Abstract

We demonstrate a widely tunable L-band multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser utilizing a nonlinear amplified fiber loop mirror filter (AFLMF). By manipulating polarization controllers placed in the fiber loop, the erbium peak gain spectrum is able to be shifted. The nonlinear AFLMF induces wavelength-dependent cavity loss and serves as an amplitude equalizer. In addition, it provides flexibility on controlling the amount of light reflected and transmitted into and out of the laser’s cavity. By utilizing 100 mW 1480 nm pump and 1.1 mW Brillouin pump power, an average of 24 stable output channels are generated by the proposed structure that could all be tuned over the whole L-band window from 1570 nm to 1610 nm.

© 2011 OSA

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2011

M. Ajiya, M. A. Mahdi, and M. H. Al-Mansoori, “Widely tunable linear-cavity multiwavelength fiber laser with distributed Brillouin scattering,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 9, 1–3 (2011).

2010

B. Dong, D. P. Zhou, and L. Wei, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser by controlling self-lasing cavity modes' oscillation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16(1), 17–19 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Al-Asadi, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Ajiya, S. Hitam, M. I. Saripan, and M. A. Mahdi, “Effects of pump recycling technique on stimulated Brillouin scattering threshold: a theoretical model,” Opt. Express 18(21), 22339–22347 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

M. Ajiya, M. A. Mahdi, M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. Hitam, and M. Mokhtar, “Seamless tuning range based-on available gain bandwidth in multiwavelength Brillouin fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17(8), 5944–5952 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Al-Mansoori and M. A. Mahdi, “Multiwavelength L-band brillouin-erbium comb fiber laser utilizing nonlinear amplifying loop mirror,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(22), 5038–5044 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Ajiya, M. A. Mahdi, M. H. Al-Mansoori, Y. G. Shee, S. Hitam, and M. Mokhtar, “Reduction of stimulated Brillouin scattering threshold through pump recycling technique,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(7), 535–538 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. A. Mahdi, and M. Premaratne, “Novel multiwavelength L-band Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser utilizing double-pass Brillouin pump preamplified technique,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 415–421 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

2007

2006

2005

M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. K. Abd-Rahman, F. R. Mahamd Adikan, and M. A. Mahdi, “Widely tunable linear cavity multiwavelength Brillouin-Erbium fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 13(9), 3471–3476 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. G. Han and S. B. Lee, “Flexibly tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on four-wave mixing effect in dispersion-shifted fibers,” Opt. Express 13(25), 10134–10139 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Liu, X. Zhou, X. Tang, J. Ng, J. Hao, T. Y. Chai, L. Edward, and C. Lu, “Switchable and tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with fiber Bragg gratings and photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(8), 1626–1628 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhuyuan, C. Yiping, Y. Binfeng, and L. Changgui, “Multiwavelength generation in a Raman fiber laser with sampled Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(10), 2044–2046 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

Y. J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q. H. Ye, and Y. X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(9), 2015–2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

2001

B. Min, P. Kim, and N. Park, “Flat amplitude equal spacing 798 channel Rayleigh assisted Brillouin/Raman multiwavelength comb generation in dispersion compensating fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(12), 1352–1354 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998

1997

D. Y. Stepanov and G. J. Cowle, “Properties of Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3(4), 1049–1057 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Cowle, D. Y. Stepanov, and Y. T. Chieng, “Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(7), 1198–1204 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, “Multiple wavelength generation with Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(11), 1465–1467 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

K. Inoue, “Brillouin threshold in an optical fiber with bidirectional pump lights,” Opt. Commun. 120(1-2), 34–38 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1991

1989

Abd-Rahman, M. K.

Ahmad, A.

Ahn, J. T.

Ajiya, M.

M. Ajiya, M. A. Mahdi, and M. H. Al-Mansoori, “Widely tunable linear-cavity multiwavelength fiber laser with distributed Brillouin scattering,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 9, 1–3 (2011).

H. A. Al-Asadi, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Ajiya, S. Hitam, M. I. Saripan, and M. A. Mahdi, “Effects of pump recycling technique on stimulated Brillouin scattering threshold: a theoretical model,” Opt. Express 18(21), 22339–22347 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Ajiya, M. A. Mahdi, M. H. Al-Mansoori, Y. G. Shee, S. Hitam, and M. Mokhtar, “Reduction of stimulated Brillouin scattering threshold through pump recycling technique,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(7), 535–538 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Ajiya, M. A. Mahdi, M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. Hitam, and M. Mokhtar, “Seamless tuning range based-on available gain bandwidth in multiwavelength Brillouin fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17(8), 5944–5952 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Al-Asadi, H. A.

Al-Mansoori, M. H.

M. Ajiya, M. A. Mahdi, and M. H. Al-Mansoori, “Widely tunable linear-cavity multiwavelength fiber laser with distributed Brillouin scattering,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 9, 1–3 (2011).

H. A. Al-Asadi, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Ajiya, S. Hitam, M. I. Saripan, and M. A. Mahdi, “Effects of pump recycling technique on stimulated Brillouin scattering threshold: a theoretical model,” Opt. Express 18(21), 22339–22347 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Al-Mansoori and M. A. Mahdi, “Multiwavelength L-band brillouin-erbium comb fiber laser utilizing nonlinear amplifying loop mirror,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(22), 5038–5044 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Ajiya, M. A. Mahdi, M. H. Al-Mansoori, Y. G. Shee, S. Hitam, and M. Mokhtar, “Reduction of stimulated Brillouin scattering threshold through pump recycling technique,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(7), 535–538 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. A. Mahdi, and M. Premaratne, “Novel multiwavelength L-band Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser utilizing double-pass Brillouin pump preamplified technique,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 415–421 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Ajiya, M. A. Mahdi, M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. Hitam, and M. Mokhtar, “Seamless tuning range based-on available gain bandwidth in multiwavelength Brillouin fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17(8), 5944–5952 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Al-Mansoori and M. A. Mahdi, “Tunable range enhancement of Brillouin-erbium fiber laser utilizing Brillouin pump pre-amplification technique,” Opt. Express 16(11), 7649–7654 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. K. Zamzuri, M. A. Mahdi, A. Ahmad, M. I. Md Ali, and M. H. Al-Mansoori, “Flat amplitude multiwavelength Brillouin-Raman comb fiber laser in Rayleigh-scattering-enhanced linear cavity,” Opt. Express 15, 3000–3005 (2007).

M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. K. Abd-Rahman, F. R. Mahamd Adikan, and M. A. Mahdi, “Widely tunable linear cavity multiwavelength Brillouin-Erbium fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 13(9), 3471–3476 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Babin, S. A.

Binfeng, Y.

W. Zhuyuan, C. Yiping, Y. Binfeng, and L. Changgui, “Multiwavelength generation in a Raman fiber laser with sampled Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(10), 2044–2046 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chai, T. Y.

X. Liu, X. Zhou, X. Tang, J. Ng, J. Hao, T. Y. Chai, L. Edward, and C. Lu, “Switchable and tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with fiber Bragg gratings and photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(8), 1626–1628 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chan, C. C.

Changgui, L.

W. Zhuyuan, C. Yiping, Y. Binfeng, and L. Changgui, “Multiwavelength generation in a Raman fiber laser with sampled Bragg grating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(10), 2044–2046 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chieng, Y. T.

G. J. Cowle, D. Y. Stepanov, and Y. T. Chieng, “Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(7), 1198–1204 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Churkin, D. V.

Cowle, G. J.

G. J. Cowle, D. Y. Stepanov, and Y. T. Chieng, “Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(7), 1198–1204 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Stepanov and G. J. Cowle, “Properties of Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 3(4), 1049–1057 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, “Multiple wavelength generation with Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8(11), 1465–1467 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dong, B.

B. Dong, D. P. Zhou, and L. Wei, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser by controlling self-lasing cavity modes' oscillation,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 16(1), 17–19 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dong, X.

Edward, L.

X. Liu, X. Zhou, X. Tang, J. Ng, J. Hao, T. Y. Chai, L. Edward, and C. Lu, “Switchable and tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with fiber Bragg gratings and photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(8), 1626–1628 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ezekiel, S.

Garth, S. J.

Han, Y. G.

Hao, J.

X. Liu, X. Zhou, X. Tang, J. Ng, J. Hao, T. Y. Chai, L. Edward, and C. Lu, “Switchable and tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with fiber Bragg gratings and photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(8), 1626–1628 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hitam, S.

Hu, S.

Y. J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q. H. Ye, and Y. X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(9), 2015–2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y.

Y. Huang, L. Zhan, J. H. Ji, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, “Multiwavelength self-seeded Brillouin-erbium fiber laser with 45-nm tunable range,” Opt. Commun. 281, 452–456 (2008).

Inoue, K.

K. Inoue, “Brillouin threshold in an optical fiber with bidirectional pump lights,” Opt. Commun. 120(1-2), 34–38 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jeon, M. Y.

Ji, J. H.

Y. Huang, L. Zhan, J. H. Ji, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, “Multiwavelength self-seeded Brillouin-erbium fiber laser with 45-nm tunable range,” Opt. Commun. 281, 452–456 (2008).

Kablukov, S. I.

Kang, S. B.

Kim, B. Y.

Kim, K. H.

Kim, N. S.

N. S. Kim, “Multiwavelength operation of EDFA-enhanced Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” Electron. Lett. 34(7), 673–675 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kim, P.

B. Min, P. Kim, and N. Park, “Flat amplitude equal spacing 798 channel Rayleigh assisted Brillouin/Raman multiwavelength comb generation in dispersion compensating fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(12), 1352–1354 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H. K.

Lee, S. B.

Lim, D. S.

Liu, X.

X. Liu, X. Zhou, X. Tang, J. Ng, J. Hao, T. Y. Chai, L. Edward, and C. Lu, “Switchable and tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with fiber Bragg gratings and photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(8), 1626–1628 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y. G.

Lu, C.

X. Liu, X. Zhou, X. Tang, J. Ng, J. Hao, T. Y. Chai, L. Edward, and C. Lu, “Switchable and tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with fiber Bragg gratings and photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(8), 1626–1628 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Luo, S. Y.

Y. Huang, L. Zhan, J. H. Ji, S. Y. Luo, and Y. X. Xia, “Multiwavelength self-seeded Brillouin-erbium fiber laser with 45-nm tunable range,” Opt. Commun. 281, 452–456 (2008).

Mahamd Adikan, F. R.

Mahdi, M. A.

M. Ajiya, M. A. Mahdi, and M. H. Al-Mansoori, “Widely tunable linear-cavity multiwavelength fiber laser with distributed Brillouin scattering,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 9, 1–3 (2011).

H. A. Al-Asadi, M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. Ajiya, S. Hitam, M. I. Saripan, and M. A. Mahdi, “Effects of pump recycling technique on stimulated Brillouin scattering threshold: a theoretical model,” Opt. Express 18(21), 22339–22347 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Al-Mansoori and M. A. Mahdi, “Multiwavelength L-band brillouin-erbium comb fiber laser utilizing nonlinear amplifying loop mirror,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(22), 5038–5044 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Ajiya, M. A. Mahdi, M. H. Al-Mansoori, Y. G. Shee, S. Hitam, and M. Mokhtar, “Reduction of stimulated Brillouin scattering threshold through pump recycling technique,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(7), 535–538 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. A. Mahdi, and M. Premaratne, “Novel multiwavelength L-band Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser utilizing double-pass Brillouin pump preamplified technique,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 415–421 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Ajiya, M. A. Mahdi, M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. Hitam, and M. Mokhtar, “Seamless tuning range based-on available gain bandwidth in multiwavelength Brillouin fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17(8), 5944–5952 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Al-Mansoori and M. A. Mahdi, “Tunable range enhancement of Brillouin-erbium fiber laser utilizing Brillouin pump pre-amplification technique,” Opt. Express 16(11), 7649–7654 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. K. Zamzuri, M. A. Mahdi, A. Ahmad, M. I. Md Ali, and M. H. Al-Mansoori, “Flat amplitude multiwavelength Brillouin-Raman comb fiber laser in Rayleigh-scattering-enhanced linear cavity,” Opt. Express 15, 3000–3005 (2007).

M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. K. Abd-Rahman, F. R. Mahamd Adikan, and M. A. Mahdi, “Widely tunable linear cavity multiwavelength Brillouin-Erbium fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 13(9), 3471–3476 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Md Ali, M. I.

Min, B.

B. Min, P. Kim, and N. Park, “Flat amplitude equal spacing 798 channel Rayleigh assisted Brillouin/Raman multiwavelength comb generation in dispersion compensating fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(12), 1352–1354 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mokhtar, M.

M. Ajiya, M. A. Mahdi, M. H. Al-Mansoori, Y. G. Shee, S. Hitam, and M. Mokhtar, “Reduction of stimulated Brillouin scattering threshold through pump recycling technique,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(7), 535–538 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Ajiya, M. A. Mahdi, M. H. Al-Mansoori, S. Hitam, and M. Mokhtar, “Seamless tuning range based-on available gain bandwidth in multiwavelength Brillouin fiber laser,” Opt. Express 17(8), 5944–5952 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ng, J.

X. Liu, X. Zhou, X. Tang, J. Ng, J. Hao, T. Y. Chai, L. Edward, and C. Lu, “Switchable and tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with fiber Bragg gratings and photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(8), 1626–1628 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ngo, N. Q.

Park, N.

B. Min, P. Kim, and N. Park, “Flat amplitude equal spacing 798 channel Rayleigh assisted Brillouin/Raman multiwavelength comb generation in dispersion compensating fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13(12), 1352–1354 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Premaratne, M.

M. H. Al-Mansoori, M. A. Mahdi, and M. Premaratne, “Novel multiwavelength L-band Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser utilizing double-pass Brillouin pump preamplified technique,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 15(2), 415–421 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rybakov, M. A.

Sammut, R. A.

Saripan, M. I.

Shee, Y. G.

M. Ajiya, M. A. Mahdi, M. H. Al-Mansoori, Y. G. Shee, S. Hitam, and M. Mokhtar, “Reduction of stimulated Brillouin scattering threshold through pump recycling technique,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(7), 535–538 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shum, P.

Smith, S. P.

Song, Y. J.

Y. J. Song, L. Zhan, S. Hu, Q. H. Ye, and Y. X. Xia, “Tunable multiwavelength Brillouin-Erbium fiber laser with a polarization-maintaining fiber Sagnac loop filter,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16(9), 2015–2017 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stepanov, D. Y.

G. J. Cowle, D. Y. Stepanov, and Y. T. Chieng, “Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 15(7), 1198–1204 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of multiwavelength BEFL utilizing nonlinear AFLMF.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmission spectra of the FLMF for different setting of the polarization controller.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Wavelength tuning of the EDFL cavity modes oscillation at 100 mW of 1480 nm pump power.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Wavelength tuning process at 100 mW pump power, and 1.1 mW of BP power.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Output spectra of multiwavelength BEFL in tuning process at BP wavelength of (a) 1570 nm, (b) 1580 nm, (c)1600 nm and (d) 1610 nm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Total output power and the number of generated channels against the BP wavelength.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Spectral stabilities of Stokes lines at 100m W of 1480 nm pump power and 1.1 mW BP power with wavelength at 1600 nm.

Equations (3)

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Δϕ= 2π λ BL
T 12 =14k(1k)[1 sin 2 (2θ) sin 2 ( Δϕ 2 )]
P T 12 = P in G{ 14k(1k)[1 sin 2 (2θ) sin 2 ( Δϕ 2 )] }

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