Abstract

High order harmonics generation from argon gas was comprehensively investigated by using multi-cycle and few-cycle laser pulses. Non-odd order harmonics were observed for sub-5-fs pulses, compare to the normal odd-order harmonics in the multi-cycle case. Theoretic analysis shows that the new spectral structure origins from the asymmetry of laser field in few-cycle pulses. This asymmetry induced both amplitude and phase difference between attosecond pulses from consecutive half-cycle of the laser field, which change the interference property of attosecond pulses and result in complex spectrum.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. T. Brabec and F. Krausz, “Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 72(2), 545–591 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  2. F. Krausz, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(1), 163–234 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 103906 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. B. Wang, X. Li, and P. Fu, “The effects of a static electric field on high-order harmonic generation,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 31(9), 1961–1972 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Single attosecond pulse generation in the multicycle-driver regime by adding a weak second-harmonic field,” Opt. Lett. 31(7), 975–977 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. C. Liu, S. Gong, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Coherent control in the generation of harmonics and hyper-Raman lines from a strongly driven two-level atom,” Phys. Rev. A 69(2), 023406 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. L. Ishikawa, “Efficient photoemission and ionization of He+ by a combined fundamental laser and high-order harmonic pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 70(1), 013412 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. Liu and T. Nakajima, “Controlling the strong field dynamics by a time-delayed near- and mid-infrared two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 78(6), 063424 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, and G. Tondello, “Effects of carrier-envelope phase differences of few-optical-cycle light pulses in single-shot high-order-harmonic spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(21), 213905 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. E. Mansten, J. M. Dahlstrom, J. Mauritsson, T. Ruchon, A. L’huillier, J. Tate, M. B. Gaarde, P. Eckle, A. Guandalini, M. Holler, F. Schapper, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Spectral signature of short attosecond pulse trains,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(8), 083002 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. W. Zhang, H. Teng, C. Yun, X. Zhong, H. Hou, and Z. Wei, “Generation of sub-2-cycle optical pulses with a differentially pumped hollow fiber,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 27(5), 054211 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. C. Yun, H. Teng, W. Zhang, M. Zhan, H. Han, X. Zhong, Z. Wei, B. Wang, and X. Hou, “High-order harmonic generation by few-cycle and multi-cycle femtosecond laser pulses,” Chin. Phys. B 19(12), 124210 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  15. P. Salieres, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Coherence control of high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(19), 3776–3779 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

W. Zhang, H. Teng, C. Yun, X. Zhong, H. Hou, and Z. Wei, “Generation of sub-2-cycle optical pulses with a differentially pumped hollow fiber,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 27(5), 054211 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Yun, H. Teng, W. Zhang, M. Zhan, H. Han, X. Zhong, Z. Wei, B. Wang, and X. Hou, “High-order harmonic generation by few-cycle and multi-cycle femtosecond laser pulses,” Chin. Phys. B 19(12), 124210 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

E. Mansten, J. M. Dahlstrom, J. Mauritsson, T. Ruchon, A. L’huillier, J. Tate, M. B. Gaarde, P. Eckle, A. Guandalini, M. Holler, F. Schapper, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Spectral signature of short attosecond pulse trains,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(8), 083002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Krausz, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(1), 163–234 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Liu and T. Nakajima, “Controlling the strong field dynamics by a time-delayed near- and mid-infrared two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 78(6), 063424 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Single attosecond pulse generation in the multicycle-driver regime by adding a weak second-harmonic field,” Opt. Lett. 31(7), 975–977 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Liu, S. Gong, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Coherent control in the generation of harmonics and hyper-Raman lines from a strongly driven two-level atom,” Phys. Rev. A 69(2), 023406 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Ishikawa, “Efficient photoemission and ionization of He+ by a combined fundamental laser and high-order harmonic pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 70(1), 013412 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, and G. Tondello, “Effects of carrier-envelope phase differences of few-optical-cycle light pulses in single-shot high-order-harmonic spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(21), 213905 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, “Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 72(2), 545–591 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

B. Wang, X. Li, and P. Fu, “The effects of a static electric field on high-order harmonic generation,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 31(9), 1961–1972 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

P. Salieres, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Coherence control of high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(19), 3776–3779 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Abel, M. J.

Altucci, C.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Avaldi, L.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baltuska, A.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bammer, F.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benedetti, E.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brabec, T.

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, “Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 72(2), 545–591 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Calegari, F.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, Z.

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dahlstrom, J. M.

E. Mansten, J. M. Dahlstrom, J. Mauritsson, T. Ruchon, A. L’huillier, J. Tate, M. B. Gaarde, P. Eckle, A. Guandalini, M. Holler, F. Schapper, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Spectral signature of short attosecond pulse trains,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(8), 083002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De Silvestri, S.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, and G. Tondello, “Effects of carrier-envelope phase differences of few-optical-cycle light pulses in single-shot high-order-harmonic spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(21), 213905 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Drescher, M.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eckle, P.

E. Mansten, J. M. Dahlstrom, J. Mauritsson, T. Ruchon, A. L’huillier, J. Tate, M. B. Gaarde, P. Eckle, A. Guandalini, M. Holler, F. Schapper, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Spectral signature of short attosecond pulse trains,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(8), 083002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Flammini, R.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fu, P.

B. Wang, X. Li, and P. Fu, “The effects of a static electric field on high-order harmonic generation,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 31(9), 1961–1972 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gaarde, M. B.

E. Mansten, J. M. Dahlstrom, J. Mauritsson, T. Ruchon, A. L’huillier, J. Tate, M. B. Gaarde, P. Eckle, A. Guandalini, M. Holler, F. Schapper, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Spectral signature of short attosecond pulse trains,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(8), 083002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gallmann, L.

E. Mansten, J. M. Dahlstrom, J. Mauritsson, T. Ruchon, A. L’huillier, J. Tate, M. B. Gaarde, P. Eckle, A. Guandalini, M. Holler, F. Schapper, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Spectral signature of short attosecond pulse trains,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(8), 083002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. J. Abel, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Single attosecond pulse generation in the multicycle-driver regime by adding a weak second-harmonic field,” Opt. Lett. 31(7), 975–977 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gilbertson, S.

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gong, S.

C. Liu, S. Gong, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Coherent control in the generation of harmonics and hyper-Raman lines from a strongly driven two-level atom,” Phys. Rev. A 69(2), 023406 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Goulielmakis, E.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guandalini, A.

E. Mansten, J. M. Dahlstrom, J. Mauritsson, T. Ruchon, A. L’huillier, J. Tate, M. B. Gaarde, P. Eckle, A. Guandalini, M. Holler, F. Schapper, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Spectral signature of short attosecond pulse trains,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(8), 083002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Han, H.

C. Yun, H. Teng, W. Zhang, M. Zhan, H. Han, X. Zhong, Z. Wei, B. Wang, and X. Hou, “High-order harmonic generation by few-cycle and multi-cycle femtosecond laser pulses,” Chin. Phys. B 19(12), 124210 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Heinzmann, U.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holler, M.

E. Mansten, J. M. Dahlstrom, J. Mauritsson, T. Ruchon, A. L’huillier, J. Tate, M. B. Gaarde, P. Eckle, A. Guandalini, M. Holler, F. Schapper, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Spectral signature of short attosecond pulse trains,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(8), 083002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hou, H.

W. Zhang, H. Teng, C. Yun, X. Zhong, H. Hou, and Z. Wei, “Generation of sub-2-cycle optical pulses with a differentially pumped hollow fiber,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 27(5), 054211 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hou, X.

C. Yun, H. Teng, W. Zhang, M. Zhan, H. Han, X. Zhong, Z. Wei, B. Wang, and X. Hou, “High-order harmonic generation by few-cycle and multi-cycle femtosecond laser pulses,” Chin. Phys. B 19(12), 124210 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ishikawa, K. L.

K. L. Ishikawa, “Efficient photoemission and ionization of He+ by a combined fundamental laser and high-order harmonic pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 70(1), 013412 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

E. Mansten, J. M. Dahlstrom, J. Mauritsson, T. Ruchon, A. L’huillier, J. Tate, M. B. Gaarde, P. Eckle, A. Guandalini, M. Holler, F. Schapper, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Spectral signature of short attosecond pulse trains,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(8), 083002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khan, S. D.

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kienberger, R.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kleineberg, U.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krausz, F.

F. Krausz, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(1), 163–234 (2009).
[CrossRef]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, “Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 72(2), 545–591 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L’huillier, A.

E. Mansten, J. M. Dahlstrom, J. Mauritsson, T. Ruchon, A. L’huillier, J. Tate, M. B. Gaarde, P. Eckle, A. Guandalini, M. Holler, F. Schapper, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Spectral signature of short attosecond pulse trains,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(8), 083002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Salieres, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Coherence control of high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(19), 3776–3779 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leone, S. R.

Lewenstein, M.

P. Salieres, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Coherence control of high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(19), 3776–3779 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, C.

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, R.

C. Liu, S. Gong, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Coherent control in the generation of harmonics and hyper-Raman lines from a strongly driven two-level atom,” Phys. Rev. A 69(2), 023406 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

B. Wang, X. Li, and P. Fu, “The effects of a static electric field on high-order harmonic generation,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 31(9), 1961–1972 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Liu, C.

C. Liu and T. Nakajima, “Controlling the strong field dynamics by a time-delayed near- and mid-infrared two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 78(6), 063424 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Liu, S. Gong, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Coherent control in the generation of harmonics and hyper-Raman lines from a strongly driven two-level atom,” Phys. Rev. A 69(2), 023406 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mansten, E.

E. Mansten, J. M. Dahlstrom, J. Mauritsson, T. Ruchon, A. L’huillier, J. Tate, M. B. Gaarde, P. Eckle, A. Guandalini, M. Holler, F. Schapper, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Spectral signature of short attosecond pulse trains,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(8), 083002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mashiko, H.

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mauritsson, J.

E. Mansten, J. M. Dahlstrom, J. Mauritsson, T. Ruchon, A. L’huillier, J. Tate, M. B. Gaarde, P. Eckle, A. Guandalini, M. Holler, F. Schapper, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Spectral signature of short attosecond pulse trains,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(8), 083002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moon, E.

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nakajima, T.

C. Liu and T. Nakajima, “Controlling the strong field dynamics by a time-delayed near- and mid-infrared two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 78(6), 063424 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Neumark, D. M.

Nisoli, M.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, and G. Tondello, “Effects of carrier-envelope phase differences of few-optical-cycle light pulses in single-shot high-order-harmonic spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(21), 213905 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pascolini, M.

M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, and G. Tondello, “Effects of carrier-envelope phase differences of few-optical-cycle light pulses in single-shot high-order-harmonic spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(21), 213905 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pfeifer, T.

Poletto, L.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, and G. Tondello, “Effects of carrier-envelope phase differences of few-optical-cycle light pulses in single-shot high-order-harmonic spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(21), 213905 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ruchon, T.

E. Mansten, J. M. Dahlstrom, J. Mauritsson, T. Ruchon, A. L’huillier, J. Tate, M. B. Gaarde, P. Eckle, A. Guandalini, M. Holler, F. Schapper, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Spectral signature of short attosecond pulse trains,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(8), 083002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salieres, P.

P. Salieres, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Coherence control of high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(19), 3776–3779 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sansone, G.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, and G. Tondello, “Effects of carrier-envelope phase differences of few-optical-cycle light pulses in single-shot high-order-harmonic spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(21), 213905 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schapper, F.

E. Mansten, J. M. Dahlstrom, J. Mauritsson, T. Ruchon, A. L’huillier, J. Tate, M. B. Gaarde, P. Eckle, A. Guandalini, M. Holler, F. Schapper, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Spectral signature of short attosecond pulse trains,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(8), 083002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scrinzi, A.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shakya, M. M.

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stagira, S.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, and G. Tondello, “Effects of carrier-envelope phase differences of few-optical-cycle light pulses in single-shot high-order-harmonic spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(21), 213905 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tate, J.

E. Mansten, J. M. Dahlstrom, J. Mauritsson, T. Ruchon, A. L’huillier, J. Tate, M. B. Gaarde, P. Eckle, A. Guandalini, M. Holler, F. Schapper, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Spectral signature of short attosecond pulse trains,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(8), 083002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Teng, H.

W. Zhang, H. Teng, C. Yun, X. Zhong, H. Hou, and Z. Wei, “Generation of sub-2-cycle optical pulses with a differentially pumped hollow fiber,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 27(5), 054211 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Yun, H. Teng, W. Zhang, M. Zhan, H. Han, X. Zhong, Z. Wei, B. Wang, and X. Hou, “High-order harmonic generation by few-cycle and multi-cycle femtosecond laser pulses,” Chin. Phys. B 19(12), 124210 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tondello, G.

M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, and G. Tondello, “Effects of carrier-envelope phase differences of few-optical-cycle light pulses in single-shot high-order-harmonic spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(21), 213905 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uiberacker, M.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Velotta, R.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Villoresi, P.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, and G. Tondello, “Effects of carrier-envelope phase differences of few-optical-cycle light pulses in single-shot high-order-harmonic spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(21), 213905 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vozzi, C.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, and G. Tondello, “Effects of carrier-envelope phase differences of few-optical-cycle light pulses in single-shot high-order-harmonic spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(21), 213905 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, B.

C. Yun, H. Teng, W. Zhang, M. Zhan, H. Han, X. Zhong, Z. Wei, B. Wang, and X. Hou, “High-order harmonic generation by few-cycle and multi-cycle femtosecond laser pulses,” Chin. Phys. B 19(12), 124210 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Wang, X. Li, and P. Fu, “The effects of a static electric field on high-order harmonic generation,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 31(9), 1961–1972 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wei, Z.

C. Yun, H. Teng, W. Zhang, M. Zhan, H. Han, X. Zhong, Z. Wei, B. Wang, and X. Hou, “High-order harmonic generation by few-cycle and multi-cycle femtosecond laser pulses,” Chin. Phys. B 19(12), 124210 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhang, H. Teng, C. Yun, X. Zhong, H. Hou, and Z. Wei, “Generation of sub-2-cycle optical pulses with a differentially pumped hollow fiber,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 27(5), 054211 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Westerwalbesloh, Th.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, Z.

C. Liu, S. Gong, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Coherent control in the generation of harmonics and hyper-Raman lines from a strongly driven two-level atom,” Phys. Rev. A 69(2), 023406 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yakovlev, V.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yun, C.

W. Zhang, H. Teng, C. Yun, X. Zhong, H. Hou, and Z. Wei, “Generation of sub-2-cycle optical pulses with a differentially pumped hollow fiber,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 27(5), 054211 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Yun, H. Teng, W. Zhang, M. Zhan, H. Han, X. Zhong, Z. Wei, B. Wang, and X. Hou, “High-order harmonic generation by few-cycle and multi-cycle femtosecond laser pulses,” Chin. Phys. B 19(12), 124210 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhan, M.

C. Yun, H. Teng, W. Zhang, M. Zhan, H. Han, X. Zhong, Z. Wei, B. Wang, and X. Hou, “High-order harmonic generation by few-cycle and multi-cycle femtosecond laser pulses,” Chin. Phys. B 19(12), 124210 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W.

C. Yun, H. Teng, W. Zhang, M. Zhan, H. Han, X. Zhong, Z. Wei, B. Wang, and X. Hou, “High-order harmonic generation by few-cycle and multi-cycle femtosecond laser pulses,” Chin. Phys. B 19(12), 124210 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Zhang, H. Teng, C. Yun, X. Zhong, H. Hou, and Z. Wei, “Generation of sub-2-cycle optical pulses with a differentially pumped hollow fiber,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 27(5), 054211 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhong, X.

W. Zhang, H. Teng, C. Yun, X. Zhong, H. Hou, and Z. Wei, “Generation of sub-2-cycle optical pulses with a differentially pumped hollow fiber,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 27(5), 054211 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Yun, H. Teng, W. Zhang, M. Zhan, H. Han, X. Zhong, Z. Wei, B. Wang, and X. Hou, “High-order harmonic generation by few-cycle and multi-cycle femtosecond laser pulses,” Chin. Phys. B 19(12), 124210 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. B (1)

C. Yun, H. Teng, W. Zhang, M. Zhan, H. Han, X. Zhong, Z. Wei, B. Wang, and X. Hou, “High-order harmonic generation by few-cycle and multi-cycle femtosecond laser pulses,” Chin. Phys. B 19(12), 124210 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

W. Zhang, H. Teng, C. Yun, X. Zhong, H. Hou, and Z. Wei, “Generation of sub-2-cycle optical pulses with a differentially pumped hollow fiber,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 27(5), 054211 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. (1)

B. Wang, X. Li, and P. Fu, “The effects of a static electric field on high-order harmonic generation,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 31(9), 1961–1972 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature 427(6977), 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (3)

C. Liu, S. Gong, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Coherent control in the generation of harmonics and hyper-Raman lines from a strongly driven two-level atom,” Phys. Rev. A 69(2), 023406 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Ishikawa, “Efficient photoemission and ionization of He+ by a combined fundamental laser and high-order harmonic pulse,” Phys. Rev. A 70(1), 013412 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Liu and T. Nakajima, “Controlling the strong field dynamics by a time-delayed near- and mid-infrared two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. A 78(6), 063424 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, and G. Tondello, “Effects of carrier-envelope phase differences of few-optical-cycle light pulses in single-shot high-order-harmonic spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(21), 213905 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Mansten, J. M. Dahlstrom, J. Mauritsson, T. Ruchon, A. L’huillier, J. Tate, M. B. Gaarde, P. Eckle, A. Guandalini, M. Holler, F. Schapper, L. Gallmann, and U. Keller, “Spectral signature of short attosecond pulse trains,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(8), 083002 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Salieres, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Coherence control of high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74(19), 3776–3779 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(10), 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (2)

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, “Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 72(2), 545–591 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F. Krausz, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 81(1), 163–234 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science 314(5798), 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The second order interferometric autocorrelation of compressed supercontinuum generated from differential pumped hollow fiber. The calculated pulse duration is 3.9 fs (FWHM), corresponding to 1.5-cycle with a carrier wavelength of 780nm

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for generation and measurement of HHG spectrum

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

High-order harmonic spectrum from argon gas show complex structure distribution of spectrum with additional frequency components are located between the consecutive odd- order harmonics when driving laser pulses is only sub-5-fs (a), and discrete odd-order HHG distribution when driving laser pulses consist of multi-cycle (b)

Equations (2)

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S ( t ) = j = 1 N a + ( t ) δ ( t j T ) j = 1 M a ( t ) δ ( t j T T / 2 )
S ( Ω ) A ( Ω ) ( j = 1 N e i j Ω T j = 1 M e i j Ω T + i Ω T 2 )

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