Abstract

We present a fiber CPA system consisting of two coherently combined fiber amplifiers, which have been arranged in an actively stabilized Mach-Zehnder interferometer. Pulse durations as short as 470 fs and pulse energies of 3 mJ, corresponding to 5.4 GW of peak power, have been achieved at an average power of 30 W.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. P. Russbueldt, T. Mans, J. Weitenberg, H. D. Hoffmann, and R. Poprawe, “Compact diode-pumped 1.1 kW Yb:YAG Innoslab femtosecond amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 35(24), 4169–4171 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. C. R. Baer, Ch. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, Th. Südmeyer, G. Huber, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond thin-disk laser with 141 W of average power,” Opt. Lett. 35(13), 2302–2304 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. U. Buenting, H. Sayinc, D. Wandt, U. Morgner, and D. Kracht, “Regenerative thin disk amplifier with combined gain spectra producing 500 μJ sub 200 fs pulses,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8046–8050 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. T. Eidam, S. Hanf, E. Seise, T. V. Andersen, Th. Gabler, Ch. Wirth, Th. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond fiber CPA system emitting 830 W average output power,” Opt. Lett. 35(2), 94–96 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, S. Hädrich, H. Carstens, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Fiber chirped-pulse amplification system emitting 3.8 GW peak power,” Opt. Express 19(1), 255–260 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kartner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics 5(8), 475–479 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  7. “The Extreme Light Infrastructure European Project,” http://www.extreme-light-infrastructure.eu/reports.php
  8. E. Seise, A. Klenke, S. Breitkopf, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “88 W 0.5 mJ femtosecond laser pulses from two coherently combined fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 36(19), 3858–3860 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. L. Daniault, M. Hanna, L. Lombard, Y. Zaouter, E. Mottay, D. Goular, P. Bourdon, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “Coherent beam combining of two femtosecond fiber chirped-pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 36(5), 621–623 (2011)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. Klenke, E. Seise, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Basic considerations on coherent combining of ultrashort laser pulses,” Opt. Express (submitted to).
  11. D. Schimpf, T. Eidam, E. Seise, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Model-based phase-shaping for SPM-compensation in mJ-pulse-energy fiber CPA-systems,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper AWB14.
  12. F. Röser, T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, O. Schmidt, D. N. Schimpf, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Millijoule pulse energy high repetition rate femtosecond fiber chirped-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Lett. 32(24), 3495–3497 (2007)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. V. V. Lozovoy, I. Pastirk, and M. Dantus, “Multiphoton intrapulse interference. IV. Ultrashort laser pulse spectral phase characterization and compensation,” Opt. Lett. 29(7), 775–777 (2004) .
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. R. Uberna, A. Bratcher, and B. Tiemann, “Coherent Polarization Beam Combining,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(8), 1191–1196 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  15. T. W. Hänsch and B. Couillaud, “Laser frequency stabilization by polarization spectroscopy of a reflecting reference cavity,” Opt. Commun. 35(3), 441–444 (1980).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (4)

2010 (4)

2009 (1)

2007 (1)

2004 (1)

1980 (1)

T. W. Hänsch and B. Couillaud, “Laser frequency stabilization by polarization spectroscopy of a reflecting reference cavity,” Opt. Commun. 35(3), 441–444 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Andersen, T. V.

Baer, C. R.

Bhardwaj, S.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kartner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics 5(8), 475–479 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Birge, J. R.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kartner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics 5(8), 475–479 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bourdon, P.

Bratcher, A.

R. Uberna, A. Bratcher, and B. Tiemann, “Coherent Polarization Beam Combining,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(8), 1191–1196 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Breitkopf, S.

Buenting, U.

Carstens, H.

Cerullo, G.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kartner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics 5(8), 475–479 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.-J.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kartner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics 5(8), 475–479 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cirmi, G.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kartner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics 5(8), 475–479 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Couillaud, B.

T. W. Hänsch and B. Couillaud, “Laser frequency stabilization by polarization spectroscopy of a reflecting reference cavity,” Opt. Commun. 35(3), 441–444 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Daniault, L.

Dantus, M.

Druon, F.

Eggleton, B. J.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kartner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics 5(8), 475–479 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Eidam, T.

Gabler, Th.

Georges, P.

Golling, M.

Goular, D.

Hädrich, S.

Hanf, S.

Hanna, M.

Hänsch, T. W.

T. W. Hänsch and B. Couillaud, “Laser frequency stabilization by polarization spectroscopy of a reflecting reference cavity,” Opt. Commun. 35(3), 441–444 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Heckl, O. H.

Hoffmann, H. D.

Hong, K.-H.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kartner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics 5(8), 475–479 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Huang, S.-W.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kartner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics 5(8), 475–479 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

Jansen, F.

Jauregui, C.

Kartner, F. X.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kartner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics 5(8), 475–479 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

Klenke, A.

E. Seise, A. Klenke, S. Breitkopf, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “88 W 0.5 mJ femtosecond laser pulses from two coherently combined fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 36(19), 3858–3860 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Klenke, E. Seise, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Basic considerations on coherent combining of ultrashort laser pulses,” Opt. Express (submitted to).

Kracht, D.

Kränkel, Ch.

Li, E.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kartner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics 5(8), 475–479 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Limpert, J.

Lombard, L.

Lozovoy, V. V.

Mans, T.

Morgner, U.

Moses, J.

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kartner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics 5(8), 475–479 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mottay, E.

Pastirk, I.

Petermann, K.

Peters, R.

Poprawe, R.

Röser, F.

Rothhardt, J.

Russbueldt, P.

Saraceno, C. J.

Sayinc, H.

Schimpf, D. N.

Schmidt, O.

Schreiber, Th.

Seise, E.

Stutzki, F.

Südmeyer, Th.

Tiemann, B.

R. Uberna, A. Bratcher, and B. Tiemann, “Coherent Polarization Beam Combining,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(8), 1191–1196 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

Uberna, R.

R. Uberna, A. Bratcher, and B. Tiemann, “Coherent Polarization Beam Combining,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(8), 1191–1196 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wandt, D.

Weitenberg, J.

Wirth, Ch.

Zaouter, Y.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. Uberna, A. Bratcher, and B. Tiemann, “Coherent Polarization Beam Combining,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(8), 1191–1196 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

S.-W. Huang, G. Cirmi, J. Moses, K.-H. Hong, S. Bhardwaj, J. R. Birge, L.-J. Chen, E. Li, B. J. Eggleton, G. Cerullo, and F. X. Kartner, “High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics,” Nat. Photonics 5(8), 475–479 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

T. W. Hänsch and B. Couillaud, “Laser frequency stabilization by polarization spectroscopy of a reflecting reference cavity,” Opt. Commun. 35(3), 441–444 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (7)

L. Daniault, M. Hanna, L. Lombard, Y. Zaouter, E. Mottay, D. Goular, P. Bourdon, F. Druon, and P. Georges, “Coherent beam combining of two femtosecond fiber chirped-pulse amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 36(5), 621–623 (2011)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Seise, A. Klenke, S. Breitkopf, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “88 W 0.5 mJ femtosecond laser pulses from two coherently combined fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 36(19), 3858–3860 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Eidam, S. Hanf, E. Seise, T. V. Andersen, Th. Gabler, Ch. Wirth, Th. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond fiber CPA system emitting 830 W average output power,” Opt. Lett. 35(2), 94–96 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. R. Baer, Ch. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, Th. Südmeyer, G. Huber, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond thin-disk laser with 141 W of average power,” Opt. Lett. 35(13), 2302–2304 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Russbueldt, T. Mans, J. Weitenberg, H. D. Hoffmann, and R. Poprawe, “Compact diode-pumped 1.1 kW Yb:YAG Innoslab femtosecond amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 35(24), 4169–4171 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. V. Lozovoy, I. Pastirk, and M. Dantus, “Multiphoton intrapulse interference. IV. Ultrashort laser pulse spectral phase characterization and compensation,” Opt. Lett. 29(7), 775–777 (2004) .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Röser, T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, O. Schmidt, D. N. Schimpf, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Millijoule pulse energy high repetition rate femtosecond fiber chirped-pulse amplification system,” Opt. Lett. 32(24), 3495–3497 (2007)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

D. Schimpf, T. Eidam, E. Seise, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Model-based phase-shaping for SPM-compensation in mJ-pulse-energy fiber CPA-systems,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper AWB14.

“The Extreme Light Infrastructure European Project,” http://www.extreme-light-infrastructure.eu/reports.php

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic setup of the coherently combined chirped-pulse fiber amplifiers. SLM: spatial-light modulator, AOM: Acousto-optic modulator, HC: Hänsch-Couillaud detector

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Spectra and (b) autocorrelation traces of the single amplifiers and of the combined beam at a combined pulse energy of 2.1 mJ.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Autocorrelation traces of the single amplifiers and of the combined beam at combined pulse energies of (a) 2.8 mJ and (b) 3 mJ.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Compensated OPD (a) just after the system was switched on at 2.1 mJ compressed pulse energy and (b) after a couple of minutes running at a compressed pulse energy of 3 mJ.

Equations (1)

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DOLP= P max P min P max + P min  and system efficiency= P lin P 1 + P 2

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