Abstract

The radiative emission properties of the Dy3+ ions in an oxyfluoride glass and glass-ceramics have been studied for the generation of white light. The x-ray diffraction pattern of the glass-ceramics shows the formation of CaF2 fluorite-type nanocrystals in the glass matrix after a suitable thermal treatment of the precursor glass, whereas time-resolved optical measurements show the incorporation of the Dy3+ ions in the CaF2 nanocrystals. Intense white light has been observed when the samples are excited with 451 nm laser light. From the visible emission spectra, yellow to blue intensity ratios and the chromaticity color coordinates have been determined. All the color coordinates are found to lie in the white light region of the chromaticity color diagram.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
  2. X. Liang, C. Zhu, Y. Yang, S. Yuan, and G. Chen, “Luminescent properties of Dy3+-doped and Dy3+-Tm3+ co-doped phosphate glasses,” J. Lumin. 128(7), 1162–1164 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Expedito C. Silva, G. F. de Sá, and P. A. Santa-Cruz, “Red, green and blue light generation in fluoride glasses controlled by double excitation,” J. Alloy. Comp. 323-324, 336–339 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. E. C. Silva, G. F. de Sá, and P. A. Santa-Cruz, “White light simulation by upconversion in fluoride glass host,” J. Alloy. Comp. 344(1-2), 260–263 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. T. Amorim, M. V. D. Vermelho, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, F. C. Cassanjes, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Red-green-blue upconversion and energy-transfer between Tm3+ and Er3+ ions in tellurite glasses excited at 1.064 µm,” J. Solid State Chem. 171(1-2), 278–281 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  8. P. Babu, K. H. Jang, E. S. Kim, L. Shi, R. Vijaya, V. Lavin, C. K. Jayasankar, and H. J. Seo, “Optical properties and energy transfer of Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and glass-ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(4-5), 236–243 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. T. Erdem, S. Nizamoglu, X. W. Sun, and H. V. Demir, “A photometric investigation of ultra-efficient LEDs with high color rendering index and high luminous efficacy employing nanocrystal quantum dot luminophores,” Opt. Express 18(1), 340–347 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. C. S. McCamy, “Correlated color temperature as an explicit function of chromaticity coordinates,” Color Res. Appl. 17(2), 142–144 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  25. E. C. Fuchs, C. Sommer, F. P. Wenzl, B. Bitschnau, A. H. Paulitsch, A. Muhlanger, and K. Gatterer, “Polyspectral white light emission from Eu3+, Tb3+, Dy3+, Tm3+ codoped GdAl3(BO3)4 phosphors obtained by combustion synthesis,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 156(1-3), 73–78 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (3)

P. Babu, K. H. Jang, E. S. Kim, L. Shi, R. Vijaya, V. Lavin, C. K. Jayasankar, and H. J. Seo, “Optical properties and energy transfer of Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and glass-ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(4-5), 236–243 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. del-Castillo, A. C. Yanes, J. Méndez-Ramos, V. K. Tikhomirov, V. V. Moshchalkov, and V. D. Rodríguez, “Sol-gel preparation and white upconversion luminescence in rare-earth doped PbF2 nanocrystals dissolved in silica glass,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 53(3), 509–514 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Erdem, S. Nizamoglu, X. W. Sun, and H. V. Demir, “A photometric investigation of ultra-efficient LEDs with high color rendering index and high luminous efficacy employing nanocrystal quantum dot luminophores,” Opt. Express 18(1), 340–347 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

E. C. Fuchs, C. Sommer, F. P. Wenzl, B. Bitschnau, A. H. Paulitsch, A. Muhlanger, and K. Gatterer, “Polyspectral white light emission from Eu3+, Tb3+, Dy3+, Tm3+ codoped GdAl3(BO3)4 phosphors obtained by combustion synthesis,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 156(1-3), 73–78 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Lakshminarayana, H. Yang, and J. Qiu, “White light emission from Tm3+/Dy3+ co-doped oxyfluoride germanate glasses under UV light excitation,” J. Solid State Chem. 182(4), 669–676 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

X. Liang, C. Zhu, Y. Yang, S. Yuan, and G. Chen, “Luminescent properties of Dy3+-doped and Dy3+-Tm3+ co-doped phosphate glasses,” J. Lumin. 128(7), 1162–1164 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhong, H. Liang, B. Han, Z. Tian, Q. Su, and Y. Tao, “Intensive emission of Dy3+ in NaGd(PO3)4 for Hg-free lamps application,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7508–7515 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

C. Liu and J. Heo, “Generation of white light from oxy-fluoride nano-glass doped with Ho3+, Tm3+ and Yb3+,” Mater. Lett. 61(17), 3751–3754 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Chen, Y. Wang, E. Ma, Y. Yu, and F. Liu, “Partition, luminescence and energy transfer of Er3+/Yb3+ ions in oxyfluoride glass ceramic containing CaF2 non-crystals,” Opt. Mater. 29(12), 1693–1699 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Chen, Y. Wang, Y. Yu, E. Ma, and F. Liu, “Fluorescence and Judd-Ofelt analysis of Nd3+ ions in oxyfluoride glass ceramics containing CaF2 nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 68(2), 193–200 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

J. Kuang, Y. Liu, and J. Zhang, “White-light-emitting long-lasting phosphorescence in Dy3+-doped SrSiO3,” J. Solid State Chem. 179(1), 266–269 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Qiao, X. Fan, M. Wang, J. L. Adam, and X. Zhang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped 50SiO2-20Al2O3-30CaF2 glass and glass ceramics,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(29), 6937–6951 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kishi and S. Tanabe, “Infrared-to-visible upconversion of rare-earth doped glass ceramics containing CaF2 crystals,” J. Alloy. Comp. 408–412, 842–844 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Hu, Y. Wang, E. Ma, F. Bao, Y. Yu, and D. Chen, “Crystallization and spectroscopic properties investigations of Er3+-doped transparent glass ceramics containing CaF2,” Mater. Res. Bull. 41(1), 217–224 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

B. Liu, C. Shi, and Z. Qi, “Potential white-light long-lasting phosphor: Dy3+-doped aluminate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(19), 191111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

F. Lahoz, I. R. Martin, J. Mendez-Ramos, and P. Nunez, “Dopant distribution in a Tm(3+)-Yb(3+) codoped silica based glass ceramic: an infrared-laser induced upconversion study,” J. Chem. Phys. 120(13), 6180–6190 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (3)

J. Méndez-Ramos, V. Lavı́n, I. R. Martı́n, U. R. Rodrı́guez-Mendoza, V. D. Rodrı́guez, A. D. Lozano-Gorrı́n, and P. Núñez, “Site selective study of Eu3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(4), 2295–2301 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Amorim, M. V. D. Vermelho, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, F. C. Cassanjes, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Red-green-blue upconversion and energy-transfer between Tm3+ and Er3+ ions in tellurite glasses excited at 1.064 µm,” J. Solid State Chem. 171(1-2), 278–281 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Gu, S. F. Wang, M. K. Lu, G. J. Zhou, S. W. Liu, D. Xu, and D. R. Yuan, “Effect of Dy3+ doping and calcinations on the luminescence of ZrO2 nanoparticles,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380(1-2), 185–189 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

J. Fu, J. M. Parker, P. S. Flower, and R. M. Brown, “Eu2+ ions and CaF2-containing transparent glass-ceramics,” Mater. Res. Bull. 37(11), 1843–1849 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. E. C. Silva, G. F. de Sá, and P. A. Santa-Cruz, “White light simulation by upconversion in fluoride glass host,” J. Alloy. Comp. 344(1-2), 260–263 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

J. Expedito C. Silva, G. F. de Sá, and P. A. Santa-Cruz, “Red, green and blue light generation in fluoride glasses controlled by double excitation,” J. Alloy. Comp. 323-324, 336–339 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, “A three-color, solid state three-dimensional display,” Science 273(5279), 1185–1189 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

C. S. McCamy, “Correlated color temperature as an explicit function of chromaticity coordinates,” Color Res. Appl. 17(2), 142–144 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Adam, J. L.

X. Qiao, X. Fan, M. Wang, J. L. Adam, and X. Zhang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped 50SiO2-20Al2O3-30CaF2 glass and glass ceramics,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(29), 6937–6951 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Amorim, H. T.

H. T. Amorim, M. V. D. Vermelho, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, F. C. Cassanjes, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Red-green-blue upconversion and energy-transfer between Tm3+ and Er3+ ions in tellurite glasses excited at 1.064 µm,” J. Solid State Chem. 171(1-2), 278–281 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Babu, P.

P. Babu, K. H. Jang, E. S. Kim, L. Shi, R. Vijaya, V. Lavin, C. K. Jayasankar, and H. J. Seo, “Optical properties and energy transfer of Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and glass-ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(4-5), 236–243 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bao, F.

Z. Hu, Y. Wang, E. Ma, F. Bao, Y. Yu, and D. Chen, “Crystallization and spectroscopic properties investigations of Er3+-doped transparent glass ceramics containing CaF2,” Mater. Res. Bull. 41(1), 217–224 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bitschnau, B.

E. C. Fuchs, C. Sommer, F. P. Wenzl, B. Bitschnau, A. H. Paulitsch, A. Muhlanger, and K. Gatterer, “Polyspectral white light emission from Eu3+, Tb3+, Dy3+, Tm3+ codoped GdAl3(BO3)4 phosphors obtained by combustion synthesis,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 156(1-3), 73–78 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Brown, R. M.

J. Fu, J. M. Parker, P. S. Flower, and R. M. Brown, “Eu2+ ions and CaF2-containing transparent glass-ceramics,” Mater. Res. Bull. 37(11), 1843–1849 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cassanjes, F. C.

H. T. Amorim, M. V. D. Vermelho, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, F. C. Cassanjes, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Red-green-blue upconversion and energy-transfer between Tm3+ and Er3+ ions in tellurite glasses excited at 1.064 µm,” J. Solid State Chem. 171(1-2), 278–281 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, D.

D. Chen, Y. Wang, E. Ma, Y. Yu, and F. Liu, “Partition, luminescence and energy transfer of Er3+/Yb3+ ions in oxyfluoride glass ceramic containing CaF2 non-crystals,” Opt. Mater. 29(12), 1693–1699 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Chen, Y. Wang, Y. Yu, E. Ma, and F. Liu, “Fluorescence and Judd-Ofelt analysis of Nd3+ ions in oxyfluoride glass ceramics containing CaF2 nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 68(2), 193–200 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Hu, Y. Wang, E. Ma, F. Bao, Y. Yu, and D. Chen, “Crystallization and spectroscopic properties investigations of Er3+-doped transparent glass ceramics containing CaF2,” Mater. Res. Bull. 41(1), 217–224 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, G.

X. Liang, C. Zhu, Y. Yang, S. Yuan, and G. Chen, “Luminescent properties of Dy3+-doped and Dy3+-Tm3+ co-doped phosphate glasses,” J. Lumin. 128(7), 1162–1164 (2008).
[CrossRef]

de Sá, G. F.

J. E. C. Silva, G. F. de Sá, and P. A. Santa-Cruz, “White light simulation by upconversion in fluoride glass host,” J. Alloy. Comp. 344(1-2), 260–263 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Expedito C. Silva, G. F. de Sá, and P. A. Santa-Cruz, “Red, green and blue light generation in fluoride glasses controlled by double excitation,” J. Alloy. Comp. 323-324, 336–339 (2001).
[CrossRef]

del-Castillo, J.

J. del-Castillo, A. C. Yanes, J. Méndez-Ramos, V. K. Tikhomirov, V. V. Moshchalkov, and V. D. Rodríguez, “Sol-gel preparation and white upconversion luminescence in rare-earth doped PbF2 nanocrystals dissolved in silica glass,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 53(3), 509–514 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Demir, H. V.

T. Erdem, S. Nizamoglu, X. W. Sun, and H. V. Demir, “A photometric investigation of ultra-efficient LEDs with high color rendering index and high luminous efficacy employing nanocrystal quantum dot luminophores,” Opt. Express 18(1), 340–347 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Downing, E.

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, “A three-color, solid state three-dimensional display,” Science 273(5279), 1185–1189 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Erdem, T.

T. Erdem, S. Nizamoglu, X. W. Sun, and H. V. Demir, “A photometric investigation of ultra-efficient LEDs with high color rendering index and high luminous efficacy employing nanocrystal quantum dot luminophores,” Opt. Express 18(1), 340–347 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Expedito C. Silva, J.

J. Expedito C. Silva, G. F. de Sá, and P. A. Santa-Cruz, “Red, green and blue light generation in fluoride glasses controlled by double excitation,” J. Alloy. Comp. 323-324, 336–339 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fan, X.

X. Qiao, X. Fan, M. Wang, J. L. Adam, and X. Zhang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped 50SiO2-20Al2O3-30CaF2 glass and glass ceramics,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(29), 6937–6951 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Flower, P. S.

J. Fu, J. M. Parker, P. S. Flower, and R. M. Brown, “Eu2+ ions and CaF2-containing transparent glass-ceramics,” Mater. Res. Bull. 37(11), 1843–1849 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fu, J.

J. Fu, J. M. Parker, P. S. Flower, and R. M. Brown, “Eu2+ ions and CaF2-containing transparent glass-ceramics,” Mater. Res. Bull. 37(11), 1843–1849 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fuchs, E. C.

E. C. Fuchs, C. Sommer, F. P. Wenzl, B. Bitschnau, A. H. Paulitsch, A. Muhlanger, and K. Gatterer, “Polyspectral white light emission from Eu3+, Tb3+, Dy3+, Tm3+ codoped GdAl3(BO3)4 phosphors obtained by combustion synthesis,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 156(1-3), 73–78 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gatterer, K.

E. C. Fuchs, C. Sommer, F. P. Wenzl, B. Bitschnau, A. H. Paulitsch, A. Muhlanger, and K. Gatterer, “Polyspectral white light emission from Eu3+, Tb3+, Dy3+, Tm3+ codoped GdAl3(BO3)4 phosphors obtained by combustion synthesis,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 156(1-3), 73–78 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gouveia-Neto, A. S.

H. T. Amorim, M. V. D. Vermelho, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, F. C. Cassanjes, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Red-green-blue upconversion and energy-transfer between Tm3+ and Er3+ ions in tellurite glasses excited at 1.064 µm,” J. Solid State Chem. 171(1-2), 278–281 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gu, F.

F. Gu, S. F. Wang, M. K. Lu, G. J. Zhou, S. W. Liu, D. Xu, and D. R. Yuan, “Effect of Dy3+ doping and calcinations on the luminescence of ZrO2 nanoparticles,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380(1-2), 185–189 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Han, B.

J. Zhong, H. Liang, B. Han, Z. Tian, Q. Su, and Y. Tao, “Intensive emission of Dy3+ in NaGd(PO3)4 for Hg-free lamps application,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7508–7515 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Heo, J.

C. Liu and J. Heo, “Generation of white light from oxy-fluoride nano-glass doped with Ho3+, Tm3+ and Yb3+,” Mater. Lett. 61(17), 3751–3754 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hesselink, L.

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, “A three-color, solid state three-dimensional display,” Science 273(5279), 1185–1189 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Z.

Z. Hu, Y. Wang, E. Ma, F. Bao, Y. Yu, and D. Chen, “Crystallization and spectroscopic properties investigations of Er3+-doped transparent glass ceramics containing CaF2,” Mater. Res. Bull. 41(1), 217–224 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jang, K. H.

P. Babu, K. H. Jang, E. S. Kim, L. Shi, R. Vijaya, V. Lavin, C. K. Jayasankar, and H. J. Seo, “Optical properties and energy transfer of Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and glass-ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(4-5), 236–243 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jayasankar, C. K.

P. Babu, K. H. Jang, E. S. Kim, L. Shi, R. Vijaya, V. Lavin, C. K. Jayasankar, and H. J. Seo, “Optical properties and energy transfer of Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and glass-ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(4-5), 236–243 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, E. S.

P. Babu, K. H. Jang, E. S. Kim, L. Shi, R. Vijaya, V. Lavin, C. K. Jayasankar, and H. J. Seo, “Optical properties and energy transfer of Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and glass-ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(4-5), 236–243 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kishi, Y.

Y. Kishi and S. Tanabe, “Infrared-to-visible upconversion of rare-earth doped glass ceramics containing CaF2 crystals,” J. Alloy. Comp. 408–412, 842–844 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kuang, J.

J. Kuang, Y. Liu, and J. Zhang, “White-light-emitting long-lasting phosphorescence in Dy3+-doped SrSiO3,” J. Solid State Chem. 179(1), 266–269 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lahoz, F.

F. Lahoz, I. R. Martin, J. Mendez-Ramos, and P. Nunez, “Dopant distribution in a Tm(3+)-Yb(3+) codoped silica based glass ceramic: an infrared-laser induced upconversion study,” J. Chem. Phys. 120(13), 6180–6190 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lakshminarayana, G.

G. Lakshminarayana, H. Yang, and J. Qiu, “White light emission from Tm3+/Dy3+ co-doped oxyfluoride germanate glasses under UV light excitation,” J. Solid State Chem. 182(4), 669–676 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lavi´n, V.

J. Méndez-Ramos, V. Lavı́n, I. R. Martı́n, U. R. Rodrı́guez-Mendoza, V. D. Rodrı́guez, A. D. Lozano-Gorrı́n, and P. Núñez, “Site selective study of Eu3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(4), 2295–2301 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lavin, V.

P. Babu, K. H. Jang, E. S. Kim, L. Shi, R. Vijaya, V. Lavin, C. K. Jayasankar, and H. J. Seo, “Optical properties and energy transfer of Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and glass-ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(4-5), 236–243 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liang, H.

J. Zhong, H. Liang, B. Han, Z. Tian, Q. Su, and Y. Tao, “Intensive emission of Dy3+ in NaGd(PO3)4 for Hg-free lamps application,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7508–7515 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liang, X.

X. Liang, C. Zhu, Y. Yang, S. Yuan, and G. Chen, “Luminescent properties of Dy3+-doped and Dy3+-Tm3+ co-doped phosphate glasses,” J. Lumin. 128(7), 1162–1164 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, B.

B. Liu, C. Shi, and Z. Qi, “Potential white-light long-lasting phosphor: Dy3+-doped aluminate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(19), 191111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, C.

C. Liu and J. Heo, “Generation of white light from oxy-fluoride nano-glass doped with Ho3+, Tm3+ and Yb3+,” Mater. Lett. 61(17), 3751–3754 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, F.

D. Chen, Y. Wang, Y. Yu, E. Ma, and F. Liu, “Fluorescence and Judd-Ofelt analysis of Nd3+ ions in oxyfluoride glass ceramics containing CaF2 nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 68(2), 193–200 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Chen, Y. Wang, E. Ma, Y. Yu, and F. Liu, “Partition, luminescence and energy transfer of Er3+/Yb3+ ions in oxyfluoride glass ceramic containing CaF2 non-crystals,” Opt. Mater. 29(12), 1693–1699 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, S. W.

F. Gu, S. F. Wang, M. K. Lu, G. J. Zhou, S. W. Liu, D. Xu, and D. R. Yuan, “Effect of Dy3+ doping and calcinations on the luminescence of ZrO2 nanoparticles,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380(1-2), 185–189 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

J. Kuang, Y. Liu, and J. Zhang, “White-light-emitting long-lasting phosphorescence in Dy3+-doped SrSiO3,” J. Solid State Chem. 179(1), 266–269 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lozano-Gorri´n, A. D.

J. Méndez-Ramos, V. Lavı́n, I. R. Martı́n, U. R. Rodrı́guez-Mendoza, V. D. Rodrı́guez, A. D. Lozano-Gorrı́n, and P. Núñez, “Site selective study of Eu3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(4), 2295–2301 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lu, M. K.

F. Gu, S. F. Wang, M. K. Lu, G. J. Zhou, S. W. Liu, D. Xu, and D. R. Yuan, “Effect of Dy3+ doping and calcinations on the luminescence of ZrO2 nanoparticles,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380(1-2), 185–189 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ma, E.

D. Chen, Y. Wang, E. Ma, Y. Yu, and F. Liu, “Partition, luminescence and energy transfer of Er3+/Yb3+ ions in oxyfluoride glass ceramic containing CaF2 non-crystals,” Opt. Mater. 29(12), 1693–1699 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Chen, Y. Wang, Y. Yu, E. Ma, and F. Liu, “Fluorescence and Judd-Ofelt analysis of Nd3+ ions in oxyfluoride glass ceramics containing CaF2 nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 68(2), 193–200 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Hu, Y. Wang, E. Ma, F. Bao, Y. Yu, and D. Chen, “Crystallization and spectroscopic properties investigations of Er3+-doped transparent glass ceramics containing CaF2,” Mater. Res. Bull. 41(1), 217–224 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Macfarlane, R.

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, “A three-color, solid state three-dimensional display,” Science 273(5279), 1185–1189 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Marti´n, I. R.

J. Méndez-Ramos, V. Lavı́n, I. R. Martı́n, U. R. Rodrı́guez-Mendoza, V. D. Rodrı́guez, A. D. Lozano-Gorrı́n, and P. Núñez, “Site selective study of Eu3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(4), 2295–2301 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Martin, I. R.

F. Lahoz, I. R. Martin, J. Mendez-Ramos, and P. Nunez, “Dopant distribution in a Tm(3+)-Yb(3+) codoped silica based glass ceramic: an infrared-laser induced upconversion study,” J. Chem. Phys. 120(13), 6180–6190 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McCamy, C. S.

C. S. McCamy, “Correlated color temperature as an explicit function of chromaticity coordinates,” Color Res. Appl. 17(2), 142–144 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Mendez-Ramos, J.

F. Lahoz, I. R. Martin, J. Mendez-Ramos, and P. Nunez, “Dopant distribution in a Tm(3+)-Yb(3+) codoped silica based glass ceramic: an infrared-laser induced upconversion study,” J. Chem. Phys. 120(13), 6180–6190 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Méndez-Ramos, J.

J. del-Castillo, A. C. Yanes, J. Méndez-Ramos, V. K. Tikhomirov, V. V. Moshchalkov, and V. D. Rodríguez, “Sol-gel preparation and white upconversion luminescence in rare-earth doped PbF2 nanocrystals dissolved in silica glass,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 53(3), 509–514 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Méndez-Ramos, V. Lavı́n, I. R. Martı́n, U. R. Rodrı́guez-Mendoza, V. D. Rodrı́guez, A. D. Lozano-Gorrı́n, and P. Núñez, “Site selective study of Eu3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(4), 2295–2301 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Messaddeq, Y.

H. T. Amorim, M. V. D. Vermelho, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, F. C. Cassanjes, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Red-green-blue upconversion and energy-transfer between Tm3+ and Er3+ ions in tellurite glasses excited at 1.064 µm,” J. Solid State Chem. 171(1-2), 278–281 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Moshchalkov, V. V.

J. del-Castillo, A. C. Yanes, J. Méndez-Ramos, V. K. Tikhomirov, V. V. Moshchalkov, and V. D. Rodríguez, “Sol-gel preparation and white upconversion luminescence in rare-earth doped PbF2 nanocrystals dissolved in silica glass,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 53(3), 509–514 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Muhlanger, A.

E. C. Fuchs, C. Sommer, F. P. Wenzl, B. Bitschnau, A. H. Paulitsch, A. Muhlanger, and K. Gatterer, “Polyspectral white light emission from Eu3+, Tb3+, Dy3+, Tm3+ codoped GdAl3(BO3)4 phosphors obtained by combustion synthesis,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 156(1-3), 73–78 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nizamoglu, S.

T. Erdem, S. Nizamoglu, X. W. Sun, and H. V. Demir, “A photometric investigation of ultra-efficient LEDs with high color rendering index and high luminous efficacy employing nanocrystal quantum dot luminophores,” Opt. Express 18(1), 340–347 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nunez, P.

F. Lahoz, I. R. Martin, J. Mendez-Ramos, and P. Nunez, “Dopant distribution in a Tm(3+)-Yb(3+) codoped silica based glass ceramic: an infrared-laser induced upconversion study,” J. Chem. Phys. 120(13), 6180–6190 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Núñez, P.

J. Méndez-Ramos, V. Lavı́n, I. R. Martı́n, U. R. Rodrı́guez-Mendoza, V. D. Rodrı́guez, A. D. Lozano-Gorrı́n, and P. Núñez, “Site selective study of Eu3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(4), 2295–2301 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Parker, J. M.

J. Fu, J. M. Parker, P. S. Flower, and R. M. Brown, “Eu2+ ions and CaF2-containing transparent glass-ceramics,” Mater. Res. Bull. 37(11), 1843–1849 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Paulitsch, A. H.

E. C. Fuchs, C. Sommer, F. P. Wenzl, B. Bitschnau, A. H. Paulitsch, A. Muhlanger, and K. Gatterer, “Polyspectral white light emission from Eu3+, Tb3+, Dy3+, Tm3+ codoped GdAl3(BO3)4 phosphors obtained by combustion synthesis,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 156(1-3), 73–78 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Qi, Z.

B. Liu, C. Shi, and Z. Qi, “Potential white-light long-lasting phosphor: Dy3+-doped aluminate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(19), 191111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Qiao, X.

X. Qiao, X. Fan, M. Wang, J. L. Adam, and X. Zhang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped 50SiO2-20Al2O3-30CaF2 glass and glass ceramics,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(29), 6937–6951 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

G. Lakshminarayana, H. Yang, and J. Qiu, “White light emission from Tm3+/Dy3+ co-doped oxyfluoride germanate glasses under UV light excitation,” J. Solid State Chem. 182(4), 669–676 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ralston, J.

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, “A three-color, solid state three-dimensional display,” Science 273(5279), 1185–1189 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ribeiro, S. J. L.

H. T. Amorim, M. V. D. Vermelho, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, F. C. Cassanjes, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Red-green-blue upconversion and energy-transfer between Tm3+ and Er3+ ions in tellurite glasses excited at 1.064 µm,” J. Solid State Chem. 171(1-2), 278–281 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rodri´guez, V. D.

J. Méndez-Ramos, V. Lavı́n, I. R. Martı́n, U. R. Rodrı́guez-Mendoza, V. D. Rodrı́guez, A. D. Lozano-Gorrı́n, and P. Núñez, “Site selective study of Eu3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(4), 2295–2301 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rodri´guez-Mendoza, U. R.

J. Méndez-Ramos, V. Lavı́n, I. R. Martı́n, U. R. Rodrı́guez-Mendoza, V. D. Rodrı́guez, A. D. Lozano-Gorrı́n, and P. Núñez, “Site selective study of Eu3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(4), 2295–2301 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rodríguez, V. D.

J. del-Castillo, A. C. Yanes, J. Méndez-Ramos, V. K. Tikhomirov, V. V. Moshchalkov, and V. D. Rodríguez, “Sol-gel preparation and white upconversion luminescence in rare-earth doped PbF2 nanocrystals dissolved in silica glass,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 53(3), 509–514 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Santa-Cruz, P. A.

J. E. C. Silva, G. F. de Sá, and P. A. Santa-Cruz, “White light simulation by upconversion in fluoride glass host,” J. Alloy. Comp. 344(1-2), 260–263 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Expedito C. Silva, G. F. de Sá, and P. A. Santa-Cruz, “Red, green and blue light generation in fluoride glasses controlled by double excitation,” J. Alloy. Comp. 323-324, 336–339 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Seo, H. J.

P. Babu, K. H. Jang, E. S. Kim, L. Shi, R. Vijaya, V. Lavin, C. K. Jayasankar, and H. J. Seo, “Optical properties and energy transfer of Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and glass-ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(4-5), 236–243 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shi, C.

B. Liu, C. Shi, and Z. Qi, “Potential white-light long-lasting phosphor: Dy3+-doped aluminate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(19), 191111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shi, L.

P. Babu, K. H. Jang, E. S. Kim, L. Shi, R. Vijaya, V. Lavin, C. K. Jayasankar, and H. J. Seo, “Optical properties and energy transfer of Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and glass-ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(4-5), 236–243 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Silva, J. E. C.

J. E. C. Silva, G. F. de Sá, and P. A. Santa-Cruz, “White light simulation by upconversion in fluoride glass host,” J. Alloy. Comp. 344(1-2), 260–263 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sommer, C.

E. C. Fuchs, C. Sommer, F. P. Wenzl, B. Bitschnau, A. H. Paulitsch, A. Muhlanger, and K. Gatterer, “Polyspectral white light emission from Eu3+, Tb3+, Dy3+, Tm3+ codoped GdAl3(BO3)4 phosphors obtained by combustion synthesis,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 156(1-3), 73–78 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Su, Q.

J. Zhong, H. Liang, B. Han, Z. Tian, Q. Su, and Y. Tao, “Intensive emission of Dy3+ in NaGd(PO3)4 for Hg-free lamps application,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7508–7515 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, X. W.

T. Erdem, S. Nizamoglu, X. W. Sun, and H. V. Demir, “A photometric investigation of ultra-efficient LEDs with high color rendering index and high luminous efficacy employing nanocrystal quantum dot luminophores,” Opt. Express 18(1), 340–347 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tanabe, S.

Y. Kishi and S. Tanabe, “Infrared-to-visible upconversion of rare-earth doped glass ceramics containing CaF2 crystals,” J. Alloy. Comp. 408–412, 842–844 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tao, Y.

J. Zhong, H. Liang, B. Han, Z. Tian, Q. Su, and Y. Tao, “Intensive emission of Dy3+ in NaGd(PO3)4 for Hg-free lamps application,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7508–7515 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tian, Z.

J. Zhong, H. Liang, B. Han, Z. Tian, Q. Su, and Y. Tao, “Intensive emission of Dy3+ in NaGd(PO3)4 for Hg-free lamps application,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7508–7515 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tikhomirov, V. K.

J. del-Castillo, A. C. Yanes, J. Méndez-Ramos, V. K. Tikhomirov, V. V. Moshchalkov, and V. D. Rodríguez, “Sol-gel preparation and white upconversion luminescence in rare-earth doped PbF2 nanocrystals dissolved in silica glass,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 53(3), 509–514 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Vermelho, M. V. D.

H. T. Amorim, M. V. D. Vermelho, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, F. C. Cassanjes, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Red-green-blue upconversion and energy-transfer between Tm3+ and Er3+ ions in tellurite glasses excited at 1.064 µm,” J. Solid State Chem. 171(1-2), 278–281 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vijaya, R.

P. Babu, K. H. Jang, E. S. Kim, L. Shi, R. Vijaya, V. Lavin, C. K. Jayasankar, and H. J. Seo, “Optical properties and energy transfer of Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and glass-ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(4-5), 236–243 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, M.

X. Qiao, X. Fan, M. Wang, J. L. Adam, and X. Zhang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped 50SiO2-20Al2O3-30CaF2 glass and glass ceramics,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(29), 6937–6951 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S. F.

F. Gu, S. F. Wang, M. K. Lu, G. J. Zhou, S. W. Liu, D. Xu, and D. R. Yuan, “Effect of Dy3+ doping and calcinations on the luminescence of ZrO2 nanoparticles,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380(1-2), 185–189 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

D. Chen, Y. Wang, E. Ma, Y. Yu, and F. Liu, “Partition, luminescence and energy transfer of Er3+/Yb3+ ions in oxyfluoride glass ceramic containing CaF2 non-crystals,” Opt. Mater. 29(12), 1693–1699 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Chen, Y. Wang, Y. Yu, E. Ma, and F. Liu, “Fluorescence and Judd-Ofelt analysis of Nd3+ ions in oxyfluoride glass ceramics containing CaF2 nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 68(2), 193–200 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Hu, Y. Wang, E. Ma, F. Bao, Y. Yu, and D. Chen, “Crystallization and spectroscopic properties investigations of Er3+-doped transparent glass ceramics containing CaF2,” Mater. Res. Bull. 41(1), 217–224 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wenzl, F. P.

E. C. Fuchs, C. Sommer, F. P. Wenzl, B. Bitschnau, A. H. Paulitsch, A. Muhlanger, and K. Gatterer, “Polyspectral white light emission from Eu3+, Tb3+, Dy3+, Tm3+ codoped GdAl3(BO3)4 phosphors obtained by combustion synthesis,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 156(1-3), 73–78 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, D.

F. Gu, S. F. Wang, M. K. Lu, G. J. Zhou, S. W. Liu, D. Xu, and D. R. Yuan, “Effect of Dy3+ doping and calcinations on the luminescence of ZrO2 nanoparticles,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380(1-2), 185–189 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yanes, A. C.

J. del-Castillo, A. C. Yanes, J. Méndez-Ramos, V. K. Tikhomirov, V. V. Moshchalkov, and V. D. Rodríguez, “Sol-gel preparation and white upconversion luminescence in rare-earth doped PbF2 nanocrystals dissolved in silica glass,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 53(3), 509–514 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yang, H.

G. Lakshminarayana, H. Yang, and J. Qiu, “White light emission from Tm3+/Dy3+ co-doped oxyfluoride germanate glasses under UV light excitation,” J. Solid State Chem. 182(4), 669–676 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Y.

X. Liang, C. Zhu, Y. Yang, S. Yuan, and G. Chen, “Luminescent properties of Dy3+-doped and Dy3+-Tm3+ co-doped phosphate glasses,” J. Lumin. 128(7), 1162–1164 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Y.

D. Chen, Y. Wang, E. Ma, Y. Yu, and F. Liu, “Partition, luminescence and energy transfer of Er3+/Yb3+ ions in oxyfluoride glass ceramic containing CaF2 non-crystals,” Opt. Mater. 29(12), 1693–1699 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Chen, Y. Wang, Y. Yu, E. Ma, and F. Liu, “Fluorescence and Judd-Ofelt analysis of Nd3+ ions in oxyfluoride glass ceramics containing CaF2 nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 68(2), 193–200 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Hu, Y. Wang, E. Ma, F. Bao, Y. Yu, and D. Chen, “Crystallization and spectroscopic properties investigations of Er3+-doped transparent glass ceramics containing CaF2,” Mater. Res. Bull. 41(1), 217–224 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, D. R.

F. Gu, S. F. Wang, M. K. Lu, G. J. Zhou, S. W. Liu, D. Xu, and D. R. Yuan, “Effect of Dy3+ doping and calcinations on the luminescence of ZrO2 nanoparticles,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380(1-2), 185–189 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, S.

X. Liang, C. Zhu, Y. Yang, S. Yuan, and G. Chen, “Luminescent properties of Dy3+-doped and Dy3+-Tm3+ co-doped phosphate glasses,” J. Lumin. 128(7), 1162–1164 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

J. Kuang, Y. Liu, and J. Zhang, “White-light-emitting long-lasting phosphorescence in Dy3+-doped SrSiO3,” J. Solid State Chem. 179(1), 266–269 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

X. Qiao, X. Fan, M. Wang, J. L. Adam, and X. Zhang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped 50SiO2-20Al2O3-30CaF2 glass and glass ceramics,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(29), 6937–6951 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhong, J.

J. Zhong, H. Liang, B. Han, Z. Tian, Q. Su, and Y. Tao, “Intensive emission of Dy3+ in NaGd(PO3)4 for Hg-free lamps application,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7508–7515 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, G. J.

F. Gu, S. F. Wang, M. K. Lu, G. J. Zhou, S. W. Liu, D. Xu, and D. R. Yuan, “Effect of Dy3+ doping and calcinations on the luminescence of ZrO2 nanoparticles,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380(1-2), 185–189 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, C.

X. Liang, C. Zhu, Y. Yang, S. Yuan, and G. Chen, “Luminescent properties of Dy3+-doped and Dy3+-Tm3+ co-doped phosphate glasses,” J. Lumin. 128(7), 1162–1164 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

B. Liu, C. Shi, and Z. Qi, “Potential white-light long-lasting phosphor: Dy3+-doped aluminate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(19), 191111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

F. Gu, S. F. Wang, M. K. Lu, G. J. Zhou, S. W. Liu, D. Xu, and D. R. Yuan, “Effect of Dy3+ doping and calcinations on the luminescence of ZrO2 nanoparticles,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380(1-2), 185–189 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Color Res. Appl. (1)

C. S. McCamy, “Correlated color temperature as an explicit function of chromaticity coordinates,” Color Res. Appl. 17(2), 142–144 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Alloy. Comp. (3)

Y. Kishi and S. Tanabe, “Infrared-to-visible upconversion of rare-earth doped glass ceramics containing CaF2 crystals,” J. Alloy. Comp. 408–412, 842–844 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Expedito C. Silva, G. F. de Sá, and P. A. Santa-Cruz, “Red, green and blue light generation in fluoride glasses controlled by double excitation,” J. Alloy. Comp. 323-324, 336–339 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. E. C. Silva, G. F. de Sá, and P. A. Santa-Cruz, “White light simulation by upconversion in fluoride glass host,” J. Alloy. Comp. 344(1-2), 260–263 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. Méndez-Ramos, V. Lavı́n, I. R. Martı́n, U. R. Rodrı́guez-Mendoza, V. D. Rodrı́guez, A. D. Lozano-Gorrı́n, and P. Núñez, “Site selective study of Eu3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glass ceramics,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(4), 2295–2301 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

F. Lahoz, I. R. Martin, J. Mendez-Ramos, and P. Nunez, “Dopant distribution in a Tm(3+)-Yb(3+) codoped silica based glass ceramic: an infrared-laser induced upconversion study,” J. Chem. Phys. 120(13), 6180–6190 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Lumin. (1)

X. Liang, C. Zhu, Y. Yang, S. Yuan, and G. Chen, “Luminescent properties of Dy3+-doped and Dy3+-Tm3+ co-doped phosphate glasses,” J. Lumin. 128(7), 1162–1164 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

P. Babu, K. H. Jang, E. S. Kim, L. Shi, R. Vijaya, V. Lavin, C. K. Jayasankar, and H. J. Seo, “Optical properties and energy transfer of Dy3+-doped transparent oxyfluoride glasses and glass-ceramics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(4-5), 236–243 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. Solids (1)

D. Chen, Y. Wang, Y. Yu, E. Ma, and F. Liu, “Fluorescence and Judd-Ofelt analysis of Nd3+ ions in oxyfluoride glass ceramics containing CaF2 nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 68(2), 193–200 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

X. Qiao, X. Fan, M. Wang, J. L. Adam, and X. Zhang, “Spectroscopic properties of Er3+/Yb3+ co-doped 50SiO2-20Al2O3-30CaF2 glass and glass ceramics,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(29), 6937–6951 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. (1)

J. del-Castillo, A. C. Yanes, J. Méndez-Ramos, V. K. Tikhomirov, V. V. Moshchalkov, and V. D. Rodríguez, “Sol-gel preparation and white upconversion luminescence in rare-earth doped PbF2 nanocrystals dissolved in silica glass,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 53(3), 509–514 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Solid State Chem. (3)

G. Lakshminarayana, H. Yang, and J. Qiu, “White light emission from Tm3+/Dy3+ co-doped oxyfluoride germanate glasses under UV light excitation,” J. Solid State Chem. 182(4), 669–676 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Amorim, M. V. D. Vermelho, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, F. C. Cassanjes, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Red-green-blue upconversion and energy-transfer between Tm3+ and Er3+ ions in tellurite glasses excited at 1.064 µm,” J. Solid State Chem. 171(1-2), 278–281 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Kuang, Y. Liu, and J. Zhang, “White-light-emitting long-lasting phosphorescence in Dy3+-doped SrSiO3,” J. Solid State Chem. 179(1), 266–269 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Lett. (1)

C. Liu and J. Heo, “Generation of white light from oxy-fluoride nano-glass doped with Ho3+, Tm3+ and Yb3+,” Mater. Lett. 61(17), 3751–3754 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Res. Bull. (2)

Z. Hu, Y. Wang, E. Ma, F. Bao, Y. Yu, and D. Chen, “Crystallization and spectroscopic properties investigations of Er3+-doped transparent glass ceramics containing CaF2,” Mater. Res. Bull. 41(1), 217–224 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Fu, J. M. Parker, P. S. Flower, and R. M. Brown, “Eu2+ ions and CaF2-containing transparent glass-ceramics,” Mater. Res. Bull. 37(11), 1843–1849 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Sci. Eng. B (1)

E. C. Fuchs, C. Sommer, F. P. Wenzl, B. Bitschnau, A. H. Paulitsch, A. Muhlanger, and K. Gatterer, “Polyspectral white light emission from Eu3+, Tb3+, Dy3+, Tm3+ codoped GdAl3(BO3)4 phosphors obtained by combustion synthesis,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 156(1-3), 73–78 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

J. Zhong, H. Liang, B. Han, Z. Tian, Q. Su, and Y. Tao, “Intensive emission of Dy3+ in NaGd(PO3)4 for Hg-free lamps application,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7508–7515 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Erdem, S. Nizamoglu, X. W. Sun, and H. V. Demir, “A photometric investigation of ultra-efficient LEDs with high color rendering index and high luminous efficacy employing nanocrystal quantum dot luminophores,” Opt. Express 18(1), 340–347 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Mater. (1)

D. Chen, Y. Wang, E. Ma, Y. Yu, and F. Liu, “Partition, luminescence and energy transfer of Er3+/Yb3+ ions in oxyfluoride glass ceramic containing CaF2 non-crystals,” Opt. Mater. 29(12), 1693–1699 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, “A three-color, solid state three-dimensional display,” Science 273(5279), 1185–1189 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

V. Lavin, F. Lahoz, I. R. Martin, and U. R. Rodriguez-Mendoza, Photonic glasses, R. Balda, ed. (Research Sign post, Trivandrum, India, 2006).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) DTA spectrum of 0.1 mol% Dy3+-doped oxyfluoride glass. Tg is glass transition temperature; Tx1 is CaF2 crystallisation temperature and Tx2 is the temperature of bulk crystallization of the glass. (b) XRD spectra of 0.1 mol % Dy3+-doped oxyfluoride glass (G) and glass-ceramics heat treated at 650 °C (GC1) and 700 °C (GC2) for 4h.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Emission spectra of the oxyfluoride glass and glass-ceramics doped with 0.1 mol% of Dy3+ ions along with the energy level diagram showing excitation and emission wavelengths.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Luminescence decay curves of 0.1 mol % of Dy3+:glass, GC1 and GC2 and (b) The CIE-1931 chromaticity color diagram showing the white light emission from the 0.1 mol % of Dy3+:glass, GC1 and GC2. Inset shows the variation of Y/B with heat treatment temperature.

Equations (1)

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CCT  =   449 n3 + 3525n2 6823n + 552 0. 33

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