Abstract

The influence of the host matrix on the spectroscopic and laser properties of Nd3+ in a K-Ba-Al phosphate glass has been investigated as a function of rare-earth concentration. Site-selective time resolved laser spectroscopy and stimulated emission experiments under selective wavelength laser pumping show the existence of a very complex crystal field site distribution of Nd3+ ions in this glass. The peak of the broad stimulated 4F3/24I11/2 emission shifts in a non monotonous way up to 3 nm as a function of the excitation wavelength. This behavior can be explained by the relatively moderate inter-site energy transfer among Nd3+ ions found in this system and measured by using fluorescence line narrowing spectroscopy. The best slope efficiency obtained for the laser emission was 40%.

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  1. F. J. Duarte, Tunable laser applications (CRC, New York, 2009).
  2. M. J. Weber, “Science and technology of laser glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 123(1-3), 208–222 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. J. Weber, “Fluorescence and glass lasers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 47(1), 117–133 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. A. Riseberg, “Laser-Induced Fluorescence-Line-Narrowing Spectroscopy of Glass: Nd,” Phys. Rev. A 7(2), 671–678 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. J. Weber, “Laser Excited Fluorescence Spectroscopy in Glass,” in Laser Spectroscopy of Solids, W.M. Yen and P.M. Selzer, eds. (Springer, Berlin, 1981), pp. 189–239.
  6. S. A. Brawer and M. J. Weber, “Observation of fluorescence line narrowing, hole burning, and ion-ion energy transfer in neodymium laser glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 35(1), 31–33 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. H. Campbell and T. I. Suratwala, “Nd-doped phosphate glasses for high-energy/high-peak-power lasers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263&264(1-2), 318–341 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. Balakrishnaiah, P. Babu, C. K. Jayasankar, A. S. Joshi, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Optical and luminescence properties of Nd3+ ions in K–Ba–Al-phosphate and fluorophosphate glasses,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(1), 165–179 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. W. F. Krupke, “Induced emission cross-sections in neodymium laser glasses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10(4), 450–457 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. Balda, J. Fernández, M. Sanz, A. de Pablos, J. M. Fdez-Navarro, and J. Mugnier, “Laser spectroscopy of Nd3+ ions in GeO2-PbO-Bi2O3 glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 61(5), 3384–3390 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  11. T. T. Basiev, V. A. Malyshev, and A. K. Prhvuskii, “Spectral Migration of Excitations in Rare-Earth Activated Glasses,” in Spectroscopy of Solids Containing Rare Earth Ions, A.A. Kaplyanskii and R.M. Macfarlane, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1987), pp. 275–341.
  12. L. M. Lacha, R. Balda, J. Fernández, and J. L. Adam, “Time-resolved fluorescence line narrowing spectroscopy and fluorescence quenching in Nd3+-doped fluoroarsenate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 25(2), 193–200 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. Balda, M. Sanz, J. Fernández, and J. M. Fdez-Navarro, “Energy transfer and upconversion processes in Nd3+-doped GeO2–PbO–Nb2O5 glass,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(10), 1671–1677 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

R. Balakrishnaiah, P. Babu, C. K. Jayasankar, A. S. Joshi, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Optical and luminescence properties of Nd3+ ions in K–Ba–Al-phosphate and fluorophosphate glasses,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(1), 165–179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

L. M. Lacha, R. Balda, J. Fernández, and J. L. Adam, “Time-resolved fluorescence line narrowing spectroscopy and fluorescence quenching in Nd3+-doped fluoroarsenate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 25(2), 193–200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

R. Balda, M. Sanz, J. Fernández, and J. M. Fdez-Navarro, “Energy transfer and upconversion processes in Nd3+-doped GeO2–PbO–Nb2O5 glass,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(10), 1671–1677 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Campbell and T. I. Suratwala, “Nd-doped phosphate glasses for high-energy/high-peak-power lasers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263&264(1-2), 318–341 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Balda, J. Fernández, M. Sanz, A. de Pablos, J. M. Fdez-Navarro, and J. Mugnier, “Laser spectroscopy of Nd3+ ions in GeO2-PbO-Bi2O3 glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 61(5), 3384–3390 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

M. J. Weber, “Science and technology of laser glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 123(1-3), 208–222 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

M. J. Weber, “Fluorescence and glass lasers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 47(1), 117–133 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

S. A. Brawer and M. J. Weber, “Observation of fluorescence line narrowing, hole burning, and ion-ion energy transfer in neodymium laser glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 35(1), 31–33 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

W. F. Krupke, “Induced emission cross-sections in neodymium laser glasses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10(4), 450–457 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

L. A. Riseberg, “Laser-Induced Fluorescence-Line-Narrowing Spectroscopy of Glass: Nd,” Phys. Rev. A 7(2), 671–678 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Adam, J. L.

L. M. Lacha, R. Balda, J. Fernández, and J. L. Adam, “Time-resolved fluorescence line narrowing spectroscopy and fluorescence quenching in Nd3+-doped fluoroarsenate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 25(2), 193–200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Babu, P.

R. Balakrishnaiah, P. Babu, C. K. Jayasankar, A. S. Joshi, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Optical and luminescence properties of Nd3+ ions in K–Ba–Al-phosphate and fluorophosphate glasses,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(1), 165–179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Balakrishnaiah, R.

R. Balakrishnaiah, P. Babu, C. K. Jayasankar, A. S. Joshi, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Optical and luminescence properties of Nd3+ ions in K–Ba–Al-phosphate and fluorophosphate glasses,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(1), 165–179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Balda, R.

L. M. Lacha, R. Balda, J. Fernández, and J. L. Adam, “Time-resolved fluorescence line narrowing spectroscopy and fluorescence quenching in Nd3+-doped fluoroarsenate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 25(2), 193–200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Balda, M. Sanz, J. Fernández, and J. M. Fdez-Navarro, “Energy transfer and upconversion processes in Nd3+-doped GeO2–PbO–Nb2O5 glass,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(10), 1671–1677 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Balda, J. Fernández, M. Sanz, A. de Pablos, J. M. Fdez-Navarro, and J. Mugnier, “Laser spectroscopy of Nd3+ ions in GeO2-PbO-Bi2O3 glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 61(5), 3384–3390 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bettinelli, M.

R. Balakrishnaiah, P. Babu, C. K. Jayasankar, A. S. Joshi, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Optical and luminescence properties of Nd3+ ions in K–Ba–Al-phosphate and fluorophosphate glasses,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(1), 165–179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Brawer, S. A.

S. A. Brawer and M. J. Weber, “Observation of fluorescence line narrowing, hole burning, and ion-ion energy transfer in neodymium laser glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 35(1), 31–33 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Campbell, J. H.

J. H. Campbell and T. I. Suratwala, “Nd-doped phosphate glasses for high-energy/high-peak-power lasers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263&264(1-2), 318–341 (2000).
[CrossRef]

de Pablos, A.

R. Balda, J. Fernández, M. Sanz, A. de Pablos, J. M. Fdez-Navarro, and J. Mugnier, “Laser spectroscopy of Nd3+ ions in GeO2-PbO-Bi2O3 glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 61(5), 3384–3390 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fdez-Navarro, J. M.

R. Balda, J. Fernández, M. Sanz, A. de Pablos, J. M. Fdez-Navarro, and J. Mugnier, “Laser spectroscopy of Nd3+ ions in GeO2-PbO-Bi2O3 glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 61(5), 3384–3390 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Balda, M. Sanz, J. Fernández, and J. M. Fdez-Navarro, “Energy transfer and upconversion processes in Nd3+-doped GeO2–PbO–Nb2O5 glass,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(10), 1671–1677 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fernández, J.

L. M. Lacha, R. Balda, J. Fernández, and J. L. Adam, “Time-resolved fluorescence line narrowing spectroscopy and fluorescence quenching in Nd3+-doped fluoroarsenate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 25(2), 193–200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Balda, M. Sanz, J. Fernández, and J. M. Fdez-Navarro, “Energy transfer and upconversion processes in Nd3+-doped GeO2–PbO–Nb2O5 glass,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(10), 1671–1677 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Balda, J. Fernández, M. Sanz, A. de Pablos, J. M. Fdez-Navarro, and J. Mugnier, “Laser spectroscopy of Nd3+ ions in GeO2-PbO-Bi2O3 glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 61(5), 3384–3390 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jayasankar, C. K.

R. Balakrishnaiah, P. Babu, C. K. Jayasankar, A. S. Joshi, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Optical and luminescence properties of Nd3+ ions in K–Ba–Al-phosphate and fluorophosphate glasses,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(1), 165–179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Joshi, A. S.

R. Balakrishnaiah, P. Babu, C. K. Jayasankar, A. S. Joshi, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Optical and luminescence properties of Nd3+ ions in K–Ba–Al-phosphate and fluorophosphate glasses,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(1), 165–179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. F.

W. F. Krupke, “Induced emission cross-sections in neodymium laser glasses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10(4), 450–457 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Lacha, L. M.

L. M. Lacha, R. Balda, J. Fernández, and J. L. Adam, “Time-resolved fluorescence line narrowing spectroscopy and fluorescence quenching in Nd3+-doped fluoroarsenate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 25(2), 193–200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mugnier, J.

R. Balda, J. Fernández, M. Sanz, A. de Pablos, J. M. Fdez-Navarro, and J. Mugnier, “Laser spectroscopy of Nd3+ ions in GeO2-PbO-Bi2O3 glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 61(5), 3384–3390 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Riseberg, L. A.

L. A. Riseberg, “Laser-Induced Fluorescence-Line-Narrowing Spectroscopy of Glass: Nd,” Phys. Rev. A 7(2), 671–678 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Sanz, M.

R. Balda, M. Sanz, J. Fernández, and J. M. Fdez-Navarro, “Energy transfer and upconversion processes in Nd3+-doped GeO2–PbO–Nb2O5 glass,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(10), 1671–1677 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Balda, J. Fernández, M. Sanz, A. de Pablos, J. M. Fdez-Navarro, and J. Mugnier, “Laser spectroscopy of Nd3+ ions in GeO2-PbO-Bi2O3 glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 61(5), 3384–3390 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Speghini, A.

R. Balakrishnaiah, P. Babu, C. K. Jayasankar, A. S. Joshi, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Optical and luminescence properties of Nd3+ ions in K–Ba–Al-phosphate and fluorophosphate glasses,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(1), 165–179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Suratwala, T. I.

J. H. Campbell and T. I. Suratwala, “Nd-doped phosphate glasses for high-energy/high-peak-power lasers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263&264(1-2), 318–341 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Weber, M. J.

M. J. Weber, “Science and technology of laser glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 123(1-3), 208–222 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Weber, “Fluorescence and glass lasers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 47(1), 117–133 (1982).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Brawer and M. J. Weber, “Observation of fluorescence line narrowing, hole burning, and ion-ion energy transfer in neodymium laser glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 35(1), 31–33 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. A. Brawer and M. J. Weber, “Observation of fluorescence line narrowing, hole burning, and ion-ion energy transfer in neodymium laser glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 35(1), 31–33 (1979).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

W. F. Krupke, “Induced emission cross-sections in neodymium laser glasses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10(4), 450–457 (1974).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (3)

J. H. Campbell and T. I. Suratwala, “Nd-doped phosphate glasses for high-energy/high-peak-power lasers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 263&264(1-2), 318–341 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Weber, “Science and technology of laser glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 123(1-3), 208–222 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Weber, “Fluorescence and glass lasers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 47(1), 117–133 (1982).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

R. Balakrishnaiah, P. Babu, C. K. Jayasankar, A. S. Joshi, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Optical and luminescence properties of Nd3+ ions in K–Ba–Al-phosphate and fluorophosphate glasses,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 18(1), 165–179 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Mater. (1)

L. M. Lacha, R. Balda, J. Fernández, and J. L. Adam, “Time-resolved fluorescence line narrowing spectroscopy and fluorescence quenching in Nd3+-doped fluoroarsenate glasses,” Opt. Mater. 25(2), 193–200 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

L. A. Riseberg, “Laser-Induced Fluorescence-Line-Narrowing Spectroscopy of Glass: Nd,” Phys. Rev. A 7(2), 671–678 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

R. Balda, J. Fernández, M. Sanz, A. de Pablos, J. M. Fdez-Navarro, and J. Mugnier, “Laser spectroscopy of Nd3+ ions in GeO2-PbO-Bi2O3 glasses,” Phys. Rev. B 61(5), 3384–3390 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

T. T. Basiev, V. A. Malyshev, and A. K. Prhvuskii, “Spectral Migration of Excitations in Rare-Earth Activated Glasses,” in Spectroscopy of Solids Containing Rare Earth Ions, A.A. Kaplyanskii and R.M. Macfarlane, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1987), pp. 275–341.

M. J. Weber, “Laser Excited Fluorescence Spectroscopy in Glass,” in Laser Spectroscopy of Solids, W.M. Yen and P.M. Selzer, eds. (Springer, Berlin, 1981), pp. 189–239.

F. J. Duarte, Tunable laser applications (CRC, New York, 2009).

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