Abstract

578-nm yellow light with an output power of more than 10 mW was obtained using a waveguide periodically-poled-lithium-niobate crystal as a nonlinear medium for second harmonic generation, which is the highest output power at this wavelength using second harmonic generation of a solid state laser source without an enhancement ring cavity, to our knowledge. To achieve this result we made a high power 1156-nm external-cavity diode laser with the maximum output power of more than 250 mW. This system is expected to be an excellent alternative to the system using the sum-frequency generation with the advantage of simplicity and cost-effectiveness, and will be used as a clock laser of the ytterbium optical lattice clock with robust and reliable operation.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. C. W. Hoyt, Z. W. Barber, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, “Observation and absolute frequency measurements of the 1S0-3P0 optical clock transition in neutral ytterbium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(8), 083003 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Z. W. Barber, C. W. Hoyt, C. W. Oates, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Direct excitation of the forbidden clock transition in neutral 174Yb atoms confined to an optical lattice,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(8), 083002 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. S. G. Porsev, A. Derevianko, and E. N. Fortson, “Possibility of an optical clock using the 6 1S0 → 6 3P0transition in 171,173Yb atoms held in an optical lattice,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 021403(R) (2004).
  4. Z. W. Barber, J. E. Stalnaker, N. D. Lemke, N. Poli, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, C. W. Hoyt, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Optical lattice induced light shifts in an yb atomic clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 103002 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. L.-S. Ma, P. Jungner, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, “Delivering the same optical frequency at two places: accurate cancellation of phase noise introduced by an optical fiber or other time-varying path,” Opt. Lett. 19(21), 1777–1779 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. A. S. Arnold, J. S. Wilson, and M. G. Boshier, “A simple extended-cavity diode laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69(3), 1236–1239 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  15. C. J. Hawthorn, K. P. Weber, and R. E. Scholten, “Littrow configuration tunable external cavity diode laser with fixed direction output beam,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72(12), 4477–4479 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  16. W.-K. Lee, C. Y. Park, J. Mun, and D.-H. Yu, “Linewidth reduction of a distributed-feedback diode laser using an all-fiber interferometer with short path imbalance,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(7), 073105 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. L. D. Turner, K. P. Weber, C. J. Hawthorn, and R. E. Scholten, “Frequency noise characterization of narrow linewidth diode lasers,” Opt. Commun. 201(4-6), 391–397 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J. A. Barnes, A. R. Chi, L. S. Cutler, D. J. Healey, D. B. Leeson, T. E. McGunigal, J. A. Mullen, W. L. Smith, R. L. Sydnor, R. F. C. Vessot, and G. M. R. Winkler, “Characterization of frequency stability,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-20(2), 105–120 (1971).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (1)

W.-K. Lee, C. Y. Park, J. Mun, and D.-H. Yu, “Linewidth reduction of a distributed-feedback diode laser using an all-fiber interferometer with short path imbalance,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(7), 073105 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (3)

2009 (4)

T. Nishikawa, A. Ozawa, Y. Nishida, M. Asobe, F.-L. Hong, and T. W. Hänsch, “Efficient 494 mW sum-frequency generation of sodium resonance radiation at 589 nm by using a periodically poled Zn:LiNbO3 ridge waveguide,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17792–17800 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. D. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Z. W. Barber, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, Y. Jiang, S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, T. E. Parker, and C. W. Oates, “Spin-1/2 optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(6), 063001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kohno, M. Yasuda, K. Hosaka, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, and F.-L. Hong, “One-dimensional optical lattice clock with a fermionic 171Yb isotope,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(7), 072501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, K. Hosaka, M. Yasuda, and A. Onae, “Doppler-free spectroscopy of molecular iodine using a frequency-stable light source at 578 nm,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1652–1659 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

A. Yu. Nevsky, U. Bressel, I. Ernsting, Ch. Eisele, M. Okhapkin, S. Schiller, A. Gubenko, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, I. Krestnikov, and A. Kovsh, “A narrow-line-width external cavity quantum dot laser for high-resolution spectroscopy in the near-infrared and yellow spectral ranges,” Appl. Phys. B 92(4), 501–507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. W. Barber, J. E. Stalnaker, N. D. Lemke, N. Poli, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, C. W. Hoyt, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Optical lattice induced light shifts in an yb atomic clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 103002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0-3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 050501(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

Z. W. Barber, C. W. Hoyt, C. W. Oates, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Direct excitation of the forbidden clock transition in neutral 174Yb atoms confined to an optical lattice,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(8), 083002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Brusch, R. Le Targat, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, and P. Lemonde, “Hyperpolarizability effects in a Sr optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(10), 103003 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

C. W. Hoyt, Z. W. Barber, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, “Observation and absolute frequency measurements of the 1S0-3P0 optical clock transition in neutral ytterbium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(8), 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

S. G. Porsev, A. Derevianko, and E. N. Fortson, “Possibility of an optical clock using the 6 1S0 → 6 3P0transition in 171,173Yb atoms held in an optical lattice,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 021403(R) (2004).

2002 (1)

L. D. Turner, K. P. Weber, C. J. Hawthorn, and R. E. Scholten, “Frequency noise characterization of narrow linewidth diode lasers,” Opt. Commun. 201(4-6), 391–397 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

C. J. Hawthorn, K. P. Weber, and R. E. Scholten, “Littrow configuration tunable external cavity diode laser with fixed direction output beam,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72(12), 4477–4479 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

A. S. Arnold, J. S. Wilson, and M. G. Boshier, “A simple extended-cavity diode laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69(3), 1236–1239 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1983 (1)

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

J. A. Barnes, A. R. Chi, L. S. Cutler, D. J. Healey, D. B. Leeson, T. E. McGunigal, J. A. Mullen, W. L. Smith, R. L. Sydnor, R. F. C. Vessot, and G. M. R. Winkler, “Characterization of frequency stability,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-20(2), 105–120 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Arnold, A. S.

A. S. Arnold, J. S. Wilson, and M. G. Boshier, “A simple extended-cavity diode laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69(3), 1236–1239 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Asobe, M.

Baillard, X.

A. Brusch, R. Le Targat, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, and P. Lemonde, “Hyperpolarizability effects in a Sr optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(10), 103003 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barber, Z. W.

N. D. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Z. W. Barber, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, Y. Jiang, S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, T. E. Parker, and C. W. Oates, “Spin-1/2 optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(6), 063001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. W. Barber, J. E. Stalnaker, N. D. Lemke, N. Poli, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, C. W. Hoyt, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Optical lattice induced light shifts in an yb atomic clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 103002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0-3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 050501(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. W. Barber, C. W. Hoyt, C. W. Oates, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Direct excitation of the forbidden clock transition in neutral 174Yb atoms confined to an optical lattice,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(8), 083002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Hoyt, Z. W. Barber, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, “Observation and absolute frequency measurements of the 1S0-3P0 optical clock transition in neutral ytterbium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(8), 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barnes, J. A.

J. A. Barnes, A. R. Chi, L. S. Cutler, D. J. Healey, D. B. Leeson, T. E. McGunigal, J. A. Mullen, W. L. Smith, R. L. Sydnor, R. F. C. Vessot, and G. M. R. Winkler, “Characterization of frequency stability,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-20(2), 105–120 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Bergquist, J.

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0-3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 050501(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Boshier, M. G.

A. S. Arnold, J. S. Wilson, and M. G. Boshier, “A simple extended-cavity diode laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69(3), 1236–1239 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bressel, U.

A. Yu. Nevsky, U. Bressel, I. Ernsting, Ch. Eisele, M. Okhapkin, S. Schiller, A. Gubenko, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, I. Krestnikov, and A. Kovsh, “A narrow-line-width external cavity quantum dot laser for high-resolution spectroscopy in the near-infrared and yellow spectral ranges,” Appl. Phys. B 92(4), 501–507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Brusch, A.

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0-3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 050501(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Brusch, R. Le Targat, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, and P. Lemonde, “Hyperpolarizability effects in a Sr optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(10), 103003 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chi, A. R.

J. A. Barnes, A. R. Chi, L. S. Cutler, D. J. Healey, D. B. Leeson, T. E. McGunigal, J. A. Mullen, W. L. Smith, R. L. Sydnor, R. F. C. Vessot, and G. M. R. Winkler, “Characterization of frequency stability,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-20(2), 105–120 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Clairon, A.

Cutler, L. S.

J. A. Barnes, A. R. Chi, L. S. Cutler, D. J. Healey, D. B. Leeson, T. E. McGunigal, J. A. Mullen, W. L. Smith, R. L. Sydnor, R. F. C. Vessot, and G. M. R. Winkler, “Characterization of frequency stability,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-20(2), 105–120 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Derevianko, A.

S. G. Porsev, A. Derevianko, and E. N. Fortson, “Possibility of an optical clock using the 6 1S0 → 6 3P0transition in 171,173Yb atoms held in an optical lattice,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 021403(R) (2004).

Diddams, S. A.

N. D. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Z. W. Barber, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, Y. Jiang, S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, T. E. Parker, and C. W. Oates, “Spin-1/2 optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(6), 063001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0-3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 050501(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. W. Barber, J. E. Stalnaker, N. D. Lemke, N. Poli, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, C. W. Hoyt, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Optical lattice induced light shifts in an yb atomic clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 103002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Hoyt, Z. W. Barber, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, “Observation and absolute frequency measurements of the 1S0-3P0 optical clock transition in neutral ytterbium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(8), 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Drever, R. W. P.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Eisele, Ch.

A. Yu. Nevsky, U. Bressel, I. Ernsting, Ch. Eisele, M. Okhapkin, S. Schiller, A. Gubenko, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, I. Krestnikov, and A. Kovsh, “A narrow-line-width external cavity quantum dot laser for high-resolution spectroscopy in the near-infrared and yellow spectral ranges,” Appl. Phys. B 92(4), 501–507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ernsting, I.

A. Yu. Nevsky, U. Bressel, I. Ernsting, Ch. Eisele, M. Okhapkin, S. Schiller, A. Gubenko, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, I. Krestnikov, and A. Kovsh, “A narrow-line-width external cavity quantum dot laser for high-resolution spectroscopy in the near-infrared and yellow spectral ranges,” Appl. Phys. B 92(4), 501–507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ford, G. M.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Fortier, T. M.

N. D. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Z. W. Barber, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, Y. Jiang, S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, T. E. Parker, and C. W. Oates, “Spin-1/2 optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(6), 063001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0-3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 050501(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. W. Barber, J. E. Stalnaker, N. D. Lemke, N. Poli, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, C. W. Hoyt, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Optical lattice induced light shifts in an yb atomic clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 103002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Hoyt, Z. W. Barber, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, “Observation and absolute frequency measurements of the 1S0-3P0 optical clock transition in neutral ytterbium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(8), 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fortson, E. N.

S. G. Porsev, A. Derevianko, and E. N. Fortson, “Possibility of an optical clock using the 6 1S0 → 6 3P0transition in 171,173Yb atoms held in an optical lattice,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 021403(R) (2004).

Fouché, M.

A. Brusch, R. Le Targat, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, and P. Lemonde, “Hyperpolarizability effects in a Sr optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(10), 103003 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gubenko, A.

A. Yu. Nevsky, U. Bressel, I. Ernsting, Ch. Eisele, M. Okhapkin, S. Schiller, A. Gubenko, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, I. Krestnikov, and A. Kovsh, “A narrow-line-width external cavity quantum dot laser for high-resolution spectroscopy in the near-infrared and yellow spectral ranges,” Appl. Phys. B 92(4), 501–507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J. L.

L.-S. Ma, P. Jungner, J. Ye, and J. L. Hall, “Delivering the same optical frequency at two places: accurate cancellation of phase noise introduced by an optical fiber or other time-varying path,” Opt. Lett. 19(21), 1777–1779 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

Hawthorn, C. J.

L. D. Turner, K. P. Weber, C. J. Hawthorn, and R. E. Scholten, “Frequency noise characterization of narrow linewidth diode lasers,” Opt. Commun. 201(4-6), 391–397 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Hawthorn, K. P. Weber, and R. E. Scholten, “Littrow configuration tunable external cavity diode laser with fixed direction output beam,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72(12), 4477–4479 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Healey, D. J.

J. A. Barnes, A. R. Chi, L. S. Cutler, D. J. Healey, D. B. Leeson, T. E. McGunigal, J. A. Mullen, W. L. Smith, R. L. Sydnor, R. F. C. Vessot, and G. M. R. Winkler, “Characterization of frequency stability,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-20(2), 105–120 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Heavner, T.

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0-3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 050501(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Heavner, T. P.

N. D. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Z. W. Barber, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, Y. Jiang, S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, T. E. Parker, and C. W. Oates, “Spin-1/2 optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(6), 063001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hollberg, L.

Z. W. Barber, J. E. Stalnaker, N. D. Lemke, N. Poli, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, C. W. Hoyt, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Optical lattice induced light shifts in an yb atomic clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 103002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0-3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 050501(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. W. Barber, C. W. Hoyt, C. W. Oates, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Direct excitation of the forbidden clock transition in neutral 174Yb atoms confined to an optical lattice,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(8), 083002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Hoyt, Z. W. Barber, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, “Observation and absolute frequency measurements of the 1S0-3P0 optical clock transition in neutral ytterbium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(8), 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hong, F.-L.

K. Hosaka, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, M. Yasuda, T. Kohno, A. Onae, and F.-L. Hong, “Evaluation of the clock laser for an Yb lattice clock using an optic fiber comb,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 57(3), 606–612 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kohno, M. Yasuda, K. Hosaka, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, and F.-L. Hong, “One-dimensional optical lattice clock with a fermionic 171Yb isotope,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(7), 072501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, K. Hosaka, M. Yasuda, and A. Onae, “Doppler-free spectroscopy of molecular iodine using a frequency-stable light source at 578 nm,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1652–1659 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Nishikawa, A. Ozawa, Y. Nishida, M. Asobe, F.-L. Hong, and T. W. Hänsch, “Efficient 494 mW sum-frequency generation of sodium resonance radiation at 589 nm by using a periodically poled Zn:LiNbO3 ridge waveguide,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17792–17800 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hosaka, K.

K. Hosaka, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, M. Yasuda, T. Kohno, A. Onae, and F.-L. Hong, “Evaluation of the clock laser for an Yb lattice clock using an optic fiber comb,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 57(3), 606–612 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, K. Hosaka, M. Yasuda, and A. Onae, “Doppler-free spectroscopy of molecular iodine using a frequency-stable light source at 578 nm,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1652–1659 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kohno, M. Yasuda, K. Hosaka, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, and F.-L. Hong, “One-dimensional optical lattice clock with a fermionic 171Yb isotope,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(7), 072501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hough, J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hoyt, C. W.

Z. W. Barber, J. E. Stalnaker, N. D. Lemke, N. Poli, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, C. W. Hoyt, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Optical lattice induced light shifts in an yb atomic clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 103002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. W. Barber, C. W. Hoyt, C. W. Oates, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Direct excitation of the forbidden clock transition in neutral 174Yb atoms confined to an optical lattice,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(8), 083002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Hoyt, Z. W. Barber, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, “Observation and absolute frequency measurements of the 1S0-3P0 optical clock transition in neutral ytterbium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(8), 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Inaba, H.

K. Hosaka, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, M. Yasuda, T. Kohno, A. Onae, and F.-L. Hong, “Evaluation of the clock laser for an Yb lattice clock using an optic fiber comb,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 57(3), 606–612 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, K. Hosaka, M. Yasuda, and A. Onae, “Doppler-free spectroscopy of molecular iodine using a frequency-stable light source at 578 nm,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1652–1659 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kohno, M. Yasuda, K. Hosaka, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, and F.-L. Hong, “One-dimensional optical lattice clock with a fermionic 171Yb isotope,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(7), 072501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jefferts, S.

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0-3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 050501(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jefferts, S. R.

N. D. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Z. W. Barber, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, Y. Jiang, S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, T. E. Parker, and C. W. Oates, “Spin-1/2 optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(6), 063001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, H.

Jiang, Y.

N. D. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Z. W. Barber, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, Y. Jiang, S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, T. E. Parker, and C. W. Oates, “Spin-1/2 optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(6), 063001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jungner, P.

Kéfélian, F.

Kim, E. B.

Kohno, T.

K. Hosaka, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, M. Yasuda, T. Kohno, A. Onae, and F.-L. Hong, “Evaluation of the clock laser for an Yb lattice clock using an optic fiber comb,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 57(3), 606–612 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kohno, M. Yasuda, K. Hosaka, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, and F.-L. Hong, “One-dimensional optical lattice clock with a fermionic 171Yb isotope,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(7), 072501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kovsh, A.

A. Yu. Nevsky, U. Bressel, I. Ernsting, Ch. Eisele, M. Okhapkin, S. Schiller, A. Gubenko, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, I. Krestnikov, and A. Kovsh, “A narrow-line-width external cavity quantum dot laser for high-resolution spectroscopy in the near-infrared and yellow spectral ranges,” Appl. Phys. B 92(4), 501–507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kowalski, F. V.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Krestnikov, I.

A. Yu. Nevsky, U. Bressel, I. Ernsting, Ch. Eisele, M. Okhapkin, S. Schiller, A. Gubenko, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, I. Krestnikov, and A. Kovsh, “A narrow-line-width external cavity quantum dot laser for high-resolution spectroscopy in the near-infrared and yellow spectral ranges,” Appl. Phys. B 92(4), 501–507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Le Targat, R.

A. Brusch, R. Le Targat, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, and P. Lemonde, “Hyperpolarizability effects in a Sr optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(10), 103003 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, W.-K.

W.-K. Lee, C. Y. Park, J. Mun, and D.-H. Yu, “Linewidth reduction of a distributed-feedback diode laser using an all-fiber interferometer with short path imbalance,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(7), 073105 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. B. Kim, W.-K. Lee, C. Y. Park, D.-H. Yu, and S. E. Park, “Narrow linewidth 578 nm light generation using frequency-doubling with a waveguide PPLN pumped by an optical injection-locked diode laser,” Opt. Express 18(10), 10308–10314 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leeson, D. B.

J. A. Barnes, A. R. Chi, L. S. Cutler, D. J. Healey, D. B. Leeson, T. E. McGunigal, J. A. Mullen, W. L. Smith, R. L. Sydnor, R. F. C. Vessot, and G. M. R. Winkler, “Characterization of frequency stability,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-20(2), 105–120 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Lemke, N. D.

N. D. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Z. W. Barber, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, Y. Jiang, S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, T. E. Parker, and C. W. Oates, “Spin-1/2 optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(6), 063001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0-3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 050501(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. W. Barber, J. E. Stalnaker, N. D. Lemke, N. Poli, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, C. W. Hoyt, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Optical lattice induced light shifts in an yb atomic clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 103002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lemonde, P.

H. Jiang, F. Kéfélian, P. Lemonde, A. Clairon, and G. Santarelli, “An agile laser with ultra-low frequency noise and high sweep linearity,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3284–3297 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Brusch, R. Le Targat, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, and P. Lemonde, “Hyperpolarizability effects in a Sr optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(10), 103003 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Livshits, D.

A. Yu. Nevsky, U. Bressel, I. Ernsting, Ch. Eisele, M. Okhapkin, S. Schiller, A. Gubenko, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, I. Krestnikov, and A. Kovsh, “A narrow-line-width external cavity quantum dot laser for high-resolution spectroscopy in the near-infrared and yellow spectral ranges,” Appl. Phys. B 92(4), 501–507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ludlow, A. D.

N. D. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Z. W. Barber, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, Y. Jiang, S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, T. E. Parker, and C. W. Oates, “Spin-1/2 optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(6), 063001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ma, L. S.

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0-3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 050501(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ma, L.-S.

McGunigal, T. E.

J. A. Barnes, A. R. Chi, L. S. Cutler, D. J. Healey, D. B. Leeson, T. E. McGunigal, J. A. Mullen, W. L. Smith, R. L. Sydnor, R. F. C. Vessot, and G. M. R. Winkler, “Characterization of frequency stability,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-20(2), 105–120 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Mikhrin, S.

A. Yu. Nevsky, U. Bressel, I. Ernsting, Ch. Eisele, M. Okhapkin, S. Schiller, A. Gubenko, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, I. Krestnikov, and A. Kovsh, “A narrow-line-width external cavity quantum dot laser for high-resolution spectroscopy in the near-infrared and yellow spectral ranges,” Appl. Phys. B 92(4), 501–507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mullen, J. A.

J. A. Barnes, A. R. Chi, L. S. Cutler, D. J. Healey, D. B. Leeson, T. E. McGunigal, J. A. Mullen, W. L. Smith, R. L. Sydnor, R. F. C. Vessot, and G. M. R. Winkler, “Characterization of frequency stability,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-20(2), 105–120 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Mun, J.

W.-K. Lee, C. Y. Park, J. Mun, and D.-H. Yu, “Linewidth reduction of a distributed-feedback diode laser using an all-fiber interferometer with short path imbalance,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(7), 073105 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Munley, A. J.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Nakajima, Y.

K. Hosaka, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, M. Yasuda, T. Kohno, A. Onae, and F.-L. Hong, “Evaluation of the clock laser for an Yb lattice clock using an optic fiber comb,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 57(3), 606–612 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kohno, M. Yasuda, K. Hosaka, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, and F.-L. Hong, “One-dimensional optical lattice clock with a fermionic 171Yb isotope,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(7), 072501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nevsky, A. Yu.

A. Yu. Nevsky, U. Bressel, I. Ernsting, Ch. Eisele, M. Okhapkin, S. Schiller, A. Gubenko, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, I. Krestnikov, and A. Kovsh, “A narrow-line-width external cavity quantum dot laser for high-resolution spectroscopy in the near-infrared and yellow spectral ranges,” Appl. Phys. B 92(4), 501–507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nishida, Y.

Nishikawa, T.

Oates, C. W.

N. D. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Z. W. Barber, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, Y. Jiang, S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, T. E. Parker, and C. W. Oates, “Spin-1/2 optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(6), 063001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0-3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 050501(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. W. Barber, J. E. Stalnaker, N. D. Lemke, N. Poli, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, C. W. Hoyt, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Optical lattice induced light shifts in an yb atomic clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 103002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. W. Barber, C. W. Hoyt, C. W. Oates, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Direct excitation of the forbidden clock transition in neutral 174Yb atoms confined to an optical lattice,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(8), 083002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Hoyt, Z. W. Barber, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, “Observation and absolute frequency measurements of the 1S0-3P0 optical clock transition in neutral ytterbium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(8), 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okhapkin, M.

A. Yu. Nevsky, U. Bressel, I. Ernsting, Ch. Eisele, M. Okhapkin, S. Schiller, A. Gubenko, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, I. Krestnikov, and A. Kovsh, “A narrow-line-width external cavity quantum dot laser for high-resolution spectroscopy in the near-infrared and yellow spectral ranges,” Appl. Phys. B 92(4), 501–507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Onae, A.

K. Hosaka, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, M. Yasuda, T. Kohno, A. Onae, and F.-L. Hong, “Evaluation of the clock laser for an Yb lattice clock using an optic fiber comb,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 57(3), 606–612 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, K. Hosaka, M. Yasuda, and A. Onae, “Doppler-free spectroscopy of molecular iodine using a frequency-stable light source at 578 nm,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1652–1659 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ozawa, A.

Park, C. Y.

W.-K. Lee, C. Y. Park, J. Mun, and D.-H. Yu, “Linewidth reduction of a distributed-feedback diode laser using an all-fiber interferometer with short path imbalance,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(7), 073105 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. B. Kim, W.-K. Lee, C. Y. Park, D.-H. Yu, and S. E. Park, “Narrow linewidth 578 nm light generation using frequency-doubling with a waveguide PPLN pumped by an optical injection-locked diode laser,” Opt. Express 18(10), 10308–10314 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, S. E.

Parker, T.

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0-3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 050501(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Parker, T. E.

N. D. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Z. W. Barber, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, Y. Jiang, S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, T. E. Parker, and C. W. Oates, “Spin-1/2 optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(6), 063001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poli, N.

Z. W. Barber, J. E. Stalnaker, N. D. Lemke, N. Poli, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, C. W. Hoyt, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Optical lattice induced light shifts in an yb atomic clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 103002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0-3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 050501(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Porsev, S. G.

S. G. Porsev, A. Derevianko, and E. N. Fortson, “Possibility of an optical clock using the 6 1S0 → 6 3P0transition in 171,173Yb atoms held in an optical lattice,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 021403(R) (2004).

Santarelli, G.

Schiller, S.

A. Yu. Nevsky, U. Bressel, I. Ernsting, Ch. Eisele, M. Okhapkin, S. Schiller, A. Gubenko, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, I. Krestnikov, and A. Kovsh, “A narrow-line-width external cavity quantum dot laser for high-resolution spectroscopy in the near-infrared and yellow spectral ranges,” Appl. Phys. B 92(4), 501–507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Scholten, R. E.

L. D. Turner, K. P. Weber, C. J. Hawthorn, and R. E. Scholten, “Frequency noise characterization of narrow linewidth diode lasers,” Opt. Commun. 201(4-6), 391–397 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Hawthorn, K. P. Weber, and R. E. Scholten, “Littrow configuration tunable external cavity diode laser with fixed direction output beam,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72(12), 4477–4479 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Smith, W. L.

J. A. Barnes, A. R. Chi, L. S. Cutler, D. J. Healey, D. B. Leeson, T. E. McGunigal, J. A. Mullen, W. L. Smith, R. L. Sydnor, R. F. C. Vessot, and G. M. R. Winkler, “Characterization of frequency stability,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-20(2), 105–120 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Stalnaker, J. E.

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0-3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 050501(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. W. Barber, J. E. Stalnaker, N. D. Lemke, N. Poli, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, C. W. Hoyt, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Optical lattice induced light shifts in an yb atomic clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 103002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sydnor, R. L.

J. A. Barnes, A. R. Chi, L. S. Cutler, D. J. Healey, D. B. Leeson, T. E. McGunigal, J. A. Mullen, W. L. Smith, R. L. Sydnor, R. F. C. Vessot, and G. M. R. Winkler, “Characterization of frequency stability,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-20(2), 105–120 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Taichenachev, A. V.

Z. W. Barber, J. E. Stalnaker, N. D. Lemke, N. Poli, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, C. W. Hoyt, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Optical lattice induced light shifts in an yb atomic clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 103002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. W. Barber, C. W. Hoyt, C. W. Oates, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Direct excitation of the forbidden clock transition in neutral 174Yb atoms confined to an optical lattice,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(8), 083002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Turner, L. D.

L. D. Turner, K. P. Weber, C. J. Hawthorn, and R. E. Scholten, “Frequency noise characterization of narrow linewidth diode lasers,” Opt. Commun. 201(4-6), 391–397 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Vessot, R. F. C.

J. A. Barnes, A. R. Chi, L. S. Cutler, D. J. Healey, D. B. Leeson, T. E. McGunigal, J. A. Mullen, W. L. Smith, R. L. Sydnor, R. F. C. Vessot, and G. M. R. Winkler, “Characterization of frequency stability,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-20(2), 105–120 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Ward, H.

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Weber, K. P.

L. D. Turner, K. P. Weber, C. J. Hawthorn, and R. E. Scholten, “Frequency noise characterization of narrow linewidth diode lasers,” Opt. Commun. 201(4-6), 391–397 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Hawthorn, K. P. Weber, and R. E. Scholten, “Littrow configuration tunable external cavity diode laser with fixed direction output beam,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72(12), 4477–4479 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, J. S.

A. S. Arnold, J. S. Wilson, and M. G. Boshier, “A simple extended-cavity diode laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69(3), 1236–1239 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Winkler, G. M. R.

J. A. Barnes, A. R. Chi, L. S. Cutler, D. J. Healey, D. B. Leeson, T. E. McGunigal, J. A. Mullen, W. L. Smith, R. L. Sydnor, R. F. C. Vessot, and G. M. R. Winkler, “Characterization of frequency stability,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-20(2), 105–120 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Yasuda, M.

K. Hosaka, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, M. Yasuda, T. Kohno, A. Onae, and F.-L. Hong, “Evaluation of the clock laser for an Yb lattice clock using an optic fiber comb,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 57(3), 606–612 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F.-L. Hong, H. Inaba, K. Hosaka, M. Yasuda, and A. Onae, “Doppler-free spectroscopy of molecular iodine using a frequency-stable light source at 578 nm,” Opt. Express 17(3), 1652–1659 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kohno, M. Yasuda, K. Hosaka, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, and F.-L. Hong, “One-dimensional optical lattice clock with a fermionic 171Yb isotope,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(7), 072501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.

Yu, D.-H.

W.-K. Lee, C. Y. Park, J. Mun, and D.-H. Yu, “Linewidth reduction of a distributed-feedback diode laser using an all-fiber interferometer with short path imbalance,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(7), 073105 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. B. Kim, W.-K. Lee, C. Y. Park, D.-H. Yu, and S. E. Park, “Narrow linewidth 578 nm light generation using frequency-doubling with a waveguide PPLN pumped by an optical injection-locked diode laser,” Opt. Express 18(10), 10308–10314 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yudin, V. I.

Z. W. Barber, J. E. Stalnaker, N. D. Lemke, N. Poli, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, C. W. Hoyt, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Optical lattice induced light shifts in an yb atomic clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 103002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. W. Barber, C. W. Hoyt, C. W. Oates, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Direct excitation of the forbidden clock transition in neutral 174Yb atoms confined to an optical lattice,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(8), 083002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

A. Yu. Nevsky, U. Bressel, I. Ernsting, Ch. Eisele, M. Okhapkin, S. Schiller, A. Gubenko, D. Livshits, S. Mikhrin, I. Krestnikov, and A. Kovsh, “A narrow-line-width external cavity quantum dot laser for high-resolution spectroscopy in the near-infrared and yellow spectral ranges,” Appl. Phys. B 92(4), 501–507 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. W. P. Drever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. J. Munley, and H. Ward, “Laser phase and frequency stabilization using an optical resonator,” Appl. Phys. B 31(2), 97–105 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

T. Kohno, M. Yasuda, K. Hosaka, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, and F.-L. Hong, “One-dimensional optical lattice clock with a fermionic 171Yb isotope,” Appl. Phys. Express 2(7), 072501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. (1)

J. A. Barnes, A. R. Chi, L. S. Cutler, D. J. Healey, D. B. Leeson, T. E. McGunigal, J. A. Mullen, W. L. Smith, R. L. Sydnor, R. F. C. Vessot, and G. M. R. Winkler, “Characterization of frequency stability,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-20(2), 105–120 (1971).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control (1)

K. Hosaka, H. Inaba, Y. Nakajima, M. Yasuda, T. Kohno, A. Onae, and F.-L. Hong, “Evaluation of the clock laser for an Yb lattice clock using an optic fiber comb,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 57(3), 606–612 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

L. D. Turner, K. P. Weber, C. J. Hawthorn, and R. E. Scholten, “Frequency noise characterization of narrow linewidth diode lasers,” Opt. Commun. 201(4-6), 391–397 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

N. Poli, Z. W. Barber, N. D. Lemke, C. W. Oates, L. S. Ma, J. E. Stalnaker, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, J. Bergquist, A. Brusch, S. Jefferts, T. Heavner, and T. Parker, “Frequency evaluation of the doubly forbidden 1S0-3P0 transition in bosonic 174Yb,” Phys. Rev. A 77(5), 050501(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. G. Porsev, A. Derevianko, and E. N. Fortson, “Possibility of an optical clock using the 6 1S0 → 6 3P0transition in 171,173Yb atoms held in an optical lattice,” Phys. Rev. A 69, 021403(R) (2004).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

Z. W. Barber, J. E. Stalnaker, N. D. Lemke, N. Poli, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, C. W. Hoyt, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Optical lattice induced light shifts in an yb atomic clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 103002 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Hoyt, Z. W. Barber, C. W. Oates, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, and L. Hollberg, “Observation and absolute frequency measurements of the 1S0-3P0 optical clock transition in neutral ytterbium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(8), 083003 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. W. Barber, C. W. Hoyt, C. W. Oates, L. Hollberg, A. V. Taichenachev, and V. I. Yudin, “Direct excitation of the forbidden clock transition in neutral 174Yb atoms confined to an optical lattice,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(8), 083002 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. D. Lemke, A. D. Ludlow, Z. W. Barber, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, Y. Jiang, S. R. Jefferts, T. P. Heavner, T. E. Parker, and C. W. Oates, “Spin-1/2 optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 103(6), 063001 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Brusch, R. Le Targat, X. Baillard, M. Fouché, and P. Lemonde, “Hyperpolarizability effects in a Sr optical lattice clock,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(10), 103003 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (3)

A. S. Arnold, J. S. Wilson, and M. G. Boshier, “A simple extended-cavity diode laser,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 69(3), 1236–1239 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Hawthorn, K. P. Weber, and R. E. Scholten, “Littrow configuration tunable external cavity diode laser with fixed direction output beam,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 72(12), 4477–4479 (2001).
[CrossRef]

W.-K. Lee, C. Y. Park, J. Mun, and D.-H. Yu, “Linewidth reduction of a distributed-feedback diode laser using an all-fiber interferometer with short path imbalance,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82(7), 073105 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental Setup. (ECDL; external-cavity diode laser, GC; gain chip, AL; aspheric lens, M; mirror, G; diffraction grating, PZT; piezoelectric transducer, CL; cylindrical lens set, ISO; optical isolator, HWP; half-wave plate, PBS; polarizing beam splitter, L; Lens, WG-PPLN; waveguide periodically-poled lithium niobate, F; short-pass filter).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Output power of a gain chip without optical feedback by a diffraction grating (open black circles) and that of an ECDL with 5% feedback by a diffraction grating (filled red circles) as a function of the operating current, (b) Fiber-Mach-Zehnder interferometer signal when the laser frequency was scanned.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Frequency noise power spectral density of the free-running 1156-nm ECDL (black line) and the measurement limit (gray line).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The noise spectrum at the mixer input, when the frequency of the ECDL was stabilized by a heterodyne FMZI method. The servo bump can be seen at 1.8 MHz, which represents the minimum value of the modulation bandwidth of the JFET current control.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Output power of SHG by WG-PPLN as a function of the temperature

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Output power of SHG (filled red circles) and the conversion efficiency (open blue circles) as a function of the input power of 1156-nm laser.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Measured heterodyne beat spectrum between the free-running frequency-doubled 1156-nm ECDL and a narrow 578-nm radiation obtained by the SFG (sweep time; 2.44 ms).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Long-term frequency measurement of the free-running frequency-doubled 1156-nm ECDL by a high-resolution wavelength meter.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Relative frequency stability of the free-running frequency-doubled 1156-nm ECDL in terms of Allan deviation (filled red circles) and the wavelength meter stability limit (open blue circles).

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