Abstract

We proposed the first microstructured optical fiber based multichannel plasmonic sensor design. The large air holes can facilitate sample loading and can be modified to realize two functionalities, dual analyte sensing and self referencing. A theoretical analysis is carried out to simulate these two operation modes and study the influences of the structural variables on the sensor performance. In dual analyte detection, average sensitivity of 6.5 × 10−6 RIU for each channel can be achieved over a dynamic index range of 1.33 to 1.36. In self referencing operation, the capability of the proposed sensor in nullifying environmental noises has also been demonstrated.

© 2011 OSA

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2011 (2)

Y. Zhang, L. Xia, C. Zhou, X. Yu, H. Liu, D. Liu, and Y. Zhang, “Microstructured fiber based plasmonic index sensor with optimized accuracy and calibration relation in large dynamic range,” Opt. Commun. 284(18), 4161–4166 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yuan, L. Ding, and Z. Guo, “Numerical investigation for SPR-based optical fiber sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 157(1), 240–245 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

2009 (4)

A. Hassani and M. Skorobogatiy, “Photonic crystal fiber-based plasmonic sensors for the detection of biolayer thickness,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 26(8), 1550–1557 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Skorobogatiy, “Microstructured and photonic bandgap fibers for applications in the resonant bio- and chemical sensors,” J. Sens. 2009, 524237 (2009).

B. Špačková, M. Piliarik, P. Kvasnička, C. Themistos, M. Rajarajan, and J. Homola, “Novel concept of multi-channel fiber optic surface plasmon resonance sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 139(1), 199–203 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. T. Kuhlmey, B. J. Eggleton, and D. K. C. Wu, “Fluid-filled solid-core photonic bandgap fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 27(11), 1617–1630 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

2007 (5)

X. D. Hoa, A. G. Kirk, and M. Tabrizian, “Towards integrated and sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensors: a review of recent progress,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 23(2), 151–160 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Zhang, P. Zhao, F. Sun, G. Xiao, and Y. Wu, “Self-referencing in optical-fiber surface plasmon resonance sensors,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(24), 1958–1960 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Hassani and M. Skorobogatiy, “Design criteria for microstructured optical fiber based surface plasmon resonance sensors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(6), 1423–1429 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Gauvreau, A. Hassani, M. Fassi Fehri, A. Kabashin, and M. A. Skorobogatiy, “Photonic bandgap fiber-based Surface Plasmon Resonance sensors,” Opt. Express 15(18), 11413–11426 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. K. Sharma, R. Jha, and B. D. Gupta, “Fiber-optic sensor based on surface plasmon resonance: A comprehensive review,” IEEE Sens. J. 7(8), 1118–1129 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kim, Y. Jung, K. Oh, J. Kobelke, K. Schuster, and J. Kirchhof, “Defect and lattice structure for air-silica index-guiding holey fibers,” Opt. Lett. 31(2), 164–166 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

J. Homola, S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 54(1–2), 3–15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Abe, Y.

Afshar, S. V

Afshar V., S.

Akowuah, E. K.

Amezcua-Correa, A.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Badding, J. V.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Banerji, S.

Baril, N. F.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Booksh, K. S.

Crespi, V. H.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ding, L.

Y. Yuan, L. Ding, and Z. Guo, “Numerical investigation for SPR-based optical fiber sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 157(1), 240–245 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dostálek, J.

J. Homola, H. Vaisocherová, J. Dostálek, and M. Piliarik, “Multi-analyte surface plasmon resonance biosensing,” Methods 37(1), 26–36 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eggleton, B. J.

Fassi Fehri, M.

Finlayson, C. E.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gauglitz, G.

J. Homola, S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 54(1–2), 3–15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gauvreau, B.

Gopalan, V.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gorman, T.

Guo, Z.

Y. Yuan, L. Ding, and Z. Guo, “Numerical investigation for SPR-based optical fiber sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 157(1), 240–245 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gupta, B. D.

A. K. Sharma, R. Jha, and B. D. Gupta, “Fiber-optic sensor based on surface plasmon resonance: A comprehensive review,” IEEE Sens. J. 7(8), 1118–1129 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hassani, A.

Hautakorpi, M.

Haxha, S.

Hayes, J. R.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ho, H. P.

Hoa, X. D.

X. D. Hoa, A. G. Kirk, and M. Tabrizian, “Towards integrated and sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensors: a review of recent progress,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 23(2), 151–160 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Homola, J.

B. Špačková, M. Piliarik, P. Kvasnička, C. Themistos, M. Rajarajan, and J. Homola, “Novel concept of multi-channel fiber optic surface plasmon resonance sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 139(1), 199–203 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Homola, H. Vaisocherová, J. Dostálek, and M. Piliarik, “Multi-analyte surface plasmon resonance biosensing,” Methods 37(1), 26–36 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Homola, S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 54(1–2), 3–15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, B. R.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jha, R.

A. K. Sharma, R. Jha, and B. D. Gupta, “Fiber-optic sensor based on surface plasmon resonance: A comprehensive review,” IEEE Sens. J. 7(8), 1118–1129 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jung, Y.

Kabashin, A.

Kim, S.

Kim, Y. C.

Kirchhof, J.

Kirk, A. G.

X. D. Hoa, A. G. Kirk, and M. Tabrizian, “Towards integrated and sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensors: a review of recent progress,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 23(2), 151–160 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kobelke, J.

Kuhlmey, B. T.

Kvasnicka, P.

B. Špačková, M. Piliarik, P. Kvasnička, C. Themistos, M. Rajarajan, and J. Homola, “Novel concept of multi-channel fiber optic surface plasmon resonance sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 139(1), 199–203 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Leviatan, Y.

X. Yu, Y. Zhang, S. Pan, P. Shum, M. Yan, Y. Leviatan, and C. Li, “A selectively coated photonic crystal fiber based surface plasmon resonance sensor,” J. Opt. 12(1), 015005 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, C.

X. Yu, Y. Zhang, S. Pan, P. Shum, M. Yan, Y. Leviatan, and C. Li, “A selectively coated photonic crystal fiber based surface plasmon resonance sensor,” J. Opt. 12(1), 015005 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, D.

Y. Zhang, L. Xia, C. Zhou, X. Yu, H. Liu, D. Liu, and Y. Zhang, “Microstructured fiber based plasmonic index sensor with optimized accuracy and calibration relation in large dynamic range,” Opt. Commun. 284(18), 4161–4166 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Yu, S. Zhang, Y. Zhang, H. P. Ho, P. Shum, H. Liu, and D. Liu, “An efficient approach for investigating surface plasmon resonance in asymmetric optical fibers based on birefringence analysis,” Opt. Express 18(17), 17950–17957 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, H.

Y. Zhang, L. Xia, C. Zhou, X. Yu, H. Liu, D. Liu, and Y. Zhang, “Microstructured fiber based plasmonic index sensor with optimized accuracy and calibration relation in large dynamic range,” Opt. Commun. 284(18), 4161–4166 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Yu, S. Zhang, Y. Zhang, H. P. Ho, P. Shum, H. Liu, and D. Liu, “An efficient approach for investigating surface plasmon resonance in asymmetric optical fibers based on birefringence analysis,” Opt. Express 18(17), 17950–17957 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ludvigsen, H.

Margine, E. R.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matsuura, Y.

Mattinen, M.

Miyagi, M.

Monro, T. M.

Oh, K.

Oliver, J. V.

Pan, S.

X. Yu, Y. Zhang, S. Pan, P. Shum, M. Yan, Y. Leviatan, and C. Li, “A selectively coated photonic crystal fiber based surface plasmon resonance sensor,” J. Opt. 12(1), 015005 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Peng, W.

Piliarik, M.

B. Špačková, M. Piliarik, P. Kvasnička, C. Themistos, M. Rajarajan, and J. Homola, “Novel concept of multi-channel fiber optic surface plasmon resonance sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 139(1), 199–203 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Homola, H. Vaisocherová, J. Dostálek, and M. Piliarik, “Multi-analyte surface plasmon resonance biosensing,” Methods 37(1), 26–36 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rajarajan, M.

B. Špačková, M. Piliarik, P. Kvasnička, C. Themistos, M. Rajarajan, and J. Homola, “Novel concept of multi-channel fiber optic surface plasmon resonance sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 139(1), 199–203 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ruan, Y.

Sazio, P. J. A.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scheidemantel, T. J.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schuster, K.

Sharma, A. K.

A. K. Sharma, R. Jha, and B. D. Gupta, “Fiber-optic sensor based on surface plasmon resonance: A comprehensive review,” IEEE Sens. J. 7(8), 1118–1129 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shi, Y. W.

Shum, P.

X. Yu, S. Zhang, Y. Zhang, H. P. Ho, P. Shum, H. Liu, and D. Liu, “An efficient approach for investigating surface plasmon resonance in asymmetric optical fibers based on birefringence analysis,” Opt. Express 18(17), 17950–17957 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Yu, Y. Zhang, S. Pan, P. Shum, M. Yan, Y. Leviatan, and C. Li, “A selectively coated photonic crystal fiber based surface plasmon resonance sensor,” J. Opt. 12(1), 015005 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Skorobogatiy, M.

Skorobogatiy, M. A.

Špacková, B.

B. Špačková, M. Piliarik, P. Kvasnička, C. Themistos, M. Rajarajan, and J. Homola, “Novel concept of multi-channel fiber optic surface plasmon resonance sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 139(1), 199–203 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sun, F.

Z. Zhang, P. Zhao, F. Sun, G. Xiao, and Y. Wu, “Self-referencing in optical-fiber surface plasmon resonance sensors,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(24), 1958–1960 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tabrizian, M.

X. D. Hoa, A. G. Kirk, and M. Tabrizian, “Towards integrated and sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensors: a review of recent progress,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 23(2), 151–160 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Themistos, C.

B. Špačková, M. Piliarik, P. Kvasnička, C. Themistos, M. Rajarajan, and J. Homola, “Novel concept of multi-channel fiber optic surface plasmon resonance sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 139(1), 199–203 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vaisocherová, H.

J. Homola, H. Vaisocherová, J. Dostálek, and M. Piliarik, “Multi-analyte surface plasmon resonance biosensing,” Methods 37(1), 26–36 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Warren-Smith, S. C.

Won, D. J.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, D. K. C.

Wu, Y.

Z. Zhang, P. Zhao, F. Sun, G. Xiao, and Y. Wu, “Self-referencing in optical-fiber surface plasmon resonance sensors,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(24), 1958–1960 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xia, L.

Y. Zhang, L. Xia, C. Zhou, X. Yu, H. Liu, D. Liu, and Y. Zhang, “Microstructured fiber based plasmonic index sensor with optimized accuracy and calibration relation in large dynamic range,” Opt. Commun. 284(18), 4161–4166 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, G.

Z. Zhang, P. Zhao, F. Sun, G. Xiao, and Y. Wu, “Self-referencing in optical-fiber surface plasmon resonance sensors,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(24), 1958–1960 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yan, M.

X. Yu, Y. Zhang, S. Pan, P. Shum, M. Yan, Y. Leviatan, and C. Li, “A selectively coated photonic crystal fiber based surface plasmon resonance sensor,” J. Opt. 12(1), 015005 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yee, S.

J. Homola, S. Yee, and G. Gauglitz, “Surface plasmon resonance sensors: review,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 54(1–2), 3–15 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yu, X.

Y. Zhang, L. Xia, C. Zhou, X. Yu, H. Liu, D. Liu, and Y. Zhang, “Microstructured fiber based plasmonic index sensor with optimized accuracy and calibration relation in large dynamic range,” Opt. Commun. 284(18), 4161–4166 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Yu, Y. Zhang, S. Pan, P. Shum, M. Yan, Y. Leviatan, and C. Li, “A selectively coated photonic crystal fiber based surface plasmon resonance sensor,” J. Opt. 12(1), 015005 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Yu, S. Zhang, Y. Zhang, H. P. Ho, P. Shum, H. Liu, and D. Liu, “An efficient approach for investigating surface plasmon resonance in asymmetric optical fibers based on birefringence analysis,” Opt. Express 18(17), 17950–17957 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yuan, Y.

Y. Yuan, L. Ding, and Z. Guo, “Numerical investigation for SPR-based optical fiber sensor,” Sens. Actuators B Chem. 157(1), 240–245 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, F.

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, S.

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, L. Xia, C. Zhou, X. Yu, H. Liu, D. Liu, and Y. Zhang, “Microstructured fiber based plasmonic index sensor with optimized accuracy and calibration relation in large dynamic range,” Opt. Commun. 284(18), 4161–4166 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zhang, L. Xia, C. Zhou, X. Yu, H. Liu, D. Liu, and Y. Zhang, “Microstructured fiber based plasmonic index sensor with optimized accuracy and calibration relation in large dynamic range,” Opt. Commun. 284(18), 4161–4166 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Yu, Y. Zhang, S. Pan, P. Shum, M. Yan, Y. Leviatan, and C. Li, “A selectively coated photonic crystal fiber based surface plasmon resonance sensor,” J. Opt. 12(1), 015005 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Yu, S. Zhang, Y. Zhang, H. P. Ho, P. Shum, H. Liu, and D. Liu, “An efficient approach for investigating surface plasmon resonance in asymmetric optical fibers based on birefringence analysis,” Opt. Express 18(17), 17950–17957 (2010).
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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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Y. Zhang, L. Xia, C. Zhou, X. Yu, H. Liu, D. Liu, and Y. Zhang, “Microstructured fiber based plasmonic index sensor with optimized accuracy and calibration relation in large dynamic range,” Opt. Commun. 284(18), 4161–4166 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Biosens. Bioelectron. (1)

X. D. Hoa, A. G. Kirk, and M. Tabrizian, “Towards integrated and sensitive surface plasmon resonance biosensors: a review of recent progress,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 23(2), 151–160 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Z. Zhang, P. Zhao, F. Sun, G. Xiao, and Y. Wu, “Self-referencing in optical-fiber surface plasmon resonance sensors,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19(24), 1958–1960 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Sens. J. (1)

A. K. Sharma, R. Jha, and B. D. Gupta, “Fiber-optic sensor based on surface plasmon resonance: A comprehensive review,” IEEE Sens. J. 7(8), 1118–1129 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. (1)

X. Yu, Y. Zhang, S. Pan, P. Shum, M. Yan, Y. Leviatan, and C. Li, “A selectively coated photonic crystal fiber based surface plasmon resonance sensor,” J. Opt. 12(1), 015005 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Sens. (1)

M. Skorobogatiy, “Microstructured and photonic bandgap fibers for applications in the resonant bio- and chemical sensors,” J. Sens. 2009, 524237 (2009).

Methods (1)

J. Homola, H. Vaisocherová, J. Dostálek, and M. Piliarik, “Multi-analyte surface plasmon resonance biosensing,” Methods 37(1), 26–36 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

Y. Zhang, L. Xia, C. Zhou, X. Yu, H. Liu, D. Liu, and Y. Zhang, “Microstructured fiber based plasmonic index sensor with optimized accuracy and calibration relation in large dynamic range,” Opt. Commun. 284(18), 4161–4166 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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Opt. Lett. (4)

Science (1)

P. J. A. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
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[CrossRef]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) WW fiber based SPR sensor with three uniformly coated air holes. (b) Modified WW fiber with a high index overlayer deposited on top of gold film in Channel 1. (c) Structural parameters of the proposed sensor.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Dispersion relations and (b) loss properties for the pair of core guided modes in the visible range. na1 = 1.33 and na2 = 1.36. Point A (with close-up in inset 1) and B are zero-birefringence points. Insets 2 to 5 show electric field distributions of the core modes at each resonance. Arrows dictate the polarization direction.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Tx-dependent power transmission spectrum. na1 = 1.33 and na2 = 1.36. L = 1mm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Dual analyte operation of the metalized fiber (a) without and (b) with a high RI overlayer. na1 = 1.33. na2 changes from 1.36 to 1.33. noverlayer = 1.42, toverlayer = 70nm and L = 1mm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Dependence of the transmission responses on the (a) RI and (b) thickness of the overlayer. na1 = 1.33 and na2 = 1.36. L = 1mm. In figure (a), toverlayer = 70nm and noverlayer varies from 1.42 to 1.45. In figure (b), noverlayer = 1.44 and toverlayer varies from 60nm to 80nm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Calibration relations for dual analyte sensing over a RI range of 1.33 to 1.36. (b) Responses for the self referencing operation. noverlayer = 1.44, toverlayer = 80nm and L = 1mm. na1 changes from 1.33 to 1.335 whilst na2 changes from 1.34 to 1.35

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Modal loss properties for different values of cladding thickness. toverlayer = 80nm, noverlayer = 1.44, na1 = 1.33 and na2 = 1.34. The data for tcladding = 1.5μm are magnified by a factor of 10 for clarity. (c) Transmission spectrum at various sensor lengths. tcladding = 1.5μm, toverlayer = 80nm and noverlayer = 1.44. na1 = 1.33 and na2 = 1.34.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) Dependence of channel sensitivity on the RI of the sensing layer. Red curve: tsen2 = 60nm, tsen1 = 60nm and nsen1 = 1.38. Black curve: tsen1 = 60nm, tsen2 = 60nm and nsen2 = 1.36; (b) Variation of channel sensitivity with thickness of the sensing layer. Red curve: nsen2 = 1.36, tsen1 = 60nm, nsen1 = 1.38. Black curve: nsen2 = 1.36, tsen2 = 60nm, nsen1 = 1.38.

Tables (1)

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Tab. 1 Characteristics of compact dual-analyte SPR sensors

Equations (3)

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P out = P in [ T x exp( α x L )+( 1 T x )exp( α y L ) ]
α= 4π λ 0 Im( n eff )
S( λ )=| Δ λ sep Δ n a |

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