Abstract

The absorptive and refractive third order nonlinear optical properties exhibited by a ZnO thin solid film with fluorine nanoparticles were studied with picosecond and femtosecond pulses using different techniques. We were able to evaluate the photoconductivity of the material and the quenching of the induced birefringence observed in the presence of two-photon absorption. The samples were prepared by a chemical spray deposition technique. In order to investigate the different contributions of the third order nonlinearities of the film, we analyzed the vectorial self-diffraction effect and the optical Kerr transmittance observed in the sample. A dominantly absorptive nonlinearity was measured at a 532 nm wavelength with 50 ps pulses, while nonlinear refraction was found to be negligible in this regime. On the other side, a pure electronic refractive third order nonlinearity without the contribution of nonlinear absorption was detected at 830 nm with 80 fs pulse duration. A quasi-instantaneous optical response and a strong enhancement in the ultrafast nonlinear refraction with the inhibition of the picosecond two-photon absorption mechanism were measured for the case of the femtosecond excitation.

© 2011 OSA

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2010 (3)

D. Torres-Torres, M. Trejo-Valdez, L. Castañeda, C. Torres-Torres, L. Tamayo-Rivera, R. C. Fernández-Hernández, J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, J. Muñoz-Saldaña, R. Rangel-Rojo, and A. Oliver, “Inhibition of the two-photon absorption response exhibited by a bilayer TiO2 film with embedded Au nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 18(16), 16406–16417 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Trejo-Valdez, R. Torres-Martínez, N. Peréa-López, P. Santiago-Jacinto, and C. Torres-Torres, “Contribution of the two-photon absorption to the third order nonlinearity of Au nanoparticles embedded in TiO2 films and in ethanol suspension,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(22), 10108–10113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sun, N. A. Fox, G. M. Fuge, and M. N. R. Ashfold, “Toward a single ZnO nanowire homojunction,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(49), 21338–21341 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

2008 (6)

C. Torres-Torres, A. López-Suárez, L. Tamayo-Rivera, R. Rangel-Rojo, A. Crespo-Sosa, J. C. Alonso, and A. Oliver, “Thermo-optic effect and optical third order nonlinearity in nc-Si embedded in a silicon-nitride film,” Opt. Express 16(22), 18390–18396 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Torres-Torres, J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, J. C. Cheang-Wong, A. Crespo-Sosa, L. Rodríguez-Fernández, and A. Oliver, “Optical third order nonlinearity by nanosecond and picosecond pulses in Cu nanoparticles in ion-implanted silica,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(1), 014306 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Chen, S. C. Mwakwari, and A. K. Oyelere, “Gold nanoparticles: From nanomedicine to nanosensing,” Nanotechnol. Sci. Appl. 1, 45–65 (2008).

J. Z. Zhang and C. Noguez, “Plasmonic optical properties and applications of metal nanostructures,” Plasmonics 3(4), 127–150 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Tamayo-Rivera, R. Rangel-Rojo, Y. Mao, and W. H. Watson, “Ultra fast third-order non-linear response of amino-triazole donor-acceptor derivatives by optical Kerr effect,” Opt. Commun. 281(20), 5239–5243 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Carrey, H. Carrère, M. L. Kahn, B. Chaudret, X. Marie, and M. Respaud, “Photoconductivity of self-assembled ZnO nanoparticles synthesized by organometallic chemistry,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 23(2), 025003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (7)

C. Soci, A. Zhang, B. Xiang, S. A. Dayeh, D. P. Aplin, J. Park, X. Y. Bao, Y. H. Lo, and D. Wang, “ZnO nanowire UV photodetectors with high internal gain,” Nano Lett. 7(4), 1003–1009 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Sturman, O. Beyer, D. Maxein, and K. Buse, “Femtosecond recording and time-resolved readout of spatial gratings in lithium niobate crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(3), 419–9999 (2007).
[CrossRef]

B. Claflin, D. C. Look, and D. R. Norton, “Changes in electrical characteristics of ZnO Thin films due to environmental factors,” J. Electron. Mater. 36(4), 442–445 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Ryasnyanskiy, B. Palpant, S. Debrus, U. Pal, and A. L. Stepanov, “Optical nonlinearities of Au nanoparticles embedded in a zinc oxide matrix,” Opt. Commun. 273(2), 538–543 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Torres-Torres, A. V. Khomenko, J. C. Cheang-Wong, L. Rodríguez-Fernández, A. Crespo-Sosa, and A. Oliver, “Absorptive and refractive nonlinearities by four-wave mixing for Au nanoparticles in ion-implanted silica,” Opt. Express 15(15), 9248–9253 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Liang and R. G. Gordon, “Atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition of transparent conducting films of fluorine doped zinc oxide and their application to amorphous silicon solar cells,” J. Mater. Sci. 42(15), 6388–6399 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Gaur, D. K. Sharma, D. S. Ahlawat, and N. Singh, “Multiphoton photoconductivity and optical nonlinearities in ZnSe and CdSe direct band gap crystals,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 9(3), 260–264 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

E. Ozbay, “Plasmonics: merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions,” Science 311(5758), 189–193 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

Z. Fan, D. Wang, P. C. Chang, W. Y. Tseng, and J. G. Lu, “ZnO nanowire field-effect transistor and oxygen sensing property,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(24), 5923 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

A. Guillén-Santiago, M. de la L. Olvera, and A. Maldonado, “Películas delgadas de ZnO:F depositadas por rocío químico: efecto de la temperatura de substrato sobre las propiedades físicas,” Superficies Vacío 13, 77–79 (2001).

1996 (1)

D. Tsiulyanu, G. Golban, E. Kolomeyko, and O. Melnic, “Photoconductivity and optical absorption of dimorphite thin films,” Phys. Status Solidi 197(1), 61–64 (1996) (b).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

Y. Takahashi, M. Kanamori, A. Kondoh, H. Minoura, and Y. Ohya, “Photoconductivity of ultrathin zinc oxide films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33(Part 1, No. 12A), 6611–6615 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

A. F. Diaz, M. Feldhacker, K. Kanazawa, and A. R. Gutierrez, “Photoconductivity of zinc oxide/poly(methyl methacrylate) particles,” J. Phys. Chem. 93(11), 4615–4619 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ahlawat, D. S.

A. Gaur, D. K. Sharma, D. S. Ahlawat, and N. Singh, “Multiphoton photoconductivity and optical nonlinearities in ZnSe and CdSe direct band gap crystals,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 9(3), 260–264 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Alonso, J. C.

Aplin, D. P.

C. Soci, A. Zhang, B. Xiang, S. A. Dayeh, D. P. Aplin, J. Park, X. Y. Bao, Y. H. Lo, and D. Wang, “ZnO nanowire UV photodetectors with high internal gain,” Nano Lett. 7(4), 1003–1009 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ashfold, M. N. R.

Y. Sun, N. A. Fox, G. M. Fuge, and M. N. R. Ashfold, “Toward a single ZnO nanowire homojunction,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(49), 21338–21341 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bao, X. Y.

C. Soci, A. Zhang, B. Xiang, S. A. Dayeh, D. P. Aplin, J. Park, X. Y. Bao, Y. H. Lo, and D. Wang, “ZnO nanowire UV photodetectors with high internal gain,” Nano Lett. 7(4), 1003–1009 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barry, L. P.

Beyer, O.

Bradley, A. L.

Buse, K.

Carrère, H.

J. Carrey, H. Carrère, M. L. Kahn, B. Chaudret, X. Marie, and M. Respaud, “Photoconductivity of self-assembled ZnO nanoparticles synthesized by organometallic chemistry,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 23(2), 025003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Carrey, J.

J. Carrey, H. Carrère, M. L. Kahn, B. Chaudret, X. Marie, and M. Respaud, “Photoconductivity of self-assembled ZnO nanoparticles synthesized by organometallic chemistry,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 23(2), 025003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Castañeda, L.

Chang, P. C.

Z. Fan, D. Wang, P. C. Chang, W. Y. Tseng, and J. G. Lu, “ZnO nanowire field-effect transistor and oxygen sensing property,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(24), 5923 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chaudret, B.

J. Carrey, H. Carrère, M. L. Kahn, B. Chaudret, X. Marie, and M. Respaud, “Photoconductivity of self-assembled ZnO nanoparticles synthesized by organometallic chemistry,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 23(2), 025003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cheang-Wong, J. C.

Chen, P. C.

P. C. Chen, S. C. Mwakwari, and A. K. Oyelere, “Gold nanoparticles: From nanomedicine to nanosensing,” Nanotechnol. Sci. Appl. 1, 45–65 (2008).

Claflin, B.

B. Claflin, D. C. Look, and D. R. Norton, “Changes in electrical characteristics of ZnO Thin films due to environmental factors,” J. Electron. Mater. 36(4), 442–445 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Crespo-Sosa, A.

Dayeh, S. A.

C. Soci, A. Zhang, B. Xiang, S. A. Dayeh, D. P. Aplin, J. Park, X. Y. Bao, Y. H. Lo, and D. Wang, “ZnO nanowire UV photodetectors with high internal gain,” Nano Lett. 7(4), 1003–1009 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Debrus, S.

A. I. Ryasnyanskiy, B. Palpant, S. Debrus, U. Pal, and A. L. Stepanov, “Optical nonlinearities of Au nanoparticles embedded in a zinc oxide matrix,” Opt. Commun. 273(2), 538–543 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Diaz, A. F.

A. F. Diaz, M. Feldhacker, K. Kanazawa, and A. R. Gutierrez, “Photoconductivity of zinc oxide/poly(methyl methacrylate) particles,” J. Phys. Chem. 93(11), 4615–4619 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Donegan, J. F.

Dunbar, L. A.

Fan, Z.

Z. Fan, D. Wang, P. C. Chang, W. Y. Tseng, and J. G. Lu, “ZnO nanowire field-effect transistor and oxygen sensing property,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(24), 5923 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Feldhacker, M.

A. F. Diaz, M. Feldhacker, K. Kanazawa, and A. R. Gutierrez, “Photoconductivity of zinc oxide/poly(methyl methacrylate) particles,” J. Phys. Chem. 93(11), 4615–4619 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Fernández-Hernández, R. C.

Folliot, H.

Fox, N. A.

Y. Sun, N. A. Fox, G. M. Fuge, and M. N. R. Ashfold, “Toward a single ZnO nanowire homojunction,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(49), 21338–21341 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fuge, G. M.

Y. Sun, N. A. Fox, G. M. Fuge, and M. N. R. Ashfold, “Toward a single ZnO nanowire homojunction,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(49), 21338–21341 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gaur, A.

A. Gaur, D. K. Sharma, D. S. Ahlawat, and N. Singh, “Multiphoton photoconductivity and optical nonlinearities in ZnSe and CdSe direct band gap crystals,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 9(3), 260–264 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Golban, G.

D. Tsiulyanu, G. Golban, E. Kolomeyko, and O. Melnic, “Photoconductivity and optical absorption of dimorphite thin films,” Phys. Status Solidi 197(1), 61–64 (1996) (b).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, R. G.

H. Liang and R. G. Gordon, “Atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition of transparent conducting films of fluorine doped zinc oxide and their application to amorphous silicon solar cells,” J. Mater. Sci. 42(15), 6388–6399 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Guillén-Santiago, A.

A. Guillén-Santiago, M. de la L. Olvera, and A. Maldonado, “Películas delgadas de ZnO:F depositadas por rocío químico: efecto de la temperatura de substrato sobre las propiedades físicas,” Superficies Vacío 13, 77–79 (2001).

Gutierrez, A. R.

A. F. Diaz, M. Feldhacker, K. Kanazawa, and A. R. Gutierrez, “Photoconductivity of zinc oxide/poly(methyl methacrylate) particles,” J. Phys. Chem. 93(11), 4615–4619 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Hegarty, J.

Kahn, M. L.

J. Carrey, H. Carrère, M. L. Kahn, B. Chaudret, X. Marie, and M. Respaud, “Photoconductivity of self-assembled ZnO nanoparticles synthesized by organometallic chemistry,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 23(2), 025003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kanamori, M.

Y. Takahashi, M. Kanamori, A. Kondoh, H. Minoura, and Y. Ohya, “Photoconductivity of ultrathin zinc oxide films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33(Part 1, No. 12A), 6611–6615 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kanazawa, K.

A. F. Diaz, M. Feldhacker, K. Kanazawa, and A. R. Gutierrez, “Photoconductivity of zinc oxide/poly(methyl methacrylate) particles,” J. Phys. Chem. 93(11), 4615–4619 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Khomenko, A. V.

Kolomeyko, E.

D. Tsiulyanu, G. Golban, E. Kolomeyko, and O. Melnic, “Photoconductivity and optical absorption of dimorphite thin films,” Phys. Status Solidi 197(1), 61–64 (1996) (b).
[CrossRef]

Kondoh, A.

Y. Takahashi, M. Kanamori, A. Kondoh, H. Minoura, and Y. Ohya, “Photoconductivity of ultrathin zinc oxide films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33(Part 1, No. 12A), 6611–6615 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Krug, T.

Liang, H.

H. Liang and R. G. Gordon, “Atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition of transparent conducting films of fluorine doped zinc oxide and their application to amorphous silicon solar cells,” J. Mater. Sci. 42(15), 6388–6399 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lo, Y. H.

C. Soci, A. Zhang, B. Xiang, S. A. Dayeh, D. P. Aplin, J. Park, X. Y. Bao, Y. H. Lo, and D. Wang, “ZnO nanowire UV photodetectors with high internal gain,” Nano Lett. 7(4), 1003–1009 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Look, D. C.

B. Claflin, D. C. Look, and D. R. Norton, “Changes in electrical characteristics of ZnO Thin films due to environmental factors,” J. Electron. Mater. 36(4), 442–445 (2007).
[CrossRef]

López-Suárez, A.

Lu, J. G.

Z. Fan, D. Wang, P. C. Chang, W. Y. Tseng, and J. G. Lu, “ZnO nanowire field-effect transistor and oxygen sensing property,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(24), 5923 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lynch, M.

Maldonado, A.

A. Guillén-Santiago, M. de la L. Olvera, and A. Maldonado, “Películas delgadas de ZnO:F depositadas por rocío químico: efecto de la temperatura de substrato sobre las propiedades físicas,” Superficies Vacío 13, 77–79 (2001).

Mao, Y.

L. Tamayo-Rivera, R. Rangel-Rojo, Y. Mao, and W. H. Watson, “Ultra fast third-order non-linear response of amino-triazole donor-acceptor derivatives by optical Kerr effect,” Opt. Commun. 281(20), 5239–5243 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Marie, X.

J. Carrey, H. Carrère, M. L. Kahn, B. Chaudret, X. Marie, and M. Respaud, “Photoconductivity of self-assembled ZnO nanoparticles synthesized by organometallic chemistry,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 23(2), 025003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Maxein, D.

Melnic, O.

D. Tsiulyanu, G. Golban, E. Kolomeyko, and O. Melnic, “Photoconductivity and optical absorption of dimorphite thin films,” Phys. Status Solidi 197(1), 61–64 (1996) (b).
[CrossRef]

Minoura, H.

Y. Takahashi, M. Kanamori, A. Kondoh, H. Minoura, and Y. Ohya, “Photoconductivity of ultrathin zinc oxide films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33(Part 1, No. 12A), 6611–6615 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Muñoz-Saldaña, J.

Mwakwari, S. C.

P. C. Chen, S. C. Mwakwari, and A. K. Oyelere, “Gold nanoparticles: From nanomedicine to nanosensing,” Nanotechnol. Sci. Appl. 1, 45–65 (2008).

Noguez, C.

J. Z. Zhang and C. Noguez, “Plasmonic optical properties and applications of metal nanostructures,” Plasmonics 3(4), 127–150 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Norton, D. R.

B. Claflin, D. C. Look, and D. R. Norton, “Changes in electrical characteristics of ZnO Thin films due to environmental factors,” J. Electron. Mater. 36(4), 442–445 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ohya, Y.

Y. Takahashi, M. Kanamori, A. Kondoh, H. Minoura, and Y. Ohya, “Photoconductivity of ultrathin zinc oxide films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33(Part 1, No. 12A), 6611–6615 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Oliver, A.

D. Torres-Torres, M. Trejo-Valdez, L. Castañeda, C. Torres-Torres, L. Tamayo-Rivera, R. C. Fernández-Hernández, J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, J. Muñoz-Saldaña, R. Rangel-Rojo, and A. Oliver, “Inhibition of the two-photon absorption response exhibited by a bilayer TiO2 film with embedded Au nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 18(16), 16406–16417 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, V. Rodríguez-Iglesias, H.-G. Silva-Pereyra, C. Torres-Torres, A.-L. Santiago-Ramírez, J. C. Cheang-Wong, A. Crespo-Sosa, L. Rodríguez-Fernández, A. López-Suárez, and A. Oliver, “Anisotropic linear and nonlinear optical properties from anisotropy-controlled metallic nanocomposites,” Opt. Express 17(15), 12849–12868 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. López-Suárez, C. Torres-Torres, R. Rangel-Rojo, J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, G. Santana, J. C. Alonso, A. Ortiz, and A. Oliver, “Modification of the nonlinear optical absorption and optical Kerr response exhibited by nc-Si embedded in a silicon-nitride film,” Opt. Express 17(12), 10056–10068 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Torres-Torres, A. López-Suárez, L. Tamayo-Rivera, R. Rangel-Rojo, A. Crespo-Sosa, J. C. Alonso, and A. Oliver, “Thermo-optic effect and optical third order nonlinearity in nc-Si embedded in a silicon-nitride film,” Opt. Express 16(22), 18390–18396 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Torres-Torres, J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, J. C. Cheang-Wong, A. Crespo-Sosa, L. Rodríguez-Fernández, and A. Oliver, “Optical third order nonlinearity by nanosecond and picosecond pulses in Cu nanoparticles in ion-implanted silica,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(1), 014306 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Torres-Torres, A. V. Khomenko, J. C. Cheang-Wong, L. Rodríguez-Fernández, A. Crespo-Sosa, and A. Oliver, “Absorptive and refractive nonlinearities by four-wave mixing for Au nanoparticles in ion-implanted silica,” Opt. Express 15(15), 9248–9253 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Olvera, M. de la L.

A. Guillén-Santiago, M. de la L. Olvera, and A. Maldonado, “Películas delgadas de ZnO:F depositadas por rocío químico: efecto de la temperatura de substrato sobre las propiedades físicas,” Superficies Vacío 13, 77–79 (2001).

Ortiz, A.

Oyelere, A. K.

P. C. Chen, S. C. Mwakwari, and A. K. Oyelere, “Gold nanoparticles: From nanomedicine to nanosensing,” Nanotechnol. Sci. Appl. 1, 45–65 (2008).

Ozbay, E.

E. Ozbay, “Plasmonics: merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions,” Science 311(5758), 189–193 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pal, U.

A. I. Ryasnyanskiy, B. Palpant, S. Debrus, U. Pal, and A. L. Stepanov, “Optical nonlinearities of Au nanoparticles embedded in a zinc oxide matrix,” Opt. Commun. 273(2), 538–543 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Palpant, B.

A. I. Ryasnyanskiy, B. Palpant, S. Debrus, U. Pal, and A. L. Stepanov, “Optical nonlinearities of Au nanoparticles embedded in a zinc oxide matrix,” Opt. Commun. 273(2), 538–543 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Park, J.

C. Soci, A. Zhang, B. Xiang, S. A. Dayeh, D. P. Aplin, J. Park, X. Y. Bao, Y. H. Lo, and D. Wang, “ZnO nanowire UV photodetectors with high internal gain,” Nano Lett. 7(4), 1003–1009 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peréa-López, N.

M. Trejo-Valdez, R. Torres-Martínez, N. Peréa-López, P. Santiago-Jacinto, and C. Torres-Torres, “Contribution of the two-photon absorption to the third order nonlinearity of Au nanoparticles embedded in TiO2 films and in ethanol suspension,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(22), 10108–10113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rangel-Rojo, R.

Respaud, M.

J. Carrey, H. Carrère, M. L. Kahn, B. Chaudret, X. Marie, and M. Respaud, “Photoconductivity of self-assembled ZnO nanoparticles synthesized by organometallic chemistry,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 23(2), 025003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Reyes-Esqueda, J. A.

D. Torres-Torres, M. Trejo-Valdez, L. Castañeda, C. Torres-Torres, L. Tamayo-Rivera, R. C. Fernández-Hernández, J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, J. Muñoz-Saldaña, R. Rangel-Rojo, and A. Oliver, “Inhibition of the two-photon absorption response exhibited by a bilayer TiO2 film with embedded Au nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 18(16), 16406–16417 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. López-Suárez, C. Torres-Torres, R. Rangel-Rojo, J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, G. Santana, J. C. Alonso, A. Ortiz, and A. Oliver, “Modification of the nonlinear optical absorption and optical Kerr response exhibited by nc-Si embedded in a silicon-nitride film,” Opt. Express 17(12), 10056–10068 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, V. Rodríguez-Iglesias, H.-G. Silva-Pereyra, C. Torres-Torres, A.-L. Santiago-Ramírez, J. C. Cheang-Wong, A. Crespo-Sosa, L. Rodríguez-Fernández, A. López-Suárez, and A. Oliver, “Anisotropic linear and nonlinear optical properties from anisotropy-controlled metallic nanocomposites,” Opt. Express 17(15), 12849–12868 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Torres-Torres, M. Trejo-Valdez, H. Sobral, P. Santiago-Jacinto, and J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, “Stimulated emission and optical third order nonlinearity in Li-doped ZnO nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113(31), 13515–13521 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Torres-Torres, J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, J. C. Cheang-Wong, A. Crespo-Sosa, L. Rodríguez-Fernández, and A. Oliver, “Optical third order nonlinearity by nanosecond and picosecond pulses in Cu nanoparticles in ion-implanted silica,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(1), 014306 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Rodríguez-Fernández, L.

Rodríguez-Iglesias, V.

Ryasnyanskiy, A. I.

A. I. Ryasnyanskiy, B. Palpant, S. Debrus, U. Pal, and A. L. Stepanov, “Optical nonlinearities of Au nanoparticles embedded in a zinc oxide matrix,” Opt. Commun. 273(2), 538–543 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Santana, G.

Santiago-Jacinto, P.

M. Trejo-Valdez, R. Torres-Martínez, N. Peréa-López, P. Santiago-Jacinto, and C. Torres-Torres, “Contribution of the two-photon absorption to the third order nonlinearity of Au nanoparticles embedded in TiO2 films and in ethanol suspension,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(22), 10108–10113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Torres-Torres, M. Trejo-Valdez, H. Sobral, P. Santiago-Jacinto, and J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, “Stimulated emission and optical third order nonlinearity in Li-doped ZnO nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113(31), 13515–13521 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Santiago-Ramírez, A.-L.

Sharma, D. K.

A. Gaur, D. K. Sharma, D. S. Ahlawat, and N. Singh, “Multiphoton photoconductivity and optical nonlinearities in ZnSe and CdSe direct band gap crystals,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 9(3), 260–264 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Silva-Pereyra, H.-G.

Singh, N.

A. Gaur, D. K. Sharma, D. S. Ahlawat, and N. Singh, “Multiphoton photoconductivity and optical nonlinearities in ZnSe and CdSe direct band gap crystals,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 9(3), 260–264 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sobral, H.

C. Torres-Torres, M. Trejo-Valdez, H. Sobral, P. Santiago-Jacinto, and J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, “Stimulated emission and optical third order nonlinearity in Li-doped ZnO nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113(31), 13515–13521 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Soci, C.

C. Soci, A. Zhang, B. Xiang, S. A. Dayeh, D. P. Aplin, J. Park, X. Y. Bao, Y. H. Lo, and D. Wang, “ZnO nanowire UV photodetectors with high internal gain,” Nano Lett. 7(4), 1003–1009 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stepanov, A. L.

A. I. Ryasnyanskiy, B. Palpant, S. Debrus, U. Pal, and A. L. Stepanov, “Optical nonlinearities of Au nanoparticles embedded in a zinc oxide matrix,” Opt. Commun. 273(2), 538–543 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sturman, B.

Sun, Y.

Y. Sun, N. A. Fox, G. M. Fuge, and M. N. R. Ashfold, “Toward a single ZnO nanowire homojunction,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(49), 21338–21341 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, Y.

Y. Takahashi, M. Kanamori, A. Kondoh, H. Minoura, and Y. Ohya, “Photoconductivity of ultrathin zinc oxide films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33(Part 1, No. 12A), 6611–6615 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tamayo-Rivera, L.

Torres-Martínez, R.

M. Trejo-Valdez, R. Torres-Martínez, N. Peréa-López, P. Santiago-Jacinto, and C. Torres-Torres, “Contribution of the two-photon absorption to the third order nonlinearity of Au nanoparticles embedded in TiO2 films and in ethanol suspension,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(22), 10108–10113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Torres-Torres, C.

M. Trejo-Valdez, R. Torres-Martínez, N. Peréa-López, P. Santiago-Jacinto, and C. Torres-Torres, “Contribution of the two-photon absorption to the third order nonlinearity of Au nanoparticles embedded in TiO2 films and in ethanol suspension,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(22), 10108–10113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Torres-Torres, M. Trejo-Valdez, L. Castañeda, C. Torres-Torres, L. Tamayo-Rivera, R. C. Fernández-Hernández, J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, J. Muñoz-Saldaña, R. Rangel-Rojo, and A. Oliver, “Inhibition of the two-photon absorption response exhibited by a bilayer TiO2 film with embedded Au nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 18(16), 16406–16417 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. López-Suárez, C. Torres-Torres, R. Rangel-Rojo, J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, G. Santana, J. C. Alonso, A. Ortiz, and A. Oliver, “Modification of the nonlinear optical absorption and optical Kerr response exhibited by nc-Si embedded in a silicon-nitride film,” Opt. Express 17(12), 10056–10068 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Torres-Torres, M. Trejo-Valdez, H. Sobral, P. Santiago-Jacinto, and J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, “Stimulated emission and optical third order nonlinearity in Li-doped ZnO nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113(31), 13515–13521 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, V. Rodríguez-Iglesias, H.-G. Silva-Pereyra, C. Torres-Torres, A.-L. Santiago-Ramírez, J. C. Cheang-Wong, A. Crespo-Sosa, L. Rodríguez-Fernández, A. López-Suárez, and A. Oliver, “Anisotropic linear and nonlinear optical properties from anisotropy-controlled metallic nanocomposites,” Opt. Express 17(15), 12849–12868 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Torres-Torres, J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, J. C. Cheang-Wong, A. Crespo-Sosa, L. Rodríguez-Fernández, and A. Oliver, “Optical third order nonlinearity by nanosecond and picosecond pulses in Cu nanoparticles in ion-implanted silica,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(1), 014306 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Torres-Torres, A. López-Suárez, L. Tamayo-Rivera, R. Rangel-Rojo, A. Crespo-Sosa, J. C. Alonso, and A. Oliver, “Thermo-optic effect and optical third order nonlinearity in nc-Si embedded in a silicon-nitride film,” Opt. Express 16(22), 18390–18396 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Torres-Torres, A. V. Khomenko, J. C. Cheang-Wong, L. Rodríguez-Fernández, A. Crespo-Sosa, and A. Oliver, “Absorptive and refractive nonlinearities by four-wave mixing for Au nanoparticles in ion-implanted silica,” Opt. Express 15(15), 9248–9253 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Torres-Torres, D.

Trejo-Valdez, M.

D. Torres-Torres, M. Trejo-Valdez, L. Castañeda, C. Torres-Torres, L. Tamayo-Rivera, R. C. Fernández-Hernández, J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, J. Muñoz-Saldaña, R. Rangel-Rojo, and A. Oliver, “Inhibition of the two-photon absorption response exhibited by a bilayer TiO2 film with embedded Au nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 18(16), 16406–16417 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Trejo-Valdez, R. Torres-Martínez, N. Peréa-López, P. Santiago-Jacinto, and C. Torres-Torres, “Contribution of the two-photon absorption to the third order nonlinearity of Au nanoparticles embedded in TiO2 films and in ethanol suspension,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(22), 10108–10113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Torres-Torres, M. Trejo-Valdez, H. Sobral, P. Santiago-Jacinto, and J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, “Stimulated emission and optical third order nonlinearity in Li-doped ZnO nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113(31), 13515–13521 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tseng, W. Y.

Z. Fan, D. Wang, P. C. Chang, W. Y. Tseng, and J. G. Lu, “ZnO nanowire field-effect transistor and oxygen sensing property,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(24), 5923 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tsiulyanu, D.

D. Tsiulyanu, G. Golban, E. Kolomeyko, and O. Melnic, “Photoconductivity and optical absorption of dimorphite thin films,” Phys. Status Solidi 197(1), 61–64 (1996) (b).
[CrossRef]

Wang, D.

C. Soci, A. Zhang, B. Xiang, S. A. Dayeh, D. P. Aplin, J. Park, X. Y. Bao, Y. H. Lo, and D. Wang, “ZnO nanowire UV photodetectors with high internal gain,” Nano Lett. 7(4), 1003–1009 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Fan, D. Wang, P. C. Chang, W. Y. Tseng, and J. G. Lu, “ZnO nanowire field-effect transistor and oxygen sensing property,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(24), 5923 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Watson, W. H.

L. Tamayo-Rivera, R. Rangel-Rojo, Y. Mao, and W. H. Watson, “Ultra fast third-order non-linear response of amino-triazole donor-acceptor derivatives by optical Kerr effect,” Opt. Commun. 281(20), 5239–5243 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xiang, B.

C. Soci, A. Zhang, B. Xiang, S. A. Dayeh, D. P. Aplin, J. Park, X. Y. Bao, Y. H. Lo, and D. Wang, “ZnO nanowire UV photodetectors with high internal gain,” Nano Lett. 7(4), 1003–1009 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, A.

C. Soci, A. Zhang, B. Xiang, S. A. Dayeh, D. P. Aplin, J. Park, X. Y. Bao, Y. H. Lo, and D. Wang, “ZnO nanowire UV photodetectors with high internal gain,” Nano Lett. 7(4), 1003–1009 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, J. Z.

J. Z. Zhang and C. Noguez, “Plasmonic optical properties and applications of metal nanostructures,” Plasmonics 3(4), 127–150 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Z. Fan, D. Wang, P. C. Chang, W. Y. Tseng, and J. G. Lu, “ZnO nanowire field-effect transistor and oxygen sensing property,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(24), 5923 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

C. Torres-Torres, J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, J. C. Cheang-Wong, A. Crespo-Sosa, L. Rodríguez-Fernández, and A. Oliver, “Optical third order nonlinearity by nanosecond and picosecond pulses in Cu nanoparticles in ion-implanted silica,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(1), 014306 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Electron. Mater. (1)

B. Claflin, D. C. Look, and D. R. Norton, “Changes in electrical characteristics of ZnO Thin films due to environmental factors,” J. Electron. Mater. 36(4), 442–445 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Sci. (1)

H. Liang and R. G. Gordon, “Atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition of transparent conducting films of fluorine doped zinc oxide and their application to amorphous silicon solar cells,” J. Mater. Sci. 42(15), 6388–6399 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

A. Gaur, D. K. Sharma, D. S. Ahlawat, and N. Singh, “Multiphoton photoconductivity and optical nonlinearities in ZnSe and CdSe direct band gap crystals,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 9(3), 260–264 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Phys. Chem. (1)

A. F. Diaz, M. Feldhacker, K. Kanazawa, and A. R. Gutierrez, “Photoconductivity of zinc oxide/poly(methyl methacrylate) particles,” J. Phys. Chem. 93(11), 4615–4619 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. C (3)

M. Trejo-Valdez, R. Torres-Martínez, N. Peréa-López, P. Santiago-Jacinto, and C. Torres-Torres, “Contribution of the two-photon absorption to the third order nonlinearity of Au nanoparticles embedded in TiO2 films and in ethanol suspension,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(22), 10108–10113 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sun, N. A. Fox, G. M. Fuge, and M. N. R. Ashfold, “Toward a single ZnO nanowire homojunction,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(49), 21338–21341 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Torres-Torres, M. Trejo-Valdez, H. Sobral, P. Santiago-Jacinto, and J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, “Stimulated emission and optical third order nonlinearity in Li-doped ZnO nanorods,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113(31), 13515–13521 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Takahashi, M. Kanamori, A. Kondoh, H. Minoura, and Y. Ohya, “Photoconductivity of ultrathin zinc oxide films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 33(Part 1, No. 12A), 6611–6615 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (1)

C. Soci, A. Zhang, B. Xiang, S. A. Dayeh, D. P. Aplin, J. Park, X. Y. Bao, Y. H. Lo, and D. Wang, “ZnO nanowire UV photodetectors with high internal gain,” Nano Lett. 7(4), 1003–1009 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nanotechnol. Sci. Appl. (1)

P. C. Chen, S. C. Mwakwari, and A. K. Oyelere, “Gold nanoparticles: From nanomedicine to nanosensing,” Nanotechnol. Sci. Appl. 1, 45–65 (2008).

Opt. Commun. (2)

A. I. Ryasnyanskiy, B. Palpant, S. Debrus, U. Pal, and A. L. Stepanov, “Optical nonlinearities of Au nanoparticles embedded in a zinc oxide matrix,” Opt. Commun. 273(2), 538–543 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Tamayo-Rivera, R. Rangel-Rojo, Y. Mao, and W. H. Watson, “Ultra fast third-order non-linear response of amino-triazole donor-acceptor derivatives by optical Kerr effect,” Opt. Commun. 281(20), 5239–5243 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

C. Torres-Torres, A. V. Khomenko, J. C. Cheang-Wong, L. Rodríguez-Fernández, A. Crespo-Sosa, and A. Oliver, “Absorptive and refractive nonlinearities by four-wave mixing for Au nanoparticles in ion-implanted silica,” Opt. Express 15(15), 9248–9253 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. López-Suárez, C. Torres-Torres, R. Rangel-Rojo, J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, G. Santana, J. C. Alonso, A. Ortiz, and A. Oliver, “Modification of the nonlinear optical absorption and optical Kerr response exhibited by nc-Si embedded in a silicon-nitride film,” Opt. Express 17(12), 10056–10068 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, V. Rodríguez-Iglesias, H.-G. Silva-Pereyra, C. Torres-Torres, A.-L. Santiago-Ramírez, J. C. Cheang-Wong, A. Crespo-Sosa, L. Rodríguez-Fernández, A. López-Suárez, and A. Oliver, “Anisotropic linear and nonlinear optical properties from anisotropy-controlled metallic nanocomposites,” Opt. Express 17(15), 12849–12868 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Torres-Torres, M. Trejo-Valdez, L. Castañeda, C. Torres-Torres, L. Tamayo-Rivera, R. C. Fernández-Hernández, J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, J. Muñoz-Saldaña, R. Rangel-Rojo, and A. Oliver, “Inhibition of the two-photon absorption response exhibited by a bilayer TiO2 film with embedded Au nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 18(16), 16406–16417 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Torres-Torres, A. López-Suárez, L. Tamayo-Rivera, R. Rangel-Rojo, A. Crespo-Sosa, J. C. Alonso, and A. Oliver, “Thermo-optic effect and optical third order nonlinearity in nc-Si embedded in a silicon-nitride film,” Opt. Express 16(22), 18390–18396 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Status Solidi (1)

D. Tsiulyanu, G. Golban, E. Kolomeyko, and O. Melnic, “Photoconductivity and optical absorption of dimorphite thin films,” Phys. Status Solidi 197(1), 61–64 (1996) (b).
[CrossRef]

Plasmonics (1)

J. Z. Zhang and C. Noguez, “Plasmonic optical properties and applications of metal nanostructures,” Plasmonics 3(4), 127–150 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

E. Ozbay, “Plasmonics: merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions,” Science 311(5758), 189–193 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Semicond. Sci. Technol. (1)

J. Carrey, H. Carrère, M. L. Kahn, B. Chaudret, X. Marie, and M. Respaud, “Photoconductivity of self-assembled ZnO nanoparticles synthesized by organometallic chemistry,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 23(2), 025003 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Superficies Vacío (1)

A. Guillén-Santiago, M. de la L. Olvera, and A. Maldonado, “Películas delgadas de ZnO:F depositadas por rocío químico: efecto de la temperatura de substrato sobre las propiedades físicas,” Superficies Vacío 13, 77–79 (2001).

Other (3)

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, San Diego, 1992).

H. Rigneault, J.-M. Lourtiouz, C. Delalande, and A. Leven, Nanophotonics (ISTE Ltd, Newport Beach, CA, USA, 2006).

R. Rangel-Rojo, J. A. Reyes-Esqueda, C. Torres-Torres, A. Oliver, L. Rodríguez-Fernández, A. Crespo-Sosa, J. C. Cheang-Wong, J. McCarthy, H. T. Bookey, and A. K. Kar, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of aligned elongated silver nanoparticles in silica,” in Silver Nanoparticles (InTech, 2010).

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup for the processing route of the samples.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Setup for the picosecond self-diffraction experiment.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Setup for the femtosecond Optical Kerr Gate experiment.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Linear absorption spectra.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Typical SEM micrograph for ZnO:F thin film.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Self-diffraction efficiency exhibited by the samples.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Kerr transmittance versus probe delay in the femtosecond gate experiment

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 - Optical nonlinearities exhibited by the samples.

Equations (13)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E = E + + E .
Ψ α = 2 π D β λ | E 1 + E 2 + E 3 + E 4 | 2 ,
Ψ K ± = 4 π 2 D n 0 λ [ A | E 1 ± + E 2 ± + E 3 ± + E 4 ± | 2 + ( A + B ) | E 1 + E 2 + E 3 + E 4 | 2 ] ,
α 0 β < I < 1 β z ,
J = e S 2 h ν β I 0 2 z ,
T ^ ( x , z ) = Ψ ± ( x , z ) exp ( α ( I ) z 2 ) ,
Ψ ± ( x , z ) = Ψ α + Ψ K ± .
E 1 ± ( z ) = [ E 1 ± 0 J 0 ( Ψ ± ( 1 ) ) + ( i E 2 ± 0 i E 3 ± 0 ) J 1 ( Ψ ± ( 1 ) ) E 4 ± 0 J 2 ( Ψ ± ( 1 ) ) ] exp ( i Ψ ± ( 0 ) α ( I ) z 2 ) ,
E 2 ± ( z ) = [ E 2 ± 0 J 0 ( Ψ ± ( 1 ) ) + ( i E 4 ± 0 i E 1 ± 0 ) J 1 ( Ψ ± ( 1 ) ) E 3 ± 0 J 2 ( Ψ ± ( 1 ) ) ] exp ( i Ψ ± ( 0 ) α ( I ) z 2 ) ,
E 3 ± ( z ) = [ E 3 ± 0 J 0 ( Ψ ± ( 1 ) ) + i E 1 ± 0 J 1 ( Ψ ± ( 1 ) ) E 2 ± 0 J 2 ( Ψ ± ( 1 ) ) i E 4 ± 0 J 3 ( Ψ ± ( 1 ) ) ] exp ( i Ψ ± ( 0 ) α ( I ) z 2 ) ,
E 4 ± ( z ) = [ E 4 ± 0 J 0 ( Ψ ± ( 1 ) ) i E 2 ± 0 J 1 ( Ψ ± ( 1 ) ) E 1 ± 0 J 2 ( Ψ ± ( 1 ) ) + i E 3 ± 0 J 3 ( Ψ ± ( 1 ) ) ] exp ( i Ψ ± ( 0 ) α ( I ) z 2 ) ,
Ψ ± ( 0 ) = 4 π 2 z n 0 λ [ ( A + n 0 β 2 π ) j = 1 4 | E j ± | 2 + ( A + B + n 0 β 2 π ) j = 1 4 | E j | 2 ] ,
Ψ ± ( 1 ) = 4 π 2 z n 0 λ [ ( A + n 0 β 2 π ) j = 1 3 k = 2 4 E j ± E k ± * + ( A + B + n 0 β 2 π ) j = 1 3 k = 2 4 E j E k * ]

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