Abstract

In this paper, a novel Infrastructure as a Service architecture for future Internet enabled by optical network virtualization is proposed. Central to this architecture is a novel virtual optical network (VON) composition mechanism capable of taking physical layer impairments (PLIs) into account. The impact of PLIs on VON composition is investigated based on both analytical model of PLIs and industrial parameters. Furthermore, the impact of network topology on VON composition is evaluated.

© 2011 OSA

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References

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  1. Cisco white paper, “Cisco Visual Networking Index: Forecast and Methodology, 2009–2014”.
  2. S. Figuerola and M. Lemay, “Infrastructure Services for Optical Networks (Invited),” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1(2), A247–A257 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Chowdhury and R. Boutaba, “A Survey of Network Virtualization,” Comput. Netw. 54(5), 862–876 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. Takeda, “Framework and Requirements for Layer 1 Virtual Private Networks,” RFC 4847 (2007).
  5. C. V. Saradhi and S. Subramaniam, “Physical Layer Impairment Aware Routing (PLIAR) in WDM Optcial Networks: Issues and Challenges,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutor. 11(4), 109–130 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Peng, R. Nejabati, S. Azodolmolky, E. Escalona, and D. Simeonidou, “An Impairment-aware Virtual Optical Network Composition Mechanism for Future Internet,” in Proceedings of ECOC, Tu.6.K.3 (2011).
  7. G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems, 3rd. ed. (Wiley-Interscience, 2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. W. Lin, “Physically Aware Agile Optical Networks,” Ph.D. dissertation (Montana State University-Bozeman, 2008).
  9. W. Lin, T. Hahn, R. S. Wolff, and B. Mumey, “A distributed impairment aware QoS framework for all-optical networks,” Opt. Switching Networking 8(1), 56–67 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. Ellinas, N. Antoniades, T. Panayiotou, A. Hadjiantonis, and A. M. Levine, “Multicast Routing Algorithms Based on Q-Factor Physical-Layer Constraints in Metro Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(6), 365–367 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. X. Cheng, S. Su, Z. Zhang, H. Wang, F. Yang, Y. Luo, and J. Wang, “Virtual network embedding through topology-aware node ranking,” ACM SIGCOMM Comput. Commun. Rev. 41(2), 38–47 (2011).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (2)

W. Lin, T. Hahn, R. S. Wolff, and B. Mumey, “A distributed impairment aware QoS framework for all-optical networks,” Opt. Switching Networking 8(1), 56–67 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Cheng, S. Su, Z. Zhang, H. Wang, F. Yang, Y. Luo, and J. Wang, “Virtual network embedding through topology-aware node ranking,” ACM SIGCOMM Comput. Commun. Rev. 41(2), 38–47 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

M. Chowdhury and R. Boutaba, “A Survey of Network Virtualization,” Comput. Netw. 54(5), 862–876 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

C. V. Saradhi and S. Subramaniam, “Physical Layer Impairment Aware Routing (PLIAR) in WDM Optcial Networks: Issues and Challenges,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutor. 11(4), 109–130 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Ellinas, N. Antoniades, T. Panayiotou, A. Hadjiantonis, and A. M. Levine, “Multicast Routing Algorithms Based on Q-Factor Physical-Layer Constraints in Metro Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(6), 365–367 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Figuerola and M. Lemay, “Infrastructure Services for Optical Networks (Invited),” J. Opt. Commun. Netw. 1(2), A247–A257 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems, 3rd. ed. (Wiley-Interscience, 2002).
[CrossRef]

Antoniades, N.

G. Ellinas, N. Antoniades, T. Panayiotou, A. Hadjiantonis, and A. M. Levine, “Multicast Routing Algorithms Based on Q-Factor Physical-Layer Constraints in Metro Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(6), 365–367 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Azodolmolky, S.

S. Peng, R. Nejabati, S. Azodolmolky, E. Escalona, and D. Simeonidou, “An Impairment-aware Virtual Optical Network Composition Mechanism for Future Internet,” in Proceedings of ECOC, Tu.6.K.3 (2011).

Boutaba, R.

M. Chowdhury and R. Boutaba, “A Survey of Network Virtualization,” Comput. Netw. 54(5), 862–876 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, X.

X. Cheng, S. Su, Z. Zhang, H. Wang, F. Yang, Y. Luo, and J. Wang, “Virtual network embedding through topology-aware node ranking,” ACM SIGCOMM Comput. Commun. Rev. 41(2), 38–47 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chowdhury, M.

M. Chowdhury and R. Boutaba, “A Survey of Network Virtualization,” Comput. Netw. 54(5), 862–876 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ellinas, G.

G. Ellinas, N. Antoniades, T. Panayiotou, A. Hadjiantonis, and A. M. Levine, “Multicast Routing Algorithms Based on Q-Factor Physical-Layer Constraints in Metro Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(6), 365–367 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Escalona, E.

S. Peng, R. Nejabati, S. Azodolmolky, E. Escalona, and D. Simeonidou, “An Impairment-aware Virtual Optical Network Composition Mechanism for Future Internet,” in Proceedings of ECOC, Tu.6.K.3 (2011).

Figuerola, S.

Hadjiantonis, A.

G. Ellinas, N. Antoniades, T. Panayiotou, A. Hadjiantonis, and A. M. Levine, “Multicast Routing Algorithms Based on Q-Factor Physical-Layer Constraints in Metro Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(6), 365–367 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hahn, T.

W. Lin, T. Hahn, R. S. Wolff, and B. Mumey, “A distributed impairment aware QoS framework for all-optical networks,” Opt. Switching Networking 8(1), 56–67 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lemay, M.

Levine, A. M.

G. Ellinas, N. Antoniades, T. Panayiotou, A. Hadjiantonis, and A. M. Levine, “Multicast Routing Algorithms Based on Q-Factor Physical-Layer Constraints in Metro Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(6), 365–367 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lin, W.

W. Lin, T. Hahn, R. S. Wolff, and B. Mumey, “A distributed impairment aware QoS framework for all-optical networks,” Opt. Switching Networking 8(1), 56–67 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Lin, “Physically Aware Agile Optical Networks,” Ph.D. dissertation (Montana State University-Bozeman, 2008).

Luo, Y.

X. Cheng, S. Su, Z. Zhang, H. Wang, F. Yang, Y. Luo, and J. Wang, “Virtual network embedding through topology-aware node ranking,” ACM SIGCOMM Comput. Commun. Rev. 41(2), 38–47 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mumey, B.

W. Lin, T. Hahn, R. S. Wolff, and B. Mumey, “A distributed impairment aware QoS framework for all-optical networks,” Opt. Switching Networking 8(1), 56–67 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nejabati, R.

S. Peng, R. Nejabati, S. Azodolmolky, E. Escalona, and D. Simeonidou, “An Impairment-aware Virtual Optical Network Composition Mechanism for Future Internet,” in Proceedings of ECOC, Tu.6.K.3 (2011).

Panayiotou, T.

G. Ellinas, N. Antoniades, T. Panayiotou, A. Hadjiantonis, and A. M. Levine, “Multicast Routing Algorithms Based on Q-Factor Physical-Layer Constraints in Metro Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(6), 365–367 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Peng, S.

S. Peng, R. Nejabati, S. Azodolmolky, E. Escalona, and D. Simeonidou, “An Impairment-aware Virtual Optical Network Composition Mechanism for Future Internet,” in Proceedings of ECOC, Tu.6.K.3 (2011).

Saradhi, C. V.

C. V. Saradhi and S. Subramaniam, “Physical Layer Impairment Aware Routing (PLIAR) in WDM Optcial Networks: Issues and Challenges,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutor. 11(4), 109–130 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Simeonidou, D.

S. Peng, R. Nejabati, S. Azodolmolky, E. Escalona, and D. Simeonidou, “An Impairment-aware Virtual Optical Network Composition Mechanism for Future Internet,” in Proceedings of ECOC, Tu.6.K.3 (2011).

Su, S.

X. Cheng, S. Su, Z. Zhang, H. Wang, F. Yang, Y. Luo, and J. Wang, “Virtual network embedding through topology-aware node ranking,” ACM SIGCOMM Comput. Commun. Rev. 41(2), 38–47 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Subramaniam, S.

C. V. Saradhi and S. Subramaniam, “Physical Layer Impairment Aware Routing (PLIAR) in WDM Optcial Networks: Issues and Challenges,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutor. 11(4), 109–130 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Takeda, T.

T. Takeda, “Framework and Requirements for Layer 1 Virtual Private Networks,” RFC 4847 (2007).

Wang, H.

X. Cheng, S. Su, Z. Zhang, H. Wang, F. Yang, Y. Luo, and J. Wang, “Virtual network embedding through topology-aware node ranking,” ACM SIGCOMM Comput. Commun. Rev. 41(2), 38–47 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

X. Cheng, S. Su, Z. Zhang, H. Wang, F. Yang, Y. Luo, and J. Wang, “Virtual network embedding through topology-aware node ranking,” ACM SIGCOMM Comput. Commun. Rev. 41(2), 38–47 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wolff, R. S.

W. Lin, T. Hahn, R. S. Wolff, and B. Mumey, “A distributed impairment aware QoS framework for all-optical networks,” Opt. Switching Networking 8(1), 56–67 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yang, F.

X. Cheng, S. Su, Z. Zhang, H. Wang, F. Yang, Y. Luo, and J. Wang, “Virtual network embedding through topology-aware node ranking,” ACM SIGCOMM Comput. Commun. Rev. 41(2), 38–47 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z.

X. Cheng, S. Su, Z. Zhang, H. Wang, F. Yang, Y. Luo, and J. Wang, “Virtual network embedding through topology-aware node ranking,” ACM SIGCOMM Comput. Commun. Rev. 41(2), 38–47 (2011).
[CrossRef]

ACM SIGCOMM Comput. Commun. Rev. (1)

X. Cheng, S. Su, Z. Zhang, H. Wang, F. Yang, Y. Luo, and J. Wang, “Virtual network embedding through topology-aware node ranking,” ACM SIGCOMM Comput. Commun. Rev. 41(2), 38–47 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Comput. Netw. (1)

M. Chowdhury and R. Boutaba, “A Survey of Network Virtualization,” Comput. Netw. 54(5), 862–876 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutor. (1)

C. V. Saradhi and S. Subramaniam, “Physical Layer Impairment Aware Routing (PLIAR) in WDM Optcial Networks: Issues and Challenges,” IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutor. 11(4), 109–130 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

G. Ellinas, N. Antoniades, T. Panayiotou, A. Hadjiantonis, and A. M. Levine, “Multicast Routing Algorithms Based on Q-Factor Physical-Layer Constraints in Metro Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21(6), 365–367 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Commun. Netw. (1)

Opt. Switching Networking (1)

W. Lin, T. Hahn, R. S. Wolff, and B. Mumey, “A distributed impairment aware QoS framework for all-optical networks,” Opt. Switching Networking 8(1), 56–67 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

Cisco white paper, “Cisco Visual Networking Index: Forecast and Methodology, 2009–2014”.

T. Takeda, “Framework and Requirements for Layer 1 Virtual Private Networks,” RFC 4847 (2007).

S. Peng, R. Nejabati, S. Azodolmolky, E. Escalona, and D. Simeonidou, “An Impairment-aware Virtual Optical Network Composition Mechanism for Future Internet,” in Proceedings of ECOC, Tu.6.K.3 (2011).

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems, 3rd. ed. (Wiley-Interscience, 2002).
[CrossRef]

W. Lin, “Physically Aware Agile Optical Networks,” Ph.D. dissertation (Montana State University-Bozeman, 2008).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Example of the virtualization of an optical network.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The reference model of the PLI-aware IaaS architecture.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Physical topology with average node degree shown in paranthesis.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The impact of different channel spacing on the VON composition.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The impact of PLIs on the VON composition with different number of wavelengths per link. VON holding time is 400 units. Channel spacing is 50 GHz.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

The impact of PLIs on the VON composition with different VON holding times.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

The impact of node degree on the PLI-aware VON composition with different VON holding time. Channel spacing is 50 GHz.

Equations (6)

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Q = 10 lg ( P sig _ peak σ A S E 2 + σ X P M 2 + σ F W M 2 ) ,
σ A S E 2 = F h f c ( G 1 ) B 0 ,
σ X P M 2 = 1 2 π j pumps | H j ( w ) | 2 P S D j ( w ) d w ,
σ F W M 2 = f i + f j f k = f p i , j k σ i , j , k 2 ,
σ i , j , k 2 = P i P j P k | γ d 3 1 + e 2 α L 2 e α L cos ( K * L ) α 2 + K 2 | 2 ,
K = 2 π λ p 2 c ( f i f p ) ( f j f p ) [ D λ p 2 c ( f i + f j 2 f p ) S ] ,

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