Abstract

The spontaneous Raman scattering cross sections of the main peaks (related to the A1 vibrational mode) in rapid and conventional grown potassium dihydrogen phosphate and deuterated crystals are measured at 532 nm, 355 nm, and 266 nm. The measurement involves the use of the Raman line of water centered at 3400 cm−1 as a reference to obtain relative values of the cross sections which are subsequently normalized against the known absolute value for water as a function of excitation wavelength. This measurement enables the estimation of the transverse stimulated Raman scattering gain of these nonlinear optical materials in various configurations suitable for frequency conversion and beam control in high-power, large-aperture laser systems.

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2011

2004

2002

J. D. Yoreo, A. Burnham, and P. Whitman, “Developing KH2PO4 and KD2PO4 crystals for the world’s most powerful laser,” Int. Mater. Rev. 47, 113–152 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999

V. N. Novikov, S. A. Bel’kov, S. A. Buiko, I. N. Voronich, D. G. Efimov, A. I. Zaretsky, G. G. Kochemasov, A. G. Kravchenko, S. M. Kulikov, V. A. Lebedev, G. P. Okutin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, and S. A. Sukharev, “Transverse SRS in KDP and KD*P crystals,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 1009–1018 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997

1995

S. A. Bel’kov, G. G. Kochemasov, S. M. Kulikov, V. N. Novikov, N. N. Rukavishnikov, S. A. Sukharev, I. N. Voronich, and A. I. Zaretski, “Stimulated Raman Scattering in Frequency Conversion Crystals,” Proc. SPIE 2633, 506–512 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. V. Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. E. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, “Transverse Stimulated Raman Scattering in KDP,” Proc. SPIE 2633, 501–505 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993

1992

1991

D. T. Kyrazis and T. L. Weiland, “Determination of SBS induced damage limits in large fused silica optics for intense, time varying laser pulses,” Proc. SPIE 1441, 469–477 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989

1987

1984

H. Tanaka, M. Tokunaga, and I. Tatsuzaki, “Internal Modes and the Local Symmetry of PO4 Tetrahedra in K(H1-xDx)2PO4 by Raman Scattering,” Solid State Commun. 49(2), 153–155 (1984).
[CrossRef]

V. Yu. Davydov and E. V. Chisler, “Influence of deuteration on the intensity in the Raman scattering spectrum and on the dynamics of hydrogen bonds in ferroelectric KH2PO4,” Sov. Phys. Solid State 26, 616–619 (1984).

S. Sugihara, M. Kishino, and M. Okami, “Contribution of Raman scattering to upward irradiance in the sea,” J. Oceanogr. Soc. Jpn 40(6), 397–404 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1978

N. Abe and M. Ito, “Effects of hydrogen bonding on the Raman intensities of methanol, ethanol, and water,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 7(3), 161–167 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1977

I. I. Kondilenko, P. A. Korotkov, V. A. Klimenko, and O. P. Demyanenko, “Transverse cross section of the Raman scattering of the n1 vibration of the water molecule in the liquid and gaseous states,” Opt. Spectrosc. 43, 384–386 (1977).

1976

1975

N. P. Romanov and V. S. Shuklin, “Raman scattering cross section of liquid water,” Opt. Spectrosc. 38, 646–648 (1975).

M. K. Srivastava and R. W. Grow, “Angular Dependent Raman Scattering Studies of KH2PO4,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 35(2), 264–268 (1975).
[CrossRef]

M. K. Srivastava and C. H. Wang, “Breakdown of lelection rules in the Raman Spectra of KDP*,” J. Chem. Phys. 62(9), 3439–3441 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1972

I. Reinhold and M. Maier, “Gain measurements of stimulated Raman scattering using a tunable dye laser,” Opt. Commun. 5(1), 31–34 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1971

B. Bendow and J. L. Birman, “Theory of Resonant Raman Scattering in Crystals: A Generalized Bare-Exciton Approach,” Phys. Rev. B 4(2), 569–583 (1971).
[CrossRef]

E. A. Popova, I. T. Savatinova, and I. A. Velichko, “Isotope Effect in the Raman Spectra of a KDKP Crystal,” Sov. Phys. Solid State 12, 1543–1546 (1971).

Y. Kato and H. Takuma, “Absolute Measurement of Raman Scattering Cross Sections of Liquids,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 61(3), 347–350 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1969

M. Maier, W. Kaiser, and J. Giordmaine, “Backward Stimulated Raman Scattering,” Phys. Rev. 177(2), 580–599 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1968

1965

R. Loudon, “Theory of the resonance Raman effect in crystals,” J. Phys. 26(11), 677–683 (1965).
[CrossRef]

1964

Abe, N.

N. Abe and M. Ito, “Effects of hydrogen bonding on the Raman intensities of methanol, ethanol, and water,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 7(3), 161–167 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Barker, C. E.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. V. Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. E. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, “Transverse Stimulated Raman Scattering in KDP,” Proc. SPIE 2633, 501–505 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bel’kov, S. A.

V. N. Novikov, S. A. Bel’kov, S. A. Buiko, I. N. Voronich, D. G. Efimov, A. I. Zaretsky, G. G. Kochemasov, A. G. Kravchenko, S. M. Kulikov, V. A. Lebedev, G. P. Okutin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, and S. A. Sukharev, “Transverse SRS in KDP and KD*P crystals,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 1009–1018 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Bel’kov, G. G. Kochemasov, S. M. Kulikov, V. N. Novikov, N. N. Rukavishnikov, S. A. Sukharev, I. N. Voronich, and A. I. Zaretski, “Stimulated Raman Scattering in Frequency Conversion Crystals,” Proc. SPIE 2633, 506–512 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bendow, B.

B. Bendow and J. L. Birman, “Theory of Resonant Raman Scattering in Crystals: A Generalized Bare-Exciton Approach,” Phys. Rev. B 4(2), 569–583 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Bibeau, C.

Bielecki, J. P.

Birman, J. L.

B. Bendow and J. L. Birman, “Theory of Resonant Raman Scattering in Crystals: A Generalized Bare-Exciton Approach,” Phys. Rev. B 4(2), 569–583 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Bliss, E.

Bromage, J.

Buiko, S. A.

V. N. Novikov, S. A. Bel’kov, S. A. Buiko, I. N. Voronich, D. G. Efimov, A. I. Zaretsky, G. G. Kochemasov, A. G. Kravchenko, S. M. Kulikov, V. A. Lebedev, G. P. Okutin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, and S. A. Sukharev, “Transverse SRS in KDP and KD*P crystals,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 1009–1018 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Burkhart, S. C.

Burnham, A.

J. D. Yoreo, A. Burnham, and P. Whitman, “Developing KH2PO4 and KD2PO4 crystals for the world’s most powerful laser,” Int. Mater. Rev. 47, 113–152 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Caird, J. A.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. V. Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. E. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, “Transverse Stimulated Raman Scattering in KDP,” Proc. SPIE 2633, 501–505 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Campbell, J. H.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. V. Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. E. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, “Transverse Stimulated Raman Scattering in KDP,” Proc. SPIE 2633, 501–505 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chisler, E. V.

V. Yu. Davydov and E. V. Chisler, “Influence of deuteration on the intensity in the Raman scattering spectrum and on the dynamics of hydrogen bonds in ferroelectric KH2PO4,” Sov. Phys. Solid State 26, 616–619 (1984).

Copeland, R. A.

Davydov, V. Yu.

V. Yu. Davydov and E. V. Chisler, “Influence of deuteration on the intensity in the Raman scattering spectrum and on the dynamics of hydrogen bonds in ferroelectric KH2PO4,” Sov. Phys. Solid State 26, 616–619 (1984).

Demyanenko, O. P.

I. I. Kondilenko, P. A. Korotkov, V. A. Klimenko, and O. P. Demyanenko, “Transverse cross section of the Raman scattering of the n1 vibration of the water molecule in the liquid and gaseous states,” Opt. Spectrosc. 43, 384–386 (1977).

Di Nicola, P.

Dixit, S. N.

Efimov, D. G.

V. N. Novikov, S. A. Bel’kov, S. A. Buiko, I. N. Voronich, D. G. Efimov, A. I. Zaretsky, G. G. Kochemasov, A. G. Kravchenko, S. M. Kulikov, V. A. Lebedev, G. P. Okutin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, and S. A. Sukharev, “Transverse SRS in KDP and KD*P crystals,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 1009–1018 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Eggleston, J. M.

Ehrlich, R. B.

Ehrlich, R. E.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. V. Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. E. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, “Transverse Stimulated Raman Scattering in KDP,” Proc. SPIE 2633, 501–505 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Faris, G. W.

Giordmaine, J.

M. Maier, W. Kaiser, and J. Giordmaine, “Backward Stimulated Raman Scattering,” Phys. Rev. 177(2), 580–599 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Grow, R. W.

M. K. Srivastava and R. W. Grow, “Angular Dependent Raman Scattering Studies of KH2PO4,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 35(2), 264–268 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Henesian, M. A.

Hickman, A. P.

Ito, M.

N. Abe and M. Ito, “Effects of hydrogen bonding on the Raman intensities of methanol, ethanol, and water,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 7(3), 161–167 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Jusinski, L. E.

Kaiser, W.

M. Maier, W. Kaiser, and J. Giordmaine, “Backward Stimulated Raman Scattering,” Phys. Rev. 177(2), 580–599 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Kalantar, D.

Kato, Y.

Kishino, M.

S. Sugihara, M. Kishino, and M. Okami, “Contribution of Raman scattering to upward irradiance in the sea,” J. Oceanogr. Soc. Jpn 40(6), 397–404 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Klimenko, V. A.

I. I. Kondilenko, P. A. Korotkov, V. A. Klimenko, and O. P. Demyanenko, “Transverse cross section of the Raman scattering of the n1 vibration of the water molecule in the liquid and gaseous states,” Opt. Spectrosc. 43, 384–386 (1977).

Kochemasov, G. G.

V. N. Novikov, S. A. Bel’kov, S. A. Buiko, I. N. Voronich, D. G. Efimov, A. I. Zaretsky, G. G. Kochemasov, A. G. Kravchenko, S. M. Kulikov, V. A. Lebedev, G. P. Okutin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, and S. A. Sukharev, “Transverse SRS in KDP and KD*P crystals,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 1009–1018 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Bel’kov, G. G. Kochemasov, S. M. Kulikov, V. N. Novikov, N. N. Rukavishnikov, S. A. Sukharev, I. N. Voronich, and A. I. Zaretski, “Stimulated Raman Scattering in Frequency Conversion Crystals,” Proc. SPIE 2633, 506–512 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kondilenko, I. I.

I. I. Kondilenko, P. A. Korotkov, V. A. Klimenko, and O. P. Demyanenko, “Transverse cross section of the Raman scattering of the n1 vibration of the water molecule in the liquid and gaseous states,” Opt. Spectrosc. 43, 384–386 (1977).

Korotkov, P. A.

I. I. Kondilenko, P. A. Korotkov, V. A. Klimenko, and O. P. Demyanenko, “Transverse cross section of the Raman scattering of the n1 vibration of the water molecule in the liquid and gaseous states,” Opt. Spectrosc. 43, 384–386 (1977).

Kravchenko, A. G.

V. N. Novikov, S. A. Bel’kov, S. A. Buiko, I. N. Voronich, D. G. Efimov, A. I. Zaretsky, G. G. Kochemasov, A. G. Kravchenko, S. M. Kulikov, V. A. Lebedev, G. P. Okutin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, and S. A. Sukharev, “Transverse SRS in KDP and KD*P crystals,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 1009–1018 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kulikov, S. M.

V. N. Novikov, S. A. Bel’kov, S. A. Buiko, I. N. Voronich, D. G. Efimov, A. I. Zaretsky, G. G. Kochemasov, A. G. Kravchenko, S. M. Kulikov, V. A. Lebedev, G. P. Okutin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, and S. A. Sukharev, “Transverse SRS in KDP and KD*P crystals,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 1009–1018 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Bel’kov, G. G. Kochemasov, S. M. Kulikov, V. N. Novikov, N. N. Rukavishnikov, S. A. Sukharev, I. N. Voronich, and A. I. Zaretski, “Stimulated Raman Scattering in Frequency Conversion Crystals,” Proc. SPIE 2633, 506–512 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kushner, M. J.

Kyle, K.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. V. Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. E. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, “Transverse Stimulated Raman Scattering in KDP,” Proc. SPIE 2633, 501–505 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kyrazis, D. T.

Langdon, A. B.

Lapp, M.

Laumann, C. W.

Lawson, J. K.

Lebedev, V. A.

V. N. Novikov, S. A. Bel’kov, S. A. Buiko, I. N. Voronich, D. G. Efimov, A. I. Zaretsky, G. G. Kochemasov, A. G. Kravchenko, S. M. Kulikov, V. A. Lebedev, G. P. Okutin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, and S. A. Sukharev, “Transverse SRS in KDP and KD*P crystals,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 1009–1018 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Loudon, R.

R. Loudon, “Theory of the resonance Raman effect in crystals,” J. Phys. 26(11), 677–683 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Lowe-Webb, R.

Luthi, R. L.

Maier, M.

I. Reinhold and M. Maier, “Gain measurements of stimulated Raman scattering using a tunable dye laser,” Opt. Commun. 5(1), 31–34 (1972).
[CrossRef]

M. Maier, W. Kaiser, and J. Giordmaine, “Backward Stimulated Raman Scattering,” Phys. Rev. 177(2), 580–599 (1969).
[CrossRef]

McCarville, T.

McClung, F. J.

Miller, G. H.

G. H. Miller, E. I. Moses, and C. R. Wuest, “The National Ignition Facility,” Opt. Eng. 43(12), 2841–2853 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Moses, E. I.

G. H. Miller, E. I. Moses, and C. R. Wuest, “The National Ignition Facility,” Opt. Eng. 43(12), 2841–2853 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Munro, D. H.

Murray, J. R.

Nelson, D.

Nielsen, N. D.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. V. Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. E. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, “Transverse Stimulated Raman Scattering in KDP,” Proc. SPIE 2633, 501–505 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nilsen, W. G.

Novikov, V. N.

V. N. Novikov, S. A. Bel’kov, S. A. Buiko, I. N. Voronich, D. G. Efimov, A. I. Zaretsky, G. G. Kochemasov, A. G. Kravchenko, S. M. Kulikov, V. A. Lebedev, G. P. Okutin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, and S. A. Sukharev, “Transverse SRS in KDP and KD*P crystals,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 1009–1018 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Bel’kov, G. G. Kochemasov, S. M. Kulikov, V. N. Novikov, N. N. Rukavishnikov, S. A. Sukharev, I. N. Voronich, and A. I. Zaretski, “Stimulated Raman Scattering in Frequency Conversion Crystals,” Proc. SPIE 2633, 506–512 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Okami, M.

S. Sugihara, M. Kishino, and M. Okami, “Contribution of Raman scattering to upward irradiance in the sea,” J. Oceanogr. Soc. Jpn 40(6), 397–404 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Okutin, G. P.

V. N. Novikov, S. A. Bel’kov, S. A. Buiko, I. N. Voronich, D. G. Efimov, A. I. Zaretsky, G. G. Kochemasov, A. G. Kravchenko, S. M. Kulikov, V. A. Lebedev, G. P. Okutin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, and S. A. Sukharev, “Transverse SRS in KDP and KD*P crystals,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 1009–1018 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Penney, C. M.

Popova, E. A.

E. A. Popova, I. T. Savatinova, and I. A. Velichko, “Isotope Effect in the Raman Spectra of a KDKP Crystal,” Sov. Phys. Solid State 12, 1543–1546 (1971).

Reinhold, I.

I. Reinhold and M. Maier, “Gain measurements of stimulated Raman scattering using a tunable dye laser,” Opt. Commun. 5(1), 31–34 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Romanov, N. P.

N. P. Romanov and V. S. Shuklin, “Raman scattering cross section of liquid water,” Opt. Spectrosc. 38, 646–648 (1975).

Rukavishnikov, N. N.

V. N. Novikov, S. A. Bel’kov, S. A. Buiko, I. N. Voronich, D. G. Efimov, A. I. Zaretsky, G. G. Kochemasov, A. G. Kravchenko, S. M. Kulikov, V. A. Lebedev, G. P. Okutin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, and S. A. Sukharev, “Transverse SRS in KDP and KD*P crystals,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 1009–1018 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Bel’kov, G. G. Kochemasov, S. M. Kulikov, V. N. Novikov, N. N. Rukavishnikov, S. A. Sukharev, I. N. Voronich, and A. I. Zaretski, “Stimulated Raman Scattering in Frequency Conversion Crystals,” Proc. SPIE 2633, 506–512 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sacks, R. A.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. V. Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. E. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, “Transverse Stimulated Raman Scattering in KDP,” Proc. SPIE 2633, 501–505 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Salmon, T.

Savatinova, I. T.

E. A. Popova, I. T. Savatinova, and I. A. Velichko, “Isotope Effect in the Raman Spectra of a KDKP Crystal,” Sov. Phys. Solid State 12, 1543–1546 (1971).

Schindler, T.

Shuklin, V. S.

N. P. Romanov and V. S. Shuklin, “Raman scattering cross section of liquid water,” Opt. Spectrosc. 38, 646–648 (1975).

Skinner, J. G.

Smith, J. R.

Speck, D. R.

Srivastava, M. K.

M. K. Srivastava and R. W. Grow, “Angular Dependent Raman Scattering Studies of KH2PO4,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 35(2), 264–268 (1975).
[CrossRef]

M. K. Srivastava and C. H. Wang, “Breakdown of lelection rules in the Raman Spectra of KDP*,” J. Chem. Phys. 62(9), 3439–3441 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Sugihara, S.

S. Sugihara, M. Kishino, and M. Okami, “Contribution of Raman scattering to upward irradiance in the sea,” J. Oceanogr. Soc. Jpn 40(6), 397–404 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Sukharev, S. A.

V. N. Novikov, S. A. Bel’kov, S. A. Buiko, I. N. Voronich, D. G. Efimov, A. I. Zaretsky, G. G. Kochemasov, A. G. Kravchenko, S. M. Kulikov, V. A. Lebedev, G. P. Okutin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, and S. A. Sukharev, “Transverse SRS in KDP and KD*P crystals,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 1009–1018 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Bel’kov, G. G. Kochemasov, S. M. Kulikov, V. N. Novikov, N. N. Rukavishnikov, S. A. Sukharev, I. N. Voronich, and A. I. Zaretski, “Stimulated Raman Scattering in Frequency Conversion Crystals,” Proc. SPIE 2633, 506–512 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Takuma, H.

Tanaka, H.

H. Tanaka, M. Tokunaga, and I. Tatsuzaki, “Internal Modes and the Local Symmetry of PO4 Tetrahedra in K(H1-xDx)2PO4 by Raman Scattering,” Solid State Commun. 49(2), 153–155 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Tatsuzaki, I.

H. Tanaka, M. Tokunaga, and I. Tatsuzaki, “Internal Modes and the Local Symmetry of PO4 Tetrahedra in K(H1-xDx)2PO4 by Raman Scattering,” Solid State Commun. 49(2), 153–155 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, C. E.

Tokunaga, M.

H. Tanaka, M. Tokunaga, and I. Tatsuzaki, “Internal Modes and the Local Symmetry of PO4 Tetrahedra in K(H1-xDx)2PO4 by Raman Scattering,” Solid State Commun. 49(2), 153–155 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Velichko, I. A.

E. A. Popova, I. T. Savatinova, and I. A. Velichko, “Isotope Effect in the Raman Spectra of a KDKP Crystal,” Sov. Phys. Solid State 12, 1543–1546 (1971).

Vickers, J. L.

Villanueva, J.

Voronich, I. N.

V. N. Novikov, S. A. Bel’kov, S. A. Buiko, I. N. Voronich, D. G. Efimov, A. I. Zaretsky, G. G. Kochemasov, A. G. Kravchenko, S. M. Kulikov, V. A. Lebedev, G. P. Okutin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, and S. A. Sukharev, “Transverse SRS in KDP and KD*P crystals,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 1009–1018 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Bel’kov, G. G. Kochemasov, S. M. Kulikov, V. N. Novikov, N. N. Rukavishnikov, S. A. Sukharev, I. N. Voronich, and A. I. Zaretski, “Stimulated Raman Scattering in Frequency Conversion Crystals,” Proc. SPIE 2633, 506–512 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. H.

M. K. Srivastava and C. H. Wang, “Breakdown of lelection rules in the Raman Spectra of KDP*,” J. Chem. Phys. 62(9), 3439–3441 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Wegner, P. J.

Weiland, T. L.

Weiner, D.

Whitman, P.

J. D. Yoreo, A. Burnham, and P. Whitman, “Developing KH2PO4 and KD2PO4 crystals for the world’s most powerful laser,” Int. Mater. Rev. 47, 113–152 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wilcox, R. B.

Wilhelmsen, K.

Wonterghem, B. M. V.

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. V. Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. E. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, “Transverse Stimulated Raman Scattering in KDP,” Proc. SPIE 2633, 501–505 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wuest, C. R.

G. H. Miller, E. I. Moses, and C. R. Wuest, “The National Ignition Facility,” Opt. Eng. 43(12), 2841–2853 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yang, S. T.

Yoreo, J. D.

J. D. Yoreo, A. Burnham, and P. Whitman, “Developing KH2PO4 and KD2PO4 crystals for the world’s most powerful laser,” Int. Mater. Rev. 47, 113–152 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zaretski, A. I.

S. A. Bel’kov, G. G. Kochemasov, S. M. Kulikov, V. N. Novikov, N. N. Rukavishnikov, S. A. Sukharev, I. N. Voronich, and A. I. Zaretski, “Stimulated Raman Scattering in Frequency Conversion Crystals,” Proc. SPIE 2633, 506–512 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Zaretsky, A. I.

V. N. Novikov, S. A. Bel’kov, S. A. Buiko, I. N. Voronich, D. G. Efimov, A. I. Zaretsky, G. G. Kochemasov, A. G. Kravchenko, S. M. Kulikov, V. A. Lebedev, G. P. Okutin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, and S. A. Sukharev, “Transverse SRS in KDP and KD*P crystals,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 1009–1018 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Chem. Phys. Lett.

M. K. Srivastava and R. W. Grow, “Angular Dependent Raman Scattering Studies of KH2PO4,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 35(2), 264–268 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Int. Mater. Rev.

J. D. Yoreo, A. Burnham, and P. Whitman, “Developing KH2PO4 and KD2PO4 crystals for the world’s most powerful laser,” Int. Mater. Rev. 47, 113–152 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys.

M. K. Srivastava and C. H. Wang, “Breakdown of lelection rules in the Raman Spectra of KDP*,” J. Chem. Phys. 62(9), 3439–3441 (1975).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Oceanogr. Soc. Jpn

S. Sugihara, M. Kishino, and M. Okami, “Contribution of Raman scattering to upward irradiance in the sea,” J. Oceanogr. Soc. Jpn 40(6), 397–404 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Phys.

R. Loudon, “Theory of the resonance Raman effect in crystals,” J. Phys. 26(11), 677–683 (1965).
[CrossRef]

J. Raman Spectrosc.

N. Abe and M. Ito, “Effects of hydrogen bonding on the Raman intensities of methanol, ethanol, and water,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 7(3), 161–167 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

I. Reinhold and M. Maier, “Gain measurements of stimulated Raman scattering using a tunable dye laser,” Opt. Commun. 5(1), 31–34 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng.

G. H. Miller, E. I. Moses, and C. R. Wuest, “The National Ignition Facility,” Opt. Eng. 43(12), 2841–2853 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Spectrosc.

N. P. Romanov and V. S. Shuklin, “Raman scattering cross section of liquid water,” Opt. Spectrosc. 38, 646–648 (1975).

I. I. Kondilenko, P. A. Korotkov, V. A. Klimenko, and O. P. Demyanenko, “Transverse cross section of the Raman scattering of the n1 vibration of the water molecule in the liquid and gaseous states,” Opt. Spectrosc. 43, 384–386 (1977).

Phys. Rev.

M. Maier, W. Kaiser, and J. Giordmaine, “Backward Stimulated Raman Scattering,” Phys. Rev. 177(2), 580–599 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

B. Bendow and J. L. Birman, “Theory of Resonant Raman Scattering in Crystals: A Generalized Bare-Exciton Approach,” Phys. Rev. B 4(2), 569–583 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

S. A. Bel’kov, G. G. Kochemasov, S. M. Kulikov, V. N. Novikov, N. N. Rukavishnikov, S. A. Sukharev, I. N. Voronich, and A. I. Zaretski, “Stimulated Raman Scattering in Frequency Conversion Crystals,” Proc. SPIE 2633, 506–512 (1995).
[CrossRef]

V. N. Novikov, S. A. Bel’kov, S. A. Buiko, I. N. Voronich, D. G. Efimov, A. I. Zaretsky, G. G. Kochemasov, A. G. Kravchenko, S. M. Kulikov, V. A. Lebedev, G. P. Okutin, N. N. Rukavishnikov, and S. A. Sukharev, “Transverse SRS in KDP and KD*P crystals,” Proc. SPIE 3492, 1009–1018 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Barker, R. A. Sacks, B. M. V. Wonterghem, J. A. Caird, J. R. Murray, J. H. Campbell, K. Kyle, R. E. Ehrlich, and N. D. Nielsen, “Transverse Stimulated Raman Scattering in KDP,” Proc. SPIE 2633, 501–505 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. T. Kyrazis and T. L. Weiland, “Determination of SBS induced damage limits in large fused silica optics for intense, time varying laser pulses,” Proc. SPIE 1441, 469–477 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Solid State Commun.

H. Tanaka, M. Tokunaga, and I. Tatsuzaki, “Internal Modes and the Local Symmetry of PO4 Tetrahedra in K(H1-xDx)2PO4 by Raman Scattering,” Solid State Commun. 49(2), 153–155 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. Solid State

V. Yu. Davydov and E. V. Chisler, “Influence of deuteration on the intensity in the Raman scattering spectrum and on the dynamics of hydrogen bonds in ferroelectric KH2PO4,” Sov. Phys. Solid State 26, 616–619 (1984).

E. A. Popova, I. T. Savatinova, and I. A. Velichko, “Isotope Effect in the Raman Spectra of a KDKP Crystal,” Sov. Phys. Solid State 12, 1543–1546 (1971).

Other

W. L. Smith, M. A. Henesian, and F. P. Milanovich, “Spontaneous and Stimulated Raman Scattering in KDP and Index-Matching Fluids,” 1983 Laser Program Annual Report (UCRL-50021–83), 6–61 to 6–69, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore CA (1984).

M. Cardona, “Resonance phenomena,” in Light Scattering in Solids II, Basic Concepts and Instrumentation, ed. by M. Cardona and G. Guntherodt, Vol. 50 of Topics in Applied Physics (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1982), Chap. 2.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram depicting the experimental system used to perform the Raman scattering measurements in the Z(XX)Y geometry. The incident kP and scattered kS light wave vectors are orthogonal to each other.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The spectra of the main Raman peaks of our samples (1: rapid, 2: conventional grown KDP, 3: 70% DKDP, 4: 99% DKDP) after normalization to the peak intensity of conventionally grown KDP plotted over the signal integration spectral range (100 cm−1 wide).

Tables (3)

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Table 1 The measured Raman scattering cross sections integrated over a 100 cm−1 spectral range centered at the main peaks of KDP/DKDP samples

Tables Icon

Table 2 Fitting parameters using a Lorentzian function of the main Raman lines in KDP/DKDP vs. excitation wavelength

Tables Icon

Table 3 Calculated TSRS gain for a2 tensor coupling element (XZZY geometry)

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

( d σ A dΩ ) 90 0 = ( F A F B ) ( n A n B ) 2 ( 1 R B 1 R A ) ( M B M A ) ( 1+ ρ A 1+ ρ B ) ( d σ B dΩ ) 90 0
g= 8πcM ω s 3 n 2 Δ ν ¯ dσ dΩ
S ij =( a c(Ψ) 0 c(Ψ) a 0 0 0 b )
c(Ψ)=a (2/3) 1/2 |cosΨ|

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