Abstract

Recently, we proposed the concept of a microring-based optical pulse train generator, which uses a series of microrings coupled to a waveguide and time-interleaves a trigger pulse propagating on this waveguide to generate an optical pulse train. When each ring is electrically modulated, this electronic-photonic integrated circuit (EPIC) can be used for optical arbitrary waveform generation (OAWG) and ultrafast electro-optic (EO) modulation. This paper presents the proof-of-concept experimental demonstration of this technique with two four-stage chip prototypes fabricated on silicon-on-insulator (SOI) substrate. Device fabrication and testing of the chip prototypes are presented. The measurement results show that from a 20-ps-wide input trigger pulse, two circuits generate four sequential pulses at the output with a constant stage delay of 55 ps and 30 ps respectively, which translate into pulse repetition rates of 18 GHz and 33 GHz.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. C. Batten, A. Joshi, J. Orcutt, A. Khilo, B. Moss, C. Holzwarth, M. Popovic, H. Li, H. Smith, J. Hoyt, F. Kartner, R. Ram, V. Stojanovic, and K. Asanovic, “Building many-core processor-to-DRAM networks with monolithic CMOS silicon photonics,” IEEE Micro. 29, 8–21 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  2. F. X. Kärtner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popović, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” in Silicon Photonics III, J. A. Kubby and G. T. Reed, eds. Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806 (2008).
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2011 (1)

M. Y. Sander, H. Byun, M. S. Dahlem, D. Chao, A. R. Motamedi, G. Petrich, L. Kolodziejski, L.S. Frolov, H. Hao, J. Shmulovich, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, “10 GHz waveguide interleaved femtosecond pulse train,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2011), p. CThY6.

2010 (3)

S. T. Cundiff and A. M. Weiner, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation,” Nat. Photonics 4, 760–766 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Ippen, A. Benedick, J. Birge, H. Byun, L.-J. Chen, G. Chang, D. Chao, J. Morse, A. Motamedi, M. Sander, G. Petrich, L. Kolodziejski, and F. Kärtner, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2010), p. JThC4.

S. Wang, B. Ciftcioglu, and H. Wu, “Microring-based optical pulse-train generator,” Opt. Express 18, 19314–19323 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

C. Batten, A. Joshi, J. Orcutt, A. Khilo, B. Moss, C. Holzwarth, M. Popovic, H. Li, H. Smith, J. Hoyt, F. Kartner, R. Ram, V. Stojanovic, and K. Asanovic, “Building many-core processor-to-DRAM networks with monolithic CMOS silicon photonics,” IEEE Micro. 29, 8–21 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

F. X. Kärtner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popović, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” in Silicon Photonics III, J. A. Kubby and G. T. Reed, eds. Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Vantrease, R. Schreiber, M. Monchiero, M. McLaren, N. P. Jouppi, M. Fiorentino, A. Davis, N. Binkert, R. G. Beausoleil, and J. H. Ahn, “Corona: System implications of emerging nanophotonic technology,” in Proceedings of the 35th Annual International Symposium on Computer Architecture (IEEE Computer Society, Washington, DC, USA, 2008), ISCA ’08, pp. 153–164.

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature 435, 325–327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

O. Wada, “Femtosecond all-optical devices for ultrafast communication and signal processing,” N. J. Phys. 6, 183 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2001 (1)

Ahn, J. H.

D. Vantrease, R. Schreiber, M. Monchiero, M. McLaren, N. P. Jouppi, M. Fiorentino, A. Davis, N. Binkert, R. G. Beausoleil, and J. H. Ahn, “Corona: System implications of emerging nanophotonic technology,” in Proceedings of the 35th Annual International Symposium on Computer Architecture (IEEE Computer Society, Washington, DC, USA, 2008), ISCA ’08, pp. 153–164.

Almeida, V. R.

Amatya, R.

F. X. Kärtner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popović, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” in Silicon Photonics III, J. A. Kubby and G. T. Reed, eds. Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Araghchini, M.

F. X. Kärtner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popović, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” in Silicon Photonics III, J. A. Kubby and G. T. Reed, eds. Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Asanovic, K.

C. Batten, A. Joshi, J. Orcutt, A. Khilo, B. Moss, C. Holzwarth, M. Popovic, H. Li, H. Smith, J. Hoyt, F. Kartner, R. Ram, V. Stojanovic, and K. Asanovic, “Building many-core processor-to-DRAM networks with monolithic CMOS silicon photonics,” IEEE Micro. 29, 8–21 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Batten, C.

C. Batten, A. Joshi, J. Orcutt, A. Khilo, B. Moss, C. Holzwarth, M. Popovic, H. Li, H. Smith, J. Hoyt, F. Kartner, R. Ram, V. Stojanovic, and K. Asanovic, “Building many-core processor-to-DRAM networks with monolithic CMOS silicon photonics,” IEEE Micro. 29, 8–21 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Beausoleil, R. G.

D. Vantrease, R. Schreiber, M. Monchiero, M. McLaren, N. P. Jouppi, M. Fiorentino, A. Davis, N. Binkert, R. G. Beausoleil, and J. H. Ahn, “Corona: System implications of emerging nanophotonic technology,” in Proceedings of the 35th Annual International Symposium on Computer Architecture (IEEE Computer Society, Washington, DC, USA, 2008), ISCA ’08, pp. 153–164.

Benedick, A.

E. Ippen, A. Benedick, J. Birge, H. Byun, L.-J. Chen, G. Chang, D. Chao, J. Morse, A. Motamedi, M. Sander, G. Petrich, L. Kolodziejski, and F. Kärtner, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2010), p. JThC4.

Binkert, N.

D. Vantrease, R. Schreiber, M. Monchiero, M. McLaren, N. P. Jouppi, M. Fiorentino, A. Davis, N. Binkert, R. G. Beausoleil, and J. H. Ahn, “Corona: System implications of emerging nanophotonic technology,” in Proceedings of the 35th Annual International Symposium on Computer Architecture (IEEE Computer Society, Washington, DC, USA, 2008), ISCA ’08, pp. 153–164.

Birge, J.

E. Ippen, A. Benedick, J. Birge, H. Byun, L.-J. Chen, G. Chang, D. Chao, J. Morse, A. Motamedi, M. Sander, G. Petrich, L. Kolodziejski, and F. Kärtner, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2010), p. JThC4.

F. X. Kärtner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popović, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” in Silicon Photonics III, J. A. Kubby and G. T. Reed, eds. Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Byun, H.

M. Y. Sander, H. Byun, M. S. Dahlem, D. Chao, A. R. Motamedi, G. Petrich, L. Kolodziejski, L.S. Frolov, H. Hao, J. Shmulovich, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, “10 GHz waveguide interleaved femtosecond pulse train,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2011), p. CThY6.

E. Ippen, A. Benedick, J. Birge, H. Byun, L.-J. Chen, G. Chang, D. Chao, J. Morse, A. Motamedi, M. Sander, G. Petrich, L. Kolodziejski, and F. Kärtner, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2010), p. JThC4.

F. X. Kärtner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popović, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” in Silicon Photonics III, J. A. Kubby and G. T. Reed, eds. Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cerrina, F.

Chang, G.

E. Ippen, A. Benedick, J. Birge, H. Byun, L.-J. Chen, G. Chang, D. Chao, J. Morse, A. Motamedi, M. Sander, G. Petrich, L. Kolodziejski, and F. Kärtner, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2010), p. JThC4.

Chao, D.

M. Y. Sander, H. Byun, M. S. Dahlem, D. Chao, A. R. Motamedi, G. Petrich, L. Kolodziejski, L.S. Frolov, H. Hao, J. Shmulovich, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, “10 GHz waveguide interleaved femtosecond pulse train,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2011), p. CThY6.

E. Ippen, A. Benedick, J. Birge, H. Byun, L.-J. Chen, G. Chang, D. Chao, J. Morse, A. Motamedi, M. Sander, G. Petrich, L. Kolodziejski, and F. Kärtner, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2010), p. JThC4.

Chen, J.

F. X. Kärtner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popović, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” in Silicon Photonics III, J. A. Kubby and G. T. Reed, eds. Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.-J.

E. Ippen, A. Benedick, J. Birge, H. Byun, L.-J. Chen, G. Chang, D. Chao, J. Morse, A. Motamedi, M. Sander, G. Petrich, L. Kolodziejski, and F. Kärtner, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2010), p. JThC4.

Ciftcioglu, B.

Cundiff, S. T.

S. T. Cundiff and A. M. Weiner, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation,” Nat. Photonics 4, 760–766 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dahlem, M.

F. X. Kärtner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popović, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” in Silicon Photonics III, J. A. Kubby and G. T. Reed, eds. Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dahlem, M. S.

M. Y. Sander, H. Byun, M. S. Dahlem, D. Chao, A. R. Motamedi, G. Petrich, L. Kolodziejski, L.S. Frolov, H. Hao, J. Shmulovich, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, “10 GHz waveguide interleaved femtosecond pulse train,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2011), p. CThY6.

Davis, A.

D. Vantrease, R. Schreiber, M. Monchiero, M. McLaren, N. P. Jouppi, M. Fiorentino, A. Davis, N. Binkert, R. G. Beausoleil, and J. H. Ahn, “Corona: System implications of emerging nanophotonic technology,” in Proceedings of the 35th Annual International Symposium on Computer Architecture (IEEE Computer Society, Washington, DC, USA, 2008), ISCA ’08, pp. 153–164.

DiLello, N. A.

F. X. Kärtner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popović, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” in Silicon Photonics III, J. A. Kubby and G. T. Reed, eds. Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fiorentino, M.

D. Vantrease, R. Schreiber, M. Monchiero, M. McLaren, N. P. Jouppi, M. Fiorentino, A. Davis, N. Binkert, R. G. Beausoleil, and J. H. Ahn, “Corona: System implications of emerging nanophotonic technology,” in Proceedings of the 35th Annual International Symposium on Computer Architecture (IEEE Computer Society, Washington, DC, USA, 2008), ISCA ’08, pp. 153–164.

Frolov, L.S.

M. Y. Sander, H. Byun, M. S. Dahlem, D. Chao, A. R. Motamedi, G. Petrich, L. Kolodziejski, L.S. Frolov, H. Hao, J. Shmulovich, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, “10 GHz waveguide interleaved femtosecond pulse train,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2011), p. CThY6.

Gan, F.

F. X. Kärtner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popović, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” in Silicon Photonics III, J. A. Kubby and G. T. Reed, eds. Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Geis, M. W.

F. X. Kärtner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popović, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” in Silicon Photonics III, J. A. Kubby and G. T. Reed, eds. Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Grein, M. E.

F. X. Kärtner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popović, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” in Silicon Photonics III, J. A. Kubby and G. T. Reed, eds. Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hao, H.

M. Y. Sander, H. Byun, M. S. Dahlem, D. Chao, A. R. Motamedi, G. Petrich, L. Kolodziejski, L.S. Frolov, H. Hao, J. Shmulovich, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, “10 GHz waveguide interleaved femtosecond pulse train,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2011), p. CThY6.

Holzwarth, C.

C. Batten, A. Joshi, J. Orcutt, A. Khilo, B. Moss, C. Holzwarth, M. Popovic, H. Li, H. Smith, J. Hoyt, F. Kartner, R. Ram, V. Stojanovic, and K. Asanovic, “Building many-core processor-to-DRAM networks with monolithic CMOS silicon photonics,” IEEE Micro. 29, 8–21 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Holzwarth, C. W.

F. X. Kärtner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popović, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” in Silicon Photonics III, J. A. Kubby and G. T. Reed, eds. Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hoyt, J.

C. Batten, A. Joshi, J. Orcutt, A. Khilo, B. Moss, C. Holzwarth, M. Popovic, H. Li, H. Smith, J. Hoyt, F. Kartner, R. Ram, V. Stojanovic, and K. Asanovic, “Building many-core processor-to-DRAM networks with monolithic CMOS silicon photonics,” IEEE Micro. 29, 8–21 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hoyt, J. L.

F. X. Kärtner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popović, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” in Silicon Photonics III, J. A. Kubby and G. T. Reed, eds. Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E.

E. Ippen, A. Benedick, J. Birge, H. Byun, L.-J. Chen, G. Chang, D. Chao, J. Morse, A. Motamedi, M. Sander, G. Petrich, L. Kolodziejski, and F. Kärtner, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2010), p. JThC4.

Ippen, E. P.

M. Y. Sander, H. Byun, M. S. Dahlem, D. Chao, A. R. Motamedi, G. Petrich, L. Kolodziejski, L.S. Frolov, H. Hao, J. Shmulovich, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, “10 GHz waveguide interleaved femtosecond pulse train,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2011), p. CThY6.

F. X. Kärtner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popović, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” in Silicon Photonics III, J. A. Kubby and G. T. Reed, eds. Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Joshi, A.

C. Batten, A. Joshi, J. Orcutt, A. Khilo, B. Moss, C. Holzwarth, M. Popovic, H. Li, H. Smith, J. Hoyt, F. Kartner, R. Ram, V. Stojanovic, and K. Asanovic, “Building many-core processor-to-DRAM networks with monolithic CMOS silicon photonics,” IEEE Micro. 29, 8–21 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jouppi, N. P.

D. Vantrease, R. Schreiber, M. Monchiero, M. McLaren, N. P. Jouppi, M. Fiorentino, A. Davis, N. Binkert, R. G. Beausoleil, and J. H. Ahn, “Corona: System implications of emerging nanophotonic technology,” in Proceedings of the 35th Annual International Symposium on Computer Architecture (IEEE Computer Society, Washington, DC, USA, 2008), ISCA ’08, pp. 153–164.

Kartner, F.

C. Batten, A. Joshi, J. Orcutt, A. Khilo, B. Moss, C. Holzwarth, M. Popovic, H. Li, H. Smith, J. Hoyt, F. Kartner, R. Ram, V. Stojanovic, and K. Asanovic, “Building many-core processor-to-DRAM networks with monolithic CMOS silicon photonics,” IEEE Micro. 29, 8–21 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kärtner, F.

E. Ippen, A. Benedick, J. Birge, H. Byun, L.-J. Chen, G. Chang, D. Chao, J. Morse, A. Motamedi, M. Sander, G. Petrich, L. Kolodziejski, and F. Kärtner, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2010), p. JThC4.

Kärtner, F. X.

M. Y. Sander, H. Byun, M. S. Dahlem, D. Chao, A. R. Motamedi, G. Petrich, L. Kolodziejski, L.S. Frolov, H. Hao, J. Shmulovich, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, “10 GHz waveguide interleaved femtosecond pulse train,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2011), p. CThY6.

F. X. Kärtner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popović, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” in Silicon Photonics III, J. A. Kubby and G. T. Reed, eds. Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Khilo, A.

C. Batten, A. Joshi, J. Orcutt, A. Khilo, B. Moss, C. Holzwarth, M. Popovic, H. Li, H. Smith, J. Hoyt, F. Kartner, R. Ram, V. Stojanovic, and K. Asanovic, “Building many-core processor-to-DRAM networks with monolithic CMOS silicon photonics,” IEEE Micro. 29, 8–21 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Kärtner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popović, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” in Silicon Photonics III, J. A. Kubby and G. T. Reed, eds. Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

F. X. Kärtner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popović, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” in Silicon Photonics III, J. A. Kubby and G. T. Reed, eds. Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, M.

F. X. Kärtner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popović, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” in Silicon Photonics III, J. A. Kubby and G. T. Reed, eds. Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kimerling, L. C.

Kolodziejski, L.

M. Y. Sander, H. Byun, M. S. Dahlem, D. Chao, A. R. Motamedi, G. Petrich, L. Kolodziejski, L.S. Frolov, H. Hao, J. Shmulovich, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, “10 GHz waveguide interleaved femtosecond pulse train,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2011), p. CThY6.

E. Ippen, A. Benedick, J. Birge, H. Byun, L.-J. Chen, G. Chang, D. Chao, J. Morse, A. Motamedi, M. Sander, G. Petrich, L. Kolodziejski, and F. Kärtner, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2010), p. JThC4.

Lee, K. K.

Lennon, D. M.

F. X. Kärtner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popović, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” in Silicon Photonics III, J. A. Kubby and G. T. Reed, eds. Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

C. Batten, A. Joshi, J. Orcutt, A. Khilo, B. Moss, C. Holzwarth, M. Popovic, H. Li, H. Smith, J. Hoyt, F. Kartner, R. Ram, V. Stojanovic, and K. Asanovic, “Building many-core processor-to-DRAM networks with monolithic CMOS silicon photonics,” IEEE Micro. 29, 8–21 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lim, D. R.

Lipson, M.

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature 435, 325–327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. R. Almeida, R. R. Panepucci, and M. Lipson, “Nanotaper for compact mode conversion,” Opt. Lett. 28, 1302–1304 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lyszczarz, T. M.

F. X. Kärtner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popović, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” in Silicon Photonics III, J. A. Kubby and G. T. Reed, eds. Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Manolatou, C.

McLaren, M.

D. Vantrease, R. Schreiber, M. Monchiero, M. McLaren, N. P. Jouppi, M. Fiorentino, A. Davis, N. Binkert, R. G. Beausoleil, and J. H. Ahn, “Corona: System implications of emerging nanophotonic technology,” in Proceedings of the 35th Annual International Symposium on Computer Architecture (IEEE Computer Society, Washington, DC, USA, 2008), ISCA ’08, pp. 153–164.

Monchiero, M.

D. Vantrease, R. Schreiber, M. Monchiero, M. McLaren, N. P. Jouppi, M. Fiorentino, A. Davis, N. Binkert, R. G. Beausoleil, and J. H. Ahn, “Corona: System implications of emerging nanophotonic technology,” in Proceedings of the 35th Annual International Symposium on Computer Architecture (IEEE Computer Society, Washington, DC, USA, 2008), ISCA ’08, pp. 153–164.

Morse, J.

E. Ippen, A. Benedick, J. Birge, H. Byun, L.-J. Chen, G. Chang, D. Chao, J. Morse, A. Motamedi, M. Sander, G. Petrich, L. Kolodziejski, and F. Kärtner, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2010), p. JThC4.

Moss, B.

C. Batten, A. Joshi, J. Orcutt, A. Khilo, B. Moss, C. Holzwarth, M. Popovic, H. Li, H. Smith, J. Hoyt, F. Kartner, R. Ram, V. Stojanovic, and K. Asanovic, “Building many-core processor-to-DRAM networks with monolithic CMOS silicon photonics,” IEEE Micro. 29, 8–21 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Motamedi, A.

E. Ippen, A. Benedick, J. Birge, H. Byun, L.-J. Chen, G. Chang, D. Chao, J. Morse, A. Motamedi, M. Sander, G. Petrich, L. Kolodziejski, and F. Kärtner, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2010), p. JThC4.

F. X. Kärtner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popović, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” in Silicon Photonics III, J. A. Kubby and G. T. Reed, eds. Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Motamedi, A. R.

M. Y. Sander, H. Byun, M. S. Dahlem, D. Chao, A. R. Motamedi, G. Petrich, L. Kolodziejski, L.S. Frolov, H. Hao, J. Shmulovich, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, “10 GHz waveguide interleaved femtosecond pulse train,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2011), p. CThY6.

Orcutt, J.

C. Batten, A. Joshi, J. Orcutt, A. Khilo, B. Moss, C. Holzwarth, M. Popovic, H. Li, H. Smith, J. Hoyt, F. Kartner, R. Ram, V. Stojanovic, and K. Asanovic, “Building many-core processor-to-DRAM networks with monolithic CMOS silicon photonics,” IEEE Micro. 29, 8–21 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Orcutt, J. S.

F. X. Kärtner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popović, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” in Silicon Photonics III, J. A. Kubby and G. T. Reed, eds. Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Panepucci, R. R.

Park, M.

F. X. Kärtner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popović, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” in Silicon Photonics III, J. A. Kubby and G. T. Reed, eds. Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Perrott, M.

F. X. Kärtner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popović, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” in Silicon Photonics III, J. A. Kubby and G. T. Reed, eds. Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Petrich, G.

M. Y. Sander, H. Byun, M. S. Dahlem, D. Chao, A. R. Motamedi, G. Petrich, L. Kolodziejski, L.S. Frolov, H. Hao, J. Shmulovich, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, “10 GHz waveguide interleaved femtosecond pulse train,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2011), p. CThY6.

E. Ippen, A. Benedick, J. Birge, H. Byun, L.-J. Chen, G. Chang, D. Chao, J. Morse, A. Motamedi, M. Sander, G. Petrich, L. Kolodziejski, and F. Kärtner, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2010), p. JThC4.

Popovic, M.

C. Batten, A. Joshi, J. Orcutt, A. Khilo, B. Moss, C. Holzwarth, M. Popovic, H. Li, H. Smith, J. Hoyt, F. Kartner, R. Ram, V. Stojanovic, and K. Asanovic, “Building many-core processor-to-DRAM networks with monolithic CMOS silicon photonics,” IEEE Micro. 29, 8–21 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Popovic, C. Manolatou, and M. Watts, “Coupling-induced resonance frequency shifts in coupled dielectric multi-cavity filters,” Opt. Express 14, 1208–1222 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Popovic, M. A.

F. X. Kärtner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popović, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” in Silicon Photonics III, J. A. Kubby and G. T. Reed, eds. Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pradhan, S.

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature 435, 325–327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ram, R.

C. Batten, A. Joshi, J. Orcutt, A. Khilo, B. Moss, C. Holzwarth, M. Popovic, H. Li, H. Smith, J. Hoyt, F. Kartner, R. Ram, V. Stojanovic, and K. Asanovic, “Building many-core processor-to-DRAM networks with monolithic CMOS silicon photonics,” IEEE Micro. 29, 8–21 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ram, R. J.

F. X. Kärtner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popović, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” in Silicon Photonics III, J. A. Kubby and G. T. Reed, eds. Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sander, M.

E. Ippen, A. Benedick, J. Birge, H. Byun, L.-J. Chen, G. Chang, D. Chao, J. Morse, A. Motamedi, M. Sander, G. Petrich, L. Kolodziejski, and F. Kärtner, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2010), p. JThC4.

Sander, M. Y.

M. Y. Sander, H. Byun, M. S. Dahlem, D. Chao, A. R. Motamedi, G. Petrich, L. Kolodziejski, L.S. Frolov, H. Hao, J. Shmulovich, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, “10 GHz waveguide interleaved femtosecond pulse train,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2011), p. CThY6.

Schmidt, B.

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature 435, 325–327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schreiber, R.

D. Vantrease, R. Schreiber, M. Monchiero, M. McLaren, N. P. Jouppi, M. Fiorentino, A. Davis, N. Binkert, R. G. Beausoleil, and J. H. Ahn, “Corona: System implications of emerging nanophotonic technology,” in Proceedings of the 35th Annual International Symposium on Computer Architecture (IEEE Computer Society, Washington, DC, USA, 2008), ISCA ’08, pp. 153–164.

Schulein, R. T.

F. X. Kärtner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popović, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” in Silicon Photonics III, J. A. Kubby and G. T. Reed, eds. Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shin, J.

Shmulovich, J.

M. Y. Sander, H. Byun, M. S. Dahlem, D. Chao, A. R. Motamedi, G. Petrich, L. Kolodziejski, L.S. Frolov, H. Hao, J. Shmulovich, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, “10 GHz waveguide interleaved femtosecond pulse train,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2011), p. CThY6.

Smith, H.

C. Batten, A. Joshi, J. Orcutt, A. Khilo, B. Moss, C. Holzwarth, M. Popovic, H. Li, H. Smith, J. Hoyt, F. Kartner, R. Ram, V. Stojanovic, and K. Asanovic, “Building many-core processor-to-DRAM networks with monolithic CMOS silicon photonics,” IEEE Micro. 29, 8–21 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Smith, H. I.

F. X. Kärtner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popović, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” in Silicon Photonics III, J. A. Kubby and G. T. Reed, eds. Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Spector, S. J.

F. X. Kärtner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popović, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” in Silicon Photonics III, J. A. Kubby and G. T. Reed, eds. Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Stojanovic, V.

C. Batten, A. Joshi, J. Orcutt, A. Khilo, B. Moss, C. Holzwarth, M. Popovic, H. Li, H. Smith, J. Hoyt, F. Kartner, R. Ram, V. Stojanovic, and K. Asanovic, “Building many-core processor-to-DRAM networks with monolithic CMOS silicon photonics,” IEEE Micro. 29, 8–21 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Vantrease, D.

D. Vantrease, R. Schreiber, M. Monchiero, M. McLaren, N. P. Jouppi, M. Fiorentino, A. Davis, N. Binkert, R. G. Beausoleil, and J. H. Ahn, “Corona: System implications of emerging nanophotonic technology,” in Proceedings of the 35th Annual International Symposium on Computer Architecture (IEEE Computer Society, Washington, DC, USA, 2008), ISCA ’08, pp. 153–164.

Wada, O.

O. Wada, “Femtosecond all-optical devices for ultrafast communication and signal processing,” N. J. Phys. 6, 183 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S.

Watts, M.

Weiner, A. M.

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F. X. Kärtner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popović, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” in Silicon Photonics III, J. A. Kubby and G. T. Reed, eds. Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, G. R.

F. X. Kärtner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popović, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” in Silicon Photonics III, J. A. Kubby and G. T. Reed, eds. Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806 (2008).
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C. Batten, A. Joshi, J. Orcutt, A. Khilo, B. Moss, C. Holzwarth, M. Popovic, H. Li, H. Smith, J. Hoyt, F. Kartner, R. Ram, V. Stojanovic, and K. Asanovic, “Building many-core processor-to-DRAM networks with monolithic CMOS silicon photonics,” IEEE Micro. 29, 8–21 (2009).
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N. J. Phys. (1)

O. Wada, “Femtosecond all-optical devices for ultrafast communication and signal processing,” N. J. Phys. 6, 183 (2004).
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Nat. Photonics (1)

S. T. Cundiff and A. M. Weiner, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation,” Nat. Photonics 4, 760–766 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, and M. Lipson, “Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator,” Nature 435, 325–327 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (4)

M. Y. Sander, H. Byun, M. S. Dahlem, D. Chao, A. R. Motamedi, G. Petrich, L. Kolodziejski, L.S. Frolov, H. Hao, J. Shmulovich, E. P. Ippen, and F. X. Kärtner, “10 GHz waveguide interleaved femtosecond pulse train,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2011), p. CThY6.

E. Ippen, A. Benedick, J. Birge, H. Byun, L.-J. Chen, G. Chang, D. Chao, J. Morse, A. Motamedi, M. Sander, G. Petrich, L. Kolodziejski, and F. Kärtner, “Optical arbitrary waveform generation,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO) (Optical Society of America, 2010), p. JThC4.

D. Vantrease, R. Schreiber, M. Monchiero, M. McLaren, N. P. Jouppi, M. Fiorentino, A. Davis, N. Binkert, R. G. Beausoleil, and J. H. Ahn, “Corona: System implications of emerging nanophotonic technology,” in Proceedings of the 35th Annual International Symposium on Computer Architecture (IEEE Computer Society, Washington, DC, USA, 2008), ISCA ’08, pp. 153–164.

F. X. Kärtner, R. Amatya, M. Araghchini, J. Birge, H. Byun, J. Chen, M. Dahlem, N. A. DiLello, F. Gan, C. W. Holzwarth, J. L. Hoyt, E. P. Ippen, A. Khilo, J. Kim, M. Kim, A. Motamedi, J. S. Orcutt, M. Park, M. Perrott, M. A. Popović, R. J. Ram, H. I. Smith, G. R. Zhou, S. J. Spector, T. M. Lyszczarz, M. W. Geis, D. M. Lennon, J. U. Yoon, M. E. Grein, and R. T. Schulein, “Photonic analog-to-digital conversion with electronic-photonic integrated circuits,” in Silicon Photonics III, J. A. Kubby and G. T. Reed, eds. Proc. SPIE 6898, 689806 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) The schematic of a four-stage, first order M-OPTG. (b)–(d) SEM images of the circuit after etching: (b) Overall view; (c) Close-up of the first stage; (d) Vertical sidewall.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for the time domain test. FBG: fiber Bragg grating; EDFA: erbium-doped fiber amplifier; PC: polarization controller; PD: photodetector.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Time-domain behavior of the circuits: (a) Separate stage outputs with a stage delay of 30 ps; (b) Combined output with a stage delay of 55 ps; Insets show relative stage delays.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Transmission at each stage output; The resonance peaks around 1556 nm is enlarged.

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