Abstract

We demonstrated the selection of a single comb-line from an optical frequency comb (OFC) of a mode-locked femtosecond fiber laser with a 250 MHz pulse repetition rate, and applied for precision spectroscopy of Rb atoms at 1529 nm. The single comb-line was selected from the fiber-OFC with a 1.5 GHz mode-spacing using spectral-mode-filtering and femtosecond laser injection-locking. When the repetition rate of the mode-locked femtosecond fiber laser was scanned over the range of 382.6 Hz at 250 MHz, we observed the double-resonance optical pumping spectra of the 5S 1/2-5P 3/2-4D 3/2 transition of Rb atoms using the selected comb-line of an OFC scanned over the range of 300 MHz at 196 037 213.8 MHz.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288(5466), 635–639 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416(6877), 233–237 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, R. Higashi, and H. Katori, “An optical lattice clock,” Nature 435(7040), 321–324 (2005).
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  6. J. Lee, Y.-J. Kim, K. Lee, S. Lee, and S.-W. Kim, “Time-of-flight measurement with femtosecond light pulses,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 716–720 (2010).
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  7. T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and Th. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
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  8. C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s(-1),” Nature 452(7187), 610–612 (2008).
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  9. R. Teets, J. Eckstein, and T. W. Hänsch, “Coherent Two-Photon Excitation by Multiple Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 38(14), 760–764 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
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  12. A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, J. R. Lawall, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, “United time-frequency spectroscopy for dynamics and global structure,” Science 306(5704), 2063–2068 (2004).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. H. Y. Ryu, S. H. Lee, W. K. Lee, H. S. Moon, and H. S. Suh, “Absolute frequency measurement of an acetylene stabilized laser using a selected single mode from a femtosecond fiber laser comb,” Opt. Express 16(5), 2867–2873 (2008).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Udem, “Fabry–Pérot filter cavities for wide-spaced frequency combs with large spectral bandwidth,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 251–256 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  28. M. T. Murphy, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  29. M. J. Thorpe, F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, M. H. G. de Miranda, and J. Ye, “Tomography of a supersonically cooled molecular jet using cavity-enhanced direct frequency comb spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 468(1-3), 1–8 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  31. H. S. Moon, L. Lee, and J. B. Kim, “Double-resonance optical pumping of Rb atoms,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(9), 2157–2164 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  32. H. S. Moon, W.-K. Lee, and H. S. Suh, “Hyperfine-structure-constant determination and absolute-frequency measurement of the Rb 4D3/2 state,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 062503 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  33. H. S. Moon and H. R. Noh, “Optical pumping effects in ladder-type electromagnetically induced transparency of 5S1/2–5P3/2–5D3/2 transition of 87Rb atoms,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(5), 055004 (2011).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (1)

H. S. Moon and H. R. Noh, “Optical pumping effects in ladder-type electromagnetically induced transparency of 5S1/2–5P3/2–5D3/2 transition of 87Rb atoms,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(5), 055004 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (4)

H. Y. Ryu, S. H. Lee, E. B. Kim, H. S. Suh, and H. S. Moon, “A discretely tunable multifrequency source injection locked to a spectral-mode-filtered fiber laser comb,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(14), 141107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lee, Y.-J. Kim, K. Lee, S. Lee, and S.-W. Kim, “Time-of-flight measurement with femtosecond light pulses,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 716–720 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Reinhardt, E. Peters, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “Two-photon direct frequency comb spectroscopy with chirped pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 81(3), 033427 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Stalnaker, V. Mbele, V. Gerginov, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, and C. E. Tanner, “Femtosecond frequency comb measurement of absolute frequencies and hyperfine coupling constants in cesium vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 81(4), 043840 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

M. J. Thorpe, F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, M. H. G. de Miranda, and J. Ye, “Tomography of a supersonically cooled molecular jet using cavity-enhanced direct frequency comb spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 468(1-3), 1–8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Moon, W.-K. Lee, and H. S. Suh, “Hyperfine-structure-constant determination and absolute-frequency measurement of the Rb 4D3/2 state,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 062503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Udem, “Fabry–Pérot filter cavities for wide-spaced frequency combs with large spectral bandwidth,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 251–256 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

H. Y. Ryu, S. H. Lee, W. K. Lee, H. S. Moon, and H. S. Suh, “Absolute frequency measurement of an acetylene stabilized laser using a selected single mode from a femtosecond fiber laser comb,” Opt. Express 16(5), 2867–2873 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and Th. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s(-1),” Nature 452(7187), 610–612 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (4)

C. Gohle, B. Stein, A. Schliesser, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Frequency comb Vernier spectroscopy for broadband, high-resolution, high-sensitivity absorption and dispersion spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Murphy, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Moon, S. E. Park, and E. B. Kim, “Coherent multi-frequency optical source generation using a femto-second laser and its application for coherent population trapping,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3265–3270 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Moon, L. Lee, and J. B. Kim, “Double-resonance optical pumping of Rb atoms,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(9), 2157–2164 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (6)

S. Zhou, D. G. Ouzounov, and F. W. Wise, “Passive harmonic mode-locking of a soliton Yb fiber laser at repetition rates to 1.5 GHz,” Opt. Lett. 31(8), 1041–1043 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. C. Cruz, M. C. Stowe, and J. Ye, “Tapered semiconductor amplifiers for optical frequency combs in the near infrared,” Opt. Lett. 31(9), 1337–1339 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. M. Fortier, Y. L. Coq, J. E. Stalnaker, D. Ortega, S. A. Diddams, C. W. Oates, and L. Hollberg, “Kilohertz-resolution spectroscopy of cold atoms with an optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(16), 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Moon, E. B. Kim, S. E. Park, and C. Y. Park, “Selection and amplification of modes of an optical frequency comb using a femtosecond laser injection-locking technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(18), 181110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Park, E. B. Kim, Y.-H. Park, D. S. Yee, T. Y. Kwon, C. Y. Park, H. S. Moon, and T. H. Yoon, “Sweep optical frequency synthesizer with a distributed-Bragg-reflector laser injection locked by a single component of an optical frequency comb,” Opt. Lett. 31(24), 3594–3596 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Stowe, F. C. Cruz, A. Marian, and J. Ye, “High resolution atomic coherent control via spectral phase manipulation of an optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(15), 153001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, “Direct frequency comb measurements of absolute optical frequencies and population transfer dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(2), 023001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, R. Higashi, and H. Katori, “An optical lattice clock,” Nature 435(7040), 321–324 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, J. R. Lawall, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, “United time-frequency spectroscopy for dynamics and global structure,” Science 306(5704), 2063–2068 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (2)

2000 (2)

J. Reichert, M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, M. Weitz, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Phase coherent vacuum-ultraviolet to radio frequency comparison with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(15), 3232–3235 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288(5466), 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Absolute optical frequency measurement of the Cesium D1 line with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(18), 3568–3571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

D. Meshulach and Y. Silberberg, “Coherent quantum control of two-photon transitions by a femtosecond laser pulse,” Nature 396(6708), 239–242 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

J. N. Eckstein, A. I. Ferguson, and T. W. Hänsch, “High-Resolution Two-Photon Spectroscopy with Picosecond Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 40(13), 847–850 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1977 (2)

R. Teets, J. Eckstein, and T. W. Hänsch, “Coherent Two-Photon Excitation by Multiple Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 38(14), 760–764 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Y. V. Baklanov and V. P. Chebotayev, “Narrow resonances of 2-photon absorption of super-narrow pulses in a gas,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 12(1), 97–99 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Adler, F.

M. J. Thorpe, F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, M. H. G. de Miranda, and J. Ye, “Tomography of a supersonically cooled molecular jet using cavity-enhanced direct frequency comb spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 468(1-3), 1–8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Araujo-Hauck, C.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Udem, “Fabry–Pérot filter cavities for wide-spaced frequency combs with large spectral bandwidth,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 251–256 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and Th. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Murphy, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Baklanov, Y. V.

Y. V. Baklanov and V. P. Chebotayev, “Narrow resonances of 2-photon absorption of super-narrow pulses in a gas,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 12(1), 97–99 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Benedick, A. J.

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s(-1),” Nature 452(7187), 610–612 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chebotayev, V. P.

Y. V. Baklanov and V. P. Chebotayev, “Narrow resonances of 2-photon absorption of super-narrow pulses in a gas,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 12(1), 97–99 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Coq, Y. L.

T. M. Fortier, Y. L. Coq, J. E. Stalnaker, D. Ortega, S. A. Diddams, C. W. Oates, and L. Hollberg, “Kilohertz-resolution spectroscopy of cold atoms with an optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(16), 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cossel, K. C.

M. J. Thorpe, F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, M. H. G. de Miranda, and J. Ye, “Tomography of a supersonically cooled molecular jet using cavity-enhanced direct frequency comb spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 468(1-3), 1–8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cruz, F. C.

F. C. Cruz, M. C. Stowe, and J. Ye, “Tapered semiconductor amplifiers for optical frequency combs in the near infrared,” Opt. Lett. 31(9), 1337–1339 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Stowe, F. C. Cruz, A. Marian, and J. Ye, “High resolution atomic coherent control via spectral phase manipulation of an optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(15), 153001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cundiff, S. T.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288(5466), 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D’Odorico, S.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and Th. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Murphy, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

de Miranda, M. H. G.

M. J. Thorpe, F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, M. H. G. de Miranda, and J. Ye, “Tomography of a supersonically cooled molecular jet using cavity-enhanced direct frequency comb spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 468(1-3), 1–8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dekker, H.

M. T. Murphy, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Diddams, S. A.

J. E. Stalnaker, V. Mbele, V. Gerginov, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, and C. E. Tanner, “Femtosecond frequency comb measurement of absolute frequencies and hyperfine coupling constants in cesium vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 81(4), 043840 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Fortier, Y. L. Coq, J. E. Stalnaker, D. Ortega, S. A. Diddams, C. W. Oates, and L. Hollberg, “Kilohertz-resolution spectroscopy of cold atoms with an optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(16), 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288(5466), 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eckstein, J.

R. Teets, J. Eckstein, and T. W. Hänsch, “Coherent Two-Photon Excitation by Multiple Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 38(14), 760–764 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Eckstein, J. N.

J. N. Eckstein, A. I. Ferguson, and T. W. Hänsch, “High-Resolution Two-Photon Spectroscopy with Picosecond Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 40(13), 847–850 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Felinto, D.

A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, “Direct frequency comb measurements of absolute optical frequencies and population transfer dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(2), 023001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, J. R. Lawall, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, “United time-frequency spectroscopy for dynamics and global structure,” Science 306(5704), 2063–2068 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fendel, P.

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s(-1),” Nature 452(7187), 610–612 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferguson, A. I.

J. N. Eckstein, A. I. Ferguson, and T. W. Hänsch, “High-Resolution Two-Photon Spectroscopy with Picosecond Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 40(13), 847–850 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, M.

M. T. Murphy, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fortier, T. M.

J. E. Stalnaker, V. Mbele, V. Gerginov, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, and C. E. Tanner, “Femtosecond frequency comb measurement of absolute frequencies and hyperfine coupling constants in cesium vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 81(4), 043840 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Fortier, Y. L. Coq, J. E. Stalnaker, D. Ortega, S. A. Diddams, C. W. Oates, and L. Hollberg, “Kilohertz-resolution spectroscopy of cold atoms with an optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(16), 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gerginov, V.

J. E. Stalnaker, V. Mbele, V. Gerginov, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, and C. E. Tanner, “Femtosecond frequency comb measurement of absolute frequencies and hyperfine coupling constants in cesium vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 81(4), 043840 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Glenday, A. G.

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s(-1),” Nature 452(7187), 610–612 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gohle, C.

C. Gohle, B. Stein, A. Schliesser, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Frequency comb Vernier spectroscopy for broadband, high-resolution, high-sensitivity absorption and dispersion spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hall, J.

Hall, J. L.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288(5466), 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hänsch, T. W.

S. Reinhardt, E. Peters, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “Two-photon direct frequency comb spectroscopy with chirped pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 81(3), 033427 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Udem, “Fabry–Pérot filter cavities for wide-spaced frequency combs with large spectral bandwidth,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 251–256 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and Th. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Murphy, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Gohle, B. Stein, A. Schliesser, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Frequency comb Vernier spectroscopy for broadband, high-resolution, high-sensitivity absorption and dispersion spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416(6877), 233–237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Reichert, M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, M. Weitz, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Phase coherent vacuum-ultraviolet to radio frequency comparison with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(15), 3232–3235 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Absolute optical frequency measurement of the Cesium D1 line with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(18), 3568–3571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Eckstein, A. I. Ferguson, and T. W. Hänsch, “High-Resolution Two-Photon Spectroscopy with Picosecond Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 40(13), 847–850 (1978).
[CrossRef]

R. Teets, J. Eckstein, and T. W. Hänsch, “Coherent Two-Photon Excitation by Multiple Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 38(14), 760–764 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Higashi, R.

M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, R. Higashi, and H. Katori, “An optical lattice clock,” Nature 435(7040), 321–324 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hollberg, L.

J. E. Stalnaker, V. Mbele, V. Gerginov, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, and C. E. Tanner, “Femtosecond frequency comb measurement of absolute frequencies and hyperfine coupling constants in cesium vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 81(4), 043840 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Fortier, Y. L. Coq, J. E. Stalnaker, D. Ortega, S. A. Diddams, C. W. Oates, and L. Hollberg, “Kilohertz-resolution spectroscopy of cold atoms with an optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(16), 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, R.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Udem, “Fabry–Pérot filter cavities for wide-spaced frequency combs with large spectral bandwidth,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 251–256 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and Th. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Murphy, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416(6877), 233–237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Reichert, M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, M. Weitz, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Phase coherent vacuum-ultraviolet to radio frequency comparison with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(15), 3232–3235 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Absolute optical frequency measurement of the Cesium D1 line with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(18), 3568–3571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hong, F. L.

M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, R. Higashi, and H. Katori, “An optical lattice clock,” Nature 435(7040), 321–324 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jones, D. J.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288(5466), 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jost, J.

Kärtner, F. X.

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s(-1),” Nature 452(7187), 610–612 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Katori, H.

M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, R. Higashi, and H. Katori, “An optical lattice clock,” Nature 435(7040), 321–324 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kentischer, T.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and Th. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, E. B.

H. Y. Ryu, S. H. Lee, E. B. Kim, H. S. Suh, and H. S. Moon, “A discretely tunable multifrequency source injection locked to a spectral-mode-filtered fiber laser comb,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(14), 141107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Moon, S. E. Park, and E. B. Kim, “Coherent multi-frequency optical source generation using a femto-second laser and its application for coherent population trapping,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3265–3270 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Moon, E. B. Kim, S. E. Park, and C. Y. Park, “Selection and amplification of modes of an optical frequency comb using a femtosecond laser injection-locking technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(18), 181110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Park, E. B. Kim, Y.-H. Park, D. S. Yee, T. Y. Kwon, C. Y. Park, H. S. Moon, and T. H. Yoon, “Sweep optical frequency synthesizer with a distributed-Bragg-reflector laser injection locked by a single component of an optical frequency comb,” Opt. Lett. 31(24), 3594–3596 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, J. B.

Kim, S.-W.

J. Lee, Y.-J. Kim, K. Lee, S. Lee, and S.-W. Kim, “Time-of-flight measurement with femtosecond light pulses,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 716–720 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y.-J.

J. Lee, Y.-J. Kim, K. Lee, S. Lee, and S.-W. Kim, “Time-of-flight measurement with femtosecond light pulses,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 716–720 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, T. Y.

Lawall, J. R.

A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, J. R. Lawall, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, “United time-frequency spectroscopy for dynamics and global structure,” Science 306(5704), 2063–2068 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, J.

J. Lee, Y.-J. Kim, K. Lee, S. Lee, and S.-W. Kim, “Time-of-flight measurement with femtosecond light pulses,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 716–720 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K.

J. Lee, Y.-J. Kim, K. Lee, S. Lee, and S.-W. Kim, “Time-of-flight measurement with femtosecond light pulses,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 716–720 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lee, L.

Lee, S.

J. Lee, Y.-J. Kim, K. Lee, S. Lee, and S.-W. Kim, “Time-of-flight measurement with femtosecond light pulses,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 716–720 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. H.

H. Y. Ryu, S. H. Lee, E. B. Kim, H. S. Suh, and H. S. Moon, “A discretely tunable multifrequency source injection locked to a spectral-mode-filtered fiber laser comb,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(14), 141107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Ryu, S. H. Lee, W. K. Lee, H. S. Moon, and H. S. Suh, “Absolute frequency measurement of an acetylene stabilized laser using a selected single mode from a femtosecond fiber laser comb,” Opt. Express 16(5), 2867–2873 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, W. K.

Lee, W.-K.

H. S. Moon, W.-K. Lee, and H. S. Suh, “Hyperfine-structure-constant determination and absolute-frequency measurement of the Rb 4D3/2 state,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 062503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, C.-H.

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s(-1),” Nature 452(7187), 610–612 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Manescau, A.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and Th. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Murphy, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Marian, A.

M. C. Stowe, F. C. Cruz, A. Marian, and J. Ye, “High resolution atomic coherent control via spectral phase manipulation of an optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(15), 153001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, “Direct frequency comb measurements of absolute optical frequencies and population transfer dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(2), 023001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, J. R. Lawall, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, “United time-frequency spectroscopy for dynamics and global structure,” Science 306(5704), 2063–2068 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mbele, V.

J. E. Stalnaker, V. Mbele, V. Gerginov, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, and C. E. Tanner, “Femtosecond frequency comb measurement of absolute frequencies and hyperfine coupling constants in cesium vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 81(4), 043840 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Meshulach, D.

D. Meshulach and Y. Silberberg, “Coherent quantum control of two-photon transitions by a femtosecond laser pulse,” Nature 396(6708), 239–242 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Moon, H. S.

H. S. Moon and H. R. Noh, “Optical pumping effects in ladder-type electromagnetically induced transparency of 5S1/2–5P3/2–5D3/2 transition of 87Rb atoms,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(5), 055004 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Ryu, S. H. Lee, E. B. Kim, H. S. Suh, and H. S. Moon, “A discretely tunable multifrequency source injection locked to a spectral-mode-filtered fiber laser comb,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(14), 141107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Moon, W.-K. Lee, and H. S. Suh, “Hyperfine-structure-constant determination and absolute-frequency measurement of the Rb 4D3/2 state,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 062503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Ryu, S. H. Lee, W. K. Lee, H. S. Moon, and H. S. Suh, “Absolute frequency measurement of an acetylene stabilized laser using a selected single mode from a femtosecond fiber laser comb,” Opt. Express 16(5), 2867–2873 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Moon, S. E. Park, and E. B. Kim, “Coherent multi-frequency optical source generation using a femto-second laser and its application for coherent population trapping,” Opt. Express 15(6), 3265–3270 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Moon, L. Lee, and J. B. Kim, “Double-resonance optical pumping of Rb atoms,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(9), 2157–2164 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Park, E. B. Kim, Y.-H. Park, D. S. Yee, T. Y. Kwon, C. Y. Park, H. S. Moon, and T. H. Yoon, “Sweep optical frequency synthesizer with a distributed-Bragg-reflector laser injection locked by a single component of an optical frequency comb,” Opt. Lett. 31(24), 3594–3596 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Moon, E. B. Kim, S. E. Park, and C. Y. Park, “Selection and amplification of modes of an optical frequency comb using a femtosecond laser injection-locking technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(18), 181110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Murphy, M. T.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and Th. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Murphy, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Niering, M.

J. Reichert, M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, M. Weitz, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Phase coherent vacuum-ultraviolet to radio frequency comparison with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(15), 3232–3235 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Noh, H. R.

H. S. Moon and H. R. Noh, “Optical pumping effects in ladder-type electromagnetically induced transparency of 5S1/2–5P3/2–5D3/2 transition of 87Rb atoms,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(5), 055004 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Oates, C. W.

T. M. Fortier, Y. L. Coq, J. E. Stalnaker, D. Ortega, S. A. Diddams, C. W. Oates, and L. Hollberg, “Kilohertz-resolution spectroscopy of cold atoms with an optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(16), 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ortega, D.

T. M. Fortier, Y. L. Coq, J. E. Stalnaker, D. Ortega, S. A. Diddams, C. W. Oates, and L. Hollberg, “Kilohertz-resolution spectroscopy of cold atoms with an optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(16), 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ouzounov, D. G.

Park, C. Y.

S. E. Park, E. B. Kim, Y.-H. Park, D. S. Yee, T. Y. Kwon, C. Y. Park, H. S. Moon, and T. H. Yoon, “Sweep optical frequency synthesizer with a distributed-Bragg-reflector laser injection locked by a single component of an optical frequency comb,” Opt. Lett. 31(24), 3594–3596 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Moon, E. B. Kim, S. E. Park, and C. Y. Park, “Selection and amplification of modes of an optical frequency comb using a femtosecond laser injection-locking technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(18), 181110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Park, S. E.

Park, Y.-H.

Pasquini, L.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and Th. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Murphy, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Peters, E.

S. Reinhardt, E. Peters, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “Two-photon direct frequency comb spectroscopy with chirped pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 81(3), 033427 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Phillips, D. F.

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s(-1),” Nature 452(7187), 610–612 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ranka, J. K.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288(5466), 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reichert, J.

J. Reichert, M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, M. Weitz, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Phase coherent vacuum-ultraviolet to radio frequency comparison with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(15), 3232–3235 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Absolute optical frequency measurement of the Cesium D1 line with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(18), 3568–3571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Reinhardt, S.

S. Reinhardt, E. Peters, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “Two-photon direct frequency comb spectroscopy with chirped pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 81(3), 033427 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ryu, H. Y.

H. Y. Ryu, S. H. Lee, E. B. Kim, H. S. Suh, and H. S. Moon, “A discretely tunable multifrequency source injection locked to a spectral-mode-filtered fiber laser comb,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(14), 141107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Ryu, S. H. Lee, W. K. Lee, H. S. Moon, and H. S. Suh, “Absolute frequency measurement of an acetylene stabilized laser using a selected single mode from a femtosecond fiber laser comb,” Opt. Express 16(5), 2867–2873 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sasselov, D.

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s(-1),” Nature 452(7187), 610–612 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schliesser, A.

C. Gohle, B. Stein, A. Schliesser, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Frequency comb Vernier spectroscopy for broadband, high-resolution, high-sensitivity absorption and dispersion spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmidt, W.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and Th. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Silberberg, Y.

D. Meshulach and Y. Silberberg, “Coherent quantum control of two-photon transitions by a femtosecond laser pulse,” Nature 396(6708), 239–242 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sizmann, A.

M. T. Murphy, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Stalnaker, J. E.

J. E. Stalnaker, V. Mbele, V. Gerginov, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, and C. E. Tanner, “Femtosecond frequency comb measurement of absolute frequencies and hyperfine coupling constants in cesium vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 81(4), 043840 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Fortier, Y. L. Coq, J. E. Stalnaker, D. Ortega, S. A. Diddams, C. W. Oates, and L. Hollberg, “Kilohertz-resolution spectroscopy of cold atoms with an optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(16), 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stein, B.

C. Gohle, B. Stein, A. Schliesser, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Frequency comb Vernier spectroscopy for broadband, high-resolution, high-sensitivity absorption and dispersion spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steinmetz, T.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Udem, “Fabry–Pérot filter cavities for wide-spaced frequency combs with large spectral bandwidth,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 251–256 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and Th. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stentz, A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288(5466), 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stowe, M. C.

M. C. Stowe, F. C. Cruz, A. Marian, and J. Ye, “High resolution atomic coherent control via spectral phase manipulation of an optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(15), 153001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. C. Cruz, M. C. Stowe, and J. Ye, “Tapered semiconductor amplifiers for optical frequency combs in the near infrared,” Opt. Lett. 31(9), 1337–1339 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, “Direct frequency comb measurements of absolute optical frequencies and population transfer dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(2), 023001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, J. R. Lawall, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, “United time-frequency spectroscopy for dynamics and global structure,” Science 306(5704), 2063–2068 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suh, H. S.

H. Y. Ryu, S. H. Lee, E. B. Kim, H. S. Suh, and H. S. Moon, “A discretely tunable multifrequency source injection locked to a spectral-mode-filtered fiber laser comb,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(14), 141107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Moon, W.-K. Lee, and H. S. Suh, “Hyperfine-structure-constant determination and absolute-frequency measurement of the Rb 4D3/2 state,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 062503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Ryu, S. H. Lee, W. K. Lee, H. S. Moon, and H. S. Suh, “Absolute frequency measurement of an acetylene stabilized laser using a selected single mode from a femtosecond fiber laser comb,” Opt. Express 16(5), 2867–2873 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Szentgyorgyi, A.

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s(-1),” Nature 452(7187), 610–612 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takamoto, M.

M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, R. Higashi, and H. Katori, “An optical lattice clock,” Nature 435(7040), 321–324 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tanner, C. E.

J. E. Stalnaker, V. Mbele, V. Gerginov, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, and C. E. Tanner, “Femtosecond frequency comb measurement of absolute frequencies and hyperfine coupling constants in cesium vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 81(4), 043840 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Teets, R.

R. Teets, J. Eckstein, and T. W. Hänsch, “Coherent Two-Photon Excitation by Multiple Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 38(14), 760–764 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Thorpe, M. J.

M. J. Thorpe, F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, M. H. G. de Miranda, and J. Ye, “Tomography of a supersonically cooled molecular jet using cavity-enhanced direct frequency comb spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 468(1-3), 1–8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Udem, T.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Udem, “Fabry–Pérot filter cavities for wide-spaced frequency combs with large spectral bandwidth,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 251–256 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Gohle, B. Stein, A. Schliesser, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Frequency comb Vernier spectroscopy for broadband, high-resolution, high-sensitivity absorption and dispersion spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Udem, Th.

S. Reinhardt, E. Peters, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “Two-photon direct frequency comb spectroscopy with chirped pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 81(3), 033427 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and Th. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. T. Murphy, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416(6877), 233–237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Reichert, M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, M. Weitz, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Phase coherent vacuum-ultraviolet to radio frequency comparison with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(15), 3232–3235 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Absolute optical frequency measurement of the Cesium D1 line with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(18), 3568–3571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Walsworth, R. L.

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s(-1),” Nature 452(7187), 610–612 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weitz, M.

J. Reichert, M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, M. Weitz, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Phase coherent vacuum-ultraviolet to radio frequency comparison with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(15), 3232–3235 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wilken, T.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Udem, “Fabry–Pérot filter cavities for wide-spaced frequency combs with large spectral bandwidth,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 251–256 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and Th. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Windeler, R. S.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288(5466), 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wise, F. W.

Ye, J.

M. J. Thorpe, F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, M. H. G. de Miranda, and J. Ye, “Tomography of a supersonically cooled molecular jet using cavity-enhanced direct frequency comb spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 468(1-3), 1–8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. C. Cruz, M. C. Stowe, and J. Ye, “Tapered semiconductor amplifiers for optical frequency combs in the near infrared,” Opt. Lett. 31(9), 1337–1339 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Stowe, F. C. Cruz, A. Marian, and J. Ye, “High resolution atomic coherent control via spectral phase manipulation of an optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(15), 153001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, “Direct frequency comb measurements of absolute optical frequencies and population transfer dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(2), 023001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, J. R. Lawall, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, “United time-frequency spectroscopy for dynamics and global structure,” Science 306(5704), 2063–2068 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Jost, J. Hall, and J. Ye, “Continuously tunable, precise, single frequency optical signal generator,” Opt. Express 10(12), 515–520 (2002).
[PubMed]

Yee, D. S.

Yoon, T. H.

Zhou, S.

Appl. Phys. (Berl.) (1)

Y. V. Baklanov and V. P. Chebotayev, “Narrow resonances of 2-photon absorption of super-narrow pulses in a gas,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 12(1), 97–99 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, and T. Udem, “Fabry–Pérot filter cavities for wide-spaced frequency combs with large spectral bandwidth,” Appl. Phys. B 96(2-3), 251–256 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

H. S. Moon, E. B. Kim, S. E. Park, and C. Y. Park, “Selection and amplification of modes of an optical frequency comb using a femtosecond laser injection-locking technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(18), 181110 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Ryu, S. H. Lee, E. B. Kim, H. S. Suh, and H. S. Moon, “A discretely tunable multifrequency source injection locked to a spectral-mode-filtered fiber laser comb,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 97(14), 141107 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. J. Thorpe, F. Adler, K. C. Cossel, M. H. G. de Miranda, and J. Ye, “Tomography of a supersonically cooled molecular jet using cavity-enhanced direct frequency comb spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 468(1-3), 1–8 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. (1)

H. S. Moon and H. R. Noh, “Optical pumping effects in ladder-type electromagnetically induced transparency of 5S1/2–5P3/2–5D3/2 transition of 87Rb atoms,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 44(5), 055004 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. (1)

M. T. Murphy, Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, A. Sizmann, L. Pasquini, C. Araujo-Hauck, H. Dekker, S. D’Odorico, M. Fischer, T. W. Hänsch, and A. Manescau, “High-precision wavelength calibration of astronomical spectrographs with laser frequency combs,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 380(2), 839–847 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

J. Lee, Y.-J. Kim, K. Lee, S. Lee, and S.-W. Kim, “Time-of-flight measurement with femtosecond light pulses,” Nat. Photonics 4(10), 716–720 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nature (4)

C.-H. Li, A. J. Benedick, P. Fendel, A. G. Glenday, F. X. Kärtner, D. F. Phillips, D. Sasselov, A. Szentgyorgyi, and R. L. Walsworth, “A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s(-1),” Nature 452(7187), 610–612 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Optical frequency metrology,” Nature 416(6877), 233–237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Takamoto, F. L. Hong, R. Higashi, and H. Katori, “An optical lattice clock,” Nature 435(7040), 321–324 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Meshulach and Y. Silberberg, “Coherent quantum control of two-photon transitions by a femtosecond laser pulse,” Nature 396(6708), 239–242 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (3)

S. Reinhardt, E. Peters, T. W. Hänsch, and Th. Udem, “Two-photon direct frequency comb spectroscopy with chirped pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 81(3), 033427 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Stalnaker, V. Mbele, V. Gerginov, T. M. Fortier, S. A. Diddams, L. Hollberg, and C. E. Tanner, “Femtosecond frequency comb measurement of absolute frequencies and hyperfine coupling constants in cesium vapor,” Phys. Rev. A 81(4), 043840 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Moon, W.-K. Lee, and H. S. Suh, “Hyperfine-structure-constant determination and absolute-frequency measurement of the Rb 4D3/2 state,” Phys. Rev. A 79(6), 062503 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (8)

C. Gohle, B. Stein, A. Schliesser, T. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Frequency comb Vernier spectroscopy for broadband, high-resolution, high-sensitivity absorption and dispersion spectra,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(26), 263902 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. M. Fortier, Y. L. Coq, J. E. Stalnaker, D. Ortega, S. A. Diddams, C. W. Oates, and L. Hollberg, “Kilohertz-resolution spectroscopy of cold atoms with an optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(16), 163905 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, “Direct frequency comb measurements of absolute optical frequencies and population transfer dynamics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(2), 023001 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Stowe, F. C. Cruz, A. Marian, and J. Ye, “High resolution atomic coherent control via spectral phase manipulation of an optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(15), 153001 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. N. Eckstein, A. I. Ferguson, and T. W. Hänsch, “High-Resolution Two-Photon Spectroscopy with Picosecond Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 40(13), 847–850 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Th. Udem, J. Reichert, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, “Absolute optical frequency measurement of the Cesium D1 line with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(18), 3568–3571 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Reichert, M. Niering, R. Holzwarth, M. Weitz, Th. Udem, and T. W. Hänsch, “Phase coherent vacuum-ultraviolet to radio frequency comparison with a mode-locked laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84(15), 3232–3235 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Teets, J. Eckstein, and T. W. Hänsch, “Coherent Two-Photon Excitation by Multiple Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 38(14), 760–764 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Science (3)

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hänsch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and Th. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science 321(5894), 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288(5466), 635–639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Marian, M. C. Stowe, J. R. Lawall, D. Felinto, and J. Ye, “United time-frequency spectroscopy for dynamics and global structure,” Science 306(5704), 2063–2068 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for precision spectroscopy in a Rb vapor cell using the selected comb-line from an OFC based on an MLFL; one part is the 1.5 GHz fiber-OFC (FC cavity: Fabry-Pérot cavity), another part is the femtosecond laser injection-locking (EDFA: Er-doped fiber amplifier, AWG: array waveguide grating, PD: photodiode, Fre. C: frequency counter, SA: RF spectrum analyzer), and the third part is DROP spectroscopy (100-m-long-SMF: 100-m-long single mode optical fiber, HWP: half-wave plate, QWP: quarter-wave plates, DCF: dielectric coated filter, LD: laser diode).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the energy levels included hyperfine structures of the 5S 1/2-5P 3/2-4D 3/2 transition of 85Rb (I = 5/2) and 87Rb (I = 3/2) atoms.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Modes of an optical frequency comb with (a) 250 MHz mode-spacing before spectral-mode-filtering and (b) 1.5 GHz mode-spacing after spectral-mode-filtering.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Relative power spectra of the DFB laser injected into the comb-line according to the relative frequency difference between the comb-line and the DFB laser: (a) 0.42 GHz, (b) 0.27 GHz, and (c) 0.20 GHz (optically locking).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Relative power spectra of the optically locked DFB laser: blue curve, the fixed comb-line; red curve, the comb-line scanned over the range of 1 GHz.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

DROP spectrum of the 5S 1/2-5P 3/2-4D 3/2 transition of 87Rb atoms

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Transition configuration of LP and LC in the 5S 1/2(F = 2)-5P 3/2(F′ = 2, 3)-4D 3/2(F″ = 1, 2, 3) transition due to the atom group with 204 m/s velocity.

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