Abstract

We present an easy way to calibrate the simple plasma conductivity (PCo) technique for measuring electron plasma densities in gases. We show that calibration can be achieved using a single absolute plasma density measurement through an independent analytical technique, in our case the in-line holographic microscopy (i-HOM). We show the validity and power of the method by comparing the calibrated PCo with results from i-HOM over an extended range of experimental parameters.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2009

2008

2007

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441(2-4), 47–189 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Eisenmann, A. Pukhov, and A. Zigler, “Fine structure of a laser-plasma filament in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(15), 155002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

2004

2003

G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, R. Bourayou, R. Sauerbrey, M. Rodriguez, L. Wöste, H. Lehmann, B. Stecklum, U. Laux, J. Eislöffel, A. Scholz, and A. P. Hatzes, “Towards a supercontinuum-based infrared lidar,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 357–359 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Hosseini, B. Ferland, and S. L. Chin, “Measurement of filament length generated by an intense femtosecond laser pulse using electromagnetic radiation detection,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 583–586 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

2001

S. Rebibo, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, G. Grillon, J. P. Chambaret, and J. C. Gauthier, “Single-shot spectral interferometry of femtosecond laser-produced plasmas,” Laser Part. Beams 19(1), 67–73 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Becker, N. Aközbek, K. Vijayalakshmi, E. Oral, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping and re-focusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 287–290 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, S. Hüller, and P. Mora, “Femtosecond laser-guided electric discharge in air,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 64(5), 057401 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000

C. Y. Chien, B. La Fontaine, A. Desparois, Z. Jiang, T. W. Johnston, J. C. Kieffer, H. Pépin, F. Vidal, and H. P. Mercure, “Single-shot chirped-pulse spectral interferometry used to measure the femtosecond ionization dynamics of air,” Opt. Lett. 25(8), 578–580 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Time-evolution of the plasma channel at the trail of a self-guided IR femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 181(1-3), 123–127 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

S. Tzortzakis, M. A. Franco, Y. B. André, A. Chiron, B. Lamouroux, B. S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Formation of a conducting channel in air by self-guided femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 60(4), R3505–R3507 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994

Abdollahpour, D.

Aközbek, N.

A. Becker, N. Aközbek, K. Vijayalakshmi, E. Oral, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping and re-focusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 287–290 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Akturk, S.

S. Akturk, B. Zhou, M. Franco, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Generation of long plasma channels in air by focusing ultrashort laser pulses with an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 282, 129–134 (2009).
[CrossRef]

André, Y. B.

S. Tzortzakis, M. A. Franco, Y. B. André, A. Chiron, B. Lamouroux, B. S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Formation of a conducting channel in air by self-guided femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 60(4), R3505–R3507 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anglos, D.

Antonetti, A.

Audebert, P.

Becker, A.

A. Becker, N. Aközbek, K. Vijayalakshmi, E. Oral, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping and re-focusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 287–290 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bourayou, R.

G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, R. Bourayou, R. Sauerbrey, M. Rodriguez, L. Wöste, H. Lehmann, B. Stecklum, U. Laux, J. Eislöffel, A. Scholz, and A. P. Hatzes, “Towards a supercontinuum-based infrared lidar,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 357–359 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bowden, C. M.

A. Becker, N. Aközbek, K. Vijayalakshmi, E. Oral, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping and re-focusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 287–290 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Centurion, M.

Chambaret, J. P.

S. Rebibo, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, G. Grillon, J. P. Chambaret, and J. C. Gauthier, “Single-shot spectral interferometry of femtosecond laser-produced plasmas,” Laser Part. Beams 19(1), 67–73 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chien, C. Y.

Chin, S. L.

S. A. Hosseini, B. Ferland, and S. L. Chin, “Measurement of filament length generated by an intense femtosecond laser pulse using electromagnetic radiation detection,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 583–586 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Becker, N. Aközbek, K. Vijayalakshmi, E. Oral, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping and re-focusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 287–290 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chiron, A.

S. Tzortzakis, M. A. Franco, Y. B. André, A. Chiron, B. Lamouroux, B. S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Formation of a conducting channel in air by self-guided femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 60(4), R3505–R3507 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Couairon, A.

Desparois, A.

Di Trapani, P.

Dubietis, A.

Eisenmann, S.

S. Eisenmann, A. Pukhov, and A. Zigler, “Fine structure of a laser-plasma filament in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(15), 155002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eislöffel, J.

G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, R. Bourayou, R. Sauerbrey, M. Rodriguez, L. Wöste, H. Lehmann, B. Stecklum, U. Laux, J. Eislöffel, A. Scholz, and A. P. Hatzes, “Towards a supercontinuum-based infrared lidar,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 357–359 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Faccio, D.

Falliès, F.

Ferland, B.

S. A. Hosseini, B. Ferland, and S. L. Chin, “Measurement of filament length generated by an intense femtosecond laser pulse using electromagnetic radiation detection,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 583–586 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Franco, M.

S. Akturk, B. Zhou, M. Franco, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Generation of long plasma channels in air by focusing ultrashort laser pulses with an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 282, 129–134 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, S. Hüller, and P. Mora, “Femtosecond laser-guided electric discharge in air,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 64(5), 057401 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Time-evolution of the plasma channel at the trail of a self-guided IR femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 181(1-3), 123–127 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Franco, M. A.

S. Tzortzakis, M. A. Franco, Y. B. André, A. Chiron, B. Lamouroux, B. S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Formation of a conducting channel in air by self-guided femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 60(4), R3505–R3507 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gauthier, J. C.

Geindre, J. P.

Gopal, A.

Gray, D.

Grillon, G.

S. Rebibo, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, G. Grillon, J. P. Chambaret, and J. C. Gauthier, “Single-shot spectral interferometry of femtosecond laser-produced plasmas,” Laser Part. Beams 19(1), 67–73 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hamoniaux, G.

Hänsch, T. W.

Hatzes, A. P.

G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, R. Bourayou, R. Sauerbrey, M. Rodriguez, L. Wöste, H. Lehmann, B. Stecklum, U. Laux, J. Eislöffel, A. Scholz, and A. P. Hatzes, “Towards a supercontinuum-based infrared lidar,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 357–359 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hong, J.

Hosseini, S. A.

S. A. Hosseini, B. Ferland, and S. L. Chin, “Measurement of filament length generated by an intense femtosecond laser pulse using electromagnetic radiation detection,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 583–586 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hüller, S.

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, S. Hüller, and P. Mora, “Femtosecond laser-guided electric discharge in air,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 64(5), 057401 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jedrkiewicz, O.

Jiang, Z.

Johnston, T. W.

Kasparian, J.

G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, R. Bourayou, R. Sauerbrey, M. Rodriguez, L. Wöste, H. Lehmann, B. Stecklum, U. Laux, J. Eislöffel, A. Scholz, and A. P. Hatzes, “Towards a supercontinuum-based infrared lidar,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 357–359 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kieffer, J. C.

Kim, K.-Y.

La Fontaine, B.

Lamouroux, B.

S. Tzortzakis, M. A. Franco, Y. B. André, A. Chiron, B. Lamouroux, B. S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Formation of a conducting channel in air by self-guided femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 60(4), R3505–R3507 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laux, U.

G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, R. Bourayou, R. Sauerbrey, M. Rodriguez, L. Wöste, H. Lehmann, B. Stecklum, U. Laux, J. Eislöffel, A. Scholz, and A. P. Hatzes, “Towards a supercontinuum-based infrared lidar,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 357–359 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lehmann, H.

G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, R. Bourayou, R. Sauerbrey, M. Rodriguez, L. Wöste, H. Lehmann, B. Stecklum, U. Laux, J. Eislöffel, A. Scholz, and A. P. Hatzes, “Towards a supercontinuum-based infrared lidar,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 357–359 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z.

Méjean, G.

G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, R. Bourayou, R. Sauerbrey, M. Rodriguez, L. Wöste, H. Lehmann, B. Stecklum, U. Laux, J. Eislöffel, A. Scholz, and A. P. Hatzes, “Towards a supercontinuum-based infrared lidar,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 357–359 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mercure, H. P.

Minardi, S.

Mora, P.

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, S. Hüller, and P. Mora, “Femtosecond laser-guided electric discharge in air,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 64(5), 057401 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mysyrowicz, A.

S. Akturk, B. Zhou, M. Franco, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Generation of long plasma channels in air by focusing ultrashort laser pulses with an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 282, 129–134 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441(2-4), 47–189 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, S. Hüller, and P. Mora, “Femtosecond laser-guided electric discharge in air,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 64(5), 057401 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Time-evolution of the plasma channel at the trail of a self-guided IR femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 181(1-3), 123–127 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Tzortzakis, M. A. Franco, Y. B. André, A. Chiron, B. Lamouroux, B. S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Formation of a conducting channel in air by self-guided femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 60(4), R3505–R3507 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, A. Rousse, F. Falliès, J. C. Gauthier, A. Mysyrowicz, A. D. Santos, G. Hamoniaux, and A. Antonetti, “Frequency-domain interferometer for measuring the phase and amplitude of a femtosecond pulse probing a laser-produced plasma,” Opt. Lett. 19(23), 1997–1999 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oral, E.

A. Becker, N. Aközbek, K. Vijayalakshmi, E. Oral, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping and re-focusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 287–290 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Panagiotopoulos, P.

Panotopoulos, G.

Papazoglou, D. G.

Pépin, H.

Piskarskas, R.

Prade, B.

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, S. Hüller, and P. Mora, “Femtosecond laser-guided electric discharge in air,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 64(5), 057401 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Time-evolution of the plasma channel at the trail of a self-guided IR femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 181(1-3), 123–127 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Prade, B. S.

S. Tzortzakis, M. A. Franco, Y. B. André, A. Chiron, B. Lamouroux, B. S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Formation of a conducting channel in air by self-guided femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 60(4), R3505–R3507 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Psaltis, D.

Pu, Y.

Pukhov, A.

S. Eisenmann, A. Pukhov, and A. Zigler, “Fine structure of a laser-plasma filament in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(15), 155002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rebibo, S.

S. Rebibo, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, G. Grillon, J. P. Chambaret, and J. C. Gauthier, “Single-shot spectral interferometry of femtosecond laser-produced plasmas,” Laser Part. Beams 19(1), 67–73 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez, G.

Rodriguez, M.

G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, R. Bourayou, R. Sauerbrey, M. Rodriguez, L. Wöste, H. Lehmann, B. Stecklum, U. Laux, J. Eislöffel, A. Scholz, and A. P. Hatzes, “Towards a supercontinuum-based infrared lidar,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 357–359 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rousse, A.

Salmon, E.

G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, R. Bourayou, R. Sauerbrey, M. Rodriguez, L. Wöste, H. Lehmann, B. Stecklum, U. Laux, J. Eislöffel, A. Scholz, and A. P. Hatzes, “Towards a supercontinuum-based infrared lidar,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 357–359 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Santos, A. D.

Sauerbrey, R.

G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, R. Bourayou, R. Sauerbrey, M. Rodriguez, L. Wöste, H. Lehmann, B. Stecklum, U. Laux, J. Eislöffel, A. Scholz, and A. P. Hatzes, “Towards a supercontinuum-based infrared lidar,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 357–359 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schmitt, M. J.

Scholz, A.

G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, R. Bourayou, R. Sauerbrey, M. Rodriguez, L. Wöste, H. Lehmann, B. Stecklum, U. Laux, J. Eislöffel, A. Scholz, and A. P. Hatzes, “Towards a supercontinuum-based infrared lidar,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 357–359 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Stecklum, B.

G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, R. Bourayou, R. Sauerbrey, M. Rodriguez, L. Wöste, H. Lehmann, B. Stecklum, U. Laux, J. Eislöffel, A. Scholz, and A. P. Hatzes, “Towards a supercontinuum-based infrared lidar,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 357–359 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tamosauskas, G.

Tatarakis, M.

Turconi, M.

Tzortzakis, S.

D. Abdollahpour, P. Panagiotopoulos, M. Turconi, O. Jedrkiewicz, D. Faccio, P. Di Trapani, A. Couairon, D. G. Papazoglou, and S. Tzortzakis, “Long spatio-temporally stationary filaments in air using short pulse UV laser Bessel beams,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5052–5057 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Papazoglou and S. Tzortzakis, “In-line holography for the characterization of ultrafast laser filamentation in transparent media,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(4), 041120–041123 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Tzortzakis, D. Anglos, and D. Gray, “Ultraviolet laser filaments for remote laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) analysis: applications in cultural heritage monitoring,” Opt. Lett. 31(8), 1139–1141 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, S. Hüller, and P. Mora, “Femtosecond laser-guided electric discharge in air,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 64(5), 057401 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Time-evolution of the plasma channel at the trail of a self-guided IR femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 181(1-3), 123–127 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Tzortzakis, M. A. Franco, Y. B. André, A. Chiron, B. Lamouroux, B. S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Formation of a conducting channel in air by self-guided femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 60(4), R3505–R3507 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Valenzuela, A. R.

Vidal, F.

Vijayalakshmi, K.

A. Becker, N. Aközbek, K. Vijayalakshmi, E. Oral, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping and re-focusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 287–290 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, J. P.

G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, R. Bourayou, R. Sauerbrey, M. Rodriguez, L. Wöste, H. Lehmann, B. Stecklum, U. Laux, J. Eislöffel, A. Scholz, and A. P. Hatzes, “Towards a supercontinuum-based infrared lidar,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 357–359 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wöste, L.

G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, R. Bourayou, R. Sauerbrey, M. Rodriguez, L. Wöste, H. Lehmann, B. Stecklum, U. Laux, J. Eislöffel, A. Scholz, and A. P. Hatzes, “Towards a supercontinuum-based infrared lidar,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 357–359 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yellampalle, B.

Yu, J.

G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, R. Bourayou, R. Sauerbrey, M. Rodriguez, L. Wöste, H. Lehmann, B. Stecklum, U. Laux, J. Eislöffel, A. Scholz, and A. P. Hatzes, “Towards a supercontinuum-based infrared lidar,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 357–359 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, B.

S. Akturk, B. Zhou, M. Franco, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Generation of long plasma channels in air by focusing ultrashort laser pulses with an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 282, 129–134 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zigler, A.

S. Eisenmann, A. Pukhov, and A. Zigler, “Fine structure of a laser-plasma filament in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(15), 155002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B

G. Méjean, J. Kasparian, E. Salmon, J. Yu, J. P. Wolf, R. Bourayou, R. Sauerbrey, M. Rodriguez, L. Wöste, H. Lehmann, B. Stecklum, U. Laux, J. Eislöffel, A. Scholz, and A. P. Hatzes, “Towards a supercontinuum-based infrared lidar,” Appl. Phys. B 77, 357–359 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Hosseini, B. Ferland, and S. L. Chin, “Measurement of filament length generated by an intense femtosecond laser pulse using electromagnetic radiation detection,” Appl. Phys. B 76, 583–586 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Becker, N. Aközbek, K. Vijayalakshmi, E. Oral, C. M. Bowden, and S. L. Chin, “Intensity clamping and re-focusing of intense femtosecond laser pulses in nitrogen molecular gas,” Appl. Phys. B 73, 287–290 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

D. G. Papazoglou and S. Tzortzakis, “In-line holography for the characterization of ultrafast laser filamentation in transparent media,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(4), 041120–041123 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Laser Part. Beams

S. Rebibo, J. P. Geindre, P. Audebert, G. Grillon, J. P. Chambaret, and J. C. Gauthier, “Single-shot spectral interferometry of femtosecond laser-produced plasmas,” Laser Part. Beams 19(1), 67–73 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Time-evolution of the plasma channel at the trail of a self-guided IR femtosecond laser pulse in air,” Opt. Commun. 181(1-3), 123–127 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Akturk, B. Zhou, M. Franco, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Generation of long plasma channels in air by focusing ultrashort laser pulses with an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 282, 129–134 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rep.

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441(2-4), 47–189 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, S. Hüller, and P. Mora, “Femtosecond laser-guided electric discharge in air,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 64(5), 057401 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics

S. Tzortzakis, M. A. Franco, Y. B. André, A. Chiron, B. Lamouroux, B. S. Prade, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Formation of a conducting channel in air by self-guided femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 60(4), R3505–R3507 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

S. Eisenmann, A. Pukhov, and A. Zigler, “Fine structure of a laser-plasma filament in air,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(15), 155002 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) PCo experimental setup scheme, and (b) peak PCo signal vs. laser pulse energy for a plasma channel created by focusing the laser beam using an f=100 mm lens.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Transverse CCD images of plasma fluorescence for different laser pulse energies, and (b) corresponding retrieved spatial distribution of the electron density using i-HOM.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

i-HOM- and calibrated PCo-measured electron densities vs. input pulse energy for plasma strings created by f = 100 mm (a), and f= 300 mm (b) lenses (see text for calibration details).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Estimated electron density from calibrated PCo measurements in plasma strings using different laser pulse durations and energies (f= 100 mm).

Equations (3)

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E P V p E n e r p 2 l p
Δ V = I R R n e r p 2 l p R
n e = ( r p r e f / r p ) 2 ( l p r e f / l p ) ( Δ V / Δ V r e f ) n e r e f

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