Abstract

In optical frequency, surface plasmons of metal provide us a prominent way to build compact photonic devices or circuits with non-diffraction limit. It is attributed by their extraordinary electromagnetic confining effect. But in the counterpart of lower frequencies, plasmonics behavior of metal is screened by eddy current induced in a certain skin depth. To amend this, spoof plasmons engineered by artificial structures have been introduced to mimic surface plasmons in these frequencies. But it is less useful for practical application due to their weak field confinement as manifested by large field decaying length in the upper dielectric space. Recently, a new type of engineered plasmons, domino plasmon was theoretically proposed to produce unusual field confinement and waveguiding capabilities that make them very attractive for ultra-compact device applications [Opt. Exp. 18, 754-764 (2010)]. In this work, we implemented these ideas and built three waveguiding devices based on domino plasmons. Their strong capabilities to produce versatile and ultra-compact devices with multiple electromagnetic functions have been experimentally verified in microwaves. And that can be extended to THz regime to pave the way for a new class of integrated wave circuits.

© 2011 OSA

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2010 (5)

2009 (2)

A. Gopinath, S. V. Boriskina, B. M. Reinhard, and L. Dal Negro, “Deterministic aperiodic arrays of metal nanoparticles for surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS),” Opt. Express 17(5), 3741–3753 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ishikawa, S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Deep subwavelength terahertz waveguides using gap magnetic plasmon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(4), 043904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (4)

Y. G. Ma and C. K. Ong, “Generation of surface-plasmon-polariton like resonance mode on microwave metallic gratings,” New J. Phys. 10(6), 063017 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. G. Ma, X. S. Rao, and C. K. Ong, “Evolution of microwave resonance in reflection metallic gratings under inner gap modification,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 123510 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhu, A. Agrawal, and A. Nahata, “Planar plasmonic terahertz guided-wave devices,” Opt. Express 16(9), 6216–6226 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. G. Ma, X. C. Wang, and C. K. Ong, “Negative refractive index of metallic cross-I-shaped pairs: Origin and evolution with pair gap width,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 78(1 Pt 2), 016605 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (4)

Y. G. Ma, X. S. Rao, G. F. Zhang, and C. K. Ong, “Microwave transmission modes in compound metallic gratings,” Phys. Rev. B 76(8), 085413 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Y. Wang, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Numerical study on surface plasmon polariton behaviors in periodic metal-dielectric structures using a plane-wave-assisted boundary integral-equation method,” Opt. Exp. 15(14), 9048–9062 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, and M. A. Green, “Surface plasmon enhanced silicon solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(9), 093105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Tonouchi, “Cutting-edge terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics 1(2), 97–105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, J. M. O. Zide, A. C. Gossard, A. J. Taylor, and R. D. Averitt, “Active terahertz metamaterial devices,” Nature 444(7119), 597–600 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Maier, S. R. Andrews, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, “Terahertz surface plasmon-polariton propagation and focusing on periodically corrugated metal wires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(17), 176805 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. P. Hibbins, I. R. Hooper, M. J. Lockyear, and J. R. Sambles, “Microwave transmission of a compound metal grating,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(25), 257402 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

L. Liu, Z. H. Han, and S. L. He, “Novel surface plasmon waveguide for high integration,” Opt. Express 13(17), 6645–6650 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, and J. B. Pendry, “Surfaces with holes in them: new plasmonic metamaterials,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7(2), S97–S101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, D. Gary, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, “THz imaging and sensing for security applications - explosives, weapons and drugs,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), 266–280 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

2003 (3)

Z. J. Sun, Y. S. Jung, and H. K. Kim, “Role of surface plasmons in the optical interaction in metallic gratings with narrow slits,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(15), 3021–3023 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. R. Hooper and J. R. Sambles, “Surface plasmon polaritons on thin-slab metal gratings,” Phys. Rev. B 67(23), 235404 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

P. H. Siegel, “Terahertz technology,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 50(3), 910–928 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

F. R. Yang, K. P. Ma, Y. X. Qian, and T. Itoh, “A uniplanar compact photonic-bandgap (UC-PBG) structure and its applications for microwave circuits,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47(8), 1509–1514 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, A.

Andrews, S. R.

S. A. Maier, S. R. Andrews, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, “Terahertz surface plasmon-polariton propagation and focusing on periodically corrugated metal wires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(17), 176805 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Averitt, R. D.

H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, J. M. O. Zide, A. C. Gossard, A. J. Taylor, and R. D. Averitt, “Active terahertz metamaterial devices,” Nature 444(7119), 597–600 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barat, R.

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, D. Gary, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, “THz imaging and sensing for security applications - explosives, weapons and drugs,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), 266–280 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartal, G.

A. Ishikawa, S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Deep subwavelength terahertz waveguides using gap magnetic plasmon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(4), 043904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boriskina, S. V.

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

D. K. Gramotnev and S. I. Bozhevolnyi; “Plasmonics beyond the diffraction limit,” Nat. Photonics 4(2), 83–91 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Catchpole, K. R.

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, and M. A. Green, “Surface plasmon enhanced silicon solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(9), 093105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H. T.

H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, J. M. O. Zide, A. C. Gossard, A. J. Taylor, and R. D. Averitt, “Active terahertz metamaterial devices,” Nature 444(7119), 597–600 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dal Negro, L.

Dereux, A.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Devaux, E.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ebbesen, T. W.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, “Light passing through subwavelength apertures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(1), 729–787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eldaiki, O. M.

Federici, J. F.

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, D. Gary, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, “THz imaging and sensing for security applications - explosives, weapons and drugs,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), 266–280 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fernandez-Dominguez, A. I.

Gallot, G.

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

D. Martin-Cano, M. L. Nesterov, A. I. Fernandez-Dominguez, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, and E. Moreno, “Domino plasmons for subwavelength terahertz circuitry,” Opt. Express 18(2), 754–764 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. L. Nesterov, D. Martin-Cano, A. I. Fernandez-Dominguez, E. Moreno, L. Martin-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, “Geometrically induced modification of surface plasmons in the optical and telecom regimes,” Opt. Lett. 35(3), 423–425 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, “Light passing through subwavelength apertures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(1), 729–787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, and J. B. Pendry, “Surfaces with holes in them: new plasmonic metamaterials,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7(2), S97–S101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, “Mimicking Surface Plasmons with Structured Surfaces,” Science 305(5685), 847–848 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

García-Vidal, F. J.

S. A. Maier, S. R. Andrews, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, “Terahertz surface plasmon-polariton propagation and focusing on periodically corrugated metal wires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(17), 176805 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gary, D.

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, D. Gary, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, “THz imaging and sensing for security applications - explosives, weapons and drugs,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), 266–280 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Genov, D. A.

A. Ishikawa, S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Deep subwavelength terahertz waveguides using gap magnetic plasmon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(4), 043904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gopinath, A.

Gossard, A. C.

H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, J. M. O. Zide, A. C. Gossard, A. J. Taylor, and R. D. Averitt, “Active terahertz metamaterial devices,” Nature 444(7119), 597–600 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gramotnev, D. K.

D. K. Gramotnev and S. I. Bozhevolnyi; “Plasmonics beyond the diffraction limit,” Nat. Photonics 4(2), 83–91 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Green, M. A.

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, and M. A. Green, “Surface plasmon enhanced silicon solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(9), 093105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Grischkowsky, D.

Han, Z. H.

He, S. L.

Hibbins, A. P.

A. P. Hibbins, I. R. Hooper, M. J. Lockyear, and J. R. Sambles, “Microwave transmission of a compound metal grating,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(25), 257402 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hooper, I. R.

A. P. Hibbins, I. R. Hooper, M. J. Lockyear, and J. R. Sambles, “Microwave transmission of a compound metal grating,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(25), 257402 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. R. Hooper and J. R. Sambles, “Surface plasmon polaritons on thin-slab metal gratings,” Phys. Rev. B 67(23), 235404 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Huang, F.

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, D. Gary, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, “THz imaging and sensing for security applications - explosives, weapons and drugs,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), 266–280 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ishikawa, A.

A. Ishikawa, S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Deep subwavelength terahertz waveguides using gap magnetic plasmon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(4), 043904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Itoh, T.

F. R. Yang, K. P. Ma, Y. X. Qian, and T. Itoh, “A uniplanar compact photonic-bandgap (UC-PBG) structure and its applications for microwave circuits,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47(8), 1509–1514 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jamison, S. P.

Jung, Y. S.

Z. J. Sun, Y. S. Jung, and H. K. Kim, “Role of surface plasmons in the optical interaction in metallic gratings with narrow slits,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(15), 3021–3023 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kiang, Y. W.

J. Y. Wang, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Numerical study on surface plasmon polariton behaviors in periodic metal-dielectric structures using a plane-wave-assisted boundary integral-equation method,” Opt. Exp. 15(14), 9048–9062 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H. K.

Z. J. Sun, Y. S. Jung, and H. K. Kim, “Role of surface plasmons in the optical interaction in metallic gratings with narrow slits,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(15), 3021–3023 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kuipers, L.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, “Light passing through subwavelength apertures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(1), 729–787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Laluet, J. Y.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lezec, H. J.

Liu, L.

Lockyear, M. J.

A. P. Hibbins, I. R. Hooper, M. J. Lockyear, and J. R. Sambles, “Microwave transmission of a compound metal grating,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(25), 257402 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, Z. L.

Ma, K. P.

F. R. Yang, K. P. Ma, Y. X. Qian, and T. Itoh, “A uniplanar compact photonic-bandgap (UC-PBG) structure and its applications for microwave circuits,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47(8), 1509–1514 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ma, Y. G.

Y. G. Ma, X. S. Rao, and C. K. Ong, “Evolution of microwave resonance in reflection metallic gratings under inner gap modification,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 123510 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. G. Ma and C. K. Ong, “Generation of surface-plasmon-polariton like resonance mode on microwave metallic gratings,” New J. Phys. 10(6), 063017 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. G. Ma, X. C. Wang, and C. K. Ong, “Negative refractive index of metallic cross-I-shaped pairs: Origin and evolution with pair gap width,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 78(1 Pt 2), 016605 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. G. Ma, X. S. Rao, G. F. Zhang, and C. K. Ong, “Microwave transmission modes in compound metallic gratings,” Phys. Rev. B 76(8), 085413 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Maier, S. A.

S. A. Maier, S. R. Andrews, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, “Terahertz surface plasmon-polariton propagation and focusing on periodically corrugated metal wires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(17), 176805 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martin-Cano, D.

Martin-Moreno, L.

Martín-Moreno, L.

S. A. Maier, S. R. Andrews, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, “Terahertz surface plasmon-polariton propagation and focusing on periodically corrugated metal wires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(17), 176805 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, “Mimicking Surface Plasmons with Structured Surfaces,” Science 305(5685), 847–848 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McGowan, R. W.

Moreno, E.

Nahata, A.

Nesterov, M. L.

Oliveira, F.

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, D. Gary, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, “THz imaging and sensing for security applications - explosives, weapons and drugs,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), 266–280 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ong, C. K.

Y. G. Ma, X. S. Rao, and C. K. Ong, “Evolution of microwave resonance in reflection metallic gratings under inner gap modification,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 123510 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. G. Ma and C. K. Ong, “Generation of surface-plasmon-polariton like resonance mode on microwave metallic gratings,” New J. Phys. 10(6), 063017 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. G. Ma, X. C. Wang, and C. K. Ong, “Negative refractive index of metallic cross-I-shaped pairs: Origin and evolution with pair gap width,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 78(1 Pt 2), 016605 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. G. Ma, X. S. Rao, G. F. Zhang, and C. K. Ong, “Microwave transmission modes in compound metallic gratings,” Phys. Rev. B 76(8), 085413 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Padilla, W. J.

H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, J. M. O. Zide, A. C. Gossard, A. J. Taylor, and R. D. Averitt, “Active terahertz metamaterial devices,” Nature 444(7119), 597–600 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pendry, J. B.

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, and J. B. Pendry, “Surfaces with holes in them: new plasmonic metamaterials,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7(2), S97–S101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, “Mimicking Surface Plasmons with Structured Surfaces,” Science 305(5685), 847–848 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pillai, S.

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, and M. A. Green, “Surface plasmon enhanced silicon solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(9), 093105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Qian, Y. X.

F. R. Yang, K. P. Ma, Y. X. Qian, and T. Itoh, “A uniplanar compact photonic-bandgap (UC-PBG) structure and its applications for microwave circuits,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47(8), 1509–1514 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rao, X. S.

Y. G. Ma, X. S. Rao, and C. K. Ong, “Evolution of microwave resonance in reflection metallic gratings under inner gap modification,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 123510 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. G. Ma, X. S. Rao, G. F. Zhang, and C. K. Ong, “Microwave transmission modes in compound metallic gratings,” Phys. Rev. B 76(8), 085413 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Reinhard, B. M.

Sambles, J. R.

A. P. Hibbins, I. R. Hooper, M. J. Lockyear, and J. R. Sambles, “Microwave transmission of a compound metal grating,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(25), 257402 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. R. Hooper and J. R. Sambles, “Surface plasmon polaritons on thin-slab metal gratings,” Phys. Rev. B 67(23), 235404 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schulkin, B.

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, D. Gary, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, “THz imaging and sensing for security applications - explosives, weapons and drugs,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), 266–280 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Siegel, P. H.

P. H. Siegel, “Terahertz technology,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 50(3), 910–928 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Z. J.

Z. J. Sun, Y. S. Jung, and H. K. Kim, “Role of surface plasmons in the optical interaction in metallic gratings with narrow slits,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(15), 3021–3023 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, A. J.

H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, J. M. O. Zide, A. C. Gossard, A. J. Taylor, and R. D. Averitt, “Active terahertz metamaterial devices,” Nature 444(7119), 597–600 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thio, T.

Tonouchi, M.

M. Tonouchi, “Cutting-edge terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics 1(2), 97–105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Trupke, T.

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, and M. A. Green, “Surface plasmon enhanced silicon solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(9), 093105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Volkov, V. S.

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, J. Y.

J. Y. Wang, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Numerical study on surface plasmon polariton behaviors in periodic metal-dielectric structures using a plane-wave-assisted boundary integral-equation method,” Opt. Exp. 15(14), 9048–9062 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X. C.

Y. G. Ma, X. C. Wang, and C. K. Ong, “Negative refractive index of metallic cross-I-shaped pairs: Origin and evolution with pair gap width,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 78(1 Pt 2), 016605 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, C. C.

J. Y. Wang, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Numerical study on surface plasmon polariton behaviors in periodic metal-dielectric structures using a plane-wave-assisted boundary integral-equation method,” Opt. Exp. 15(14), 9048–9062 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yang, F. R.

F. R. Yang, K. P. Ma, Y. X. Qian, and T. Itoh, “A uniplanar compact photonic-bandgap (UC-PBG) structure and its applications for microwave circuits,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47(8), 1509–1514 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yang, R. X.

Zhang, G. F.

Y. G. Ma, X. S. Rao, G. F. Zhang, and C. K. Ong, “Microwave transmission modes in compound metallic gratings,” Phys. Rev. B 76(8), 085413 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

Zhang, S.

A. Ishikawa, S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Deep subwavelength terahertz waveguides using gap magnetic plasmon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(4), 043904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

A. Ishikawa, S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Deep subwavelength terahertz waveguides using gap magnetic plasmon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(4), 043904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, W. S.

Zhu, W.

Zide, J. M. O.

H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, J. M. O. Zide, A. C. Gossard, A. J. Taylor, and R. D. Averitt, “Active terahertz metamaterial devices,” Nature 444(7119), 597–600 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zimdars, D.

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, D. Gary, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, “THz imaging and sensing for security applications - explosives, weapons and drugs,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), 266–280 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Z. J. Sun, Y. S. Jung, and H. K. Kim, “Role of surface plasmons in the optical interaction in metallic gratings with narrow slits,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(15), 3021–3023 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (2)

F. R. Yang, K. P. Ma, Y. X. Qian, and T. Itoh, “A uniplanar compact photonic-bandgap (UC-PBG) structure and its applications for microwave circuits,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47(8), 1509–1514 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. H. Siegel, “Terahertz technology,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 50(3), 910–928 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

S. Pillai, K. R. Catchpole, T. Trupke, and M. A. Green, “Surface plasmon enhanced silicon solar cells,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(9), 093105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. G. Ma, X. S. Rao, and C. K. Ong, “Evolution of microwave resonance in reflection metallic gratings under inner gap modification,” J. Appl. Phys. 103, 123510 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, and J. B. Pendry, “Surfaces with holes in them: new plasmonic metamaterials,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7(2), S97–S101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nat. Photonics (2)

D. K. Gramotnev and S. I. Bozhevolnyi; “Plasmonics beyond the diffraction limit,” Nat. Photonics 4(2), 83–91 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Tonouchi, “Cutting-edge terahertz technology,” Nat. Photonics 1(2), 97–105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature (3)

S. I. Bozhevolnyi, V. S. Volkov, E. Devaux, J. Y. Laluet, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Channel plasmon subwavelength waveguide components including interferometers and ring resonators,” Nature 440(7083), 508–511 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. T. Chen, W. J. Padilla, J. M. O. Zide, A. C. Gossard, A. J. Taylor, and R. D. Averitt, “Active terahertz metamaterial devices,” Nature 444(7119), 597–600 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New J. Phys. (1)

Y. G. Ma and C. K. Ong, “Generation of surface-plasmon-polariton like resonance mode on microwave metallic gratings,” New J. Phys. 10(6), 063017 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Exp. (1)

J. Y. Wang, C. C. Yang, and Y. W. Kiang, “Numerical study on surface plasmon polariton behaviors in periodic metal-dielectric structures using a plane-wave-assisted boundary integral-equation method,” Opt. Exp. 15(14), 9048–9062 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. B (2)

Y. G. Ma, X. S. Rao, G. F. Zhang, and C. K. Ong, “Microwave transmission modes in compound metallic gratings,” Phys. Rev. B 76(8), 085413 (2007).
[CrossRef]

I. R. Hooper and J. R. Sambles, “Surface plasmon polaritons on thin-slab metal gratings,” Phys. Rev. B 67(23), 235404 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. (1)

Y. G. Ma, X. C. Wang, and C. K. Ong, “Negative refractive index of metallic cross-I-shaped pairs: Origin and evolution with pair gap width,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 78(1 Pt 2), 016605 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

A. P. Hibbins, I. R. Hooper, M. J. Lockyear, and J. R. Sambles, “Microwave transmission of a compound metal grating,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(25), 257402 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ishikawa, S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Deep subwavelength terahertz waveguides using gap magnetic plasmon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(4), 043904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. A. Maier, S. R. Andrews, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. García-Vidal, “Terahertz surface plasmon-polariton propagation and focusing on periodically corrugated metal wires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(17), 176805 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

F. J. Garcia-Vidal, L. Martin-Moreno, T. W. Ebbesen, and L. Kuipers, “Light passing through subwavelength apertures,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 82(1), 729–787 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

J. B. Pendry, L. Martín-Moreno, and F. J. Garcia-Vidal, “Mimicking Surface Plasmons with Structured Surfaces,” Science 305(5685), 847–848 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Semicond. Sci. Technol. (1)

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, D. Gary, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, “THz imaging and sensing for security applications - explosives, weapons and drugs,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), 266–280 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

Encyclopedic handbook of integrated optics, K. Iga and Y. Kokubun, Ed (CRC Press, 2006).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of domino waveguide. It is composed of aluminum metal bars and a conducting ground plane with structural parameters described in the text. The red sine curve vividly shows traveling of domino plasmonic wave along the top surface of domino waveguide.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Band dispersions of domino plasmon modes. The bands in figure (a) were calculated for one domino waveguide up to 25 GHz at different lateral width l. They were divided into three bunches of modes: the first and second order VH modes and the first order TH mode. The corresponding mode patterns illustrated by E fields in the xy plane at the slit center were plotted in the right figures (b), (c) and (d) at an example case of l = 9 mm and kxd = π. Here we didn’t plot the modes inside the light cone, for they are radiative and out of our interest.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematics of implemented domino plasmon devices. (a) a power divider, (b) a directional coupler, and (c) a waveguide ring resonator. The vertical brown rectangles denote wave energy feeding ports which are coincident with the end of a 3cm x 2cm waveguide in experiment. In simulation all the boundaries except for the bottom plane are set by radiation boundary conditions.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Simulation and experiment of a DP power divider. The left and right panels show the snapshots of amplitude of electric field at an example frequency of 6.32 and 8.00 GHz for simulation in (a) and (b) and experiment in (c) and (d), respectively. The field amplitude is normalized by the largest value. The fields were measured in a plane with 1 mm distance from the top surface of domino waveguides. The white strips in the figures denote the lengths of corresponding free-space wavelengths. The white dotted lines show the device profiles.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Simulation and experiment of a DP directional coupler. The left and right figures show the snapshots of amplitude of electric field at an example frequency of 6.96 GHz for simulation (a) and experiment in (b), respectively.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Simulation and experiment of a DP waveguide ring resonator. The left and right figures show the snapshots of amplitude of electric field at 6.8 GHz for simulation (a) and experiment in (b), respectively. The positions of input, output and drop ports are denoted in the figures.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Numerical spectra of energy transmitted through the output (Io) and drop (Id) ports for the waveguide ring resonator shown in Figs. 6. The y-axis is in arbitrary unit.

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