interferometer,” Nat. Phys. 5(4), 281–284 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Altug, D. Englund, and J. Vučković, “Ultrafast photonic crystal nanocavity laser,” Nat. Phys. 2(7), 484–488 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nature

Y. Akahane, T. Asano, B. S. Song, and S. Noda, “High-Q photonic nanocavity in a two-dimensional photonic crystal,” Nature 425(6961), 944–947 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. J. Vahala, “Optical microcavities,” Nature 424(6950), 839–846 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

K. A. Atlasov, M. Calic, K. F. Karlsson, P. Gallo, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon, “Photonic-crystal microcavity laser with site-controlled quantum-wire active medium,” Opt. Express 17(20), 18178–18183 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. A. Atlasov, K. F. Karlsson, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon, “Wavelength and loss splitting in directly coupled photonic-crystal defect microcavities,” Opt. Express 16(20), 16255–16264 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. O’Brien, M. D. Settle, T. Karle, A. Michaeli, M. Salib, and T. F. Krauss, “Coupled photonic crystal heterostructure nanocavities,” Opt. Express 15(3), 1228–1233 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Mutter, V. Iakovlev, A. Caliman, A. Mereuta, A. Sirbu, and E. Kapon, “1.3 microm-wavelength phase-locked VCSEL arrays incorporating patterned tunnel junction,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8558–8566 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. A. Atlasov, M. Felici, K. F. Karlsson, P. Gallo, A. Rudra, B. Dwir, and E. Kapon, “1D photonic band formation and photon localization in finite-size photonic-crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 18(1), 117–122 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

H. Pier and E. Kapon, “Photon localization in lattices of coupled vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers with dimensionalities between one and two,” Opt. Lett. 22(8), 546–548 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. A

H. E. Türeci, A. D. Stone, and L. Ge, “Theory of the spatial structure of nonlinear lasing modes,” Phys. Rev. A 76(1), 013813 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. V. Zhukovsky, D. N. Chigrin, and J. Kroha, “Bistability and mode interaction in microlasers,” Phys. Rev. A 79(3), 033803 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

S. V. Zhukovsky, D. N. Chigrin, A. V. Lavrinenko, and J. Kroha, “Switchable lasing in multimode microcavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(7), 073902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Small

Q. Zhu, K. F. Karlsson, M. Byszewski, A. Rudra, E. Pelucchi, Z. He, and E. Kapon, “Hybridization of electron and hole states in semiconductor quantum-dot molecules,” Small 5(3), 329–335 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Near field patterns for two GaAs membrane L3 PhCs calculated using 2D finite-difference (FD) method): green arrow follows the field distribution along the intense evanescent field tail. (b) Near field distributions (Ey field component shown, computed with 2D FD) for different barrier size. Separating “rows” are indicated (at left) counting along the arrow in (a). (c) Results of 3D finite difference time domain (FDTD) simulations showing the spectra for all the considered cavity geometries. The spectra are corrected for the infrared dispersion of the GaAs refractive index. Q-factors are obtained by means of Padé-Baker approximation. The definition of the symmetric (MS) and the antisymmetric (MA) supermodes is based on the phase of Ey field component taken at the cavity center; the mode labelling in (c) is ascribed by separate 3D FDTD simulations performed for each supermode ”excited’ with the exact 2D field distribution at the membrane center. Parameters: resolution 0.035a, lattice constant a=198nm, hole radius r/a=0.23, thickness 265nm, software developed in-house.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental observation of the optical cavity coupling. (a) SEM top-view image of PhC coupled cavities in “1row 1h” arrangement. (b) Illustration of the scanning micro-PL pumping scheme (displayed on top of an SEM top-view image of one of the “3rows” coupled-cavity geometries). (c-e) Results of the micro-PL scans for different coupled-cavity geometries (as indicated), where each spectrum in a scan is taken at different pump position as sketched by the grey arrow [scan as in (b)]. The PhC-cavity modes are observed on the background of the QWR emission. (f) Summary showing spectra of coupled-cavity supermodes observed for several different coupling-barrier lengths, as indicated.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Evidence for lasing in coupled-cavity system, “1row 1h” barrier geometry at T=50K. (a) Micro-PL spectra versus pump level. MS/MA modes are ascribed as in Fig. 1(c). (b) Input-output curves in log-log scale (inset: linear scale, near threshold). Fitting is done by time-dependent rate-equation model (see text). (c) Linewidth trends (in inverse normalized values). (d) Peak shift. Pump conditions: Ti:Sapphire laser mode-locked at 700 nm, pulse duration ~3ps, repetition rate 78 MHz.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

d N E d t = L i n ω i n V a N E τ E
d N d t = N E τ E N τ s p N τ n r g p V a
d p d t = ω c a v Q p + g p + β N V a τ s p

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