Abstract

We demonstrate Au-nanoparticle-assisted random lasing from a powdered GaN sample. In the presence of Au nanoparticles on GaN powder surfaces, several lasing lines are observed in photoexcited luminescence spectra near the center of the GaN band-edge emission peak. The random lasing is considered to arise from a decrease in the lasing threshold due to the suppression of crystal defect loss by surface plasmon excitation on Au. From spatially resolved lasing emission spectra and their FT analysis results, the formation of random lasing cavities at different spatial positions is confirmed. The size of the random lasing spot is determined to be larger than that of the scattered light speckle of the pumping source on a thin powdered GaN sample.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. A. Noginov, Solid-State Random Lasers (Springer, New York, 2005).
  2. H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, "Spatial confinement of laser light in active random media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278-2281 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Y. Yang, S. F. Yu, S. P. Lau, S. H. Tsang, G. Z. Xing, and T. Wu, "Ultraviolet coherent random lasing in randomly assembled SnO2 nanowires," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 241121 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Sasaki, Y. Inose, K. Ema, T. Ohtsuki, H. Sekiguchi, A. Kikuchi, and K. Kishino, "Random laser action in GaN nanocolumns," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 151109 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, I. Fowlkes, and M. Bahoura, "GaAs random laser," Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 291-293 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. Takahashi, T. Nakamura, and S. Adachi, "Blue-light-emitting ZnSe random laser," Opt. Lett. 34, 3923-3925 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. H. Y. Lin, C. L. Cheng, Y. Y. Chou, L. L. Huang, and Y. F. Chen, "Enhancement of band gap emission stimulated by defect loss," Opt. Express 14, 2372-2379 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. T.-H. Lin, T.-T. Chen, C.-L. Cheng, H.-Y. Lin, and Y.-F. Chen, "Selectively enhanced band gap emission in ZnO/Ag2O nanocomposites," Opt. Express 17, 4342-2379 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. C. W. Cheng, E. J. Sie, B. Liu, C. H. A. Huan, T. C. Sum, H. D. Sun, and H. J. Fan, "Surface plasmon enhanced band edge luminescence of ZnO nanorods by capping Au nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 071107 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. O. Popov, A. Zilbershtein, and D. Davidov, "Random lasing form dye-gold nanoparticles in polymer films: Enhanced at the surface-plasmon-resonance wavelength," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 191116 (2006).
  11. G. D. Dice, S. Mujumdar, and A. Y. Elezzab, "Plasmonically enhanced diffusive and subdiffusive metal nanoparticles-dye random laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 13110 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Kumar, S. F. Yu, and X. F. Li, "Random laser action in dielectric-metal-dielectric surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 231114 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Tulek, R. C. Polson, and Z. V. Vardeny, "Naturally occurring resonators in random lasing of π-conjugated polymer films," Nat. Phys. 6, 303-310 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. Fallert, R. J. B. Dietz, J. Sartor, D. Schneider, C. Klingshirn, and H. Kalt, "Co-existence of strongly and weakly localized random laser modes," Nat. Photonics 3, 279-248 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  15. R. G. S. El-Dardiry, A. P. Mosk, O. L. Muskens, and A. Lagendijk, "Experimental studies on the mode structure of random lasers," Phys. Rev. A 81, 043830 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  16. T. Karakouz, A. B. Tesler, T. A. Bendikov, A. Vaskevich, and I. Rubinstein, "Highly stable localized plasmon transducers obtained by thermal embedding of gold island films on glass," Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 20, 3893-3899 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. A. Reshchikov, and H. Morkoc, "Luminescence properties of defects in GaN," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 061301 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  18. S. Mujumdar, V. Türck, R. Torre, and D. S. Wiersma, "Chaotic behavior of a random laser with static disorder," Phys. Rev. A 76, 0338071 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  19. X. Wu, and H. Cao, "Statistics of random lasing modes in weakly scattering systems," Opt. Lett. 32, 3089-3091 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. S. Adachi, Handbook on Physical Properties of Semiconductors (Springer, New York, 2004).
  21. T. Takahashi, T. Nakamura, and S. Adachi, "Blue-emitting ZnSe random laser," Proc. SPIE 7597, 75971T (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  22. B. Shapiro, "Large intensity fluctuations for wave propagation in random media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2168-2171 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (5)

M. Sasaki, Y. Inose, K. Ema, T. Ohtsuki, H. Sekiguchi, A. Kikuchi, and K. Kishino, "Random laser action in GaN nanocolumns," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 151109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Cheng, E. J. Sie, B. Liu, C. H. A. Huan, T. C. Sum, H. D. Sun, and H. J. Fan, "Surface plasmon enhanced band edge luminescence of ZnO nanorods by capping Au nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 071107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Tulek, R. C. Polson, and Z. V. Vardeny, "Naturally occurring resonators in random lasing of π-conjugated polymer films," Nat. Phys. 6, 303-310 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. G. S. El-Dardiry, A. P. Mosk, O. L. Muskens, and A. Lagendijk, "Experimental studies on the mode structure of random lasers," Phys. Rev. A 81, 043830 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Takahashi, T. Nakamura, and S. Adachi, "Blue-emitting ZnSe random laser," Proc. SPIE 7597, 75971T (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (5)

J. Fallert, R. J. B. Dietz, J. Sartor, D. Schneider, C. Klingshirn, and H. Kalt, "Co-existence of strongly and weakly localized random laser modes," Nat. Photonics 3, 279-248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T.-H. Lin, T.-T. Chen, C.-L. Cheng, H.-Y. Lin, and Y.-F. Chen, "Selectively enhanced band gap emission in ZnO/Ag2O nanocomposites," Opt. Express 17, 4342-2379 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kumar, S. F. Yu, and X. F. Li, "Random laser action in dielectric-metal-dielectric surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 231114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Takahashi, T. Nakamura, and S. Adachi, "Blue-light-emitting ZnSe random laser," Opt. Lett. 34, 3923-3925 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Y. Yang, S. F. Yu, S. P. Lau, S. H. Tsang, G. Z. Xing, and T. Wu, "Ultraviolet coherent random lasing in randomly assembled SnO2 nanowires," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 241121 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

T. Karakouz, A. B. Tesler, T. A. Bendikov, A. Vaskevich, and I. Rubinstein, "Highly stable localized plasmon transducers obtained by thermal embedding of gold island films on glass," Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 20, 3893-3899 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

S. Mujumdar, V. Türck, R. Torre, and D. S. Wiersma, "Chaotic behavior of a random laser with static disorder," Phys. Rev. A 76, 0338071 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Wu, and H. Cao, "Statistics of random lasing modes in weakly scattering systems," Opt. Lett. 32, 3089-3091 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

H. Y. Lin, C. L. Cheng, Y. Y. Chou, L. L. Huang, and Y. F. Chen, "Enhancement of band gap emission stimulated by defect loss," Opt. Express 14, 2372-2379 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Popov, A. Zilbershtein, and D. Davidov, "Random lasing form dye-gold nanoparticles in polymer films: Enhanced at the surface-plasmon-resonance wavelength," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 191116 (2006).

2005 (2)

G. D. Dice, S. Mujumdar, and A. Y. Elezzab, "Plasmonically enhanced diffusive and subdiffusive metal nanoparticles-dye random laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 13110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Reshchikov, and H. Morkoc, "Luminescence properties of defects in GaN," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 061301 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, I. Fowlkes, and M. Bahoura, "GaAs random laser," Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 291-293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, "Spatial confinement of laser light in active random media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278-2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

B. Shapiro, "Large intensity fluctuations for wave propagation in random media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2168-2171 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adachi, S.

T. Takahashi, T. Nakamura, and S. Adachi, "Blue-emitting ZnSe random laser," Proc. SPIE 7597, 75971T (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Takahashi, T. Nakamura, and S. Adachi, "Blue-light-emitting ZnSe random laser," Opt. Lett. 34, 3923-3925 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bahoura, M.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, I. Fowlkes, and M. Bahoura, "GaAs random laser," Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 291-293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bendikov, T. A.

T. Karakouz, A. B. Tesler, T. A. Bendikov, A. Vaskevich, and I. Rubinstein, "Highly stable localized plasmon transducers obtained by thermal embedding of gold island films on glass," Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 20, 3893-3899 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cao, H.

X. Wu, and H. Cao, "Statistics of random lasing modes in weakly scattering systems," Opt. Lett. 32, 3089-3091 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, "Spatial confinement of laser light in active random media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278-2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chang, R. P. H.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, "Spatial confinement of laser light in active random media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278-2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chen, T.-T.

T.-H. Lin, T.-T. Chen, C.-L. Cheng, H.-Y. Lin, and Y.-F. Chen, "Selectively enhanced band gap emission in ZnO/Ag2O nanocomposites," Opt. Express 17, 4342-2379 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Y. F.

H. Y. Lin, C. L. Cheng, Y. Y. Chou, L. L. Huang, and Y. F. Chen, "Enhancement of band gap emission stimulated by defect loss," Opt. Express 14, 2372-2379 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.-F.

T.-H. Lin, T.-T. Chen, C.-L. Cheng, H.-Y. Lin, and Y.-F. Chen, "Selectively enhanced band gap emission in ZnO/Ag2O nanocomposites," Opt. Express 17, 4342-2379 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cheng, C. L.

H. Y. Lin, C. L. Cheng, Y. Y. Chou, L. L. Huang, and Y. F. Chen, "Enhancement of band gap emission stimulated by defect loss," Opt. Express 14, 2372-2379 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cheng, C. W.

C. W. Cheng, E. J. Sie, B. Liu, C. H. A. Huan, T. C. Sum, H. D. Sun, and H. J. Fan, "Surface plasmon enhanced band edge luminescence of ZnO nanorods by capping Au nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 071107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, C.-L.

T.-H. Lin, T.-T. Chen, C.-L. Cheng, H.-Y. Lin, and Y.-F. Chen, "Selectively enhanced band gap emission in ZnO/Ag2O nanocomposites," Opt. Express 17, 4342-2379 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chou, Y. Y.

H. Y. Lin, C. L. Cheng, Y. Y. Chou, L. L. Huang, and Y. F. Chen, "Enhancement of band gap emission stimulated by defect loss," Opt. Express 14, 2372-2379 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Davidov, D.

O. Popov, A. Zilbershtein, and D. Davidov, "Random lasing form dye-gold nanoparticles in polymer films: Enhanced at the surface-plasmon-resonance wavelength," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 191116 (2006).

Dice, G. D.

G. D. Dice, S. Mujumdar, and A. Y. Elezzab, "Plasmonically enhanced diffusive and subdiffusive metal nanoparticles-dye random laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 13110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dietz, R. J. B.

J. Fallert, R. J. B. Dietz, J. Sartor, D. Schneider, C. Klingshirn, and H. Kalt, "Co-existence of strongly and weakly localized random laser modes," Nat. Photonics 3, 279-248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

El-Dardiry, R. G. S.

R. G. S. El-Dardiry, A. P. Mosk, O. L. Muskens, and A. Lagendijk, "Experimental studies on the mode structure of random lasers," Phys. Rev. A 81, 043830 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Elezzab, A. Y.

G. D. Dice, S. Mujumdar, and A. Y. Elezzab, "Plasmonically enhanced diffusive and subdiffusive metal nanoparticles-dye random laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 13110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ema, K.

M. Sasaki, Y. Inose, K. Ema, T. Ohtsuki, H. Sekiguchi, A. Kikuchi, and K. Kishino, "Random laser action in GaN nanocolumns," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 151109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fallert, J.

J. Fallert, R. J. B. Dietz, J. Sartor, D. Schneider, C. Klingshirn, and H. Kalt, "Co-existence of strongly and weakly localized random laser modes," Nat. Photonics 3, 279-248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fan, H. J.

C. W. Cheng, E. J. Sie, B. Liu, C. H. A. Huan, T. C. Sum, H. D. Sun, and H. J. Fan, "Surface plasmon enhanced band edge luminescence of ZnO nanorods by capping Au nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 071107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fowlkes, I.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, I. Fowlkes, and M. Bahoura, "GaAs random laser," Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 291-293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ho, S. T.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, "Spatial confinement of laser light in active random media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278-2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Huan, C. H. A.

C. W. Cheng, E. J. Sie, B. Liu, C. H. A. Huan, T. C. Sum, H. D. Sun, and H. J. Fan, "Surface plasmon enhanced band edge luminescence of ZnO nanorods by capping Au nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 071107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huang, L. L.

H. Y. Lin, C. L. Cheng, Y. Y. Chou, L. L. Huang, and Y. F. Chen, "Enhancement of band gap emission stimulated by defect loss," Opt. Express 14, 2372-2379 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Inose, Y.

M. Sasaki, Y. Inose, K. Ema, T. Ohtsuki, H. Sekiguchi, A. Kikuchi, and K. Kishino, "Random laser action in GaN nanocolumns," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 151109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kalt, H.

J. Fallert, R. J. B. Dietz, J. Sartor, D. Schneider, C. Klingshirn, and H. Kalt, "Co-existence of strongly and weakly localized random laser modes," Nat. Photonics 3, 279-248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Karakouz, T.

T. Karakouz, A. B. Tesler, T. A. Bendikov, A. Vaskevich, and I. Rubinstein, "Highly stable localized plasmon transducers obtained by thermal embedding of gold island films on glass," Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 20, 3893-3899 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kikuchi, A.

M. Sasaki, Y. Inose, K. Ema, T. Ohtsuki, H. Sekiguchi, A. Kikuchi, and K. Kishino, "Random laser action in GaN nanocolumns," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 151109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kishino, K.

M. Sasaki, Y. Inose, K. Ema, T. Ohtsuki, H. Sekiguchi, A. Kikuchi, and K. Kishino, "Random laser action in GaN nanocolumns," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 151109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Klingshirn, C.

J. Fallert, R. J. B. Dietz, J. Sartor, D. Schneider, C. Klingshirn, and H. Kalt, "Co-existence of strongly and weakly localized random laser modes," Nat. Photonics 3, 279-248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, A.

A. Kumar, S. F. Yu, and X. F. Li, "Random laser action in dielectric-metal-dielectric surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 231114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lagendijk, A.

R. G. S. El-Dardiry, A. P. Mosk, O. L. Muskens, and A. Lagendijk, "Experimental studies on the mode structure of random lasers," Phys. Rev. A 81, 043830 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lau, S. P.

H. Y. Yang, S. F. Yu, S. P. Lau, S. H. Tsang, G. Z. Xing, and T. Wu, "Ultraviolet coherent random lasing in randomly assembled SnO2 nanowires," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 241121 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, X. F.

A. Kumar, S. F. Yu, and X. F. Li, "Random laser action in dielectric-metal-dielectric surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 231114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lin, H. Y.

H. Y. Lin, C. L. Cheng, Y. Y. Chou, L. L. Huang, and Y. F. Chen, "Enhancement of band gap emission stimulated by defect loss," Opt. Express 14, 2372-2379 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, H.-Y.

T.-H. Lin, T.-T. Chen, C.-L. Cheng, H.-Y. Lin, and Y.-F. Chen, "Selectively enhanced band gap emission in ZnO/Ag2O nanocomposites," Opt. Express 17, 4342-2379 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, T.-H.

T.-H. Lin, T.-T. Chen, C.-L. Cheng, H.-Y. Lin, and Y.-F. Chen, "Selectively enhanced band gap emission in ZnO/Ag2O nanocomposites," Opt. Express 17, 4342-2379 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, B.

C. W. Cheng, E. J. Sie, B. Liu, C. H. A. Huan, T. C. Sum, H. D. Sun, and H. J. Fan, "Surface plasmon enhanced band edge luminescence of ZnO nanorods by capping Au nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 071107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Morkoc, H.

M. A. Reshchikov, and H. Morkoc, "Luminescence properties of defects in GaN," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 061301 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mosk, A. P.

R. G. S. El-Dardiry, A. P. Mosk, O. L. Muskens, and A. Lagendijk, "Experimental studies on the mode structure of random lasers," Phys. Rev. A 81, 043830 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mujumdar, S.

S. Mujumdar, V. Türck, R. Torre, and D. S. Wiersma, "Chaotic behavior of a random laser with static disorder," Phys. Rev. A 76, 0338071 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Dice, S. Mujumdar, and A. Y. Elezzab, "Plasmonically enhanced diffusive and subdiffusive metal nanoparticles-dye random laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 13110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Muskens, O. L.

R. G. S. El-Dardiry, A. P. Mosk, O. L. Muskens, and A. Lagendijk, "Experimental studies on the mode structure of random lasers," Phys. Rev. A 81, 043830 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, T.

T. Takahashi, T. Nakamura, and S. Adachi, "Blue-emitting ZnSe random laser," Proc. SPIE 7597, 75971T (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Takahashi, T. Nakamura, and S. Adachi, "Blue-light-emitting ZnSe random laser," Opt. Lett. 34, 3923-3925 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Noginov, M. A.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, I. Fowlkes, and M. Bahoura, "GaAs random laser," Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 291-293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ohtsuki, T.

M. Sasaki, Y. Inose, K. Ema, T. Ohtsuki, H. Sekiguchi, A. Kikuchi, and K. Kishino, "Random laser action in GaN nanocolumns," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 151109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Polson, R. C.

A. Tulek, R. C. Polson, and Z. V. Vardeny, "Naturally occurring resonators in random lasing of π-conjugated polymer films," Nat. Phys. 6, 303-310 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Popov, O.

O. Popov, A. Zilbershtein, and D. Davidov, "Random lasing form dye-gold nanoparticles in polymer films: Enhanced at the surface-plasmon-resonance wavelength," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 191116 (2006).

Reshchikov, M. A.

M. A. Reshchikov, and H. Morkoc, "Luminescence properties of defects in GaN," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 061301 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rubinstein, I.

T. Karakouz, A. B. Tesler, T. A. Bendikov, A. Vaskevich, and I. Rubinstein, "Highly stable localized plasmon transducers obtained by thermal embedding of gold island films on glass," Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 20, 3893-3899 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sartor, J.

J. Fallert, R. J. B. Dietz, J. Sartor, D. Schneider, C. Klingshirn, and H. Kalt, "Co-existence of strongly and weakly localized random laser modes," Nat. Photonics 3, 279-248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, M.

M. Sasaki, Y. Inose, K. Ema, T. Ohtsuki, H. Sekiguchi, A. Kikuchi, and K. Kishino, "Random laser action in GaN nanocolumns," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 151109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Schneider, D.

J. Fallert, R. J. B. Dietz, J. Sartor, D. Schneider, C. Klingshirn, and H. Kalt, "Co-existence of strongly and weakly localized random laser modes," Nat. Photonics 3, 279-248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Seelig, E. W.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, "Spatial confinement of laser light in active random media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278-2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sekiguchi, H.

M. Sasaki, Y. Inose, K. Ema, T. Ohtsuki, H. Sekiguchi, A. Kikuchi, and K. Kishino, "Random laser action in GaN nanocolumns," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 151109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shapiro, B.

B. Shapiro, "Large intensity fluctuations for wave propagation in random media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2168-2171 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sie, E. J.

C. W. Cheng, E. J. Sie, B. Liu, C. H. A. Huan, T. C. Sum, H. D. Sun, and H. J. Fan, "Surface plasmon enhanced band edge luminescence of ZnO nanorods by capping Au nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 071107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sum, T. C.

C. W. Cheng, E. J. Sie, B. Liu, C. H. A. Huan, T. C. Sum, H. D. Sun, and H. J. Fan, "Surface plasmon enhanced band edge luminescence of ZnO nanorods by capping Au nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 071107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sun, H. D.

C. W. Cheng, E. J. Sie, B. Liu, C. H. A. Huan, T. C. Sum, H. D. Sun, and H. J. Fan, "Surface plasmon enhanced band edge luminescence of ZnO nanorods by capping Au nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 071107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, T.

T. Takahashi, T. Nakamura, and S. Adachi, "Blue-emitting ZnSe random laser," Proc. SPIE 7597, 75971T (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Takahashi, T. Nakamura, and S. Adachi, "Blue-light-emitting ZnSe random laser," Opt. Lett. 34, 3923-3925 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tesler, A. B.

T. Karakouz, A. B. Tesler, T. A. Bendikov, A. Vaskevich, and I. Rubinstein, "Highly stable localized plasmon transducers obtained by thermal embedding of gold island films on glass," Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 20, 3893-3899 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Torre, R.

S. Mujumdar, V. Türck, R. Torre, and D. S. Wiersma, "Chaotic behavior of a random laser with static disorder," Phys. Rev. A 76, 0338071 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, S. H.

H. Y. Yang, S. F. Yu, S. P. Lau, S. H. Tsang, G. Z. Xing, and T. Wu, "Ultraviolet coherent random lasing in randomly assembled SnO2 nanowires," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 241121 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tulek, A.

A. Tulek, R. C. Polson, and Z. V. Vardeny, "Naturally occurring resonators in random lasing of π-conjugated polymer films," Nat. Phys. 6, 303-310 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Türck, V.

S. Mujumdar, V. Türck, R. Torre, and D. S. Wiersma, "Chaotic behavior of a random laser with static disorder," Phys. Rev. A 76, 0338071 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Vardeny, Z. V.

A. Tulek, R. C. Polson, and Z. V. Vardeny, "Naturally occurring resonators in random lasing of π-conjugated polymer films," Nat. Phys. 6, 303-310 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Vaskevich, A.

T. Karakouz, A. B. Tesler, T. A. Bendikov, A. Vaskevich, and I. Rubinstein, "Highly stable localized plasmon transducers obtained by thermal embedding of gold island films on glass," Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 20, 3893-3899 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q. H.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, "Spatial confinement of laser light in active random media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278-2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wiersma, D. S.

S. Mujumdar, V. Türck, R. Torre, and D. S. Wiersma, "Chaotic behavior of a random laser with static disorder," Phys. Rev. A 76, 0338071 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wu, T.

H. Y. Yang, S. F. Yu, S. P. Lau, S. H. Tsang, G. Z. Xing, and T. Wu, "Ultraviolet coherent random lasing in randomly assembled SnO2 nanowires," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 241121 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wu, X.

X. Wu, and H. Cao, "Statistics of random lasing modes in weakly scattering systems," Opt. Lett. 32, 3089-3091 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xing, G. Z.

H. Y. Yang, S. F. Yu, S. P. Lau, S. H. Tsang, G. Z. Xing, and T. Wu, "Ultraviolet coherent random lasing in randomly assembled SnO2 nanowires," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 241121 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, H. Y.

H. Y. Yang, S. F. Yu, S. P. Lau, S. H. Tsang, G. Z. Xing, and T. Wu, "Ultraviolet coherent random lasing in randomly assembled SnO2 nanowires," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 241121 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yu, S. F.

H. Y. Yang, S. F. Yu, S. P. Lau, S. H. Tsang, G. Z. Xing, and T. Wu, "Ultraviolet coherent random lasing in randomly assembled SnO2 nanowires," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 241121 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Kumar, S. F. Yu, and X. F. Li, "Random laser action in dielectric-metal-dielectric surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 231114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y. G.

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, "Spatial confinement of laser light in active random media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278-2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, G.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, I. Fowlkes, and M. Bahoura, "GaAs random laser," Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 291-293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zilbershtein, A.

O. Popov, A. Zilbershtein, and D. Davidov, "Random lasing form dye-gold nanoparticles in polymer films: Enhanced at the surface-plasmon-resonance wavelength," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 191116 (2006).

Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) (1)

T. Karakouz, A. B. Tesler, T. A. Bendikov, A. Vaskevich, and I. Rubinstein, "Highly stable localized plasmon transducers obtained by thermal embedding of gold island films on glass," Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 20, 3893-3899 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

C. W. Cheng, E. J. Sie, B. Liu, C. H. A. Huan, T. C. Sum, H. D. Sun, and H. J. Fan, "Surface plasmon enhanced band edge luminescence of ZnO nanorods by capping Au nanoparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 071107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

O. Popov, A. Zilbershtein, and D. Davidov, "Random lasing form dye-gold nanoparticles in polymer films: Enhanced at the surface-plasmon-resonance wavelength," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 191116 (2006).

G. D. Dice, S. Mujumdar, and A. Y. Elezzab, "Plasmonically enhanced diffusive and subdiffusive metal nanoparticles-dye random laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 13110 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Kumar, S. F. Yu, and X. F. Li, "Random laser action in dielectric-metal-dielectric surface plasmon waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 95, 231114 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Yang, S. F. Yu, S. P. Lau, S. H. Tsang, G. Z. Xing, and T. Wu, "Ultraviolet coherent random lasing in randomly assembled SnO2 nanowires," Appl. Phys. Lett. 94, 241121 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Sasaki, Y. Inose, K. Ema, T. Ohtsuki, H. Sekiguchi, A. Kikuchi, and K. Kishino, "Random laser action in GaN nanocolumns," Appl. Phys. Lett. 97, 151109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. A. Reshchikov, and H. Morkoc, "Luminescence properties of defects in GaN," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 061301 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, I. Fowlkes, and M. Bahoura, "GaAs random laser," Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 291-293 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

J. Fallert, R. J. B. Dietz, J. Sartor, D. Schneider, C. Klingshirn, and H. Kalt, "Co-existence of strongly and weakly localized random laser modes," Nat. Photonics 3, 279-248 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (1)

A. Tulek, R. C. Polson, and Z. V. Vardeny, "Naturally occurring resonators in random lasing of π-conjugated polymer films," Nat. Phys. 6, 303-310 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

H. Y. Lin, C. L. Cheng, Y. Y. Chou, L. L. Huang, and Y. F. Chen, "Enhancement of band gap emission stimulated by defect loss," Opt. Express 14, 2372-2379 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T.-H. Lin, T.-T. Chen, C.-L. Cheng, H.-Y. Lin, and Y.-F. Chen, "Selectively enhanced band gap emission in ZnO/Ag2O nanocomposites," Opt. Express 17, 4342-2379 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (2)

T. Takahashi, T. Nakamura, and S. Adachi, "Blue-light-emitting ZnSe random laser," Opt. Lett. 34, 3923-3925 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Wu, and H. Cao, "Statistics of random lasing modes in weakly scattering systems," Opt. Lett. 32, 3089-3091 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. A (2)

R. G. S. El-Dardiry, A. P. Mosk, O. L. Muskens, and A. Lagendijk, "Experimental studies on the mode structure of random lasers," Phys. Rev. A 81, 043830 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Mujumdar, V. Türck, R. Torre, and D. S. Wiersma, "Chaotic behavior of a random laser with static disorder," Phys. Rev. A 76, 0338071 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

H. Cao, Y. G. Zhao, S. T. Ho, E. W. Seelig, Q. H. Wang, and R. P. H. Chang, "Spatial confinement of laser light in active random media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2278-2281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. Shapiro, "Large intensity fluctuations for wave propagation in random media," Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2168-2171 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

T. Takahashi, T. Nakamura, and S. Adachi, "Blue-emitting ZnSe random laser," Proc. SPIE 7597, 75971T (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

S. Adachi, Handbook on Physical Properties of Semiconductors (Springer, New York, 2004).

M. A. Noginov, Solid-State Random Lasers (Springer, New York, 2005).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Scanning electron microscope images of (a) random-laser sample surface and (b) a GaN aggregate on it. (c) Photoluminescence spectra of powdered GaN with and without Au nanoparticles.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Evolution of photoexcited emission at powdered GaN with Au nanoparticles excited at various powers from 1 to 18 MW/cm2. The spectra are plotted after integration over 50 excitation pulses. The inset shows output intensity as a function of excitation power density.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Pulse-to-pulse spectra obtained at fixed excitation spot. The excitation power density is 18 MW/cm2. (b) FT spectra of lasing spectra in (a).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Spatially (vertical axis) and spectrally (horizontal axis) resolved lasing emission profiles. (b) FT spectra of integrated emission spectra (inset) in two six-pixel regions (A1 and A2) shown in (a).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Spatially (vertical axis) and spectrally (horizontal axis) resolved intensity profiles for scattered light from excitation source. (b) Intensity-intensity autocorrelation functions at random lasing spots (390 nm) and scattered light area (355 nm).

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

d = mDn / 2 ,
C ( Δ r ) = r [ I ( r ) < I ( r ) > ] [ I ( r ) < I ( r ) > ] r [ I ( r ) < I ( r ) > ] 2 ,

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