Abstract

The spectra of Nd3+:Lu2O3 crystal have been examined at room temperature. Judd-Ofelt theory was applied to calculate the spectral parameters of the crystal. With a laser diode as pump source, a continuous-wave laser output power of 2.81 W is achieved, which is the highest value ever reported in this crystals to our knowledge, and its wavelength is also found to be dual-wavelength. Because of the emission cross-section at 1076 nm and 1080 nm are almost identical, laser oscillation for such two wavelengths can be obtained simultaneously. All the properties show that Nd:Lu2O3 is an excellent crystal for laser applications.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. J. E. Geusic, H. M. Marcos, and L. G. V. Uitert, “Laser oscillations in Nd-doped yttrium aluminum, yttrium gallium and gadolinium garnets,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 4(10), 182–184 (1964).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. Fornasiero, E. Mix, V. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “New oxide crystals for solid state lasers,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 34(2), 255–260 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. R. Baer, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond Yb:Lu(2)O(3) thin disk laser with 63 W of average power,” Opt. Lett. 34(18), 2823–2825 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. C. R. Baer, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, T. Sudmeyer, G. Huber, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond thin-disk laser with 141 W of average power,” Opt. Lett. 35(13), 2302–2304 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. A. Kaminskii, “laser crystal and ceramics: recent advances,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 93–177 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. Fornasiero, E. Mix, V. Peters, E. Heumann, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Efficient laser operation of Nd:Sc2O3 at 966 nm, 1082 nm, and 1486 nm” in OSA TOPS Vol.26 Advanced Solid-State lasers (Optical Society of America, 1999).
  7. B. M. Walsh, J. M. McMahon, W. C. Edwards, N. P. Barnes, R. W. Equall, and R. L. Hutcheson, “Spectroscopic characterization of Nd:Y2O3: application toward a differential absorption lidar system for remote sensing of ozone,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(12), 2893–2903 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Lu, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, A. Shirakawa, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Promising ceramic laser material: Highly transparent Nd3+:Lu2O3 ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(23), 4324–4326 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58(5), 373–379 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  10. B. R. Judd, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev. 127(3), 750–761 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. S. Ofelt, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37(3), 511–520 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. A. Kaminskii, M. S. Akchurin, P. Becker, K. Ueda, L. Bohaty, A. Shirakawa, M. Tokurakawa, K. Takaichi, H. Yagi, J. Dong, and T. Yanagitani, “Mechanical and optical properties of Lu2O3 host-ceramics for Ln3+ lasants,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(4), 300–303 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  13. W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and B. G. Wybourne, “Spectral intensities of the trivalent lanthanides and actinides in solution. I. Pr3+, Nd3+, Er3+, Tm3+, and Yb3+,” J. Chem. Phys. 42(11), 3797–3806 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  14. G. H. Dieke, Spectral and Energy Levels of Rare-Earth Ions in Crystals (Interscience, New York,1968), p.134.
  15. S. Singh, R. G. Simth, and L. G. Van Uiter, “Stimulated-emission cross section and fluorescent quantum efficiency of Nd3+ in yttrium aluminum garnet at room temperature,” Phys. Rev. B 10(6), 2566–2572 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  16. C. Du, S. Ruan, H. Zhang, Y. Yu, F. Zeng, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “A 13.3-W laser-diode-array end-pumped Nd:GdVO4 continuous-wave laser at 1.34 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 80(1), 45–48 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, M. S. Akchurin, P. Becker, K. Ueda, L. Bohaty, A. Shirakawa, M. Tokurakawa, K. Takaichi, H. Yagi, J. Dong, and T. Yanagitani, “Mechanical and optical properties of Lu2O3 host-ceramics for Ln3+ lasants,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(4), 300–303 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, “laser crystal and ceramics: recent advances,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 93–177 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

C. Du, S. Ruan, H. Zhang, Y. Yu, F. Zeng, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “A 13.3-W laser-diode-array end-pumped Nd:GdVO4 continuous-wave laser at 1.34 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 80(1), 45–48 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

J. Lu, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, A. Shirakawa, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Promising ceramic laser material: Highly transparent Nd3+:Lu2O3 ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(23), 4324–4326 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. M. Walsh, J. M. McMahon, W. C. Edwards, N. P. Barnes, R. W. Equall, and R. L. Hutcheson, “Spectroscopic characterization of Nd:Y2O3: application toward a differential absorption lidar system for remote sensing of ozone,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(12), 2893–2903 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

L. Fornasiero, E. Mix, V. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “New oxide crystals for solid state lasers,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 34(2), 255–260 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

S. Singh, R. G. Simth, and L. G. Van Uiter, “Stimulated-emission cross section and fluorescent quantum efficiency of Nd3+ in yttrium aluminum garnet at room temperature,” Phys. Rev. B 10(6), 2566–2572 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and B. G. Wybourne, “Spectral intensities of the trivalent lanthanides and actinides in solution. I. Pr3+, Nd3+, Er3+, Tm3+, and Yb3+,” J. Chem. Phys. 42(11), 3797–3806 (1965).
[CrossRef]

1964 (1)

J. E. Geusic, H. M. Marcos, and L. G. V. Uitert, “Laser oscillations in Nd-doped yttrium aluminum, yttrium gallium and gadolinium garnets,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 4(10), 182–184 (1964).
[CrossRef]

1962 (2)

B. R. Judd, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev. 127(3), 750–761 (1962).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Ofelt, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37(3), 511–520 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Akchurin, M. S.

A. A. Kaminskii, M. S. Akchurin, P. Becker, K. Ueda, L. Bohaty, A. Shirakawa, M. Tokurakawa, K. Takaichi, H. Yagi, J. Dong, and T. Yanagitani, “Mechanical and optical properties of Lu2O3 host-ceramics for Ln3+ lasants,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(4), 300–303 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Baer, C. R.

Barnes, N. P.

Becker, P.

A. A. Kaminskii, M. S. Akchurin, P. Becker, K. Ueda, L. Bohaty, A. Shirakawa, M. Tokurakawa, K. Takaichi, H. Yagi, J. Dong, and T. Yanagitani, “Mechanical and optical properties of Lu2O3 host-ceramics for Ln3+ lasants,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(4), 300–303 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bohaty, L.

A. A. Kaminskii, M. S. Akchurin, P. Becker, K. Ueda, L. Bohaty, A. Shirakawa, M. Tokurakawa, K. Takaichi, H. Yagi, J. Dong, and T. Yanagitani, “Mechanical and optical properties of Lu2O3 host-ceramics for Ln3+ lasants,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(4), 300–303 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Carnall, W. T.

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and B. G. Wybourne, “Spectral intensities of the trivalent lanthanides and actinides in solution. I. Pr3+, Nd3+, Er3+, Tm3+, and Yb3+,” J. Chem. Phys. 42(11), 3797–3806 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Dong, J.

A. A. Kaminskii, M. S. Akchurin, P. Becker, K. Ueda, L. Bohaty, A. Shirakawa, M. Tokurakawa, K. Takaichi, H. Yagi, J. Dong, and T. Yanagitani, “Mechanical and optical properties of Lu2O3 host-ceramics for Ln3+ lasants,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(4), 300–303 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Du, C.

C. Du, S. Ruan, H. Zhang, Y. Yu, F. Zeng, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “A 13.3-W laser-diode-array end-pumped Nd:GdVO4 continuous-wave laser at 1.34 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 80(1), 45–48 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Edwards, W. C.

Equall, R. W.

Fields, P. R.

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and B. G. Wybourne, “Spectral intensities of the trivalent lanthanides and actinides in solution. I. Pr3+, Nd3+, Er3+, Tm3+, and Yb3+,” J. Chem. Phys. 42(11), 3797–3806 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Fornasiero, L.

L. Fornasiero, E. Mix, V. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “New oxide crystals for solid state lasers,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 34(2), 255–260 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Geusic, J. E.

J. E. Geusic, H. M. Marcos, and L. G. V. Uitert, “Laser oscillations in Nd-doped yttrium aluminum, yttrium gallium and gadolinium garnets,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 4(10), 182–184 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Golling, M.

Heckl, O. H.

Huber, G.

C. R. Baer, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, T. Sudmeyer, G. Huber, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond thin-disk laser with 141 W of average power,” Opt. Lett. 35(13), 2302–2304 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. R. Baer, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and U. Keller, “Femtosecond Yb:Lu(2)O(3) thin disk laser with 63 W of average power,” Opt. Lett. 34(18), 2823–2825 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Fornasiero, E. Mix, V. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “New oxide crystals for solid state lasers,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 34(2), 255–260 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hutcheson, R. L.

Jensen, T.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, M.

C. Du, S. Ruan, H. Zhang, Y. Yu, F. Zeng, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “A 13.3-W laser-diode-array end-pumped Nd:GdVO4 continuous-wave laser at 1.34 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 80(1), 45–48 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Judd, B. R.

B. R. Judd, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev. 127(3), 750–761 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, M. S. Akchurin, P. Becker, K. Ueda, L. Bohaty, A. Shirakawa, M. Tokurakawa, K. Takaichi, H. Yagi, J. Dong, and T. Yanagitani, “Mechanical and optical properties of Lu2O3 host-ceramics for Ln3+ lasants,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(4), 300–303 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, “laser crystal and ceramics: recent advances,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 93–177 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Lu, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, A. Shirakawa, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Promising ceramic laser material: Highly transparent Nd3+:Lu2O3 ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(23), 4324–4326 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

Kränkel, C.

Lu, J.

J. Lu, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, A. Shirakawa, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Promising ceramic laser material: Highly transparent Nd3+:Lu2O3 ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(23), 4324–4326 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Marcos, H. M.

J. E. Geusic, H. M. Marcos, and L. G. V. Uitert, “Laser oscillations in Nd-doped yttrium aluminum, yttrium gallium and gadolinium garnets,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 4(10), 182–184 (1964).
[CrossRef]

McMahon, J. M.

Meyn, J. P.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mix, E.

L. Fornasiero, E. Mix, V. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “New oxide crystals for solid state lasers,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 34(2), 255–260 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ofelt, G. S.

G. S. Ofelt, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37(3), 511–520 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Ostroumov, V. G.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Petermann, K.

Peters, R.

Peters, V.

L. Fornasiero, E. Mix, V. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “New oxide crystals for solid state lasers,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 34(2), 255–260 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ruan, S.

C. Du, S. Ruan, H. Zhang, Y. Yu, F. Zeng, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “A 13.3-W laser-diode-array end-pumped Nd:GdVO4 continuous-wave laser at 1.34 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 80(1), 45–48 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Saraceno, C. J.

Shcherbakov, I. A.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Shirakawa, A.

A. A. Kaminskii, M. S. Akchurin, P. Becker, K. Ueda, L. Bohaty, A. Shirakawa, M. Tokurakawa, K. Takaichi, H. Yagi, J. Dong, and T. Yanagitani, “Mechanical and optical properties of Lu2O3 host-ceramics for Ln3+ lasants,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(4), 300–303 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lu, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, A. Shirakawa, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Promising ceramic laser material: Highly transparent Nd3+:Lu2O3 ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(23), 4324–4326 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Simth, R. G.

S. Singh, R. G. Simth, and L. G. Van Uiter, “Stimulated-emission cross section and fluorescent quantum efficiency of Nd3+ in yttrium aluminum garnet at room temperature,” Phys. Rev. B 10(6), 2566–2572 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Singh, S.

S. Singh, R. G. Simth, and L. G. Van Uiter, “Stimulated-emission cross section and fluorescent quantum efficiency of Nd3+ in yttrium aluminum garnet at room temperature,” Phys. Rev. B 10(6), 2566–2572 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Sudmeyer, T.

Südmeyer, T.

Takaichi, K.

A. A. Kaminskii, M. S. Akchurin, P. Becker, K. Ueda, L. Bohaty, A. Shirakawa, M. Tokurakawa, K. Takaichi, H. Yagi, J. Dong, and T. Yanagitani, “Mechanical and optical properties of Lu2O3 host-ceramics for Ln3+ lasants,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(4), 300–303 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lu, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, A. Shirakawa, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Promising ceramic laser material: Highly transparent Nd3+:Lu2O3 ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(23), 4324–4326 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tokurakawa, M.

A. A. Kaminskii, M. S. Akchurin, P. Becker, K. Ueda, L. Bohaty, A. Shirakawa, M. Tokurakawa, K. Takaichi, H. Yagi, J. Dong, and T. Yanagitani, “Mechanical and optical properties of Lu2O3 host-ceramics for Ln3+ lasants,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(4), 300–303 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, K.

A. A. Kaminskii, M. S. Akchurin, P. Becker, K. Ueda, L. Bohaty, A. Shirakawa, M. Tokurakawa, K. Takaichi, H. Yagi, J. Dong, and T. Yanagitani, “Mechanical and optical properties of Lu2O3 host-ceramics for Ln3+ lasants,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(4), 300–303 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lu, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, A. Shirakawa, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Promising ceramic laser material: Highly transparent Nd3+:Lu2O3 ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(23), 4324–4326 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Uematsu, T.

J. Lu, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, A. Shirakawa, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Promising ceramic laser material: Highly transparent Nd3+:Lu2O3 ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(23), 4324–4326 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Uitert, L. G. V.

J. E. Geusic, H. M. Marcos, and L. G. V. Uitert, “Laser oscillations in Nd-doped yttrium aluminum, yttrium gallium and gadolinium garnets,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 4(10), 182–184 (1964).
[CrossRef]

Van Uiter, L. G.

S. Singh, R. G. Simth, and L. G. Van Uiter, “Stimulated-emission cross section and fluorescent quantum efficiency of Nd3+ in yttrium aluminum garnet at room temperature,” Phys. Rev. B 10(6), 2566–2572 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Walsh, B. M.

Wang, J.

C. Du, S. Ruan, H. Zhang, Y. Yu, F. Zeng, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “A 13.3-W laser-diode-array end-pumped Nd:GdVO4 continuous-wave laser at 1.34 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 80(1), 45–48 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wybourne, B. G.

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and B. G. Wybourne, “Spectral intensities of the trivalent lanthanides and actinides in solution. I. Pr3+, Nd3+, Er3+, Tm3+, and Yb3+,” J. Chem. Phys. 42(11), 3797–3806 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Yagi, H.

A. A. Kaminskii, M. S. Akchurin, P. Becker, K. Ueda, L. Bohaty, A. Shirakawa, M. Tokurakawa, K. Takaichi, H. Yagi, J. Dong, and T. Yanagitani, “Mechanical and optical properties of Lu2O3 host-ceramics for Ln3+ lasants,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(4), 300–303 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lu, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, A. Shirakawa, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Promising ceramic laser material: Highly transparent Nd3+:Lu2O3 ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(23), 4324–4326 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yanagitani, T.

A. A. Kaminskii, M. S. Akchurin, P. Becker, K. Ueda, L. Bohaty, A. Shirakawa, M. Tokurakawa, K. Takaichi, H. Yagi, J. Dong, and T. Yanagitani, “Mechanical and optical properties of Lu2O3 host-ceramics for Ln3+ lasants,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(4), 300–303 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Lu, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, A. Shirakawa, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Promising ceramic laser material: Highly transparent Nd3+:Lu2O3 ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(23), 4324–4326 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Y.

C. Du, S. Ruan, H. Zhang, Y. Yu, F. Zeng, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “A 13.3-W laser-diode-array end-pumped Nd:GdVO4 continuous-wave laser at 1.34 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 80(1), 45–48 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zagumennyi, A. I.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, F.

C. Du, S. Ruan, H. Zhang, Y. Yu, F. Zeng, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “A 13.3-W laser-diode-array end-pumped Nd:GdVO4 continuous-wave laser at 1.34 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 80(1), 45–48 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

C. Du, S. Ruan, H. Zhang, Y. Yu, F. Zeng, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “A 13.3-W laser-diode-array end-pumped Nd:GdVO4 continuous-wave laser at 1.34 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 80(1), 45–48 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58(5), 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. Du, S. Ruan, H. Zhang, Y. Yu, F. Zeng, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “A 13.3-W laser-diode-array end-pumped Nd:GdVO4 continuous-wave laser at 1.34 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 80(1), 45–48 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

J. E. Geusic, H. M. Marcos, and L. G. V. Uitert, “Laser oscillations in Nd-doped yttrium aluminum, yttrium gallium and gadolinium garnets,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 4(10), 182–184 (1964).
[CrossRef]

J. Lu, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, A. Shirakawa, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Promising ceramic laser material: Highly transparent Nd3+:Lu2O3 ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(23), 4324–4326 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cryst. Res. Technol. (1)

L. Fornasiero, E. Mix, V. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “New oxide crystals for solid state lasers,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 34(2), 255–260 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (2)

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and B. G. Wybourne, “Spectral intensities of the trivalent lanthanides and actinides in solution. I. Pr3+, Nd3+, Er3+, Tm3+, and Yb3+,” J. Chem. Phys. 42(11), 3797–3806 (1965).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Ofelt, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37(3), 511–520 (1962).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Photon. Rev. (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, “laser crystal and ceramics: recent advances,” Laser Photon. Rev. 1(2), 93–177 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

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