Abstract

We report transient radiation-induced effects on solid core microstructured optical fibers (MOFs). The kinetics and levels of radiation-induced attenuation (RIA) in the visible and near-infrared part of the spectrum (600 nm-2000 nm) were characterized. It is found that the two tested MOFs, fabricated by the stack-and-draw technique, present a good radiation tolerance. Both have similar geometry but one has been made with pure-silica tubes and the other one with Fluorine-doped silica tubes. We compared their pulsed X-ray radiation sensitivities to those of different classes of conventional optical fibers with pure-silica-cores or cores doped with Phosphorus or Germanium. The pulsed radiation sensitivity of MOFs seems to be mainly governed by the glass composition whereas their particular structure does not contribute significantly. Similarly for doped silica fibers, the measured spectral dependence of RIA for the MOFs cannot be correctly reproduced with the various absorption bands associated with the Si-related defects identified in the literature. However, our analysis confirms the preponderant role of self-trapped holes with their visible and infrared absorption bands in the transient behaviors of pure-silica of F-doped fibers. The results of this study showed that pure-silica or fluorine-doped MOFs, which offers specific advantages compared to conventional fibers, are promising for use in harsh environments due to their radiation tolerance.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. S. Girard, J. Keurinck, Y. Ouerdane, J.-P. Meunier, and A. Boukenter, “Gamma-rays and pulsed X-ray radiation responses of germanosilicate single-mode optical fibers: influence of cladding codopants,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(8), 1915–1922 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. E. J. Friebele, P. C. Schultz, and M. E. Gingerich, “Compositional effects on the radiation response of Ge-doped silica-core optical fiber waveguides,” Appl. Opt. 19(17), 2910–2916 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. Girard, Y. Ouerdane, A. Boukenter, and J.-P. Meunier, “Transient radiation responses of silica-based optical fibers: influence of modified chemical vapor deposition process parameters,” J. Appl. Phys. 99(2), 023104 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. L. Griscom, “Radiation hardening of pure-silica-core optical fibers by ultra-high-dose γ-ray pre-irradiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 77(10), 5008–5013 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  5. E. J. Friebele and M. E. Gingerich, “Photobleaching effects in optical fiber waveguides,” Appl. Opt. 20(19), 3448–3452 (1981).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. H. Henschel, O. Kohn, and H. U. Schmidt, “Radiation hardening of optical fibre links by photobleaching with light of shorter wavelength,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 43(3), 1050–1056 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. T. Ramsey, W. Tighe, J. Bartolick, and P. D. Morgan, “Radiation effects on heated optical fibers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(1), 632–635 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic-crystal fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(12), 4729–4749 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Girard, J. Baggio, and J.-L. Leray, “Radiation-induced effects in a new class of optical waveguides: the air-guiding photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 52(6), 2683–2688 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. G. Cheymol, H. Long, J. F. Villard, and B. Brichard, “High level gamma and neutron irradiation of silica optical fibers in CEA OSIRIS nuclear reactor,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 55(4), 2252–2258 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Henschel, J. Kuhnhenn, and U. Weinand, “High radiation hardness of a hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” in 8th European Conference on Radiation and Its Effects on Components and Systems, RADECS 2005, paper LN4 (2005).
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    [CrossRef]
  13. A. F. Kosolapov, I. V. Nikolin, A. L. Tomashuk, S. L. Semjonov, and M. O. Zabezhailov, “Optical losses in as-prepared and gamma-irradiated microstructured silica-core optical fibers,” Inorg. Mater. 40(11), 1229–1232 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. Girard, J. Baggio, J.-L. Leray, J.-P. Meunier, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Vulnerability analysis of optical fibers for Laser Megajoule facility: preliminary studies,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 52(5), 1497–1503 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  15. C. Lion, “The LMJ program: an overview,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 244(1), 012003 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. Johan, B. Azaïs, C. Malaval, G. Raboisson, and M. Roche, “ASTERIX, un nouveau moyen pour la simulation des effets de débit de dose sur l’électronique,” Ann. Phys. 14, 379–393 (1989).
  17. D. L. Griscom, E. J. Friebele, K. J. Long, and J. W. Fleming, “Fundamental defect centers in glass: electron spin resonance and optical absorption studies of irradiated phosphorus-doped silica glass and optical fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 54(7), 3743–3762 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
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  19. D. L. Griscom, “Self-trapped holes in pure-silica glass: a history of their discovery and characterization and an example of their critical significance to industry,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(23-25), 2601–2617 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  20. S. Girard, D. L. Griscom, J. Baggio, B. Brichard, and F. Berghmans, “Transient optical absorption in pulsed-X-ray-irradiated pure-silica-core optical fibers: influence of self-trapped holes,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(23-25), 2637–2642 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  21. P. V. Chernov, E. M. Dianov, V. N. Karpechev, L. S. Kornienko, I. O. Morozova, A. O. Rybaltovskii, V. O. Sokolov, and V. B. Sulimov, “Spectroscopic manifestations of self-trapped holes in silica. Theory and experiment,” Phys. Status Solidi B 115, 663–675 (1989).
  22. E. Régnier, I. Flammer, S. Girard, F. Gooijer, F. Achten, and G. Kuyt, “Low-dose radiation-induced attenuation at InfraRed wavelengths for P-doped, Ge-doped and pure silica-core optical fibres,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(4), 1115–1119 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  23. Y. Sasajima and K. Tanimura, “Optical transitions of self-trapped holes in amorphous SiO2,” Phys. Rev. B 68(1), 014204 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  24. M. Yamaguchi, K. Saito, and A. J. Ikushima, “Fictive-temperature-dependence of photoinduced self-trapped holes in a-SiO2,” Phys. Rev. B 68(15), 153204 (2003).
    [CrossRef]

2010

C. Lion, “The LMJ program: an overview,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 244(1), 012003 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008

G. Cheymol, H. Long, J. F. Villard, and B. Brichard, “High level gamma and neutron irradiation of silica optical fibers in CEA OSIRIS nuclear reactor,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 55(4), 2252–2258 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

E. Régnier, I. Flammer, S. Girard, F. Gooijer, F. Achten, and G. Kuyt, “Low-dose radiation-induced attenuation at InfraRed wavelengths for P-doped, Ge-doped and pure silica-core optical fibres,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(4), 1115–1119 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

S. Girard, Y. Ouerdane, A. Boukenter, and J.-P. Meunier, “Transient radiation responses of silica-based optical fibers: influence of modified chemical vapor deposition process parameters,” J. Appl. Phys. 99(2), 023104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Griscom, “Self-trapped holes in pure-silica glass: a history of their discovery and characterization and an example of their critical significance to industry,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(23-25), 2601–2617 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Girard, D. L. Griscom, J. Baggio, B. Brichard, and F. Berghmans, “Transient optical absorption in pulsed-X-ray-irradiated pure-silica-core optical fibers: influence of self-trapped holes,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(23-25), 2637–2642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic-crystal fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 24(12), 4729–4749 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

S. Girard, J. Baggio, and J.-L. Leray, “Radiation-induced effects in a new class of optical waveguides: the air-guiding photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 52(6), 2683–2688 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Girard, J. Baggio, J.-L. Leray, J.-P. Meunier, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Vulnerability analysis of optical fibers for Laser Megajoule facility: preliminary studies,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 52(5), 1497–1503 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

A. F. Kosolapov, I. V. Nikolin, A. L. Tomashuk, S. L. Semjonov, and M. O. Zabezhailov, “Optical losses in as-prepared and gamma-irradiated microstructured silica-core optical fibers,” Inorg. Mater. 40(11), 1229–1232 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Girard, J. Keurinck, Y. Ouerdane, J.-P. Meunier, and A. Boukenter, “Gamma-rays and pulsed X-ray radiation responses of germanosilicate single-mode optical fibers: influence of cladding codopants,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(8), 1915–1922 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

Y. Sasajima and K. Tanimura, “Optical transitions of self-trapped holes in amorphous SiO2,” Phys. Rev. B 68(1), 014204 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Yamaguchi, K. Saito, and A. J. Ikushima, “Fictive-temperature-dependence of photoinduced self-trapped holes in a-SiO2,” Phys. Rev. B 68(15), 153204 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

S. Girard, A. Yahya, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, J.-P. Meunier, R. E. Kristiansen, and G. Vienne, “Gamma-radiation-induced attenuation in photonic crystal fibre,” IEE Electron. Lett. 38(20), 1169–1171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1997

A. T. Ramsey, W. Tighe, J. Bartolick, and P. D. Morgan, “Radiation effects on heated optical fibers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(1), 632–635 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

H. Henschel, O. Kohn, and H. U. Schmidt, “Radiation hardening of optical fibre links by photobleaching with light of shorter wavelength,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 43(3), 1050–1056 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

D. L. Griscom, “Radiation hardening of pure-silica-core optical fibers by ultra-high-dose γ-ray pre-irradiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 77(10), 5008–5013 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1989

P. V. Chernov, E. M. Dianov, V. N. Karpechev, L. S. Kornienko, I. O. Morozova, A. O. Rybaltovskii, V. O. Sokolov, and V. B. Sulimov, “Spectroscopic manifestations of self-trapped holes in silica. Theory and experiment,” Phys. Status Solidi B 115, 663–675 (1989).

A. Johan, B. Azaïs, C. Malaval, G. Raboisson, and M. Roche, “ASTERIX, un nouveau moyen pour la simulation des effets de débit de dose sur l’électronique,” Ann. Phys. 14, 379–393 (1989).

1983

D. L. Griscom, E. J. Friebele, K. J. Long, and J. W. Fleming, “Fundamental defect centers in glass: electron spin resonance and optical absorption studies of irradiated phosphorus-doped silica glass and optical fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 54(7), 3743–3762 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1981

1980

Achten, F.

E. Régnier, I. Flammer, S. Girard, F. Gooijer, F. Achten, and G. Kuyt, “Low-dose radiation-induced attenuation at InfraRed wavelengths for P-doped, Ge-doped and pure silica-core optical fibres,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(4), 1115–1119 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Azaïs, B.

A. Johan, B. Azaïs, C. Malaval, G. Raboisson, and M. Roche, “ASTERIX, un nouveau moyen pour la simulation des effets de débit de dose sur l’électronique,” Ann. Phys. 14, 379–393 (1989).

Baggio, J.

S. Girard, D. L. Griscom, J. Baggio, B. Brichard, and F. Berghmans, “Transient optical absorption in pulsed-X-ray-irradiated pure-silica-core optical fibers: influence of self-trapped holes,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(23-25), 2637–2642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Girard, J. Baggio, and J.-L. Leray, “Radiation-induced effects in a new class of optical waveguides: the air-guiding photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 52(6), 2683–2688 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Girard, J. Baggio, J.-L. Leray, J.-P. Meunier, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Vulnerability analysis of optical fibers for Laser Megajoule facility: preliminary studies,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 52(5), 1497–1503 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bartolick, J.

A. T. Ramsey, W. Tighe, J. Bartolick, and P. D. Morgan, “Radiation effects on heated optical fibers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(1), 632–635 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Berghmans, F.

S. Girard, D. L. Griscom, J. Baggio, B. Brichard, and F. Berghmans, “Transient optical absorption in pulsed-X-ray-irradiated pure-silica-core optical fibers: influence of self-trapped holes,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(23-25), 2637–2642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Boukenter, A.

S. Girard, Y. Ouerdane, A. Boukenter, and J.-P. Meunier, “Transient radiation responses of silica-based optical fibers: influence of modified chemical vapor deposition process parameters,” J. Appl. Phys. 99(2), 023104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Girard, J. Baggio, J.-L. Leray, J.-P. Meunier, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Vulnerability analysis of optical fibers for Laser Megajoule facility: preliminary studies,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 52(5), 1497–1503 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Girard, J. Keurinck, Y. Ouerdane, J.-P. Meunier, and A. Boukenter, “Gamma-rays and pulsed X-ray radiation responses of germanosilicate single-mode optical fibers: influence of cladding codopants,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(8), 1915–1922 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Girard, A. Yahya, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, J.-P. Meunier, R. E. Kristiansen, and G. Vienne, “Gamma-radiation-induced attenuation in photonic crystal fibre,” IEE Electron. Lett. 38(20), 1169–1171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Brichard, B.

G. Cheymol, H. Long, J. F. Villard, and B. Brichard, “High level gamma and neutron irradiation of silica optical fibers in CEA OSIRIS nuclear reactor,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 55(4), 2252–2258 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Girard, D. L. Griscom, J. Baggio, B. Brichard, and F. Berghmans, “Transient optical absorption in pulsed-X-ray-irradiated pure-silica-core optical fibers: influence of self-trapped holes,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(23-25), 2637–2642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chernov, P. V.

P. V. Chernov, E. M. Dianov, V. N. Karpechev, L. S. Kornienko, I. O. Morozova, A. O. Rybaltovskii, V. O. Sokolov, and V. B. Sulimov, “Spectroscopic manifestations of self-trapped holes in silica. Theory and experiment,” Phys. Status Solidi B 115, 663–675 (1989).

Cheymol, G.

G. Cheymol, H. Long, J. F. Villard, and B. Brichard, “High level gamma and neutron irradiation of silica optical fibers in CEA OSIRIS nuclear reactor,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 55(4), 2252–2258 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

P. V. Chernov, E. M. Dianov, V. N. Karpechev, L. S. Kornienko, I. O. Morozova, A. O. Rybaltovskii, V. O. Sokolov, and V. B. Sulimov, “Spectroscopic manifestations of self-trapped holes in silica. Theory and experiment,” Phys. Status Solidi B 115, 663–675 (1989).

Flammer, I.

E. Régnier, I. Flammer, S. Girard, F. Gooijer, F. Achten, and G. Kuyt, “Low-dose radiation-induced attenuation at InfraRed wavelengths for P-doped, Ge-doped and pure silica-core optical fibres,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(4), 1115–1119 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fleming, J. W.

D. L. Griscom, E. J. Friebele, K. J. Long, and J. W. Fleming, “Fundamental defect centers in glass: electron spin resonance and optical absorption studies of irradiated phosphorus-doped silica glass and optical fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 54(7), 3743–3762 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Friebele, E. J.

D. L. Griscom, E. J. Friebele, K. J. Long, and J. W. Fleming, “Fundamental defect centers in glass: electron spin resonance and optical absorption studies of irradiated phosphorus-doped silica glass and optical fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 54(7), 3743–3762 (1983).
[CrossRef]

E. J. Friebele and M. E. Gingerich, “Photobleaching effects in optical fiber waveguides,” Appl. Opt. 20(19), 3448–3452 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. J. Friebele, P. C. Schultz, and M. E. Gingerich, “Compositional effects on the radiation response of Ge-doped silica-core optical fiber waveguides,” Appl. Opt. 19(17), 2910–2916 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gingerich, M. E.

Girard, S.

E. Régnier, I. Flammer, S. Girard, F. Gooijer, F. Achten, and G. Kuyt, “Low-dose radiation-induced attenuation at InfraRed wavelengths for P-doped, Ge-doped and pure silica-core optical fibres,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(4), 1115–1119 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Girard, D. L. Griscom, J. Baggio, B. Brichard, and F. Berghmans, “Transient optical absorption in pulsed-X-ray-irradiated pure-silica-core optical fibers: influence of self-trapped holes,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(23-25), 2637–2642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Girard, Y. Ouerdane, A. Boukenter, and J.-P. Meunier, “Transient radiation responses of silica-based optical fibers: influence of modified chemical vapor deposition process parameters,” J. Appl. Phys. 99(2), 023104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Girard, J. Baggio, J.-L. Leray, J.-P. Meunier, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Vulnerability analysis of optical fibers for Laser Megajoule facility: preliminary studies,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 52(5), 1497–1503 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Girard, J. Baggio, and J.-L. Leray, “Radiation-induced effects in a new class of optical waveguides: the air-guiding photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 52(6), 2683–2688 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Girard, J. Keurinck, Y. Ouerdane, J.-P. Meunier, and A. Boukenter, “Gamma-rays and pulsed X-ray radiation responses of germanosilicate single-mode optical fibers: influence of cladding codopants,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(8), 1915–1922 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Girard, A. Yahya, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, J.-P. Meunier, R. E. Kristiansen, and G. Vienne, “Gamma-radiation-induced attenuation in photonic crystal fibre,” IEE Electron. Lett. 38(20), 1169–1171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gooijer, F.

E. Régnier, I. Flammer, S. Girard, F. Gooijer, F. Achten, and G. Kuyt, “Low-dose radiation-induced attenuation at InfraRed wavelengths for P-doped, Ge-doped and pure silica-core optical fibres,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(4), 1115–1119 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Griscom, D. L.

S. Girard, D. L. Griscom, J. Baggio, B. Brichard, and F. Berghmans, “Transient optical absorption in pulsed-X-ray-irradiated pure-silica-core optical fibers: influence of self-trapped holes,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(23-25), 2637–2642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Griscom, “Self-trapped holes in pure-silica glass: a history of their discovery and characterization and an example of their critical significance to industry,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(23-25), 2601–2617 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Griscom, “Radiation hardening of pure-silica-core optical fibers by ultra-high-dose γ-ray pre-irradiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 77(10), 5008–5013 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Griscom, E. J. Friebele, K. J. Long, and J. W. Fleming, “Fundamental defect centers in glass: electron spin resonance and optical absorption studies of irradiated phosphorus-doped silica glass and optical fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 54(7), 3743–3762 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Henschel, H.

H. Henschel, O. Kohn, and H. U. Schmidt, “Radiation hardening of optical fibre links by photobleaching with light of shorter wavelength,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 43(3), 1050–1056 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ikushima, A. J.

M. Yamaguchi, K. Saito, and A. J. Ikushima, “Fictive-temperature-dependence of photoinduced self-trapped holes in a-SiO2,” Phys. Rev. B 68(15), 153204 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Johan, A.

A. Johan, B. Azaïs, C. Malaval, G. Raboisson, and M. Roche, “ASTERIX, un nouveau moyen pour la simulation des effets de débit de dose sur l’électronique,” Ann. Phys. 14, 379–393 (1989).

Karpechev, V. N.

P. V. Chernov, E. M. Dianov, V. N. Karpechev, L. S. Kornienko, I. O. Morozova, A. O. Rybaltovskii, V. O. Sokolov, and V. B. Sulimov, “Spectroscopic manifestations of self-trapped holes in silica. Theory and experiment,” Phys. Status Solidi B 115, 663–675 (1989).

Keurinck, J.

Kohn, O.

H. Henschel, O. Kohn, and H. U. Schmidt, “Radiation hardening of optical fibre links by photobleaching with light of shorter wavelength,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 43(3), 1050–1056 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kornienko, L. S.

P. V. Chernov, E. M. Dianov, V. N. Karpechev, L. S. Kornienko, I. O. Morozova, A. O. Rybaltovskii, V. O. Sokolov, and V. B. Sulimov, “Spectroscopic manifestations of self-trapped holes in silica. Theory and experiment,” Phys. Status Solidi B 115, 663–675 (1989).

Kosolapov, A. F.

A. F. Kosolapov, I. V. Nikolin, A. L. Tomashuk, S. L. Semjonov, and M. O. Zabezhailov, “Optical losses in as-prepared and gamma-irradiated microstructured silica-core optical fibers,” Inorg. Mater. 40(11), 1229–1232 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kristiansen, R. E.

S. Girard, A. Yahya, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, J.-P. Meunier, R. E. Kristiansen, and G. Vienne, “Gamma-radiation-induced attenuation in photonic crystal fibre,” IEE Electron. Lett. 38(20), 1169–1171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kuyt, G.

E. Régnier, I. Flammer, S. Girard, F. Gooijer, F. Achten, and G. Kuyt, “Low-dose radiation-induced attenuation at InfraRed wavelengths for P-doped, Ge-doped and pure silica-core optical fibres,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(4), 1115–1119 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Leray, J.-L.

S. Girard, J. Baggio, and J.-L. Leray, “Radiation-induced effects in a new class of optical waveguides: the air-guiding photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 52(6), 2683–2688 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Girard, J. Baggio, J.-L. Leray, J.-P. Meunier, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Vulnerability analysis of optical fibers for Laser Megajoule facility: preliminary studies,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 52(5), 1497–1503 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lion, C.

C. Lion, “The LMJ program: an overview,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 244(1), 012003 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Long, H.

G. Cheymol, H. Long, J. F. Villard, and B. Brichard, “High level gamma and neutron irradiation of silica optical fibers in CEA OSIRIS nuclear reactor,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 55(4), 2252–2258 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Long, K. J.

D. L. Griscom, E. J. Friebele, K. J. Long, and J. W. Fleming, “Fundamental defect centers in glass: electron spin resonance and optical absorption studies of irradiated phosphorus-doped silica glass and optical fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 54(7), 3743–3762 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Malaval, C.

A. Johan, B. Azaïs, C. Malaval, G. Raboisson, and M. Roche, “ASTERIX, un nouveau moyen pour la simulation des effets de débit de dose sur l’électronique,” Ann. Phys. 14, 379–393 (1989).

Meunier, J.-P.

S. Girard, Y. Ouerdane, A. Boukenter, and J.-P. Meunier, “Transient radiation responses of silica-based optical fibers: influence of modified chemical vapor deposition process parameters,” J. Appl. Phys. 99(2), 023104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Girard, J. Baggio, J.-L. Leray, J.-P. Meunier, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Vulnerability analysis of optical fibers for Laser Megajoule facility: preliminary studies,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 52(5), 1497–1503 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Girard, J. Keurinck, Y. Ouerdane, J.-P. Meunier, and A. Boukenter, “Gamma-rays and pulsed X-ray radiation responses of germanosilicate single-mode optical fibers: influence of cladding codopants,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(8), 1915–1922 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Girard, A. Yahya, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, J.-P. Meunier, R. E. Kristiansen, and G. Vienne, “Gamma-radiation-induced attenuation in photonic crystal fibre,” IEE Electron. Lett. 38(20), 1169–1171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Morgan, P. D.

A. T. Ramsey, W. Tighe, J. Bartolick, and P. D. Morgan, “Radiation effects on heated optical fibers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(1), 632–635 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Morozova, I. O.

P. V. Chernov, E. M. Dianov, V. N. Karpechev, L. S. Kornienko, I. O. Morozova, A. O. Rybaltovskii, V. O. Sokolov, and V. B. Sulimov, “Spectroscopic manifestations of self-trapped holes in silica. Theory and experiment,” Phys. Status Solidi B 115, 663–675 (1989).

Nikolin, I. V.

A. F. Kosolapov, I. V. Nikolin, A. L. Tomashuk, S. L. Semjonov, and M. O. Zabezhailov, “Optical losses in as-prepared and gamma-irradiated microstructured silica-core optical fibers,” Inorg. Mater. 40(11), 1229–1232 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ouerdane, Y.

S. Girard, Y. Ouerdane, A. Boukenter, and J.-P. Meunier, “Transient radiation responses of silica-based optical fibers: influence of modified chemical vapor deposition process parameters,” J. Appl. Phys. 99(2), 023104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Girard, J. Baggio, J.-L. Leray, J.-P. Meunier, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Vulnerability analysis of optical fibers for Laser Megajoule facility: preliminary studies,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 52(5), 1497–1503 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Girard, J. Keurinck, Y. Ouerdane, J.-P. Meunier, and A. Boukenter, “Gamma-rays and pulsed X-ray radiation responses of germanosilicate single-mode optical fibers: influence of cladding codopants,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(8), 1915–1922 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Girard, A. Yahya, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, J.-P. Meunier, R. E. Kristiansen, and G. Vienne, “Gamma-radiation-induced attenuation in photonic crystal fibre,” IEE Electron. Lett. 38(20), 1169–1171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Raboisson, G.

A. Johan, B. Azaïs, C. Malaval, G. Raboisson, and M. Roche, “ASTERIX, un nouveau moyen pour la simulation des effets de débit de dose sur l’électronique,” Ann. Phys. 14, 379–393 (1989).

Ramsey, A. T.

A. T. Ramsey, W. Tighe, J. Bartolick, and P. D. Morgan, “Radiation effects on heated optical fibers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(1), 632–635 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Régnier, E.

E. Régnier, I. Flammer, S. Girard, F. Gooijer, F. Achten, and G. Kuyt, “Low-dose radiation-induced attenuation at InfraRed wavelengths for P-doped, Ge-doped and pure silica-core optical fibres,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(4), 1115–1119 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Roche, M.

A. Johan, B. Azaïs, C. Malaval, G. Raboisson, and M. Roche, “ASTERIX, un nouveau moyen pour la simulation des effets de débit de dose sur l’électronique,” Ann. Phys. 14, 379–393 (1989).

Russell, P. St. J.

Rybaltovskii, A. O.

P. V. Chernov, E. M. Dianov, V. N. Karpechev, L. S. Kornienko, I. O. Morozova, A. O. Rybaltovskii, V. O. Sokolov, and V. B. Sulimov, “Spectroscopic manifestations of self-trapped holes in silica. Theory and experiment,” Phys. Status Solidi B 115, 663–675 (1989).

Saito, K.

M. Yamaguchi, K. Saito, and A. J. Ikushima, “Fictive-temperature-dependence of photoinduced self-trapped holes in a-SiO2,” Phys. Rev. B 68(15), 153204 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sasajima, Y.

Y. Sasajima and K. Tanimura, “Optical transitions of self-trapped holes in amorphous SiO2,” Phys. Rev. B 68(1), 014204 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, H. U.

H. Henschel, O. Kohn, and H. U. Schmidt, “Radiation hardening of optical fibre links by photobleaching with light of shorter wavelength,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 43(3), 1050–1056 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Schultz, P. C.

Semjonov, S. L.

A. F. Kosolapov, I. V. Nikolin, A. L. Tomashuk, S. L. Semjonov, and M. O. Zabezhailov, “Optical losses in as-prepared and gamma-irradiated microstructured silica-core optical fibers,” Inorg. Mater. 40(11), 1229–1232 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sokolov, V. O.

P. V. Chernov, E. M. Dianov, V. N. Karpechev, L. S. Kornienko, I. O. Morozova, A. O. Rybaltovskii, V. O. Sokolov, and V. B. Sulimov, “Spectroscopic manifestations of self-trapped holes in silica. Theory and experiment,” Phys. Status Solidi B 115, 663–675 (1989).

Sulimov, V. B.

P. V. Chernov, E. M. Dianov, V. N. Karpechev, L. S. Kornienko, I. O. Morozova, A. O. Rybaltovskii, V. O. Sokolov, and V. B. Sulimov, “Spectroscopic manifestations of self-trapped holes in silica. Theory and experiment,” Phys. Status Solidi B 115, 663–675 (1989).

Tanimura, K.

Y. Sasajima and K. Tanimura, “Optical transitions of self-trapped holes in amorphous SiO2,” Phys. Rev. B 68(1), 014204 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tighe, W.

A. T. Ramsey, W. Tighe, J. Bartolick, and P. D. Morgan, “Radiation effects on heated optical fibers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(1), 632–635 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tomashuk, A. L.

A. F. Kosolapov, I. V. Nikolin, A. L. Tomashuk, S. L. Semjonov, and M. O. Zabezhailov, “Optical losses in as-prepared and gamma-irradiated microstructured silica-core optical fibers,” Inorg. Mater. 40(11), 1229–1232 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vienne, G.

S. Girard, A. Yahya, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, J.-P. Meunier, R. E. Kristiansen, and G. Vienne, “Gamma-radiation-induced attenuation in photonic crystal fibre,” IEE Electron. Lett. 38(20), 1169–1171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Villard, J. F.

G. Cheymol, H. Long, J. F. Villard, and B. Brichard, “High level gamma and neutron irradiation of silica optical fibers in CEA OSIRIS nuclear reactor,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 55(4), 2252–2258 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yahya, A.

S. Girard, A. Yahya, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, J.-P. Meunier, R. E. Kristiansen, and G. Vienne, “Gamma-radiation-induced attenuation in photonic crystal fibre,” IEE Electron. Lett. 38(20), 1169–1171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yamaguchi, M.

M. Yamaguchi, K. Saito, and A. J. Ikushima, “Fictive-temperature-dependence of photoinduced self-trapped holes in a-SiO2,” Phys. Rev. B 68(15), 153204 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zabezhailov, M. O.

A. F. Kosolapov, I. V. Nikolin, A. L. Tomashuk, S. L. Semjonov, and M. O. Zabezhailov, “Optical losses in as-prepared and gamma-irradiated microstructured silica-core optical fibers,” Inorg. Mater. 40(11), 1229–1232 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ann. Phys.

A. Johan, B. Azaïs, C. Malaval, G. Raboisson, and M. Roche, “ASTERIX, un nouveau moyen pour la simulation des effets de débit de dose sur l’électronique,” Ann. Phys. 14, 379–393 (1989).

Appl. Opt.

IEE Electron. Lett.

S. Girard, A. Yahya, A. Boukenter, Y. Ouerdane, J.-P. Meunier, R. E. Kristiansen, and G. Vienne, “Gamma-radiation-induced attenuation in photonic crystal fibre,” IEE Electron. Lett. 38(20), 1169–1171 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci.

S. Girard, J. Baggio, and J.-L. Leray, “Radiation-induced effects in a new class of optical waveguides: the air-guiding photonic crystal fibers,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 52(6), 2683–2688 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Cheymol, H. Long, J. F. Villard, and B. Brichard, “High level gamma and neutron irradiation of silica optical fibers in CEA OSIRIS nuclear reactor,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 55(4), 2252–2258 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Girard, J. Baggio, J.-L. Leray, J.-P. Meunier, A. Boukenter, and Y. Ouerdane, “Vulnerability analysis of optical fibers for Laser Megajoule facility: preliminary studies,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 52(5), 1497–1503 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. Régnier, I. Flammer, S. Girard, F. Gooijer, F. Achten, and G. Kuyt, “Low-dose radiation-induced attenuation at InfraRed wavelengths for P-doped, Ge-doped and pure silica-core optical fibres,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 54(4), 1115–1119 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Henschel, O. Kohn, and H. U. Schmidt, “Radiation hardening of optical fibre links by photobleaching with light of shorter wavelength,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 43(3), 1050–1056 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Inorg. Mater.

A. F. Kosolapov, I. V. Nikolin, A. L. Tomashuk, S. L. Semjonov, and M. O. Zabezhailov, “Optical losses in as-prepared and gamma-irradiated microstructured silica-core optical fibers,” Inorg. Mater. 40(11), 1229–1232 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

D. L. Griscom, E. J. Friebele, K. J. Long, and J. W. Fleming, “Fundamental defect centers in glass: electron spin resonance and optical absorption studies of irradiated phosphorus-doped silica glass and optical fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 54(7), 3743–3762 (1983).
[CrossRef]

S. Girard, Y. Ouerdane, A. Boukenter, and J.-P. Meunier, “Transient radiation responses of silica-based optical fibers: influence of modified chemical vapor deposition process parameters,” J. Appl. Phys. 99(2), 023104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Griscom, “Radiation hardening of pure-silica-core optical fibers by ultra-high-dose γ-ray pre-irradiation,” J. Appl. Phys. 77(10), 5008–5013 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Non-Cryst. Solids

D. L. Griscom, “Self-trapped holes in pure-silica glass: a history of their discovery and characterization and an example of their critical significance to industry,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(23-25), 2601–2617 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Girard, D. L. Griscom, J. Baggio, B. Brichard, and F. Berghmans, “Transient optical absorption in pulsed-X-ray-irradiated pure-silica-core optical fibers: influence of self-trapped holes,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(23-25), 2637–2642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys.: Conf. Ser.

C. Lion, “The LMJ program: an overview,” J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 244(1), 012003 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

Y. Sasajima and K. Tanimura, “Optical transitions of self-trapped holes in amorphous SiO2,” Phys. Rev. B 68(1), 014204 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Yamaguchi, K. Saito, and A. J. Ikushima, “Fictive-temperature-dependence of photoinduced self-trapped holes in a-SiO2,” Phys. Rev. B 68(15), 153204 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi B

P. V. Chernov, E. M. Dianov, V. N. Karpechev, L. S. Kornienko, I. O. Morozova, A. O. Rybaltovskii, V. O. Sokolov, and V. B. Sulimov, “Spectroscopic manifestations of self-trapped holes in silica. Theory and experiment,” Phys. Status Solidi B 115, 663–675 (1989).

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

A. T. Ramsey, W. Tighe, J. Bartolick, and P. D. Morgan, “Radiation effects on heated optical fibers,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68(1), 632–635 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other

J. Bisutti, “Etude de la transmission du signal sous irradiation transitoire dans les fibres optiques,” Thèse de Doctorat (Université de Saint-Etienne, 2010).

H. Henschel, J. Kuhnhenn, and U. Weinand, “High radiation hardness of a hollow core photonic bandgap fiber,” in 8th European Conference on Radiation and Its Effects on Components and Systems, RADECS 2005, paper LN4 (2005).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Structure and spectral attenuation before irradiation of microstructured optical fibers studied in this work (results illustrated for MOF1).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Typical spectral and time dependencies of RIAs observed in (a) MOF1 sample and (b) MOF2 sample after pulsed X-rays irradiation at a dose levels < 150 Gy.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Comparison of the normalized spectra of induced attenuation 100 ms after pulsed X-rays (dose rate > 1 MGy/s) in five different types of optical fibers.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Decomposition of the Radiation-Induced Attenuation (RIA) spectra measured one second after a pulsed irradiation in MOF2 with the Si-related defects from literature. The best fit (blue line) only uses the OA bands around 0.7 eV (1800 nm), 1.88 eV (660 nm) and 2.6 eV (475 nm). Other OA bands are indicated as a guide for analysis.

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