Abstract

We present a fast and high accuracy iterative algorithm to control Micro-Electro-Mechanical-System (MEMS) deformable mirrors (DMs) for open-loop (OL) adaptive optics (AO) applications. Our approach relies on a simple physical model for the forces applied on DM actuators and membrane, defined by a small number of parameters that we measure in an experimental setup. The algorithm iteratively applies forces and updates actuator displacements, allowing real-time utilization in an Extreme-AO system (control rate ⩾ Khz). Our measurements show that it reproduces Kolmogorov type phase screens with an error equal to 7.3% of the rms of the desired phase (1.6% of the peak-to-valley of the desired phase). This performance corresponds to an improvement of a factor three compared to the standard quadratic model (common relation between voltage and actuator displacement). Originally developed for the DM control of the Subaru Coronagraphic Extreme-AO (SCExAO) project, the algorithm is also suitable for Multi-Object AO systems.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2010

2008

D. Andersen, M. Fisher, R. Conan, M. Fletcher, and J.-P. Véran, “VOLT: the Victoria Open Loop Testbed,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 7015OH (2008).

2007

J. B. Stewart, A. Diouf, Y. Zhou, and T. Bifano, “Open-Loop control of MEMS deformable mirror for large-amplitude wavefront control,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 24(12), 3827–3833 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

2005

O. Guyon, E. A. Pluzhnik, R. Galicher, F. Martinache, S. T. Ridgway, and R. A. Woodruff, “Exoplanet Iimaging with a phase-induced amplitude apodization aoronagraph. I. principle,” Astrophys. J. 622, 744–758 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003

O. Guyon, “Phase-induced amplitude apodization of telescope pupils for extrasolar terrestrial planet imaging,” Astron. Astrophys. 404, 379–387 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

J. A. Perreault, T. Bifano, B. M. Levine, and M. Harenstein, “Adaptive optic correction using microelectromechnical deformable mirrors,” Opt. Eng. 41(3), 561–566 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999

C. Hom, P. Dean, and S. Winzer, “Simulating electrostrictive DM: I. non-linear static analysis,” Smart Mater. Struct. 18, 691–699 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Abe, L.

K.-W. Hodapp, M. Tamura, R. Suzuki, S. Jacobson, V. Stahlberger, H. Yamada, H. Takami, O. Guyon, J. Hashimoto, and L. Abe, “HiCIAO - Subaru’s new high-contrast coronographic imager for adaptive optics,” AAS Meeting 21038, 185.

Akiyama, M.

R. Conan, C. Bradley, O. Lardière, C. Blain, K. Venn, D. Andersen, L. Simard, J.-P. Véran, G. Herriot, D. Loop, T. Usuda, S. Oya, Y. Hayano, H. Terada, and M. Akiyama, “Raven: a harbinger of multi-object adaptive optics-based instruments at the Subaru telescope,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems II7736, 77360T (2010).

Ammons, M.

E. Laag, D. Gavel, and M. Ammons, “Open-loop woofer-tweeter control on the LAO multi-conjugate adaptive optics testbed,” in Adaptive Optics for industry and medecine, C. Dainty (Imperial College Press) 143–148 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ammons, S. M.

K. Morzinski, K. B. Harpsoe, D. Gavel, and S. M. Ammons, “The open-loop control of MEMS: modeling and experimental results,” Proc. SPIE MEMS Adaptive Optics6467, 64670G (2007).

Andersen, D.

D. Andersen, M. Fisher, R. Conan, M. Fletcher, and J.-P. Véran, “VOLT: the Victoria Open Loop Testbed,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 7015OH (2008).

S. Eikenberry, D. Andersen, R. Guzman, J. Bally, S. Cuevas, M. Fletcher, R. Gardhouse, D. Gavel, A. Gonzalez, N. Gruel, F. Hamann, S. Hamner, R. Julian, J. Julian, D. Koo, E. Lada, B. Leckie, J. A. Lopez, R. Pello, J. Perez, W. Rambold, C. Roman, A. Sarajedini, J. Tan, K. Venn, J.-P. Véran, and J. Ziegert, “IRMOS: the near-infrared multi-object spectrograph for the TMT,” Proc. SPIE Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy6269, 62695W (2006).

R. Conan, C. Bradley, O. Lardière, C. Blain, K. Venn, D. Andersen, L. Simard, J.-P. Véran, G. Herriot, D. Loop, T. Usuda, S. Oya, Y. Hayano, H. Terada, and M. Akiyama, “Raven: a harbinger of multi-object adaptive optics-based instruments at the Subaru telescope,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems II7736, 77360T (2010).

Baker, G. J.

G. J. Baker, “A fast high-fidelity model for the deformation of continuous facesheet deformable mirrors,” Proc. SPIE, Adaptive Optics Systems II6272, 627224 (2006).

Bally, J.

S. Eikenberry, D. Andersen, R. Guzman, J. Bally, S. Cuevas, M. Fletcher, R. Gardhouse, D. Gavel, A. Gonzalez, N. Gruel, F. Hamann, S. Hamner, R. Julian, J. Julian, D. Koo, E. Lada, B. Leckie, J. A. Lopez, R. Pello, J. Perez, W. Rambold, C. Roman, A. Sarajedini, J. Tan, K. Venn, J.-P. Véran, and J. Ziegert, “IRMOS: the near-infrared multi-object spectrograph for the TMT,” Proc. SPIE Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy6269, 62695W (2006).

Bauman, B.

B. Macintosh, J. R. Graham, D. W. Palmer, R. Doyon, J. Dunn, D. T. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, D. A. Erickson, C. Marois, L. A. Poyneer, and R. Soummer, “The Gemini Planet Imager: from science to design to construction,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems7015, 701518 (2008).

Belikov, R.

O. Guyon, E. A. Pluzhnik, F. Martinache, J. Totems, S. Tanaka, T. Matsuo, C. Blain, and R. Belikov, “High contrast imaging and wavefront control with a PIAA coronagraph: laboratory system validation,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 122, 71–84 (2010).
[CrossRef]

O. Guyon, F. Martinache, R. Belikov, and R. Soummer, “High performance PIAA coronagraphy with complex amplitude focal plane masks,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. 190(2), 220–232 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bierden, P.

T. Bifano, S. Cornelissen, and P. Bierden, “MEMS deformable mirrors in astronomical adaptive optics,” 1st AO4ELT conference, 06003 (2010).

Bifano, T.

J. B. Stewart, A. Diouf, Y. Zhou, and T. Bifano, “Open-Loop control of MEMS deformable mirror for large-amplitude wavefront control,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 24(12), 3827–3833 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Perreault, T. Bifano, B. M. Levine, and M. Harenstein, “Adaptive optic correction using microelectromechnical deformable mirrors,” Opt. Eng. 41(3), 561–566 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Vogel, G. Tyler, Y. Lu, T. Bifano, R. Conan, and C. Blain, “Modeling and parameter estimation for point-actuated continuous-facesheet deformable mirrors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A27(11), A56–A63 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Bifano, S. Cornelissen, and P. Bierden, “MEMS deformable mirrors in astronomical adaptive optics,” 1st AO4ELT conference, 06003 (2010).

Blain, C.

O. Guyon, E. A. Pluzhnik, F. Martinache, J. Totems, S. Tanaka, T. Matsuo, C. Blain, and R. Belikov, “High contrast imaging and wavefront control with a PIAA coronagraph: laboratory system validation,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 122, 71–84 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Blain, R. Conan, C. Bradley, and O. Guyon, “Open-loop control demonstration of micro-electro-mechanical system MEMS deformable mirror,” Opt. Express 18(6), 5433–5448 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. R. Vogel, G. Tyler, Y. Lu, T. Bifano, R. Conan, and C. Blain, “Modeling and parameter estimation for point-actuated continuous-facesheet deformable mirrors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A27(11), A56–A63 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Conan, C. Bradley, O. Lardière, C. Blain, K. Venn, D. Andersen, L. Simard, J.-P. Véran, G. Herriot, D. Loop, T. Usuda, S. Oya, Y. Hayano, H. Terada, and M. Akiyama, “Raven: a harbinger of multi-object adaptive optics-based instruments at the Subaru telescope,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems II7736, 77360T (2010).

C. Blain, O. Guyon, R. Conan, and C. Bradley, “Simple iterative method for open-loop control of MEMS deformable mirrors,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems7015, 701534 (2008).

Bradley, C.

C. Blain, R. Conan, C. Bradley, and O. Guyon, “Open-loop control demonstration of micro-electro-mechanical system MEMS deformable mirror,” Opt. Express 18(6), 5433–5448 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Blain, O. Guyon, R. Conan, and C. Bradley, “Simple iterative method for open-loop control of MEMS deformable mirrors,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems7015, 701534 (2008).

R. Conan, C. Bradley, O. Lardière, C. Blain, K. Venn, D. Andersen, L. Simard, J.-P. Véran, G. Herriot, D. Loop, T. Usuda, S. Oya, Y. Hayano, H. Terada, and M. Akiyama, “Raven: a harbinger of multi-object adaptive optics-based instruments at the Subaru telescope,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems II7736, 77360T (2010).

Conan, R.

C. Blain, R. Conan, C. Bradley, and O. Guyon, “Open-loop control demonstration of micro-electro-mechanical system MEMS deformable mirror,” Opt. Express 18(6), 5433–5448 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Andersen, M. Fisher, R. Conan, M. Fletcher, and J.-P. Véran, “VOLT: the Victoria Open Loop Testbed,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 7015OH (2008).

C. R. Vogel, G. Tyler, Y. Lu, T. Bifano, R. Conan, and C. Blain, “Modeling and parameter estimation for point-actuated continuous-facesheet deformable mirrors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A27(11), A56–A63 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Conan, C. Bradley, O. Lardière, C. Blain, K. Venn, D. Andersen, L. Simard, J.-P. Véran, G. Herriot, D. Loop, T. Usuda, S. Oya, Y. Hayano, H. Terada, and M. Akiyama, “Raven: a harbinger of multi-object adaptive optics-based instruments at the Subaru telescope,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems II7736, 77360T (2010).

C. Blain, O. Guyon, R. Conan, and C. Bradley, “Simple iterative method for open-loop control of MEMS deformable mirrors,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems7015, 701534 (2008).

Cornelissen, S.

T. Bifano, S. Cornelissen, and P. Bierden, “MEMS deformable mirrors in astronomical adaptive optics,” 1st AO4ELT conference, 06003 (2010).

Cuevas, S.

S. Eikenberry, D. Andersen, R. Guzman, J. Bally, S. Cuevas, M. Fletcher, R. Gardhouse, D. Gavel, A. Gonzalez, N. Gruel, F. Hamann, S. Hamner, R. Julian, J. Julian, D. Koo, E. Lada, B. Leckie, J. A. Lopez, R. Pello, J. Perez, W. Rambold, C. Roman, A. Sarajedini, J. Tan, K. Venn, J.-P. Véran, and J. Ziegert, “IRMOS: the near-infrared multi-object spectrograph for the TMT,” Proc. SPIE Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy6269, 62695W (2006).

Dean, P.

C. Hom, P. Dean, and S. Winzer, “Simulating electrostrictive DM: I. non-linear static analysis,” Smart Mater. Struct. 18, 691–699 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Diouf, A.

J. B. Stewart, A. Diouf, Y. Zhou, and T. Bifano, “Open-Loop control of MEMS deformable mirror for large-amplitude wavefront control,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 24(12), 3827–3833 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Doyon, R.

B. Macintosh, J. R. Graham, D. W. Palmer, R. Doyon, J. Dunn, D. T. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, D. A. Erickson, C. Marois, L. A. Poyneer, and R. Soummer, “The Gemini Planet Imager: from science to design to construction,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems7015, 701518 (2008).

Dunn, J.

B. Macintosh, J. R. Graham, D. W. Palmer, R. Doyon, J. Dunn, D. T. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, D. A. Erickson, C. Marois, L. A. Poyneer, and R. Soummer, “The Gemini Planet Imager: from science to design to construction,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems7015, 701518 (2008).

Eikenberry, S.

S. Eikenberry, D. Andersen, R. Guzman, J. Bally, S. Cuevas, M. Fletcher, R. Gardhouse, D. Gavel, A. Gonzalez, N. Gruel, F. Hamann, S. Hamner, R. Julian, J. Julian, D. Koo, E. Lada, B. Leckie, J. A. Lopez, R. Pello, J. Perez, W. Rambold, C. Roman, A. Sarajedini, J. Tan, K. Venn, J.-P. Véran, and J. Ziegert, “IRMOS: the near-infrared multi-object spectrograph for the TMT,” Proc. SPIE Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy6269, 62695W (2006).

Erickson, D. A.

B. Macintosh, J. R. Graham, D. W. Palmer, R. Doyon, J. Dunn, D. T. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, D. A. Erickson, C. Marois, L. A. Poyneer, and R. Soummer, “The Gemini Planet Imager: from science to design to construction,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems7015, 701518 (2008).

Fisher, M.

D. Andersen, M. Fisher, R. Conan, M. Fletcher, and J.-P. Véran, “VOLT: the Victoria Open Loop Testbed,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 7015OH (2008).

Fletcher, M.

D. Andersen, M. Fisher, R. Conan, M. Fletcher, and J.-P. Véran, “VOLT: the Victoria Open Loop Testbed,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 7015OH (2008).

S. Eikenberry, D. Andersen, R. Guzman, J. Bally, S. Cuevas, M. Fletcher, R. Gardhouse, D. Gavel, A. Gonzalez, N. Gruel, F. Hamann, S. Hamner, R. Julian, J. Julian, D. Koo, E. Lada, B. Leckie, J. A. Lopez, R. Pello, J. Perez, W. Rambold, C. Roman, A. Sarajedini, J. Tan, K. Venn, J.-P. Véran, and J. Ziegert, “IRMOS: the near-infrared multi-object spectrograph for the TMT,” Proc. SPIE Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy6269, 62695W (2006).

Galicher, R.

O. Guyon, E. A. Pluzhnik, R. Galicher, F. Martinache, S. T. Ridgway, and R. A. Woodruff, “Exoplanet Iimaging with a phase-induced amplitude apodization aoronagraph. I. principle,” Astrophys. J. 622, 744–758 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gardhouse, R.

S. Eikenberry, D. Andersen, R. Guzman, J. Bally, S. Cuevas, M. Fletcher, R. Gardhouse, D. Gavel, A. Gonzalez, N. Gruel, F. Hamann, S. Hamner, R. Julian, J. Julian, D. Koo, E. Lada, B. Leckie, J. A. Lopez, R. Pello, J. Perez, W. Rambold, C. Roman, A. Sarajedini, J. Tan, K. Venn, J.-P. Véran, and J. Ziegert, “IRMOS: the near-infrared multi-object spectrograph for the TMT,” Proc. SPIE Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy6269, 62695W (2006).

Garrel, V.

O. Guyon, F. Martinache, V. Garrel, F. Vogt, K. Yokochi, and T. Yoshikawa, “The Subaru coronagraphic extreme AO (SCExAO) system: wavefront control and detection of exoplanets with coherent light modulation in the focal plane,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems II7736, 773624 (2010).

Gavel, D.

K. Morzinski, K. B. Harpsoe, D. Gavel, and S. M. Ammons, “The open-loop control of MEMS: modeling and experimental results,” Proc. SPIE MEMS Adaptive Optics6467, 64670G (2007).

S. Eikenberry, D. Andersen, R. Guzman, J. Bally, S. Cuevas, M. Fletcher, R. Gardhouse, D. Gavel, A. Gonzalez, N. Gruel, F. Hamann, S. Hamner, R. Julian, J. Julian, D. Koo, E. Lada, B. Leckie, J. A. Lopez, R. Pello, J. Perez, W. Rambold, C. Roman, A. Sarajedini, J. Tan, K. Venn, J.-P. Véran, and J. Ziegert, “IRMOS: the near-infrared multi-object spectrograph for the TMT,” Proc. SPIE Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy6269, 62695W (2006).

E. Laag, D. Gavel, and M. Ammons, “Open-loop woofer-tweeter control on the LAO multi-conjugate adaptive optics testbed,” in Adaptive Optics for industry and medecine, C. Dainty (Imperial College Press) 143–148 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gavel, D. T.

B. Macintosh, J. R. Graham, D. W. Palmer, R. Doyon, J. Dunn, D. T. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, D. A. Erickson, C. Marois, L. A. Poyneer, and R. Soummer, “The Gemini Planet Imager: from science to design to construction,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems7015, 701518 (2008).

Give’on, A.

A. Give’on, S. Shaklan, and B. Kern, “Electric field conjugation-based wavefront correction algorithm for high contrast imaging systems - experimental results,” Proceedings of the conference In the Spirit of Bernard Lyot: The Direct Detection of Planets and Circumstellar Disks in the 21st Century (2007).

Gonzalez, A.

S. Eikenberry, D. Andersen, R. Guzman, J. Bally, S. Cuevas, M. Fletcher, R. Gardhouse, D. Gavel, A. Gonzalez, N. Gruel, F. Hamann, S. Hamner, R. Julian, J. Julian, D. Koo, E. Lada, B. Leckie, J. A. Lopez, R. Pello, J. Perez, W. Rambold, C. Roman, A. Sarajedini, J. Tan, K. Venn, J.-P. Véran, and J. Ziegert, “IRMOS: the near-infrared multi-object spectrograph for the TMT,” Proc. SPIE Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy6269, 62695W (2006).

Graham, J. R.

B. Macintosh, J. R. Graham, D. W. Palmer, R. Doyon, J. Dunn, D. T. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, D. A. Erickson, C. Marois, L. A. Poyneer, and R. Soummer, “The Gemini Planet Imager: from science to design to construction,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems7015, 701518 (2008).

Gruel, N.

S. Eikenberry, D. Andersen, R. Guzman, J. Bally, S. Cuevas, M. Fletcher, R. Gardhouse, D. Gavel, A. Gonzalez, N. Gruel, F. Hamann, S. Hamner, R. Julian, J. Julian, D. Koo, E. Lada, B. Leckie, J. A. Lopez, R. Pello, J. Perez, W. Rambold, C. Roman, A. Sarajedini, J. Tan, K. Venn, J.-P. Véran, and J. Ziegert, “IRMOS: the near-infrared multi-object spectrograph for the TMT,” Proc. SPIE Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy6269, 62695W (2006).

Guesalaga, A.

Guyon, O.

O. Guyon, E. A. Pluzhnik, F. Martinache, J. Totems, S. Tanaka, T. Matsuo, C. Blain, and R. Belikov, “High contrast imaging and wavefront control with a PIAA coronagraph: laboratory system validation,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 122, 71–84 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Blain, R. Conan, C. Bradley, and O. Guyon, “Open-loop control demonstration of micro-electro-mechanical system MEMS deformable mirror,” Opt. Express 18(6), 5433–5448 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Guyon, F. Martinache, R. Belikov, and R. Soummer, “High performance PIAA coronagraphy with complex amplitude focal plane masks,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. 190(2), 220–232 (2010).
[CrossRef]

O. Guyon, E. A. Pluzhnik, R. Galicher, F. Martinache, S. T. Ridgway, and R. A. Woodruff, “Exoplanet Iimaging with a phase-induced amplitude apodization aoronagraph. I. principle,” Astrophys. J. 622, 744–758 (2005).
[CrossRef]

O. Guyon, “Phase-induced amplitude apodization of telescope pupils for extrasolar terrestrial planet imaging,” Astron. Astrophys. 404, 379–387 (2003).
[CrossRef]

O. Guyon, F. Martinache, V. Garrel, F. Vogt, K. Yokochi, and T. Yoshikawa, “The Subaru coronagraphic extreme AO (SCExAO) system: wavefront control and detection of exoplanets with coherent light modulation in the focal plane,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems II7736, 773624 (2010).

K.-W. Hodapp, M. Tamura, R. Suzuki, S. Jacobson, V. Stahlberger, H. Yamada, H. Takami, O. Guyon, J. Hashimoto, and L. Abe, “HiCIAO - Subaru’s new high-contrast coronographic imager for adaptive optics,” AAS Meeting 21038, 185.

C. Blain, O. Guyon, R. Conan, and C. Bradley, “Simple iterative method for open-loop control of MEMS deformable mirrors,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems7015, 701534 (2008).

Guzman, R.

S. Eikenberry, D. Andersen, R. Guzman, J. Bally, S. Cuevas, M. Fletcher, R. Gardhouse, D. Gavel, A. Gonzalez, N. Gruel, F. Hamann, S. Hamner, R. Julian, J. Julian, D. Koo, E. Lada, B. Leckie, J. A. Lopez, R. Pello, J. Perez, W. Rambold, C. Roman, A. Sarajedini, J. Tan, K. Venn, J.-P. Véran, and J. Ziegert, “IRMOS: the near-infrared multi-object spectrograph for the TMT,” Proc. SPIE Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy6269, 62695W (2006).

Guzmán, D.

Hamann, F.

S. Eikenberry, D. Andersen, R. Guzman, J. Bally, S. Cuevas, M. Fletcher, R. Gardhouse, D. Gavel, A. Gonzalez, N. Gruel, F. Hamann, S. Hamner, R. Julian, J. Julian, D. Koo, E. Lada, B. Leckie, J. A. Lopez, R. Pello, J. Perez, W. Rambold, C. Roman, A. Sarajedini, J. Tan, K. Venn, J.-P. Véran, and J. Ziegert, “IRMOS: the near-infrared multi-object spectrograph for the TMT,” Proc. SPIE Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy6269, 62695W (2006).

Hamner, S.

S. Eikenberry, D. Andersen, R. Guzman, J. Bally, S. Cuevas, M. Fletcher, R. Gardhouse, D. Gavel, A. Gonzalez, N. Gruel, F. Hamann, S. Hamner, R. Julian, J. Julian, D. Koo, E. Lada, B. Leckie, J. A. Lopez, R. Pello, J. Perez, W. Rambold, C. Roman, A. Sarajedini, J. Tan, K. Venn, J.-P. Véran, and J. Ziegert, “IRMOS: the near-infrared multi-object spectrograph for the TMT,” Proc. SPIE Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy6269, 62695W (2006).

Harenstein, M.

J. A. Perreault, T. Bifano, B. M. Levine, and M. Harenstein, “Adaptive optic correction using microelectromechnical deformable mirrors,” Opt. Eng. 41(3), 561–566 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Harpsoe, K. B.

K. Morzinski, K. B. Harpsoe, D. Gavel, and S. M. Ammons, “The open-loop control of MEMS: modeling and experimental results,” Proc. SPIE MEMS Adaptive Optics6467, 64670G (2007).

Hashimoto, J.

K.-W. Hodapp, M. Tamura, R. Suzuki, S. Jacobson, V. Stahlberger, H. Yamada, H. Takami, O. Guyon, J. Hashimoto, and L. Abe, “HiCIAO - Subaru’s new high-contrast coronographic imager for adaptive optics,” AAS Meeting 21038, 185.

Hayano, Y.

R. Conan, C. Bradley, O. Lardière, C. Blain, K. Venn, D. Andersen, L. Simard, J.-P. Véran, G. Herriot, D. Loop, T. Usuda, S. Oya, Y. Hayano, H. Terada, and M. Akiyama, “Raven: a harbinger of multi-object adaptive optics-based instruments at the Subaru telescope,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems II7736, 77360T (2010).

Herriot, G.

R. Conan, C. Bradley, O. Lardière, C. Blain, K. Venn, D. Andersen, L. Simard, J.-P. Véran, G. Herriot, D. Loop, T. Usuda, S. Oya, Y. Hayano, H. Terada, and M. Akiyama, “Raven: a harbinger of multi-object adaptive optics-based instruments at the Subaru telescope,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems II7736, 77360T (2010).

Hodapp, K.-W.

K.-W. Hodapp, M. Tamura, R. Suzuki, S. Jacobson, V. Stahlberger, H. Yamada, H. Takami, O. Guyon, J. Hashimoto, and L. Abe, “HiCIAO - Subaru’s new high-contrast coronographic imager for adaptive optics,” AAS Meeting 21038, 185.

Hom, C.

C. Hom, P. Dean, and S. Winzer, “Simulating electrostrictive DM: I. non-linear static analysis,” Smart Mater. Struct. 18, 691–699 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jacobson, S.

K.-W. Hodapp, M. Tamura, R. Suzuki, S. Jacobson, V. Stahlberger, H. Yamada, H. Takami, O. Guyon, J. Hashimoto, and L. Abe, “HiCIAO - Subaru’s new high-contrast coronographic imager for adaptive optics,” AAS Meeting 21038, 185.

Juez, F. J.

Julian, J.

S. Eikenberry, D. Andersen, R. Guzman, J. Bally, S. Cuevas, M. Fletcher, R. Gardhouse, D. Gavel, A. Gonzalez, N. Gruel, F. Hamann, S. Hamner, R. Julian, J. Julian, D. Koo, E. Lada, B. Leckie, J. A. Lopez, R. Pello, J. Perez, W. Rambold, C. Roman, A. Sarajedini, J. Tan, K. Venn, J.-P. Véran, and J. Ziegert, “IRMOS: the near-infrared multi-object spectrograph for the TMT,” Proc. SPIE Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy6269, 62695W (2006).

Julian, R.

S. Eikenberry, D. Andersen, R. Guzman, J. Bally, S. Cuevas, M. Fletcher, R. Gardhouse, D. Gavel, A. Gonzalez, N. Gruel, F. Hamann, S. Hamner, R. Julian, J. Julian, D. Koo, E. Lada, B. Leckie, J. A. Lopez, R. Pello, J. Perez, W. Rambold, C. Roman, A. Sarajedini, J. Tan, K. Venn, J.-P. Véran, and J. Ziegert, “IRMOS: the near-infrared multi-object spectrograph for the TMT,” Proc. SPIE Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy6269, 62695W (2006).

Kern, B.

A. Give’on, S. Shaklan, and B. Kern, “Electric field conjugation-based wavefront correction algorithm for high contrast imaging systems - experimental results,” Proceedings of the conference In the Spirit of Bernard Lyot: The Direct Detection of Planets and Circumstellar Disks in the 21st Century (2007).

Koo, D.

S. Eikenberry, D. Andersen, R. Guzman, J. Bally, S. Cuevas, M. Fletcher, R. Gardhouse, D. Gavel, A. Gonzalez, N. Gruel, F. Hamann, S. Hamner, R. Julian, J. Julian, D. Koo, E. Lada, B. Leckie, J. A. Lopez, R. Pello, J. Perez, W. Rambold, C. Roman, A. Sarajedini, J. Tan, K. Venn, J.-P. Véran, and J. Ziegert, “IRMOS: the near-infrared multi-object spectrograph for the TMT,” Proc. SPIE Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy6269, 62695W (2006).

Laag, E.

E. Laag, D. Gavel, and M. Ammons, “Open-loop woofer-tweeter control on the LAO multi-conjugate adaptive optics testbed,” in Adaptive Optics for industry and medecine, C. Dainty (Imperial College Press) 143–148 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lada, E.

S. Eikenberry, D. Andersen, R. Guzman, J. Bally, S. Cuevas, M. Fletcher, R. Gardhouse, D. Gavel, A. Gonzalez, N. Gruel, F. Hamann, S. Hamner, R. Julian, J. Julian, D. Koo, E. Lada, B. Leckie, J. A. Lopez, R. Pello, J. Perez, W. Rambold, C. Roman, A. Sarajedini, J. Tan, K. Venn, J.-P. Véran, and J. Ziegert, “IRMOS: the near-infrared multi-object spectrograph for the TMT,” Proc. SPIE Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy6269, 62695W (2006).

Lardière, O.

R. Conan, C. Bradley, O. Lardière, C. Blain, K. Venn, D. Andersen, L. Simard, J.-P. Véran, G. Herriot, D. Loop, T. Usuda, S. Oya, Y. Hayano, H. Terada, and M. Akiyama, “Raven: a harbinger of multi-object adaptive optics-based instruments at the Subaru telescope,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems II7736, 77360T (2010).

Larkin, J.

B. Macintosh, J. R. Graham, D. W. Palmer, R. Doyon, J. Dunn, D. T. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, D. A. Erickson, C. Marois, L. A. Poyneer, and R. Soummer, “The Gemini Planet Imager: from science to design to construction,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems7015, 701518 (2008).

Lasheras, F. S.

Leckie, B.

S. Eikenberry, D. Andersen, R. Guzman, J. Bally, S. Cuevas, M. Fletcher, R. Gardhouse, D. Gavel, A. Gonzalez, N. Gruel, F. Hamann, S. Hamner, R. Julian, J. Julian, D. Koo, E. Lada, B. Leckie, J. A. Lopez, R. Pello, J. Perez, W. Rambold, C. Roman, A. Sarajedini, J. Tan, K. Venn, J.-P. Véran, and J. Ziegert, “IRMOS: the near-infrared multi-object spectrograph for the TMT,” Proc. SPIE Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy6269, 62695W (2006).

Levine, B. M.

J. A. Perreault, T. Bifano, B. M. Levine, and M. Harenstein, “Adaptive optic correction using microelectromechnical deformable mirrors,” Opt. Eng. 41(3), 561–566 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Loop, D.

R. Conan, C. Bradley, O. Lardière, C. Blain, K. Venn, D. Andersen, L. Simard, J.-P. Véran, G. Herriot, D. Loop, T. Usuda, S. Oya, Y. Hayano, H. Terada, and M. Akiyama, “Raven: a harbinger of multi-object adaptive optics-based instruments at the Subaru telescope,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems II7736, 77360T (2010).

Lopez, J. A.

S. Eikenberry, D. Andersen, R. Guzman, J. Bally, S. Cuevas, M. Fletcher, R. Gardhouse, D. Gavel, A. Gonzalez, N. Gruel, F. Hamann, S. Hamner, R. Julian, J. Julian, D. Koo, E. Lada, B. Leckie, J. A. Lopez, R. Pello, J. Perez, W. Rambold, C. Roman, A. Sarajedini, J. Tan, K. Venn, J.-P. Véran, and J. Ziegert, “IRMOS: the near-infrared multi-object spectrograph for the TMT,” Proc. SPIE Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy6269, 62695W (2006).

Lu, Y.

C. R. Vogel, G. Tyler, Y. Lu, T. Bifano, R. Conan, and C. Blain, “Modeling and parameter estimation for point-actuated continuous-facesheet deformable mirrors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A27(11), A56–A63 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Macintosh, B.

B. Macintosh, J. R. Graham, D. W. Palmer, R. Doyon, J. Dunn, D. T. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, D. A. Erickson, C. Marois, L. A. Poyneer, and R. Soummer, “The Gemini Planet Imager: from science to design to construction,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems7015, 701518 (2008).

Marois, C.

B. Macintosh, J. R. Graham, D. W. Palmer, R. Doyon, J. Dunn, D. T. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, D. A. Erickson, C. Marois, L. A. Poyneer, and R. Soummer, “The Gemini Planet Imager: from science to design to construction,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems7015, 701518 (2008).

Martinache, F.

O. Guyon, E. A. Pluzhnik, F. Martinache, J. Totems, S. Tanaka, T. Matsuo, C. Blain, and R. Belikov, “High contrast imaging and wavefront control with a PIAA coronagraph: laboratory system validation,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 122, 71–84 (2010).
[CrossRef]

O. Guyon, F. Martinache, R. Belikov, and R. Soummer, “High performance PIAA coronagraphy with complex amplitude focal plane masks,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. 190(2), 220–232 (2010).
[CrossRef]

O. Guyon, E. A. Pluzhnik, R. Galicher, F. Martinache, S. T. Ridgway, and R. A. Woodruff, “Exoplanet Iimaging with a phase-induced amplitude apodization aoronagraph. I. principle,” Astrophys. J. 622, 744–758 (2005).
[CrossRef]

O. Guyon, F. Martinache, V. Garrel, F. Vogt, K. Yokochi, and T. Yoshikawa, “The Subaru coronagraphic extreme AO (SCExAO) system: wavefront control and detection of exoplanets with coherent light modulation in the focal plane,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems II7736, 773624 (2010).

Matsuo, T.

O. Guyon, E. A. Pluzhnik, F. Martinache, J. Totems, S. Tanaka, T. Matsuo, C. Blain, and R. Belikov, “High contrast imaging and wavefront control with a PIAA coronagraph: laboratory system validation,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 122, 71–84 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Morzinski, K.

K. Morzinski, K. B. Harpsoe, D. Gavel, and S. M. Ammons, “The open-loop control of MEMS: modeling and experimental results,” Proc. SPIE MEMS Adaptive Optics6467, 64670G (2007).

Myers, R.

Oppenheimer, B.

B. Macintosh, J. R. Graham, D. W. Palmer, R. Doyon, J. Dunn, D. T. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, D. A. Erickson, C. Marois, L. A. Poyneer, and R. Soummer, “The Gemini Planet Imager: from science to design to construction,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems7015, 701518 (2008).

Oya, S.

R. Conan, C. Bradley, O. Lardière, C. Blain, K. Venn, D. Andersen, L. Simard, J.-P. Véran, G. Herriot, D. Loop, T. Usuda, S. Oya, Y. Hayano, H. Terada, and M. Akiyama, “Raven: a harbinger of multi-object adaptive optics-based instruments at the Subaru telescope,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems II7736, 77360T (2010).

Palmer, D. W.

B. Macintosh, J. R. Graham, D. W. Palmer, R. Doyon, J. Dunn, D. T. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, D. A. Erickson, C. Marois, L. A. Poyneer, and R. Soummer, “The Gemini Planet Imager: from science to design to construction,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems7015, 701518 (2008).

Pello, R.

S. Eikenberry, D. Andersen, R. Guzman, J. Bally, S. Cuevas, M. Fletcher, R. Gardhouse, D. Gavel, A. Gonzalez, N. Gruel, F. Hamann, S. Hamner, R. Julian, J. Julian, D. Koo, E. Lada, B. Leckie, J. A. Lopez, R. Pello, J. Perez, W. Rambold, C. Roman, A. Sarajedini, J. Tan, K. Venn, J.-P. Véran, and J. Ziegert, “IRMOS: the near-infrared multi-object spectrograph for the TMT,” Proc. SPIE Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy6269, 62695W (2006).

Perez, J.

S. Eikenberry, D. Andersen, R. Guzman, J. Bally, S. Cuevas, M. Fletcher, R. Gardhouse, D. Gavel, A. Gonzalez, N. Gruel, F. Hamann, S. Hamner, R. Julian, J. Julian, D. Koo, E. Lada, B. Leckie, J. A. Lopez, R. Pello, J. Perez, W. Rambold, C. Roman, A. Sarajedini, J. Tan, K. Venn, J.-P. Véran, and J. Ziegert, “IRMOS: the near-infrared multi-object spectrograph for the TMT,” Proc. SPIE Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy6269, 62695W (2006).

Perreault, J. A.

J. A. Perreault, T. Bifano, B. M. Levine, and M. Harenstein, “Adaptive optic correction using microelectromechnical deformable mirrors,” Opt. Eng. 41(3), 561–566 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pluzhnik, E. A.

O. Guyon, E. A. Pluzhnik, F. Martinache, J. Totems, S. Tanaka, T. Matsuo, C. Blain, and R. Belikov, “High contrast imaging and wavefront control with a PIAA coronagraph: laboratory system validation,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 122, 71–84 (2010).
[CrossRef]

O. Guyon, E. A. Pluzhnik, R. Galicher, F. Martinache, S. T. Ridgway, and R. A. Woodruff, “Exoplanet Iimaging with a phase-induced amplitude apodization aoronagraph. I. principle,” Astrophys. J. 622, 744–758 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Poyneer, L. A.

B. Macintosh, J. R. Graham, D. W. Palmer, R. Doyon, J. Dunn, D. T. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, D. A. Erickson, C. Marois, L. A. Poyneer, and R. Soummer, “The Gemini Planet Imager: from science to design to construction,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems7015, 701518 (2008).

Rambold, W.

S. Eikenberry, D. Andersen, R. Guzman, J. Bally, S. Cuevas, M. Fletcher, R. Gardhouse, D. Gavel, A. Gonzalez, N. Gruel, F. Hamann, S. Hamner, R. Julian, J. Julian, D. Koo, E. Lada, B. Leckie, J. A. Lopez, R. Pello, J. Perez, W. Rambold, C. Roman, A. Sarajedini, J. Tan, K. Venn, J.-P. Véran, and J. Ziegert, “IRMOS: the near-infrared multi-object spectrograph for the TMT,” Proc. SPIE Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy6269, 62695W (2006).

Ridgway, S. T.

O. Guyon, E. A. Pluzhnik, R. Galicher, F. Martinache, S. T. Ridgway, and R. A. Woodruff, “Exoplanet Iimaging with a phase-induced amplitude apodization aoronagraph. I. principle,” Astrophys. J. 622, 744–758 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Roman, C.

S. Eikenberry, D. Andersen, R. Guzman, J. Bally, S. Cuevas, M. Fletcher, R. Gardhouse, D. Gavel, A. Gonzalez, N. Gruel, F. Hamann, S. Hamner, R. Julian, J. Julian, D. Koo, E. Lada, B. Leckie, J. A. Lopez, R. Pello, J. Perez, W. Rambold, C. Roman, A. Sarajedini, J. Tan, K. Venn, J.-P. Véran, and J. Ziegert, “IRMOS: the near-infrared multi-object spectrograph for the TMT,” Proc. SPIE Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy6269, 62695W (2006).

Saddlemyer, L.

B. Macintosh, J. R. Graham, D. W. Palmer, R. Doyon, J. Dunn, D. T. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, D. A. Erickson, C. Marois, L. A. Poyneer, and R. Soummer, “The Gemini Planet Imager: from science to design to construction,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems7015, 701518 (2008).

Santos, N. C.

N. C. Santos, “Extra-solar planets: detection methods and results,” Circumstellar disks and planets at very high angular resolution, Proc. of the VLTI Euro Summer School52, Issues 2–5, 154–166 (2008).

Sarajedini, A.

S. Eikenberry, D. Andersen, R. Guzman, J. Bally, S. Cuevas, M. Fletcher, R. Gardhouse, D. Gavel, A. Gonzalez, N. Gruel, F. Hamann, S. Hamner, R. Julian, J. Julian, D. Koo, E. Lada, B. Leckie, J. A. Lopez, R. Pello, J. Perez, W. Rambold, C. Roman, A. Sarajedini, J. Tan, K. Venn, J.-P. Véran, and J. Ziegert, “IRMOS: the near-infrared multi-object spectrograph for the TMT,” Proc. SPIE Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy6269, 62695W (2006).

Shaklan, S.

A. Give’on, S. Shaklan, and B. Kern, “Electric field conjugation-based wavefront correction algorithm for high contrast imaging systems - experimental results,” Proceedings of the conference In the Spirit of Bernard Lyot: The Direct Detection of Planets and Circumstellar Disks in the 21st Century (2007).

Simard, L.

R. Conan, C. Bradley, O. Lardière, C. Blain, K. Venn, D. Andersen, L. Simard, J.-P. Véran, G. Herriot, D. Loop, T. Usuda, S. Oya, Y. Hayano, H. Terada, and M. Akiyama, “Raven: a harbinger of multi-object adaptive optics-based instruments at the Subaru telescope,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems II7736, 77360T (2010).

Sivaramakrishnan, A.

B. Macintosh, J. R. Graham, D. W. Palmer, R. Doyon, J. Dunn, D. T. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, D. A. Erickson, C. Marois, L. A. Poyneer, and R. Soummer, “The Gemini Planet Imager: from science to design to construction,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems7015, 701518 (2008).

Soummer, R.

O. Guyon, F. Martinache, R. Belikov, and R. Soummer, “High performance PIAA coronagraphy with complex amplitude focal plane masks,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. 190(2), 220–232 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Macintosh, J. R. Graham, D. W. Palmer, R. Doyon, J. Dunn, D. T. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, D. A. Erickson, C. Marois, L. A. Poyneer, and R. Soummer, “The Gemini Planet Imager: from science to design to construction,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems7015, 701518 (2008).

Stahlberger, V.

K.-W. Hodapp, M. Tamura, R. Suzuki, S. Jacobson, V. Stahlberger, H. Yamada, H. Takami, O. Guyon, J. Hashimoto, and L. Abe, “HiCIAO - Subaru’s new high-contrast coronographic imager for adaptive optics,” AAS Meeting 21038, 185.

Stewart, J. B.

J. B. Stewart, A. Diouf, Y. Zhou, and T. Bifano, “Open-Loop control of MEMS deformable mirror for large-amplitude wavefront control,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 24(12), 3827–3833 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, R.

K.-W. Hodapp, M. Tamura, R. Suzuki, S. Jacobson, V. Stahlberger, H. Yamada, H. Takami, O. Guyon, J. Hashimoto, and L. Abe, “HiCIAO - Subaru’s new high-contrast coronographic imager for adaptive optics,” AAS Meeting 21038, 185.

Takami, H.

K.-W. Hodapp, M. Tamura, R. Suzuki, S. Jacobson, V. Stahlberger, H. Yamada, H. Takami, O. Guyon, J. Hashimoto, and L. Abe, “HiCIAO - Subaru’s new high-contrast coronographic imager for adaptive optics,” AAS Meeting 21038, 185.

Tamura, M.

K.-W. Hodapp, M. Tamura, R. Suzuki, S. Jacobson, V. Stahlberger, H. Yamada, H. Takami, O. Guyon, J. Hashimoto, and L. Abe, “HiCIAO - Subaru’s new high-contrast coronographic imager for adaptive optics,” AAS Meeting 21038, 185.

Tan, J.

S. Eikenberry, D. Andersen, R. Guzman, J. Bally, S. Cuevas, M. Fletcher, R. Gardhouse, D. Gavel, A. Gonzalez, N. Gruel, F. Hamann, S. Hamner, R. Julian, J. Julian, D. Koo, E. Lada, B. Leckie, J. A. Lopez, R. Pello, J. Perez, W. Rambold, C. Roman, A. Sarajedini, J. Tan, K. Venn, J.-P. Véran, and J. Ziegert, “IRMOS: the near-infrared multi-object spectrograph for the TMT,” Proc. SPIE Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy6269, 62695W (2006).

Tanaka, S.

O. Guyon, E. A. Pluzhnik, F. Martinache, J. Totems, S. Tanaka, T. Matsuo, C. Blain, and R. Belikov, “High contrast imaging and wavefront control with a PIAA coronagraph: laboratory system validation,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 122, 71–84 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Terada, H.

R. Conan, C. Bradley, O. Lardière, C. Blain, K. Venn, D. Andersen, L. Simard, J.-P. Véran, G. Herriot, D. Loop, T. Usuda, S. Oya, Y. Hayano, H. Terada, and M. Akiyama, “Raven: a harbinger of multi-object adaptive optics-based instruments at the Subaru telescope,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems II7736, 77360T (2010).

Totems, J.

O. Guyon, E. A. Pluzhnik, F. Martinache, J. Totems, S. Tanaka, T. Matsuo, C. Blain, and R. Belikov, “High contrast imaging and wavefront control with a PIAA coronagraph: laboratory system validation,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 122, 71–84 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tyler, G.

C. R. Vogel, G. Tyler, Y. Lu, T. Bifano, R. Conan, and C. Blain, “Modeling and parameter estimation for point-actuated continuous-facesheet deformable mirrors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A27(11), A56–A63 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Usuda, T.

R. Conan, C. Bradley, O. Lardière, C. Blain, K. Venn, D. Andersen, L. Simard, J.-P. Véran, G. Herriot, D. Loop, T. Usuda, S. Oya, Y. Hayano, H. Terada, and M. Akiyama, “Raven: a harbinger of multi-object adaptive optics-based instruments at the Subaru telescope,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems II7736, 77360T (2010).

Venn, K.

R. Conan, C. Bradley, O. Lardière, C. Blain, K. Venn, D. Andersen, L. Simard, J.-P. Véran, G. Herriot, D. Loop, T. Usuda, S. Oya, Y. Hayano, H. Terada, and M. Akiyama, “Raven: a harbinger of multi-object adaptive optics-based instruments at the Subaru telescope,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems II7736, 77360T (2010).

S. Eikenberry, D. Andersen, R. Guzman, J. Bally, S. Cuevas, M. Fletcher, R. Gardhouse, D. Gavel, A. Gonzalez, N. Gruel, F. Hamann, S. Hamner, R. Julian, J. Julian, D. Koo, E. Lada, B. Leckie, J. A. Lopez, R. Pello, J. Perez, W. Rambold, C. Roman, A. Sarajedini, J. Tan, K. Venn, J.-P. Véran, and J. Ziegert, “IRMOS: the near-infrared multi-object spectrograph for the TMT,” Proc. SPIE Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy6269, 62695W (2006).

Véran, J.-P.

D. Andersen, M. Fisher, R. Conan, M. Fletcher, and J.-P. Véran, “VOLT: the Victoria Open Loop Testbed,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 7015OH (2008).

S. Eikenberry, D. Andersen, R. Guzman, J. Bally, S. Cuevas, M. Fletcher, R. Gardhouse, D. Gavel, A. Gonzalez, N. Gruel, F. Hamann, S. Hamner, R. Julian, J. Julian, D. Koo, E. Lada, B. Leckie, J. A. Lopez, R. Pello, J. Perez, W. Rambold, C. Roman, A. Sarajedini, J. Tan, K. Venn, J.-P. Véran, and J. Ziegert, “IRMOS: the near-infrared multi-object spectrograph for the TMT,” Proc. SPIE Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy6269, 62695W (2006).

R. Conan, C. Bradley, O. Lardière, C. Blain, K. Venn, D. Andersen, L. Simard, J.-P. Véran, G. Herriot, D. Loop, T. Usuda, S. Oya, Y. Hayano, H. Terada, and M. Akiyama, “Raven: a harbinger of multi-object adaptive optics-based instruments at the Subaru telescope,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems II7736, 77360T (2010).

Vogel, C. R.

C. R. Vogel and Q. Yang, “Modeling, simulation, and open-loop control of a continuous facesheet MEMS deformable mirror,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23(5), 1074–1081 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Vogel, G. Tyler, Y. Lu, T. Bifano, R. Conan, and C. Blain, “Modeling and parameter estimation for point-actuated continuous-facesheet deformable mirrors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A27(11), A56–A63 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Vogt, F.

O. Guyon, F. Martinache, V. Garrel, F. Vogt, K. Yokochi, and T. Yoshikawa, “The Subaru coronagraphic extreme AO (SCExAO) system: wavefront control and detection of exoplanets with coherent light modulation in the focal plane,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems II7736, 773624 (2010).

Wallace, J. K.

B. Macintosh, J. R. Graham, D. W. Palmer, R. Doyon, J. Dunn, D. T. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, D. A. Erickson, C. Marois, L. A. Poyneer, and R. Soummer, “The Gemini Planet Imager: from science to design to construction,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems7015, 701518 (2008).

Winzer, S.

C. Hom, P. Dean, and S. Winzer, “Simulating electrostrictive DM: I. non-linear static analysis,” Smart Mater. Struct. 18, 691–699 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Woodruff, R. A.

O. Guyon, E. A. Pluzhnik, R. Galicher, F. Martinache, S. T. Ridgway, and R. A. Woodruff, “Exoplanet Iimaging with a phase-induced amplitude apodization aoronagraph. I. principle,” Astrophys. J. 622, 744–758 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, H.

K.-W. Hodapp, M. Tamura, R. Suzuki, S. Jacobson, V. Stahlberger, H. Yamada, H. Takami, O. Guyon, J. Hashimoto, and L. Abe, “HiCIAO - Subaru’s new high-contrast coronographic imager for adaptive optics,” AAS Meeting 21038, 185.

Yang, Q.

Yokochi, K.

O. Guyon, F. Martinache, V. Garrel, F. Vogt, K. Yokochi, and T. Yoshikawa, “The Subaru coronagraphic extreme AO (SCExAO) system: wavefront control and detection of exoplanets with coherent light modulation in the focal plane,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems II7736, 773624 (2010).

Yoshikawa, T.

O. Guyon, F. Martinache, V. Garrel, F. Vogt, K. Yokochi, and T. Yoshikawa, “The Subaru coronagraphic extreme AO (SCExAO) system: wavefront control and detection of exoplanets with coherent light modulation in the focal plane,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems II7736, 773624 (2010).

Young, L.

Zhou, Y.

J. B. Stewart, A. Diouf, Y. Zhou, and T. Bifano, “Open-Loop control of MEMS deformable mirror for large-amplitude wavefront control,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 24(12), 3827–3833 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ziegert, J.

S. Eikenberry, D. Andersen, R. Guzman, J. Bally, S. Cuevas, M. Fletcher, R. Gardhouse, D. Gavel, A. Gonzalez, N. Gruel, F. Hamann, S. Hamner, R. Julian, J. Julian, D. Koo, E. Lada, B. Leckie, J. A. Lopez, R. Pello, J. Perez, W. Rambold, C. Roman, A. Sarajedini, J. Tan, K. Venn, J.-P. Véran, and J. Ziegert, “IRMOS: the near-infrared multi-object spectrograph for the TMT,” Proc. SPIE Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy6269, 62695W (2006).

Astron. Astrophys.

O. Guyon, “Phase-induced amplitude apodization of telescope pupils for extrasolar terrestrial planet imaging,” Astron. Astrophys. 404, 379–387 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Astrophys. J.

O. Guyon, E. A. Pluzhnik, R. Galicher, F. Martinache, S. T. Ridgway, and R. A. Woodruff, “Exoplanet Iimaging with a phase-induced amplitude apodization aoronagraph. I. principle,” Astrophys. J. 622, 744–758 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Astrophys. J. Suppl.

O. Guyon, F. Martinache, R. Belikov, and R. Soummer, “High performance PIAA coronagraphy with complex amplitude focal plane masks,” Astrophys. J. Suppl. 190(2), 220–232 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

J. B. Stewart, A. Diouf, Y. Zhou, and T. Bifano, “Open-Loop control of MEMS deformable mirror for large-amplitude wavefront control,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 24(12), 3827–3833 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

Opt. Eng.

J. A. Perreault, T. Bifano, B. M. Levine, and M. Harenstein, “Adaptive optic correction using microelectromechnical deformable mirrors,” Opt. Eng. 41(3), 561–566 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Proc. SPIE

D. Andersen, M. Fisher, R. Conan, M. Fletcher, and J.-P. Véran, “VOLT: the Victoria Open Loop Testbed,” Proc. SPIE 7015, 7015OH (2008).

Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac.

O. Guyon, E. A. Pluzhnik, F. Martinache, J. Totems, S. Tanaka, T. Matsuo, C. Blain, and R. Belikov, “High contrast imaging and wavefront control with a PIAA coronagraph: laboratory system validation,” Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 122, 71–84 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Smart Mater. Struct.

C. Hom, P. Dean, and S. Winzer, “Simulating electrostrictive DM: I. non-linear static analysis,” Smart Mater. Struct. 18, 691–699 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other

C. R. Vogel, G. Tyler, Y. Lu, T. Bifano, R. Conan, and C. Blain, “Modeling and parameter estimation for point-actuated continuous-facesheet deformable mirrors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A27(11), A56–A63 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Morzinski, K. B. Harpsoe, D. Gavel, and S. M. Ammons, “The open-loop control of MEMS: modeling and experimental results,” Proc. SPIE MEMS Adaptive Optics6467, 64670G (2007).

E. Laag, D. Gavel, and M. Ammons, “Open-loop woofer-tweeter control on the LAO multi-conjugate adaptive optics testbed,” in Adaptive Optics for industry and medecine, C. Dainty (Imperial College Press) 143–148 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Baker, “A fast high-fidelity model for the deformation of continuous facesheet deformable mirrors,” Proc. SPIE, Adaptive Optics Systems II6272, 627224 (2006).

C. Blain, O. Guyon, R. Conan, and C. Bradley, “Simple iterative method for open-loop control of MEMS deformable mirrors,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems7015, 701534 (2008).

Michael Feinberg, Boston Micromachines Corporation - Private communication.

http://www.naoj.org/staff/guyon/06software.web/01cfits.web/content.html .

http://www.bostonmicromachines.com/ .

http://www.irisao.com/ .

N. C. Santos, “Extra-solar planets: detection methods and results,” Circumstellar disks and planets at very high angular resolution, Proc. of the VLTI Euro Summer School52, Issues 2–5, 154–166 (2008).

B. Macintosh, J. R. Graham, D. W. Palmer, R. Doyon, J. Dunn, D. T. Gavel, J. Larkin, B. Oppenheimer, L. Saddlemyer, A. Sivaramakrishnan, J. K. Wallace, B. Bauman, D. A. Erickson, C. Marois, L. A. Poyneer, and R. Soummer, “The Gemini Planet Imager: from science to design to construction,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems7015, 701518 (2008).

O. Guyon, F. Martinache, V. Garrel, F. Vogt, K. Yokochi, and T. Yoshikawa, “The Subaru coronagraphic extreme AO (SCExAO) system: wavefront control and detection of exoplanets with coherent light modulation in the focal plane,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems II7736, 773624 (2010).

A. Give’on, S. Shaklan, and B. Kern, “Electric field conjugation-based wavefront correction algorithm for high contrast imaging systems - experimental results,” Proceedings of the conference In the Spirit of Bernard Lyot: The Direct Detection of Planets and Circumstellar Disks in the 21st Century (2007).

R. Conan, C. Bradley, O. Lardière, C. Blain, K. Venn, D. Andersen, L. Simard, J.-P. Véran, G. Herriot, D. Loop, T. Usuda, S. Oya, Y. Hayano, H. Terada, and M. Akiyama, “Raven: a harbinger of multi-object adaptive optics-based instruments at the Subaru telescope,” Proc. SPIE Adaptive Optics Systems II7736, 77360T (2010).

S. Eikenberry, D. Andersen, R. Guzman, J. Bally, S. Cuevas, M. Fletcher, R. Gardhouse, D. Gavel, A. Gonzalez, N. Gruel, F. Hamann, S. Hamner, R. Julian, J. Julian, D. Koo, E. Lada, B. Leckie, J. A. Lopez, R. Pello, J. Perez, W. Rambold, C. Roman, A. Sarajedini, J. Tan, K. Venn, J.-P. Véran, and J. Ziegert, “IRMOS: the near-infrared multi-object spectrograph for the TMT,” Proc. SPIE Ground-based and Airborne Instrumentation for Astronomy6269, 62695W (2006).

T. Bifano, S. Cornelissen, and P. Bierden, “MEMS deformable mirrors in astronomical adaptive optics,” 1st AO4ELT conference, 06003 (2010).

http://www.naoj.org/Observing/Instruments/AO/index.html .

K.-W. Hodapp, M. Tamura, R. Suzuki, S. Jacobson, V. Stahlberger, H. Yamada, H. Takami, O. Guyon, J. Hashimoto, and L. Abe, “HiCIAO - Subaru’s new high-contrast coronographic imager for adaptive optics,” AAS Meeting 21038, 185.

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Overview of the model organisation with the preliminary calibration procedure and the detail of the iterative algorithm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the forces acting on two neighbouring actuators. The DM membrane (in yellow) is attached to the top actuator plate through rigid posts. The electrostatic force Felec and the restoring force Frestoring are always acting in opposition. The mechanical coupling force Fmec, depends on the relative position of the actuators to each other. In this schematic, the left actuator is lower than the right actuator. The mechanical coupling through the membrane results on the left actuator being pulled up (by the right actuator) and the right actuator is being pulled down (by the left actuator).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Detail of the iterative algorithm. The model input is a voltage map and after few iterations of Step (i) to (iv), the model converges toward a displacements matrix.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Location of the “Active array” and “Reference area”. (b) Phase measurement for the array of 32 by 32 actuators pulled to 100 V. The dead actuator appears on the bottom right part of the image as a dark spot. The white dashed square shows the limit of the active array.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Phase measurement of the 32 by 32 array with the active array set to 200 V (in red) and the reference area left to zero volt (in blue) and (b) transversal cut of the phase measurement presented in (a).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Transversal cut of the phase measurement of the edge actuator maximum displacement. The five rows of actuators maintained to zero are to the right and the lifted up edge of the mirror is on the left.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Phase measurement (transversal cut) of the influence function for actuator [16,16] when pulled to 160 V while the rest of the array was maintained at 0 V. The FWHM was approximately 8 pixels.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) Phase measurements of the vertical displacement obtained for the central active array of actuators when pulled from 20 V to 120 V and (b) Evolution of kr with respect to dp and its quadratic fit.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

(a) Measurements of the displacement obtained along the vertical cut passing on top of actu16 for the five test voltages and (b) plots of km and its quadratic fit over the range of Δdp.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Left column: measured phase (in m); Middle column: modelled phase (in m); Right column: difference between measured and modelled phase (in m), for five of the ten phase screens used to evaluate the model performances. The top two phase screens have been used in the MCMC algorithm for the model coefficients optimization.

Tables (6)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Descriptive Table of the DM Coefficients and the Geometrical Coefficients

Tables Icon

Table 2 Look-Up Table Established for the Experimental Evaluation of kr

Tables Icon

Table 3 Values Obtained During the Experimental Evaluation of kr (N.m−1)

Tables Icon

Table 4 Values Obtained During the Experimental Evaluation of km (N.m−1)

Tables Icon

Table 5 Model Coefficients Resulting from the MCMC Optimisation; These Coefficients were used to Evaluate the Model’S Performance

Tables Icon

Table 6 Performance Comparison between Guzmán, Morzinski, Blain Modeling Approaches and the SQM; The Numbers Shown for this Model and the SQM are the Mean Values Obtained over the Set of Ten Phase Screens under Test

Equations (18)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

rms = npx ( measured i model i ) 2 npx
C = ɛ 0 ɛ r Lw g
E pot = 1 2 C V 2
F elec = d E pot dg = d dg ( ɛ 0 ɛ r Lw V 2 2 g )
F elec = ɛ 0 ɛ r Lw 2 V 2 g 2
k e = ɛ 0 ɛ r Lw 2
g = g 0 dp
F restoring = k r . dp
F mec ( i , j ) = i = 1 4 k m . ( dp ( i , j ) dp ( perp i ) ) + i = 1 4 k m . k l . ( dp ( i , j ) dp ( diag i ) )
F elec + F restoring + F mec = 0
dp = ( F elec + F mec ) k r
k r = k r a . d p 2 + k r b . dp + k r c
k m = k m a . Δ d p 2 + k m b . Δ dp + k m c
R = Φ 1 Φ 2
k m = ( F elec + k r . dp ) 8 . Δ dp
R rms / PV = residual rms desired PV
R rms / rms = residual rms desired rms
Displacement = α × Voltage 2

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